Study sets matching "med surg cardiac med surg"

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Study sets matching "med surg cardiac med surg"

153 terms
Medical Surgery
Why do patients get blood products?
List the two main functions of transfu…
What is whole blood given for and how…
PRBC's ... 1. what must you do first?... 2.…
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
-for shock, low blood volume, low Hgb, low Hct, hemorrhage... -5…
1. must be typed and cross matched... 2. Rh neg. gets Rh neg. ... 3…
Why do patients get blood products?
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
List the two main functions of transfu…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
158 terms
Medical Surgery
Why do patients get blood products?
List the two main functions of transfu…
What is whole blood given for and how…
PRBC's ... 1. what must you do first?... 2.…
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
-for shock, low blood volume, low Hgb, low Hct, hemorrhage... -5…
1. must be typed and cross matched... 2. Rh neg. gets Rh neg. ... 3…
Why do patients get blood products?
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
List the two main functions of transfu…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
Medical Surgery
Dehiscence
Evisceration
Eschar
Granulation tissue
Partial or complete separation of wound
The rupturing of a wound
Hard, dry, leathery dead tissue
New tissue that grows and fills a wound
Dehiscence
Partial or complete separation of wound
Evisceration
The rupturing of a wound
52 terms
Surgery Medications
Balanced Anesthesia
Categories of anesthetics
Inhalation anesthetics
Inhalation: Gaseous
Using a variety of anesthetics because no one agent is ideal.…
1) Inhalation: gaseous, volatile ... 2) IV: hypnotics, narcotics…
Administered through respiratory tract. Dosage controlled by…
Classification: gaseous general anesthetic... Prototype: nitrous…
Balanced Anesthesia
Using a variety of anesthetics because no one agent is ideal.…
Categories of anesthetics
1) Inhalation: gaseous, volatile ... 2) IV: hypnotics, narcotics…
153 terms
Medical Surgery
Why do patients get blood products?
List the two main functions of transfu…
What is whole blood given for and how…
PRBC's ... 1. what must you do first?... 2.…
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
-for shock, low blood volume, low Hgb, low Hct, hemorrhage... -5…
1. must be typed and cross matched... 2. Rh neg. gets Rh neg. ... 3…
Why do patients get blood products?
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
List the two main functions of transfu…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
158 terms
Medical Surgery
Why do patients get blood products?
List the two main functions of transfu…
What is whole blood given for and how…
PRBC's ... 1. what must you do first?... 2.…
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
-for shock, low blood volume, low Hgb, low Hct, hemorrhage... -5…
1. must be typed and cross matched... 2. Rh neg. gets Rh neg. ... 3…
Why do patients get blood products?
1. anemic w/ a hgb < 8-10... 2. increase their blood volume... 3. t…
List the two main functions of transfu…
1. increase O2 carrying capacity of the blood... 2. reverse tiss…
38 terms
medical surgery
what is the appropiate order of steps…
what is the name of the fluis=d with h…
which statemnt are true wih regard to…
the medical assistant is changing a st…
Sanitize hands and ensure that they are completely dry.... Check…
exudate
surgidac is a polyester fiber suture the material... surgical gu…
before applying the new dressing
what is the appropiate order of steps…
Sanitize hands and ensure that they are completely dry.... Check…
what is the name of the fluis=d with h…
exudate
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
119 terms
Surgery Medical Terminology
cleisis
desis
ectomy
lysis
closure, occlusion
fusion
surgical excision of
freeing of, reduction of
cleisis
closure, occlusion
desis
fusion
31 terms
Medical Surgery - CHAPTER 7
0.9 Normal Saline (NaCl) is an example…
Provides more water than electrolytes…
Contains protein or starch (which does…
Requires frequent monitoring of BP, lu…
An Isotonic Solution
Hypotonic Solution
Colloidal Solution (Plasma Expanders)
Hypertonic Solution
0.9 Normal Saline (NaCl) is an example…
An Isotonic Solution
Provides more water than electrolytes…
Hypotonic Solution
Surgery Medical Terminology
aphth/o
aponeur/o
-ar
atreto-
ulcer
type of tendon
pertaining to
closed, lacking an opening
aphth/o
ulcer
aponeur/o
type of tendon
5 terms
Medical-surgery
gastritis
colon rectal cancer
diverticulitis
irritable bowel syndrome
...
...
...
...
gastritis
...
colon rectal cancer
...
