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Study sets matching "marine biology 6"

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Study sets matching "marine biology 6"

119 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6
What is smallest unit of matter?
3 parts of an atom
examples of elements
How many known elements are there?
atom
proton, neutron, electron
hydrogen (H), carbon (C), oxygen (O), calcium (Ca), Nitrogen…
100
What is smallest unit of matter?
atom
3 parts of an atom
proton, neutron, electron
10 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 5 & 6
Archaea
Prokaryotic Metabolism
Diatoms
Dinoflagelates
Halophile, Thermoplastics, Methanogens
Autotrophic, Heterothos, Nitrogen Fixation
Archaea
Halophile, Thermoplastics, Methanogens
Prokaryotic Metabolism
Autotrophic, Heterothos, Nitrogen Fixation
43 terms
Cycle 6 Marine Biology
How marine Phytoplankton Phyla are det…
Cyanophyta (Cyanobacteria)
Chrysophyta (golden-brown algae)
Diatom shapes
Accessory pigments and how they store sugar.
Live in areas with few nutrients such as the open ocean or eq…
Cell walls make of silica called frustules. Common in coastal…
Centric (circular/triangular/squarish), chain (several cells…
How marine Phytoplankton Phyla are det…
Accessory pigments and how they store sugar.
Cyanophyta (Cyanobacteria)
Live in areas with few nutrients such as the open ocean or eq…
50 terms
Marine Biology - 6
viruses
have no metabolism.
is specific for bacteria
10 to 400 nm.
The most abundant microbes in the marine environment are:
Viruses are not considered "living" by some biologists becaus…
A phage:
Virus size is:
viruses
The most abundant microbes in the marine environment are:
have no metabolism.
Viruses are not considered "living" by some biologists becaus…
Marine Biology - Chapter 6
viruses
have no metabolism.
is specific for bacteria
10 to 400 nm.
The most abundant microbes in the marine environment are:
Viruses are not considered "living" by some biologists becaus…
A phage:
Virus size is:
viruses
The most abundant microbes in the marine environment are:
have no metabolism.
Viruses are not considered "living" by some biologists becaus…
9 terms
Marine Biology Vocabulary 6
Bilateral Symmetry
Anterior
Posterior
Dorsal
Body organization that can be divided into two parts that are…
Front
Back
Refers to the back of the organ or body
Bilateral Symmetry
Body organization that can be divided into two parts that are…
Anterior
Front
11 terms
Apologia Marine Biology Module 6
Anadromous
Catadromous
Chromatophores
Demersal
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, m…
Referring to fishes that migrate from fresh water to the ocea…
Surface pigment cells that expand and contract to produce var…
Fishes that live on the bottom of the ocean (134)
Anadromous
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, m…
Catadromous
Referring to fishes that migrate from fresh water to the ocea…
44 terms
Marine Biology [ Ch. 6 ]
The two major cell types in a sponge's…
Sponges feed by drawing water into the…
Sponges reproduce
Sponge larvae are more animal-like tha…
B. collar cells and amoebocytes
B. false
A. by breaking off buds - asexually ... B. sexually by producing…
B. they're free- swimming organisms
The two major cell types in a sponge's…
B. collar cells and amoebocytes
Sponges feed by drawing water into the…
B. false
95 terms
Marine Biology 1-6
Who is considered the first scientific…
What is Anaximander known for?
who is the father of biology?
What did Aristotle do?
Anaximander
He observed and tried to explain the universe and its origins…
Aristotle
Developed ladder of life, attempted to classify organisms, fi…
Who is considered the first scientific…
Anaximander
What is Anaximander known for?
