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Study sets matching "mcat biology 9"

MCAT Biology: Chapter 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
Source of extracellular digestion, runs from the mouth to the…
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules: lip…
Intracellular Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
Extracellular Digestion
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
52 terms
MCAT Biology: Chapter 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
Source of extracellular digestion, runs from the mouth to the…
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules: lip…
Intracellular Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
Extracellular Digestion
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
57 terms
MCAT Biology 9
involves the oxidation of glucose and…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary…
physical breakdown of large food parti…
enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds
intracellular digestion
extracellular digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and…
intracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary…
extracellular digestion
MCAT Biology: Chapter 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
Source of extracellular digestion, runs from the mouth to the…
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules: lip…
Intracellular Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
Extracellular Digestion
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
358 terms
MCAT Biology ch.1-9
Cell Cycle Stages
____- ____ complex police cell cycle.
G1: Presynthetic Gap
G1/S Checkpoint
G1 Stage, S stage, G2 stage, M stage
cyclin, CDK
create organelles for energy and protein synthesis
- Is DNA in good enough condition to replicate? ... -If not good…
Cell Cycle Stages
G1 Stage, S stage, G2 stage, M stage
____- ____ complex police cell cycle.
cyclin, CDK
609 terms
MCAT Biology Lessons 1-9
Mendelian ratio
Phenotype
Genotype
Complete dominance
3:1 ratio of dominant:recessive in F₂ generation (after a tes…
Expression of a trait
Genetic make up
Dominant allele is expressed whether in one or two copies; re…
Mendelian ratio
3:1 ratio of dominant:recessive in F₂ generation (after a tes…
Phenotype
Expression of a trait
32 terms
MCAT Biology Ch. 9
CHAPTER 9: THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
9.1: ANATOMY OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
What is the pathway food takes through…
What is the Enteric Nervous System?
...
...
-oral cavity-pharynx-esophagus-stomach-small intestine-large…
-it is a collection of one hundred million neurons that gover…
CHAPTER 9: THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
...
9.1: ANATOMY OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
...
128 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 9
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
Alimentary canal
Sphincters
Digestion involving the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids…
Process by which nutrients are obtained form food, occurring…
Cal that runs from the mouth to the anus, and is sectioned of…
Circular smooth muscles around the alimentary canal that can…
Intracellular digestion
Digestion involving the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids…
Extracellular digestion
Process by which nutrients are obtained form food, occurring…
59 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 9
intracellular digestion
alimentary canal
extracellular digestion
digestion
a part of metabolism involving oxidation of glucose and fatty…
the lumen of the GI tract
in alimentary canal by chemical and mechanical means
the breakdown of food into constituent molecules, mechanical…
intracellular digestion
a part of metabolism involving oxidation of glucose and fatty…
alimentary canal
the lumen of the GI tract
78 terms
MCAT: Biology - Chapter 9
Sphincters
Digestion
Mechanical, chemical
Mechanical digestion
Circular smooth muscles around the alimentary canal that cont…
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules (fre…
Two types of digestions
Physical breakdown of large food molecules into smaller food…
Sphincters
Circular smooth muscles around the alimentary canal that cont…
Digestion
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules (fre…
49 terms
Mcat biology 9 The digestive system
2 main types of digestion
alimentary canal
pathway of the digestive tract... + organs
enteric nervous system
intracellular digestion (part of metabolism)... involves the oxi…
fancy name for the digestive system that we think and know... ru…
mouth, oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intest…
*collection of 100 mil neurons that govern the function of th…
2 main types of digestion
intracellular digestion (part of metabolism)... involves the oxi…
alimentary canal
fancy name for the digestive system that we think and know... ru…
126 terms
Biology MCAT - Chapter 9
Intracellular (Digestion)
Extracellular (Digestion)
Alimentary (Canal)
Sphincters
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
runs from the mouth to the anus;... is sectioned off by sphincters
circular smooth muscles around the canal that can contract to…
Intracellular (Digestion)
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular (Digestion)
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
32 terms
MCAT Biology (Chapter 9)
Peptide Hormones
Steroid Hormones
Physiological Endpoint
Thryoid Hormone
Made in the RER and modified in the Golgi apparatus; result i…
Synthesized from cholesterol in SER, not stored, alter gene e…
Must be maintained at constant levels.
