How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "mcat biology 3"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "mcat biology 3"

93 terms
Altius MCAT - Biology 3
Function of digestion
Physical digestion
Chemical digestion
liver
digestion, to separate food molecules from each other (physic…
mastication... stomach churning... emulsification (breaking up)
breakdown of bonds via digestive enzymes
A large solid organ that lies in the right upper quadrant imm…
Function of digestion
digestion, to separate food molecules from each other (physic…
Physical digestion
mastication... stomach churning... emulsification (breaking up)
MCAT Biology: Chapter 3
Fertilization
Dizygotic Twins
Monozygotic Twins
Cleavage
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Fertilization of two different eggs released during one ovula…
Single zygote splits into two. Genome of the offspring are id…
Rapid mitotic cell divisions that occur as a zygote moves to…
Fertilization
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Dizygotic Twins
Fertilization of two different eggs released during one ovula…
93 terms
MCAT - Biology 3
Function of digestion
Physical digestion
Chemical digestion
liver
digestion, to separate food molecules from each other (physic…
mastication... stomach churning... emulsification (breaking up)
breakdown of bonds via digestive enzymes
A large solid organ that lies in the right upper quadrant imm…
Function of digestion
digestion, to separate food molecules from each other (physic…
Physical digestion
mastication... stomach churning... emulsification (breaking up)
93 terms
MCAT - Biology 3
Function of digestion
Physical digestion
Chemical digestion
liver
digestion, to separate food molecules from each other (physic…
mastication... stomach churning... emulsification (breaking up)
breakdown of bonds via digestive enzymes
A large solid organ that lies in the right upper quadrant imm…
Function of digestion
digestion, to separate food molecules from each other (physic…
Physical digestion
mastication... stomach churning... emulsification (breaking up)
63 terms
Kaplan MCAT Biology: Chapter 3
Fertilization
Cortical reaction
Dizygotic Twins
Monozygotic Twins
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Once sperm penetrates egg, this reaction occurs=Ca ion releas…
Fertilization of two different eggs released during one ovula…
Single zygote splits into two. Genome of the offspring are id…
Fertilization
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Cortical reaction
Once sperm penetrates egg, this reaction occurs=Ca ion releas…
50 terms
MCAT Biology: Chapter 3
Fertilization
Dizygotic Twins
Monozygotic Twins
Cleavage
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Fertilization of two different eggs released during one ovula…
Single zygote splits into two. Genome of the offspring are id…
Rapid mitotic cell divisions that occur as a zygote moves to…
Fertilization
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Dizygotic Twins
Fertilization of two different eggs released during one ovula…
67 terms
MCAT - Biology - Lesson 3
Bacteriophage (diagram)
Capsid
Envelope (virus)
Viral infection: process
Virus that infects bacteria.
Protein coat of a virus that contains the nucleic acid (eithe…
Lipid-rich, contains virus-specific proteins, either taken fr…
1. Virus adsorbs to chemical receptor site (usually glycoprot…
Bacteriophage (diagram)
Virus that infects bacteria.
Capsid
Protein coat of a virus that contains the nucleic acid (eithe…
10 terms
Chapter 3 Biology (MCAT)
Protein functions
Building blocks of proteins
Amino acid structure
Side chain
• Proteins are biological macromolecules that act as... o Enzyme…
• Amino acids... • Linked together in polymers... • 20 different am…
• Variable "R" group... • Unique chemical and physical properties
Protein functions
• Proteins are biological macromolecules that act as... o Enzyme…
Building blocks of proteins
• Amino acids... • Linked together in polymers... • 20 different am…
84 terms
MCAT Biology Ch. 3
ampulla
acrosomal enzymes
acrosomal apparatus
cortical reaction
widest part of fallopian tube where fertilization usually occ…
released by sperm at fertilization to allow for head of sperm…
tubelike structure that forms when sperm first comes into dir…
occurs after sperm penetrates oocyte --> release of calcium i…
ampulla
widest part of fallopian tube where fertilization usually occ…
acrosomal enzymes
released by sperm at fertilization to allow for head of sperm…
480 terms
MCAT Biology
A major reaction that breaks down all…
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Why is water a liquid at high temperat…
What is an ampipathic molecule?
