Study sets matching "mcat biology 2"

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Study sets matching "mcat biology 2"

534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
MCAT Biology: Reproduction (2)
Cell Cycle
Autosomal Cells
Germ Cells
How many chromosomes do we inherit fro…
Contains four stages: (G1, S, G2), and M... ()- Interphase
- Cells that are diploid (2n) --> contain two copies of each…
- Cells that contain only one copy of each chromosome (haploid)
23 chromosomes.
Cell Cycle
Contains four stages: (G1, S, G2), and M... ()- Interphase
Autosomal Cells
- Cells that are diploid (2n) --> contain two copies of each…
50 terms
MCAT Biology Vocab 2
Bacillus
Bacteriophage
Basophil
Bile
Rod-shaped bacterium
Virus that invades bacteria, sometimes uses bacterial RNA and…
Type of granulocytic leukocyte that largely participates in a…
Solution of salts, pigments, cholesterol produced by liver, s…
Bacillus
Rod-shaped bacterium
Bacteriophage
Virus that invades bacteria, sometimes uses bacterial RNA and…
21 terms
MCAT BIOLOGY 1-2
CLASSIFICATION
SPECIES
GENETIC TERMS
HARDY WEINBERG EQUILIBRIUM
DOMAIN, KINGDOM, PHYLUM, CLASS, ORDER, FAMILY, GENUS, SPECIES
ORGANISM THAT CAN REPRODUCE AND CREATE FERTILE OFFSPRING
ALLELE: ONE FORM OF A GENE... POLYMORPHISM: A GENE THAT HAS MULT…
-MUTATIONAL EQUILIBRIUM... - LARGE POPULATION... - RANDOM MATING... -I…
CLASSIFICATION
DOMAIN, KINGDOM, PHYLUM, CLASS, ORDER, FAMILY, GENUS, SPECIES
SPECIES
ORGANISM THAT CAN REPRODUCE AND CREATE FERTILE OFFSPRING
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
32 terms
MCAT WIMI: Biology 2
G1 Stage
Go stage
S stage
G2 stage
Part of interphase; creates organelles for energy and protein…
Offshoot of G1 stage; Not technically part of interphase, but…
Part of interphase; Cell replicates DNA, creating sister chro…
Part of interphase; Another checkpoint - DNA has already been…
G1 Stage
Part of interphase; creates organelles for energy and protein…
Go stage
Offshoot of G1 stage; Not technically part of interphase, but…
265 terms
MCAT - Biology 2
The Excretory System (Kidneys): Main f…
Vessel Diameter, Average BP, etc.. of…
Bernoulli equation... = pressure is lowe…
"lift"
-Excrete liquid & solute wastes (e.g, excess water, excess…
(why there's "lift" on an airplane wing)
Bernoulli equation
The Excretory System (Kidneys): Main f…
-Excrete liquid & solute wastes (e.g, excess water, excess…
Vessel Diameter, Average BP, etc.. of…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
37 terms
MCAT Biology 2 Reproduction
seminiferous tubules
sertoli cells
Leydig cells (interstitial cells)
2 function groups of testes
where sperm is produced
nurishes sperm... located in the seminiferous tubules
secretes testosterones and other male androgens.
seminiferous tubules and interstitial cells of leydig
seminiferous tubules
where sperm is produced
sertoli cells
nurishes sperm... located in the seminiferous tubules
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
18 terms
Altius MCAT - Biology 2
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... stimulates the adrenal c…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... surge in LH causes ovula…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... stimulates growth of the…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... stimulates release of T3…
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... stimulates the adrenal c…
(Hormone name, origin, class, function…
Ant. Pituitary... Peptide/water soluble... surge in LH causes ovula…
MCAT Biology: Chapter 2
Diploid
Haploid
Cell Cycle
The Cell Cycle Phases
(2n) contain two copies of each chromosome, 46
(n) contain one copy of each chromosome, 23
A series of specific phases in which the cell grows, synthesi…
G1, S, G2, M
Diploid
(2n) contain two copies of each chromosome, 46
Haploid
(n) contain one copy of each chromosome, 23
99 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 2: Reproduction
diploid
haploid
cell cycle
interphase
(2n) autosomal cells and they contain two copies of each chro…
(n) germ cells and they contain only one copy of each chromos…
a specific series of phases during which a cell grows, synthe…
G1, S, G2 stages of the cell cycle in which the DNA is uncoil…
diploid
(2n) autosomal cells and they contain two copies of each chro…
haploid
(n) germ cells and they contain only one copy of each chromos…
128 terms
MCAT Biology: Reproduction (2)
Cell Cycle
Autosomal Cells
Germ Cells
How many chromosomes do we inherit fro…
Contains four stages: (G1, S, G2), and M... ()- Interphase
- Cells that are diploid (2n) --> contain two copies of each…
- Cells that contain only one copy of each chromosome (haploid)
23 chromosomes.
