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Study sets matching "mcat"

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Study sets matching "mcat"

35 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 11 skeletal muscle
Muscular systems
Skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muscle
smooth... skeletal... cardiac
Striated and multinucleated... Somatic innvervation... Sarcomeres... R…
Single nucleus... Autonomic innervation (involuntary)... Found in:…
Single nucleus or 2 nuclei... Striated... ANS... Intercalated discs... -g…
Muscular systems
smooth... skeletal... cardiac
Skeletal muscle
Striated and multinucleated... Somatic innvervation... Sarcomeres... R…
35 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chap. 11 Musculoskeletal system
Types of muscle
Skeletal muscle
Smooth muscle
Cardiac muslce
-Skeletal... -Smooth... -Cardiac
-innervated by the SNS (voluntary)... -striated ... Can be:... -fast…
-innervated by the ANS (involuntary)... -capable of tonus (const…
-involuntary... -striated... -cells connected via intercolated disc…
Types of muscle
-Skeletal... -Smooth... -Cardiac
Skeletal muscle
-innervated by the SNS (voluntary)... -striated ... Can be:... -fast…
32 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Bio 2 The Digestive and Excretory systems Lecture 5
Absorption
Filtration secretion
Loop henle
Outside
The three processes of the digestive system digestion, ______…
From the kidney, substances travel in one of only 2 direction…
Diffusion down concentration gradients & active pumps in the…
Entire digestive tract is considered to be ______ the body (H…
Absorption
The three processes of the digestive system digestion, ______…
Filtration secretion
From the kidney, substances travel in one of only 2 direction…
29 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Psychology Chapter 10
Spearman's general intelligence (g)
L. L. Thurstone
Gardner's eight intelligences
Sternberg's three intelligences
Humans have one general intelligence that is at the heart of…
a critic of Spearman... seven clusters of primary mental abiliti…
Intelligence consists of multiple abilities that come in diff…
Analytical intelligence (School smarts: Traditional academic…
Spearman's general intelligence (g)
Humans have one general intelligence that is at the heart of…
L. L. Thurstone
a critic of Spearman... seven clusters of primary mental abiliti…
24 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chap. 12 Electrochemistry
3 types of controlled cells (systems)
Anode
Cathode
Electromotive force (EMF)
1) galvanic (voltaic): spontaneous reactions... 2) electrolytic:…
the oxidation electrode... NEGATIVE
the reduction electrode... POSITIVE
Voltage:... (+) voltage= release E (deltaG<0)... (-) voltage= abso…
3 types of controlled cells (systems)
1) galvanic (voltaic): spontaneous reactions... 2) electrolytic:…
Anode
the oxidation electrode... NEGATIVE
24 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 12 Electro chem
3 types of electrochemical cells
Anode and cathode
emf
movement of electrons in cell... current…
galvanic... electrolytic... concentration
anode where oxidation occurs... cathode where reduction occurs
voltage... + emf is a -deltag meaning spontaneous ... - emf is a +d…
always move anode to cathode ... current always runs opposite f…
3 types of electrochemical cells
galvanic... electrolytic... concentration
Anode and cathode
anode where oxidation occurs... cathode where reduction occurs
15 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chapter 11 Redox
common oxidation agents
common reducing agents
oxidation #
steps to do ox #
O2... H2O2... halogens ... H2SO3... HNO3... NAClO... KMnO4... CrO3... Na2CrO3... PCC
CO... C... B2H6... Sn2+ (pure metals)... hydrazine... Zn(Hg)... lindlers cataly…
-free elements are 0... -monoatomic ion is its charge... -group 1A…
start with known atoms... -1A 2A halogens and oxygen... Trans metal…
common oxidation agents
O2... H2O2... halogens ... H2SO3... HNO3... NAClO... KMnO4... CrO3... Na2CrO3... PCC
common reducing agents
CO... C... B2H6... Sn2+ (pure metals)... hydrazine... Zn(Hg)... lindlers cataly…
14 termscreated on December 8, 2016
Chap. 11 Redox
Mnemonic
Oxidizing and reducing agents are ____…
Common oxidizing agents
Common reducing agents
OIL RIG
Oxidizing agents are reduced... Reducing agents are oxidized
O2... H2O2... H2SO4... HNO3... NaClO... KMnO4... CrO3, Na2Cr2O7... PCC... NAD+, FADH
CO... C... B2H6... Sn 2+... hydrazine... Zn(Hg)... Lindlar's catalyst... NaBH4... LIA…
