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Study sets matching "mcat biology 10"

68 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 10
Excretory system
renal cortex
renal medulla
Renal hilium
System including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.…
The kidney's outermost layer
The kidney's innermost layer, sitting within the cortex
A deep slit in the center of the medial surface of the kidney…
Excretory system
System including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.…
renal cortex
The kidney's outermost layer
61 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 10: Homeostasis
excretory system
excretory system consists of:
Layers of the Epidermis
The ______ produces urine, which dumps…
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
kidney; ureter; renal pelvis; bladder; urethra
excretory system
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
excretory system consists of:
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
48 terms
MCAT WIMI: Biology 10
inferior vena cava, kidney, ureter, bl…
(1) cortex, (2) medulla
portal system
afferent arteriole, glomerulus (bowman…
What are the main organs of the excretory system?
Kidney:... (1) Outermost layer; contains the glomerulus, proxima…
A region where two capillary beds are connected in series; on…
What is the order of flow in the nephron (from arteriole to u…
inferior vena cava, kidney, ureter, bl…
What are the main organs of the excretory system?
(1) cortex, (2) medulla
Kidney:... (1) Outermost layer; contains the glomerulus, proxima…
61 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 10: Homeostasis
excretory system
excretory system consists of:
Layers of the Epidermis
The ______ produces urine, which dumps…
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
kidney; ureter; renal pelvis; bladder; urethra
excretory system
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
excretory system consists of:
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
46 terms
Biology MCAT- Chapter 10: Homeostasis
Excretory system
Excretory system components:
Excretory system (blood + filtrate pat…
Kidney basics
Serves many functions, including:... 1) Regulation of blood pre…
Consist of:... 1) Kidney... 2) Ureters... 3) Bladder... 4) Urethra
Two bean-shaped structures located behind the digestive organ…
Excretory system
Serves many functions, including:... 1) Regulation of blood pre…
Excretory system components:
Consist of:... 1) Kidney... 2) Ureters... 3) Bladder... 4) Urethra
39 terms
MCAT Biology: Chapter 10
Excretory System
Anatomy of the Excretory System
Kidney Structure
Renal Portal System
Regulation of blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base bal…
Consists of the: kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
- Made up of nephrons that empty into the renal pelvis, which…
Two capillary beds in series through which blood must travel…
Excretory System
Regulation of blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base bal…
Anatomy of the Excretory System
Consists of the: kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
MCAT Biology: Homeostasis (10)
Three functions of the excretory system
Path through excretory organs
Kidney structure
Portal system
1. Regulation of blood pressure and blood osmolarity... 2. Acid-…
Kidney... Ureter... Bladder... Urethra
Cortex (outer) and medulla (inner)... Renal hilium = split in th…
Two capillary beds... Renal artery goes through the medulla to f…
Three functions of the excretory system
1. Regulation of blood pressure and blood osmolarity... 2. Acid-…
Path through excretory organs
Kidney... Ureter... Bladder... Urethra
30 terms
Mcat Biology 10: Homeostatis
excretory system
kidney
kidney hilum
first capillary bed
serves many functions including the regulation of blood press…
produces urine which dumps into the ureter at the renal pelvi…
contains renal artery renal vein and ureter
blood from renal artery flows into afferent arterioles which…
excretory system
serves many functions including the regulation of blood press…
kidney
produces urine which dumps into the ureter at the renal pelvi…
54 terms
MCAT Biology 10: Homeostasis
What are the main functions of the exc…
What is the renal hilum?
What is a portal system?
How does the kidney portal system work…
Regulation of BP, blood osmolarity, acid-base balance, and re…
The indent that contains a renal artery, rental vein, and ure…
Two capillary beds in series (can also be in parallel?)
Two capillary beds in series... Blood from renal artery --> affe…
What are the main functions of the exc…
Regulation of BP, blood osmolarity, acid-base balance, and re…
What is the renal hilum?
The indent that contains a renal artery, rental vein, and ure…
65 terms
MCAT Biology Ch. 10: Homeostasis
How does the muscles help regulate the…
_____ is the functional unit of kidney
Path of urine travel: nephron(in the k…
what is a hilium of kidney?
