Study sets matching "mcat biology 9"

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Study sets matching "mcat biology 9"

MCAT Biology: Chapter 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
Source of extracellular digestion, runs from the mouth to the…
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules: lip…
Intracellular Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
Extracellular Digestion
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
MCAT Biology: Ch. 9
Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Absorption
The breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules:…
The physical breakdown of large food particles into smaller f…
The enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as the peptide…
The transport of products of digestion from the digestive tra…
Digestion
The breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules:…
Mechanical Digestion
The physical breakdown of large food particles into smaller f…
57 terms
MCAT Biology 9
involves the oxidation of glucose and…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary…
physical breakdown of large food parti…
enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds
intracellular digestion
extracellular digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and…
intracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary…
extracellular digestion
32 terms
MCAT Biology Ch. 9
CHAPTER 9: THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
9.1: ANATOMY OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
What is the pathway food takes through…
What is the Enteric Nervous System?
...
...
-oral cavity-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-small intestine-large…
-it is a collection of one hundred million neurons that gover…
CHAPTER 9: THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
...
9.1: ANATOMY OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
...
52 terms
MCAT Biology: Chapter 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
Source of extracellular digestion, runs from the mouth to the…
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules: lip…
Intracellular Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
Extracellular Digestion
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
128 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 9
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
Alimentary canal
Sphincters
Digestion involving the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids…
Process by which nutrients are obtained form food, occurring…
Canal that runs from the mouth to the anus, and is sectioned…
Circular smooth muscles around the alimentary canal that can…
Intracellular digestion
Digestion involving the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids…
Extracellular digestion
Process by which nutrients are obtained form food, occurring…
MCAT Biology: Chapter 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
Source of extracellular digestion, runs from the mouth to the…
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules: lip…
Intracellular Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
Extracellular Digestion
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
126 terms
Biology MCAT - Chapter 9
Intracellular (Digestion)
Extracellular (Digestion)
Alimentary (Canal)
Sphincters
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
runs from the mouth to the anus;... is sectioned off by sphincters
circular smooth muscles around the canal that can contract to…
Intracellular (Digestion)
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular (Digestion)
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
59 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 9
intracellular digestion
alimentary canal
extracellular digestion
digestion
a part of metabolism involving oxidation of glucose and fatty…
the lumen of the GI tract
in alimentary canal by chemical and mechanical means
the breakdown of food into constituent molecules, mechanical…
intracellular digestion
a part of metabolism involving oxidation of glucose and fatty…
alimentary canal
the lumen of the GI tract
MCAT Biology (Chapter 9)
Peptide Hormones
Steroid Hormones
Physiological Endpoint
Thryoid Hormone
Made in the RER and modified in the Golgi apparatus; result i…
Synthesized from cholesterol in SER, not stored, alter gene e…
Must be maintained at constant levels.
Produced from tyrosine in thyroid gland to increase metabolic…
Peptide Hormones
Made in the RER and modified in the Golgi apparatus; result i…
Steroid Hormones
Synthesized from cholesterol in SER, not stored, alter gene e…
44 terms
Biology MCAT Unit 9
Intracellular Digestive
Extracellular digestive
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of alimentary canal
physical breakdown of large food particles into small food pa…
enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as the peptide bon…
Intracellular Digestive
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestive
occurs in the lumen of alimentary canal
24 terms
MCAT Biology: 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Involves oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to store energy
Involves preparing macromolecules for intracellular digestion
Physical breakdown of large food particles
Chemical Breakdown of macromolecules in preparation for absor…
Intracellular Digestion
Involves oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to store energy
Extracellular Digestion
Involves preparing macromolecules for intracellular digestion
49 terms
Mcat biology 9 The digestive system
2 main types of digestion
alimentary canal
pathway of the digestive tract... + organs
enteric nervous system
intracellular digestion (part of metabolism)... involves the oxi…
fancy name for the digestive system that we think and know... ru…
mouth, oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intest…
*collection of 100 mil neurons that govern the function of th…
2 main types of digestion
intracellular digestion (part of metabolism)... involves the oxi…
alimentary canal
fancy name for the digestive system that we think and know... ru…
MCAT Biology: Chapter 9
What is intracellular digestion?