Cell Cycle
Contains four stages: (G1, S, G2), and M... ()- Interphase
Autosomal Cells
- Cells that are diploid (2n) --> contain two copies of each…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
29 terms
Biology 2 MCAT
Kidney basic anatomy
Nephron Basic Anatomy
Aldosterone Net effect
ADH
water retention and increased blood pressure via sodium uptake
net effect water retention increased blood pressure collectin…
Kidney basic anatomy
Nephron Basic Anatomy
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
534 terms
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
MCAT 2015: Biology 2
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
72 terms
MCAT BIOLOGY 2
Domain
Species
genotype
phenotype
A taxonomic category above the kingdom level. The three domai…
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Domain
A taxonomic category above the kingdom level. The three domai…
Species
A group of similar organisms that can breed and produce ferti…
MCAT Biology 2
A major reaction that breaks down all…
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Why is water a liquid at high temperat…
What is an ampipathic molecule?
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen bonds
Hydrogen bonding
A molecule with both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions.
A major reaction that breaks down all…
Hydrolysis
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Hydrogen bonds
17 terms
MCAT biology Ch. 2
transcription factors
SRY
seminiferous tubules
interstitial cells of leydig
when phosphorylated by CDK cyclin complex promotes transcript…
sex determining region Y codes for a transcription factor tha…
where sperm developed and nourished by sertoli cells
secrete testosterone and other male sex hormones like androgen
transcription factors
when phosphorylated by CDK cyclin complex promotes transcript…
SRY
sex determining region Y codes for a transcription factor tha…
2,000 terms
MCAT Biology 2
Central Dogma
Purines... - which bases?... - how many rings?
Pyrimidines... - which bases?... - how many…
Phosphodiester Bond
DNA → RNA → Protein
Remember: "Pyrimidine" has a "y" in it; so does "cytosine" an…
Joins one nucleotide to the next; between the 3rd C of one ri…
Central Dogma
DNA → RNA → Protein
Purines... - which bases?... - how many rings?
534 terms
MCAT: Biology
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
236 terms
MCAT - Biology 2
The Excretory System (Kidneys): Main f…
What is the neurotransmitter used at a…
What part of the NS causes dilation of…
Speed of endocrine vs. nervous system…
-Excrete liquid & solute wastes (e.g, excess water, excess…
Acetylcholine (ACh)... [NOT exclusive in the sympathetic NS as…
Sympathetic = pupil dilation... Parasympathetic = pupil constri…
slow vs. fast
The Excretory System (Kidneys): Main f…
-Excrete liquid & solute wastes (e.g, excess water, excess…
What is the neurotransmitter used at a…
Acetylcholine (ACh)... [NOT exclusive in the sympathetic NS as…
mcat biology 2: reproduction
Ova
menstration physical
fallopian tubes
vaginal canal
egg produced in follicles in the ovaries
ova is ovulated into the peritoneal sac and is drawn into the…
connected to the uterus, lower end is called cervix
lies below the cervix and is the site where sperm are deposit…
Ova
egg produced in follicles in the ovaries
menstration physical
ova is ovulated into the peritoneal sac and is drawn into the…
102 terms
MCAT Biology 2
Central Dogma
Purines... - which bases?... - how many rings?
Pyrimidines... - which bases?... - how many…
Phosphodiester Bond
DNA → RNA → Protein
Remember: "Pyrimidine" has a "y" in it; so does "cytosine" an…
Joins one nucleotide to the next; between the 3rd C of one ri…
Central Dogma
DNA → RNA → Protein
Purines... - which bases?... - how many rings?
