# Study sets matching "math test chapter 2"

Irrational Numbers

Irrational Numbers expressed as decimals

Pi

Simplest Radical Form

numbers that cannot be expressed as quotients of two integers…

They are nonterminating and nonrepeating decimals. They can al…

The number 'pi' is an irrational number. Pi is the ratio of th…

A square root is in simplest radical form if the radicand has…

Irrational Numbers

numbers that cannot be expressed as quotients of two integers…

Irrational Numbers expressed as decimals

They are nonterminating and nonrepeating decimals. They can al…

Negative Number

Opposite

Absolute Value

Charge

Any number less than zero.

Having the same numerals but different signs.

The distance of a number is from zero on a number line.

This is the amount of money a person must pay, as in a charge…

Negative Number

Any number less than zero.

Opposite

Having the same numerals but different signs.

compatible numbers

dividend

divisor

factor

Numbers that are easy to compute with mentally

The number that is to be divided in a division problem.

The number that divides the dividend

A number multiplied by another number to find a product

compatible numbers

Numbers that are easy to compute with mentally

dividend

The number that is to be divided in a division problem.

compatible numbers

dividend

divisor

estimate

numbers that are close to the given numbers that make estimati…

A number that is divided by another number.

the number that divides the dividend

An approximation of a number based on reasonable assumptions

compatible numbers

numbers that are close to the given numbers that make estimati…

dividend

A number that is divided by another number.

Absolute Value

Distributive Property

Four-Quadrant Graph

Mixed Number

The distance of the number from zero. Since it represents dist…

For any a, b, and c, a(b + c) = ab + ac . For example, 10( 7 +…

The coordinate plane is divided by its axes into four quadrant…

A number that consists of an integer and a fraction.

Absolute Value

The distance of the number from zero. Since it represents dist…

Distributive Property

For any a, b, and c, a(b + c) = ab + ac . For example, 10( 7 +…

array

area

square units

factor

an orderly arrangement

The number of square units required to cover a surface.

a unit used in measuring area

The numbers multiplied together in a multiplication problem

array

an orderly arrangement

area

The number of square units required to cover a surface.

percent

proportion

percent proportion

rational number

a ratio that compares a number to 100

an equation that shows that two ratios are equivalent

one ratio compares a part to a whole

a number that can be written as a fraction

percent

a ratio that compares a number to 100

proportion

an equation that shows that two ratios are equivalent

reciprocal

repeating decimal

simplest form

mixed number

one of two numbers whose product is one

a decimal number that has a block of one or more numbers that…

a fraction in which one is the only number that can divide eve…

a number represented by a whole number and a fraction

reciprocal

one of two numbers whose product is one

repeating decimal

a decimal number that has a block of one or more numbers that…

bar graph

frequency table

horizontal bar graph

key

a graph that uses bars to show data

a table that uses numbers to record data

a bar graph in which the bars are read from left to right

the part of a map or graph that explains the symbols

bar graph

a graph that uses bars to show data

frequency table

a table that uses numbers to record data

common denominator

compatible number

equivalent fractions

fraction

A denominator that is the same in two or more fractions.

numbers that are easy to compute mentally

Fractions that have the same value

part of a whole

common denominator

A denominator that is the same in two or more fractions.

compatible number

numbers that are easy to compute mentally

exponent

product

prime factorization

cubed

in a power, the number of times the base is used as a factor

the answer to a multiplication problem

a way of expressing a composite number as a product of its pri…

a number raised to the third power

exponent

in a power, the number of times the base is used as a factor

product

the answer to a multiplication problem

least common denominator

percent

percent proportion

proportion

the least common multiple of the denominators of two or more f…

a ratio that compares a number to 100

a ratio compares a part to a whole

an equation that shows that two ratios are equivalent

least common denominator

the least common multiple of the denominators of two or more f…

percent

a ratio that compares a number to 100

Budget

Earned Income

Unearned Income

Benefits

A plan for saving and spending your money.