Mnemonic
OIL RIG
Oxidizing and reducing agents are ____…
Oxidizing agents are reduced... Reducing agents are oxidized
33 termscreated on December 7, 2016
BioChemistry Ch.7- RNA and the Gentic code
Central dogma
Start codon
Stop Codons
Wabble
AUG
U Are Annoying... U Go Away... U Are Gone
Thirds Base codon; allowing mutations without effects in the…
Central dogma
Start codon
AUG
54 termscreated on December 7, 2016
MCAT Cell Biology
Components of plasma membrane
Protein component of plasma membrane
Role of 2 protein types of cell membrane
2 types of integral proteins
Lipids: phospholipid bilayer, steroids, waxes... Proteins ... Glyco…
Integral: Intrinsic and embedded in membrane; has hydrophobic…
Integral: Transport materials in and out of cell ... Peripheral:…
Membrane channels: facilitated (passive) transport... Membrane p…
Components of plasma membrane
Lipids: phospholipid bilayer, steroids, waxes... Proteins ... Glyco…
Protein component of plasma membrane
Integral: Intrinsic and embedded in membrane; has hydrophobic…
20 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Biological Molecules and Enzymes
phospholipids
glycolipids
sphingolipids
steroids
- lipid... - glycerol backbone with polar phosphate group and 2…
- lipid... - glycerol backbone with carbohydrate(s) and 2 fatty…
-lipid... - sphingosine backbone with polar head group and fatty…
- lipid... - four ringed structures... - regulate metabolic activit…
phospholipids
- lipid... - glycerol backbone with polar phosphate group and 2…
glycolipids
- lipid... - glycerol backbone with carbohydrate(s) and 2 fatty…
71 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Genetics
nucleosome
oogonium
operon
ovum
DNA coiled around histone
diploid cell (before S phase duplication) that eventually mat…
cluster of genes under the control of a single promoter
mature female sex cell; prior to fertilization, haploid with…
nucleosome
DNA coiled around histone
oogonium
diploid cell (before S phase duplication) that eventually mat…
20 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chapter 12 Separation
Extraction... wash
Aqueous vs organic layer
Separatory funnel
3 factors affecting solubility
Dissolved solute from one solvent to an more soluble one ... -li…
Aq is polar... organic in non-polar
More dense will be on the bottom, filter out and keep one you…
H-bonding: these found in aq layer... Dipole-dipole: less likely…
Extraction... wash
Dissolved solute from one solvent to an more soluble one ... -li…
Aqueous vs organic layer
Aq is polar... organic in non-polar
17 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Chap. 12 Separation and Purification (Orgo)
Extraction
3 factors that influence solubility
Filtration
Recrystallization
Transferring a compound from solvent to another solvent in wh…
-H bonding (aqueous layer)... -dipole dipole interaction (less l…
isolating a solid from a liquid:... -residue is removed from fil…
dissolve a product in a minimum amount of hot solvent then co…
Extraction
Transferring a compound from solvent to another solvent in wh…
3 factors that influence solubility
-H bonding (aqueous layer)... -dipole dipole interaction (less l…
57 termscreated on December 7, 2016
Biology Chp 3: Embryogenesis and Development
fertilization
cortical reaction
fraternal (dizygotic) twins
identical (monozygotic) twins
- the joining of the sperm and an ovum... - usually occurs in th…
- when the sperm first penetrates, it causes a release of cal…
- result from the fertilization of two eggs by two different…
- resulting from the splitting of a zygote in two... - they can…
fertilization
- the joining of the sperm and an ovum... - usually occurs in th…
cortical reaction
- when the sperm first penetrates, it causes a release of cal…
822 termscreated on December 7, 2016
MCAT Psych/Sociology
Biopsychosocial approach to health and…
Biomedical approach to health and illn…
Models
Theories
Illness is determined by a variety of influences, rather than…
Disease is studied by examining only the biological factors o…
Provide an approximation (physical/conceptual representation)…
Provides the conceptual framework for understanding objects o…
Biopsychosocial approach to health and…
Illness is determined by a variety of influences, rather than…
Biomedical approach to health and illn…
Disease is studied by examining only the biological factors o…
84 terms
created on December 6, 2016
EK Chemistry Chapter 4: Thermodynamics
What is thermodynamics?
