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Study sets matching "major neurotransmitters"

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Study sets matching "major neurotransmitters"

10 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Catecholamines... -norepinephrine... -epinep…
Serotonin
Histamine
Excitatory... CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: neuromuscular jun…
Tyrosine... Excitatory... CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: ANS (sy…
Tryptophan... Excitatory... CNS: brain... Metabotropic
Excitatory... CNS: brain... Metabrotropic
Acetylcholine
Excitatory... CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: neuromuscular jun…
Catecholamines... -norepinephrine... -epinep…
Tyrosine... Excitatory... CNS: brain and spinal cord... PNS: ANS (sy…
8 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetycholine
Dopomine
Norepinephrine
Epinephrine
movement, learning, memory, REM sleep
movement, attention, learning, reinforcement, pleasure
eating, alertness, wakefulness
metabolism of glucose, energy release during exercise
Acetycholine
movement, learning, memory, REM sleep
Dopomine
movement, attention, learning, reinforcement, pleasure
12 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
ACh
ACh
Dopamine
Dopamine
function: muscle action
Alzheimer's disease
function: emotion and pleasure
Schizophrenia
ACh
function: muscle action
ACh
Alzheimer's disease
13 terms
Major neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine function
Acetylcholine Malfunction
Dopamine Function
Dopamine Malfunction
Muscle action
Alzheimer's disease
emotion
Schizophrenia , Parkinsons
Acetylcholine function
Muscle action
Acetylcholine Malfunction
Alzheimer's disease
9 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
acetylcholine
dopamine
norepinephrine and epinephrine
serotonin
Neuromuscular junction ... Parasympathetic nervous system... (uses…
Movement... Thought, attention, motivation, learning, pleasure,…
Sympathetic nervous system (fight/flight response)... Sleep, wak…
Regulation of mood, appetite, sleep/arousal, regulation of pa…
acetylcholine
Neuromuscular junction ... Parasympathetic nervous system... (uses…
dopamine
Movement... Thought, attention, motivation, learning, pleasure,…
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Dopamine
Seratonin
Norepinephrine
activates skeletal muscle contraction
well being, addiction (reward)
mood, sleep, behavior (depression)
well being, autonomic system, depression, stress hormone
Acetylcholine
activates skeletal muscle contraction
Dopamine
well being, addiction (reward)
8 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Endorphins
Glutamate
Norepinephrine
Epinephrine
Opaitelike... linked to pain and control
memory
connected to amygdala function... ~Sympathetic Nsystem:... <fight o…
~Sympathetic NSystem:... Energy and Energency systems... ~Brain:…
Endorphins
Opaitelike... linked to pain and control
Glutamate
memory
19 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
acetylcholine
effects of excess acetylcholine
effects of acetylcholine deficiency
dopamine
responsible for voluntary muscle movement, attention, and mem…
convulsions, shaking
paralysis, Alzheimer's
responsible for voluntary movement, euphoria, reward
acetylcholine
responsible for voluntary muscle movement, attention, and mem…
effects of excess acetylcholine
convulsions, shaking
6 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Dopamine
Glutamate
Serotonin
A neurotransmitter that causes contraction of skeletal muscle…
A neurotransmitter that stimulates the hypothalamus to synthe…
A neurotransmitter that stimulates cells throughout the brain…
A neurotransmitter associated with arousal, sleep, appetite,…
Acetylcholine (ACh)
A neurotransmitter that causes contraction of skeletal muscle…
Dopamine
A neurotransmitter that stimulates the hypothalamus to synthe…
Major Neurotransmitters
acetylocholine
Dopamine
Norephinephrine(& epinephrine)
Serotonin
-Neuromuscular junction... -Parasympathetic nervous system... (uses…
Movement... Thought, attention, motivation, learning, pleasure,…
1.Sympathetic nervous system (fight/flight response)... 2.Sleep,…
Regulation of mood, appetite, sleep/arousal, regulation of pa…
acetylocholine
-Neuromuscular junction... -Parasympathetic nervous system... (uses…
Dopamine
Movement... Thought, attention, motivation, learning, pleasure,…
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Norepinephrine
Dopamine
Serotonin
Excitatory to vertebrate skeletal muscles; excitatory or inhi…
Excitatory or inhibitory, CNS; PNS
Generally excitatory; maybe inhibitory at some sites, CNS; PNS
Generally inhibitory, CNS
Acetylcholine
Excitatory to vertebrate skeletal muscles; excitatory or inhi…
Norepinephrine
Excitatory or inhibitory, CNS; PNS
7 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Dopamine
GABA
Glutamate
A neurotransmitter used by the spinal cord neurons to control…
The neurotransmitter that produces feelings of pleasure when…
The major inhibitory nuerotransmitter in the brain.