38 terms
Medical Surgery Test 3
Patients fear of death
Ambulatory Center day of surgery
Genitourinary System Review prior to s…
Non Drug Allergies
can be extremely detrimental. Attitude and emotional state in…
explain to the patient events such as patient registration, p…
Consider women of childbearing age, you need to determine if…
specifically food and environmental allergies such as latex.…
Patients fear of death
can be extremely detrimental. Attitude and emotional state in…
Ambulatory Center day of surgery
explain to the patient events such as patient registration, p…
Medical Surgery Exam 1
3 Phases of Surgery
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
Characteristics of calcium excess
Normal Calcium level
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
hypertension, EKG changes, muscle/ joint pain, nausea, thirst…
8.5 - 10.6
3 Phases of Surgery
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
Medical Surgery Exam 1
3 Phases of Surgery
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
Characteristics of calcium excess
Normal Calcium level
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
hypertension, EKG changes, muscle/ joint pain, nausea, thirst…
8.5 - 10.6
3 Phases of Surgery
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
93 terms
Medical Surgery Final Exam
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Wheezing
Abnormal Breathe sounds
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Kussmaul respirations
are short high pitched sounds made on expiratory
used to describe bronchial or bronchovesicular sounds heard i…
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Kussmaul respirations
125 terms
Surgery (Medical Kiswahili)
kupasua
kukata
kupasuliwa
kupasulia
to operate
to operate
to be operated on
to operate (prepositional form)
kupasua
to operate
kukata
to operate
46 terms
Medical Therapeutics Surgery Test
Major surgery
Minor surgery
Elective surgery
Diagnostic surgery
Involves extensive reconstruction or alterations
Involves minimal alteration in body parts
Performed on basis of clients choice
Surgical exploration that allows physician to confirm diagnosis
Major surgery
Involves extensive reconstruction or alterations
Minor surgery
Involves minimal alteration in body parts
Medical Surgery Asepsis
Hand Hygiene
Sources of contamination
Aerobic bacteria
Opening a sterile pack
Number one way of preventing the spread of diseases.
long hair... artificial nails... nail polish
Requires oxygen to survive
1) Open the sterile pack away from you... 2) Open the pack on a…
Hand Hygiene
Number one way of preventing the spread of diseases.
Sources of contamination
long hair... artificial nails... nail polish
27 terms
Medical surgery and infection control
Best way to prevent spreading of disease
Reasons for contamination
Difference between aerobic and anaerob…
Steps in opening a sterile pack
hand hygiene
long fingernails, nail polish, long hair, artificial nails
aerobic requires oxygen to live and anaerobic does not
use non-sterile gloves, place on mayo stand, open away from you
Best way to prevent spreading of disease
hand hygiene
Reasons for contamination
long fingernails, nail polish, long hair, artificial nails
INTRACRANEAL PRESSURE MEDICAL SURGERY
what causes intracranial pressure
what is intracranial pressure
what are the symptoms
treatment of ICP
hemorrhages... sub-dural hematomas... stroke... traumatic brain injury
is t he overall pressure inside the skull, the normal range i…
-changes in LOC... -vomiting
-mannitol... -lasix... -dexametasone... -sedative/analgesics... -stool so…
what causes intracranial pressure
hemorrhages... sub-dural hematomas... stroke... traumatic brain injury
what is intracranial pressure
is t he overall pressure inside the skull, the normal range i…
Medications that affect surgery
Antibiotics
Anticholinergics
Anticoagulants
Acetylsalicylic acid and NSAIDs
Potentiate action of anesthetic agents
Increase potential for confusion
Increase risk for hemorrhage ... Stop taking at least 48 hours…
Increase risk for hemorrhage... Stop taking at least 48 hours b…
Antibiotics
Potentiate action of anesthetic agents
Anticholinergics
Increase potential for confusion
119 terms
Surgery Medical Terminology
cleisis
desis
ectomy
lysis
closure, occlusion
fusion
surgical excision of
freeing of, reduction of
cleisis
closure, occlusion
desis
fusion
Medical Surgery Exam 1
3 Phases of Surgery
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
Characteristics of calcium excess
Normal Calcium level
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
hypertension, EKG changes, muscle/ joint pain, nausea, thirst…
8.5 - 10.6
3 Phases of Surgery
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
119 terms
Surgery Medical Terminology
cleisis
desis
ectomy
lysis
closure, occlusion
fusion
surgical excision of
freeing of, reduction of
cleisis
closure, occlusion
desis
fusion
97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Medical Terminology- Surgery
Surgical Technologists (ST)
CST
cic/o
sect/o
member of surgical team assisting Physicians and with prep of…
CERTIFIED SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST
to cut
to cut
Surgical Technologists (ST)
member of surgical team assisting Physicians and with prep of…
CST
CERTIFIED SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST
20 terms
Medical Surgery 2!!