What are extensive and intensive prope…
What happens when you divide 2 extensi…
What is temperature?
The study of energy transfer and change.
Extensive properties are proportional to the size of the syst…
You will get an intensive property.
It represents the amount of molecular movement in a substance…
What is thermodynamics?
The study of energy transfer and change.
What are extensive and intensive prope…
Extensive properties are proportional to the size of the syst…
70 termscreated on December 6, 2016
MCAT Behavioral Sciences Ch. 2
Sensation
Perception
Ganglia
Osmoreceptors:
-Transduction... -Conversion of physical electromagnetic, audito…
-Processing of information ... -Includes both sensory and intern…
Collections of neuron cell bodies found outside the CNS
Respond to osmolarity of blood (water homeostasis)
Sensation
-Transduction... -Conversion of physical electromagnetic, audito…
Perception
-Processing of information ... -Includes both sensory and intern…
6 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Aldehyde and Ketone Naming
Methanal
Ethanal
Butanal
Acetone
Methanal
Ethanal
51 termscreated on December 6, 2016
The Musculoskeletal System (Ch.11 Bio MCAT)
Involved in support, movement, propuls…
Is in respiratory, reproductive, cardi…
Comprises the contractile tissue of th…
____ and ____ muscles can display myog…
skeletal muscles
smooth muscles
cardiac muscles
smooth, cardiac
Involved in support, movement, propuls…
skeletal muscles
Is in respiratory, reproductive, cardi…
smooth muscles
64 termscreated on December 6, 2016
Psychology "Identity & the Individual" Lecture 3 (Polished)
Personality
Identity
Culturally
Personality
___________ is composed of internal characteristics that infl…
___________ is ones view of the self in relation to the world
Psychological disorders are ________ defined & occur in the c…
_______ is the collection of lasting characteristics that mak…
Personality
___________ is composed of internal characteristics that infl…
Identity
___________ is ones view of the self in relation to the world
59 termscreated on December 6, 2016
High Yield Examkrackers MCAT
Hydrolysis
Km
Radioactive decay problems
Breakdown of molecules (I think all the macromolecules like p…
(__) aka the Michaelis constant is the [Substr8] at which the…
Alpha decay, beta decay, gamma
Hydrolysis
Breakdown of molecules (I think all the macromolecules like p…
Km
(__) aka the Michaelis constant is the [Substr8] at which the…
108 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Bio 2 Circulatory, Respiratory, & Immune systems Lecture 4
Metabolic
Pressures concentrations
Innate acquired
Thermoregulation
The goal of respiration and circulation is the meet ______ ne…
Differential ______ (which is how you breathe) & _______ driv…
The _____ immune response is non-specific, fast, & short acti…
Respiratory system is important for _______, the regulation o…
Metabolic
The goal of respiration and circulation is the meet ______ ne…
Pressures concentrations
Differential ______ (which is how you breathe) & _______ driv…
75 termscreated on December 5, 2016
MCAT Behavioral Sciences Ch. 1
Extirpation / Ablation:
Functionalism:
Sensory neurons / afferent neurons:
Motor neurons / efferent neurons:
Surgically removing parts of the brain to view the consequences
System of thought that studied how mental processes help indi…
Sensory info to spine/brain
Motor info from brain/spine to muscles
Extirpation / Ablation:
Surgically removing parts of the brain to view the consequences
Functionalism:
System of thought that studied how mental processes help indi…
63 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Mcat Biology book
Backbone of the polypeptide
Residue
proteolysis/proteolytic cleavage
Two types of covalent protein bonds
N-C-C-N-C-C
when an aa is a part of a polypeptide synthesis
hydrolysis of a protein by another protein and does by proteo…
1. peptide... 2. disulfide
Backbone of the polypeptide
N-C-C-N-C-C
Residue
when an aa is a part of a polypeptide synthesis
152 termscreated on December 5, 2016
MCAT Biology
Transformation
Conjugation
Transduction
Binary fission
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
Transfer of bacterial DNA by a virus (bacteriophage)