The most common excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain.
Acetylcholine
A neurotransmitter used by the spinal cord neurons to control…
Dopamine
The neurotransmitter that produces feelings of pleasure when…
15 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine (ACH)
Curare
Black Widow Poison
Dopamine
Enables muscle action, efferent neurons, enables learning, me…
ACH antagonists, blocks ACH receptor sites
ACH agonists, causes flood of ACH
Excitatory neurotransmitter, provides feelings of enjoyment,…
Acetylcholine (ACH)
Enables muscle action, efferent neurons, enables learning, me…
Curare
ACH antagonists, blocks ACH receptor sites
13 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Dopamine
Serotonin
Norepinephrine
Function: Enables muscle movement
Function: Triggers movement, attention, and pleasure
Function: Affects mood, hunger, and sleep
Function: Controls alertness
Acetylcholine
Function: Enables muscle movement
Dopamine
Function: Triggers movement, attention, and pleasure
10 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Norepinephrine
Dopamine
Serotonin
Functional Class: ... Excitatory to vertebrate... skeletal muscles;…
Biogenic Amine ... Functional Class:... Excitatory or inhibitory... S…
Biogenic Amine... Functional Class:... Generally excitatory; may... be…
Biogenic Amine... Functional Class:... Generally inhibitory... Secret…
Acetylcholine
Functional Class: ... Excitatory to vertebrate... skeletal muscles;…
Norepinephrine
Biogenic Amine ... Functional Class:... Excitatory or inhibitory... S…
8 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Glutamate
GABA
Glycine
Acetylcholine
Amino acid.... Primary excitatory.... Ex: cortical projection neuro…
Amino acid.... Primary inhibitory.... Synthesized from glutamate.... R…
Amino acid.... Inhibitory.... Primarily found in the brainstem and…
Biogenic amine.... Both exictatory and inhibitory.... Both ionotrop…
Glutamate
Amino acid.... Primary excitatory.... Ex: cortical projection neuro…
GABA
Amino acid.... Primary inhibitory.... Synthesized from glutamate.... R…
11 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine (ACH)
Dopamine
GABA
Serotonin
Enables muscle action; w/out it, we'd be unable to move... -Effe…
Major excitatory neurotransmitter... Essential to function of CN…
major inhibitory neurotransmitter in CNS... major role in fallin…
mood/emotional control, perception... regulation of sleep (non-…
Acetylcholine (ACH)
Enables muscle action; w/out it, we'd be unable to move... -Effe…
Dopamine
Major excitatory neurotransmitter... Essential to function of CN…
8 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
neurotransmitters
seretonin
dopamine
acetylocholine
chemicals released by neurons to bind with other neurons and…
-a facilitator, sets a range of activity-regulatory neurotran…
a. in charge of reward and pleasure... -whenever you feel good=d…
the last step in moving-makes your muscles contract... a. link b…
neurotransmitters
chemicals released by neurons to bind with other neurons and…
seretonin
-a facilitator, sets a range of activity-regulatory neurotran…
9 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Dopamine
Norepinephrine (and epinephrine)
Serotonin
(ACh) ... Fuction:... neuromuscular juction, primary transmitter o…
(DA)... Fuction: ... initiation of voluntary movements, thought, at…
(NE)... Function: ... sympathetic nervous system (flight or fight),…
(5-HT)... Function: ... regulation of mood, appetite, sleep, wakefu…
Acetylcholine
(ACh) ... Fuction:... neuromuscular juction, primary transmitter o…
Dopamine
(DA)... Fuction: ... initiation of voluntary movements, thought, at…
8 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
GABA
Glutamate
Dopamine
Serotonin
Major inhibitory transmitter in the brain
Block glutamate: dissociative anesthetics
initiation of voluntary motor sequences; motivate behaviors;…
Impulse control
GABA
Major inhibitory transmitter in the brain
Glutamate
