Study sets matching "mcat"

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168 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Kaplan Behavioral Sciences MCAT Review - Chapter 1
Franz Gall
phrenology
Pierre Flourens
ablation
Person who had one of the earliest theories that behavior, in…
The basic idea that states if a particular behavioral trait i…
First person to study the functions of the major sections of…
Another term for extirpation
Franz Gall
Person who had one of the earliest theories that behavior, in…
phrenology
The basic idea that states if a particular behavioral trait i…
46 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Kaplan MCAT Behavioral Sciences Chapter 11: Social Structure and Demographics
Sociology
Sociological theories... (6 theories)
Microsociology
Macrosociology
The systematic study of human society
Attempt to answer: What motivated societies? ... 1) Functionali…
Individual experiences
Social instituions/ large structures that determine behavior.
Sociology
The systematic study of human society
Sociological theories... (6 theories)
Attempt to answer: What motivated societies? ... 1) Functionali…
66 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Kaplan MCAT Behavioral Sciences Chapter 10: Social Thinking
Interpersonal attraction
Golden ratio
Self-disclosure
Reciprocity
What makes people like each other and is influenced by multip…
Physical attractiveness, which is increased with symmetry and…
Includes sharing fears, thoughts, and goals with another pers…
In which we like people who we think like us.
Interpersonal attraction
What makes people like each other and is influenced by multip…
Golden ratio
Physical attractiveness, which is increased with symmetry and…
45 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Behavioral Sciences MCAT- Chapter 9: Social Interaction
Status
Ascribed status
Achieved status
Master status
A postion in society used to classify individuals.... Types:... 1)…
Involuntarily assigned to an individual based on race, ethnic…
Voluntarily earned by an individual. Gained as a result of on…
Status by which an individual is primarily identified.
Status
A postion in society used to classify individuals.... Types:... 1)…
Ascribed status
Involuntarily assigned to an individual based on race, ethnic…
50 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Behavioral Sciences MCAT- Chapter 8: Social Psychology
Social action
Social Facilitation
Yerkes-Dodson Law of Social Facilitation
Social constructivism
The actions and behaviors that individuals are conscious of a…
Describes the tendency of people to perform at a higher level…
Being in the presence of others will significantly raise arou…
working to change behavior by altering something that was con…
Social action
The actions and behaviors that individuals are conscious of a…
Social Facilitation
Describes the tendency of people to perform at a higher level…
65 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Behavioral Sciences MCAT- Chapter 7: Psychological Disorders
Psychological disorder
Biomedical approach
Biopsychosocial approach
DSM-5
Characteristic set of thoughts, feelings, and actions that ca…
The biomedical approach to psychological disorders takes into…
Considers the relative contributions of biological, psycholog…
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is…
Psychological disorder
Characteristic set of thoughts, feelings, and actions that ca…
Biomedical approach
The biomedical approach to psychological disorders takes into…
75 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Behavioral Sciences MCAT- Chapter 6: Identity and Personality
Self-concept
Identities
Types of identity
Androgyny
The sum of the ways in which we describe ourselves; in the pr…
Individual components of out self concept related to the grou…
1) Gender identity ... 2) Ethnicity... 3) Nationality... Many more
Defined as a state of being simultaneously very masculine and…
Self-concept
The sum of the ways in which we describe ourselves; in the pr…
Identities
Individual components of out self concept related to the grou…
55 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Behavioral Sciences MCAT- Chapter 5: Motivation, Emotion, and Stress
Motivation... (types)
Motivation Theories
Instincts
Instinct theory
The purpose, or driving force behind our actions. ... Can be:... 1…
1) Instinct theory... 2) Arousal theory... 3) Drive-reduction theor…
Innate, fixed behaviors in response to a stimuli. In may be c…
People perform certain behaviors because of evolutionarily pr…
Motivation... (types)
The purpose, or driving force behind our actions. ... Can be:... 1…
Motivation Theories
1) Instinct theory... 2) Arousal theory... 3) Drive-reduction theor…
67 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Behavioral Sciences MCAT- Chapter 4: Cognition, Consciousness, and Language
Cognition
Information processing model... (four com…
Cognitive development
Jean Piaget
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
Theory to describe how our brain encodes, stores, and retriev…
The development of one's abilities to think and solve problem…
Influential psychologist in the field of developmental psycho…
Cognition
The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, reme…
Information processing model... (four com…
Theory to describe how our brain encodes, stores, and retriev…
69 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Kaplan MCAT Behavioral Sciences Chapter 3: Learning and Memory
Learning
Habituation
Dishabituation
Associative learning
Modification of behavior based on specific experiences
Non-associative learning. Repeated exposure to the same stimu…
The recovery of a response to a stimulus after habituation, u…
A way of pairing together stimuli and response, or behaviors…
Learning
Modification of behavior based on specific experiences
Habituation
Non-associative learning. Repeated exposure to the same stimu…
67 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Kaplan MCAT Behavioral Sciences Chapter 2: Sensation and Perception
Sensation
Perception
Perception vs. Sensation?