He observed and tried to explain the universe and its origins…
46 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6 Seaweeds and Plants
macroalgae
thallus
blade
stipe
- also known as seaweeds or macrophytes... - important primary p…
- body of a macroalgae... - can be simple or more advanced in it…
leaf-like structures
stem-like structures
macroalgae
- also known as seaweeds or macrophytes... - important primary p…
thallus
- body of a macroalgae... - can be simple or more advanced in it…
11 terms
Apologia Marine Biology Module 6
Anadromous
Catadromous
Chromatophores
Demersal
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, m…
Referring to fishes that migrate from fresh water to the ocea…
Surface pigment cells that expand and contract to produce var…
Fishes that live on the bottom of the ocean (134)
Anadromous
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, m…
Catadromous
Referring to fishes that migrate from fresh water to the ocea…
31 terms
Marine Biology
mutualism
commensalism
parasitism
symbiosis
symbiotic relationship that benefits both organisms ex. yucca…
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
definition: interaction between 2 different organisms living…
mutualism
symbiotic relationship that benefits both organisms ex. yucca…
commensalism
symbiotic relationship that benefits 1 organism and the other…
11 terms
Marine Biology Module 6
Anadromous
Demersal
Chromatophores
Myomeres
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, m…
Fishes that live on the bottom of the ocean
Surface pigment cells that expand and contract to produce var…
Bands of muscle along the sides of fishes used for locomotion
Anadromous
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, m…
Demersal
Fishes that live on the bottom of the ocean
14 terms
Marine Biology Week 6
ostia
spongocoel
collar cells
pinacocytes
In the Phylum Porifera, these are the pores on the side of th…
In the Phylum Porifera - this is the center chamber inside of…
In the Phylum Porifera - these are cells found inside the spo…
In the Phylum Porifera - these are cells that serve as "skin"…
ostia
In the Phylum Porifera, these are the pores on the side of th…
spongocoel
In the Phylum Porifera - this is the center chamber inside of…
36 terms
Marine Biology Mod. 6
Anadromous
Demersal
Chromatophores
Myomeres
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, m…
Fish that live on the bottom of the ocean
Surface pigment cells that expand and contract to produce var…
Band of muscle along the sides of fishes used for locomotion
Anadromous
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, m…
Demersal
Fish that live on the bottom of the ocean
73 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6
Atoms
Electrons
Protons
Neutrons
the building blocks of matter
negatively charged particles found around the nucleus
Positively charged particles in the nucleus with no charge
Particles with no charge found in the nucleus
Atoms
the building blocks of matter
Electrons
negatively charged particles found around the nucleus
25 terms
Marine Biology Ch 6 Vocab
proton
neutron
electron
element
postiviely charged particle in an atom's nucleus
particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus
negatively charged particle that occupies the space around an…
pure substance composed of only 1 type of atom; ... cannot be br…
proton
postiviely charged particle in an atom's nucleus
neutron
particle without a charge in an atom's nucleus
22 terms
Marine Biology Unit 6
Demersal
Chromatophores
Hermaphroditism
oviparous
fish that live on the bottom of the ocean
surface pigment cells that expand and contract to produce var…
the animal has the reproductive organs of both sexes
eggs hatch outside the female's body
Demersal
fish that live on the bottom of the ocean
Chromatophores
surface pigment cells that expand and contract to produce var…
40 terms
Chapter 6 marine biology
What do multicellular algae lack?
General structure includes what
Thallus
Blade
Lack specialized reproductive structures like terrestrial pla…
Thallus ... Blade ... Holdfast ... Stipe... Pneumatocyst
The complete body of alga
The leaf-like, flattened portion of a thallus
What do multicellular algae lack?