Block glutamate: dissociative anesthetics
14 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Glutamate
GABA
Monoamines
Dopamine and L-Dopa
- most prevalent excitatory neurotransmitter... - Very fast acti…
- most inhibitory neurotransmitter and rapid and discrete lik…
Catecholamines: Dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine (adrena…
- precursor for dopamine... - agonist for dopamine (mimics or in…
Glutamate
- most prevalent excitatory neurotransmitter... - Very fast acti…
GABA
- most inhibitory neurotransmitter and rapid and discrete lik…
8 terms
MAJOR NEUROTRANSMITTERS
Acetylocholine (ach)
Amino Acids (2)
Glutamate
GABA
-Excitatory... -movement, autonomic functions... -alzheimers has lo…
-glutamate... -GABA
-amino acid... -excitatory... -Excitatory control over CNS... -Main pl…
-amino acid... -inhibitory (no AP in next neuron) over CNS... -play…
Acetylocholine (ach)
-Excitatory... -movement, autonomic functions... -alzheimers has lo…
Amino Acids (2)
-glutamate... -GABA
38 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Biogenic Amines
Acetycholine (Ach), precursor: choline
Dopamine (DA), precursor: tyrosine
Histamine (H), precursor: histidine
Class, contains: Monoamines: Acetycholine, Dopamine, Histamin…
Attention, memory, pushes for action prep. Conserves energy;…
integrates thoughts and emotions; regulates pleasure and rewa…
Mediates allergic and inflam responses; smooth muscle constri…
Biogenic Amines
Class, contains: Monoamines: Acetycholine, Dopamine, Histamin…
Acetycholine (Ach), precursor: choline
Attention, memory, pushes for action prep. Conserves energy;…
10 terms
Major neurotransmitters
Dopamine
Serotonin
Norepinephrine
Epinephrine
Major catecholamine neurotransmitter in the brain. Influence…
Monoamine. AKA 5HT. Located in the CNS. Is involved in variet…
Monoamine. NE, sometimes called noradrenaline. Is both a neur…
Monoamine. Or adrenaline, it is secreted by the adrenaline gl…
Dopamine
Major catecholamine neurotransmitter in the brain. Influence…
Serotonin
Monoamine. AKA 5HT. Located in the CNS. Is involved in variet…
Major Neurotransmitters
Ach (e or I?, precursors, rate limitin…
Glutamate (e or I?, precursors, rate l…
GABA (e or I?, precursors, rate limiti…
Glycine (e or I?, precursors, rate lim…
Excitatory, choline + acetyl CoA, CAT, AchEase, small/clear,…
Excitatory, glutamine, glutaminase, transporters, small/clear
Inhibitory, glutamate, GAD, transporters, small/clear
Inhibitory, serine, phosphoserine, transporters, small/clear
Ach (e or I?, precursors, rate limitin…
Excitatory, choline + acetyl CoA, CAT, AchEase, small/clear,…
Glutamate (e or I?, precursors, rate l…
Excitatory, glutamine, glutaminase, transporters, small/clear
8 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Serotonin
Norepinephrine
Dopamine
Acetylcholine
helps coordinate sleep, mood balance, social behavior, appeti…
emotional arousal, hunger, alertness--secreted by adrenal med…
coordinated muscle movement--pleasure for reward seeking beha…
resides in the axon terminals of neurons that activate the sk…
Serotonin
helps coordinate sleep, mood balance, social behavior, appeti…
Norepinephrine
emotional arousal, hunger, alertness--secreted by adrenal med…
8 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
GABA
Noreoineohrine
Endorphine
Acetyeholine
sleep, inhibits movement
arousal, mood
pain relief
arousal, attention, memory, muscle control
GABA
sleep, inhibits movement
Noreoineohrine
arousal, mood
14 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Norepinephrine
Serotonin
Dopamine
Transmits between nerves and muscles; involuntary body moveme…
Sleep, blood pressure, mood
Mood, appetite, aggression
Involuntary body movement
Acetylcholine
Transmits between nerves and muscles; involuntary body moveme…
Norepinephrine
Sleep, blood pressure, mood
10 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Glutamate
GABA
Valium
muscle contraction, sweating, slows down heart rate.