The hypothalamus relays tempt. change to the muscles:... 1. hot…
nephron
renal pelvis ---> ureter ---> bladder
It is a deep slit in the medial surface of kidney
How does the muscles help regulate the…
The hypothalamus relays tempt. change to the muscles:... 1. hot…
_____ is the functional unit of kidney
nephron
Mcat Biology 10: Homeostasis
Kidney Structure
Bladder Structure
Kidney Processes
Filtration (5)
Cortex, Medulla, Hilum, Renal pelvis, Renal artery, Renal vei…
destrusor muscle - muscular lining... internal urethral sphincte…
Filtration, secretion, and reabsorption
20% of fluid is filtered - collected fluid is filtrate... Starli…
Kidney Structure
Cortex, Medulla, Hilum, Renal pelvis, Renal artery, Renal vei…
Bladder Structure
destrusor muscle - muscular lining... internal urethral sphincte…
69 terms
MCAT: Biology - Chapter 10
Nephron, renal pelvis, ureter, bladder…
Cortex, medulla
Hilium
Afferent
What is the pathway of urine starting from the nephron?
What are the two layers of the kidney?
The renal artery, renal vein, and ureter enter and exit throu…
The renal artery passes through the medulla and enters the co…
Nephron, renal pelvis, ureter, bladder…
What is the pathway of urine starting from the nephron?
Cortex, medulla
What are the two layers of the kidney?
39 terms
Biology MCAT Unit 10
Excretory system
Kidney
Bladder
Hilum
serves many functions, including the regulation of blood pres…
produces urine, which dumps intoureter at the renal pelvis
urine is then collected in until it is excreted through the u…
Kidney contains a cortex and a medulla. Each kidney has one,…
Excretory system
serves many functions, including the regulation of blood pres…
Kidney
produces urine, which dumps intoureter at the renal pelvis
91 terms
MCAT Biology (Chapter 10)
Perfusion
Ischemia
Hypoxia
Heart
Flow of blood through tissue.
Inadequate blood flow.
Adequate circulation but not enough oxygen.
Muscular pump that forces through a series of branching vesse…
Perfusion
Flow of blood through tissue.
Ischemia
Inadequate blood flow.
61 terms
MCAT - Biology - Chapter 10: Homeostasis
Excretory System
Excretory System... (anatomy)
Excretory System... (waste pathway)
Kidneys
- regulates blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base balan…
1) kidneys... 2) ureters... 3) bladder... 4) urethra
1) kidneys... 2) renal pelvis... 3) ureters... 4) bladder... 5) urethra
- subdivided into a cortex and medulla... - contains a renal hil…
Excretory System
- regulates blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base balan…
Excretory System... (anatomy)
1) kidneys... 2) ureters... 3) bladder... 4) urethra
22 terms
MCAT Biology: 10
Portal System
Kidney - Afferent Arterioles
Kidney - Efferent Arterioles
Detrusor Muscle
Two capillary beds in series with each other (Bowman's Capsul…
Takes blood into the glomeruli
Takes blood away to the vasa recta for exit from the kidney
Smooth muscle lining of bladder under parasympathetic control
Portal System
Two capillary beds in series with each other (Bowman's Capsul…
Kidney - Afferent Arterioles
Takes blood into the glomeruli
MCAT Biology Ch 10
Excretion
Liver
Kidney
Colon
Disposal of waste products. Excretory system: kidney's, liver…
Deals with hydrophobic or large waste products. ... Old heme uni…
Only eliminates small hydrophils dissolved in plasma. Urine:…
Large intestine. Reabsorbs water and ions (sodium, calcium, e…
Excretion
Disposal of waste products. Excretory system: kidney's, liver…
Liver
Deals with hydrophobic or large waste products. ... Old heme uni…
72 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 10: Homeostasis
excretory system
excretory system consists of:
Layers of the Epidermis
The ______ produces urine, which dumps…
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
kidney; ureter; renal pelvis; bladder; urethra
excretory system
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
excretory system consists of:
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
106 terms
MCAT Biology 8-10
colon
liver
kidney
filtration
solid waste
-hydrophobic waste... -make bile(amphipathic) to emulsify the fa…
hydrophillic waste... -pH balance... -blood pressure regulation... -os…
moving of blood plasma across the cell membrane using blood p…
colon
solid waste
liver
-hydrophobic waste... -make bile(amphipathic) to emulsify the fa…
46 terms
Biology MCAT- Chapter 10: Homeostasis
Excretory system
Excretory system components:
Excretory system (blood + filtrate pat…
Kidney basics
Serves many functions, including:... 1) Regulation of blood pre…
Consist of:... 1) Kidney... 2) Ureters... 3) Bladder... 4) Urethra
Two bean-shaped structures located behind the digestive organ…
Excretory system
Serves many functions, including:... 1) Regulation of blood pre…
Excretory system components:
Consist of:... 1) Kidney... 2) Ureters... 3) Bladder... 4) Urethra
52 terms
MCAT Biology ch. 10
Perfusion
Ischemia
Hypoxia
Endothelial cells
Flow of blood through tissue
Inadequate blood flow (tissue damage due to shortage of O2, n…
Adequate circulation, but O2 presence is reduced
Line the walls of capillaries, arteries, veins...