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen bonds
Hydrogen bonding
A molecule with both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions.
A major reaction that breaks down all…
Hydrolysis
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Hydrogen bonds
140 terms
MCAT Biology 3
rhabdo-
myo-
-lysis
Two types of skeletons
refers to the skeleton
refers to muscle
refers to breakdown
exoskeleton & endoskeleton
rhabdo-
refers to the skeleton
myo-
refers to muscle
15 terms
MCAT Biology: Kaplan (3)
glomerulus
intrinsic factor
testosterone
hypodermis
network of capillaries within Bowman's capsule that serves as…
protein secreted by parietal cells of stomach that is necessa…
secreted by interstitial cells; responsible for embryonic sex…
layer of loose connective tissue below the dermis that binds…
glomerulus
network of capillaries within Bowman's capsule that serves as…
intrinsic factor
protein secreted by parietal cells of stomach that is necessa…
534 terms
MCAT: Biology
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
152 terms
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
104 terms
MCAT Biology CH 3
day 14
Fallopian tubes
Ampulla
Acrosomal enzymes
A secondary oocyte is ovulated from the follicle on approxima…
Where the secondary oocyte travels where it can be fertilized…
where fertilization usually occurs; the widest part of the fa…
When the sperm meets the secondary oocyte in the fallopian tu…
day 14
A secondary oocyte is ovulated from the follicle on approxima…
Fallopian tubes
Where the secondary oocyte travels where it can be fertilized…
85 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 3
Fertilization
Ampulla
Acrosomal enzymes
Acrosomal apparatus
The joining of a sperm and an ovum
Location in the fallopian tube where fertilization usually oc…
Enzymes used by sperm to penetrate the corona radiate and zon…
A tubelike structure that sperm forms when it comes into dire…
Fertilization
The joining of a sperm and an ovum
Ampulla
Location in the fallopian tube where fertilization usually oc…
63 terms
Biology MCAT Unit 3
Fertilization
Early development stages
Acrosomal Apparatus
Zygote
joining of a sperm and an ovum
the sperm uses acrosomal enzymes to penetrate the corona radi…
Once it contacts the oocyte's plasma membrane, the sperm esta…
prevents additional sperm from fertilizing the egg and increa…
Fertilization
joining of a sperm and an ovum
Early development stages
the sperm uses acrosomal enzymes to penetrate the corona radi…
40 terms
MCAT Biology
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck/Lamarckian ideas
By which shuttle does acetyl-CoA enter…
Fatty acid synthesis
Enteric nervous system
Most of Lamarck's major theories were incorrect; however, he…
Citrate shuttle
Occurs in the cytosol of the liver; involves the transport of…
Intrinsic nervous system; a network of neurons, neurotransmit…
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck/Lamarckian ideas
Most of Lamarck's major theories were incorrect; however, he…
By which shuttle does acetyl-CoA enter…
Citrate shuttle
14 terms
MCAT Biology CH 3
Disaccharide
Polysaccharides
Lipids
Nucleotides
2 monosaccharides joined by glycosidic linkage... Common: maltos…
Multiple monosaccharides... Glycogen and starch = storage units…
Found in forms: triacylglycerides and phospholipids (linear)…
pentose sugar, purine/pyrimidine base, and 2-3 phosphate units
Disaccharide
2 monosaccharides joined by glycosidic linkage... Common: maltos…
Polysaccharides
Multiple monosaccharides... Glycogen and starch = storage units…
54 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 3
ampulla
acrosomal apparatus
cortical reaction
fertilization membrane
widest part of fallopian tube where fertilization occurs
part of sperm that extends to and penetrates membrane of ovum…
a release of calcium ions that depolarize the membrane of the…
depolarized + impenetrable membrane
ampulla
widest part of fallopian tube where fertilization occurs
acrosomal apparatus
part of sperm that extends to and penetrates membrane of ovum…
34 terms
MCAT biology chapter 3
cortical reaction
cleavage
morula
blastula
once one sperm penetrates the ovum, calcium ions depolarize t…
rapid division of cells without increasing size
solid ball of 8?cells
a hollow ball of cells
cortical reaction
once one sperm penetrates the ovum, calcium ions depolarize t…
cleavage
rapid division of cells without increasing size
85 terms
MCAT: Biology - Chapter 3
Ampulla
F (Secondary)
Penetrates the cell membrane
After meiosis II is completed
Where in the fallopian tube does fertilization occur?