cerebral cortex of the brain (learning and memory)
Inhibitory neurotransmitter (brain and spinal cord)
is a GABA agonist- enhances its inhibitory effect (example: a…
Acetylcholine
muscle contraction, sweating, slows down heart rate.
Glutamate
cerebral cortex of the brain (learning and memory)
12 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Monoamines
Amino acid
Peptides
Lipids
Indolamine and Catecholamine
Glutamate and GABA
Endorphins and Substance P
Endocanabinoids
Monoamines
Indolamine and Catecholamine
Amino acid
Glutamate and GABA
14 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylocholine
Dopamine
Norepinephrine
Serotonin
voluntary motor movement at the muscles, control, helps with…
motor behavior (voluntary, planned), motivation, emotional ar…
fight or flight, alertness
sleep, wakefulness, aggressive behavior, appetite
Acetylocholine
voluntary motor movement at the muscles, control, helps with…
Dopamine
motor behavior (voluntary, planned), motivation, emotional ar…
19 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
acetylcholine
excess acetylcholine
acetylcholine deficiency
dopamine
responsible for voluntary muscle movement, attention, and mem…
convulsions, shaking
paralysis, Alzheimer's
responsible for voluntary movement, euphoria, reward
acetylcholine
responsible for voluntary muscle movement, attention, and mem…
excess acetylcholine
convulsions, shaking
10 terms
Major neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Dopamine
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Cholinergic neuron abundantly present in most cells. Primary…
Movement, reinforcement, and planning.
Formerly referred to as "adrenaline." Limited role as a CNS n…
Increases arousal and vigilance.
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Cholinergic neuron abundantly present in most cells. Primary…
Dopamine
Movement, reinforcement, and planning.
