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Study sets matching "math chapter 1 mathematics"

8 terms
Math 22 Chapter 1: Speaking Mathematically
What is the difference between a unive…
What is the difference between a unive…
What is the difference between an exis…
What is a set?
A universal statement is like all apples are fruits. A condit…
A universal conditional statement is a statement both univers…
An existential universal statement is a statement that is exi…
A set is like this {1,2,3...}. It was introduced by Geog Cant…
What is the difference between a unive…
A universal statement is like all apples are fruits. A condit…
What is the difference between a unive…
A universal conditional statement is a statement both univers…
15 terms
Chapter 1, Mathematics Vocabulary
Expression
Multiple
Place Value
Rectangular Array
A combination of individual terms separated by plus or minus…
The product of a whole number and any other nonzero whole num…
The number assigned to each place that a digit occupies.
An arrangement that can represent a whole number in rows and…
Expression
A combination of individual terms separated by plus or minus…
Multiple
The product of a whole number and any other nonzero whole num…
19 terms
Chapter 1 (Mathematics of Voting)
preference ballot
linear ballot
preference schedule
transitive
a ballot in which the voters are asked to rank the candidates…
a ballot in which ties are not allowed
neatly organized groups of preference ballots of similar rank…
a voter who prefers candidate A over B and prefers candidate…
preference ballot
a ballot in which the voters are asked to rank the candidates…
linear ballot
a ballot in which ties are not allowed
32 terms
Discrete mathematics (chapter 1)
proposition
Conjunction
Disjunction
Exclusive or
A proposition is a declarative sentencethat is either true or…
p∧q= "p and q" = proposition that is true when ... both p and q…
p∨q= "p or q" = proposition that is false when both ... p and q…
p ⊕q = "only p or only q" = proposition that is true ... when ex…
proposition
A proposition is a declarative sentencethat is either true or…
Conjunction
p∧q= "p and q" = proposition that is true when ... both p and q…
23 terms
Chapter 1; Mathematics
The Most Common Mistakes
Strategies for the Mathematics Section
Go Back to the Basics
Don't Rely on Mental Math
People make mistakes all the time -- but during a test, those…
1. Go Back to the Basics... 2. Don't Rely on Mental Math... 3. The…
First and foremost, practice your basic skills: sign changes,…
Using mental math is great for eliminating answer choices, bu…
The Most Common Mistakes
People make mistakes all the time -- but during a test, those…
Strategies for the Mathematics Section
1. Go Back to the Basics... 2. Don't Rely on Mental Math... 3. The…
29 terms
IGCSE Mathematics Chapter 1
Natural Number
Integer
Prime Number
Symbol
A whole number from 1 to infinity, sometimes called "counting…
Any of the negative and positive whole numbers including 0.
A whole number greater than 1 which has only two factors: the…
A short way of writing mathematical information, such as "="…
Natural Number
A whole number from 1 to infinity, sometimes called "counting…
Integer
Any of the negative and positive whole numbers including 0.
46 terms
Mathematics of Investment and Credit Chapter 1
Effective Annual Rate of Interest earn…
Equivalent Rates
'a(t)'
Accumulation Factor
Two Rates of Interest which result in the same accumulated va…
...is the accumulated value at time 't' of an investment of '…
'a(t)' is the _____ from time '0' to time 't'.
Effective Annual Rate of Interest earn…
Equivalent Rates
Two Rates of Interest which result in the same accumulated va…
9 terms
Chapter 1 mathematics review
Constant
Coefficient
Variable
Equation
Is a number whos value never changes. Example 3, 4, 5
Is a number that is being multiplied by a variable example 4XY
Is a letter that represents a number example m,n
Two mathematical equations that are set equal to each other e…
Constant
Is a number whos value never changes. Example 3, 4, 5
Coefficient
Is a number that is being multiplied by a variable example 4XY
8 terms
Mathematics: Chapter 1
absolute value
constant
equation
inequality
the distance from zero on a number line; shown by // ... (pg. 19)
a value that does not change ... (pg. 6)
a mathematical sentence that shows that two expressions are e…
a mathematical sentence that shows the relationship between q…
absolute value
the distance from zero on a number line; shown by // ... (pg. 19)
constant
a value that does not change ... (pg. 6)
14 terms
Mathematics Chapter 1
Chinese Postman Problem
Circut
Connected Graph
Digraph
The problem of finding a circuit on a graph that covers every…
A path that starts and ends at the same vertex.