What is extracellular digestion?
What is mechanical digestion?
What is chemical digestion?
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
physically breaking food (ie. chewing, stomach churning)
the enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as the peptide…
What is intracellular digestion?
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
What is extracellular digestion?
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
80 terms
MCAT Biology Ch.9
perfusion
ischemia
hypoxia
arteries arterioles capillaries venule…
flow of blood through a tissue
inadequate blood flow that results in tissue damage due to sh…
adequate circulation of blood is present but oxygen is reduced
How does blood flow through the body?
perfusion
flow of blood through a tissue
ischemia
inadequate blood flow that results in tissue damage due to sh…
46 terms
MCAT BIOLOGY CHAPTER 9
ANATOMY OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
Intracellular digestion involves the
Extracellular digestion occurs in the
Mechanical digestion is the
...
oxidation of glucose and fatty acids
lumen of the alimentary canal
physical breakdown of large food particles into smaller food…
ANATOMY OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
...
Intracellular digestion involves the
oxidation of glucose and fatty acids
78 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 9: The Digestive System
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
sphincters
Digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
circular smooth muscles around the canal that can contract to…
involves the breakdown of food into its constituent organic m…
Intracellular digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
78 terms
MCAT: Biology - Chapter 9
Sphincters
Digestion
Mechanical, chemical
Mechanical digestion
Circular smooth muscles around the alimentary canal that cont…
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules (fre…
Two types of digestions
Physical breakdown of large food molecules into smaller food…
Sphincters
Circular smooth muscles around the alimentary canal that cont…
Digestion
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules (fre…
MCAT Biology Chapter 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal.
Is the physical breakdown of large food particles into smalle…
Is the enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as the pept…
Intracellular Digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular Digestion
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal.
MCAT Biology: Chapter 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
Source of extracellular digestion, runs from the mouth to the…
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules: lip…
Intracellular Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
Extracellular Digestion
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
360 terms
MCAT Biology ch.1-9
G1, S, G2, M
cyclin, CDK
G1: Presynthetic Gap
G1/S Checkpoint
Cell cycle stages?
____- ____ complex police cell cycle.
create organelles for energy and protein synthesis
- Is DNA in good enough condition to replicate? ... -If not good…
G1, S, G2, M
Cell cycle stages?
cyclin, CDK
____- ____ complex police cell cycle.
Mcat Biology 9: Digestive System
Pathway of digestive tract
Sphinctors? Connect?
Accessory organs
Enteric nervous system
Oral cavity > pharynx > esophagus > stomach > small intestine…
- Cardiac sphnictor esophagus to stomach ... - Pyloric stomach…
salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
in the wall of the alimentary canal and controls peristalsis
Pathway of digestive tract
Oral cavity > pharynx > esophagus > stomach > small intestine…
Sphinctors? Connect?
- Cardiac sphnictor esophagus to stomach ... - Pyloric stomach…
29 terms
MCAT - Biology 9 (Digestive System)
Intracellular vs extracellular digesti…
Pathway of digestive tract:
Enteric nervous system controls ______…
Leptin and cholecystokinin promote ___…
>intra = oxidation of glucose and fatty acids... >extra = in lum…
Oral cavity > pharynx > esophagus > stomach > small intestine…
peristalsis, parasympathetic
satiety
Intracellular vs extracellular digesti…
>intra = oxidation of glucose and fatty acids... >extra = in lum…
Pathway of digestive tract:
Oral cavity > pharynx > esophagus > stomach > small intestine…
534 terms
MCAT: Biology
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
78 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 9: The Digestive System
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
sphincters
Digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
circular smooth muscles around the canal that can contract to…
involves the breakdown of food into its constituent organic m…
Intracellular digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
Mcat Biology 9: Digestive system
Intracellular Digestion
extracellular digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
involves oxidation of glucose and atty acids to make energy
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
physical breakdown of large food particles into smaller food…
enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds such as the peptide bond…
Intracellular Digestion
involves oxidation of glucose and atty acids to make energy
extracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
152 terms
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
53 terms
Biology MCAT- Chapter 9: The Digestive system
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
The physical breakdown of large food particle into smaller fo…
The enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as the peptide…
Intracellular digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
480 terms
MCAT Biology
A major reaction that breaks down all…
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Why is water a liquid at high temperat…
What is an ampipathic molecule?
