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56 terms
Martini Chapter 14
The Adult Human Brain
The six regions of the brain
What is the Cerebrum
What is neural cortex
-Ranges from 750 cc to 2100 cc... -Contains almost 97% of the bo…
1. Cerebrum ... 2. Cerebellum... 3. Diencephalon... 4. Mesencephalon... 5…
- Largest part of the brain ... - Controls higher mental functio…
- also called cerebral cortex
The Adult Human Brain
-Ranges from 750 cc to 2100 cc... -Contains almost 97% of the bo…
The six regions of the brain
1. Cerebrum ... 2. Cerebellum... 3. Diencephalon... 4. Mesencephalon... 5…
16 terms
Martini's Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 14
Cranial Nerves
12 Cranial Nerve groups are identified…
Nerve I
Nerve II
Are classified by primary functions and may also have importa…
Primary function, Origin, Pathway, and Destination.
Olfactory nerve. Special sensory-smell. Made of bundles of ax…
Optic nerve. Special sensory-vision. Originates from retina.
Cranial Nerves
Are classified by primary functions and may also have importa…
12 Cranial Nerve groups are identified…
Primary function, Origin, Pathway, and Destination.
13 terms
Chapter 14 vocab Martinis
bioinformatics
genomics
non disjunction
sex chromosome
application of mathematics and computer science to store, ret…
study of whole genomes, including genes and their functions
meiosis in which there is a failure of paired homologous chro…
Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
bioinformatics
application of mathematics and computer science to store, ret…
genomics
study of whole genomes, including genes and their functions
Fundamentals of A&P Chapter 14 Martini
Cerebellum
Medulla Oblongata
Pons (means bridge)
Midbrain
Coordinated complex somatic motor patterns; adjust output of…
Part of the brainstem that controls vital life-sustaining fun…
Relays sensory information to cerebellum and thalamus; subcon…
Processes visual and auditory input, generates somatic motor…
Cerebellum
Coordinated complex somatic motor patterns; adjust output of…
Medulla Oblongata
Part of the brainstem that controls vital life-sustaining fun…
58 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 14
cerebrum
cerebral hemispheres
cortex
cerebral cortex
largest portion of the adult portion
cerebrum's left and right
a superficial layer of gray matter covering most of the cereb…
the neural cortex over the cerebrum
cerebrum
largest portion of the adult portion
cerebral hemispheres
cerebrum's left and right
31 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 14
cerebrum
cerebral hemispheres
cortex
cerebral cortex
largest portion of the adult portion
cerebrum's left and right
a superficial layer of gray matter covering most of the cereb…
the neural cortex over the cerebrum
cerebrum
largest portion of the adult portion
cerebral hemispheres
cerebrum's left and right
60 terms
Anatomy Chapter 14 (Martini) / URI Ramsay
Central Nervous System
Nuclei
Tracts
Spinal cord
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Groups of cell bodies in the CNS
Bundles of Axons in the CNS /white matter
integrates and processes info, can function with or without b…
Central Nervous System
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Nuclei
Groups of cell bodies in the CNS
65 terms
Martini-The brain Ch 14
Anterior nucleus of thalamus
Apneustic and pneumotaxic centers
Arachnoid villi
Auditory cortex
Relays info from the mammillary bodies
Found in pons; controls respitory rhythm
Absorbs CSF into venous circulation
Temporal lobe; receives hearing and auditory info
Anterior nucleus of thalamus
Relays info from the mammillary bodies
Apneustic and pneumotaxic centers
Found in pons; controls respitory rhythm
75 terms
Chapter 1 Martini
Anatomy
Physiology
Surface Anatomy
Gross Anatomy
The study of structure and relationships among structures
Deals with the function of body parts
Study of the form and markings of the body surface
Study of the structures without the use of a microscope
Anatomy
The study of structure and relationships among structures
Physiology
Deals with the function of body parts
174 terms
Martini Chapter 10
The layer of connective tissue that se…
The segment of a myofibril that is cal…
The ( ) are an invagination of the mus…
Into what does the neuron release its…
perimysium
one Z line to the next Z line
transverse (T) tubules
synaptic cleft
The layer of connective tissue that se…
perimysium
The segment of a myofibril that is cal…
