#### Study sets matching "math chapter 1 mathematics"

#### Study sets matching "math chapter 1 mathematics"

What is the difference between a univer…

What is the difference between a univer…

What is the difference between an exist…

What is a set?

A universal statement is like all apples are fruits. A conditi…

A universal conditional statement is a statement both universa…

An existential universal statement is a statement that is exis…

A set is like this {1,2,3...}. It was introduced by Geog Canto…

What is the difference between a univer…

A universal statement is like all apples are fruits. A conditi…

What is the difference between a univer…

A universal conditional statement is a statement both universa…

Expression

Multiple

Place Value

Rectangular Array

A combination of individual terms separated by plus or minus s…

The product of a whole number and any other nonzero whole numb…

The number assigned to each place that a digit occupies.

An arrangement that can represent a whole number in rows and c…

Expression

A combination of individual terms separated by plus or minus s…

Multiple

The product of a whole number and any other nonzero whole numb…

proposition

Conjunction

Disjunction

Exclusive or

A proposition is a declarative sentencethat is either true or…

p∧q= "p and q" = proposition that is true when ... both p and q a…

p∨q= "p or q" = proposition that is false when both ... p and q a…

p ⊕q = "only p or only q" = proposition that is true ... when exa…

proposition

A proposition is a declarative sentencethat is either true or…

Conjunction

p∧q= "p and q" = proposition that is true when ... both p and q a…

Natural Number

Integer

Prime Number

Symbol

A whole number from 1 to infinity, sometimes called "counting…

Any of the negative and positive whole numbers including 0.

A whole number greater than 1 which has only two factors: the…

A short way of writing mathematical information, such as "=" w…

Natural Number

A whole number from 1 to infinity, sometimes called "counting…

Integer

Any of the negative and positive whole numbers including 0.

preference ballot

linear ballot

preference schedule

transitive

a ballot in which the voters are asked to rank the candidates…

a ballot in which ties are not allowed

neatly organized groups of preference ballots of similar ranki…

a voter who prefers candidate A over B and prefers candidate B…

preference ballot

a ballot in which the voters are asked to rank the candidates…

linear ballot

a ballot in which ties are not allowed

Place value

Digit

Standard form

Expanded form

The value of a digit determined by its place in a number

One of the symbols used to write numbers

A number written with commas separating groups of three digits

A number written showing the value of each digit

Place value

The value of a digit determined by its place in a number

Digit

One of the symbols used to write numbers

Constant

Coefficient

Variable

Equation

Is a number whos value never changes. Example 3, 4, 5

Is a number that is being multiplied by a variable example 4XY

Is a letter that represents a number example m,n

Two mathematical equations that are set equal to each other ex…

Constant

Is a number whos value never changes. Example 3, 4, 5

Coefficient

Is a number that is being multiplied by a variable example 4XY

Chinese Postman Problem

Circut

Connected Graph

Digraph

The problem of finding a circuit on a graph that covers every…

A path that starts and ends at the same vertex.

A graph is connected if it is possible to reach any vertex fro…

A graph in which each edge has an arrow indicating the directi…

Chinese Postman Problem

The problem of finding a circuit on a graph that covers every…

Circut

A path that starts and ends at the same vertex.

Effective Annual Rate of Interest earne…

Equivalent Rates

'a(t)'

Accumulation Factor

Two Rates of Interest which result in the same accumulated val…

...is the accumulated value at time 't' of an investment of '1…

'a(t)' is the _____ from time '0' to time 't'.

Effective Annual Rate of Interest earne…

Equivalent Rates

Two Rates of Interest which result in the same accumulated val…

absolute value

constant

equation

inequality

the distance from zero on a number line; shown by // ... (pg. 19)

a value that does not change ... (pg. 6)

a mathematical sentence that shows that two expressions are eq…

a mathematical sentence that shows the relationship between qu…

absolute value

the distance from zero on a number line; shown by // ... (pg. 19)

constant

a value that does not change ... (pg. 6)

Volume of a Frustum

Thales of Miletus (ca. 640 - ca. 546 B.…

Thales' Theorem

Pythagorus of Samos (572 B.C.)

V=1/3h(a^2+ab+b^2)

Greek; one of the seven wise men of antiquity; father of demon…

An angle inscribed in a semicircle is a right angle.

