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Study sets matching "mammalogy"

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Study sets matching "mammalogy"

90 terms
Mammalogy Species
Didelphis virginiana
Dasypus novemcinctus
Homo sapiens
Lepus californicus
Virginia opossum
Nine-banded armadillo
Humans
Black-tailed jackrabbit
Didelphis virginiana
Virginia opossum
Dasypus novemcinctus
Nine-banded armadillo
11 terms
Mammalogy - Lagomorphs
Lagomorph
General Characteristics of Lagomorphs
3 types of Lagomorph tails
3 ear shapes in Lagomorphs
"Hare-like body"
1. Coprophagy... 2. Peg teeth... 3. Ever-growing, open-rooted incis…
1. Pikas: no tails... 2. Rabbits: scuts... 3. Hare: true tail
1. Pika: Short and circular ... 2. Rabbit: Medium... 3. Hare: Long…
Lagomorph
"Hare-like body"
General Characteristics of Lagomorphs
1. Coprophagy... 2. Peg teeth... 3. Ever-growing, open-rooted incis…
39 terms
Mammalogy Families
Didelphidae
Trichechidae
Dasypodidae
Hominidae
Opossums... [Order Didelphimorpha]
Manatees ... [Order Sirenia]
Armadillos ... [Order Cingulata]
Humans and Great Apes... [Order Primates]
Didelphidae
Opossums... [Order Didelphimorpha]
Trichechidae
Manatees ... [Order Sirenia]
11 terms
mammalogy 5
heart adaptations in mammals
mammalian RBC
Mammalian respiratory adaptations
role of nephron loop
4 chambers ... single aortic arch
lack nuclei... -increase Hemoglobin... camels exception
-aspiration pump (all tetrapoda)... -epiglottis... -diaphragmatic b…
-permits re-absorption
heart adaptations in mammals
4 chambers ... single aortic arch
mammalian RBC
lack nuclei... -increase Hemoglobin... camels exception
30 terms
Mammalogy orders
Monotremata
Didelphimorphia
Paucituberculata
Microbiotheria
Platypus and echidna
Opossums
Shrew or rat opossum
Montio del Monte
Monotremata
Platypus and echidna
Didelphimorphia
Opossums
34 terms
Mammalogy Orders
Class Mammalia
Order Monotremata
Order Didelphimorphia
Order Paucituberculata
-Endothermic... -Viviparous... -Hair... -Mammary Glands... -External ear,…
-Echnidas, duck billed platypus... -Oviparous... -Cloaca, one tract…
-Opossums... -Most generalized marsupials... -Skull with small brai…
-Shrew opossums or rat opossums... -Resemble shrews... -Feet unspec…
Class Mammalia
-Endothermic... -Viviparous... -Hair... -Mammary Glands... -External ear,…
Order Monotremata
-Echnidas, duck billed platypus... -Oviparous... -Cloaca, one tract…
68 terms
Mammalogy practical
Dental differences between reptiles an…
heterodont
homodont
diphyodont
mammals have heterodont diphyodont teeth with precise occlusi…
different types of specialized teeth
all teeth look the same, no real specialization
animal that only has two sets of teeth throughout its lifetime
Dental differences between reptiles an…
mammals have heterodont diphyodont teeth with precise occlusi…
heterodont
different types of specialized teeth
Mammalogy Teeth
labial (buccal)
lingual
anterior
posterior
side of tooth closest to lip
side of tooth closest to tounge
towards the front
towards the back
labial (buccal)
side of tooth closest to lip
lingual
side of tooth closest to tounge
34 terms
Mammalogy families
Didelphidae
Soricidae
Talpidae
Mormoopidae
-Small incisors, long rostrum, narrow brain case, prominent s…
-upper middle incisors elongated for capture of invert. Prey…
-front feet broadened for digging... -head and for limbs modifie…
-new world only... -aerial insectivorous... -long narrow wings for…
Didelphidae
-Small incisors, long rostrum, narrow brain case, prominent s…
Soricidae
-upper middle incisors elongated for capture of invert. Prey…
36 terms
Mammalogy - Chiroptera
Order: Bats
Family: Free-tailed bats
Family: New world leaf-nosed bats
Family: Common bats
Chiroptera
Molossidae
Phyllostomidae
Vespertilionidae
Order: Bats
Chiroptera
Family: Free-tailed bats
Molossidae
59 terms
Mammalogy - Artiodactyla
Artiodactyla
Paraxonic
General Artiodactyla characteristics
Cephalic Structures
Even-toed
Weight-bearing axis between the walking toes, 3rd and 4th dig…
1. Clavicle reduced or absent... 2. 1,2,5 digits reduced or abse…
1. Horns... 2. Antlers... 3. Pronghorn... 4. Ossicones
Artiodactyla
Even-toed
Paraxonic
Weight-bearing axis between the walking toes, 3rd and 4th dig…
22 terms
Mammalogy: Ungulates
Specialized cursorial adaptations
Nuchal ligament
Springing ligament
Ungulate orders are....