Lack specialized reproductive structures like terrestrial pla…
General structure includes what
Thallus ... Blade ... Holdfast ... Stipe... Pneumatocyst
30 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6
Nutrition
what are the basic nutrients needed by…
Metabolism
Heterotrophic Nutrition
the process by which organisms use food to perform their life…
starches, proteins, fats, minerals, vitamins and water
the process by which animals break down and utilize these nut…
the consumption of food by organisms
Nutrition
the process by which organisms use food to perform their life…
what are the basic nutrients needed by…
starches, proteins, fats, minerals, vitamins and water
11 terms
Group 6 Marine Biology
Titanic sinking
Panama Canal
The first pearl culture
WW1
Lead to scientists to find a way to use sound to direct objec…
Connects the Atlantic ocean to the Pacific Ocean
Started by the University of Tokyo to make more oyster
Ocean research pro games to find enemy submarines
Titanic sinking
Lead to scientists to find a way to use sound to direct objec…
Panama Canal
Connects the Atlantic ocean to the Pacific Ocean
25 terms
Marine Biology Ch. 6
seaweeds
macrophytes
thallus
pneumatocysts
any plant or plants growing in the ocean.... a marine alga.
a plant, especially a marine plant, large enough to be visibl…
a simple vegetative body undifferentiated into true leaves, s…
the cavity of a pneumatophore.
seaweeds
any plant or plants growing in the ocean.... a marine alga.
macrophytes
a plant, especially a marine plant, large enough to be visibl…
Marine Biology Unit 6
Order Cetacea
Mysticetes
Odontocetes
Adaptations for Diving
1. This order includes whales, dolphins and porpoises.... 2. For…
1. Baleen whales are filter feeders. ... 2. They take in huge mo…
1. Toothed whales are named for their simple, peg-like teeth.…
1. Rapid breathing prior to dive -known as apneustic breathin…
Order Cetacea
1. This order includes whales, dolphins and porpoises.... 2. For…
Mysticetes
1. Baleen whales are filter feeders. ... 2. They take in huge mo…
11 terms
Marine Biology ch. 6
Autotroph
Benthic plants
Pelagic plants
Primary production
Make its own food
Are easily measured by their standing crop, material alive at…
Open ocean
The biological process of creating high energy organic materi…
Autotroph
Make its own food
Benthic plants
Are easily measured by their standing crop, material alive at…
78 terms
6 Marine Biology
Mollusk
Worms
Sponge
Abyssal zone
軟體動物門
蠕蟲
海綿
深海區
Mollusk
軟體動物門
Worms
蠕蟲
77 terms
Marine Biology Gr. 6
why coral reefs are important
how do coral reefs protect coastal areas
reasons coral reefs are in danger
how much of the world's coral reefs wi…
million of tourists visit, help protect coastal areas, import…
they absorb the force of the waves
overfishing, pollution, dredging
58 percent
why coral reefs are important
million of tourists visit, help protect coastal areas, import…
how do coral reefs protect coastal areas
they absorb the force of the waves
27 terms
SMS6: Marine Biology
Dermal denticles
Lateral line
Ampullae of Lorenzini
Apex predator
Teeth like skin, takes the place of scales on Sharks, feels l…
Allows fish to sense vibration in the water
Special sensory cells along the nose of the shark to allow it…
Sits at the top of the food chain with little to no predators…
Dermal denticles
Teeth like skin, takes the place of scales on Sharks, feels l…
Lateral line
Allows fish to sense vibration in the water
23 terms
marine biology chapter 6
what is the most abundant microbe in t…
What do viruses lack that prevents the…
How large are viruses?
How do viruses replicate?
