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Study sets matching "marine ecosystems"

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Study sets matching "marine ecosystems"

44 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
Energy is recycled back into the ocean.
They must be able to eat whatever swim…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
What role do whale falls play in the ocean community?
Fish in the deep sea tend to have large mouths and sharp teet…
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
16 terms
Marine Ecosystems
marine
marine ecosystem
phytoplankton
zooplankton
relating to the sea and the creatures that live there
an ecosystem that is based on salt water
microscopic photosynthetic organisms that float near the surf…
small animals that feed on phytoplankton, form the base of th…
marine
relating to the sea and the creatures that live there
marine ecosystem
an ecosystem that is based on salt water
6 terms
Marine Ecosystems
marine ecosystems
plankton
The Intertidal Zone
The Neritic Zone
ecosystems in the ocean
tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water.
the place where ocean meets the land.
The water becomes deeper and the ocean floor starts to slope…
marine ecosystems
ecosystems in the ocean
plankton
tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water.
14 terms
Marine Ecosystems
estuary
marine ecosystem
upwelling
photosynthesis
place where freshwater from rivers meet and mixes with salt w…
is an ocean environment that supports all life on Earth
is the movement of cold nutrient rich water from deep layers…
the process by which the cells of plants and some other organ…
estuary
place where freshwater from rivers meet and mixes with salt w…
marine ecosystem
is an ocean environment that supports all life on Earth
44 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
Energy is recycled back into the ocean.
They must be able to eat whatever swim…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
What role do whale falls play in the ocean community?
Fish in the deep sea tend to have large mouths and sharp teet…
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
Sulfur fixing, chemotrophic bacteria
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
12 terms
Marine Ecosystems
ecosystem
conservation
biotic
abiotic
Abiotic and biotic factors in a community
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
Living
Non-living
ecosystem
Abiotic and biotic factors in a community
conservation
Protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment
66 terms
Marine Science - marine ecosystems
pelagic
neritic
benthic
coral reef
The area of the ocean past the continental shelf, with areas…
Area of ocean that extends from the low-tide line out to the…
The bottom of any aquatic ecosystem
A structure of calcite skeletons built up by coral animals in…
pelagic
The area of the ocean past the continental shelf, with areas…
neritic
Area of ocean that extends from the low-tide line out to the…
44 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
chemosynthetic bacteria
Energy is recycled back into the ocean…
They must be able to eat whatever swim…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
What role do whale falls play in the ocean community?
Fish in the deep sea tend to have large mouths and sharp teet…
Red light cannot penetrate deep into t…
Why are most deep sea animals red?
chemosynthetic bacteria
What is the main source of energy at hydrothermal vents?
16 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal zones
Heterotrophs
Estuaries
Coral reefs
periodically submerged/exposed; organisms stratified by toler…
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
transition area river/sea; water column often stratified; sal…
Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) skeleton of coral animals; mostly t…
Intertidal zones
periodically submerged/exposed; organisms stratified by toler…
Heterotrophs
An organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating oth…
10 terms
marine ecosystems
littoral zone
benthic zone
eutrophic lake
phytoplankton
shallow area close to the shores of lakes and ponds, full of…
bottom of a body of water, inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
lake with a large amount of plant nutrients
photosynthetic organisms that dominate the open water,
littoral zone
shallow area close to the shores of lakes and ponds, full of…
benthic zone
bottom of a body of water, inhabited by decomposers, insect l…
9 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Over Fishing
Food Chain Pyramid
Plankton
Whale
has become a serious problem and has often ... featured on the N…
The width of each layer represents the number of organisms ... p…
Microscopic creatures that whales eat and are the base of the…
Is the biggest predator of the big blue sea that is a mammal.
