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Study sets matching "mcat biology 2"

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Study sets matching "mcat biology 2"

534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
128 terms
MCAT Biology: Reproduction (2)
Cell Cycle
Autosomal Cells
Germ Cells
How many chromosomes do we inherit fro…
Contains four stages: (G1, S, G2), and M... ()- Interphase
- Cells that are diploid (2n) --> contain two copies of each…
- Cells that contain only one copy of each chromosome (haploid)
23 chromosomes.
Cell Cycle
Contains four stages: (G1, S, G2), and M... ()- Interphase
Autosomal Cells
- Cells that are diploid (2n) --> contain two copies of each…
21 terms
MCAT BIOLOGY 1-2
CLASSIFICATION
SPECIES
GENETIC TERMS
HARDY WEINBERG EQUILIBRIUM
DOMAIN, KINGDOM, PHYLUM, CLASS, ORDER, FAMILY, GENUS, SPECIES
ORGANISM THAT CAN REPRODUCE AND CREATE FERTILE OFFSPRING
ALLELE: ONE FORM OF A GENE... POLYMORPHISM: A GENE THAT HAS MULT…
-MUTATIONAL EQUILIBRIUM... - LARGE POPULATION... - RANDOM MATING... -I…
CLASSIFICATION
DOMAIN, KINGDOM, PHYLUM, CLASS, ORDER, FAMILY, GENUS, SPECIES
SPECIES
ORGANISM THAT CAN REPRODUCE AND CREATE FERTILE OFFSPRING
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
118 terms
MCAT biology Ch. 2
Diploid
Haploid
5 stages of cell cycle (in order).
Interphase
(2n) Having two chromosomes of each type per cell
(n) Having only one of each type of chromosome per cell.
G₁ - cell grows and performs its normal functions. DNA is exa…
G₁, S, G₂ stages collectively.... The stage between successive n…
Diploid
(2n) Having two chromosomes of each type per cell
Haploid
(n) Having only one of each type of chromosome per cell.
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
265 terms
MCAT - Biology 2
The Excretory System (Kidneys): Main f…
Vessel Diameter, Average BP, etc.. of…
Bernoulli equation... = pressure is lowe…
"lift"
-Excrete liquid & solute wastes (e.g, excess water, excess…
(why there's "lift" on an airplane wing)
Bernoulli equation
The Excretory System (Kidneys): Main f…
-Excrete liquid & solute wastes (e.g, excess water, excess…
Vessel Diameter, Average BP, etc.. of…
32 terms
MCAT WIMI: Biology 2
G1 Stage
Go stage
S stage
G2 stage
Part of interphase; creates organelles for energy and protein…
Offshoot of G1 stage; Not technically part of interphase, but…
Part of interphase; Cell replicates DNA, creating sister chro…
Part of interphase; Another checkpoint - DNA has already been…
G1 Stage
Part of interphase; creates organelles for energy and protein…
Go stage
Offshoot of G1 stage; Not technically part of interphase, but…
37 terms
MCAT Biology 2 Reproduction
seminiferous tubules
sertoli cells
Leydig cells (interstitial cells)
2 function groups of testes
where sperm is produced
nurishes sperm... located in the seminiferous tubules
secretes testosterones and other male androgens.
seminiferous tubules and interstitial cells of leydig
seminiferous tubules
where sperm is produced
sertoli cells
nurishes sperm... located in the seminiferous tubules
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
102 terms
MCAT Biology 2
Central Dogma
Purines... - which bases?... - how many rings?
Pyrimidines... - which bases?... - how many…
Phosphodiester Bond
DNA → RNA → Protein
Remember: "Pyrimidine" has a "y" in it; so does "cytosine" an…
Joins one nucleotide to the next; between the 3rd C of one ri…
Central Dogma
DNA → RNA → Protein
Purines... - which bases?... - how many rings?
101 terms
MCAT Biology 2: The Cell
Dear King Phillips Cried Out For Good…
Three domains
species
genotype and phenotype
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class Order, Family, Genus, Species
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
loosely limited to all organism that can reproduce fertile of…
genotype describes the chromosomes of an organism while the p…
Dear King Phillips Cried Out For Good…
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class Order, Family, Genus, Species
Three domains
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
50 terms
MCAT Biology Vocab 2
Bacillus
Bacteriophage
Basophil
Bile
Rod-shaped bacterium
Virus that invades bacteria, sometimes uses bacterial RNA and…
Type of granulocytic leukocyte that largely participates in a…
Solution of salts, pigments, cholesterol produced by liver, s…
Bacillus
Rod-shaped bacterium
Bacteriophage
Virus that invades bacteria, sometimes uses bacterial RNA and…
MCAT Biology 2: Reproduction
diploid
haploid
G1, S, and G2 are collectively known as
G1
cells have two copies of each chromosome
cells have one copy of each chromosome
interphase (when DNA is uncoiled as chromatin)
(presynthetic gap). cells create organelles for energy and pr…
diploid
cells have two copies of each chromosome
haploid
cells have one copy of each chromosome
98 terms
MCAT Biology 2
Origin of replication
Bidirectional
Semi-conservative
Semi-discontinous
the location on the chromosome where replication begins. This…
replication occurs in both directions simultaneously.
