Study sets matching "mammalogy"

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Study sets matching "mammalogy"

Mammalogy Teeth
labial (buccal)
lingual
anterior
posterior
side of tooth closest to lip
side of tooth closest to tounge
towards the front
towards the back
labial (buccal)
side of tooth closest to lip
lingual
side of tooth closest to tounge
Mammalogy - Lagomorphs
Lagomorph
General Characteristics of Lagomorphs
3 types of Lagomorph tails
3 ear shapes in Lagomorphs
"Hare-like body"
1. Coprophagy... 2. Peg teeth... 3. Ever-growing, open-rooted incis…
1. Pikas: no tails... 2. Rabbits: scuts... 3. Hare: true tail
1. Pika: Short and circular ... 2. Rabbit: Medium... 3. Hare: Long…
Lagomorph
"Hare-like body"
General Characteristics of Lagomorphs
1. Coprophagy... 2. Peg teeth... 3. Ever-growing, open-rooted incis…
Mammalogy: Locomotion
Locomotion Types
Terrestrial Locomotion
Ambulatory Locomotion
Cursorial Locomotion
Terrestrial... Fossorial... Arboreal... Aerial... Aquatic
Ambulatory... Cursorial... Saltatorial
-Walking... -Plantigrade
-Running... -Length of limbs increase... -Loss/reduction of clavicl…
Locomotion Types
Terrestrial... Fossorial... Arboreal... Aerial... Aquatic
Terrestrial Locomotion
Ambulatory... Cursorial... Saltatorial
17 terms
Mammalogy: Cetacea
Adaptation to life in water: fusiform…
Adaptation to life in water:skeletal a…
Adaptation to life in water:skull adap…
Adaptation to life in water:swimming
-nearly hairless... -blubber insulation... -lack sebaceous glands (…
-lack clavicle... -collapsible ribs and lungs for deep depths... -f…
-skull bones are very shifted... -maxilla and premaxilla make up…
-Produced by tail flukes... • Powered by muscles in the tailstoc…
Adaptation to life in water: fusiform…
-nearly hairless... -blubber insulation... -lack sebaceous glands (…
Adaptation to life in water:skeletal a…
-lack clavicle... -collapsible ribs and lungs for deep depths... -f…
Mammalogy final
Anisogamy
Sexual selection
Two types of sexual selection
Both types of sexual selection lead to…
Difference in gamete size
A process that produces anatomical and behavioral traits that…
Intersexual ... Intrasexual
Sexual dimorphism
Anisogamy
Difference in gamete size
Sexual selection
A process that produces anatomical and behavioral traits that…
mammalogy 5
heart adaptations in mammals
mammalian RBC
Mammalian respiratory adaptations
role of nephron loop
4 chambers ... single aortic arch
lack nuclei... -increase Hemoglobin... camels exception
-aspiration pump (all tetrapoda)... -epiglottis... -diaphragmatic b…
-permits re-absorption
heart adaptations in mammals
4 chambers ... single aortic arch
mammalian RBC
lack nuclei... -increase Hemoglobin... camels exception
Mammalogy - Artiodactyla
Artiodactyla
Paraxonic
General Artiodactyla characteristics
Cephalic Structures
Even-toed
Weight-bearing axis between the walking toes, 3rd and 4th dig…
1. Clavicle reduced or absent... 2. 1,2,5 digits reduced or abse…
1. Horns... 2. Antlers... 3. Pronghorn... 4. Ossicones
Artiodactyla
Even-toed
Paraxonic
Weight-bearing axis between the walking toes, 3rd and 4th dig…
64 terms
Mammalogy 1
Mark Catesby
Maximilian (Prinz von Wied-Neuwied)
Thomas Jefferson
George Ord
Carolina, Florida, and Bahamas; Southeastern N America... 1722-1…
Plains regions; Wildlife and Native Americans... 1832-1834
"Transactions of the American Philosophical Society" fossil m…