T/F: Sperm penetrates the primary oocyte
What do acrosomal enzymes do?
When does the pronucleus of the sperm cell enter the oocyte?
Ampulla
Where in the fallopian tube does fertilization occur?
F (Secondary)
T/F: Sperm penetrates the primary oocyte
MCAT Biology 3: Embryogenesis and Development
fertilization
dizygotic twins
monozygotic twins
cleavage
sperm meets secondary oocyte in the ampulla (widest part of t…
fraternal twins. form from the fertilization of two different…
identical twins. forms when a single zygote splits into two
when the zygote undergoes rapid mitotic cell divisions while…
fertilization
sperm meets secondary oocyte in the ampulla (widest part of t…
dizygotic twins
fraternal twins. form from the fertilization of two different…
37 terms
MCAT Biology 3 embryogenesis and development
cortical reaction
Cleavage
Morula
Blastulation
release of calcium ions after penetration of sperm of cell me…
can be inderterminate or determinate... indeterminate causes tw…
looks like a mulbeery (solid ball of cells)
forms the blastula ... which contains an fluid inner cavity cal…
cortical reaction
release of calcium ions after penetration of sperm of cell me…
Cleavage
can be inderterminate or determinate... indeterminate causes tw…
50 terms
MCAT Biology: Chapter 3
Fertilization
Dizygotic Twins
Monozygotic Twins
Cleavage
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Fertilization of two different eggs released during one ovula…
Single zygote splits into two. Genome of the offspring are id…
Rapid mitotic cell divisions that occur as a zygote moves to…
Fertilization
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Dizygotic Twins
Fertilization of two different eggs released during one ovula…
152 terms
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
41 terms
MCAT Biology: 3
Acrosomal Apparatus
Cortical Reaction
Dizygotic Twins
Monozygotic Twins
Tube formed between sperm cell and egg cell membrane which al…
Release of calcium ions upon fertilization; increases metabol…
Fraternal Twins; Two eggs fertilized by two sperm
Result from a zygote splitting into two (pre-determination)
Acrosomal Apparatus
Tube formed between sperm cell and egg cell membrane which al…
Cortical Reaction
Release of calcium ions upon fertilization; increases metabol…
59 terms
Biology MCAT Ch 3
ampulla
acrosomal apparatus
cortical reaction
fertilization membrane
widest part of fallopian tube, where fertilization usually oc…
tubelike structure formed when sperm first binds to secondary…
after penetration of sperm through cell membrane, release of…
depolarized, impenetrable
ampulla
widest part of fallopian tube, where fertilization usually oc…
acrosomal apparatus
tubelike structure formed when sperm first binds to secondary…
73 terms
MCAT Biology 3: Embryogenesis and Development
Ampulla
Acrosomal apparatus
Cortical reaction
Fertilization membrane
Widest part of the fallopian tube, where fertilization typica…
Tubular structure formed by the sperm cell to penetrate the e…
Depolarization of the egg cell membrane upon contact with a s…
Depolarized membrane of a fertilized ovum that is impermeable…
Ampulla
Widest part of the fallopian tube, where fertilization typica…
Acrosomal apparatus
Tubular structure formed by the sperm cell to penetrate the e…
63 terms
Kaplan MCAT Biology: Chapter 3
Fertilization
Cortical reaction
Dizygotic Twins
Monozygotic Twins
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Once sperm penetrates egg, this reaction occurs=Ca ion releas…
Fertilization of two different eggs released during one ovula…
Single zygote splits into two. Genome of the offspring are id…
Fertilization
Occurs in the widest part of the fallopian tube, the ampulla.…
Cortical reaction
Once sperm penetrates egg, this reaction occurs=Ca ion releas…
50 terms
MCAT biology chapter 3
Fertilization
Ampulla
Acrosomal Apparatus
Cortical Reaction
joining of sperm and ovum
where fertilization occurs
injects nucleus
sperm relases Ca+ to prevent additional fertilization and inc…
Fertilization
joining of sperm and ovum
Ampulla
where fertilization occurs
10 terms
MCAT Biology Set 3
cellular respiration
overall reaction for cellular respirat…
how much energy does this provide?
