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15 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Musculoskeletal System
Types of Muscle: Skeletal... - responsibl…
Types of Muscle: Smooth... - responsible…
Types of Muscle: Cardiac... - responsible…
the sarcomere:... - is the basic unit of…
Types of Muscle: Skeletal... - responsible for voluntary movem…
Types of Muscle: Smooth... - responsible for involuntary actio…
Types of Muscle: Cardiac... - has characteristics of both skelet…
the sarcomere:... - is the basic unit of skeletal muscle... - mad…
Types of Muscle: Skeletal... - responsibl…
Types of Muscle: Skeletal... - responsible for voluntary movem…
Types of Muscle: Smooth... - responsible…
Types of Muscle: Smooth... - responsible for involuntary actio…
14 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Psychology and Social Behavior Terms
Absolute poverty
Acetylcholine (ACh)
Acetylcholinesterase
Achieved status
The inability to meet a bare minimum of basic necessities, in…
The neurotransmitter used at the neuromuscular junction, thro…
The enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine in the synaptic cle…
Those statuses that are considered to be due largely to an in…
Absolute poverty
The inability to meet a bare minimum of basic necessities, in…
Acetylcholine (ACh)
The neurotransmitter used at the neuromuscular junction, thro…
773 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biochemistry MCAT
Chapter 1
Amino acids
Other groups attached to the alpha car…
Do amino acids have to always have the…
Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins
molecules that contain two functional groups: an amino group…
hydrogen atom and a side chain, also known as a R group which…
No, for example neurotransmitter gama-aminobutyric. This amin…
Chapter 1
Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins
Amino acids
molecules that contain two functional groups: an amino group…
534 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT: Biology
Domain
Species
Genotype
Phenotype
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
Part of a trait, describes the chromosomes of an organism.
Part of a trait, describes the product of the genes that can…
Domain
Three types: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
Species
All organisms that can reproduce fertile offspring with one a…
68 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology Chp 5: The Endocrine System
glands
hormones
peptide hormones
common second messengers
organs that secrete hormones
signalling molecules that are secreted directly into the bloo…
- are composed of AAs and are derived from larger precursor p…
cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)... inositol triphosphate (…
glands
organs that secrete hormones
hormones
signalling molecules that are secreted directly into the bloo…
208 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT - Sociology
Absolute poverty vs relative poverty
Socioeconomic status (of who, what fac…
What 3 P's define SES? what do they re…
Social stratification (systems - 3; de…
Absolute: inability to secure basic necessities of life... Relat…
social standing/class of individual or group... combines educati…
Prestige: reputation/standing in society... Power: ability to en…
Caste System: lower social mobility, less dependent on effort…
Absolute poverty vs relative poverty
Absolute: inability to secure basic necessities of life... Relat…
Socioeconomic status (of who, what fac…
social standing/class of individual or group... combines educati…
613 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Psychology MCAT
Vision
Sensory Receptors
Sensory Transduction
Receptor Potential
The Stimulus ... Anatomy of the Visual System ... Coding of Visual…
A specialized neuron that detects a particular category of ph…
The process by which sensory stimuli are transduced into slow…
A slow, graded electrical potential produced by a receptor ce…
Vision
The Stimulus ... Anatomy of the Visual System ... Coding of Visual…
Sensory Receptors
A specialized neuron that detects a particular category of ph…
347 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT Chemistry
Mass number
Atomic Number
Alkali Metals
Alkaline Earth Metals
Protons + Neutrons
Protons
Group 1, Soft metallic solids, low density and low melting po…
Group 2, Harder more dense metals that melt at higher tempera…