A graph is connected if it is possible to reach any vertex fr…
A graph in which each edge has an arrow indicating the direct…
Chinese Postman Problem
The problem of finding a circuit on a graph that covers every…
Circut
A path that starts and ends at the same vertex.
17 terms
Mathematics chapter 1
f(-x)
-f(x)
Set builder notation
Interval notation
reflection across the y-axis
reflection across the x-axis
ex. {x⎮3<x<8, x∈R
include the use of three special symbols: parentheses, bracke…
f(-x)
reflection across the y-axis
-f(x)
reflection across the x-axis
22 terms
Chapter 1 : The Mathematics of Election
Plurality method
Pros to plurality
Cons to plurality
Insincere voting
Most common; All that matters is the number of 1st place votes
Simplest method, works perfectly with 2 canidates
If there are more than 2 conidates, the winner may not have t…
When voters don't vote according to their true preferences fo…
Plurality method
Most common; All that matters is the number of 1st place votes
Pros to plurality
Simplest method, works perfectly with 2 canidates
29 terms
math 1 (fields of mathematics)
the twin prime conjecture
complex numbers
transfinite numbers
real numbers
hipoteza liczb pierwszych/bliźniaczych
liczby zespolone
liczby pozaskończone
liczby rzeczywiste
the twin prime conjecture
hipoteza liczb pierwszych/bliźniaczych
complex numbers
liczby zespolone
38 terms
Discrete mathematics (chapter 1)
proposition
Propositional variables (or statement…
The truth value of a true proposition,…
The negation of p,
A proposition is a declarative sentencethat is either true or…
Variables that represent propositions, just as letters are us…
denoted by T, if it is a true proposition, and if false, deno…
Denoted by¬p (also denoted by a dash(-) over p), is the state…
proposition
A proposition is a declarative sentencethat is either true or…
Propositional variables (or statement…
Variables that represent propositions, just as letters are us…
13 terms
MAthematics chapter 1
what does the line look like from a li…
general form line
what is the a in the general form of a…
what does the 2 mean in : y=2x-3
straight
y=ax+b
the gradient
1 to the right 2 up
what does the line look like from a li…
straight
general form line
y=ax+b
12 terms
Discrete Mathematics Chapter 1
Propositions
propositional variables
D1: Negation
Find the negation of the proposition "…
A proposition is a declarative sentence (that is, a sentence…
variables that represent propositions, just as letters are us…
Let p be a proposition. The negation of p, denoted by ¬p (als…
"It is not the case that Michael's PC runs Linux."
Propositions
A proposition is a declarative sentence (that is, a sentence…
propositional variables
variables that represent propositions, just as letters are us…
17 terms
Chapter 1 - Mathematics
Describe the result of adding a large…
How do you convert a fraction into a d…
What is the key step that must be perf…
How do you divide one fraction by anot…
The result is a smaller positive number, and is the same as i…
Divide the top number (numerator) by the bottom number (denom…
You must find the lowest (least) common denominator.
You invert the divisor and multiply the numerators together a…
Describe the result of adding a large…
The result is a smaller positive number, and is the same as i…
How do you convert a fraction into a d…
Divide the top number (numerator) by the bottom number (denom…
23 terms
Chapter 1 Financial Mathematics
Squares and Cubes
Lowest Common Denominator
Highest Common Factor
Prime Numbers
axa or axaxa
of two numbers is the smallest multiple shared by both numbers
of two numbers is the largest factor shared by both numbers
Only have two factors; 1 and itself. 1 isn't a prime number
Squares and Cubes
axa or axaxa
Lowest Common Denominator
of two numbers is the smallest multiple shared by both numbers
30 terms
Chapter 1 Mathematical Concepts
factor
least common multiple
fraction
quantity
two or more numbers multiplied together to get another number
a number that is a multiple of two or more numbers. Its abbre…
a part of a group or region
anything that can be measured or counted
factor
two or more numbers multiplied together to get another number
least common multiple
a number that is a multiple of two or more numbers. Its abbre…
27 terms
Discrete Mathematics Chapter 1
Variable
Universal Statement
Existential Statement
Conditional Statement
Place holder for a value
A statement which is true for all elements in a set
A statement which asserts that there exists an element in a s…
If one thing is true, than the other thing is true.