"N American Zoology" 1815... described species from L&C
Mark Catesby
Carolina, Florida, and Bahamas; Southeastern N America... 1722-1…
Maximilian (Prinz von Wied-Neuwied)
Plains regions; Wildlife and Native Americans... 1832-1834
Mammalogy Skulls Test 1
Virginia Opossum: Didelphis virginiana
Star-nosed Mole: Condylura cristata
Hairy-tailed Mole: Parascalops breweri
Eastern Mole: Scalopus aquaticus
most teeth, prominent sagittal crest
Medial incisors project forward, third upper incisor is long…
Medial incisors small and project downwards, 11 teeth in each…
Medial incisors large, rectangular, and project downwards, 10…
Virginia Opossum: Didelphis virginiana
most teeth, prominent sagittal crest
Star-nosed Mole: Condylura cristata
Medial incisors project forward, third upper incisor is long…
27 terms
Mammalogy Lab 5
Kingdom Animalia
Order Macroscelidea
Order Scandentia
Family Tupaiidae
Phylum Chordata ... Subphylum Vertebrata... Class Mammalia... Subclass…
Family Macroscelididae
Family Tupaiidae... Family Ptilocercidae
Like a squirrel, less bushy tail
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata ... Subphylum Vertebrata... Class Mammalia... Subclass…
Order Macroscelidea
Family Macroscelididae
Mammalogy Orders
Golden Moles and Tenrecs
Cat like and Dog like
Even toed mammals, including whales an…
Bats
Afrosoricida
Carnivora
Cetartiodactyla
Chiroptera
Golden Moles and Tenrecs
Afrosoricida
Cat like and Dog like
Carnivora
22 terms
Mammalogy: Ungulates
Specialized cursorial adaptations
Nuchal ligament
Springing ligament
Ungulate orders are....
Galloping and breathing are synchronized... -movement of intesti…
-heavy band of elastin ... -helps support the head so muscles ar…
-helps w/ speed and power in running without using energy
Perissodactyls and Artiodactyls
Specialized cursorial adaptations
Galloping and breathing are synchronized... -movement of intesti…
Nuchal ligament
-heavy band of elastin ... -helps support the head so muscles ar…
Mammalogy: Cetacea
Cetacea Adaptations To Water
Sub-Orders
Familes of Mysticeti
Balaenidae Characteristics
-Fusiform shape (blubber insulation, hairless, retractable pe…
Mysticeti... Odontoceti
Balaenidae... Balaenopteridae... Eschrichtiidae... Neobalaenidae
-Robust whales... -Long baleen plates... -No furrows on throat or c…
Cetacea Adaptations To Water
-Fusiform shape (blubber insulation, hairless, retractable pe…
Sub-Orders
Mysticeti... Odontoceti
Mammalogy - Perissodactyla
Perissodactyla
Mesaxonic
Astragulus
General Perissodactyla characteristics
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
Ankle bone; deep groove shelters the fetlock joint tendon
1. Hindgut fermenters ... 2. Large cecum, large colon... 3. No bacu…
Perissodactyla
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Mesaxonic
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
16 terms
Bats Mammalogy Carver
Corynorhinus rafinesquii
Corynorhinus townsendii virginianus
Eptesicus fuscus
Lasionycteris noctivagans
Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat
Virginia Big-eared Bat
Big Brown Bat
Silver-haired Bat
Corynorhinus rafinesquii
Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat
Corynorhinus townsendii virginianus
Virginia Big-eared Bat
152 terms
MAMMALOGY MIDTERM
4 Groups of amniotes based on lateral…
Evolution of Synapsids to mammals
Amniotes -> synapsids -> mammals
