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Study sets matching "med surg 2"

97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
153 terms
Medical Surgery
Why do patients get blood products?
List the two main functions of transfu…
What is whole blood given for and how…
PRBC's ... 1. what must you do first?... 2.…
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
-for shock, low blood volume, low Hgb, low Hct, hemorrhage... -5…
1. must be typed and cross matched... 2. Rh neg. gets Rh neg. ... 3…
Why do patients get blood products?
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
List the two main functions of transfu…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
68 terms
Surgery Exam #2 - Medical/Surgical Tx?
cholelithiasis (gallstones)
acute cholecystitis
chronic cholecystitis
choledocholithiasis
No Tx if aSx, if S/S ...... SURGICAL - laparoscopic cholecyste…
MEDICAL: NPO, IV fluids, analgesics, IV abx (if stone prese…
SAME AS ACUTE...... MEDICAL: NPO, IV fluids, analgesics, IV a…
SURGICAL: CBD stones suspected → pre-op ERCP w endoscopic s…
cholelithiasis (gallstones)
No Tx if aSx, if S/S ...... SURGICAL - laparoscopic cholecyste…
acute cholecystitis
MEDICAL: NPO, IV fluids, analgesics, IV abx (if stone prese…
Surgery Exam #2 - Medical/Surgical Tx?
cholelithiasis (gallstones)
acute cholecystitis
chronic cholecystitis
choledocholithiasis
No Tx if aSx, if S/S ...... SURGICAL - laparoscopic cholecyste…
MEDICAL: NPO, IV fluids, analgesics, IV abx (if stone prese…
SAME AS ACUTE...... MEDICAL: NPO, IV fluids, analgesics, IV a…
SURGICAL: CBD stones suspected → pre-op ERCP w endoscopic s…
cholelithiasis (gallstones)
No Tx if aSx, if S/S ...... SURGICAL - laparoscopic cholecyste…
acute cholecystitis
MEDICAL: NPO, IV fluids, analgesics, IV abx (if stone prese…
158 terms
Medical Surgery
Why do patients get blood products?
List the two main functions of transfu…
What is whole blood given for and how…
PRBC's ... 1. what must you do first?... 2.…
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
-for shock, low blood volume, low Hgb, low Hct, hemorrhage... -5…
1. must be typed and cross matched... 2. Rh neg. gets Rh neg. ... 3…
Why do patients get blood products?
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
List the two main functions of transfu…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
29 terms
Medical Surgery
Dehiscence
Evisceration
Eschar
Granulation tissue
Partial or complete separation of wound
The rupturing of a wound
Hard, dry, leathery dead tissue
New tissue that grows and fills a wound
Dehiscence
Partial or complete separation of wound
Evisceration
The rupturing of a wound
158 terms
Medical Surgery
Why do patients get blood products?
List the two main functions of transfu…
What is whole blood given for and how…
PRBC's ... 1. what must you do first?... 2.…
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
-for shock, low blood volume, low Hgb, low Hct, hemorrhage... -5…
1. must be typed and cross matched... 2. Rh neg. gets Rh neg. ... 3…
Why do patients get blood products?
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
List the two main functions of transfu…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
68 terms
Surgery Exam #2 - Medical/Surgical Tx?
cholelithiasis (gallstones)
acute cholecystitis
chronic cholecystitis
choledocholithiasis
No Tx if aSx, if S/S ...... SURGICAL - laparoscopic cholecyste…
MEDICAL: NPO, IV fluids, analgesics, IV abx (if stone prese…
SAME AS ACUTE...... MEDICAL: NPO, IV fluids, analgesics, IV a…
SURGICAL: CBD stones suspected → pre-op ERCP w endoscopic s…
cholelithiasis (gallstones)
No Tx if aSx, if S/S ...... SURGICAL - laparoscopic cholecyste…
acute cholecystitis
MEDICAL: NPO, IV fluids, analgesics, IV abx (if stone prese…
38 terms
medical surgery
what is the appropiate order of steps…
what is the name of the fluis=d with h…
which statemnt are true wih regard to…
the medical assistant is changing a st…
Sanitize hands and ensure that they are completely dry.... Check…
exudate
surgidac is a polyester fiber suture the material... surgical gu…
before applying the new dressing