Sensory Receptors
aka transduction.... Conversion of physical, electromagnetic, a…
The processing of sensory signals in the brain to make sense…
We can give robots sensors to gather information of environme…
Neurons that respond to stimuli and trigger electrical signals.
Sensation
aka transduction.... Conversion of physical, electromagnetic, a…
Perception
The processing of sensory signals in the brain to make sense…
44 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Functional Groups
alkane
alkene
alkyne
aromatic compound
C-C single bond... (CH₃CH₃)
C=C double bond... Functional group: double bond
functional group: triple bond
functional group: phenyl
alkane
C-C single bond... (CH₃CH₃)
alkene
C=C double bond... Functional group: double bond
10 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Oxygen-containing rxns
nucleophile
electrophile
carbonyl groups
carbonyl with leaving groups
- partially -, attack +... - neutron-loving... - donate e- => attac…
- partially +, attack -... - e- loving ... - accept e-... => Lewis acid
carboxylic acids and their derivatives
nucleophile
- partially -, attack +... - neutron-loving... - donate e- => attac…
electrophile
- partially +, attack -... - e- loving ... - accept e-... => Lewis acid
49 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Solutions and Electrochemistry
Anode
Aqueous phase
Cathode
Cell potential (E)
electrode where the oxidation half reaction takes place. Anio…
dissolved in water/ "hydrated"
electrode where the reduction half reaction takes place. Cati…
aka emf. The potential difference between the two terminals i…
Anode
electrode where the oxidation half reaction takes place. Anio…
Aqueous phase
dissolved in water/ "hydrated"
16 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Chemical Kinetics
exergonic reaction
endergonic reaction
activation energy of forward reaction
activation energy of reverse reaction
energy given off, negative free energy change
energy absorbed, positive free energy change
difference in free energy between transition state and reacta…
difference in free energy between transition state and products
exergonic reaction
energy given off, negative free energy change
endergonic reaction
energy absorbed, positive free energy change
145 termscreated on January 22, 2017
MCAT 7 Leggo
shell, orbital
subshell, spin
2n^2
4l+2
n represents ___, ml represents ___
l represents ___, ms represents ___
maximum number of electrons in energy level n is ___
maximum number of electrons that can exist within a subshell…
shell, orbital
n represents ___, ml represents ___
subshell, spin
l represents ___, ms represents ___
129 termscreated on January 22, 2017
MCAT Physics Equations/Concepts Other person made this
Kinematics Equations
Force of Gravity Between Two Objects
Kinetic Friction
Static Friction
Units of G = N∗m²/kg²
Kinematics Equations
Force of Gravity Between Two Objects
Units of G = N∗m²/kg²
27 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Biology 5- Microbiology
Bacteriophage
Capsid
Capsid head
Tail fibers
A protein coat surrounding the viral nucleic acid genome.