Over Fishing
has become a serious problem and has often ... featured on the N…
Food Chain Pyramid
The width of each layer represents the number of organisms ... p…
10 terms
Marine Ecosystems
intertidal zone
neritic zone
bathyal zone
abyssal zone
shoreline area between high and low tides. Contains tidal pools
second closest area to shore. May be very shallow in some pla…
extends from neritic zone to ocean bottom. This zone ranges f…
deepest zone. No sunlight reaches this zone, so no photosynth…
intertidal zone
shoreline area between high and low tides. Contains tidal pools
neritic zone
second closest area to shore. May be very shallow in some pla…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Coastal Wetlands
estuary
Salt Marsh
mangrove swamps
Coastal land areas that are covered by salt water for all or…
an area in which fresh water form a river mixes with salt wat…
where rivers deposit their load of mineral-rich mud
dense growths of mangrove trees in swampy ares that are found…
Coastal Wetlands
Coastal land areas that are covered by salt water for all or…
estuary
an area in which fresh water form a river mixes with salt wat…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
salinity
entrophication
brackish waters
plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
An increase in the amount of nutrients, such as nitrates, in…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
entrophication
An increase in the amount of nutrients, such as nitrates, in…
49 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Diatoms
Dinoflagellates
Coccolithophores
Prochlorococcus
Plankton... Pelagic... Neritic... Autotrophic... Open Ocean
Autotrophic... Plankton... Benthic... Motile... Open Ocean
Plankton... Open ocean... Autotrophic... Pelagic... Neritic
Open Ocean... Plankton... Autotrophic... Pelagic... Neritic
Diatoms
Plankton... Pelagic... Neritic... Autotrophic... Open Ocean
Dinoflagellates
Autotrophic... Plankton... Benthic... Motile... Open Ocean
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Salinity
Eutrophication
Brackish Waters
Plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Eutrophication
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
14 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Marine ecosystem
Phytoplankton
Zooplankton
Intertidal zone
Ecosystem based on salty water
Microscopic organisms that float near the surface of the water.
Consumers that feed on phytoplankton
Area where the ocean meets the land
Marine ecosystem
Ecosystem based on salty water
Phytoplankton
Microscopic organisms that float near the surface of the water.
9 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Marine Ecosystem
Hydrothermal Vent
Nekton
Upwelling
an ecosystem that is based on saltwater
Geyser on the seafloor, created where tectonic plates move ap…
organisms that can actively swim ( both vertebrates and inver…
the process by which warm, less-dense surface water is drawn…
Marine Ecosystem
an ecosystem that is based on saltwater
Hydrothermal Vent
Geyser on the seafloor, created where tectonic plates move ap…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Salinity
Eutrophication
Brackish waters
Plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Eutrophication
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
12 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Plankton
Intertidal zone
neritic zone
oceanic zone
mass of mostly microscopic organisms that float or drift free…
where the ocean meets the land
water becomes deeper and the ocean floor starts to slope down…
sea floor drops sharply-deep water open ocean
Plankton
mass of mostly microscopic organisms that float or drift free…
Intertidal zone
where the ocean meets the land
32 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Horizontal structure
Vertical structure
light
blue
1. littoral (intertidal) zone... 2. neritic zone... 3. oceanic zone
1. epipelagic zone... 2. mesopelagic zone... 3. bathypelagic zone... 4…
80% solar energy reaching surface of ocean absorbed first 10 m
due to absorption of red yellow green (most of ocean absent o…
Horizontal structure
1. littoral (intertidal) zone... 2. neritic zone... 3. oceanic zone
Vertical structure
1. epipelagic zone... 2. mesopelagic zone... 3. bathypelagic zone... 4…
21 terms
marine ecosystems
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems
plankton
temperature
intertidal zone
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems are water temperature, w…
plankton are tiny organisms that float near the surface of wa…
the warmth or coldness a certain place or thing measured in d…
the intertidal zone is where the ocean meets the land. Waves…
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems
abiotic factors of marine ecosystems are water temperature, w…
plankton
plankton are tiny organisms that float near the surface of wa…
8 terms
Marine ecosystems
Open ocean
Coral reef
Kelp forest
Mangrove forest
Enviorment far from landforms with plenty of light and witer…
Warm shallow environments; built from sea floor; rich diversi…
Sunny environment with defense fast growing seaweed
Environment with warm temperatures; tree roots are covered du…
Open ocean
Enviorment far from landforms with plenty of light and witer…
Coral reef
Warm shallow environments; built from sea floor; rich diversi…
15 terms
marine ecosystems
This zone has the warmest temperature
The Intertidal zone, The neritic zone,…
Intertidal zone
The neritic zone
The Surface Zone
Name the four ocean zones.
Where the ocean meets the land
What ocean zone has warm water and sunlight
This zone has the warmest temperature
The Surface Zone
The Intertidal zone, The neritic zone,…
Name the four ocean zones.