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen bonds
Hydrogen bonding
A molecule with both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions.
A major reaction that breaks down all…
Hydrolysis
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Hydrogen bonds
53 terms
MCAT Biology 9: The Digestive System
Enteric nervous system
Salivary gland
Salivary amylase
Lingual lipase
Neurons associated with the digestive system. Control perista…
Gland that secretes saliva, which contains salivary amylase a…
Digestive enzyme secreted by the salivary glands which breaks…
Digestive enzyme secreted by the salivary glands which hydrol…
Enteric nervous system
Neurons associated with the digestive system. Control perista…
Salivary gland
Gland that secretes saliva, which contains salivary amylase a…
MCAT Biology
Hemoglobin
Hepatic Portal Vein
Heterozygous
Homologous chromosomes
protein found in erythrocytes made up of four polypeptide cha…
carries nutrients (monosaccharides, amino acids and small fat…
organisms that contain two different alleles for the same gen…
chromosomes in a diploid cell that contain alleles for the sa…
Hemoglobin
protein found in erythrocytes made up of four polypeptide cha…
Hepatic Portal Vein
carries nutrients (monosaccharides, amino acids and small fat…
Ch. 9 MCAT biology/biochemistry
gestalt psychology
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
signal-detection theory
the whole exceeds the sum of its parts
beings with sensory receptors and works up to the complex int…
when the brain applies experiences and expectations to interp…
attempts to predict how and when someone will detect the pres…
gestalt psychology
the whole exceeds the sum of its parts
bottom-up processing
beings with sensory receptors and works up to the complex int…
100 terms
MCAT Biology Chpt 9-12
what are lipids broken down into?
digestive system pathway
enteric nervous system
where is ghrelin released from
glycerol and free fatty acids
1. mouth... 2. pharynx... 3. esophagus... 4. stomach... 5. small intestin…
controls peristalsis- mainly parasympathetic nervous system
stomach
what are lipids broken down into?
glycerol and free fatty acids
digestive system pathway
1. mouth... 2. pharynx... 3. esophagus... 4. stomach... 5. small intestin…
58 terms
MCAT Biology 9: The Digestive System
Where does extracellular digestion occ…
What are the accessory organs of diges…
How many salivary glands are there?
What is the enteric nervous system?
In the lumen of the alimentary canal
Salivary glands, pancreas, liver, gallbladder
3 pairs
The wall of the alimentary canal that controls peristalsis ... U…
Where does extracellular digestion occ…
In the lumen of the alimentary canal
What are the accessory organs of diges…
Salivary glands, pancreas, liver, gallbladder
609 terms
MCAT Biology Lessons 1-9
Mendelian ratio
Phenotype
Genotype
Complete dominance
3:1 ratio of dominant:recessive in F₂ generation (after a tes…
Expression of a trait
Genetic make up
Dominant allele is expressed whether in one or two copies; re…
Mendelian ratio
3:1 ratio of dominant:recessive in F₂ generation (after a tes…
Phenotype
Expression of a trait
21 terms
Biology/MCAT
Testosterone
Male Reproductive System
Female Reproductive System
Spermatogenesis
Steroid Hormone, released in men (testes), and women. In men:…
Be able to sketch and Label, what do they do, where are they…
Be able to sketch and Label, what do they do, where are they…
Formation of sperm
Testosterone
Steroid Hormone, released in men (testes), and women. In men:…
Male Reproductive System
Be able to sketch and Label, what do they do, where are they…
502 terms
Biology MCAT
Abductor
absorption
acetylcholine
acrosome
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
a neurotransmitter found throughout the nervous system
the large vesicle at the head of a sperm cell containing enzy…
Abductor
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
absorption
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
23 terms
MCAT Biology CH. 9 (Digestive)
chief cells
Where does pepsin cleave bonds?
