Study sets matching "matter and energy"

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Study sets matching "matter and energy"

17 terms
Matter and Energy Investigation 1: Energy
battery
chemical energy
convert
electric current
A source of stored chemical energy.
Energy stored in a substance.
To change.
Flow of electricity through a wire.
battery
A source of stored chemical energy.
chemical energy
Energy stored in a substance.
18 terms
Matter and Energy
ecosystem
biotic factor
abiotic factor
climate
all the living things and nonliving things in a given area.
a living or once-living thing in an ecosystem.
a nonliving thing in an ecosystem.
the long-term average weather conditions that occur in a part…
ecosystem
all the living things and nonliving things in a given area.
biotic factor
a living or once-living thing in an ecosystem.
Matter and Energy
Atoms
Atomic Nucleus
Electron Shells/Cloud
Proton
the smallest form of a substance, the basic building block of…
the center of an atom; the home of the protons and neutrons;…
the area surrounding the nucleus where electrons are located;…
positively charged subatomic particles located in the nucleus
Atoms
the smallest form of a substance, the basic building block of…
Atomic Nucleus
the center of an atom; the home of the protons and neutrons;…
Matter and Energy
crystalline solid
4 types of crystalline solids
network solid (is, example)
ionic solid (is, example)
has regular, repeating arrangement of particles (atoms, ions,…
ionic, molecular, network, metallic
covalently bonded, forming 3-D array (example: diamond)
composed of oppositely charged ions (example: Na+1 Cl-1)
crystalline solid
has regular, repeating arrangement of particles (atoms, ions,…
4 types of crystalline solids
ionic, molecular, network, metallic
23 terms
Energy and Matter
chloroplast
mitochondria
photosynthesis
cellular respiration
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
Does cellular respiration. Cytoplasmic organelles responsible…
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... Plants use the sun's en…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 yields 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP... Process that creates A…
chloroplast
An organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthe…
mitochondria
Does cellular respiration. Cytoplasmic organelles responsible…
23 terms
Energy and Matter
Temperature
Thermal Energy
Endothermic Change
Exothermic Change
the measure of the average kinetic energy (random motion) a s…
energy that comes from heat. This heat is generated by the mo…
a change in which energy, in the form of heat, is taken IN
a change in which energy, in the form of heat, is RELEASED
Temperature
the measure of the average kinetic energy (random motion) a s…
Thermal Energy
energy that comes from heat. This heat is generated by the mo…
Matter & Energy
matter
mass
volume
physical change
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Amount of matter in an object
Amount of space occupied by an object
A change of matter from one form to another without a change…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
mass
Amount of matter in an object
Matter and Energy
matter
physical change
chemical change
solid
Anything that has mass and takes up space as a solid, liquid,…
A change in the size or form of a material but does not conve…
A change in matter that produces a new substance. ex.... burning…
A solid is a relatively dense, rigid state of matter, with a…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space as a solid, liquid,…
physical change
A change in the size or form of a material but does not conve…
Matter and energy
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Mass
The ability to cause change
The energy of motion
The stored energy that an object has due to its position or c…
The amount of matter inside an object
Energy
The ability to cause change
Kinetic energy
The energy of motion
Matter and Energy
Heat of fusion
Temperature
Heat of vaporization
Sublimation
the amount of heat needed to melt something
the average kinetic energy of a substance
the amount of heat needed to turn a liquid to a gas
phase change going from solid directly to a gas
Heat of fusion
the amount of heat needed to melt something
Temperature
the average kinetic energy of a substance
9 terms
Matter and Energy: States of Matter
Physical Change
States of matter
Solid
Liquid
A change in the form of matter
The different forms of matter
Matter that keeps its shape and volume.
Matter that can change shape but keeps the same volume.
Physical Change
A change in the form of matter
States of matter
The different forms of matter
17 terms
Matter and Energy
Physical Properties
Mass
Physical State
Solubility
Mass, magnetism, state, density, solubility, conductor/insula…
The amount of matter in an object.