25 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal Zone
Neritic Zone
Oceanic Zone
Abyssal Plain
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
The region of water lying over deep areas beyond the continen…
The vast flat lands beyond the continental shelf that cover a…
Intertidal Zone
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
Neritic Zone
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
21 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Abiotic Factor
Biotic
Niche
Carrying Capacity
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
Living
Full range of physical and biological conditions in which an…
Largest number of individuals of a population that a environm…
Abiotic Factor
Abiotic factors are the non-living parts of an organism's hab…
Biotic
Living
20 terms
Marine Ecosystems
The base of the ocean's food chains is…
True or False: The amount of plankton…
The place where the ocean meets the la…
The ocean floor, some parts of which g…
plankton
False
intertidal
benthic
The base of the ocean's food chains is…
plankton
True or False: The amount of plankton…
False
25 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal Zone
Neritic Zone
Oceanic Zone
Abyssal Plain
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
The region of water lying over deep areas beyond the continen…
The vast flat lands beyond the continental shelf that cover a…
Intertidal Zone
The area that stretches from the high-tide line on land out t…
Neritic Zone
The part of the ocean that extends from the low-tide line out…
15 terms
Hydrosphere - Marine Ecosystems
estuary
marine ecosysten
upwelling
photosynthesis
a coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or s…
among the largest of Earth's aquatic ecosystems. They include…
wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-ric…
process used by plants and other organisms to convert light e…
estuary
a coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or s…
marine ecosysten
among the largest of Earth's aquatic ecosystems. They include…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Salinity
Estuary
Brackish Water
Plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
mixture of fresh and salt water
Tiny organisms that float in the water
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Estuary
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems & Biodiversity Definitions
ECOSYSTEM
HABITAT
POPULATION
COMMUNITY
The living organisms and the physical and chemical factors wh…
The place where organisms live
Organisms of the same species living in the same area
All the different species living in the same habitat at the s…
ECOSYSTEM
The living organisms and the physical and chemical factors wh…
HABITAT
The place where organisms live
Marine Ecosystems
overfishing
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
biodiversity
marine reserves
catching fish at a faster rate than they can reproduce
__ __ __ is established by the treaty that 200 nautical mile…
The diversity of life forms in an environment.
areas where fishing is prohibited
overfishing
catching fish at a faster rate than they can reproduce
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
__ __ __ is established by the treaty that 200 nautical mile…
7 terms
MARINE ECOSYSTEMS
SALINITY
Eutrophication
brackish waters
plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Tiny organisms that float in the water
SALINITY
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Eutrophication
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
22 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Ocean Productivity
Foundation Species
Overfishing
Roe Stripping
Upswellings (krill, yum) over continental shelves over open o…
Species with high economic value (cod, herring, tuna), huge p…
Decline in striped bass fisheries. US fishing is not what it…
Method for obtaining fish eggs for caviar
Ocean Productivity
Upswellings (krill, yum) over continental shelves over open o…
Foundation Species
Species with high economic value (cod, herring, tuna), huge p…
22 terms
Marine Ecosystems
polyps
zooanthellae
night
nematocysts
individual coral animals
photosynthetic algae that live in the tissue of corals
most corals feed at_______________.
stinging cells on corals
polyps
individual coral animals
zooanthellae
photosynthetic algae that live in the tissue of corals
7 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Abiotic factors that affect marine eco…
Plankton... (Base of the Food Chain)
Intertidal areas... (Organisms have adapt…
Coral reefs... (Made of skeletons of smal…
Water temperature- surface zone, thermocline, deep zone... Water…
Tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water. They…
Near the shore(beaches, rocky shores, and mudflats)
Found in the neurotic zone. Corals live in this ecosystems. A…
Abiotic factors that affect marine eco…
Water temperature- surface zone, thermocline, deep zone... Water…
Plankton... (Base of the Food Chain)
Tiny organisms that float near the surface of the water. They…
9 terms
Marine ecosystems
ocean ecosystem on the brink of collapse
excess nutrients can spawn massive blo…
El Niño is wreaking havoc with an unpr…
whale strandings
écosystèmes marins au bord de la rupture
l'excédent de nutriments peut engendrer des proliférations ma…
El Nino cause des ravages avec une saison des ouragans sans p…
échouements de baleine