The money you receive from a job.

The money you receive that does not come from a job.

The state and federal government have developed programs that…

Budget

A plan for saving and spending your money.

Earned Income

The money you receive from a job.

Compare

Hundred

Is greater than

Is less than

to describe whether numbers are equal to, less than, or greate…

a quantity that is equivalent to 10 tens.

a symbol used to compare two numbers when the first number has…

a symbol used to compare two numbers when the first number has…

Compare

to describe whether numbers are equal to, less than, or greate…

Hundred

a quantity that is equivalent to 10 tens.

product

factor

quotient

dividend

the result of multiplying two or more quantities

a whole number that divides exactly into another number

the result of division

the number that is being divided

product

the result of multiplying two or more quantities

factor

a whole number that divides exactly into another number

Mean

Outlier

Median

Mode

a set of data divided by the number of the data items.

data sample that is much greater or smaller than the other dat…

the middle number of a set of ordered data.

the data item or items that appears most often.

Mean

a set of data divided by the number of the data items.

Outlier

data sample that is much greater or smaller than the other dat…

decimal

decimal point

place value

base 10 number system

a number that can represent whole numbers and fractions

point separating the ones and tenths in a number

the value given to a digit by its position in a number

a number system built on place values of 10

decimal

a number that can represent whole numbers and fractions

decimal point

point separating the ones and tenths in a number

base

exponent

squared number

cubed number

The factor in exponential notation

The amount of times a factor is repeated in exponential notiaon

When an exponent is written as a 2

When an exponent is written as a 3

base

The factor in exponential notation

exponent

The amount of times a factor is repeated in exponential notiaon

compatible numbers

dividend

divisor

factor

numbers that are easy to compute mentally

the number that is to be divided in a division problem... (in the…

the number that divides the dividend... (knocking at the door)

a number multiplied by another number to find a product

compatible numbers

numbers that are easy to compute mentally

dividend

the number that is to be divided in a division problem... (in the…

Rational Number -

Reciprocal

Variable -

Expression -

number that can be written as a fraction.

a number is: 1 divided by the number

usually a letter, used to represent an unknown or changing qua…

a mathematical sentence that does not contain an equal sign.

Rational Number -

number that can be written as a fraction.

Reciprocal

a number is: 1 divided by the number

sum

difference

estimate

rounding

the answer to an addition problem

the answer to a subtraction problem

a calculated guess

one method of estimating

sum

the answer to an addition problem

difference

the answer to a subtraction problem

Least Common Denominator (LCD)

Percent

Percent Proportion

Proportion

The least common multiple of the denominators of two or more f…

A ratio that compares a number to 100.

A percent is a ratio that compares a number to 100. EXAMPLE: i…

An equation stating that two ratios are equal.

Least Common Denominator (LCD)

The least common multiple of the denominators of two or more f…

Percent

A ratio that compares a number to 100.

Compatible Numbers

Estimate

Inverse Operations

Remainder

numbers that are easy to work with mentally

to find an answer that is close to the exact amount

opposite operations like multiplication and didvision

the amount left over when a number cannot be divided equally

Compatible Numbers

numbers that are easy to work with mentally

Estimate

to find an answer that is close to the exact amount

Addition Property of Equality

Algebraic expression

Coefficient

Distributive Property

The Addition Property Equality states that if the same value i…

An algebraic expression is a mathematical phrase that uses var…

A coefficient is a numerical factor of a term with a variable.

The Distributive Property shows how multiplication affects an…

Addition Property of Equality

The Addition Property Equality states that if the same value i…

Algebraic expression

An algebraic expression is a mathematical phrase that uses var…

base

cubed

exponent

power of 10

in a power, the number used as the factor

a number raised to the third power

in a power, the number of times the base is used as a factor

a number like 10, 100, 1,000 and so on that results from only…

base

in a power, the number used as the factor

cubed

a number raised to the third power