Sodium
Potassium
Chloride
Calcium
135-145
3.5-5
97-107
8.6-10.2
Sodium
135-145
Potassium
3.5-5
14 terms
Medical surgery chapter one
Use two ways to identify patients
Provide standards to guide the role of…
The five rights are
Qualities a skills needed by LPN/LVNs…
Identify patients correctly;
National federation of licensed practical nurse
1. Right task ... 2. Right circumstances ... 3. Right person... 4. Rig…
1. Clinical practice standards ... 2. Provide using safe patient…
Use two ways to identify patients
Identify patients correctly;
Provide standards to guide the role of…
National federation of licensed practical nurse
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
97 terms
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Medical Surgery Final Exam
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Wheezing
Abnormal Breathe sounds
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Kussmaul respirations
are short high pitched sounds made on expiratory
used to describe bronchial or bronchovesicular sounds heard i…
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Kussmaul respirations
93 terms
Medical Surgery Final Exam
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Wheezing
Abnormal Breathe sounds
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Kussmaul respirations
are short high pitched sounds made on expiratory
used to describe bronchial or bronchovesicular sounds heard i…
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Kussmaul respirations
93 terms
Medical Surgery Final Exam
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Wheezing
Abnormal Breathe sounds
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Kussmaul respirations
are short high pitched sounds made on expiratory
used to describe bronchial or bronchovesicular sounds heard i…
Thoracentesis What Position you going…
Upright leaning over table to increase lung expansion
Metabolic Acidosis Respirations
Kussmaul respirations
Medical- Surgery Exam 2.
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
Type 1 DM Onset/ etiology
Type 2 DM Onset/etiology
absent or minimal insulin production
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
Young children, under 20/ autoimmune
Overweight, adulthood
Type 1 Diabetes Primary Defect
absent or minimal insulin production
Type 2 DM Primary Defect
insulin resistance, decreased insulin production over time
60 terms
Medical Terminology- Surgery
Surgical Technologists (ST)
CST
cic/o
sect/o
member of surgical team assisting Physicians and with prep of…
CERTIFIED SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST
to cut
to cut
Surgical Technologists (ST)
member of surgical team assisting Physicians and with prep of…
CST
CERTIFIED SURGICAL TECHNOLOGIST
HUNGTINGTON DISEASE MEDICAL SURGERY
What is Huntington Disease
As the disease progresses the patient…
facts about Huntington's disease
symptoms of HD
Is a degenerative deisease disease, the basal ganglia respons…
Affects mood and emotion, changes in sexual behavior this cha…
facts... Huntington's disease, also known as Huntington's chorea…
clumpsiness... memory loss
What is Huntington Disease
Is a degenerative deisease disease, the basal ganglia respons…
As the disease progresses the patient…
Affects mood and emotion, changes in sexual behavior this cha…
Medical Surgery Exam 1
3 Phases of Surgery
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
Characteristics of calcium excess
Normal Calcium level
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
hypertension, EKG changes, muscle/ joint pain, nausea, thirst…
8.5 - 10.2 mEq/L
3 Phases of Surgery
Preoperative, post operative, intraoperative
Characteristics of calcium deficiency
muscle cramps, hypotension, decreased Cardiac output, neuro c…
TYPES OF APHASIA MEDICAL SURGERY
Brocca's aphasia
Vernicke's aphasia
Global aphasia
Receptive aphasia
Bro ca area located in front in motor speech area so you can…
Cannot comprehend, but can speak
This is the most severe type of aphasia. It is often seen rig…
neurologic impairment of the ability to understand spoken and…
Brocca's aphasia
Bro ca area located in front in motor speech area so you can…
Vernicke's aphasia
Cannot comprehend, but can speak
40 terms
Surgery, Lab and Medical Tests
angiography
angioplasty
balloon angioplasty
anticoagulant
the process of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of bloo…
surgical repair or percutaneous reconstruction of a blood ves…
insertion of a balloon to dilate a vessel
any substance that removes or prevents blood clotting
angiography
the process of producing a radiographic (x-ray) study of bloo…
angioplasty
surgical repair or percutaneous reconstruction of a blood ves…
41 terms
Surgery Final: Cardiac Surgery
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
Valvular Heart Disease (VHD)
-Cardiac Arrhythmias
Which coronary artery is the "widow ma…
-Poor 'plumbing'... - Atherosclerotic occlusive lesions of the…
-Poor valves
Poor 'electricity'
Left anterior descending (LAD)
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
-Poor 'plumbing'... - Atherosclerotic occlusive lesions of the…
Valvular Heart Disease (VHD)
-Poor valves
75 terms
Medical Surgery (8282015)
What is adventitious?