Perfusion
Flow of blood through tissue
Ischemia
Inadequate blood flow (tissue damage due to shortage of O2, n…
25 terms
MCAT Biology: Chapter 10
What is the function of the excretory…
Trace the path of nitrogenous waste:
Each kidney has a hilum, which contain…
Trace the path of blood in the kidney:
regulation of blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base bal…
Kidney -> ureter --> renal pelvis --> bladder --> urethra
a renal artery, renal vein, and a ureter
afferent arterioles --> glomerulus --> efferent arteriole -->…
What is the function of the excretory…
regulation of blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base bal…
Trace the path of nitrogenous waste:
Kidney -> ureter --> renal pelvis --> bladder --> urethra
64 terms
MCAT Biology ch.10 (Homeostasis)
excretory system
excretory system consists of:
Layers of the Epidermis
The ______ produces urine, which dumps…
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
kidney; ureter; renal pelvis; bladder; urethra
excretory system
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
excretory system consists of:
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
61 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 10: Homeostasis
excretory system
excretory system consists of:
Layers of the Epidermis
The ______ produces urine, which dumps…
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
kidney; ureter; renal pelvis; bladder; urethra
excretory system
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
excretory system consists of:
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
51 terms
Biology MCAT - Chapter 10
Kidney
Ureter
Ureter
Bladder
Produces urines
where urine is dumped after kidney produces it
Located at the renal pelvis
where urine is collected after leaving the ureter
Kidney
Produces urines
Ureter
where urine is dumped after kidney produces it
26 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 10
Excretory System
Kidney
Hilum
Renal Portal System
Serves many functions, including the regulation of blood pres…
Produces urine, which dumps into the ureter at the renal pelv…
In addition to the cortex and medulla, the kidney also has a…
Blood from the renal artery flows into afferent arterioles, w…
Excretory System
Serves many functions, including the regulation of blood pres…
Kidney
Produces urine, which dumps into the ureter at the renal pelv…
37 terms
MCAT BIOLOGY CHAPTER 10
THE EXCRETORY SYSTEM
The excretory system serves many funct…
The kidney produces urine which dumps…
Urine is then collected in the bladder…
...
blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base balance, and remo…
ureter at the renal pelvis
ureathra
THE EXCRETORY SYSTEM
...
The excretory system serves many funct…
blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base balance, and remo…
480 terms
MCAT Biology
A major reaction that breaks down all…
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Why is water a liquid at high temperat…
What is an ampipathic molecule?
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen bonds
Hydrogen bonding
A molecule with both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions.
