Study sets matching "med surg fluids electrolytes"

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Study sets matching "med surg fluids electrolytes"

40 terms
Fluids & Electrolytes (Surgery)
Total Body Water... (total volume of wate…
Body Fluid Compartments
hypovolemic vs dehydration
Osmolality
WOMEN:... Total Body Water (TBW) = 0.5 x Body Weight (kg)... MEN:…
Water passes freely & rapidly between all these... compartments…
hypovolemic (low intravascular)... dehydration (low intracellular)
TOTAL # OF SOLUTES w/in SOLUTION... EXAMPLE:... • 1 mol GLUCOSE =…
Total Body Water... (total volume of wate…
WOMEN:... Total Body Water (TBW) = 0.5 x Body Weight (kg)... MEN:…
Body Fluid Compartments
Water passes freely & rapidly between all these... compartments…
127 terms
Surgery - Fluids, Electrolytes, & Osmolality
% total body water - influenced by what?
have higher water content
2/3 TBW
1/3 TBW
age & lean body mass
muscles & solid organs
intracellular
extracellular (intravascular, interstitial)
% total body water - influenced by what?
age & lean body mass
have higher water content
muscles & solid organs
129 terms
Surgery - Fluids, Electrolytes, & Osmolality
% total body water - influenced by what?
have higher water content
2/3 TBW
1/3 TBW
age & lean body mass
muscles & solid organs
intracellular
extracellular (intravascular, interstitial)
% total body water - influenced by what?
age & lean body mass
have higher water content
muscles & solid organs
65 terms
Surgery: Fluids, Electrolytes
3 for 1 rule
Potassium function
Digoxin
Lactated Ringers
3-4 times the vascular deficit should be administered if *i…
- PRINCIPLE ELECTROLYTE OF... 1. INTRACELLULAR FLUID, ... 2. NERVE…
- aka Lanoxin. ... - A.FIB tx: Slows the heart rate, restore nor…
1. Isotonic (272 mOsm/L) crystaloid solution composed of ster…
3 for 1 rule
3-4 times the vascular deficit should be administered if *i…
Potassium function
- PRINCIPLE ELECTROLYTE OF... 1. INTRACELLULAR FLUID, ... 2. NERVE…
37 terms
Surgery- Fluids and Electrolytes
30-yr old male S/P MVC presents with m…
When is aggressive treatment for hypon…
What is the appropriate emergent treat…
What is the rate of correction for hyp…
Hyponatremia;... cerebral edema
Acute (<48hrs) symptomatic hyponatremia when Na is less than…
Furosemide in conjunction with normal saline or rarely, hyper…
Less than 2.5 meq/l/hr or no greater than 20 meq/l/day
30-yr old male S/P MVC presents with m…
Hyponatremia;... cerebral edema
When is aggressive treatment for hypon…
Acute (<48hrs) symptomatic hyponatremia when Na is less than…
Surgery: Fluids and Electrolytes
List the percentages of total body wat…
total body water of a premature infant…
Thirst regulated by?
Hypervolemia seen in?
TBW: 60% of body weight... ICF: 40%... ECF: 20%
Premie: 90% water... Full term: 80%
Hypothalamus ... Note: already 10% dehydrated when thirsty
Fluid overload... End stage renal pts ... CHF pts
List the percentages of total body wat…
TBW: 60% of body weight... ICF: 40%... ECF: 20%
total body water of a premature infant…
Premie: 90% water... Full term: 80%
41 terms
Fluids & electrolytes in surgery
Surgical causes of metabolic acidosis:
Surgical causes of hypokalemic hypochl…
Surgical causes of metabolic alkalosis:
Surgical causes of respiratory acidosis:
Loss of bicarb:... -Diarrhea... -Ileus... -Fistula... -High output ileost…
-NGT suction... -Vomiting... -Loss of gastric fluid
-NGT suction... -Vomiting... -Diuretics... -Mineralcorticiod excess
-Hypoventilation... -Drugs (morphine)... -PTX... -Pleural effusion... -Ai…
Surgical causes of metabolic acidosis:
Loss of bicarb:... -Diarrhea... -Ileus... -Fistula... -High output ileost…
Surgical causes of hypokalemic hypochl…
-NGT suction... -Vomiting... -Loss of gastric fluid
Fluids/Electrolytes Surgery
What is total body water?
Obesity ______ the % of TBW to body we…
Lean muscle _______ % of TBW to body w…
What is intracellular total body water?
40-60% of total body weight (TBW)... varies between ages, sex
Decreases
Increases
ICF = 2/3 TBW
What is total body water?
40-60% of total body weight (TBW)... varies between ages, sex
Obesity ______ the % of TBW to body we…
Decreases
39 terms
Surgery Final- Fluids and Electrolytes
How often should you visualize and doc…
What labs should be run on your patien…
What can cause a suture to be inadequa…
"Bigger Bite"
every day
BMP and CBC
too few stitches too close to the edge of fascia
increasing the distance between the edge of the fascia/wound…
How often should you visualize and doc…
every day
What labs should be run on your patien…
BMP and CBC
117 terms
Surgery Fluids and Electrolytes
Explain what total body water is (TBW).
In a healthy male, 2/3 of the TBW is l…
Describe the intracellular fluid compa…
Describe the extracellular fluid compa…
- TBW is directly proportional to muscle mass, which is about…
- The ECF may equal or even exceed the intracellular fluid as…
- Located inside the plasma membrane... - In osmotic equilibrium…
- Fluid outside the cells... - Split into interstitial and intra…
Explain what total body water is (TBW).