Where viral genome is located
Attach to the surface of the host cell along with the *base p…
Bacteriophage
Capsid
A protein coat surrounding the viral nucleic acid genome.
24 termscreated on January 22, 2017
General CHEM compounds and stoichiometry
grams equivalent weigh
equivalents
law of constant composition
empirical formula
is a measure of the mass of a substance that can donate one e…
are mols of the species of interest (acid-base) or (oxidation…
states that any pure sample of a compound will contain the sa…
is the smalest whole number ratio of elements in a compound
grams equivalent weigh
is a measure of the mass of a substance that can donate one e…
equivalents
are mols of the species of interest (acid-base) or (oxidation…
21 termscreated on January 22, 2017
General CHEM Bonding and chemical interaction
octet rule
exceptions to the octet rule
ionic bond
covalent
elements will be most stable with 8 valence electrons
H, He, Li, Be, B... greater than 8 include electrons in period 3…
transfer of one or more electrons, occur b/t elements with la…
sharing of electrons between 2 elements with similar electron…
octet rule
elements will be most stable with 8 valence electrons
exceptions to the octet rule
H, He, Li, Be, B... greater than 8 include electrons in period 3…
68 termscreated on January 22, 2017
MCAT-BIOLOGY
viruses are not considered living orga…
the cytosol allows for
rRNA is synthesized at the
The space inside the inner membrane of…
they cannot replicate on their own
diffusion of molecules throughout the cell
nucleolus
matrix
viruses are not considered living orga…
they cannot replicate on their own
the cytosol allows for
diffusion of molecules throughout the cell
104 termscreated on January 22, 2017
MCAT 6 Baby
Vmax/enzyme concentration
no, they can occur, but excitation of…
to keep the body in equilibrium by pos…
chiral nonaromatic
when an enzyme is saturated, kcat=
is bond breaking or ionization or bond vibration gauarenteed…
why must a person lean forward or slide their feet under the…
these amino acids will contribute solely to the CD signal in…
Vmax/enzyme concentration
when an enzyme is saturated, kcat=
no, they can occur, but excitation of…
is bond breaking or ionization or bond vibration gauarenteed…
16 termscreated on January 22, 2017
Orgo Chapter 8, 9 & 10 -- Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives, and Nitrogen/Phosphorous Containing Compounds
Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids
Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids
Reduction of Carboxylic Acid
Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids
-Add -oic acid to parent root... -For dicarboxylic acids, add -d…
1. Higher melting/boiling point than alcohols due to increase…
Carboxylic acids can be reduced to a primary alcohol with LiA…
Primary Alcohol + Oxidizing Agent
Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids
-Add -oic acid to parent root... -For dicarboxylic acids, add -d…
Physical Properties of Carboxylic Acids
1. Higher melting/boiling point than alcohols due to increase…
54 termscreated on January 21, 2017
MCAT
Abbreviation for alanine?
Abbreviation for arginine?
Abbreviation for asparagine?
Abbreviation for aspartic acid?
Ala, A
Arg, R
Asn, N
Asp, D
Abbreviation for alanine?
Ala, A
Abbreviation for arginine?
