Study sets matching "marine ecosystems"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "marine ecosystems"

44 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
Energy is recycled back into the ocean.
They must be able to eat whatever swim…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
What role do whale falls play in the ocean community?
Fish in the deep sea tend to have large mouths and sharp teet…
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
Marine Ecosystems
estuary
marine ecosystem
upwelling
photosynthesis
place where freshwater from rivers meet and mixes with salt w…
any ecosystem that is part of the Ocean and has salt in the w…
is the movement of cold nutrient rich water from deep layers…
the process by which the cells of plants and some other organ…
estuary
place where freshwater from rivers meet and mixes with salt w…
marine ecosystem
any ecosystem that is part of the Ocean and has salt in the w…
16 terms
Marine Ecosystems
marine
marine ecosystem
phytoplankton
zooplankton
relating to the sea and the creatures that live there
an ecosystem that is based on salt water
microscopic photosynthetic organisms that float near the surf…
small animals that feed on phytoplankton, form the base of th…
marine
relating to the sea and the creatures that live there
marine ecosystem
an ecosystem that is based on salt water
44 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
Energy is recycled back into the ocean.
They must be able to eat whatever swim…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
What role do whale falls play in the ocean community?
Fish in the deep sea tend to have large mouths and sharp teet…
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
6 terms
Marine Ecosystems
marine ecosystems
plankton
The Intertidal Zone
The Neritic Zone
ecosystems in the ocean
tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water.
the place where ocean meets the land.
The water becomes deeper and the ocean floor starts to slope…
marine ecosystems
ecosystems in the ocean
plankton
tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water.
16 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal zones
Heterotrophs
Estuaries
Coral reefs
periodically submerged/exposed; organisms stratified by toler…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
transition area river/sea; water column often stratified; sal…
Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) skeleton of coral animals; mostly t…
Intertidal zones
periodically submerged/exposed; organisms stratified by toler…
Heterotrophs
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
Marine Ecosystems
estuary
marine ecosystem
upwelling
photosynthesis
place where freshwater from rivers meet and mixes with salt w…
is an ocean environment that supports all life on Earth
is the movement of cold nutrient rich water from deep layers…
the process by which the cells of plants and some other organ…
estuary
place where freshwater from rivers meet and mixes with salt w…
marine ecosystem
is an ocean environment that supports all life on Earth
12 terms
Marine Ecosystems
ecosystem
conservation
biotic
abiotic
Abiotic and biotic factors in a community
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
Living
Non-living
ecosystem
Abiotic and biotic factors in a community
conservation
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
66 terms
Marine Science - marine ecosystems
pelagic
neritic
benthic
coral reef
The area of the ocean past the continental shelf, with areas…
Area of ocean that extends from the low-tide line out to the…
The bottom of any aquatic ecosystem
A structure of calcite skeletons built up by coral animals in…
pelagic
The area of the ocean past the continental shelf, with areas…
neritic
Area of ocean that extends from the low-tide line out to the…
15 terms
marine ecosystems
This zone has the warmest temperature
The Intertidal zone, The neritic zone,…
Intertidal zone
The neritic zone
The Surface Zone
Name the four ocean zones.
Where the ocean meets the land
What ocean zone has warm water and sunlight
This zone has the warmest temperature
The Surface Zone
The Intertidal zone, The neritic zone,…
Name the four ocean zones.
8 terms
Marine ecosystems
Open ocean
Coral reef
Kelp forest
Mangrove forest
Enviorment far from landforms with plenty of light and witer…
Warm shallow environments; built from sea floor; rich diversi…
Sunny environment with defense fast growing seaweed
Environment with warm temperatures; tree roots are covered du…
Open ocean
Enviorment far from landforms with plenty of light and witer…
Coral reef
Warm shallow environments; built from sea floor; rich diversi…
25 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal Zone
Neritic Zone
Oceanic Zone
Abyssal Plain
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
The region of water lying over deep areas beyond the continen…
The vast flat lands beyond the continental shelf that cover a…
Intertidal Zone
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
Neritic Zone
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
Marine Ecosystems
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
chemosynthetic bacteria
Energy is recycled back into the ocean…
They must be able to eat whatever swim…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
What role do whale falls play in the ocean community?