ocean ecosystem on the brink of collapse
écosystèmes marins au bord de la rupture
excess nutrients can spawn massive blo…
l'excédent de nutriments peut engendrer des proliférations ma…
8 terms
Marine ecosystems
Intertidal zone
Neretic zone
Intertidal zone + Neretic zone
Oceanic/Pelagic zone
area between high and low tide... organisms ("clingers") adapte…
0-200 meters off shore
98% of species, shallow marine environment
epipelagic, mesopelagic, bathypelagic, abyssal
Intertidal zone
area between high and low tide... organisms ("clingers") adapte…
Neretic zone
0-200 meters off shore
13 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Law of Minimum
Azoic Hypothesis
Biotic
Dinoflagellates
the growth and well-being of an organism is limited by the es…
deep ocean SUPPORTS LIFE
Living
no solid covering... many are BIOLUMINESCENT (will glow)
Law of Minimum
the growth and well-being of an organism is limited by the es…
Azoic Hypothesis
deep ocean SUPPORTS LIFE
8 terms
marine ecosystem
salinty
eutrophication
brackish waters
`plankton
The concentration of salts in a liquid
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
the small and microscopic organisms drifting or floating in t…
salinty
The concentration of salts in a liquid
eutrophication
A process by which nutrients, particularly phosphorus and nit…
59 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Why are rocky shore ecosystems extensi…
Why does the structure of rocky shores…
Three parts of the shore
Features of supralittoral zone
Diversive, accessible and can be manipulated easily
Water movement results in gradual transition between the mari…
Supralittoral (spray) zone, littoral zone, and infralittoral…
Splash zone, influenced by salt spray, salt tolerant lichens
Why are rocky shore ecosystems extensi…
Diversive, accessible and can be manipulated easily
Why does the structure of rocky shores…
Water movement results in gradual transition between the mari…
10 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Estuaries
Marine Ecosystems.
Up-welling
Photosynthesis
Areas where freshwater mixes with salt water.
An ocean community of organisms and the non-living factors in…
The movement of cold, nutrient rich waters from the deep ocea…
That process that plants use to make food in which carbon dio…
Estuaries
Areas where freshwater mixes with salt water.
Marine Ecosystems.
An ocean community of organisms and the non-living factors in…
9 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal Zone
Coastal Zone
Benthic Zone
Intertidal zone(Seashore), Coastal zone, Benthic zone, and Op…
Seashore. Is affected by the tide. At low tide, some of it is…
Shallow border that surrounds continents. Extends from coastl…
The ecological region at the lowest level of a body of water…
Marine Ecosystems
Intertidal zone(Seashore), Coastal zone, Benthic zone, and Op…
Intertidal Zone
Seashore. Is affected by the tide. At low tide, some of it is…
15 terms
Marine Ecosystems
intertidal zone
coral reef
plankton
intertidal zone
the area between high and low tides
the branch-like structures built by colonies of coral polyps.
drifting organisms that inhabit the wide open ocean
completely underwater
intertidal zone
the area between high and low tides
coral reef
the branch-like structures built by colonies of coral polyps.
14 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Pond/Lake
Marine/ocean
Plankton
Temperature
A freshwater ecosystem that is divided into three parts- the…
An ecosystem with a lot of biodiversity and many abiotic fact…
Tiny organisms that float near the surface of water and are a…
An abiotic factor that decreases as the depth in the ocean in…
Pond/Lake
A freshwater ecosystem that is divided into three parts- the…
Marine/ocean
An ecosystem with a lot of biodiversity and many abiotic fact…
12 terms
Marine Ecosystems
epipelagic
mesopelagic
bathypelagic
abyssopelagic
0-200m
200-1000m
1000-4000m
4000<m
epipelagic
0-200m
mesopelagic
200-1000m
Marine Ecosystems
Abiotic
Antarctic Divergence
Biotic
Community
Nonliving
An area located at approximately 65
Living
A collection of different populations of organisms and intera…
Abiotic
Nonliving
Antarctic Divergence
An area located at approximately 65
68 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Abiotic
Biotic
Population
Community
Non-living
Living
A group of individuals that belong to the same species and li…
A group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same regio…
Abiotic
Non-living
Biotic
Living
7 terms
Marine ecosystems
Salinity
Estuary
Brackish waters
Plankton
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
Water which is saltier than river water but less salty than s…
Microscopic organisms that float and drift in the ocean water…
Salinity
A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount…
Estuary
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt…
10 terms
Marine Ecosystems
Photic Zone
Aphotic Zone
Intertidal Zone
Coastal Zone
top of ocean where sunlight can penetrate. Algae can be found
a permanently dark zone below the photic zone where light can…
the area along the coast line that is exposed during low tide…
the area extending from the low-tide line to the edge of the…
Photic Zone
top of ocean where sunlight can penetrate. Algae can be found
Aphotic Zone
a permanently dark zone below the photic zone where light can…
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