what is the appropiate order of steps…
Sanitize hands and ensure that they are completely dry.... Check…
what is the name of the fluis=d with h…
exudate
19 terms
Medical Terminology Ch. 2 Word Surgery
Palliative
Pathogen
Terminal
Hereditary
palliat/o- reduce the severity... -ive pertaining to
path/o- disease... -gen that which produces
termin/o- end; boundary... -al pertaining to
heredit/o- genetic inheritance... -ary pertaining to
Palliative
palliat/o- reduce the severity... -ive pertaining to
Pathogen
path/o- disease... -gen that which produces
52 terms
Surgery Medications
Balanced Anesthesia
Categories of anesthetics
Inhalation anesthetics
Inhalation: Gaseous
Using a variety of anesthetics because no one agent is ideal.…
1) Inhalation: gaseous, volatile ... 2) IV: hypnotics, narcotics…
Administered through respiratory tract. Dosage controlled by…
Classification: gaseous general anesthetic... Prototype: nitrous…
Balanced Anesthesia
Using a variety of anesthetics because no one agent is ideal.…
Categories of anesthetics
1) Inhalation: gaseous, volatile ... 2) IV: hypnotics, narcotics…
125 terms
Surgery (Medical Kiswahili)
kupasua
kukata
kupasuliwa
kupasulia
to operate
to operate
to be operated on
to operate (prepositional form)
kupasua
to operate
kukata
to operate
18 terms
Essential Medical Terminology Chapter 2 (Suffixes Surgery)
-age
-centesis
-cid
-cis
related to
surgical puncture
kill
cut. kill, excise
-age
related to
-centesis
surgical puncture
18 terms
Medical Terminology CH 2 (suffixes used in surgery)
-age
-centesis
-cid
-cis
related to
surgical puncture
kill
cut, kill, excise
-age
related to
-centesis
surgical puncture
87 terms
Medical Surgery Exam 1
3 Phases of Surgery
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
Characteristics of calcium excess
Normal Calcium level
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
hypertension, EKG changes, muscle/ joint pain, nausea, thirst…
8.5 - 10.6
3 Phases of Surgery
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
41 terms
Medical Surgery- exam 2 (ch. 64-66)
macule
papule
vesicle
wheal
flat, round, color (ex. freckles, rash)
elevated, obvious raised border, solid (ex. wart)
elevated, round, filled with serum (ex. blister)
elevated, irregular border, no fluid (ex. hives)
macule
flat, round, color (ex. freckles, rash)
papule
elevated, obvious raised border, solid (ex. wart)
23 terms
INTRACRANEAL PRESSURE MEDICAL SURGERY
what causes intracranial pressure
what is intracranial pressure
what are the symptoms
treatment of ICP
hemorrhages... sub-dural hematomas... stroke... traumatic brain injury
is t he overall pressure inside the skull, the normal range i…
-changes in LOC... -vomiting
-mannitol... -lasix... -dexametasone... -sedative/analgesics... -stool so…
what causes intracranial pressure
hemorrhages... sub-dural hematomas... stroke... traumatic brain injury
what is intracranial pressure
is t he overall pressure inside the skull, the normal range i…
93 terms
Medical Surgery Final Exam
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Wheezing
Abnormal Breathe sounds
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Kussmaul respirations
are short high pitched sounds made on expiratory
used to describe bronchial or bronchovesicular sounds heard i…
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Kussmaul respirations
27 terms
Medical surgery and infection control
Best way to prevent spreading of disease
Reasons for contamination
Difference between aerobic and anaerob…
Steps in opening a sterile pack
hand hygiene
long fingernails, nail polish, long hair, artificial nails
aerobic requires oxygen to live and anaerobic does not
use non-sterile gloves, place on mayo stand, open away from you
Best way to prevent spreading of disease
hand hygiene
Reasons for contamination
long fingernails, nail polish, long hair, artificial nails
57 terms
Surgery 2
What is gas exchange?
What do the lungs need for gas exchang…
What is pulmonary performance?
What does general anesthesia do to pul…
O2 in, CO2 out
blood flow and air
perfusion and breathing
depresses it
What is gas exchange?