What are alveoli?
What is an antihistaminic?
What is an antipyretic?
Acquired/arising sporadically.
Small cavities in which oxygen is removed from the air delive…
Drug used to treat acute allergic reactions.
Drug used to reduce fever.
What is adventitious?
Acquired/arising sporadically.
What are alveoli?
Small cavities in which oxygen is removed from the air delive…
21 terms
surgery medication orders
vancomycin IV dosing
zosyn generic name
zosyn IV dosing
clindamycin PO dosing
500 mg q6h
piperacillin-tazobactam
4.5 g q6h
150 mg q6h
vancomycin IV dosing
500 mg q6h
zosyn generic name
piperacillin-tazobactam
Medical Terminology: Surgery Suffixes
centesis
clasis
desis
ectomy, pheresis
a puncture to aspirate or withdraw fluid
breaking
binding
removal
centesis
a puncture to aspirate or withdraw fluid
clasis
breaking
10 terms
Medical Terminology: Suffixes for Surgery
-centesis
-desis
-ectomy
-pexy
Puncture, tap
Binding, fusion
Excision, surgical removal
Surgical fixation
-centesis
Puncture, tap
-desis
Binding, fusion
4. Medical Conditions and Surgeries
CAD (Coronary Artery Disease)
DM (Diabetes Mellitus)
MI (Mycoardial Infarction)
CVA (Cerebrovascular Accident)
heart disease
condition in which person has an abnormally high level of glu…
heart attack
stroke
CAD (Coronary Artery Disease)
heart disease
DM (Diabetes Mellitus)
condition in which person has an abnormally high level of glu…
34 terms
Surgery Final: Cardiac Surgery
The classifications of Heart Disease:
Which coronary artery is the "widow ma…
What are the tests to w/u a patient fo…
Diagnoses increased calcium deposits i…
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)... -Poor 'plumbing'... Valvular Hear…
Left anterior descending
Cardiac Enzymes ... (Troponin I and T, CK-MB)... ECG ... ECHO... Exerc…
CT-Angiogram
The classifications of Heart Disease:
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)... -Poor 'plumbing'... Valvular Hear…
Which coronary artery is the "widow ma…
Left anterior descending
10 terms
Medical terms #3 (surgery)
Cardiovascular (CV)
Colon and rectum
Cosmetic, reconstructive and plastic
General
Surgical repair and correction of cardiovascular disfunctions
Surgical repair and correction of colon and rectal disfunctions
Surgical repair, reconstruction, revision, or change of the t…
Surgical repair and correction of various parts or organs
Cardiovascular (CV)
Surgical repair and correction of cardiovascular disfunctions
Colon and rectum
Surgical repair and correction of colon and rectal disfunctions
10 terms
medical specialties / study of / surgery
dermatologist
pathology
urologist
orthopedic surgery
skin specialist
study of disease
urinary tract specialist
surgery of musculoskeletal conditions
dermatologist
skin specialist
pathology
study of disease
29 terms
Medications Used in Ophthalmic Surgery
phenylephrine HCl... Neo-Synephrine
tropicamide... Mydriacyl... cyclopentolate…
pilocarpine HCl... Pilocar
acetylcholine HCl... Miochol
Mydriatics: Pupil dilation by paralyzing the iris sphincter—d…
Cycloplegics: Pupil dilation with inability to focus... *Catarac…
Miotics: Pupil constriction... *Cataract extraction—assists in h…
Pupil constriction:... *Cataract extraction—assists in holding t…
phenylephrine HCl... Neo-Synephrine
Mydriatics: Pupil dilation by paralyzing the iris sphincter—d…
tropicamide... Mydriacyl... cyclopentolate…
Cycloplegics: Pupil dilation with inability to focus... *Catarac…
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