Galloping and breathing are synchronized... -movement of intesti…
-heavy band of elastin ... -helps support the head so muscles ar…
-helps w/ speed and power in running without using energy
Perissodactyls and Artiodactyls
Specialized cursorial adaptations
Galloping and breathing are synchronized... -movement of intesti…
Nuchal ligament
-heavy band of elastin ... -helps support the head so muscles ar…
15 terms
Mammalogy: Cetacea
Cetacea Adaptations To Water
Sub-Orders
Familes of Mysticeti
Balaenidae Characteristics
-Fusiform shape (blubber insulation, hairless, retractable pe…
Mysticeti... Odontoceti
Balaenidae... Balaenopteridae... Eschrichtiidae... Neobalaenidae
-Robust whales... -Long baleen plates... -No furrows on throat or c…
Cetacea Adaptations To Water
-Fusiform shape (blubber insulation, hairless, retractable pe…
Sub-Orders
Mysticeti... Odontoceti
64 terms
Mammalogy 1
Mark Catesby
Maximilian (Prinz von Wied-Neuwied)
Thomas Jefferson
George Ord
Carolina, Florida, and Bahamas; Southeastern N America... 1722-1…
Plains regions; Wildlife and Native Americans... 1832-1834
"Transactions of the American Philosophical Society" fossil m…
"N American Zoology" 1815... described species from L&C
Mark Catesby
Carolina, Florida, and Bahamas; Southeastern N America... 1722-1…
Maximilian (Prinz von Wied-Neuwied)
Plains regions; Wildlife and Native Americans... 1832-1834
26 terms
Mammalogy - Perissodactyla
Perissodactyla
Mesaxonic
Astragulus
General Perissodactyla characteristics
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
Ankle bone; deep groove shelters the fetlock joint tendon
1. Hindgut fermenters ... 2. Large cecum, large colon... 3. No bacu…
Perissodactyla
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Mesaxonic
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
20 terms
Mammalogy: Locomotion
Locomotion Types
Terrestrial Locomotion
Ambulatory Locomotion
Cursorial Locomotion
Terrestrial... Fossorial... Arboreal... Aerial... Aquatic
Ambulatory... Cursorial... Saltatorial
-Walking... -Plantigrade
-Running... -Length of limbs increase... -Loss/reduction of clavicl…
Locomotion Types
Terrestrial... Fossorial... Arboreal... Aerial... Aquatic
Terrestrial Locomotion
Ambulatory... Cursorial... Saltatorial
17 terms
Mammalogy: Cetacea
Adaptation to life in water: fusiform…
Adaptation to life in water:skeletal a…
Adaptation to life in water:skull adap…
Adaptation to life in water:swimming
-nearly hairless... -blubber insulation... -lack sebaceous glands (…
-lack clavicle... -collapsible ribs and lungs for deep depths... -f…
-skull bones are very shifted... -maxilla and premaxilla make up…
-Produced by tail flukes... • Powered by muscles in the tailstoc…
Adaptation to life in water: fusiform…
-nearly hairless... -blubber insulation... -lack sebaceous glands (…
Adaptation to life in water:skeletal a…
-lack clavicle... -collapsible ribs and lungs for deep depths... -f…
72 terms
Mammalogy - Lecture Exam III
What are the three basic types of repr…
How big are the eggs are ovulation in…
True or false: the ovaries of a monotr…
Why are the ovaries of a monotreme typ…
Monotreme type (Prototherian), Metatherian type (Marsupial),…
Large, 3-4 mm
false: they are quite larger
because the eggs are more 'yolky' than meta- and eutherians
What are the three basic types of repr…
Monotreme type (Prototherian), Metatherian type (Marsupial),…
How big are the eggs are ovulation in…
Large, 3-4 mm
Mammalogy General
Cynodont Characteristics (5)
3 Eras (Most to Least Recent)
11 Periods (Most to Least Recent)
Diagnostic characteristic of mammals
xTriscuspid and double rooted cheek teeth... xJaw structure & ma…
Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic
Quaternary, Tertiary, Cretaceous, Jurassic, Triassic, Permian…
Squamosal articulation of the jaw. Strong joint.