Arg, R
56 termscreated on January 21, 2017
7B. Social processes that influence human behavior
Michelangelo phenomenon
Social action and social interaction
Social facilitation
Yerkes-Dodson law... -definition... -variants
The concept of self is made up of both the intrapersonal self…
social action - actions and behaviors that individuals are co…
the tendency to perform better on SIMPLE TASKS when in the pr…
describes relationship between levels of arousal and performa…
Michelangelo phenomenon
The concept of self is made up of both the intrapersonal self…
Social action and social interaction
social action - actions and behaviors that individuals are co…
7 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Organic Chemistry Chp 10: Nitrogen- and Phosphorus-Containing Compounds
Strecker synthesis
Gabriel (masonic-ester) synthesis
phosphoric acid
organic phosphates
- generates an amino acid from an aldehyde... 1) an aldehyde i…
- *generates an amino acid from a potassium phthalimide, diet…
- has three hydrogens, each with a unique pKa... - the wide vari…
- are carbon-containing compounds that also have phosphate gr…
Strecker synthesis
- generates an amino acid from an aldehyde... 1) an aldehyde i…
Gabriel (masonic-ester) synthesis
- *generates an amino acid from a potassium phthalimide, diet…
20 termscreated on January 21, 2017
ALL MCAT FORMULAS
Centripetal Force
Power Formula
Pressure Formula
Hydrostatic Pressure Formula
W/t= Fv
pgy (densityxgravityxdistance)
Centripetal Force
Power Formula
W/t= Fv
30 termscreated on January 21, 2017
MCAT Biochem Ch 4 - Amino Acids and Proteins
Amino acid generic structure? What are…
What are the four categories of the am…
Acidic amino acids - what are their na…
Aspartic acid? structure? abbreviation…
Consists of:... - α amino group... - α-carbon... - α-carboxyl group... -…
Acidic, basic, nonpolar & polar
They are: aspartic acid (Asp) and glutamic acid (Glu)... They p…
Asp - acidic amino acid
Amino acid generic structure? What are…
Consists of:... - α amino group... - α-carbon... - α-carboxyl group... -…
What are the four categories of the am…
Acidic, basic, nonpolar & polar
50 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Biochem ch. 9 - Carb Metabolism I (anaerobic processes)
What's a relatively normal blood sugar…
What does hyperglycemia damage in the…
What can hypoglycemia cause? (3)
Which 4 systems are mainly responsible…
100 mg/dL... 5.6 mM
Retinas... kidneys... blood vessels... nerves
anatomic disturbances... seizures... coma
Digestive... Endocrine... Excretory... Neurological
What's a relatively normal blood sugar…
100 mg/dL... 5.6 mM
What does hyperglycemia damage in the…
Retinas... kidneys... blood vessels... nerves
20 termscreated on January 21, 2017
20 amino acids
Glycine (Gly/G)(Nonpolar, aliphatic R…
Alanine (Ala/A) (Nonpolar, aliphatic R…
Proline (Pro/P) (Nonpolar, aliphatic R…
Valine (Val/V) (Nonpolar, aliphatic R…
Glycine (Gly/G)(Nonpolar, aliphatic R…
Alanine (Ala/A) (Nonpolar, aliphatic R…
462 termscreated on January 21, 2017
MCAT Psychology and Sociology
Schwann Cells
oligodendrocytes
astrocytes
microglia
found in PNS; form myelin to increase speed of conduction
found in CNS; form mylein to increase speed of conduction
"sound crew" (regulators) found in CNS; helps synaptic commun…
"body guard" found in CNS; immune system and removes dead cel…
Schwann Cells
found in PNS; form myelin to increase speed of conduction
oligodendrocytes
found in CNS; form mylein to increase speed of conduction
43 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Biology Chapter 2
autosomal cells are said to be _______…
what are five stages of the cell cycle…
After replication of S stage, each chr…
which protein plays a role in two majo…
diploid (2n)
G1 - cells grows and performs its normal functions. DNA is ex…
chromatid, centromere
p53
autosomal cells are said to be _______…
diploid (2n)
what are five stages of the cell cycle…
G1 - cells grows and performs its normal functions. DNA is ex…
16 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 5 Electrostatics and Magnetism
e=1.60x10^-19C
Coulombs Law (3 stars)
electric field
5.3 Electric potential Energy (2 stars)
...
k= 8.99x10^9 Nm^2/C^2... e0= permitivity of free space
kQ/r^2... k=electrostatic constant... Q=source charge
e=1.60x10^-19C
...