Mass number
Protons + Neutrons
Atomic Number
Protons
86 termscreated on December 4, 2016
KAPLAN MCAT PHYSICS
Newton units
weight
static friction
kinetic friction
Newton units
weight
130 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT Physics Equations/Concepts
Kinematics Equations
Force of Gravity Between Two Objects
Kinetic Friction
Static Friction
Units of G = N∗m²/kg²
Kinematics Equations
Force of Gravity Between Two Objects
Units of G = N∗m²/kg²
568 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Organic MCAT
Chapter 1
Substituents naming
T-butyl
Neopentyl
Nomenclature
Chapter 1
Nomenclature
Substituents naming
29 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT Innate Immune System
immunity
innate immunity
adaptive immunity
tears and saliva
ability of an organism to resist disease
non specific; physical barriers, specialized proteins, cell m…
specific
contain lysosomes that digest bacterial cell walls; (lysozEYE…
immunity
ability of an organism to resist disease
innate immunity
non specific; physical barriers, specialized proteins, cell m…
19 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Lab final GC1 Part 2
The physical basis for gas pressure
Ideal gas law equation
Boyle's Law
Determining absolute Zero for a gass
gas pressure is caused by gas molecules colliding with the wa…
PV= nRT
PV= P2v2
1.) Measure pressure of gas at three temps... - Ice ... - room temp…
The physical basis for gas pressure
gas pressure is caused by gas molecules colliding with the wa…
Ideal gas law equation
PV= nRT
10 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT
How many base pairs (bp) are there in…
Euchromatin
Heterochromatin
Telomere
50-250 bp
uncoiled areas of a chromosome; active gene expression, light…
DNA tightly supercoiled; darkly stained
Repetitive, noncoding DNA at ends of each chromosome; protect…
How many base pairs (bp) are there in…
50-250 bp
Euchromatin
uncoiled areas of a chromosome; active gene expression, light…
17 termscreated on December 3, 2016
MCAT Lymphatic system
branches of the lymphatic system
lymphatic system
cisterna chyli
spleen
mammary gland, upper limb, lower limb
network regulated by unidirectional valves that connect the l…
empties lymph fro the lower half of the body to the thoracic…
has white blood cells, filters blood, removes old cells
branches of the lymphatic system
mammary gland, upper limb, lower limb
lymphatic system
network regulated by unidirectional valves that connect the l…
24 termscreated on December 3, 2016
MCAT BIO
DNA packing: prokaryotes
DNA packing: Eukaryotes
telomeres
Start codon
single circular genome... 2 methods of packing ... 1) methylation:…
several linear chromosomes ... proteins bind to connect sister c…
end of chromosomes that contains DNA ... ends are capped to stab…
AUG
DNA packing: prokaryotes
single circular genome... 2 methods of packing ... 1) methylation:…
DNA packing: Eukaryotes
several linear chromosomes ... proteins bind to connect sister c…
14 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Physics Ch. 8
Transverse
400-700 nm
blackbody
spherical
Electromagnetic waves are ___ waves because the oscillating e…
Boundaries of the visible spectrum
Refers to an ideal absorber of all wavelengths of light, whic…
Mirror that comes in two varieties: concave and convex
Transverse
Electromagnetic waves are ___ waves because the oscillating e…
400-700 nm
Boundaries of the visible spectrum
48 termscreated on December 3, 2016
CHEM/PHYS: FULL LENGTH 1
Why is ATOMIC OXYGEN not found in Eart…
Why is atomic oxygen a free radical?
Draw the two types of mirrors and lenses
What is the difference between the α-G…
1.) It's extremely reactive... 2.) It's a free radical
Because of it's electron configuration... 1s²2s²2p⁴
DRAW THEM
1.) The hemiacetal carbons of α-Glucose and β-Glucose have op…
Why is ATOMIC OXYGEN not found in Eart…
1.) It's extremely reactive... 2.) It's a free radical
Why is atomic oxygen a free radical?
Because of it's electron configuration... 1s²2s²2p⁴
98 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Practice Exam I
Chem/Phys Section
Experimenters isolate a sample believe…
What is the product of reactions with…
In people with myopia, or nearsightedn…
...
B - glycine is the only amino acid that has no chiral center…
- new C-C bonds
- the focal length of the lens of the eye is too short
Chem/Phys Section
...