Fish in the deep sea tend to have large mouths and sharp teet…
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
chemosynthetic bacteria
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
Marine Ecosystems
overfishing
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
ecosystem
biodiversity
Fishing too much of one species that it is close to extinction.
The zone/area of water that a country has control and governa…
A community of biotic factors and abiotic factors that functi…
The range of species and land/seascapes found in a certain area
overfishing
Fishing too much of one species that it is close to extinction.
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
The zone/area of water that a country has control and governa…
10 terms
marine ecosystems
littoral zone
benthic zone
eutrophic lake
phytoplankton
shallow area close to the shores of lakes and ponds, full of…
bottom of a body of water, inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
lake with a large amount of plant nutrients
photosynthetic organisms that dominate the open water,
littoral zone
shallow area close to the shores of lakes and ponds, full of…
benthic zone
bottom of a body of water, inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
9 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Over Fishing
Food Chain Pyramid
Plankton
Whale
has become a serious problem and has often ... featured on the N…
The width of each layer represents the number of organisms ... p…
Microscopic creatures that whales eat and are the base of the…
Is the biggest predator of the big blue sea that is a mammal.
Over Fishing
has become a serious problem and has often ... featured on the N…
Food Chain Pyramid
The width of each layer represents the number of organisms ... p…
Marine Ecosystems
Keystone Species
Natural Selection
Selective Pressure
Stabilizing Pressure
A species that plays a critical role in maintaining an ecolog…
A process whereby organisms better adapted to their environme…
Any cause for differing rates of survival and reproduction
A type of selective pressure where organisms with the most av…
Keystone Species
A species that plays a critical role in maintaining an ecolog…
Natural Selection
A process whereby organisms better adapted to their environme…
Marine Ecosystems
intertidal zone
neritic zone
bathyal zone
abyssal zone
shoreline area between high and low tides. Contains tidal pools
second closest area to shore. May be very shallow in some pla…
extends from neritic zone to ocean bottom. This zone ranges f…
deepest zone. No sunlight reaches this zone, so no photosynth…
intertidal zone
shoreline area between high and low tides. Contains tidal pools
neritic zone
second closest area to shore. May be very shallow in some pla…
49 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Diatoms
Dinoflagellates
Coccolithophores
Prochlorococcus
Plankton... Pelagic... Neritic... Autotrophic... Open Ocean
Autotrophic... Plankton... Benthic... Motile... Open Ocean
Plankton... Open ocean... Autotrophic... Pelagic... Neritic
Open Ocean... Plankton... Autotrophic... Pelagic... Neritic
Diatoms
Plankton... Pelagic... Neritic... Autotrophic... Open Ocean
Dinoflagellates
Autotrophic... Plankton... Benthic... Motile... Open Ocean
14 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Marine ecosystem
Phytoplankton
Zooplankton
Intertidal zone
Ecosystem based on salty water
Microscopic organisms that float near the surface of the water.
Consumers that feed on phytoplankton
Area where the ocean meets the land
Marine ecosystem
Ecosystem based on salty water
Phytoplankton
Microscopic organisms that float near the surface of the water.