3 major mammal ear bones
A - Anapsid... B - Synapsid - have jugal bone... C - Euryapsid - te…
Defined by the articulation squamosal and dentary bones
Amniotes: jaw with quadrate and articular "hinge" bones, they…
Malleus - touching typmanic membrane, from articular bone... Inc…
4 Groups of amniotes based on lateral…
A - Anapsid... B - Synapsid - have jugal bone... C - Euryapsid - te…
Evolution of Synapsids to mammals
Defined by the articulation squamosal and dentary bones
53 terms
Mammalogy Final
Pteropodidae
Molossidae
Mormoopidae
Phyllostomidae
Flying foxes
Free-tailed bats
Ghost-faced bats... Mustached bats... Naked-backed bats
Leaf-nosed bats
Pteropodidae
Flying foxes
Molossidae
Free-tailed bats
8 terms
mammalogy lab exam 3
order proboscidea... family elephantidae…
order hyracoidea... family procaviidae... ge…
order sirenia... family dugongidae... genus…
order sirenia... family trichechidae... genu…
elephants
evil eyes, snarls at ed, hyrax
sea cow
manatee
order proboscidea... family elephantidae…
elephants
order hyracoidea... family procaviidae... ge…
evil eyes, snarls at ed, hyrax
Mammalogy Final
dugong
Euarchontoglires
sterpsirrhini
false
This marine mammal from Australia is know in English by the c…
A supraordinal taxon made up of orders: dermoptera, scandenti…
There are two suborders of primates, the haplorrhini and the…
while bats further north, even as close as missouri, hibernat…
dugong
This marine mammal from Australia is know in English by the c…
Euarchontoglires
A supraordinal taxon made up of orders: dermoptera, scandenti…
Mammalogy General
Cynodont Characteristics (5)
3 Eras (Most to Least Recent)
11 Periods (Most to Least Recent)
Diagnostic characteristic of mammals
xTriscuspid and double rooted cheek teeth... xJaw structure & ma…
Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic
Quaternary, Tertiary, Cretaceous, Jurassic, Triassic, Permian…
Squamosal articulation of the jaw. Strong joint.
Cynodont Characteristics (5)
xTriscuspid and double rooted cheek teeth... xJaw structure & ma…
3 Eras (Most to Least Recent)
Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic
Mammalogy Lecture Final Extra
Describe Horns
Describe Antlers
Pocket Gopher Family
Panda Occurrance
Bony core ... Keratinized sheath... Not shed annually... Never Branch…
Exposed bone... Often branches... Shed Annually... Covered in skin cal…
Geomyidae
Ursidae? ... China?... Who knows
Describe Horns
Bony core ... Keratinized sheath... Not shed annually... Never Branch…
Describe Antlers
Exposed bone... Often branches... Shed Annually... Covered in skin cal…
mammalogy 3
roles of mammalian skin
layers of mammalian skin
roles of hypodermis
melanophores
prevents and permits heat and water loss
epidermis... dermis... hypodermis
-energy storage... -heat and water source... -thermal insulation (w…
produce melanin:... absorbs UV radiation
roles of mammalian skin
prevents and permits heat and water loss
layers of mammalian skin
epidermis... dermis... hypodermis
Mammalogy Final
Pholidota
Pilosa
Cingulata
Myrmecophagy
Pangolin
Order of anteaters and sloths
Order of armadillos
Consume termites and/or ants... Aardvark, anteater, pangolin, sl…
Pholidota
Pangolin
Pilosa
Order of anteaters and sloths
71 terms
Mammalogy: Skull and Skeleton
Brain Case
Rostrum
Premaxillae
Maxillae
Refers to general region.
Brain Case
Refers to general region.