Solid, liquid, or gas
The ability of matter to dissolve in a liquid
Physical Properties
Mass, magnetism, state, density, solubility, conductor/insula…
Mass
The amount of matter in an object.
56 terms
Matter and Energy
Matter
Energy
extensive properties
intensive properties
that which has mass and occupies space
The capacity to do work or cause change or produce heat
a physical property, such as mass, length, and volume, that i…
properties that do not depend on the amount of matter present…
Matter
that which has mass and occupies space
Energy
The capacity to do work or cause change or produce heat
21 terms
Matter and Energy
Convection
Conduction
Radiation
Atom
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement…
the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another…
the transfer of energy through space
smallest unit of matter
Convection
the transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement…
Conduction
the transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another…
49 terms
Matter and Energy
Solid
Liquid
Gas
Plasma
A form of matter that has definite shape and definite volume.
A form of matter that doesn't have a definite shape and has a…
A form of matter that doesn't have a definite shape or volume
A gas that had been stripped of it's electrons (For ex: the s…
Solid
A form of matter that has definite shape and definite volume.
Liquid
A form of matter that doesn't have a definite shape and has a…
20 terms
Matter and Energy
Matter
Mass
Atoms
Weight
Anything that has mass and takes up space
It is how much matter is in something
Smallest basic unit of matter
Amount of downward pull on an object due to gravity
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Mass
It is how much matter is in something
12 terms
Matter and energy
Radioisotope
Radioactive decay
Radioactivity
Half-life
Radionuclides/radioactive isotope - atoms that have unstable…
Unstable nucleus spontaneously loses energy by emitting ioniz…
Particles that are emitted from nuclei as a result of nuclear…
Time it takes for half of the radioactive nuclei in a sample…
Radioisotope
Radionuclides/radioactive isotope - atoms that have unstable…
Radioactive decay
Unstable nucleus spontaneously loses energy by emitting ioniz…
Matter and Energy
energy
physical change
chemical change
evaporation
the capacity to do work.
a change of matter from one form to another without a change…
a change that occurs when one or more substances change into…
the change of a substance from liquid to a gas.
energy
the capacity to do work.
physical change
a change of matter from one form to another without a change…
17 terms
Matter and Energy
matter
physical properties of matter
magnetism
physical state of matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A force that acts without touching
solid, liquid, or gas
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
physical properties of matter
17 terms
Matter and Energy
matter and energy
Energy
matter
States of matter
All things on Earth can be divided into these two categories
the ability to do work or move matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
the physical forms of matter, which include solid, liquid, an…
matter and energy
All things on Earth can be divided into these two categories
Energy
the ability to do work or move matter
Matter and Energy
Energy
Mechanical Energy
Light Energy
Sound Energy
What is needed to do work or cause change
Energy produced by a machine or moving part
Radiant energy that our eyes can see from the visible part of…
Energy produced from vibration that you can hear
Energy
What is needed to do work or cause change
Mechanical Energy
Energy produced by a machine or moving part
Energy and Matter
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Chemical Energy
Electromagnetic Energy
Energy that is stored and held in readiness
The energy of motion
The potential energy stored in chemical bonds
A form of energy that travels through space as waves
Potential Energy
Energy that is stored and held in readiness
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion
Matter and Energy
Atom
Nucleus
Protons
Neutrons
smallest particle of an element; contains protons, neutrons,…
the central core of an atom containing protons and neutrons
located in nucleus; has a positive charge; determine element'…
located in nucleus; neutral (no) charge
Atom
smallest particle of an element; contains protons, neutrons,…
Nucleus
the central core of an atom containing protons and neutrons
23 terms
Matter and Energy
Matter
Mass
Physical Properties
Magnetism
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
The amount of matter in something; measured in grams.
Measurable characteristics that describe the physical state o…
The property of attraction to a magnet.
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Mass
The amount of matter in something; measured in grams.