Produced from tyrosine in thyroid gland to increase metabolic…
Peptide Hormones
Made in the RER and modified in the Golgi apparatus; result i…
Steroid Hormones
Synthesized from cholesterol in SER, not stored, alter gene e…
44 terms
Biology MCAT Unit 9
Intracellular Digestive
Extracellular digestive
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of alimentary canal
physical breakdown of large food particles into small food pa…
enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as the peptide bon…
Intracellular Digestive
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestive
occurs in the lumen of alimentary canal
53 terms
MCAT Biology 9: The Digestive System
Enteric nervous system
Salivary gland
Salivary amylase
Lingual lipase
Neurons associated with the digestive system. Control perista…
Gland that secretes saliva, which contains salivary amylase a…
Digestive enzyme secreted by the salivary glands which breaks…
Digestive enzyme secreted by the salivary glands which hydrol…
Enteric nervous system
Neurons associated with the digestive system. Control perista…
Salivary gland
Gland that secretes saliva, which contains salivary amylase a…
24 terms
MCAT Biology: 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Involves oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to store energy
Involves preparing macromolecules for intracellular digestion
Physical breakdown of large food particles
Chemical Breakdown of macromolecules in preparation for absor…
Intracellular Digestion
Involves oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to store energy
Extracellular Digestion
Involves preparing macromolecules for intracellular digestion
37 terms
MCAT Biology: Chapter 9
What is intracellular digestion?
What is extracellular digestion?
What is mechanical digestion?
What is chemical digestion?
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
physically breaking food (ie. chewing, stomach churning)
the enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as the peptide…
What is intracellular digestion?
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
What is extracellular digestion?
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
MCAT Biology Chapter 9
Excretion
liver's role in excretory system
colon/large intestine
skin
disposal of waste products
the liver is responsible for processing hydrophobic or large…
the colon is responsible for reclaiming water in the feces, a…
the skin plays a secondary role in the excretion of waste bec…
Excretion
disposal of waste products
liver's role in excretory system
the liver is responsible for processing hydrophobic or large…
609 terms
MCAT Biology Lessons 1-9
Mendelian ratio
Phenotype
Genotype
Complete dominance
3:1 ratio of dominant:recessive in F₂ generation (after a tes…
Expression of a trait
Genetic make up
Dominant allele is expressed whether in one or two copies; re…
Mendelian ratio
3:1 ratio of dominant:recessive in F₂ generation (after a tes…
Phenotype
Expression of a trait
29 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Mechanical Digestion
Chemical Digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal.
Is the physical breakdown of large food particles into smalle…
Is the enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as the pept…
Intracellular Digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular Digestion
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal.
46 terms
MCAT BIOLOGY CHAPTER 9
ANATOMY OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
Intracellular digestion involves the
Extracellular digestion occurs in the
Mechanical digestion is the
...
oxidation of glucose and fatty acids
lumen of the alimentary canal
physical breakdown of large food particles into smaller food…
ANATOMY OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
...
Intracellular digestion involves the
oxidation of glucose and fatty acids
480 terms
MCAT Biology
A major reaction that breaks down all…
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Why is water a liquid at high temperat…
What is an ampipathic molecule?
Hydrolysis
Hydrogen bonds
Hydrogen bonding
A molecule with both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions.
A major reaction that breaks down all…
Hydrolysis
What is the strongest type of intermol…
Hydrogen bonds
78 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 9: The Digestive System
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
sphincters
Digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
circular smooth muscles around the canal that can contract to…
involves the breakdown of food into its constituent organic m…
Intracellular digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
52 terms
MCAT Biology: Chapter 9
Intracellular Digestion
Extracellular Digestion
Alimentary Canal
Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
Source of extracellular digestion, runs from the mouth to the…
Breakdown of food into its constituent organic molecules: lip…
Intracellular Digestion
Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy.
Extracellular Digestion
When nutrients are obtained from food, occurs in the lumen of…
534 terms
MCAT: Biology
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
152 terms
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
53 terms
Biology MCAT- Chapter 9: The Digestive system
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
The physical breakdown of large food particle into smaller fo…
The enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as the peptide…
Intracellular digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
Mcat Biology 9: Digestive System
Pathway of digestive tract
Sphinctors? Connect?
Accessory organs
Enteric nervous system
Oral cavity > pharynx > esophagus > stomach > small intestine…
- Cardiac sphnictor esophagus to stomach ... - Pyloric stomach…
salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder
in the wall of the alimentary canal and controls peristalsis
Pathway of digestive tract
Oral cavity > pharynx > esophagus > stomach > small intestine…
Sphinctors? Connect?