759 terms
MCAT Biology 2
5' cap... nucleotide? necessary bc?
A band... regions? gives what appearance…
Absolute refractory period... AP?
Accessory glands... -3?
a methylated guanine nucleotide added to the 5' end of eukary…
The band of the sarcomere that extends the full length of the…
A period of time following an action potential during which n…
The three glands in the male reproductive system that reprodu…
5' cap... nucleotide? necessary bc?
a methylated guanine nucleotide added to the 5' end of eukary…
A band... regions? gives what appearance…
The band of the sarcomere that extends the full length of the…
45 terms
Biology MCAT 2
Diploid (2n)
Haploid (n)
Interphase
G0 Stage
Autosomal cells are usually these. It means you have two copi…
Germ cells are usually these. It means you have one copy of e…
It includes the first three stages of the cell cycle (G1, S,…
This stage along with G1 is where cells that do not divide sp…
Diploid (2n)
Autosomal cells are usually these. It means you have two copi…
Haploid (n)
Germ cells are usually these. It means you have one copy of e…
102 terms
MCAT biology 2
soma
nodes of ranvier
electrical synapse
chemical synapse
cell body of a neuron
...
physically connected, AP travels through gap junction, cardia…
...
soma
cell body of a neuron
nodes of ranvier
...
85 terms
MCAT Biology 2
Autosomal cells
Germ cells
G1 ... S... G2... M
Interphase
diploid (2n) meaning they contain two copies of each chromoso…
haploid (n) meaning they contain only one copy of each chromo…
What are the stages of the cell cycle?
the first three stages (G1, S, G2) and are the longest part o…
Autosomal cells
diploid (2n) meaning they contain two copies of each chromoso…
Germ cells
haploid (n) meaning they contain only one copy of each chromo…
15 terms
MCAT Biology: Kaplan (2)
lysogenic cycle
(cyclins/cyclin-dependent kinases) CDK
spindle apparatus
seminiferous tubules
virus integrates into host genome as provirus or prophage, wh…
cyclins bind to CDKs, phosphorylating and activating transcri…
forms in prophase of mitosis; kinetochore of each chromosome…
houses development of sperm in testes
lysogenic cycle
virus integrates into host genome as provirus or prophage, wh…
(cyclins/cyclin-dependent kinases) CDK
cyclins bind to CDKs, phosphorylating and activating transcri…
80 terms
Kaplan MCAT Biology: Chapter 2
Diploid
Haploid
Cell Cycle
The Cell Cycle Phases
(2n) contain two copies of each chromosome, 46
(n) contain one copy of each chromosome, 23
A series of specific phases in which the cell grows, synthesi…
G1, S, G2, M
Diploid
(2n) contain two copies of each chromosome, 46
Haploid
(n) contain one copy of each chromosome, 23
Mcat Biology 2: Reproduction
The Cell Cycle
Regeneration of cells is...
Interphase
G0
G1, S, G2, and M (and G0)
Mitosis
(G1, S, and G2) spends 90% of its time in interphase.
The cell is simply living and serving its function, without a…
The Cell Cycle
G1, S, G2, and M (and G0)
Regeneration of cells is...
Mitosis
37 terms
MCAT: Biology 2 - The Cell
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium conditions
Subviral particles
viroids
prions
1. Large population... 2. No mutation... 3. No immigration, emigrat…
infectious agents related to viruses... ie: viroids, prions
naked rings of RNA without capsids that infect plants
infect animals and are capable of reproducing themselves with…
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium conditions
1. Large population... 2. No mutation... 3. No immigration, emigrat…
Subviral particles
infectious agents related to viruses... ie: viroids, prions
MCAT Biology 2: Reproduction
diploid
haploid
G1, S, and G2 are collectively known as
G1
cells have two copies of each chromosome
cells have one copy of each chromosome
interphase (when DNA is uncoiled as chromatin)
(presynthetic gap). cells create organelles for energy and pr…
diploid
cells have two copies of each chromosome
haploid
cells have one copy of each chromosome
24 terms
MCAT Biology Quicksheet 2
alveoli
memory cells
plasma cells
IgA, IgE, IgD, IgG, IgM
terminal air sacs that constitute the gas exchange surface of…
remember antigen and speed up secondary response
make and release antibodies
types of antibodies
alveoli
terminal air sacs that constitute the gas exchange surface of…
memory cells
remember antigen and speed up secondary response
125 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 2
Diploid
Haploid
Interphase
Cell cycle
Ploidy of cells with two copies of each chromosome
Ploidy of cells with 1 copy of each chromosome
Stage of cell cycle including G1, S, and G2 stages. Accounts…
A specific series of phases during which a cell grows, synthe…
Diploid
Ploidy of cells with two copies of each chromosome
Haploid
Ploidy of cells with 1 copy of each chromosome
54 terms
MCAT Biology 2: Reproduction
How many stages of the cell cycle are…
What is interphase?