Experimenters isolate a sample believe…
B - glycine is the only amino acid that has no chiral center…
23 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Physics Ch. 7
Sinusoidal
Transverse
longitudinal
equilibrium position
Waves, which can be transverse or longitudinal, with individu…
Waves in which the direction of the particle oscillation is P…
Waves in which the particles of the wave oscillatePARALLEL to…
Central point of wave oscillation
Sinusoidal
Waves, which can be transverse or longitudinal, with individu…
Transverse
Waves in which the direction of the particle oscillation is P…
37 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Chapter 12 Social stratification
Social class
Stratification
Determinants of class
Prestige
based on similar... -SES... -jobs... -lifestyles... -attitudes
Differences among classes... -race... -ascribed status: age, gender…
prestige, power, wealth
positive regard society has for a person
Social class
based on similar... -SES... -jobs... -lifestyles... -attitudes
Stratification
Differences among classes... -race... -ascribed status: age, gender…
36 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Chap. 12 Social Stratification
Social class
Aspects of social stratification
Prestige
Power
group of individuals with a similar social economic status
SES:... -ascribed statues: external characteristics that were gi…
amount of positive regard society has for a person or idea
ability to affect others behaviors through real ot perceived…
Social class
group of individuals with a similar social economic status
Aspects of social stratification
SES:... -ascribed statues: external characteristics that were gi…
32 termscreated on December 3, 2016
MCAT Hormones
Releasing and Inhibiting Factors
Growth Hormone (GH)
Prolactin
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
HYPOTHALAMUS -> ANTERIOR PITUITARY: modifies activities
ANTERIOR PITUITARY: increases bone and muscle growth, increas…
ANTERIOR PITUITARY -> MAMMARY GLAND: milk production
ANTERIOR PITUITARY -> THYROID: increases synthesis and releas…
Releasing and Inhibiting Factors
HYPOTHALAMUS -> ANTERIOR PITUITARY: modifies activities
Growth Hormone (GH)
ANTERIOR PITUITARY: increases bone and muscle growth, increas…
18 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Intelligence
Intelligence: Indv Differences
Carroll's Model of Intelligence
Gardern's Model of Intelligence
Why Study Indv Differences
When do children master X ability? Normative Patterns of Devo…
Fluid, Crystalized, General memory and learning, Broadh visua…
Lingusitic, Logical-math, Pstial, Muscle, Naturalistic, Kines…
Interventions & Politices... Understand development
Intelligence: Indv Differences
When do children master X ability? Normative Patterns of Devo…
Carroll's Model of Intelligence
Fluid, Crystalized, General memory and learning, Broadh visua…
16 termscreated on December 3, 2016
cómo ser un médico
la entrevista
el prometido
la facultad de medicina
la residencia
interview
average
medical school
residency
la entrevista
interview
el prometido
average
29 termscreated on December 3, 2016
MCAT Metabolism
ATP
high energy character of ATP
exergonic
ATP hydrolysis
mid level energy carrier for readily available form of energy…
like charges of - phosphates are compressed and energy is sto…
releasing energy
ΔG = -30.5
ATP
mid level energy carrier for readily available form of energy…
high energy character of ATP
like charges of - phosphates are compressed and energy is sto…
40 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Cardiovascular System (MCAT)
The cardiovascular system consists of...
The vasculature consists of...
Deoxygenated blood comes to the ___ si…
pulmonary circulation
muscular four-chambered heart, blood vessels, and blood
arteries, capillaries, and veins
left; right
deoxygenated blood returns from body and moves it to the lung…
The cardiovascular system consists of...
muscular four-chambered heart, blood vessels, and blood
The vasculature consists of...
arteries, capillaries, and veins
33 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology Lab Techniques
ELISA
Radioimmunoassay
Electrophoresis
Northern Blotting
-Determine presence of Antigens or antibodies... -when testing f…
-(RIA)... -Similar to ELISA, but use radiolabeled antigens and a…
-separate things by size or by charge... -gel made of acrylamide…
-Detect presence of specific sequences within a heterogeneous…
ELISA
-Determine presence of Antigens or antibodies... -when testing f…
Radioimmunoassay
-(RIA)... -Similar to ELISA, but use radiolabeled antigens and a…
50 termscreated on December 3, 2016
MCAT Psych
Group
Aggregate
Category
Primary group
A collection of any number of people who regularly interact a…
People who exist in the same space but do not interact or sha…
People who share similar characteristics but are not otherwis…
Group that play a more important role in an individual's life.
Group
A collection of any number of people who regularly interact a…
Aggregate
People who exist in the same space but do not interact or sha…
9 termscreated on December 3, 2016
FL 6 Psych/Soc
Social constructionists states that ob…
If an experiment took place where a pa…
Merkel cells are found in __ & are ass…
Latent inhibition = ?