How many molecules of ATP are created…
principal metabolic pathway for generating energy for the cell
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + chemical energy + Heat
oxidation of glucose yields 686 kcal of energy per mole of gl…
38 ATP
cellular respiration
principal metabolic pathway for generating energy for the cell
overall reaction for cellular respirat…
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + chemical energy + Heat
308 terms
MCAT Biology
Hemoglobin
Hepatic Portal Vein
Heterozygous
Homologous chromosomes
protein found in erythrocytes made up of four polypeptide cha…
carries nutrients (monosaccharides, amino acids and small fat…
organisms that contain two different alleles for the same gen…
chromosomes in a diploid cell that contain alleles for the sa…
Hemoglobin
protein found in erythrocytes made up of four polypeptide cha…
Hepatic Portal Vein
carries nutrients (monosaccharides, amino acids and small fat…
16 terms
MCAT biology chapter 3
What is the bond between two sugar mol…
What kind of bond is a glycosidic link…
What are three physiological roles of…
What is the main characteristic of the…
Glycosidic linkage.
Covalent formed by dehydration reaction.
1) in adipose tissue, triglycerides store energy. ... 2) in cell…
It is hydrophobic
What is the bond between two sugar mol…
Glycosidic linkage.
What kind of bond is a glycosidic link…
Covalent formed by dehydration reaction.
41 terms
MCAT Biology 3
The Digestive System
Organs
Four Stomach lining Cell types
Liver
It first separates food molecules from each other(physical di…
Mouth: Saliva lubricates and cleanses and it contains the enz…
1) Mucous neck cells secrete mucous into the gastric pits whi…
It is the metabolic brain of the body. It regulates blood con…
The Digestive System
It first separates food molecules from each other(physical di…
Organs
Mouth: Saliva lubricates and cleanses and it contains the enz…
71 terms
MCAT Biology 1-3
biological macromolecules
polymerases
primary structure
secondary structure
ALL POLYMERS... proteins... carbohydrates... lipids... nucleic acids
make polymers from monomers... make via polymerization... usually t…
amino acid sequence
-alpha helix and beta pleated sheets... -interactions bw backbones
biological macromolecules
ALL POLYMERS... proteins... carbohydrates... lipids... nucleic acids
polymerases
make polymers from monomers... make via polymerization... usually t…
61 terms
MCAT Biology 3
ampulla
acrosomal apparatus
cortical reaction
fertilization membrane
widest part of fallopian tubes where fertilization generally…
tubelike structure formed when sperm meets ovum to penetrate…
release of calcium ions upon joining of sperm and ovum, which…
the depolarized and impenetrable membrane of the zygote after…
ampulla
widest part of fallopian tubes where fertilization generally…
acrosomal apparatus
tubelike structure formed when sperm meets ovum to penetrate…
26 terms
MCAT - BIOLOGY 3
Ampulla
Morula
Blastula
Deuterostomes
The widest part of the fallopian tube
The embryo has undergone several cleavage events at this point
A hollow ball of cells with a fluid-filled inner cavity
The blastopore develops into the anus
Ampulla
The widest part of the fallopian tube
Morula
The embryo has undergone several cleavage events at this point
24 terms
MCAT Biology Ch. 3
what is the widest part of the fallopi…
the mammalian blastula consist of what…
the inner cell mass protrudes into the…
the trophoblastic cells give rise to the
ampulla
trophoblast, inner cell mass
the organism
chorion
what is the widest part of the fallopi…
ampulla
the mammalian blastula consist of what…
trophoblast, inner cell mass
61 terms
MCAT Biology CH. 3 (Embryogenesis)
On what day of the menstrual cycle is…
How long after ovulation can a seconda…
ampulla
cortical reaction
14
24 hrs
widest part of fallopian tube where fertilization occurs
after a sperm has pumped its pronucleus into the zona pedecul…
On what day of the menstrual cycle is…
14
How long after ovulation can a seconda…
24 hrs
37 terms
MCAT Biology: Chapter 3
______________ is the joining of a spe…
Fertilization usually occurs in the __…
The sperm uses _________ enzymes to pe…
Once it contacts the oocyte's plasma m…
Fertilization
ampulla
acrosomal
acrosomal apparatus