What happens during G1?
What is the restriction point?
There are 5 stages... G1... S... G2... M... G0
G1, S, and G2, where DNA is uncoiled to form chromatin (easie…
"presynthetic gap"... Cells create organelles and grow in size
Where DNA is checked for quality during G1 before the cell is…
How many stages of the cell cycle are…
There are 5 stages... G1... S... G2... M... G0
What is interphase?
G1, S, and G2, where DNA is uncoiled to form chromatin (easie…
32 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 2
diploid
haploid
Interphase
chromatin
2n, they contain two copies of each chromosome
n, only one copy of each chromosome
longest part of the cell cycle, consisting of G1, S, and G2 p…
non-condensed DNA (not wrapped to histones)
diploid
2n, they contain two copies of each chromosome
haploid
n, only one copy of each chromosome
MCAT Biology Part 2
protherians
metatherians
Cell Cycle
interphase
mammals that have their babies in eggs
mammals that have baby in mother's uterus
1. G1... 2. S... 3. G2... 4. M ... G1-G2 = interphase - most of time here…
cell has chromatin DNA - uncoiled (coiled and packed in proph…
protherians
mammals that have their babies in eggs
metatherians
mammals that have baby in mother's uterus
MCAT biology chapter 2
diploid
haploid
interphase
G1 Stage
cells that contain two copies of each chromosome
cells containing only one copy of each chromosome
longest part of cell cycle; contains other stages, but in gen…
cells create organelles
diploid
cells that contain two copies of each chromosome
haploid
cells containing only one copy of each chromosome
94 terms
MCAT: Biology - Chapter 2
Autosomal cells
Germ cells
G1, S, G2
G0
These cells contain two copies of each non-sex chromosome
These cells contain one copy of sex chromosomes
What phases are part of interphase?
In this stage of the cell cycle, the cell is living and funct…
Autosomal cells
These cells contain two copies of each non-sex chromosome
Germ cells
These cells contain one copy of sex chromosomes
MCAT Biology - Chapter 2
diploid
haploid
interphase
G1 phase (presynthetic gap)
2n; cells have two copies of each chromosome
n; cells have one copy of each chromosome
G1, S, G2;
cells create organelles for energy and protein production, wh…
diploid
2n; cells have two copies of each chromosome
haploid
n; cells have one copy of each chromosome
MCAT Biology Chapter 2
chromatin
G1
S Phase
p53
less condensed form of DNA not visible under a microscope. Pr…
create organelles for protein and energy production
DNA is replicated, chromatids
important checkpoint protein, plays a role in both major chec…
chromatin
less condensed form of DNA not visible under a microscope. Pr…
G1
create organelles for protein and energy production
MCAT Biology Ch 2
Stages of Cell Cycle
Checkpoints of Cell Cycle
CDKs
Cancer - oncogenes and tumor suppresso…
Go (Offshoot of G1, no prep for division - just living) > G1…
G1/S (p53 protein controls this) - Is DNA in good shape for s…
Cyclin-dependent Kinases - responsible for cell cycle. Cyclin…
Oncogenes (actively promote cell division). Tumor suppressor…
Stages of Cell Cycle
Go (Offshoot of G1, no prep for division - just living) > G1…
Checkpoints of Cell Cycle
G1/S (p53 protein controls this) - Is DNA in good shape for s…
152 terms
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
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