15 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Undersupply of ACh
Dopamine
Excess of dopamine
enables muscle action
alzheimer's disease
influence on movement, attention, and emotion (pleasure)
schizophrenia
Acetylcholine (ACh)
enables muscle action
Undersupply of ACh
alzheimer's disease
21 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Serotonin
Dopamine
Norepinephrine
Muscle control, memory formation, sensory response. Excitatory
Intestinal movement control, mood regulation, appetite, sleep…
Reward pathways, cognition, voluntary movement
fight or flight response (increase HR, BP, blood glucose, O2…
Acetylcholine
Muscle control, memory formation, sensory response. Excitatory
Serotonin
Intestinal movement control, mood regulation, appetite, sleep…
Major Neurotransmitters
Neurotransmitter Systems
Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylocholine (ACh)
Cholinergic Neuron
interconnected neurons that tend to use the same neurotransmi…
ANSDEGG (A neuro scientist doesn't eat grey goop)... Actylcholin…
found at the neuromuscular junction; involved in muscle contr…
Mainly uses Acetylocholine as it's neurotransmitter
Neurotransmitter Systems
interconnected neurons that tend to use the same neurotransmi…
Major Neurotransmitters
ANSDEGG (A neuro scientist doesn't eat grey goop)... Actylcholin…
25 terms
Major Neurotransmitters
Is Acetylcholine excitatory, inhibitor…
Is Acetylcholine excitatory, inhibitor…
Where is Acetylcholine found? CNS, PNS…
Where besides the CNS and PNS is speci…
Excitatory
Both
Both
Vertebrate neuromuscular junction
Is Acetylcholine excitatory, inhibitor…
Excitatory
Is Acetylcholine excitatory, inhibitor…
Both
10 terms
Major Neurotransmitters and their Functions
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Dopamine (DA)
Norepinephrine (NE)
Epinephrine
Affects skeletal muscle movement, learning, memory, REM sleep
Affects movement, attention, learning, reinforcement, pleasure
Affects eating, alertness, wakefulness
Affects metabolism of glucose, energy release during exercise
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Affects skeletal muscle movement, learning, memory, REM sleep
Dopamine (DA)
Affects movement, attention, learning, reinforcement, pleasure
9 terms
Neurotransmitters/neuromodulators and five major neurotransmitters
What is a neuromodulator?
What is a neurotransmitter?
What are two effects that can occur be…
What are the FIVE MAJOR neurotransmitt…
A chemical substance that regulates the activity of neurotran…
A chemical released by the synaptic button (when a neural imp…
It can be inhibitory (blocks the postsynpatic button neuron f…
Acetylcholine, Norepinephnne, Dopamine, Serotonin, Endorphins
What is a neuromodulator?
A chemical substance that regulates the activity of neurotran…
What is a neurotransmitter?
A chemical released by the synaptic button (when a neural imp…
14 terms
Major Neurotransmitters/ Synapses
Acetylcholine
Dopamine
Serotonin
Norepinephrine
enables muscle action... undersupply leads to Alzeihmers disease
influence movement attention and emotion... excess leads to schi…
affects mood, hunger, sleep onset, arousal... undersupply: depre…
undersupply can depress mood
Acetylcholine
enables muscle action... undersupply leads to Alzeihmers disease
Dopamine
influence movement attention and emotion... excess leads to schi…
28 terms
Major Neurotransmitters Review
Seratonin
Seratonin
Seratonin
Dopamine
Monoamine neurotransmitter. Found in CNS, GI tract (90%), pla…
In CNS it regulates mood, appetite, and sleep. Also memory an…
Secreted from enterochromaffin cells, stored in platelets. In…
Organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine fami…
Seratonin
Monoamine neurotransmitter. Found in CNS, GI tract (90%), pla…
Seratonin
In CNS it regulates mood, appetite, and sleep. Also memory an…
14 terms
Functions of Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Acetylcholine
Dopamine
Dopamine
memory/learning, muscle movement/reflexes, attention, BP/Hear…
Marijuana, Nicotine, Alcohol, PCP, ... Cocaine, Amphetamine, LSD
Cocaine, Nicotine, PCP, Amphetamine, Caffeine, LSD, Marijuana…
muscle tone, energy, attention span, reward, pleasure
Acetylcholine
memory/learning, muscle movement/reflexes, attention, BP/Hear…
Acetylcholine
Marijuana, Nicotine, Alcohol, PCP, ... Cocaine, Amphetamine, LSD
16 terms
Major Neurotransmitters and their Functions
Acetylcholine (Ach)
Dopamine (DA)
Epinephrine
Serotonin
Affects movement, learning, memory, REM Sleep
Affects movement, attention, learning, reinforcement, pleasure
Affects metabolism of glucose, energy release during exercise.