Cynodont Characteristics (5)
xTriscuspid and double rooted cheek teeth... xJaw structure & ma…
3 Eras (Most to Least Recent)
Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Paleozoic
Mammalogy Orders
Golden Moles and Tenrecs
Cat like and Dog like
Even toed mammals, including whales an…
Bats
Afrosoricida
Carnivora
Cetartiodactyla
Chiroptera
Golden Moles and Tenrecs
Afrosoricida
Cat like and Dog like
Carnivora
21 terms
mammalogy ungulates
Order Proboscidea... Family Elephantidae…
Order Hyracoidea... Family Procaviidae... Pr…
Order Sirenia... Family Trichechidae... Tric…
Order Perissodactyla... Family Equidae... Eq…
vampire incisors... no tail, long fur on ears
Order Proboscidea... Family Elephantidae…
Order Hyracoidea... Family Procaviidae... Pr…
vampire incisors... no tail, long fur on ears
147 terms
Mammalogy Orders
insectivora, talpidae
insectivora, talpidae
insectivora, talpidae
insectivora, soricidae
small 8-40cm, complete zygomatic arch, very small eyes, foref…
skull length approx: 3cm = 1.2in
skull length approx: 3cm = 1.2in
small 6-30cm, small eyes, no zygomatic arc, no auditory bulla…
insectivora, talpidae
small 8-40cm, complete zygomatic arch, very small eyes, foref…
insectivora, talpidae
skull length approx: 3cm = 1.2in
89 terms
Mammalogy SN
Canis latrans ... Carnivora Canidae ... Coyote
Urocyon cinereoargenteus... Carnivora Can…
Vulpes vulpes... Carnivora Canidae ... Red fox
Ursus americanus... Carnivora Ursidae ... Bl…
Canis latrans ... Carnivora Canidae ... Coyote
Urocyon cinereoargenteus... Carnivora Can…
53 terms
Mammalogy prac.
Rabbit
Pocket Gopher
Pocket mouse
Merriam's kagaroo rat... 4 toes
Rabbit
Pocket Gopher
77 terms
Mammalogy Lab Exam 3
Bovidae
Antilocapridae
Tayassuidae
Suidae
Bovidae
Antilocapridae
18 terms
Mammalogy insectivores
Subclass Theria Infraclass Eutheria Or…
Subclass Theria Infraclass Eutheria Or…
Subclass Theria Infraclass Eutheria Or…
Subclass Theria Infraclass Eutheria Or…
Subclass Theria Infraclass Eutheria Or…
Subclass Theria Infraclass Eutheria Or…
31 terms
Mammalogy Families
Galagonidae
Bradypodidae
Myrmecophagidae
Dasypodidae
Bushbabies
Three-toed sloth
Anteater
Armadillo
Galagonidae
Bushbabies
Bradypodidae
Three-toed sloth
89 terms
Mammalogy Practical
Diurnal
Nocturnal
Crepuscular
Cathemeral
active during the daylight hours
active during nighttime hours
active around sunrise and sunset
active throughout the day
Diurnal
active during the daylight hours
Nocturnal
active during nighttime hours
16 terms
mammalogy 1
reasons to study mammals
how are mammals important to our survi…
potential environmental impacts
applications for our health
we are mammals... important for our survival ... domestication has…
food, tools, protection, clothing, warmth & decor... companion a…
alterations of trophic pyramids from removal... damage to native…
drug effects... understanding disease progression and effect... stu…
reasons to study mammals
we are mammals... important for our survival ... domestication has…
how are mammals important to our survi…
food, tools, protection, clothing, warmth & decor... companion a…
30 terms
mammalogy carnivores
Order Carnivora... Suborder Caniformia... Fa…
Order Carnivora... Suborder Caniformia... Fa…
Order Carnivora... Suborder Caniformia... Fa…
Order Carnivora... Suborder Caniformia... Fa…
Order Carnivora... Suborder Caniformia... Fa…
Order Carnivora... Suborder Caniformia... Fa…
32 terms
mammalogy 3
roles of mammalian skin
layers of mammalian skin
roles of hypodermis
melanophores
prevents and permits heat and water loss
epidermis... dermis... hypodermis
-energy storage... -heat and water source... -thermal insulation (w…
produce melanin:... absorbs UV radiation
roles of mammalian skin
prevents and permits heat and water loss
layers of mammalian skin
epidermis... dermis... hypodermis
33 terms
mammalogy 8
trends in mammalian skeletal evolution
how has the skeleton become more simpl…
increased axial flexibility
2 regions of long bones
more simplified and ossified increased axial flexibility
reduction in overall number of bones... increased ossification…
permits a greater range of motion... aids in rapid locomotion
diaphysis (shaft)... epiphysis (heads)