one Z line to the next Z line
67 terms
Chapter 11 Martini
Levator scapulae
Pectoralis minor
Rhomboid major
Rhomboid minor
Levator scapulae
Pectoralis minor
87 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 3
Sex, Somatic
Centrosome
Centrioles
Cytoskeleton
Two types of Cells
consist of two centrioles at right angles to each other. Impo…
Composed of 9 microtubule triplets
Proteins organized in fine filaments or slender tubes
Sex, Somatic
Two types of Cells
Centrosome
consist of two centrioles at right angles to each other. Impo…
87 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 3
Sex, Somatic
Centrosome
Centrioles
Cytoskeleton
Two types of Cells
consist of two centrioles at right angles to each other. Impo…
Composed of 9 microtubule triplets
Proteins organized in fine filaments or slender tubes
Sex, Somatic
Two types of Cells
Centrosome
consist of two centrioles at right angles to each other. Impo…
25 terms
Chapter 3 Martini
Fibroblasts
Fixed macrophages
adipocytes
Mesenchymal cells
Produce connective tissue fibers and maintain matrix
Phagocytize pathogens and damaged cells
store lipid reserves
connective tissue stem cells that can differentiate into othe…
Fibroblasts
Produce connective tissue fibers and maintain matrix
Fixed macrophages
Phagocytize pathogens and damaged cells
11 terms
Chapter 7 martini
Martini
Gibson
Dirty martini
Vodka martini
Chill cocktail glass, 1/8 oz. Dry vermouth, 1 3/4 oz. Gin, ol…
Chill cocktail glass, 1/8 oz. Dry vermouth, 1 3/4 oz. Gin, on…
Chill cocktail glass, 1/8 oz. Dry vermouth, 1 3/4 oz. Gin, ol…
Chill cocktail glass, 1/8 oz. Dry vermouth, 1 3/4 oz. Vodka
Martini
Chill cocktail glass, 1/8 oz. Dry vermouth, 1 3/4 oz. Gin, ol…
Gibson
Chill cocktail glass, 1/8 oz. Dry vermouth, 1 3/4 oz. Gin, on…
68 terms
Chapter 10 Martini
Muscle Tissue
Six Functions of Skeletal Muscle Tissue
three layers of connective tissues
Epimysium
Skeletal muscle tissue, Cardiac muscle tissue, Smooth muscle…
Produce skeletal movement, maintain posture and body position…
Epimysium, Perimysium, Endomysium
Exterior collagen layer, connected to deep fascia, separates…
Muscle Tissue
Skeletal muscle tissue, Cardiac muscle tissue, Smooth muscle…
Six Functions of Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Produce skeletal movement, maintain posture and body position…
94 terms
Chapter 9 Martini
articulations
joint strength
joint classification
synarthrosis
where two bones connect and body movement occurs
decreases as mobility increases
functional based on range of motion, structural based on anat…
immovable joint: strong edges of bone touch
articulations
where two bones connect and body movement occurs
joint strength
decreases as mobility increases
40 terms
A&P Martini Ch. 14
cerebrum
diencephalon
Midbrain
Pons
conscious thought, intellectual functions, memory/processing,…
THALAMUS - relay & process center for sensory info... HYPOTHALAM…
process visual data... reflexive somatic motor response... maintena…
relays sensory info to cerebellum & thalamus... subconscious som…
cerebrum
conscious thought, intellectual functions, memory/processing,…
diencephalon
THALAMUS - relay & process center for sensory info... HYPOTHALAM…
13 terms
Chapter 18 Martini
cellular activities are acoordinated t…
the endocrine system regulates long-te…
situations requiring split-second resp…
gap junctions involved in direct commu…
preserve homeostasis
chemical messengers to relay information and instructions bet…
nervous
coordinate ciliary movement among epithelial cells, coordinat…
cellular activities are acoordinated t…
preserve homeostasis
the endocrine system regulates long-te…
chemical messengers to relay information and instructions bet…
34 terms
Chapter 13 Martini
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Afferent Division
Efferent Division
Consist of the Brain and Spinal Cord. It is responsible for i…
Consist of all neural tissue outside the CNS. It provides sen…
Brings in sensory information
Carries motor demands to gland and muscles. The Efferent Divi…
Central Nervous System
Consist of the Brain and Spinal Cord. It is responsible for i…
Peripheral Nervous System
Consist of all neural tissue outside the CNS. It provides sen…
58 terms
Human Anatomy Martini Chapter 4
Epidermis
Stratum Corneum
Stratum Lucidium
Stratum Granulosum
Outer layer of the skin, protects dermis from trauma, prevent…
Multiple layers flattened, dead, interlocking keratotinocytes…
Appears as "glassy" layer on epidermis, in thick skin only.