this means that the the new helices are part old strand and p…
means that it has both a leading strand that is synthesized c…
Origin of replication
the location on the chromosome where replication begins. This…
Bidirectional
replication occurs in both directions simultaneously.
MCAT Biology: Chapter 2
Diploid
Haploid
Cell Cycle
The Cell Cycle Phases
(2n) contain two copies of each chromosome, 46
(n) contain one copy of each chromosome, 23
A series of specific phases in which the cell grows, synthesi…
G1, S, G2, M
Diploid
(2n) contain two copies of each chromosome, 46
Haploid
(n) contain one copy of each chromosome, 23
18 terms
Altius MCAT - Biology 2
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... stimulates the adrenal c…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... surge in LH causes ovula…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... stimulates growth of the…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... stimulates release of T3…
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... stimulates the adrenal c…
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... surge in LH causes ovula…
545 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
29 terms
Biology 2 MCAT
Kidney basic anatomy
Nephron Basic Anatomy
Aldosterone Net effect
ADH
water retention and increased blood pressure via sodium uptake
net effect water retention increased blood pressure collectin…
Kidney basic anatomy
Nephron Basic Anatomy
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
2,000 terms
MCAT Biology 2
Central Dogma
Purines... - which bases?... - how many rings?
Pyrimidines... - which bases?... - how many…
Phosphodiester Bond
DNA → RNA → Protein
Remember: "Pyrimidine" has a "y" in it; so does "cytosine" an…
Joins one nucleotide to the next; between the 3rd C of one ri…
Central Dogma
DNA → RNA → Protein
Purines... - which bases?... - how many rings?
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
236 terms
MCAT - Biology 2
The Excretory System (Kidneys): Main f…
What is the neurotransmitter used at a…
What part of the NS causes dilation of…
Speed of endocrine vs. nervous system…
-Excrete liquid & solute wastes (e.g, excess water, excess…
Acetylcholine (ACh)... [NOT exclusive in the sympathetic NS as…
Sympathetic = pupil dilation... Parasympathetic = pupil constri…
slow vs. fast
The Excretory System (Kidneys): Main f…
-Excrete liquid & solute wastes (e.g, excess water, excess…
What is the neurotransmitter used at a…
Acetylcholine (ACh)... [NOT exclusive in the sympathetic NS as…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
72 terms
MCAT BIOLOGY 2
Domain
Species
genotype
phenotype
A taxonomic category above the kingdom level. The three domai…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Domain
A taxonomic category above the kingdom level. The three domai…
Species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
480 terms
MCAT Biology 2
A major reaction that breaks down all…
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Why is water a liquid at high temperat…
What is an ampipathic molecule?
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen bonds
Hydrogen bonding
A molecule with both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions.
A major reaction that breaks down all…
Hydrolysis
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Hydrogen bonds
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
37 terms
MCAT: Biology 2 - The Cell
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium conditions
Subviral particles
viroids
prions
1. Large population... 2. No mutation... 3. No immigration, emigrat…
infectious agents related to viruses... ie: viroids, prions
naked rings of RNA without capsids that infect plants
infect animals and are capable of reproducing themselves with…
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium conditions
1. Large population... 2. No mutation... 3. No immigration, emigrat…
Subviral particles
infectious agents related to viruses... ie: viroids, prions
99 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 2: Reproduction
diploid
haploid
cell cycle
interphase
(2n) autosomal cells and they contain two copies of each chro…
(n) germ cells and they contain only one copy of each chromos…
a specific series of phases during which a cell grows, synthe…
G1, S, G2 stages of the cell cycle in which the DNA is uncoil…
diploid
(2n) autosomal cells and they contain two copies of each chro…
haploid
(n) germ cells and they contain only one copy of each chromos…
74 terms
MCAT Biology: Chapter 2
Diploid
Haploid
Cell Cycle
The Cell Cycle Phases
(2n) contain two copies of each chromosome, 46
(n) contain one copy of each chromosome, 23
A series of specific phases in which the cell grows, synthesi…
G1, S, G2, M
Diploid
(2n) contain two copies of each chromosome, 46
Haploid
(n) contain one copy of each chromosome, 23
MCAT Biology: Reproduction (2)
G1 Phase
S Phase
G1/S Checkpoint
G2/M Checkpoint
Increase size... Produce mitochondria, ribosomes, ER (for energy…
Gives two identical chromatids bound at centromere
"Restriction Point"... Stops cycle to repair DNA before replicat…
Ensures cells are properly replicated for division... p53 involved
G1 Phase
Increase size... Produce mitochondria, ribosomes, ER (for energy…
S Phase
Gives two identical chromatids bound at centromere
480 terms
MCAT Biology
A major reaction that breaks down all…
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Why is water a liquid at high temperat…
What is an ampipathic molecule?