Known for the Pythagorean Theorem, the square root of 2 is irr…

Volume of a Frustum

V=1/3h(a^2+ab+b^2)

Thales of Miletus (ca. 640 - ca. 546 B.…

Greek; one of the seven wise men of antiquity; father of demon…

Squares and Cubes

Lowest Common Denominator

Highest Common Factor

Prime Numbers

axa or axaxa

of two numbers is the smallest multiple shared by both numbers

of two numbers is the largest factor shared by both numbers

Only have two factors; 1 and itself. 1 isn't a prime number

Squares and Cubes

axa or axaxa

Lowest Common Denominator

of two numbers is the smallest multiple shared by both numbers

Propositions

propositional variables

D1: Negation

Find the negation of the proposition "M…

A proposition is a declarative sentence (that is, a sentence t…

variables that represent propositions, just as letters are use…

Let p be a proposition. The negation of p, denoted by ¬p (also…

"It is not the case that Michael's PC runs Linux."

Propositions

A proposition is a declarative sentence (that is, a sentence t…

propositional variables

variables that represent propositions, just as letters are use…

If you increase the frequency, how deep…

If you increase your bandwidth, what ha…

Distance equation

How fast does sound travel?

Superficial (not very deep)

It increases

Distance = velocity (rate) x time

1540 meters/seconds ... OR... 1.54 mm/microseconds

If you increase the frequency, how deep…

Superficial (not very deep)

If you increase your bandwidth, what ha…

It increases

Even

Divisible

Odd

Prime

Definition 3.1: An integer is called even provided it is divis…

Definition 3.2: Let a and b be integers. We say that a is divi…

Definition 3.4: An integer a is called odd provided there is a…

Definition 3.5: An integer p is called prime provided that p >…

Even

Definition 3.1: An integer is called even provided it is divis…

Divisible

Definition 3.2: Let a and b be integers. We say that a is divi…

Proposition

Propositions

No

propositional variables

A declarative sentence that is either true or false, but not b…

Toronto is the capital of Canada... 1 + 1 = 2... 2 + 2 = 3

Is x + 1 = 2 a proposition?

variables used to represent propositions, conventional letters…

Proposition

A declarative sentence that is either true or false, but not b…

Propositions

Toronto is the capital of Canada... 1 + 1 = 2... 2 + 2 = 3

proposition

Propositional variables (or statement v…

The truth value of a true proposition,…

The negation of p,

A proposition is a declarative sentencethat is either true or…

Variables that represent propositions, just as letters are use…

denoted by T, if it is a true proposition, and if false, denot…

Denoted by¬p (also denoted by a dash(-) over p), is the statem…

proposition

A proposition is a declarative sentencethat is either true or…

Propositional variables (or statement v…

Variables that represent propositions, just as letters are use…

Describe the result of adding a large p…

How do you convert a fraction into a de…

What is the key step that must be perfo…

How do you divide one fraction by anoth…

The result is a smaller positive number, and is the same as ig…

Divide the top number (numerator) by the bottom number (denomi…

You must find the lowest (least) common denominator.

You invert the divisor and multiply the numerators together an…

Describe the result of adding a large p…

The result is a smaller positive number, and is the same as ig…

How do you convert a fraction into a de…

Divide the top number (numerator) by the bottom number (denomi…

Unit

SI System

Length

Mass

A standard quantity with which other similar quantities can be…

Standardized units for scientific measurements

Meter (m)

Kilogram (kg)

Unit

A standard quantity with which other similar quantities can be…

SI System

Standardized units for scientific measurements

factor

least common multiple

fraction

quantity

two or more numbers multiplied together to get another number

a number that is a multiple of two or more numbers. Its abbrev…

a part of a group or region

anything that can be measured or counted

factor

two or more numbers multiplied together to get another number

least common multiple

a number that is a multiple of two or more numbers. Its abbrev…

Significant Figures

Significant Figures in Measurement

Significant Figures in Addition and Sub…

Significant Figures in Multiplication a…

Include all nonzero digits and any trailing zeros in a number…

Last digit provided is not significant.

Reduce answer to have the same number of decimal places as the…

Reduce the answer to have the same number of significant digit…

Significant Figures

Include all nonzero digits and any trailing zeros in a number…

Significant Figures in Measurement

Last digit provided is not significant.

Plurality method

Pros to plurality

Cons to plurality

Insincere voting

Most common; All that matters is the number of 1st place votes

Simplest method, works perfectly with 2 canidates

If there are more than 2 conidates, the winner may not have th…

When voters don't vote according to their true preferences for…

Plurality method

Most common; All that matters is the number of 1st place votes

Pros to plurality

Simplest method, works perfectly with 2 canidates