What secretes intrinsic factor?
parietal cells secrete ....
secrete pepsinogen --> pepsin via HCL
near aromatic AA
parietal cells ... intrinsic factor helps break down vitamin B12
hcl
chief cells
secrete pepsinogen --> pepsin via HCL
Where does pepsin cleave bonds?
near aromatic AA
609 terms
MCAT Biology Lessons 1-9
Mendelian ratio
Phenotype
Genotype
Complete dominance
3:1 ratio of dominant:recessive in F₂ generation (after a tes…
Expression of a trait
Genetic make up
Dominant allele is expressed whether in one or two copies; re…
Mendelian ratio
3:1 ratio of dominant:recessive in F₂ generation (after a tes…
Phenotype
Expression of a trait
MCAT Biology: The Digestive System (9)
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
Sphincters
Starches and other carbs -->
Metabolism... Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy
Extraction of glucose and fatty acids from food... Breakdown of…
Section off alimentary canal --> compartmentalization... Circula…
Monosaccharides
Intracellular digestion
Metabolism... Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy
Extracellular digestion
Extraction of glucose and fatty acids from food... Breakdown of…
152 terms
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
53 terms
Biology MCAT- Chapter 9: The Digestive system
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
The physical breakdown of large food particle into smaller fo…
The enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as the peptide…
Intracellular digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
78 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 9: The Digestive System
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
sphincters
Digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
circular smooth muscles around the canal that can contract to…
involves the breakdown of food into its constituent organic m…
Intracellular digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
MCAT Biology Chapter 9- The Digestive System
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
-part of metabolism... -involves the oxidation of glucose and fa…
-occurs within the lumen of the alimentary canal... -process by…
the physical breakdown of large food particles into smaller f…
the enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as peptide bon…
Intracellular digestion
-part of metabolism... -involves the oxidation of glucose and fa…
Extracellular digestion
-occurs within the lumen of the alimentary canal... -process by…
759 terms
MCAT Biology
5' cap... nucleotide? necessary bc?
A band... regions? gives what appearance…
Absolute refractory period... AP?
Accessory glands... -3?
a methylated guanine nucleotide added to the 5' end of eukary…
The band of the sarcomere that extends the full length of the…
A period of time following an action potential during which n…
The three glands in the male reproductive system that reprodu…
5' cap... nucleotide? necessary bc?
a methylated guanine nucleotide added to the 5' end of eukary…
A band... regions? gives what appearance…
The band of the sarcomere that extends the full length of the…
86 terms
MCAT Biology: Ch.9 --- the Digestive System
The alimentary canal goes from the ___…
What are the main muscle components of…
List the pathway for food digestion: o…
______ nervous system is responsible f…
-mouth to anus... -sphincters
circular smooth muscle
oral cavity ----> pharynx ---> esophagus ---> stomach ---> sm…
enteric; parasympathetic
The alimentary canal goes from the ___…
-mouth to anus... -sphincters
What are the main muscle components of…
circular smooth muscle
38 terms
Biology MCAT Ch. 9 Cardiovascular System
Right Heart
Left Heart
Pathway of blood
Portal System
Deoxygenated blood returning from body and moves to lungs by…
Receives oxygenated blood from lungs through pulmonary veins…
Left Atrium-> Left Ventricle-> Aorta-> Arteries-> Arterioles-…
Two sets of capillaries next to each other
Right Heart
Deoxygenated blood returning from body and moves to lungs by…
Left Heart
Receives oxygenated blood from lungs through pulmonary veins…
360 terms
MCAT: Biology
nucleus
mitochondrion
lysosomes
rough ER
contains all of the genetic material necessary for replicatio…
location of many metabolic processes (pyruvate dehydrogenase,…
membrane-bound structures containing hydrolytic enzymes capab…
interconnected membranous structures with ribosomes studding…
nucleus
contains all of the genetic material necessary for replicatio…
mitochondrion
location of many metabolic processes (pyruvate dehydrogenase,…
81 terms
MCAT Biology ch.9 (The Digestive System)
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
sphincters
Digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal. Outside the cell…
circular smooth muscles around the canal that can contract to…
involves the breakdown of food into its constituent organic m…
Intracellular digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal. Outside the cell…
884 terms
MCAT Biology
cell theory
why are viruses not considered living…
eukaryotes
cell membrane
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
they are acellular, cannot repdrouce without the assistance o…
have membrane-bound organelles, a nucleus, and may form multi…
contains phospholipids, which organize to form hydrophilic in…
cell theory
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
why are viruses not considered living…
they are acellular, cannot repdrouce without the assistance o…
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