Coulombs Law (3 stars)
k= 8.99x10^9 Nm^2/C^2... e0= permitivity of free space
17 termscreated on January 21, 2017
MCAT Polyatomic ions
nitrite
nitrate
sulfite
sulfate
NO₂⁻
NO₃⁻
SO₃²⁻
SO₄²⁻
nitrite
NO₂⁻
nitrate
NO₃⁻
16 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Biology Chapter 4: The Nervous System
Mnemonic I: Axons/Dentrites
Neuron (structure and function of each…
Key Concept I: Na+
Resting Potential
Axons carry neural signals Away from the soma; dendrites carr…
Cell Body (soma) - Holds nucleus. ... Schwann cells - Produce m…
Na+ wants to go into the cell because the cell is more negati…
3 Na+ pumped out of the cell for every 2 K+ pumped in.
Mnemonic I: Axons/Dentrites
Axons carry neural signals Away from the soma; dendrites carr…
Neuron (structure and function of each…
Cell Body (soma) - Holds nucleus. ... Schwann cells - Produce m…
18 termscreated on January 21, 2017
Chapter 5: The Endocrine System
What does the endocrine consist of and…
3 types of hormones
Classification of hormones by target t…
Organs of the Endocrine System
Glands- secrete hormones... Hormones- are signaling molecules th…
1. Amino acid derivatives- fast acting and short lived. Polar…
Direct Hormones- act directly on a target tissue... Tropic Hormo…
Hypothalamus, Anterior/Posterior Pituitary, Thyroid Gland, Pa…
What does the endocrine consist of and…
Glands- secrete hormones... Hormones- are signaling molecules th…
3 types of hormones
1. Amino acid derivatives- fast acting and short lived. Polar…
67 termscreated on January 20, 2017
MCAT
Anode
cathode
common ion effect
concentration cell
The positive electrode in electrolysis.
The negative electrode in electrolysis
the shift in equilibrium when a solid is dissolved in an aque…
galvanic cell in which the cathodic half reaction and the ano…
Anode
The positive electrode in electrolysis.
cathode
The negative electrode in electrolysis
20 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Amino Acids
Glycine
Alanine
Valine
Leucine
Non polar ... Gly... G
Nonpolar... Ala... A
Nonpolar... Val... V
Nonpolar... Leu... L
Glycine
Non polar ... Gly... G
Alanine
Nonpolar... Ala... A
50 termscreated on January 20, 2017
MCAT Biochemistry, Enzymes
Key features of enzymes and how they'r…
Substrates
Enzyme specificity
LIL HOT (major enzyme classifications)
Lower activation energy, speeds up reaction rate, does not al…
molecules which enzymes act upon
when a given enzyme only catalyzes a single reaction with sub…
Ligase, Isomerase, Lyase, Hydrolase, Oxidoreductase, Transfer…
Key features of enzymes and how they'r…
Lower activation energy, speeds up reaction rate, does not al…
Substrates
molecules which enzymes act upon
52 termscreated on January 20, 2017
MCAT Kaplan 2015: Biochemistry Chapter 1: Amino Acids, Peptides, Proteins
Amino Acids
Alpha Carbon
R groups or Side Chains
Chiral Amino Acids Characteristics
molecules that contain two functional groups: an amino group…
is the carbon adjacent to the carboxyl carbon; chiral center…
determine the chemical properties of amino acids
all amino acids are L and have (S) absolute configuration; ex…
Amino Acids
molecules that contain two functional groups: an amino group…
Alpha Carbon
is the carbon adjacent to the carboxyl carbon; chiral center…
26 termscreated on January 20, 2017
General CHEM Atomic structure
atomic mass
mass number
atomic mass
bohr model
# of protons
protons + neutrons
similar to mass number but accounts for isotopes
electrons surround dense pos charged nucleus with distinct or…
atomic mass
# of protons
mass number
protons + neutrons
54 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Psychology 4- Interacting with the environment
Broadbent Model of Selective Attention
Anne Treisman's Attenuation Model
Cocktail party effect
Selective priming
Inputs from the environment first enter a sensory buffer. One…
Accounts for the cocktail party effect. Mind has a volume kno…
Being able to tune out stimuli and focus on one. Also be able…