Rostrum
Mammalogy: Bats
Order
Order Characteristics
Flying adaptations
Families of Chiroptera
Chiroptera
-Only mammals with true flight... -Echolocation... -2nd largest mam…
-Energetically expensive... -Largest hearts and lungs relative t…
Pteropodidae... Craseonycteridae... Megadermatidae... Hipposideridae... N…
Order
Chiroptera
Order Characteristics
-Only mammals with true flight... -Echolocation... -2nd largest mam…
Mammalogy - Perissodactyla
Perissodactyla
Mesaxonic
Astragulus
General Perissodactyla characteristics
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
Ankle bone; deep groove shelters the fetlock joint tendon
1. Hindgut fermenters ... 2. Large cecum, large colon... 3. No bacu…
Perissodactyla
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Mesaxonic
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
Mammalogy - Perissodactyla
Perissodactyla
Mesaxonic
Astragulus
General Perissodactyla characteristics
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
Ankle bone; deep groove shelters the fetlock joint tendon
1. Hindgut fermenters ... 2. Large cecum, large colon... 3. No bacu…
Perissodactyla
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Mesaxonic
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
mammalogy 1
reasons to study mammals
how are mammals important to our survi…
potential environmental impacts
applications for our health
we are mammals... important for our survival ... domestication has…
food, tools, protection, clothing, warmth & decor... companion a…
alterations of trophic pyramids from removal... damage to native…
drug effects... understanding disease progression and effect... stu…
reasons to study mammals
we are mammals... important for our survival ... domestication has…
how are mammals important to our survi…
food, tools, protection, clothing, warmth & decor... companion a…
Mammalogy - Subungulates
3 Subungulate Orders (?)
6 morphological characteristics of Sub…
Elephantidae
General elephantidae characteristics
1. Sirenia... 2. Hyracoidea... 3. Proboscidea
1. No clavicles ... 2. 4 toes on forefeet (except 1 elephant spe…
Elephants
1. Herbivores with seasonal diet... 2. Close ties to water... 3. In…
3 Subungulate Orders (?)
1. Sirenia... 2. Hyracoidea... 3. Proboscidea
6 morphological characteristics of Sub…
1. No clavicles ... 2. 4 toes on forefeet (except 1 elephant spe…
Mammalogy exam 1
What makes a mammal a mammal?
How are mammals classified
What is a cladogram
What is a phylogram
hair (camo, protection, thermo) Mammary glands, Jaw made of o…
cladistics (phylogenetic systematics) relies on shared derive…
does not include time.
includes time and shows branch order
What makes a mammal a mammal?
hair (camo, protection, thermo) Mammary glands, Jaw made of o…
How are mammals classified
cladistics (phylogenetic systematics) relies on shared derive…
66 terms
mammalogy primates
a primate is
Order Primates
non- human primates can be found
how many species are found in order Pr…
any member of the biological order Primates
is the group that contains all the species commonly related t…
in Central and South America, Africa, and South Asia, includi…
300 species
a primate is
any member of the biological order Primates
Order Primates
is the group that contains all the species commonly related t…
Mammalogy: Ungulates
Ungulate Adaptations
Orders of Ungulates
Perissodactyla Characteristics
Artiodactyla Characteristics
-Pneumatic Stabilization: stabilizes shoulder and chest to al…
Perissodactyla... Artiodactyla
-Mesaxonic: axis of symmetry passes through 3rd digit... -Hypsod…
-Paraxonic: axis of symmetry passes between 3rd and 4th digit…
Ungulate Adaptations
-Pneumatic Stabilization: stabilizes shoulder and chest to al…
Orders of Ungulates
Perissodactyla... Artiodactyla
11 terms
Mammalogy Exam
Star-nosed Mole
Hairy-tailed Mole
Short-tailed Shrew
Smoky Shrew
Condylura cristata
Parascalops breweri
Blarina brevicauda
Sorex fumeus
Star-nosed Mole
Condylura cristata
Hairy-tailed Mole