trends in mammalian skeletal evolution
more simplified and ossified increased axial flexibility
how has the skeleton become more simpl…
reduction in overall number of bones... increased ossification…
19 terms
Mammalogy Orders
Monotremata
Didelphimorphia
Diprotodontia
Tenrecoidea
egg layers
Opposum
Kangaroos, wallabies, koala, and wombat
Tenrecs
Monotremata
egg layers
Didelphimorphia
Opposum
66 terms
mammalogy primates
a primate is
Order Primates
non- human primates can be found
how many species are found in order Pr…
any member of the biological order Primates
is the group that contains all the species commonly related t…
in Central and South America, Africa, and South Asia, includi…
300 species
a primate is
any member of the biological order Primates
Order Primates
is the group that contains all the species commonly related t…
51 terms
Mammalogy Retake
outgroup
synapomorphies
ultradian
scansorial
same common ancestor but not related to any of the other groups
shared derived character or trait state that distinguishes a…
A recurrent period or cycle repeated throughout less than a 2…
Adapted/specialized for climbing
outgroup
same common ancestor but not related to any of the other groups
synapomorphies
shared derived character or trait state that distinguishes a…
220 terms
Mammalogy Lab Exam 2
Order: Lagomorpha (WW ex AU)... Family: L…
Order: Lagomorpha (WW ex AU)... Family: L…
Order: Lagomorpha (WW ex AU)... Family: L…
Order: Lagomorpha (WW ex AU)... Family: O…
Order: Lagomorpha (WW ex AU)... Family: L…
Order: Lagomorpha (WW ex AU)... Family: L…
13 terms
Mammalogy: Bats
Order
Order Characteristics
Flying adaptations
Families of Chiroptera
Chiroptera
-Only mammals with true flight... -Echolocation... -2nd largest mam…
-Energetically expensive... -Largest hearts and lungs relative t…
Pteropodidae... Craseonycteridae... Megadermatidae... Hipposideridae... N…
Order
Chiroptera
Order Characteristics
-Only mammals with true flight... -Echolocation... -2nd largest mam…
26 terms
Mammalogy - Perissodactyla
Perissodactyla
Mesaxonic
Astragulus
General Perissodactyla characteristics
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
Ankle bone; deep groove shelters the fetlock joint tendon
1. Hindgut fermenters ... 2. Large cecum, large colon... 3. No bacu…
Perissodactyla
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Mesaxonic
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
30 terms
Mammalogy - Perissodactyla
Perissodactyla
Mesaxonic
Astragulus
General Perissodactyla characteristics
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
Ankle bone; deep groove shelters the fetlock joint tendon
1. Hindgut fermenters ... 2. Large cecum, large colon... 3. No bacu…
Perissodactyla
"Odd Toed" - reference both to unusual and to number
Mesaxonic
Weight-bearing axis passes through 3rd digit of the foot (met…
37 terms
Mammalogy - Subungulates
3 Subungulate Orders (?)
6 morphological characteristics of Sub…
Elephantidae
General elephantidae characteristics
1. Sirenia... 2. Hyracoidea... 3. Proboscidea
1. No clavicles ... 2. 4 toes on forefeet (except 1 elephant spe…
Elephants
1. Herbivores with seasonal diet... 2. Close ties to water... 3. In…
3 Subungulate Orders (?)
1. Sirenia... 2. Hyracoidea... 3. Proboscidea
6 morphological characteristics of Sub…
1. No clavicles ... 2. 4 toes on forefeet (except 1 elephant spe…
11 terms
Mammalogy species
Tachyglossus aculeatus
Ornithorhynchus anatinus
Didelphis virginiana
Isoodon obesulus
Short-beaked echidna
Duckbilled platypus
Virginia Opossum
Southern brown bandicoot
Tachyglossus aculeatus