3rd layer of the epidermis, Keratin fibers develop as cells b…
Epidermis
Outer layer of the skin, protects dermis from trauma, prevent…
Stratum Corneum
Multiple layers flattened, dead, interlocking keratotinocytes…
43 terms
Martini Chapter 1
Cytology
Histology
Surface Anatomy
Regional Anatomy
Analyze internal structure of cells
Examines tissues, specialized cells that function together
Morphology and superficial markings
Superficial and internal features of an area of the body
Cytology
Analyze internal structure of cells
Histology
Examines tissues, specialized cells that function together
38 terms
Martini Chapter 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Medical terminology
Word Roots
The study of internal and external body structures and their…
The study of how living organisms perform their functions
involves using word roots, prefixes, suffixes, and combining…
the basic, meaningful parts of the term that cannot be broken…
Anatomy
The study of internal and external body structures and their…
Physiology
The study of how living organisms perform their functions
74 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Medical terminology
Gross anatomy
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
The study of how living organisms perform their vital functions
The use of prefixes, suffixes, word roots, and combining form…
Features that are visible without a microscope
Anatomy
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
Physiology
The study of how living organisms perform their vital functions
43 terms
Martini's Ch 14 cranial nerves
CN I
CN II
CN III
CN IV
Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
CN I
Olfactory
CN II
Optic
56 terms
Martini - Chap 14 - Nervous System - Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
The CNS consists of?
What does the spinal cord do?
Where does the spinal cord begin? Wher…
What is cauda equina?
Brain and Spinal Cord
Conducts information to and from the brain... Is involved in int…
At the foramen magnum where it is continuous with the brain s…
A cluster of individual spinal nerves found in the spinal cav…
The CNS consists of?
Brain and Spinal Cord
What does the spinal cord do?
Conducts information to and from the brain... Is involved in int…
13 terms
Chapter 18 Martini
homeostasis is preserved through what…
nervous system performs _____________
endocrine system regulates ___________…
paracrine communication
intercellular
short-term "crisis management"
longer-term ongoing metabolic processes
the use of chemical signals to transfer information from cell…
homeostasis is preserved through what…
intercellular
nervous system performs _____________
short-term "crisis management"
9 terms
Martini's ch 14 diseases and brain waves
Alpha brain wave
Beta brain wave
Theta brain wave
Delta brain wave
Normal resting adult awake
Intense peaks due to concentration, stress, stimuli, tasks
Normal in children or frustrated adults... Small amplitude space…
Very large amplitude waves... Normal in Deep sleep (REM), develo…
Alpha brain wave
Normal resting adult awake
Beta brain wave
Intense peaks due to concentration, stress, stimuli, tasks
88 terms
Chapter Two Martini Review
The smallest stable units of matter ar…
The three subatomic particles that are…
The protons in an atom are found only…
The unequal sharing of electrons in a…
d. atoms
b. protons, neutrons, and electrons
c. in the nucleus
b. polar covalent bond
The smallest stable units of matter ar…
d. atoms
The three subatomic particles that are…
b. protons, neutrons, and electrons
72 terms
Chapter One Martini Review
The study of anatomy and physiology pr…
Reading the textbook and memorizing im…
The study of internal and external bod…
Physiology is the study of... a. how livi…
d. all of the above are correct
b. False
c. anatomy
a. how living organisms perform functions
The study of anatomy and physiology pr…
d. all of the above are correct
Reading the textbook and memorizing im…
b. False
6 terms
Chapter 8 Martini Articulations
Synarthroses
Sutures
Gomphosis
synchodrosis
Immovable joints
LSC... lamniod, sagital, Corneal
tooth and and the alveolar fossa
hyaline caritlage growth plate
Synarthroses
Immovable joints
Sutures
LSC... lamniod, sagital, Corneal
87 terms
Physio Martini Chapter 1
The ability to maintain homeostasis de…
hypoxia
disease
what may diseases result from
status of physiological systems involved and nature of stress…
low tissue oxygen level
a failure to maintain homeostatic conditions
-pathogens invading the body... -inherited genetic conditions... -l…
The ability to maintain homeostasis de…
status of physiological systems involved and nature of stress…
hypoxia
low tissue oxygen level
27 terms
Chapter 8 martini chapter 8
arthrology
symphasis
suture
bursa
study of joints and ligaments
bones separated by a wedge of cartilage
synarthrotic joint between bones in the skull.