O2 in, CO2 out
What do the lungs need for gas exchang…
blood flow and air
21 terms
surgery medication orders
vancomycin IV dosing
zosyn generic name
zosyn IV dosing
clindamycin PO dosing
500 mg q6h
piperacillin-tazobactam
4.5 g q6h
150 mg q6h
vancomycin IV dosing
500 mg q6h
zosyn generic name
piperacillin-tazobactam
119 terms
Surgery Medical Terminology
cleisis
desis
ectomy
lysis
closure, occlusion
fusion
surgical excision of
freeing of, reduction of
cleisis
closure, occlusion
desis
fusion
31 terms
Medical Surgery - CHAPTER 7
0.9 Normal Saline (NaCl) is an example…
Provides more water than electrolytes…
Contains protein or starch (which does…
Requires frequent monitoring of BP, lu…
An Isotonic Solution
Hypotonic Solution
Colloidal Solution (Plasma Expanders)
Hypertonic Solution
0.9 Normal Saline (NaCl) is an example…
An Isotonic Solution
Provides more water than electrolytes…
Hypotonic Solution
29 terms
Medications Used in Ophthalmic Surgery
phenylephrine HCl... Neo-Synephrine
tropicamide... Mydriacyl... cyclopentolate…
pilocarpine HCl... Pilocar
acetylcholine HCl... Miochol
Mydriatics: Pupil dilation by paralyzing the iris sphincter—d…
Cycloplegics: Pupil dilation with inability to focus... *Catarac…
Miotics: Pupil constriction... *Cataract extraction—assists in h…
Pupil constriction:... *Cataract extraction—assists in holding t…
phenylephrine HCl... Neo-Synephrine
Mydriatics: Pupil dilation by paralyzing the iris sphincter—d…
tropicamide... Mydriacyl... cyclopentolate…
Cycloplegics: Pupil dilation with inability to focus... *Catarac…
38 terms
Medical Surgery Test 3
Patients fear of death
Ambulatory Center day of surgery
Genitourinary System Review prior to s…
Non Drug Allergies
can be extremely detrimental. Attitude and emotional state in…
explain to the patient events such as patient registration, p…
Consider women of childbearing age, you need to determine if…
specifically food and environmental allergies such as latex.…
Patients fear of death
can be extremely detrimental. Attitude and emotional state in…
Ambulatory Center day of surgery
explain to the patient events such as patient registration, p…
87 terms
Medical Surgery Exam 1
3 Phases of Surgery
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
Characteristics of calcium excess
Normal Calcium level
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
hypertension, EKG changes, muscle/ joint pain, nausea, thirst…
8.5 - 10.6
3 Phases of Surgery
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
25 terms
4. Medical Conditions and Surgeries
CAD (Coronary Artery Disease)
DM (Diabetes Mellitus)
MI (Mycoardial Infarction)
CVA (Cerebrovascular Accident)
heart disease
condition in which person has an abnormally high level of glu…
heart attack
stroke
CAD (Coronary Artery Disease)
heart disease
DM (Diabetes Mellitus)
condition in which person has an abnormally high level of glu…
40 terms
Surgery, lab, medical tests
Angiography
Angioplasty
Balloon angioplasty
Anticoagulant
X-ray technique using an injected contrast medium to visualiz…
Surgical or percutaneous reconstruction of blood vessel
Insertion of a balloon to dilate a vessel (SEE PTCA)
Any substance that removes or prevents blood from clotting
Angiography
X-ray technique using an injected contrast medium to visualiz…
Angioplasty
Surgical or percutaneous reconstruction of blood vessel
87 terms
Medical Surgery Exam 1
3 Phases of Surgery
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
Characteristics of calcium excess
Normal Calcium level
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
hypertension, EKG changes, muscle/ joint pain, nausea, thirst…
8.5 - 10.6
3 Phases of Surgery
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
59 terms
Medical Terminology- Surgery
Surgical Technologists (ST)
CST
cic/o
sect/o
member of surgical team assisting Physicians and with prep of…
CERTIFIED SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST
to cut
to cut
Surgical Technologists (ST)
member of surgical team assisting Physicians and with prep of…
CST
CERTIFIED SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST
119 terms
Surgery Medical Terminology
cleisis
desis
ectomy
lysis
closure, occlusion
fusion
surgical excision of
freeing of, reduction of
cleisis
closure, occlusion
desis
fusion
40 terms
Ortho Surgery (Surgery Exam2)
PRE-Op
Pre-Op: CONDITIONS Table
Pre Op: ANTIBIOTICS
POST Op: DVT prophylaxis
Past Medical History... Past Surgical History... Review of Syste…
Give w/in 1 hr prior to OR!... NO:... evidence of continuing dos…
Risk Factors... Intraoperative devices ... (SCDs-sequential comp…
PRE-Op
Past Medical History... Past Surgical History... Review of Syste…
Pre-Op: CONDITIONS Table
97 terms
Surgery Medical Terminology
aphth/o
aponeur/o
-ar
atreto-
ulcer
type of tendon
pertaining to
closed, lacking an opening
aphth/o
ulcer
aponeur/o
type of tendon
93 terms
Medical Surgery Final Exam
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Wheezing
Abnormal Breathe sounds
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Kussmaul respirations