Marine Ecosystems
Marine Ecosystem
Hydrothermal Vent
Nekton
Upwelling
an ecosystem that is based on saltwater
Geyser on the seafloor, created where tectonic plates move ap…
organisms that can actively swim ( both vertebrates and inver…
the process by which warm, less-dense surface water is drawn…
Marine Ecosystem
an ecosystem that is based on saltwater
Hydrothermal Vent
Geyser on the seafloor, created where tectonic plates move ap…
24 terms
marine ecosystems
what percent of the world is ocean
how long does it take for the ocean wa…
what are the 4 ocean basins
what is the continental margin
70%
1000 years
pacific ... atlantic... indian... arctic
transition from continent to bottom of the ocean
what percent of the world is ocean
70%
how long does it take for the ocean wa…
1000 years
21 terms
marine ecosystems
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems
plankton
temperature
intertidal zone
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems are water temperature, w…
plankton are tiny organisms that float near the surface of wa…
the warmth or coldness a certain place or thing measured in d…
the intertidal zone is where the ocean meets the land. Waves…
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems are water temperature, w…
plankton
plankton are tiny organisms that float near the surface of wa…
25 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal Zone
Neritic Zone
Oceanic Zone
Abyssal Plain
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
The region of water lying over deep areas beyond the continen…
The vast flat lands beyond the continental shelf that cover a…
Intertidal Zone
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
Neritic Zone
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
salinity
entrophication
brackish waters
plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
An increase in the amount of nutrients, such as nitrates, in…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
entrophication
An increase in the amount of nutrients, such as nitrates, in…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Salinity
Eutrophication
Brackish Waters
Plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Eutrophication
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Marine Ecosystems
Salinity
Eutrophication
Brackish waters
Plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Eutrophication
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
marine ecosystems
ecology
ecosystem
habitat
biotic
study of interactions between organisms and their environment
system of organisms and their Nonliving environment
organisms environment
living aspect of an environment
ecology
study of interactions between organisms and their environment
ecosystem
system of organisms and their Nonliving environment
MARINE ECOSYSTEMS
SALINITY
Eutrophication
brackish waters
plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
SALINITY
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Eutrophication
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Marine Ecosystems
overfishing
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
biodiversity
marine reserves
catching fish at a faster rate than they can reproduce
__ __ __ is established by the treaty that 200 nautical mile…
The diversity of life forms in an environment.
areas where fishing is prohibited
overfishing
catching fish at a faster rate than they can reproduce
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
__ __ __ is established by the treaty that 200 nautical mile…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems & Biodiversity Definitions
ECOSYSTEM
HABITAT
POPULATION
COMMUNITY
The living organisms and the physical and chemical factors wh…
The place where organisms live
Organisms of the same species living in the same area
All the different species living in the same habitat at the s…
ECOSYSTEM
The living organisms and the physical and chemical factors wh…
HABITAT
The place where organisms live
22 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Ocean Productivity
Foundation Species
Overfishing
Roe Stripping
Upswellings (krill, yum) over continental shelves over open o…
Species with high economic value (cod, herring, tuna), huge p…
Decline in striped bass fisheries. US fishing is not what it…
Method for obtaining fish eggs for caviar
Ocean Productivity
Upswellings (krill, yum) over continental shelves over open o…
Foundation Species
Species with high economic value (cod, herring, tuna), huge p…
Marine Ecosystems
Ecosystem
Marine Habitat
Organism
Species
Made up of animals, plants and bacteria as well as the physic…
The area where an organism or group of organisms live and bre…
A living thing.
A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals…
Ecosystem
Made up of animals, plants and bacteria as well as the physic…
Marine Habitat
The area where an organism or group of organisms live and bre…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Abiotic factors that affect marine eco…
Plankton... (Base of the Food Chain)
Intertidal areas... (Organisms have adapt…
Coral reefs... (Made of skeletons of smal…
Water temperature- surface zone, thermocline, deep zone... Water…
Tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water. They…
Near the shore(beaches, rocky shores, and mudflats)
Found in the neurotic zone. Corals live in this ecosystems. A…
Abiotic factors that affect marine eco…
Water temperature- surface zone, thermocline, deep zone... Water…
Plankton... (Base of the Food Chain)
Tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water. They…
8 terms
Marine ecosystems
Intertidal zone
Neretic zone
Intertidal zone + Neretic zone
Oceanic/Pelagic zone
area between high and low tide... organisms ("clingers") adapte…
0-200 meters off shore
98% of species, shallow marine environment
epipelagic, mesopelagic, bathypelagic, abyssal
Intertidal zone
area between high and low tide... organisms ("clingers") adapte…
Neretic zone
0-200 meters off shore
Marine Ecosystems
Coastal Wetlands
estuary
Salt Marsh
mangrove swamps
Coastal land areas that are covered by salt water for all or…
an area in which fresh water form a river mixes with salt wat…
where rivers deposit their load of mineral-rich mud
dense growths of mangrove trees in swampy ares that are found…
Coastal Wetlands
Coastal land areas that are covered by salt water for all or…
estuary
an area in which fresh water form a river mixes with salt wat…
21 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Abiotic Factor
Biotic
Niche
Carrying Capacity
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
Living
Full range of physical and biological conditions in which an…
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
Abiotic Factor
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
Biotic
Living
13 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Law of Minimum
Azoic Hypothesis
Biotic
Dinoflagellates
the growth and well-being of an organism is limited by the es…
deep ocean SUPPORTS LIFE
Living
no solid covering... many are BIOLUMINESCENT (will glow)
Law of Minimum
the growth and well-being of an organism is limited by the es…
Azoic Hypothesis
deep ocean SUPPORTS LIFE
9 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal Zone
Coastal Zone
Benthic Zone
Intertidal zone(Seashore), Coastal zone, Benthic zone, and Op…
Seashore. Is affected by the tide. At low tide, some of it is…
Shallow border that surrounds continents. Extends from coastl…
The ecological region at the lowest level of a body of water…
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal zone(Seashore), Coastal zone, Benthic zone, and Op…
Intertidal Zone
Seashore. Is affected by the tide. At low tide, some of it is…
Marine Ecosystems
overfishing
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
ecosystem
biodiversity
...