small fluid filled sacs
arthrology
study of joints and ligaments
symphasis
bones separated by a wedge of cartilage
62 terms
Anatomy Martini Chapter 11
Appendicular muscles are responsible f…
Two Major Groups of Appendicular Muscles
Action Lines of the Muscle
Muscles associated with the pectoral g…
. Stabilizing the pectoral and pelvic girdles ... . Moving the u…
. The muscles of the pectoral girdle and upper limbs ... . The m…
. Flexion and extension at the shoulder joint ... . Adduction an…
. Muscles that position the pectoral girdle ... . Muscles that m…
Appendicular muscles are responsible f…
. Stabilizing the pectoral and pelvic girdles ... . Moving the u…
Two Major Groups of Appendicular Muscles
. The muscles of the pectoral girdle and upper limbs ... . The m…
60 terms
chapter 1 anatomy martini
levels of organization from simplest t…
homeostasis
if homeostasis not maintained leads to
atoms
chemical level, cellular level, tissue level, organ level, or…
an existence of a stable internal environment
illness or death
are the smallest chemical units
levels of organization from simplest t…
chemical level, cellular level, tissue level, organ level, or…
homeostasis
an existence of a stable internal environment
25 terms
Chapter 6 martini anatomy
cranium
foramen
fissure
fossa
surrounds and protects the brain
rounded opening in bone
narrow slit between adjacent parts of bones
shallow depression
cranium
surrounds and protects the brain
foramen
rounded opening in bone
10 terms
Martini Chapter 6 Osseous Tissue
Osteocytes
Osteoclast
Osteoblast
Osteoprogenitor cells
Recycle calcium salts in surrounding matrix
Derived from phagocytic monocytes of blood
Actively deposit bone matrix
Mesenchymal cells that divide to form others
Osteocytes
Recycle calcium salts in surrounding matrix
Osteoclast
Derived from phagocytic monocytes of blood
140 terms
Martini Chapter 3 Cellular Level
Receptor Mediated Endocytosis
glycolipid
phospholipid
cholesterol
1. A ligand binds an unoccupied cell surface receptor. ... 2. Th…
a plasma-membrane lipid possessing a sugar chain that functio…
the most abundant molecule found within the lipid bilayer of…
a plasma-membrane lipid that stabilizes the plasma membrane
Receptor Mediated Endocytosis
1. A ligand binds an unoccupied cell surface receptor. ... 2. Th…
glycolipid
a plasma-membrane lipid possessing a sugar chain that functio…
46 terms
MARTINI 8TH EDITION CHAPTER 5
Put the steps in endochondral ossifica…
Which cell population of mature bone d…
Which vitamins are essential for norma…
Which of the following is the correct…
1) As the cartilage enlarges, chondrocytes near the center of…
Osteocytes
Vitamins A and C
Due to unusually slow growth of the epiphyseal cartilages in…
Put the steps in endochondral ossifica…
1) As the cartilage enlarges, chondrocytes near the center of…
Which cell population of mature bone d…
Osteocytes
99 terms
martini- chapter 4 vocabulary
el árbol
el bosque (tropical)
el cielo
el cráter
tree
(tropical; rain) forest
sky
crater
el árbol
tree
el bosque (tropical)
(tropical; rain) forest
93 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 3
Cytology
Sex cells
Somatic cells
Plasma membrane
The study of cells
The sperm of males or the oocytes of females
All of the other cells in the human body
The outer boundary of a cell
Cytology
The study of cells
Sex cells
The sperm of males or the oocytes of females
53 terms
Martini A&P Chapter 6
Skeletal System Includes:
5 Primary Functions of the Skeletal sy…
Bone Classification By:
Sutural (Wormian) Bones
1) Bones of the skeleton... 2) Cartilages, ligaments, and connec…
1) Support... 2) Storage of minerals (Calcium) and Lipids (Yello…