are short high pitched sounds made on expiratory
used to describe bronchial or bronchovesicular sounds heard i…
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Kussmaul respirations
TYPES OF APHASIA MEDICAL SURGERY
Brocca's aphasia
Vernicke's aphasia
Global aphasia
Receptive aphasia
Bro ca area located in front in motor speech area so you can…
Cannot comprehend, but can speak
This is the most severe type of aphasia. It is often seen rig…
neurologic impairment of the ability to understand spoken and…
Brocca's aphasia
Bro ca area located in front in motor speech area so you can…
Vernicke's aphasia
Cannot comprehend, but can speak
60 terms
Medical Terminology- Surgery
Surgical Technologists (ST)
CST
cic/o
sect/o
member of surgical team assisting Physicians and with prep of…
CERTIFIED SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST
to cut
to cut
Surgical Technologists (ST)
member of surgical team assisting Physicians and with prep of…
CST
CERTIFIED SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST
10 terms
2-4 Introduction to Podiatric Surgery: Peri-operative Medical Evaluation
Airway "Red Flags"
Breathing "Red Flags"
Circulation "Red Flags"
Digestive system "Red Flags"
-Active URI (cancel elective case, secretions make airway irr…
-Symptoms: Dyspnea, SOB... -Signs: râles (pneumonia, CHF), rhonc…
-Symptoms: unstable or severe angina, heart failure, arrhythm…
-Not NPO (full stomach, aspiration risk)... -GERD (gastro - esop…
Airway "Red Flags"
-Active URI (cancel elective case, secretions make airway irr…
Breathing "Red Flags"
-Symptoms: Dyspnea, SOB... -Signs: râles (pneumonia, CHF), rhonc…
40 terms
Surgery, Lab and Medical Tests
angiography
angioplasty
balloon angioplasty
anticoagulant
the process of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of bloo…
surgical repair or percutaneous reconstruction of a blood ves…
insertion of a balloon to dilate a vessel
any substance that removes or prevents blood clotting
angiography
the process of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of bloo…
angioplasty
surgical repair or percutaneous reconstruction of a blood ves…
Medical Surgery Exam 1
3 Phases of Surgery
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
Characteristics of calcium excess
Normal Calcium level
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
hypertension, EKG changes, muscle/ joint pain, nausea, thirst…
8.5 - 10.2 mEq/L
3 Phases of Surgery
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
HUNGTINGTON DISEASE MEDICAL SURGERY
What is Huntington Disease
As the disease progresses the patient…
facts about Huntington's disease
symptoms of HD
Is a degenerative deisease disease, the basal ganglia respons…
Affects mood and emotion, changes in sexual behavior this cha…
facts... Huntington's disease, also known as Huntington's chorea…
clumpsiness... memory loss
What is Huntington Disease
Is a degenerative deisease disease, the basal ganglia respons…
As the disease progresses the patient…
Affects mood and emotion, changes in sexual behavior this cha…
10 terms
Medical Terminology: Suffixes for Surgery
-centesis
-desis
-ectomy
-pexy
Puncture, tap
Binding, fusion
Excision, surgical removal
Surgical fixation
-centesis
Puncture, tap
-desis
Binding, fusion
44 terms
Trauma Surgery (Surgery Exam 2)
Objectives
Intro to Trauma
History of Trauma Care
Modern Trauma Care
1. Describe the components of the primary survey "ABC"s... 2. Id…
7th leading cause of death globally; leading cause of... death…
Edwin Smith Papyrus is an Egyptian medical text from... 1600 B.…
Trauma care advanced over last century, mostly... through manag…
Objectives
1. Describe the components of the primary survey "ABC"s... 2. Id…
Intro to Trauma
7th leading cause of death globally; leading cause of... death…
10 terms
Medical terminology Suffixes surgery
-centesis
-cid
-clasis
-ectomy
Surgical punture
Kill
To break down, refracture 골절
Excision, removal 적출
-centesis
Surgical punture
-cid
Kill
1,439 terms
surgery 2
Internal urethral sphincter:
External urethral sphincter:
GU pain
Renal pain
Detrusor muscle thickening. Smooth muscle under involuntary c…
Where the urethra passes through the pelvic floor. Skeletal m…
may be quite severe usually associated with obstruction or in…
caused by acute distention of the renal capsule ... back and can…
Internal urethral sphincter:
Detrusor muscle thickening. Smooth muscle under involuntary c…
External urethral sphincter:
Where the urethra passes through the pelvic floor. Skeletal m…
10 terms
Medical terms #3 (surgery)
Cardiovascular (CV)
Colon and rectum
Cosmetic, reconstructive and plastic
General
Surgical repair and correction of cardiovascular disfunctions
Surgical repair and correction of colon and rectal disfunctions
Surgical repair, reconstruction, revision, or change of the t…
Surgical repair and correction of various parts or organs
Cardiovascular (CV)
Surgical repair and correction of cardiovascular disfunctions
Colon and rectum
Surgical repair and correction of colon and rectal disfunctions
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