virus
Cells and the ability to perform reproduction without a host
20-400 nanometers
Injects its genetic material into a host cell and "hijacks" t…
what is the most abundant microbe in t…
virus
What do viruses lack that prevents the…
Cells and the ability to perform reproduction without a host
5 terms
Module 6 marine biology
Demersal
Chromatophores
Hermaphroditism
Oviparous
Fishes that live on the bottom of the ocean
Surface pigment cells that expand and contract to produce var…
A situation in which an animal has the reproductive organs of…
A type of development in which eggs are hatched outside a fem…
Demersal
Fishes that live on the bottom of the ocean
Chromatophores
Surface pigment cells that expand and contract to produce var…
11 terms
Marine Biology module 6
Anadromous
Demersal
Chromatophores
Myomeres
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, n…
Fishes that live on the bottom of the ocean
Surface pigment cells that expand and contract to produce var…
Bands of muscle along the sides of fishes used for locomotion
Anadromous
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, n…
Demersal
Fishes that live on the bottom of the ocean
71 terms
Chapter 6 Marine Biology
seaweed
brackish
true
macroalgae
the largest and most complex marine algae
type of water that is a mix of fresh and saltwater
(true/false) some species of algae can tolerate moving from s…
multicellular algae
seaweed
the largest and most complex marine algae
brackish
type of water that is a mix of fresh and saltwater
25 terms
Chapter 6 Marine Biology
Seaweeds
Macrophytes
Macroalgae
Thallus
A type of marine algae
an aquatic plant that grows in or near water and is either em…
Seaweed refers to several species of macroscopic, multicellul…
a plant body that is not differentiated into stem and leaves…
Seaweeds
A type of marine algae
Macrophytes
an aquatic plant that grows in or near water and is either em…
11 terms
Unit 6 Vocabulary - Marine Biology
Molluscs
Mantle
Radula
Chitin
A soft-bodied animal characterized by a muscular foot, mantle…
A thin layer of tissue that secrets the shell
a ribbon of small teeth used to feed by rasping food from sur…
a highly resistant carbohydrate also found in other invertebr…
Molluscs
A soft-bodied animal characterized by a muscular foot, mantle…
Mantle
A thin layer of tissue that secrets the shell
33 terms
marine biology unit 6
annelid
polychaetes
swarming
nematode
a segmented worm that belongs to the phylum Annelida
a type of annelid worm belonging to the class Polychaeata
a behavior exhibited by some errant polychaete in which the m…
a round, wormlike animal that belongs to the phylum Nematoda
annelid
a segmented worm that belongs to the phylum Annelida
polychaetes
a type of annelid worm belonging to the class Polychaeata
68 terms
Chapter 6 marine biology
Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins
Hydrolysis
Proteins
Lipids
Organic
Breaking down complex molecules by the chemical addition of w…
Enzymes are
High energy molecules
Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins
Organic
Hydrolysis
Breaking down complex molecules by the chemical addition of w…
47 terms
Marine Biology: Chapter 6
Reproduction
Sex
Dispersal
Migration
Replication of individuals and is necessary for population gr…
Combining genetic materials from different types, known as se…
Spread of organisms, usually progeny, from one location to an…
A directed movement of an organism between specific areas.
Reproduction
Replication of individuals and is necessary for population gr…
Sex
Combining genetic materials from different types, known as se…
30 terms
Marine Biology 6
Autotrophs
Two kinds of autotrophs
What are benthic plants
What is standing crop
Make their own food
Benthic and pelagic plants
Sea grasses, constitute 5-10%, easily measured by their stand…
How much material is alive at any one time
Autotrophs
Make their own food
Two kinds of autotrophs
Benthic and pelagic plants
20 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6
Sponges Phylum
Five Anatomical Features of Sponges
Reproduction of Sponges
Five Structures found in the Segmented…
Proifera
-collar cells ... -epithelium... -amoebocytes... -oscula ... -symbiodinium
Asexual - no fusion of male and female sex cells... Sexual - tak…
The Brain... The Anus... The mouth... The hearts ... The Nerve Cord
Sponges Phylum
Proifera
Five Anatomical Features of Sponges
-collar cells ... -epithelium... -amoebocytes... -oscula ... -symbiodinium
70 terms
Marine biology unit 6
Sea Turtles
Sea snakes
Saltwater crocodile
Birds
class Reptilia
class Reptilia
class Reptilia
class Aves
Sea Turtles
class Reptilia
Sea snakes
class Reptilia
11 terms
Marine Biology Module 6
anadromous
demersal
chromatophores
myomeres
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, m…
Fishes that live on the bottom of the ocean.