Variable
Place holder for a value
Universal Statement
A statement which is true for all elements in a set
11 terms
Chapter 1 Discrete Mathematics
Proposition
Propositions
No
propositional variables
A declarative sentence that is either true or false, but not…
Toronto is the capital of Canada... 1 + 1 = 2... 2 + 2 = 3
Is x + 1 = 2 a proposition?
variables used to represent propositions, conventional letter…
Proposition
A declarative sentence that is either true or false, but not…
Propositions
Toronto is the capital of Canada... 1 + 1 = 2... 2 + 2 = 3
59 terms
Chapter 1: Mathematical Operations
Natural numbers
Whole Numbers
Integers
reciprocal / multiplicative inverse of…
N = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, . . . }
N + 0 or W = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, . . . }
whole numbers and their opposites; ... Z = {. . ., -3, -2, -1, 0…
- 1/2 is the reciprocal of 2 ... - 1 and -1 are the only integer…
Natural numbers
N = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, . . . }
Whole Numbers
N + 0 or W = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, . . . }
11 terms
Chapter 1 Honors Mathematics
Natural
Whole
Integers
Rational
1, 2, 3...
0, 1, 2...
-1, 0, 1...
Source of fractions
Natural
1, 2, 3...
Whole
0, 1, 2...
21 terms
Discrete Mathematics Chapter 1
Variable
Universal Statement
Existential Statement
Conditional Statement
Place holder for a value
A statement which is true for all elements in a set
A statement which asserts that there exists an element in a s…
If one thing is true, than the other thing is true.
Variable
Place holder for a value
Universal Statement
A statement which is true for all elements in a set
40 terms
COMMON CORE BASICS MATHEMATICS CHAPTER 1
APPROXIMATE
CHART
DIGIT
NUMBER LINE
Not exact, but close enough to be reasonably correct
An arrangement of numbers
The ten number symbols: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,
A list of numbers arranged in order from left to right on a l…
APPROXIMATE
Not exact, but close enough to be reasonably correct
CHART
An arrangement of numbers
13 terms
Chapter 1.4 - Mathematics and Science
Math Skills Scientists use to collect…
Estimate
Accuracy
Precision
estimation, accuracy and precision, and significant figures.
An approximation of a number based on reasonable assumptions
A measure of how close a measurement comes to the actual or t…
How close a group of measurements are to each other
Math Skills Scientists use to collect…
estimation, accuracy and precision, and significant figures.
Estimate
An approximation of a number based on reasonable assumptions
17 terms
CHAPTER 1-MATHEMATICS
Describe the result of adding a large…
How do you convert a fraction into a d…
What is the key step in order to add o…
How do you divide one fraction by anot…
The result is smaller positive number.
Divide the top number by bottom number
Finding the lowest common denominator
Invert divisor and multiply both numerators and denominators…
Describe the result of adding a large…
The result is smaller positive number.
How do you convert a fraction into a d…
Divide the top number by bottom number
9 terms
Prentice Hall Mathematics Course 1, Chapter 1
associative properties
commutative properties
compatible numbers
expanded form
changing the grouping does not change the answer
changing the order of the numbers does not change the answer…
numbers that are easy to compute mentally, especially with pr…
is a sum that shows the place and value of each digit
associative properties
changing the grouping does not change the answer
commutative properties
changing the order of the numbers does not change the answer…
10 terms
Chapter 1.4 - Mathematics and Science
Estimate
Accuracy
Precision
Significant figures
An approximation of a number based on reasonable assumptions
A measure of how close a measurement comes to the actual or t…
How close a group of measurements are to each other
All the digits that are known in a measurement, plus the last…
Estimate
An approximation of a number based on reasonable assumptions
Accuracy
A measure of how close a measurement comes to the actual or t…
15 terms
Math Chapter 1 - Operations and Properties Concepts Holt McDougal Mathematics 6th Grade
Estimate
Compatible Number
Underestimate
Overestimate
Close to the exact answer but are usually easier and faster t…
Close to the numbers in the problem, and they can help you do…
An estimate that is less than the exact answer.