- Cardiac sphnictor esophagus to stomach ... - Pyloric stomach…
152 terms
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
40 terms
MCAT Biology
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck/Lamarckian ideas
By which shuttle does acetyl-CoA enter…
Fatty acid synthesis
Enteric nervous system
Most of Lamarck's major theories were incorrect; however, he…
Citrate shuttle
Occurs in the cytosol of the liver; involves the transport of…
Intrinsic nervous system; a network of neurons, neurotransmit…
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck/Lamarckian ideas
Most of Lamarck's major theories were incorrect; however, he…
By which shuttle does acetyl-CoA enter…
Citrate shuttle
155 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 9 - The Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System
Lymphatic System
Atria
Ventricles
- circulatory system that transports respiratory gases, nutri…
- a secondary circulatory system... - collects excess body fluid…
- two upper chambers of the heart... - thin-walled; waiting room…
- two lower chambers of the heart... - extremely muscular... - left…
Cardiovascular System
- circulatory system that transports respiratory gases, nutri…
Lymphatic System
- a secondary circulatory system... - collects excess body fluid…
35 terms
Mcat Biology 9: Digestive system
Intracellular Digestion
extracellular digestion
mechanical digestion
chemical digestion
involves oxidation of glucose and atty acids to make energy
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
physical breakdown of large food particles into smaller food…
enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds such as the peptide bond…
Intracellular Digestion
involves oxidation of glucose and atty acids to make energy
extracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
29 terms
MCAT - Biology 9 (Digestive System)
Intracellular vs extracellular digesti…
Pathway of digestive tract:
Enteric nervous system controls ______…
Leptin and cholecystokinin promote ___…
>intra = oxidation of glucose and fatty acids... >extra = in lum…
Oral cavity > pharynx > esophagus > stomach > small intestine…
peristalsis, parasympathetic
satiety
Intracellular vs extracellular digesti…
>intra = oxidation of glucose and fatty acids... >extra = in lum…
Pathway of digestive tract:
Oral cavity > pharynx > esophagus > stomach > small intestine…
MCAT Biology: The Digestive System (9)
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
Sphincters
Starches and other carbs -->
Metabolism... Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy
Extraction of glucose and fatty acids from food... Breakdown of…
Section off alimentary canal --> compartmentalization... Circula…
Monosaccharides
Intracellular digestion
Metabolism... Oxidation of glucose and fatty acids for energy
Extracellular digestion
Extraction of glucose and fatty acids from food... Breakdown of…
78 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 9: The Digestive System
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
sphincters
Digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
circular smooth muscles around the canal that can contract to…
involves the breakdown of food into its constituent organic m…
Intracellular digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
308 terms
MCAT Biology
Hemoglobin
Hepatic Portal Vein
Heterozygous
Homologous chromosomes
protein found in erythrocytes made up of four polypeptide cha…
carries nutrients (monosaccharides, amino acids and small fat…
organisms that contain two different alleles for the same gen…
chromosomes in a diploid cell that contain alleles for the sa…
Hemoglobin
protein found in erythrocytes made up of four polypeptide cha…
Hepatic Portal Vein
carries nutrients (monosaccharides, amino acids and small fat…
100 terms
MCAT Biology Chpt 9-12
what are lipids broken down into?
digestive system pathway
enteric nervous system
where is ghrelin released from
glycerol and free fatty acids
1. mouth... 2. pharynx... 3. esophagus... 4. stomach... 5. small intestin…
controls peristalsis- mainly parasympathetic nervous system
stomach
what are lipids broken down into?
glycerol and free fatty acids
digestive system pathway
1. mouth... 2. pharynx... 3. esophagus... 4. stomach... 5. small intestin…
502 terms
Biology MCAT
Abductor
absorption
acetylcholine
acrosome
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
a neurotransmitter found throughout the nervous system
the large vesicle at the head of a sperm cell containing enzy…
Abductor
a muscle that moves a limb away from the center of the body
absorption
the process by which substances are taken up into or across t…
63 terms
Ch. 9 MCAT biology/biochemistry
gestalt psychology
bottom-up processing
top-down processing
signal-detection theory
the whole exceeds the sum of its parts
beings with sensory receptors and works up to the complex int…
when the brain applies experiences and expectations to interp…
attempts to predict how and when someone will detect the pres…
gestalt psychology
the whole exceeds the sum of its parts
bottom-up processing
beings with sensory receptors and works up to the complex int…
58 terms
MCAT Biology 9: The Digestive System
Where does extracellular digestion occ…
What are the accessory organs of diges…
How many salivary glands are there?