Parascalops breweri
12 terms
Mammalogy final
Grandorder Glires... Order Lagomorpha... Fam…
Grandorder Chiroptera... Order Chiroptera…
Superorder Laurasiatheria... Grandorder L…
Superorder Laurasiatheria... Grandorder L…
-2 sets of teeth... Ochotonidae has peg-like teeth... -large diaste…
-yang= gap in teeth and short rostrum... *M= free tail... *v= enclo…
Solenodons
Moles
Grandorder Glires... Order Lagomorpha... Fam…
-2 sets of teeth... Ochotonidae has peg-like teeth... -large diaste…
Grandorder Chiroptera... Order Chiroptera…
-yang= gap in teeth and short rostrum... *M= free tail... *v= enclo…
24 terms
Mammalogy:Locomotion
5 types of locomotion
Terrestrial locomotion
Ambulatory locomotion
Cursorial locomotion
• Terrestrial Locomotion... • Fossorial Locomotion... • Arboreal Lo…
-Ambulatory locomotion (walk)... -Cursorial locomotion (run)... -Sa…
-walking... -primitive condition... -unmodified meta carpals and me…
-running... -length of limbs increase... -loss or reduction of clav…
5 types of locomotion
• Terrestrial Locomotion... • Fossorial Locomotion... • Arboreal Lo…
Terrestrial locomotion
-Ambulatory locomotion (walk)... -Cursorial locomotion (run)... -Sa…
100 terms
Mammalogy Midterm
5 components of a mammal
three layers of hair
Pheomelanin
Eumelanin
1) hair/pelage... 2) mammary glands... 3) muscular diaphragm... 4) jaw…
1) medulla... 2) cortex... 3) cuticle scale
responsible for shades of red and yellow
shades of black and brown
5 components of a mammal
1) hair/pelage... 2) mammary glands... 3) muscular diaphragm... 4) jaw…
three layers of hair
1) medulla... 2) cortex... 3) cuticle scale
80 terms
Mammalogy final
What kind of feet do artiodactyla have?
What are the types of eutherian uteri?
What is happening to the moose populat…
What is the parasite that affects moose?
Paraxonic feet. Terrestrial artiodactyls have a paraxonic foo…
In the duplex uterus (A), there are 2 uteri and 2 cervixes. T…
The moose population has been decreasing since 1885. The stud…
Parelaphostrongylus tenuis is a nematode that naturally paras…
What kind of feet do artiodactyla have?
Paraxonic feet. Terrestrial artiodactyls have a paraxonic foo…
What are the types of eutherian uteri?
In the duplex uterus (A), there are 2 uteri and 2 cervixes. T…
Mammalogy: Echolocation
Echolocation
Types of Echolocation
Signal is described as...
Narrowband (CF)
Use of signals/echoe to locate/detect objects
Clicks from nasal passage (Whales/odonotocetes)... Signals from…
Time... Frequency... Intensity
Constant Frequency: long range, poor detail
Echolocation
Use of signals/echoe to locate/detect objects
Types of Echolocation
Clicks from nasal passage (Whales/odonotocetes)... Signals from…
63 terms
Mammalogy exam 1
What are 5 characteristics common to a…
What 5 characteristics are common to m…
What are the three types of mammals?
What is the muscle in fur that makes i…
1. Lactation- with prolactin and oxytocin... 2. Fur... 3. Skull Ana…
1. Placenta... 2. Heterodont teeth... 3. Endothermy... 4. "False palat…
1. Monotreme... 2. Metatherian... 3. Eutherian
Arrector pili muscle
What are 5 characteristics common to a…
1. Lactation- with prolactin and oxytocin... 2. Fur... 3. Skull Ana…
What 5 characteristics are common to m…
1. Placenta... 2. Heterodont teeth... 3. Endothermy... 4. "False palat…
53 terms
Mammalogy Lab 1
Hypsodont
Brachyodont
Lingual
Labial/Buccal
high crown teeth
low crown teeth
tongue side of teeth
cheek side of teeth
Hypsodont
high crown teeth
Brachyodont
low crown teeth
107 terms
Mammalogy Lab Terms
cervical vertebrae
atlas
axis
thoracic vertebrae
most anterior group or vertebrae; typically 7 in most mammals…
first cervical vertebrae; lacks a centrum
second cervical vertebrae; has anterior projection, the odont…
usually 12-15 in number; characterized by rib articulation fa…
cervical vertebrae
most anterior group or vertebrae; typically 7 in most mammals…
atlas
first cervical vertebrae; lacks a centrum
49 terms
Field Mammalogy
Didelphis virginiana
Sorex spp.