Affects mood, sleep, appetite, impulsivity, aggression
Acetylcholine (Ach)
Affects movement, learning, memory, REM Sleep
Dopamine (DA)
Affects movement, attention, learning, reinforcement, pleasure
10 terms
Psych 150 major neurotransmitters
Acetylcholine
Epinephrine & Norepinephrine
Serotonin
Dopamine
Activates muscles, affects learning & memory
Control arousal & alertness ... - lvls go up = more alert... - very…
Regulates mood, appetite ... SSRI's- make serotonin - helps dep…
Used by reward centers of the brain & frontal lobes
Acetylcholine
Activates muscles, affects learning & memory
Epinephrine & Norepinephrine
Control arousal & alertness ... - lvls go up = more alert... - very…
12 terms
Major Neurotransmitters and their Functions
Acetylcholine, function
Acetylcholine, malfunction
Dopamine, function
Dopamine, malfunction
Enables muscle action, learning, and memory
With Alzheimer's disease, __________-producing neurons deteri…
Neurotransmitter that influences movement, learning, attentio…
Excess ________ receptor activity is linked to schizophrenia.…
Acetylcholine, function
Enables muscle action, learning, and memory
Acetylcholine, malfunction
With Alzheimer's disease, __________-producing neurons deteri…
34 terms
Neurotransmitters and their Major Pathways
reuptake
enzymatic hydrolysis
neurotrophin
LGIC
process by which NE, DA, and 5-HT signals are inactivated
process by which ACh and Hist signals are inactivated
major effectors of cell cycles of neurons, examples include B…
type of receptor for nicotinic, NMDA, AMPA, keinate, 5-HT3, G…
reuptake
process by which NE, DA, and 5-HT signals are inactivated
enzymatic hydrolysis
process by which ACh and Hist signals are inactivated
9 terms
Neurotransmitters/neuromodulators and five major neurotransmitters
What is a neuromodulator?
What is a neurotransmitter?
What are two effects that can occur be…
What are the FIVE MAJOR neurotransmitt…
A chemical substance that regulates the activity of neurotran…
A chemical released by the synaptic button (when a neural imp…
It can be inhibitory (blocks the postsynpatic button neuron f…
Acetylcholine, Norepinephnne, Dopamine, Serotonin, Endorphins
What is a neuromodulator?
A chemical substance that regulates the activity of neurotran…
What is a neurotransmitter?
A chemical released by the synaptic button (when a neural imp…
9 terms
Neurotransmitters/neuromodulators and five major neurotransmitters
What is a neuromodulator?
What is a neurotransmitter?
What are two effects that can occur be…
What are the FIVE MAJOR neurotransmitt…
A chemical substance that regulates the activity of neurotran…
A chemical released by the synaptic button (when a neural imp…
It can be inhibitory (blocks the postsynpatic button neuron f…
Acetylcholine, Norepinephnne, Dopamine, Serotonin, Endorphins
What is a neuromodulator?
A chemical substance that regulates the activity of neurotran…
What is a neurotransmitter?
A chemical released by the synaptic button (when a neural imp…
8 terms
Major Neurotransmitters and their Functions
Acetylcholine (Ach)
Dopamine (DA)
Norepihephrine (NE)
Epinephrine
Affects movement, learning, memory, REM Sleep
Affects movement, attention, learning, reinforcement, pleasure
Affects eating, alertness, wakefullness
Affects metabolism of glucose, energy release during exercise.
Acetylcholine (Ach)
Affects movement, learning, memory, REM Sleep
Dopamine (DA)
Affects movement, attention, learning, reinforcement, pleasure
8 terms
Chapter 2: Major Neurotransmitters
Acetylocholine (ACh)
Dopamine
Serotonin
Glutamate
Where neurons meet skeletal muslces. Plays key role in arousa…
Affects neurons associated with voluntary movement, learning,…
Aka "mood molecule" involved with emotional experiences
Excitatory chemical that speeds up synaptic transmission CNS
Acetylocholine (ACh)
Where neurons meet skeletal muslces. Plays key role in arousa…
Dopamine
Affects neurons associated with voluntary movement, learning,…
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