What is the enteric nervous system?
In the lumen of the alimentary canal
Salivary glands, pancreas, liver, gallbladder
3 pairs
The wall of the alimentary canal that controls peristalsis ... U…
Where does extracellular digestion occ…
In the lumen of the alimentary canal
What are the accessory organs of diges…
Salivary glands, pancreas, liver, gallbladder
94 terms
Mcat: Molecular biology techniques
ELISA
immuno-sorbency
ELISA (biochemical technique)
cytokines
Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay
antigen-antibody interactions
utilizes antigen-antibody (immuno-sorbency) to determine the…
broad and loose category for small proteins involved in cell…
ELISA
Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay
immuno-sorbency
antigen-antibody interactions
21 terms
Biology/MCAT
Testosterone
Male Reproductive System
Female Reproductive System
Spermatogenesis
Steroid Hormone, released in men (testes), and women. In men:…
Be able to sketch and Label, what do they do, where are they…
Be able to sketch and Label, what do they do, where are they…
Formation of sperm
Testosterone
Steroid Hormone, released in men (testes), and women. In men:…
Male Reproductive System
Be able to sketch and Label, what do they do, where are they…
53 terms
Biology MCAT- Chapter 9: The Digestive system
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
Mechanical digestion
Chemical digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
The physical breakdown of large food particle into smaller fo…
The enzymatic cleavage of chemical bonds, such as the peptide…
Intracellular digestion
Involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
Occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
78 terms
MCAT Biology Unit 9: The Digestive System
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
sphincters
Digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
circular smooth muscles around the canal that can contract to…
involves the breakdown of food into its constituent organic m…
Intracellular digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal
23 terms
MCAT Biology CH. 9 (Digestive)
chief cells
Where does pepsin cleave bonds?
What secretes intrinsic factor?
parietal cells secrete ....
secrete pepsinogen --> pepsin via HCL
near aromatic AA
parietal cells ... intrinsic factor helps break down vitamin B12
hcl
chief cells
secrete pepsinogen --> pepsin via HCL
Where does pepsin cleave bonds?
near aromatic AA
155 terms
MCAT Biology Chapter 9 - The Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular System
Lymphatic System
Atria
Ventricles
- circulatory system that transports respiratory gases, nutri…
- a secondary circulatory system... - collects excess body fluid…
- two upper chambers of the heart... - thin-walled; waiting room…
- two lower chambers of the heart... - extremely muscular... - left…
Cardiovascular System
- circulatory system that transports respiratory gases, nutri…
Lymphatic System
- a secondary circulatory system... - collects excess body fluid…
81 terms
MCAT Biology ch.9 (The Digestive System)
Intracellular digestion
Extracellular digestion
sphincters
Digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal. Outside the cell…
circular smooth muscles around the canal that can contract to…
involves the breakdown of food into its constituent organic m…
Intracellular digestion
involves the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids to make ene…
Extracellular digestion
occurs in the lumen of the alimentary canal. Outside the cell…
1,315 terms
Biology MCAT
Who was the first scientist to discove…
Who was the first scientist to see liv…
Who was the scientist that demonstrate…
What are the three original basic tene…
Robert Hooke 1665
anton Van Leeuwenhoek 1674
Rudolph Virchow 1850
1. all living things are composed of cells... 2. Cell is the bas…
Who was the first scientist to discove…
Robert Hooke 1665
Who was the first scientist to see liv…
anton Van Leeuwenhoek 1674
86 terms
MCAT Biology: Ch.9 --- the Digestive System
The alimentary canal goes from the ___…
What are the main muscle components of…
List the pathway for food digestion: o…
______ nervous system is responsible f…
-mouth to anus... -sphincters
circular smooth muscle
oral cavity ----> pharynx ---> esophagus ---> stomach ---> sm…
enteric; parasympathetic
The alimentary canal goes from the ___…
-mouth to anus... -sphincters
What are the main muscle components of…
circular smooth muscle
884 terms
MCAT Biology
cell theory
why are viruses not considered living…
eukaryotes
cell membrane
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
they are acellular, cannot repdrouce without the assistance o…
have membrane-bound organelles, a nucleus, and may form multi…
contains phospholipids, which organize to form hydrophilic in…
cell theory
-all living things are composed of cells... -the cell is the bas…
why are viruses not considered living…
they are acellular, cannot repdrouce without the assistance o…
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