Society which ascribe value to objects
C) Schizophrenia
-Skin... -Touch
A familiar stimulus takes longer to acquire meaning/ to be co…
Social constructionists states that ob…
Society which ascribe value to objects
If an experiment took place where a pa…
C) Schizophrenia
91 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Orgo 2
IR Spectroscopy
IR absorbance of carbonyl
IR absorbance of nitrile
IR absorbance of saturated alkane
detects bonds w/ a dipole moment (dipolar bonds oscilate at a…
1700 cm^-1
2250 cm^-1
2800 cm^-1
IR Spectroscopy
detects bonds w/ a dipole moment (dipolar bonds oscilate at a…
IR absorbance of carbonyl
1700 cm^-1
8 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology- Musculoskeletal system
Sarcomere
Initiation
Sarcomere shortening
Relaxation
contractile unit of the fibers in skeletal muscle... contains th…
depolarization of a neuron leads to an action potential
sarcoplasmic reticulum releases calcium ions... calcium binds to…
calcium ions are pumped back into the sarcoplasmic reticulum
Sarcomere
contractile unit of the fibers in skeletal muscle... contains th…
Initiation
depolarization of a neuron leads to an action potential
5 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology- Nervous system
Neuron
Resting potential
Action Potential
Impulse Propagation
functional unit of the nervous system
3 Na + pumped out of every 2 K+ pumped in
stimulates acts on the neuron, depolarizing the membrane of t…
Depolarization (Na+ rushing into axon) followed by repolariza…
Neuron
functional unit of the nervous system
Resting potential
3 Na + pumped out of every 2 K+ pumped in
52 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology Chp 1: The Cell
cell theory
eukaryotic cells
viruses, living?
prokaryotic cells
- all living thing are composed of cells... - the cell is the ba…
have membrane bound organelles, a nucleus, and may form multi…
they are not considered living things because they are acellu…
don't contain a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles; they or…
cell theory
- all living thing are composed of cells... - the cell is the ba…
eukaryotic cells
have membrane bound organelles, a nucleus, and may form multi…
33 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology- Endocrine system
Direct hormones
tropic hormones
Mechanism of action for hormones
Anterior pituitary hormones
Directly stimulate organs
stimulate other glands
peptides act via second messengers and steroid hormoes act vi…
(FLAT PEG) Follicle stimulating, luteinizing, adrenocorticotr…
Direct hormones
Directly stimulate organs
tropic hormones
stimulate other glands
6 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology- Homeostasis
Livers role in homeostasis
Layers of the Skin
Osmoregulation
Aldosterone
1. gluconeogenesis... 2. Processing of nitrogenous wastes (urea)…
1. Stratum corneum... 2. Stratum lucidum... 3. Stratum granulosum... 4…
1. Filtration- at the glomerulus. Filtrate (fluid and small s…
1.Stimulates Na+ reabsorption, K+ and H+ secretion, increasin…
Livers role in homeostasis
1. gluconeogenesis... 2. Processing of nitrogenous wastes (urea)…
Layers of the Skin
1. Stratum corneum... 2. Stratum lucidum... 3. Stratum granulosum... 4…
11 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology- Reproduction
Cell division stages
Meiosis I
Meiosis II
Stages of Early development
G1: cell increases its organelles and cytoplasm... S: DNA replic…
two pairs of sister chromatids form tetrads during prophase I…
essentially identical to mitosis, but no replication... Meiosis…
Cleavage, implantation, gastrulation, neurulation
Cell division stages
G1: cell increases its organelles and cytoplasm... S: DNA replic…
Meiosis I
two pairs of sister chromatids form tetrads during prophase I…
17 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biology-The cell
Nucleus
Mitochondrion
Lysosomes
Rough Endoplasmic reticulum
contains all of the genetic material necessary for replicatio…
Location of many metabolic processes (pyruvate dehydrogenase,…
membrane-bound structures containing hydrolytic enzymes capab…
interconnected membranous structure with ribosomes studding t…
Nucleus
contains all of the genetic material necessary for replicatio…
Mitochondrion
Location of many metabolic processes (pyruvate dehydrogenase,…
62 termscreated on December 3, 2016
General Chemistry
charge of an electron/proton
numbers in the periodic table
avagadro's number
when numbers are written off to the si…
1.6 x 10(-19)
top number = atomic number = Z (number of protons) ... mass num…
6.02x10(23)
the top is the ISOTOPE (# of protons) , the bottom is the ato…
charge of an electron/proton
1.6 x 10(-19)
numbers in the periodic table
top number = atomic number = Z (number of protons) ... mass num…
18 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Physics Ch. 6
current
metallic
electrolytic
conductance
flow of positive charge (although only negative charges are a…
conductivity seen in solid metals and molten forms of some sa…
conductivity seen in solutions
reciprocal of resistance
current
flow of positive charge (although only negative charges are a…
metallic
conductivity seen in solid metals and molten forms of some sa…
53 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Respiratory System (MCAT)
thoracic cavity
vibrissae
location of pharynx
purpose of pharynx
structure specifically designed to perform breathing
mucous membranes and nasal hairs that help filter dirt and pa…
resides behind nasal cavity and at back of mouth
common pathway for both air destined for lungs and food desti…
thoracic cavity
structure specifically designed to perform breathing
vibrissae
mucous membranes and nasal hairs that help filter dirt and pa…
21 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Amino Acids (1 Letter Abrevs and Polarity)
Glycine
Alanine
Valine
Leucine
G - np
A - np
V - np
L - np
Glycine
G - np
Alanine
A - np
19 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Compounds and Stoichiometry MCAT
atomic weight
molecular weight
formula weight
avogadro's number
-the average masses of naturally occurring isotopes of an ele…
the sum of the atomic weights of all the atoms in a molecule
found by adding up the atomic weights of the constituent ions…
6.022x10^23 mol-1
atomic weight
-the average masses of naturally occurring isotopes of an ele…
molecular weight
the sum of the atomic weights of all the atoms in a molecule
37 termscreated on December 3, 2016
General Chemistry MCAT- Chapter 3: Bonding + Chemical Interactions
Types of chemical bonds
Octet rule
Octet rule exceptions
Ionic bonds
Bond to achieve octet rule... 1) Ionic... 2) Covalent
States that atoms lose, gain or share electrons in order to a…
Incomplete octet exceptions: H, He, Li, Be, B.