An estimate that is greater than the exact answer.
Estimate
Close to the exact answer but are usually easier and faster t…
Compatible Number
Close to the numbers in the problem, and they can help you do…
12 terms
Mathematics Form 5 Chapter 1
Number Bases
0,1... 1 is the largest
0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7... 7 is the largest
0,1,2,3,4... 4 is the largest
Form Five Chapter 1
Number In Base Two
Number In Base Eight
Number In Base Five
Number Bases
Form Five Chapter 1
0,1... 1 is the largest
Number In Base Two
17 terms
CHAPTER 1-MATHEMATICS
Describe the result of adding a large…
How do you convert a fraction into a d…
What is the key step in order to add o…
How do you divide one fraction by anot…
The result is smaller positive number.
Divide the numerator by the denominator.
Finding the lowest common denominator
Invert the denominator of the second fraction and multiply.
Describe the result of adding a large…
The result is smaller positive number.
How do you convert a fraction into a d…
Divide the numerator by the denominator.
17 terms
CHAPTER 1-MATHEMATICS
Describe the result of adding a large…
How do you convert a fraction into a d…
What is the key step in order to add o…
How do you divide one fraction by anot…
The result is smaller positive number.
Divide the numerator by denominator
Finding the lowest common denominator
Invert the second fraction and multiply both numerators and d…
Describe the result of adding a large…
The result is smaller positive number.
How do you convert a fraction into a d…
Divide the numerator by denominator
37 terms
NES MATH: Ch.1 Mathematical Operations
Natural numbers
whole numbers
integers
reciprocal
numbers used to count. ex: 1,2,3
natural numbers and 0; 0,1,2,3
whole numbers and their opposites. ex: (-2,-1,0,1,2)
1/number. ex: reciprocal of 8 = 1/8
Natural numbers
numbers used to count. ex: 1,2,3
whole numbers
natural numbers and 0; 0,1,2,3
Math and Physics - Chapter 10 - Mathematics
Significant Figures
Significant Figures in Measurement
Significant Figures in Addition and Su…
Significant Figures in Multiplication…
Include all nonzero digits and any trailing zeros in a number…
Last digit provided is not significant.
Reduce answer to have the same number of decimal places as th…
Reduce the answer to have the same number of significant digi…
Significant Figures
Include all nonzero digits and any trailing zeros in a number…
Significant Figures in Measurement
Last digit provided is not significant.
55 terms
Physics and Math Chapter 10: Mathematics
8 x 7
9 x 7
12 x 7
9 x 8
56
63
84
72
8 x 7
56
9 x 7
63
13 terms
Chapter 1 Math Vocabulary
Period
Base
Distributive property
Exponent
In a large number, periods are groups of 3 digits separated b…
is the number used as the repeated factor.
When one of the factors of a product is a sum, multiplying ea…
The number that tells the number of times the base is multipl…
Period
In a large number, periods are groups of 3 digits separated b…
Base
is the number used as the repeated factor.
Mathematics of Finance Chapter 1 Mills/Davis
Sole Proprietorship
Personally Liable
Shareholders
Trades
A business that is owned by one person.
A business owner who is personally responsible for the debts…
People who own shares of stock in a corporation.
Transactions on the stock market.
Sole Proprietorship
A business that is owned by one person.
Personally Liable
A business owner who is personally responsible for the debts…
69 terms
Mathematics - Chapter 1+2 Vocabulary
Relation: A set of ordered pairs (x,y)
Domain: X values
Range: Y values
Function: special relationship where e…
The relation explained the rate of speed of the car versus ti…
The domain of (2,1) is 2
The range of (2,1) is 1
The function of these ordered pairs is f(x) = x^2
Relation: A set of ordered pairs (x,y)
The relation explained the rate of speed of the car versus ti…
Domain: X values
The domain of (2,1) is 2
15 terms
Chapter 1 principles - basic mathematics
absolute value
algebraic expression
coulomb per kilogram
direct variation
the meaning of a number equal to the distance of that number…
a mathematical sentence or term consisting of letters and/or…
an SI unit known as the Roentgen, C/kg... occupational dose.