6 terms
Matter and energy
Matter
mass
Volume
Energy
Anything that has mass and takes up space. Coal,water, and ai…
A measure of how much matter there is in an object
The amount of space an object takes up
The ability to cause to change
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space. Coal,water, and ai…
mass
A measure of how much matter there is in an object
Matter and Energy
Density
Matter
Pure Substance
Elements
an intensive property of matter
a pure substance or as a mixture of substances
a constant composition and constant properties throughout a g…
substances that are composed of atoms that have the same atom…
Density
an intensive property of matter
Matter
a pure substance or as a mixture of substances
16 terms
Energy and Matter
chlorophyll
oxygen
carbon dioxide
leaf
pigment that gives a plant its green color and is used by the…
the gas that a plant releases into the atmosphere as a produc…
the gas that a plant takes in to use in the process of photos…
the part of the plant where most of the photosynthesis proces…
chlorophyll
pigment that gives a plant its green color and is used by the…
oxygen
the gas that a plant releases into the atmosphere as a produc…
matter and energy
Matter
Mass
Volume
Volume formula
Anything that has MASS and takes up SPACE.
A measure of how much matter there is in an object
The amount of space an object takes up
length X width X height
Matter
Anything that has MASS and takes up SPACE.
Mass
A measure of how much matter there is in an object
Matter and Energy
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
Metallic Bond
Valence Electrons
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
the attraction of valence electrons for metal ions
The electrons in the outermost shell (main energy level) of a…
Ionic Bond
Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one at…
Covalent Bond
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons bet…
13 terms
Matter and Energy
State of Matter
Liquid
Gas
Solid
The form that matter can take. Solid, Liquid, or Gas. The sta…
A state of matter where particles flow around each other and…
A state of matter where particles are spread far apart and mo…
A state of matter where the particles are packed tightly toge…
State of Matter
The form that matter can take. Solid, Liquid, or Gas. The sta…
Liquid
A state of matter where particles flow around each other and…
9 terms
Matter and Energy
Physical Property
State of matter
Mass
Volume
a characteristic or trait of a substance that can be observed…
a form that matter can take - solid, liquid, or gas
the amount of matter in a substance
the amount of space that an object or substance takes up
Physical Property
a characteristic or trait of a substance that can be observed…
State of matter
a form that matter can take - solid, liquid, or gas
24 terms
Matter and Energy
Classify
Physical State
Matter
Energy
group together based on similar traits
The classification of matter as a solid, a liquid, a gas
the material, or "stuff" that everything is made of
The ability to do work
Classify
group together based on similar traits
Physical State
The classification of matter as a solid, a liquid, a gas
10 terms
Matter and Energy
matter
solid
liquid
gas
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Definite shape and volume
Matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape. Take…
No definite shape or volume. Expands to fit the space it is in.
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
solid
Definite shape and volume
37 terms
Matter and Energy
Properties of matter
Physical Property
Chemical Property
Physical change
Its distinguishing characteristics
Property that is observable or measurable without changing th…
Ability of one substance to be changed into another substance
The identity of the substance does not change, but it's physi…
Properties of matter
Its distinguishing characteristics
Physical Property
Property that is observable or measurable without changing th…
23 terms
Matter and Energy Unit Vocab.
solid
liquid
gas
plasma
definite shape and volume with molecules packed tightly
no definite shape, but has a definite volume, molecules slide…
no definite shape or volume, molecules are far apart and spre…
no definite shape or volume, molecules are far apart and elec…
solid
definite shape and volume with molecules packed tightly
liquid
no definite shape, but has a definite volume, molecules slide…
13 terms
Matter and Energy
Atoms are the
Matter
Matter can be...
Matter is made of...