Type of asexual reproduction in which an organism replicates…
Transformation
Integration of foreign genetic material into the host genome…
Conjugation
In bacteria, the direct transfer of DNA between two cells tha…
19 termscreated on December 5, 2016
MCAT Organic Chemistry
Constitutional isomers
Stereoisomers
Conformational isomers
Configurational isomers
Structural isomers - isomers that share only their molecular…
Isomers that differ in the arrangement of atoms in space.
Isomers that differ at points in natural rotation around sing…
Isomers that can only change from one form to another by the…
Constitutional isomers
Structural isomers - isomers that share only their molecular…
Stereoisomers
Isomers that differ in the arrangement of atoms in space.
33 termscreated on December 5, 2016
MCAT Chemistry
Standard Gibbs free energy
Gibbs free energy
Dalton's law of partial pressures
Henry's law
Pa = Xa * Ptot
Gas concentration is directly proportional to partial pressur…
Standard Gibbs free energy
Gibbs free energy
79 termscreated on December 5, 2016
MCAT Physics
Linear motion equations
Average velocity
Gravitational force
Static friction
Friction when a force is applied to an object but the object…
Linear motion equations
Average velocity
286 termscreated on December 5, 2016
MCAT Psychology
Absolute threshold
Difference threshold (JND)
Weber's law
Spotlight model
The minimum stimulus intensity required to activate a sensory…
The minimum noticeable difference between two sensory stimuli…
States that two stimuli must differ by a constant proportion…
Visual attention can shift within the visual field but can on…
Absolute threshold
The minimum stimulus intensity required to activate a sensory…
Difference threshold (JND)
The minimum noticeable difference between two sensory stimuli…
28 termscreated on December 5, 2016
MCAT Biochem Ch. 12
Are large biological systems considere…
Are cellular systems considered open o…
What is enthalpy in a biological setti…
Memorize the Gibbs free energy equation:
Open - we exchange matter and energy with surroundings
Closed
Overall change in heat of a system
Are large biological systems considere…
Open - we exchange matter and energy with surroundings
Are cellular systems considered open o…
Closed
21 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Gen Chem Chapter 3 -- Bonding and Chemical Interactions
Ionic Bonds
Characteristics of Ionic Bonds
Covalent Bonds
Characteristics of Covalent Bonds
-Form between atoms with significantly different electronegat…
1. Typically between metal and nonmetal... 2. High melting and b…
-An electron pair is shared between two atoms that have relat…
1. Typically between nonmetals... 2. Contain discrete molecular…
Ionic Bonds
-Form between atoms with significantly different electronegat…
Characteristics of Ionic Bonds
1. Typically between metal and nonmetal... 2. High melting and b…
43 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Biology Chp 4: The Nervous System
neurons
dendrites
soma
axon hillock
- highly specialized cells responsible for the conduction of…
appendages that receive signals from other cells
the cell body, it is the location of the nucleus as weak as o…
is where the cell body transitions to the axon, and where act…
neurons
- highly specialized cells responsible for the conduction of…
dendrites
appendages that receive signals from other cells
50 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Organic Chemistry Functional Groups and Common Compounds
alcohol
aldehyde
amide
benzene
alcohol
aldehyde
22 termscreated on December 5, 2016
1A: Structure and function of proteins and their constituent amino acids
Absolute configuration at the Alpha po…
Amino Acids as dipolar ions
Classifications of Amino Acids: Acidic…
Glycine
- first carbon attached to a functional group ... - The spatial…
- a dipolar ion is called a zwitterion (molecules bearing bot…
- Nonpolar... - Gly, G
Absolute configuration at the Alpha po…
- first carbon attached to a functional group ... - The spatial…
Amino Acids as dipolar ions
- a dipolar ion is called a zwitterion (molecules bearing bot…
53 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Kapsheet (chemistry)
During the following steps of an extra…
Is NaCl polar?