A major reaction that breaks down all…
Hydrolysis
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Hydrogen bonds
64 terms
lecture 10 mcat biology
the scrotum
what two things does sperm need for ma…
male primary sex organ and its two jobs
sustentacular cells
suspends tests outside the body cavity
slightly cooler body temperature... really high testerone levels
testes... a. make sperm... b. make testosterone
align the outside membrane of the seminiferous tubule... sustain…
the scrotum
suspends tests outside the body cavity
what two things does sperm need for ma…
slightly cooler body temperature... really high testerone levels
152 terms
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
39 terms
MCAT Biology: Chapter 10
Excretory System
Anatomy of the Excretory System
Kidney Structure
Renal Portal System
Regulation of blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base bal…
Consists of the: kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
- Made up of nephrons that empty into the renal pelvis, which…
Two capillary beds in series through which blood must travel…
Excretory System
Regulation of blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base bal…
Anatomy of the Excretory System
Consists of the: kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
534 terms
MCAT: Biology
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
152 terms
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
48 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 10- Homeostasis
Excretory system
Kidney
Renal hilum
Afferent arterioles
-serves many functions... -regulation of blood pressure... -regulat…
-divided into the cortex (outermost) and medulla (innermost)…
-deep slit in the center of the medial surface of kidney... -ren…
carry blood toward the glomeruil
Excretory system
-serves many functions... -regulation of blood pressure... -regulat…
Kidney
-divided into the cortex (outermost) and medulla (innermost)…
40 terms
MCAT Biology
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck/Lamarckian ideas
By which shuttle does acetyl-CoA enter…
Fatty acid synthesis
Enteric nervous system
Most of Lamarck's major theories were incorrect; however, he…
Citrate shuttle
Occurs in the cytosol of the liver; involves the transport of…
Intrinsic nervous system; a network of neurons, neurotransmit…
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck/Lamarckian ideas
Most of Lamarck's major theories were incorrect; however, he…
By which shuttle does acetyl-CoA enter…
Citrate shuttle
61 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 10: Homeostasis
excretory system
excretory system consists of:
Layers of the Epidermis
The ______ produces urine, which dumps…
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
kidney; ureter; renal pelvis; bladder; urethra
excretory system
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
excretory system consists of:
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
16 terms
MCAT Biology II Ch. 10
Lymph Nodes
Bone Marrow
Tymus
Spleen
-filter lymph... -help attack bacteria and viruses
-immune cell production
-secretes thymosin... -this hormone stimulates pre-T cells to ma…
-storage area for blood... -filters blood and lymph
Lymph Nodes
-filter lymph... -help attack bacteria and viruses
Bone Marrow
-immune cell production
61 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 10: Homeostasis
excretory system
excretory system consists of:
Layers of the Epidermis
The ______ produces urine, which dumps…
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
kidney; ureter; renal pelvis; bladder; urethra
excretory system
has many functions:... -regulation of blood pressure... -blood osmo…
excretory system consists of:
kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
308 terms
MCAT Biology
Hemoglobin
Hepatic Portal Vein
Heterozygous
Homologous chromosomes
protein found in erythrocytes made up of four polypeptide cha…
carries nutrients (monosaccharides, amino acids and small fat…
organisms that contain two different alleles for the same gen…
chromosomes in a diploid cell that contain alleles for the sa…
Hemoglobin
protein found in erythrocytes made up of four polypeptide cha…
Hepatic Portal Vein
carries nutrients (monosaccharides, amino acids and small fat…
502 terms
Biology MCAT
Abductor
absorption
acetylcholine
acrosome
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
a neurotransmitter found throughout the nervous system
the large vesicle at the head of a sperm cell containing enzy…
Abductor
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
absorption
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
39 terms
MCAT Biology ch. 10: Homeostasis
excretory system
kidney
urine pathway (3 places)
hilum
serves many functions, including the regulation of blood pres…
- produces urine... - contains a cortex and a medulla
gets dumped into the ureter at the renal pelvis and is then c…
each kidney has one, which contains a renal artery, renal vei…
excretory system
serves many functions, including the regulation of blood pres…
kidney
- produces urine... - contains a cortex and a medulla
49 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 10 - The Immune System
Lymphatic System
Lymph Nodes
Two main types of WBC's aka leukocytes
Immune cells are produced by _________…
a type of circulatory system... Made up of one way vessels that…
Filter lymph and help attack bacteria and viruses
1) granular... 2) agranular
stem cells in bone marrow.