Smallest and most basic unit of life
Anything that takes up space or mass
Living or non- living
Made from atoms
Atoms are the
Smallest and most basic unit of life
Matter
Anything that takes up space or mass
26 terms
Matter and Energy
Matter
Three states of matter
Solid
Liquid
The stuff from which everything is made. Anything that has ma…
solid, liquid, gas
A state of matter that keeps a definite shape. It holds its s…
A state of matter that flows and takes the shape of the conta…
Matter
The stuff from which everything is made. Anything that has ma…
Three states of matter
solid, liquid, gas
14 terms
Matter and Energy
float
Classify
Magnetism
Mass
To stay on the surface of a liquid without expending energy
To identify groups of similar things
Force produced by a magnet
The amount of matter in something measured in grams
float
To stay on the surface of a liquid without expending energy
Classify
To identify groups of similar things
22 terms
Matter and Energy
matter
particles
solid
liquid
Anything that has mass and takes up space
All matter is made up of tiny particles that are constantly i…
Definite volume and shape. ... Particles are packed close togeth…
Definite volume, and takes the shape of its container.... Partic…
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
particles
All matter is made up of tiny particles that are constantly i…
17 terms
Matter and Energy
Matter
Gas
Solid
Liquid
Anything that takes up space(has mass and volume)
oxygen
Ice cube
water, ice, soda
Matter
Anything that takes up space(has mass and volume)
Gas
oxygen
Matter and Energy
matter
states of matter
mixture
solution
anything that has mass and takes up space
solid, liquid, and gas
two or more substances put together that can be easily separa…
a mixture of two or more substances dissolved to form one sub…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
states of matter
solid, liquid, and gas
19 terms
Matter and Energy
Dissolve
Mix
Mixture
Separate
To spread out evenly in a liquid
To combine together
A combination of substances that keep their original properti…
To divide or keep apart
Dissolve
To spread out evenly in a liquid
Mix
To combine together
67 terms
Matter and Energy
matter
mass
weight
energy
anything that has mass and volume (takes up space)
a measure of the amount of matter present; is the same anywhe…
the amount gravity pulls on a sample of matter; changes from…
the ability to do work. (It is not matter.)
matter
anything that has mass and volume (takes up space)
mass
a measure of the amount of matter present; is the same anywhe…
Matter and Energy
Classify
Physical State
Electrical Conductor
Electrical Insulator
Group together based on similar traits
Solid, liquid, gas
A material that allows electricity to flow through easily.
A material through which charge cannot flow easily.
Classify
Group together based on similar traits
Physical State
Solid, liquid, gas
30 terms
Energy and Matter...
Scalar
Vector
Scalar or vector? Distance:
Scalar or vector? Displacement:
magnitude but no direction
magnitude AND direction
scalar
vector
Scalar
magnitude but no direction
Vector
magnitude AND direction
MATTER & ENERGY
PLASMA
ENERGY
KINETIC ENERGY... ENERGIA CINETICA
THERMAL ENERGY... ENERGIA TERMAL
A STATE OF MATTER THAT STARTS AS A GAS AND THEN BECOMES IONIZ…
THE ABILITY TO DO WORK.
THE ENERGY OF A MOVING OBJECT DUE TO ITS MOTION. (MOVEMENT)
THE KINETIC ENERGY OF A SUBSTANCES ATOMS.(HEAT)
PLASMA
A STATE OF MATTER THAT STARTS AS A GAS AND THEN BECOMES IONIZ…
ENERGY
THE ABILITY TO DO WORK.
19 terms
4th Grade Matter and Energy
physical properties
matter
mass
volume
attributes that can be observed, measured, or changed without…
anything that has mass and takes up space
the amount of matter in an object
the amount of space occupied by a three-dimensional object or…
physical properties
attributes that can be observed, measured, or changed without…
matter
anything that has mass and takes up space
Energy & Matter
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
chemical energy
the ability to do work or cause change
energy of matter in motion
energy an object has because of its position
internal energy stored in the chemical bonds between atoms
energy
the ability to do work or cause change
kinetic energy
energy of matter in motion
66 terms
Matter & Energy
gas
liquid
solid
melting
phase of matter with the most kinetic energy, little attracti…
phase of matter with vibrational, rotational, and transnation…
phase of matter with only vibrational motion; very dense and…
absorbing energy to go from the solid to the liquid phase
gas
phase of matter with the most kinetic energy, little attracti…
liquid
phase of matter with vibrational, rotational, and transnation…
Matter and Energy: States of Matter
Physical Change
States of matter
Solid
Liquid
A change in the form of matter
The different forms of matter
Matter that keeps its shape and volume.
Matter that can change shape but keeps the same volume.
Physical Change
A change in the form of matter
States of matter
The different forms of matter
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