Fractional distillation
Crystallization... based on what?
1: acid protonates strong bases in organic layer (such as K2C…
Well, since it's so huge...maybe you could think of it like t…
more precise distillation, used to separate liquids whose boi…
based on the principle that pure substances form crystals mor…
During the following steps of an extra…
1: acid protonates strong bases in organic layer (such as K2C…
Is NaCl polar?
Well, since it's so huge...maybe you could think of it like t…
253 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Kapsheet (Social Sciences)
Explain the effects of both sympatheti…
Explain the effects of both sympatheti…
Explain the effects of both sympatheti…
Explain the effects of both sympatheti…
parasympathetic contracts bladder... sympathetic inhibits bladd…
parasympathetic dilates pupils... sympathetic constricts
para: stimulates flow of saliva (^ digestive enzymes ((saliva…
para: stimulates peristalsis and secretion, simulates bile pr…
Explain the effects of both sympatheti…
parasympathetic contracts bladder... sympathetic inhibits bladd…
Explain the effects of both sympatheti…
parasympathetic dilates pupils... sympathetic constricts
262 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Kapsheet (Biochemistry)
Glycine... short-hand and single letter…
Alanine... short-hand and single letter…
Valine
Leucine
non polar... the only non-stereogenic AA... (Gly, G)... R = none
non polar... (Ala, A)... R = CH3
non polar... look's like the letter "V" (i-Pr group)... (Val, V)…
non polar... (Leu, L)... R = CH2CH(CH3)2
Glycine... short-hand and single letter…
non polar... the only non-stereogenic AA... (Gly, G)... R = none
Alanine... short-hand and single letter…
non polar... (Ala, A)... R = CH3
80 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Kaplan quicksheet (physics)
What does the law of reflection descri…
What's the incident angle?
Snells law
Critical angle
That when a light ray is approaching a surface, the incident…
The angle between an incoming light ray, and the NORMAL.... Don…
When the angle of incidence approaching a boundary of two dif…
What does the law of reflection descri…
That when a light ray is approaching a surface, the incident…
What's the incident angle?
The angle between an incoming light ray, and the NORMAL.... Don…
256 termscreated on December 5, 2016
Kaplan quicksheets (Biology)
Where are the first adjustments to the…
Where are the final adjustments made t…
Somatostatin
Many things are reabsorbed from the ne…
DCT
collecting duct
inhibits the secretion of both insulin and glucagon.