Blarina brevicauda
Condylura cristata
Virginia oppossum
shrews
short-tailed shrew
star-nosed mole
Didelphis virginiana
Virginia oppossum
Sorex spp.
shrews
77 terms
Mammalogy midterm lab 2
Class Mammalia ... Subclass Prototheria A…
Class Mammalia ... Subclass Prototheria A…
Class Mammalia... Subclass Theria ... Infrac…
Cass Mammalia... Subclass Theria ... Infracl…
Echidnas
Platypus
Opossums
Gliders, ring-tails, possums
Class Mammalia ... Subclass Prototheria A…
Echidnas
Class Mammalia ... Subclass Prototheria A…
Platypus
33 terms
Mammalogy Matching
Subclass Prototheria
Subclass Theria
Infraclass Metatheria
Infraclass Eutheria
Order Monotremata
Infraclass Metatheria... Infraclass Eutheria
Order Didelphimorphia... Order Paucituberculata... Order Microbioth…
Order Cingulata... Order Pilosa... Order Soricomporpha... Order Erinac…
Subclass Prototheria
Order Monotremata
Subclass Theria
Infraclass Metatheria... Infraclass Eutheria
429 terms
Mammalogy Terminology
abdomen
abdominal cavity
abstract
Acarina
In insects, the posterior or third major division of the body…
The largest body cavity. Its contents include most of the dig…
A brief, concise statement or set of statements summarizing t…
The order of arachnids that encompasses the chiggers, ticks,…
abdomen
In insects, the posterior or third major division of the body…
abdominal cavity
The largest body cavity. Its contents include most of the dig…
32 terms
Mammalogy Teeth
Edentate
Tribosphenic Molar
Tribosphenic Molar - Upper... upper molar…
Tribosphenic Molar - Lower ... lower mola…
- NO TEETH... - Montremes ... - growth of teeth but lost/reabsorbed…
- basic pattern ... - feature of early therian mammals ... - effici…
Trigon... - 3 major cusps... Metacone... Paracone... Protocone ... - 2 minor…
Trigonid + talonid = high cusp + low cusps ... - Trigonis... Metac…
Edentate
- NO TEETH... - Montremes ... - growth of teeth but lost/reabsorbed…
Tribosphenic Molar
- basic pattern ... - feature of early therian mammals ... - effici…
12 terms
Mammalogy: Echolocation
What is echolocation?
What are three terms used when describ…
FM (Broadband)
CM(Narrowband)
receiving and transmitting signals/echos to locate objects
time, intensity, frequency
short range but high detail
long range but poor detail
What is echolocation?
receiving and transmitting signals/echos to locate objects
What are three terms used when describ…
time, intensity, frequency
Mammalogy-Mammal List
Peromyscus leucopus
Microtus pennsylvanicus
Zabus huasonius
Epresicus fuscus
White-Footed Mouse
Meadow Vole
Meadow Jumping Mouse
Big Brown Bat
Peromyscus leucopus
White-Footed Mouse
Microtus pennsylvanicus
Meadow Vole
149 terms
Mammalogy Practical
Subclass of echidnas and platypus
Order of echidnas and platypus
Family of echidnas
Short-beaked echidna
Prototheria
Monotremata
Tachyglossidae
Tachyglossus aculeatu
Subclass of echidnas and platypus
Prototheria
Order of echidnas and platypus
Monotremata
Mammalogy Diseases
White Nose Syndrome
Capture Myopathy
Rabies
Anthrax
Fungus that grows on the face/nose of bats that irritate them…
Depression, muscle stiffness, and death in large hoofed mamma…
Very vicious or very lethargic warm blooded animals caused by…
fever, depression, weakness, and death caused by bacteria in…
White Nose Syndrome
Fungus that grows on the face/nose of bats that irritate them…
Capture Myopathy
Depression, muscle stiffness, and death in large hoofed mamma…
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