Lymphatic System
a type of circulatory system... Made up of one way vessels that…
Lymph Nodes
Filter lymph and help attack bacteria and viruses
54 terms
MCAT - Biology - Chapter 10: Homeostasis
Excretory System
Excretory System... (anatomy)
Excretory System... (waste pathway)
Kidneys
- regulates blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base balan…
1) kidneys... 2) ureters... 3) bladder... 4) urethra
1) kidneys... 2) renal pelvis... 3) ureters... 4) bladder... 5) urethra
- subdivided into a cortex and medulla... - contains a renal hil…
Excretory System
- regulates blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base balan…
Excretory System... (anatomy)
1) kidneys... 2) ureters... 3) bladder... 4) urethra
54 terms
MCAT - Biology - Chapter 10: Homeostasis
Excretory System
Excretory System... (anatomy)
Excretory System... (waste pathway)
Kidneys
- regulates blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base balan…
1) kidneys... 2) ureters... 3) bladder... 4) urethra
1) kidneys... 2) renal pelvis... 3) ureters... 4) bladder... 5) urethra
- subdivided into a cortex and medulla... - contains a renal hil…
Excretory System
- regulates blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base balan…
Excretory System... (anatomy)
1) kidneys... 2) ureters... 3) bladder... 4) urethra
28 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 10: Homeostasis
excretory system functions
urine pathway
renal hilium
blood flow through the kidney
regulation of blood pressure... blood osmolarity... acid-base balan…
kidney collects... dumps into ureter @ renal pelvis... collected in…
where renal artery, renal vein, and ureter enter/exist the ki…
renal artery --> affrerent arterioles --> glomeruli in BC -->…
excretory system functions
regulation of blood pressure... blood osmolarity... acid-base balan…
urine pathway
kidney collects... dumps into ureter @ renal pelvis... collected in…
94 terms
Mcat: Molecular biology techniques
ELISA
immuno-sorbency
ELISA (biochemical technique)
cytokines
Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay
antigen-antibody interactions
utilizes antigen-antibody (immuno-sorbency) to determine the…
broad and loose category for small proteins involved in cell…
ELISA
Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay
immuno-sorbency
antigen-antibody interactions
60 terms
MCAT - Biology Review - Chapter 10
What four things does the excretory sy…
What is the functional unit of the kid…
What are the two subdivisions of the k…
What is the outermost layer of the kid…
The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
The nephron
The cortex and the medulla
The cortex
What four things does the excretory sy…
The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
What is the functional unit of the kid…
The nephron
94 terms
MCAT Biology Chpt 10- Homeostasis
excretory system
anatomy of the excretory system
nephron
structure of kidney
refulating of blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base bal…
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra ... (kidneys to renal pelvis…
functional unit of the kidney ... all empty into renal pelvis, w…
cortex and medulla ... renal hilum (renal artery, renal vein, an…
excretory system
refulating of blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base bal…
anatomy of the excretory system
kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra ... (kidneys to renal pelvis…
54 terms
MCAT - Biology - Chapter 10: Homeostasis
Excretory System
Excretory System... (anatomy)
Excretory System... (waste pathway)
Kidneys
- regulates blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base balan…
1) kidneys... 2) ureters... 3) bladder... 4) urethra
1) kidneys... 2) renal pelvis... 3) ureters... 4) bladder... 5) urethra
- subdivided into a cortex and medulla... - contains a renal hil…
Excretory System
- regulates blood pressure, blood osmolarity, acid-base balan…
Excretory System... (anatomy)
1) kidneys... 2) ureters... 3) bladder... 4) urethra
48 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 10- Homeostasis
Excretory system
Kidney
Renal hilum
Afferent arterioles
-serves many functions... -regulation of blood pressure... -regulat…
-divided into the cortex (outermost) and medulla (innermost)…
-deep slit in the center of the medial surface of kidney... -ren…
carry blood toward the glomeruil
Excretory system
-serves many functions... -regulation of blood pressure... -regulat…
Kidney
-divided into the cortex (outermost) and medulla (innermost)…
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