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen bonds
Hydrogen bonding
A molecule with both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions.
A major reaction that breaks down all…
Hydrolysis
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Hydrogen bonds
45 terms
Biology MCAT 2
Diploid (2n)
Haploid (n)
Interphase
G0 Stage
Autosomal cells are usually these. It means you have two copi…
Germ cells are usually these. It means you have one copy of e…
It includes the first three stages of the cell cycle (G1, S,…
This stage along with G1 is where cells that do not divide sp…
Diploid (2n)
Autosomal cells are usually these. It means you have two copi…
Haploid (n)
Germ cells are usually these. It means you have one copy of e…
44 terms
MCAT Biology Chpater 2
diplod cell
haploid cell
cell cycle
Are animal cells haploid or diploid?
having two chromosomes of each type per cell; symbolized by 2n
having only one of each type of chromosome per cell; symboliz…
- a specific series of phases during which a cell grows, synt…
Diploid, 2n
diplod cell
having two chromosomes of each type per cell; symbolized by 2n
haploid cell
having only one of each type of chromosome per cell; symboliz…
102 terms
MCAT biology 2
soma
nodes of ranvier
electrical synapse
chemical synapse
cell body of a neuron
...
physically connected, AP travels through gap junction, cardia…
...
soma
cell body of a neuron
nodes of ranvier
...
32 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 2
diploid
haploid
Interphase
chromatin
2n, they contain two copies of each chromosome
n, only one copy of each chromosome
longest part of the cell cycle, consisting of G1, S, and G2 p…
non-condensed DNA (not wrapped to histones)
diploid
2n, they contain two copies of each chromosome
haploid
n, only one copy of each chromosome
85 terms
MCAT Biology 2
Autosomal cells
Germ cells
G1 ... S... G2... M
Interphase
diploid (2n) meaning they contain two copies of each chromoso…
haploid (n) meaning they contain only one copy of each chromo…
What are the stages of the cell cycle?
the first three stages (G1, S, G2) and are the longest part o…
Autosomal cells
diploid (2n) meaning they contain two copies of each chromoso…
Germ cells
haploid (n) meaning they contain only one copy of each chromo…
61 terms
mcat biology 2: reproduction
Ova
menstration physical
fallopian tubes
vaginal canal
egg produced in follicles in the ovaries
ova is ovulated into the peritoneal sac and is drawn into the…
connected to the uterus, lower end is called cervix
lies below the cervix and is the site where sperm are deposit…
Ova
egg produced in follicles in the ovaries
menstration physical
ova is ovulated into the peritoneal sac and is drawn into the…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
534 terms
MCAT: Biology
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Mcat Biology 2: Reproduction
The Cell Cycle
Regeneration of cells is...
Interphase
G0
G1, S, G2, and M (and G0)
Mitosis
(G1, S, and G2) spends 90% of its time in interphase.
The cell is simply living and serving its function, without a…
The Cell Cycle
G1, S, G2, and M (and G0)
Regeneration of cells is...
Mitosis
152 terms
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
40 terms
MCAT Biology
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck/Lamarckian ideas
By which shuttle does acetyl-CoA enter…
Fatty acid synthesis
Enteric nervous system
Most of Lamarck's major theories were incorrect; however, he…
Citrate shuttle
Occurs in the cytosol of the liver; involves the transport of…
Intrinsic nervous system; a network of neurons, neurotransmit…
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck/Lamarckian ideas
Most of Lamarck's major theories were incorrect; however, he…
By which shuttle does acetyl-CoA enter…
Citrate shuttle
184 terms
MCAT Biology 2
How do prokaryotes divide
4 phases of the cell cycle
Interphase
G₀
binary fission
G₁ S G₂ M
G₁ S G₂
Phase where cells that enter terminal differentiation spend a…
How do prokaryotes divide
binary fission
4 phases of the cell cycle
G₁ S G₂ M
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