Suggests that people can be primed to observe something, eith…
Broadbent Model of Selective Attention
Inputs from the environment first enter a sensory buffer. One…
Anne Treisman's Attenuation Model
Accounts for the cocktail party effect. Mind has a volume kno…
132 termscreated on January 20, 2017
MCAT Psych/Soc
absolute poverty
acetylcholine (ACh)
acetylcholinesterase
achieved status
inability to meet a bare minimum of basic necessities, includ…
neurotransmitter used at:... the neuromuscular junction,... through…
enzyme that breaks down acetylcholine in the synaptic cleft
statuses that are considered to be due largely to an individu…
absolute poverty
inability to meet a bare minimum of basic necessities, includ…
acetylcholine (ACh)
neurotransmitter used at:... the neuromuscular junction,... through…
128 termscreated on January 20, 2017
MCAT Equations reddit 1/20
Distance formula
Average velocity
Average acceleration
Slope of position vs time
d=vt
v=∆x/∆t
a=∆v/∆t
velocity
Distance formula
d=vt
Average velocity
v=∆x/∆t
28 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Psychoactive Drugs - MCAT
Stimulants
Depressants
Opiates (opioids)
Hallucinogens
- increases: CNS, respiration, BP, heart rate, alertness, men…
- decreases CNS, BP, heart rate, respiration, processing spee…
- decreases: CNS, heart rate, BP... - Analgesic (reduces pain)…
- distorts perception, increases sensation, involves hallucin…
Stimulants
- increases: CNS, respiration, BP, heart rate, alertness, men…
Depressants
- decreases CNS, BP, heart rate, respiration, processing spee…
65 termscreated on January 20, 2017
MCAT: Motivation, Emotion, and Stress
Motivation
Factors that influence motivation
Extrinsic motivation
Intrinsic motivation
purpose or driving force behind our actions
instincts... arousal... drives... Needs
include rewards for showing a desired behavior or avoiding pu…
motivation that comes from within oneself, driven by an inter…
Motivation
purpose or driving force behind our actions
Factors that influence motivation
instincts... arousal... drives... Needs
10 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chapter 1 - MCAT Behavioral Sciences - Biology and Behavior
Neurulation
neural groove
neural folds
neural crest
first step in the development of the nervous system
the groove in between the two neural folds just before they m…
Raised ridges in the neural plate that surround the deepening…
A band of cells along the border where the neural tube pinche…
Neurulation
first step in the development of the nervous system
neural groove
the groove in between the two neural folds just before they m…
168 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Kaplan Behavioral Sciences MCAT Review - Chapter 1
Franz Gall
phrenology
Pierre Flourens
ablation
Person who had one of the earliest theories that behavior, in…
The basic idea that states if a particular behavioral trait i…
First person to study the functions of the major sections of…
Another term for extirpation
Franz Gall
Person who had one of the earliest theories that behavior, in…
phrenology
The basic idea that states if a particular behavioral trait i…
22 termscreated on January 20, 2017
organic reactions
alcohols
ester
alkane/alkene/alkyne
aldehydes
act as acid... fourth highest priority group... good nucleophile... ca…
can be reduced
can be oxidized
act as acid... second highest priority group... can be oxidized or…
alcohols
act as acid... fourth highest priority group... good nucleophile... ca…
ester
can be reduced
21 termscreated on January 20, 2017
Chemistry
bronsted lowry acid
bronsted lowry base
Strong acids
Ionization of Water, Kw
The proton is the focus.... H+ Donor
The proton is the focus.... H+ Acceptor
Perchloric Acid... Hydrochloric Acid... Hydrobromic Acid... Hydroiodic…
Kw=10^-14 @ 25 C and 1 atm
bronsted lowry acid
The proton is the focus.... H+ Donor
bronsted lowry base
The proton is the focus.... H+ Acceptor
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