Shape, Internal tissue organization, bone markings (surface f…
Small, flat, irregular shaped bones of the skull
Skeletal System Includes:
1) Bones of the skeleton... 2) Cartilages, ligaments, and connec…
5 Primary Functions of the Skeletal sy…
1) Support... 2) Storage of minerals (Calcium) and Lipids (Yello…
10 terms
Logan martini chapt. 14-15
Edification
Inaudible
Indulged
Obscure
enlighten; instruct
(adj.) not able to be heard
allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of
Difficult to see, vague
Edification
enlighten; instruct
Inaudible
(adj.) not able to be heard
147 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 3
Cytology
Gametes
Somatic cells
Plasma membrane
The study of cells
The sperm of males or the oocytes of females
All of the other cells in the human body
The outer boundary of a cell
Cytology
The study of cells
Gametes
The sperm of males or the oocytes of females
60 terms
Human Anatomy, Martini, CH 14: Nervous System: Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
regions of spinal cord:... extends from F…
amount of gray matter:
enlargement:
cervical enlargement:
cervical c1-8... thoracic T1-12... lumbar L1-5... sacral S1-5
-INCREASES AS YOUR GO FURTHER DOWN SC... increases substantially…
areas of the spinal cord where info will be supplied to pelvi…
supplies nerves to pectoral girdle and upper limbs
regions of spinal cord:... extends from F…
cervical c1-8... thoracic T1-12... lumbar L1-5... sacral S1-5
amount of gray matter:
-INCREASES AS YOUR GO FURTHER DOWN SC... increases substantially…
147 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 3
Cytology
Sex cells
Somatic cells
Plasma membrane
The study of cells
The sperm of males or the oocytes of females
All of the other cells in the human body
The outer boundary of a cell
Cytology
The study of cells
Sex cells
The sperm of males or the oocytes of females
74 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Medical terminology
Gross anatomy
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
The study of how living organisms perform their vital functions
The use of prefixes, suffixes, word roots, and combining form…
Features that are visible without a microscope
Anatomy
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
Physiology
The study of how living organisms perform their vital functions
30 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 3
Cytology
Cytoskeleton
Cytoplasm
Microvilli
The study of cells?
a network of supporting filaments in cytoplasm
the plasma membrane and the membrane surrounding the nucleus
Small, finger-shaped projections of the plasma membrane on a…
Cytology
The study of cells?
Cytoskeleton
a network of supporting filaments in cytoplasm
53 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology , Chapter 1
Anatomy
Physiology
Gross anatomy
Cytology
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
The study of how living organisms perform their vital functions
Features that are visible without a microscope
The study of cells
Anatomy
The study of internal and external structures of the body and…
Physiology
The study of how living organisms perform their vital functions
77 terms
Martini's Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, Chapter 4
The four types of tissue (CEMN)
Epithelia
Apical
Basal
Epithelial, connective, muscle and neural
Layers of cells that cover internal or external surfaces
The term for the exposed, unattached surfaces of epithelia
The term for the attached, unexposed surfaces of epithelia
The four types of tissue (CEMN)
Epithelial, connective, muscle and neural
Epithelia
Layers of cells that cover internal or external surfaces
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