Formed via the transfer of one or more electrons from an elem…
Types of chemical bonds
Bond to achieve octet rule... 1) Ionic... 2) Covalent
Octet rule
States that atoms lose, gain or share electrons in order to a…
8 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biochemistry-Lipid transport
By what means are lipids transported
Cholesterol metabolism
key enzyme in cholesterol biosyntheis
Palmitic acid
chlomicrons, VLDL, IDL, LDL, and HDL
cholesterol may be obtained through dietary sources or thorug…
HMG-CoA reductase
the only fatty acid that humans can synthesize. Produced in t…
By what means are lipids transported
chlomicrons, VLDL, IDL, LDL, and HDL
Cholesterol metabolism
cholesterol may be obtained through dietary sources or thorug…
20 termscreated on December 3, 2016
MCAT GChem - Atomic Structure
isotopes
atomic number
mass number
Avogadro's number
same number of protons differ in number of neutrons; exhibit…
proton count; defines an element
protons and neutrons (both 1 amu); electrons don't contribute…
quantity representing a mole: 6.022 x 10^23
isotopes
same number of protons differ in number of neutrons; exhibit…
atomic number
proton count; defines an element
9 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biochemistry-Bioenergetics and regulation of metabolism
Postprandial/well fed (absorptive) state
Postabsorptive (fasting) state
Prolonged fasting (starvation)
Liver
insulin is secretion is high and anabolic metabolism prevails
insulin secretion decreases while glucagon and catecholamine…
dramatically increases glucagon and catecholamines. Most tiss…
maintains blood glucose through glycogenolysis and gluconeoge…
Postprandial/well fed (absorptive) state
insulin is secretion is high and anabolic metabolism prevails
Postabsorptive (fasting) state
insulin secretion decreases while glucagon and catecholamine…
27 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Biochemistry- Carbohydrate metabolism
Glycolysis
Glucokinase
Hexokinase
Phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1)
Occurs in the cytoplasm of all cells, and does not require ox…
present in the pancreatic beta-islet cells as part of the glu…
traps glucose
rate-limiting step
Glycolysis
Occurs in the cytoplasm of all cells, and does not require ox…
Glucokinase
present in the pancreatic beta-islet cells as part of the glu…
22 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Chapter 11 Spec
Spectroscopy general
MRI
IR spec
Fingerprint region
measuring energy differences in possible states by absorbed e…
HNMR of H2O in the body
Vibrations... -stretching ... -bonding ... Absorption of IR light ... u…
1500-400 cm^-1 ... this is not useful as varies greatly between…
Spectroscopy general
measuring energy differences in possible states by absorbed e…
MRI
HNMR of H2O in the body
7 termscreated on December 3, 2016
Chap. 11 Spectroscopy (Orgo)
Infrared spec
IR absorptions to remember
Ultra violet (UV) spec
NMR spec (H-NMR)
measures bond stretching, bending, and combinations of vibrat…
O-H: wide, 3300 cm^-1 (ROH) or 3000cm^-1 (COOH)... Carbonyl: sh…
Don't need to interpret spec on the MCAT... Pass UV light throu…
Based off alignment of molecules magnetic moment in a magneti…
Infrared spec
measures bond stretching, bending, and combinations of vibrat…
IR absorptions to remember
O-H: wide, 3300 cm^-1 (ROH) or 3000cm^-1 (COOH)... Carbonyl: sh…
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