...
...
...
overfishing
...
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
...
Marine Ecosystems
intertidal zone
coral reef
plankton
intertidal zone
the area between high and low tides
the branch-like structures built by colonies of coral polyps.
drifting organisms that inhabit the wide open ocean
completely underwater
intertidal zone
the area between high and low tides
coral reef
the branch-like structures built by colonies of coral polyps.
14 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Pond/Lake
Marine/ocean
Plankton
Temperature
A freshwater ecosystem that is divided into three parts- the…
An ecosystem with a lot of biodiversity and many abiotic fact…
Tiny organisms that float near the surface of water and are a…
An abiotic factor that decreases as the depth in the ocean in…
Pond/Lake
A freshwater ecosystem that is divided into three parts- the…
Marine/ocean
An ecosystem with a lot of biodiversity and many abiotic fact…
12 terms
Marine Ecosystems
epipelagic
mesopelagic
bathypelagic
abyssopelagic
0-200m
200-1000m
1000-4000m
4000<m
epipelagic
0-200m
mesopelagic
200-1000m
68 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Abiotic
Biotic
Population
Community
Non-living
Living
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
Abiotic
Non-living
Biotic
Living
Marine Ecosystems
Photic Zone
Aphotic Zone
Intertidal Zone
Coastal Zone
top of ocean where sunlight can penetrate. Algae can be found
a permanently dark zone below the photic zone where light can…
the area along the coast line that is exposed during low tide…
the area extending from the low-tide line to the edge of the…
Photic Zone
top of ocean where sunlight can penetrate. Algae can be found
Aphotic Zone
a permanently dark zone below the photic zone where light can…
Marine Ecosystems
ecosystem
biotic
abiotic
3 Examples
all chemical, physical, geological, and biological parts
the living parts of an ecosystem
non-living parts of an ecosystem
water, sunlight, salinity
ecosystem
all chemical, physical, geological, and biological parts
biotic
the living parts of an ecosystem
Marine ecosystems
Intertidal areas
Coral reefs
Estuaries
Sargasso Sea
found near the shore(mudflats, sandy beaches, rocky shores)
found in warm, shallow areas of the neritic zone
area where fresh water from streams and rivers spill into the…
found in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean
Intertidal areas
found near the shore(mudflats, sandy beaches, rocky shores)
Coral reefs
found in warm, shallow areas of the neritic zone
Marine ecosystems
Sargasso Sea
Polar ice
Intertidal area
Coral Reef
-Found in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean - contains floatin…
-In the Arctic Ocean and around Antarctica - water is rich wi…
-Found near the shore - mudflats , sandy beaches and rocky sh…
-most corals reefs are found in the neritic zone in warm shal…
Sargasso Sea
-Found in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean - contains floatin…
Polar ice
-In the Arctic Ocean and around Antarctica - water is rich wi…
7 terms
Marine ecosystems
Salinity
Estuary
Brackish waters
Plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Microscopic organisms that float and drift in the ocean water…
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Estuary
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
Marine ecosystems
Intertidal zone
Neritic zone
Bathyal zone
Abyssal zone
The strip of land between the high and low tide lines
...
...
...
Intertidal zone
The strip of land between the high and low tide lines
Neritic zone
...
1 of 10