Ammonia
Where are the first adjustments to the…
DCT
Where are the final adjustments made t…
collecting duct
170 termscreated on December 5, 2016
12/5
transverse waves
longitudinal waves
propagation speed
anatomy of a wave
particles oscillate perpendicular to the direction of propaga…
particles oscillate parallel to the direction of propagation
v =f (wavelength)
transverse waves
particles oscillate perpendicular to the direction of propaga…
longitudinal waves
particles oscillate parallel to the direction of propagation
24 termscreated on December 4, 2016
Biology MCAT (genetics and evolution)
Genetic leakage
Genetic drift
Founder effect
Monohybrid cross
flow of genes between species through hybrid offspring (rare…
composition of gene pool changes as a result of chance
results from bottlenecks that suddenly isolate a small popula…
accounts for one gene; results in 1:2:1 genotypes and 3:1 phe…
Genetic leakage
flow of genes between species through hybrid offspring (rare…
Genetic drift
composition of gene pool changes as a result of chance
25 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT: Biology (Musculoskeletal System)
Musculoskeletal system: contractile un…
sarcomere
sarcomere is in _____ muscle
sarcomere contains (not general struct…
sarcomere
contractile unit of the fibers in skeletal muscle
skeletal
thin actin and thick myosin filaments
Musculoskeletal system: contractile un…
sarcomere
sarcomere
contractile unit of the fibers in skeletal muscle
30 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT Digestive System
Mastication
Stomach Glands
Pyloric Gland
Gastrin
chewing, mechanical digestion that occurs in the mouth
pyloric and gastric
secretes gastrin
secreted by the pyloric gland of the stomach... increases HCl co…
Mastication
chewing, mechanical digestion that occurs in the mouth
Stomach Glands
pyloric and gastric
22 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT 2015: Immune System
Innate immunity
Adaptive immunity
Immune cells come from:
spleen and lymph nodes
defenses that are always active, but that cannot target a spe…
defenses that take time to activate, but that target a specif…
bone marrow
sites where immune responses can be mounted... and... in which B-ce…
Innate immunity
defenses that are always active, but that cannot target a spe…
Adaptive immunity
defenses that take time to activate, but that target a specif…
28 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT: Biology (Nervous System)
functional unit of the nervous system
neuron structure
nervous system: resting potential
nervous system: action potential
neuron
3 Na+ pumped out for every 2K+ pumped in
stimulus acts on the neuron, depolarizing the membrane of the…
functional unit of the nervous system
neuron
neuron structure
22 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT Biology - Reproductive System
SEVENUP (Seminiferous tubules, Epididy…
GnRH
estrogen
oocyte endometrium
mnemonic for male reproduction
_____________ (a hormone) stimulates release of FSH and LH
1) normally inhibits LH and FSH... 2) causes LH surge when it re…
Monthly cycle: primary _______ matures into secondary oocyte…
SEVENUP (Seminiferous tubules, Epididy…
mnemonic for male reproduction
GnRH
_____________ (a hormone) stimulates release of FSH and LH
15 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT Biology (1.4 Genetics and Growth of Prokaryotic Cells)
binary fission
plasmid
virulence factors
episomes
This is a simple form of asexual reproduction used by prokary…
This is a small, circular section of extra DNA that although…
These are characteristics conferred by a plasmid that improve…
This is a subset of plasmids that are capable of integration…
binary fission
This is a simple form of asexual reproduction used by prokary…
plasmid
This is a small, circular section of extra DNA that although…
10 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT: General Chemistry (Solutions and Electrochemistry)
Molarity
Molality
Mole fraction
Mass percentage
moles of solute/volume of solution
moles of solute/kilograms of solvent
moles of solute/total moles of all solutes and solvent
(mass of solute/ total mass of solution) x 100%
Molarity
moles of solute/volume of solution
Molality
moles of solute/kilograms of solvent
15 termscreated on December 4, 2016
MCAT: The Gas Phase Equations
Ideal Gas Law
Density of a gas
Combined Gas Law
Avogadro's Principle
PV=nRT... P=pressure ... V=volume... n=number of moles... T=temperature
m=mass... v=volume... P=pressure... M=molar mass)... R=ideal gas constant…
Ideal Gas Law
PV=nRT... P=pressure ... V=volume... n=number of moles... T=temperature
Density of a gas
m=mass... v=volume... P=pressure... M=molar mass)... R=ideal gas constant…
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