Short-beaked echidna
Ornithorhynchus anatinus
Duckbilled platypus
21 terms
Mammalogy: Ungulates
Ungulate Adaptations
Orders of Ungulates
Perissodactyla Characteristics
Artiodactyla Characteristics
-Pneumatic Stabilization: stabilizes shoulder and chest to al…
Perissodactyla... Artiodactyla
-Mesaxonic: axis of symmetry passes through 3rd digit... -Hypsod…
-Paraxonic: axis of symmetry passes between 3rd and 4th digit…
Ungulate Adaptations
-Pneumatic Stabilization: stabilizes shoulder and chest to al…
Orders of Ungulates
Perissodactyla... Artiodactyla
24 terms
Mammalogy:Locomotion
5 types of locomotion
Terrestrial locomotion
Ambulatory locomotion
Cursorial locomotion
• Terrestrial Locomotion... • Fossorial Locomotion... • Arboreal Lo…
-Ambulatory locomotion (walk)... -Cursorial locomotion (run)... -Sa…
-walking... -primitive condition... -unmodified meta carpals and me…
-running... -length of limbs increase... -loss or reduction of clav…
5 types of locomotion
• Terrestrial Locomotion... • Fossorial Locomotion... • Arboreal Lo…
Terrestrial locomotion
-Ambulatory locomotion (walk)... -Cursorial locomotion (run)... -Sa…
29 terms
Mammalogy Orders
Monotremata
Didelphimorphia
Paucituberculata
Microbiotheria
[5 species]... echidnas, spiny anteaters, duck-billed platypus
[89 species]... opossums
[6 species]... rat opossums or shrew opossums
[1 species]... monito del monte or "little mountain monkey"... 28 g…
Monotremata
[5 species]... echidnas, spiny anteaters, duck-billed platypus
Didelphimorphia
[89 species]... opossums
13 terms
Mammalogy #2
Beaver
Woodchuck
Pronghorn antelope
Porcupine
Castor canadensis
Marmota monax
Atilocapra americana
Erethizon dorsatum
Beaver
Castor canadensis
Woodchuck
Marmota monax
14 terms
Mammalogy: Echolocation
Echolocation
Types of Echolocation
Signal is described as...
Narrowband (CF)
Use of signals/echoe to locate/detect objects
Clicks from nasal passage (Whales/odonotocetes)... Signals from…
Time... Frequency... Intensity
Constant Frequency: long range, poor detail
Echolocation
Use of signals/echoe to locate/detect objects
Types of Echolocation
Clicks from nasal passage (Whales/odonotocetes)... Signals from…
18 terms
Mammalogy - Edentata
Edentata
Myrmecophagy
Adaptations of Myrmecophagy
Megalonychidae
Sloths, armadillo, anteaters; "Without Teeth"
Eating ants, termites, etc.
1. Long snouts... 2. Long, powerful, sticky tongue ... 3. Dentition…
Two-Toed Sloth; "large claw"
Edentata
Sloths, armadillo, anteaters; "Without Teeth"
Myrmecophagy
Eating ants, termites, etc.
27 terms
Mammalogy Orders
Monotremata
Chiroptera
Megachiroptera
Microchiroptera
SO
SO
Monotremata
Chiroptera
26 terms
Mammalogy Rodentia Lab ID #3
Castor canadensis
Reithrodontomys humulis
Reithrodontomys flvescens
Oryzomys palustris
American Beaver
Eastern Harvest Mouse
Fulvous Harvest Mouse
Marsh Rice Rat
Castor canadensis
American Beaver
Reithrodontomys humulis
Eastern Harvest Mouse
111 terms
Mammalogy taxonomy
Echidna
Platypus
Virginia Opossum
Kangaroo/Wallaby
Kindom: Animalia... Phylum: Chordata... Class: Mammalia... Subclass: P…
Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Chordata... Class: Mammalia... Subclass:…
Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Chordata... Class: Mammalia... Subclass:…
Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Chordata... Class: Mammalia... Subclass:…
Echidna
Kindom: Animalia... Phylum: Chordata... Class: Mammalia... Subclass: P…
Platypus
Kingdom: Animalia... Phylum: Chordata... Class: Mammalia... Subclass:…
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