Surface pigment cells that expand and contract to produce var…
Bands of muscle along the sides of fishes used for locomotion.
anadromous
A life cycle in which creatures are hatched in fresh water, m…
demersal
Fishes that live on the bottom of the ocean.
24 terms
Marine Biology ch 6
Thallus
Holdfast
Pneumatocyst
Blade
an individual "plant"
attachment structure (not involved in significant absorption…
floats to elevate blades (maximize exposure to sunlight)
broad photosynthetic surface (leaves, no veins identical sides)
Thallus
an individual "plant"
Holdfast
attachment structure (not involved in significant absorption…
33 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6
Glucose
Enzymes
Lipids
Proteins
...
...
...
...
Glucose
...
Enzymes
...
13 terms
chapter 6 marine biology
saving
interest
passbook savings account
statement savings account
setting aside income for a period of time so that it can be u…
payment people receive when they lend money or allow someone…
account for which a depositor receives a booklet in which dep…
account similar to a passbook savings account except that the…
saving
setting aside income for a period of time so that it can be u…
interest
payment people receive when they lend money or allow someone…
100 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6
What are the building blocks of matter?
Positively charged particles
Negatively charged particles
Neutrally (no charge) charged particles
Atoms
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
What are the building blocks of matter?
Atoms
Positively charged particles
Protons
44 terms
Marine Biology Unit 6
schooling
territoriality
behaviors in fish
reproduction in fish
makes it possible for a group of smaller fish to appear much…
some fish are very territorial by nature all the time; some a…
some species migrate between freshwater and saltwater at diff…
sex hormones control the development of sperm and eggs in fis…
schooling
makes it possible for a group of smaller fish to appear much…
territoriality
some fish are very territorial by nature all the time; some a…
14 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6
Multicellular Algae (Seaweeds)
What supplies food and shelter for man…
Seaweeds typically consist of a _____…
Red Algae
mostly benthic organisms that are divided into three major gr…
Marine algae
thallus, holdfast, they lack true leaves, stems, or roots
characterized by their red pigment masking their chlorophyll.…
Multicellular Algae (Seaweeds)
mostly benthic organisms that are divided into three major gr…
What supplies food and shelter for man…
Marine algae
25 terms
Chatpter 6 Vocab (Marine Biology)
Seaweeds
Macrophytes
Thallus
Blades
The most familiar types of marine algae
The formal term for seaweed
The complete body of a seaweed. Can be filament, a thin leafy…
The leaf-like, flattened portions of the thallus
Seaweeds
The most familiar types of marine algae
Macrophytes
The formal term for seaweed
25 terms
Marine Biology Chapter 6
Bacteria belongs to what kingdom?
Bacteria general characteristics?
Bacteria produces by?
What is the process of making food (gl…
Prokaryotae
Cell wall composed of polysaccharides that surround the cell…
Binary Fission
Chemosynthesis
Bacteria belongs to what kingdom?
Prokaryotae
Bacteria general characteristics?
Cell wall composed of polysaccharides that surround the cell…
20 terms
Marine Biology Test 6
What domain, kingdom, and phylum are s…
What are the three types of cells that…
What are the choanocytes?
What is the epithelium?
Eukarya, animal, porifera
Collar cells (choanocytes), epithelium (ectoderm), and amoebo…
Waft water with food particles into sponge's epithelium
Protects the sponge's outer surface. Has pores for water entr…
What domain, kingdom, and phylum are s…
Eukarya, animal, porifera
What are the three types of cells that…
Collar cells (choanocytes), epithelium (ectoderm), and amoebo…
37 terms
Marine biology unit 6
What is a benthic organism?
What is the Epipelagic zone?
What is the intertidal zone?
What is the subtidal zone?
Live in or near the bottom features
Where there is a lot of sunlight
The area between the mean low tide and between high tide
Is the area that is always submerged
What is a benthic organism?
Live in or near the bottom features
What is the Epipelagic zone?
Where there is a lot of sunlight
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