one quantity is a multiple of a second quantity
absolute value
the meaning of a number equal to the distance of that number…
algebraic expression
a mathematical sentence or term consisting of letters and/or…
30 terms
Mathematical Studies Chapter 1
Natural numbers
Integers
Rational numbers
rational qualifications
(N) 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
(p/q where p and q are integers and q equals 0)
-it can be written as a quotient of two integers... -its decimal…
Natural numbers
(N) 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
Integers
-4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
12 terms
Decision Mathematics Edexcel Chapter 1 Algorithms
Algorithm
Flow chart
Trace table
Bubble sort
A set of instructions for solving a problem
A way of visually representing an algorithm
A table used to keep track of an algorithm
An algorithm that sorts a list into order by systematically s…
Algorithm
A set of instructions for solving a problem
Flow chart
A way of visually representing an algorithm
13 terms
Y4 mathematics Chapter 1, 2, 3
3,415,105
3,000; thousand
1, 3, 7,21
1,2,3,4,6,8,12,24
what is the standard form of three million, four hundred and…
what is the value and place value of the digit 3 in 993,891?
write all the factors of 21
write all the factors of 24
3,415,105
what is the standard form of three million, four hundred and…
3,000; thousand
what is the value and place value of the digit 3 in 993,891?
15 terms
Chapter 1 principles basic mathematics
Absolute value
Algebraic expression
Coulomb per kilogram
Direct variation
...... The distance a number is from zero on a number line. ALWA…
...... A mathematical phrase involving at least one variable and…
...... Formerly the Roentgen (R)
one quantity is a multiple of a second quantity
Absolute value
...... The distance a number is from zero on a number line. ALWA…
Algebraic expression
...... A mathematical phrase involving at least one variable and…
17 terms
(8) CHAPTER 1-MATHEMATICS
Describe the result of adding a large…
How do you convert a fraction into a d…
What is the key step in order to add o…
How do you divide one fraction by anot…
The result is smaller positive number.
Divide the top number by bottom number
Finding the lowest common denominator
Invert divisor and multiply both numerators and denominators…
Describe the result of adding a large…
The result is smaller positive number.
How do you convert a fraction into a d…
Divide the top number by bottom number
19 terms
Ideas in Mathematics Chapter 1 Terms
single-choice ballot
preference ballot
truncated preference ballot
ranking (full ranking)
a ballot in which a voter only has to choose one candidate
a ballot in which the voter has to rank all candidates in ord…
a ballot in which a voter only has to rank the top k choices…
in an election, an outcome that lists ALL the candidates in o…
single-choice ballot
a ballot in which a voter only has to choose one candidate
preference ballot
a ballot in which the voter has to rank all candidates in ord…
32 terms
Application of Discrete Mathematics and Statistics Chapter 1 Terms
abductive reasoning
AND
axioms
case proof
Usually starts with an incomplete set of observations and adv…
Conjunction.
Self-evident beginnings.
Shows a statement is true by showing all the cases are true.
abductive reasoning
Usually starts with an incomplete set of observations and adv…
AND
Conjunction.
12 terms
Chapter 1:4 - Mathematics and Science
Estimate
Accuracy
Precision
Significant figures
An approximation of a number based on reasonable assumptions
Refers to how close a measurement is to the true or accepted…
Refers to how close a group of measurements are to each other.
Communicate how precise measurements are; ... All the digits tha…
Estimate
An approximation of a number based on reasonable assumptions
Accuracy
Refers to how close a measurement is to the true or accepted…
11 terms
Physics and Math - Chapter 10: Mathematics
Scientific notation
Significant figures and what are the r…
Exponents
Logarithms
-A method of writing numbers in a way that improves the ease…
-Include all nonzero digits and any trailing zeroes in a numb…
-A notion for repeated multiplication... -They may be manipulate…
-Inverse of exponents... -Are subject to similar mathematical ma…
Scientific notation
-A method of writing numbers in a way that improves the ease…
Significant figures and what are the r…
-Include all nonzero digits and any trailing zeroes in a numb…
17 terms
Prentice Hall Mathematics Course 2, Chapter 1
absolute value
additive inverses
Associative Property of Addition
Associative Property of Multiplication
a number's distance from zero on a number line
two numbers whose sum is zero
changing the grouping of the addends does not change the sum
changing the grouping of the factors does not change the prod…
absolute value
a number's distance from zero on a number line
additive inverses
two numbers whose sum is zero
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