______________ is the joining of a spe…
Fertilization
Fertilization usually occurs in the __…
ampulla
15 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 3
ampulla
acrosomal apparatus
cortical reaction and its importance
Two mechanisms of twin formation
widest part of the Fallopian tube where fertilization usually…
tubelike structure formed by the sperm that is used to penetr…
release of calcium ions by the secondary oocyte that causes d…
Dizygotic (fraternal) and monozygotic (identical)
ampulla
widest part of the Fallopian tube where fertilization usually…
acrosomal apparatus
tubelike structure formed by the sperm that is used to penetr…
287 terms
MCAT Unit 3 Biology/ Biochemistry
pharynx and larynx
how do we keep food out of the respira…
surfactant
the right lung has _____ lobes and the…
pharynx- pathway for food going to esophagus and air going to…
the opening of the larynx (glottis) is covered by the epiglot…
a detergent that lowers the surface tension and prevents the…
right lung has 3 lobes and the left lung has 2 lobes
pharynx and larynx
pharynx- pathway for food going to esophagus and air going to…
how do we keep food out of the respira…
the opening of the larynx (glottis) is covered by the epiglot…
81 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 3: Embryogenesis and Development
ampulla
fertilization
The sperm uses _______ to penetrate th…
Once is contacts the oocyte's plasma m…
widest part of the fallopian tube
the joining of a sperm and an ovum
acrosomal enzymes
acrosomal apparatus
ampulla
widest part of the fallopian tube
fertilization
the joining of a sperm and an ovum
59 terms
Biology MCAT - Chapter 3
Fertilization
Ampulla
Sperm's Fertilization Actions
Cortical Reaction
joining of the sperm and the ovum
top part of the fallopian tube;... where fertilization occurs
1. uses acrosomal enzymes to penetrate corona radiata and zon…
a release of Ca2+ when sperm penetrates ovum; prevents other…
Fertilization
joining of the sperm and the ovum
Ampulla
top part of the fallopian tube;... where fertilization occurs
42 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 3
What are the 3 physiological roles tha…
what are lipids?
In what types of cells do triglyceride…
What is the cardinal characteristics o…
--in adipose cells, triglycerides (fats) store energy ... --in c…
oily or fatty substances
adipose
its hydrophobicity
What are the 3 physiological roles tha…
--in adipose cells, triglycerides (fats) store energy ... --in c…
what are lipids?
oily or fatty substances
58 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 3
ampulla
acrosomal apparatus
cortical reaction
fertilization membrane
site of fertilization, widest part of fallopian tube
tubelike structure which extends from the sperm to the egg an…
release of calcium ions, depolarize the membrane of the ovum,…
depolarized and impenetrable membrane of egg after cortical r…
ampulla
site of fertilization, widest part of fallopian tube
acrosomal apparatus
tubelike structure which extends from the sperm to the egg an…
502 terms
Biology MCAT
Abductor
absorption
acetylcholine
acrosome
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
a neurotransmitter found throughout the nervous system
the large vesicle at the head of a sperm cell containing enzy…
Abductor
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
absorption
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
50 terms
MCAT Biology- Chapter 3
fertilization
ampulla
acrosomal apparatus
cortical reaction
the joining of a sperm and an ovum
location where fertilization occurs in the fallopian tube
sperm establishes this once it contacts the oocyte's plasma m…
release of calcium ions, preventing more sperm from entering
fertilization
the joining of a sperm and an ovum
ampulla
location where fertilization occurs in the fallopian tube
15 terms
MCAT biology chapter 3
What is the bond between two sugar mol…
What kind of bond is a glycosidic link…
What are three physiological roles of…
What is the main characteristic of the…
Glycosidic linkage.
Covalent formed by dehydration reaction.
1) in adipose tissue, triglycerides store energy. ... 2) in cell…
It is hydrophobic
What is the bond between two sugar mol…
Glycosidic linkage.
What kind of bond is a glycosidic link…
Covalent formed by dehydration reaction.
1 of 10