- TBW is directly proportional to muscle mass, which is about…
In a healthy male, 2/3 of the TBW is l…
- The ECF may equal or even exceed the intracellular fluid as…
INTRO TO SURGERY - FLUIDS and ELECTROLYTES
How much of TOTAL BODY WEIGHT is made…
True or False: Obese individuals will…
At what age will a person have the hig…
True or False: The majority of water i…
- 50-70%... - varies with factors such as age
- FALSE... - obesity decreases the percentage of body weight m…
- NEWBORNS... - the percentage of total body water has a patte…
- FALSE... - the majority of water is stored as INTRACELLULAR
How much of TOTAL BODY WEIGHT is made…
- 50-70%... - varies with factors such as age
True or False: Obese individuals will…
- FALSE... - obesity decreases the percentage of body weight m…
43 terms
Surgery Recall - Fluids and Electrolytes
what are the 2 major body fluid compar…
what are the two subcompartmetns of th…
what percentage of body weight is in f…
what percentage of body fluid is intra…
intracellular... extracellular
interstitial fluid... intravascular fluid
60%
66%
what are the 2 major body fluid compar…
intracellular... extracellular
what are the two subcompartmetns of th…
interstitial fluid... intravascular fluid
227 terms
Surgery- fluids and electrolytes
2 major fluid compartments
what are the 2 compartments of extrace…
what are the sources of normal daily w…
physiologic response to hypovolemia
intracellular (2/3)... extracellular (1/3)
interstitial fluid --in between cells... intravascular fluid--pl…
urine... sweat... respiratory losses... feces
sodium/water retention via renin-->aldosterone, water retenti…
2 major fluid compartments
intracellular (2/3)... extracellular (1/3)
what are the 2 compartments of extrace…
interstitial fluid --in between cells... intravascular fluid--pl…
13 terms
General Surgery Fluids and electrolytes
Normal Saline Composition
Lactated Ringers
D5 1/2NS
Hypotonic
Isotonic, Na+ 154, Cl- 154
Isotonic, Na+ 130, Cl- 109, K+ 4, Ca++ 1.5, Mg++ 0, Lactate 28
Hypotonic, Na+ 77, Cl- 77
Less Solutes, more water, fluid travels into the cell
Normal Saline Composition
Isotonic, Na+ 154, Cl- 154
Lactated Ringers
Isotonic, Na+ 130, Cl- 109, K+ 4, Ca++ 1.5, Mg++ 0, Lactate 28
Surgery - Fluids & Electrolytes & Nutrition
Total body water is what % of total bo…
decreases the percent of total body wa…
increases the percent total body water…
Intracellular fluid is ___ of TBW
40-60%... varies with age and gender
Obesity
Lean Muscle
2/3 (in the cells)
Total body water is what % of total bo…
40-60%... varies with age and gender
decreases the percent of total body wa…
Obesity
16 terms
FA Surgery: Fluids and Electrolytes
Total Body Water
Intracellular Fluid
Extracellular Fluid
Plasma Osmolality
~50-70% of total body weight, greater in lean individuals bec…
Mostly in skeletal muscle mass, thus slightly lower in female…
Made up of plasma and interstitial (extravascular) fluid, cap…
Normal is 285-295 mmol/L, can be calculated by:... 2[Na+] + gluc…
Total Body Water
~50-70% of total body weight, greater in lean individuals bec…
Intracellular Fluid
Mostly in skeletal muscle mass, thus slightly lower in female…
40 terms
Surgery Recall - Fluids and Electrolytes
what percentage of body weight is in f…
what can body fluid distraction by wei…
on average, what *percentage of body w…
how many liters of blood are in a 70kg…
60%
"TIE"... Total body fluid = 60% of BW... Intracellular = 40% body w…
7%
.07 x 70 = 5 L
what percentage of body weight is in f…
60%
what can body fluid distraction by wei…
"TIE"... Total body fluid = 60% of BW... Intracellular = 40% body w…
93 terms
Surgery: Fluid, Electrolytes
What percent of the body is made of wa…
What affects total body water (TBW)?
When is TBW the lowest?
When is TBW the highest?
40-60%
Age... Sex... Lean body mass
Elderly... Obese
Lean... Young
What percent of the body is made of wa…
40-60%
What affects total body water (TBW)?
Age... Sex... Lean body mass
Fluid/electrolytes (Surgery)
What 2 components comprise extracellul…
What 2 components comprise Intracellul…
What is "third space" ?
How many liters of water are in our bod?
Plasma ... Interstitial fluid (ISF)
RBC fluid... Other cellular fluid
-area that does not normally collect fluid... -Pleural space, pe…
42L
What 2 components comprise extracellul…
Plasma ... Interstitial fluid (ISF)
What 2 components comprise Intracellul…
RBC fluid... Other cellular fluid
116 terms
Fluids & Electrolytes--Surgery Exam 1
Total body water is _______% of body w…
In which patient would total body wate…
Intracellular space contains ______ of…
Extracellular space contains _____ of…
45-75%
b) Lean and young
b) 2/3
a) 1/3
Total body water is _______% of body w…
45-75%
In which patient would total body wate…
b) Lean and young
109 terms
Surgery: Fluid and Electrolyte management
Which has higher water content, muscle…
What is the percent of total body wate…
What fraction of total body water is i…
What % of body weight is total body wa…
muscle and solid organs
age and lean body mass
1) 2/3 of TBW... 2) 1/3 of TBW
1) 60%... 2) 50%
Which has higher water content, muscle…
muscle and solid organs
What is the percent of total body wate…
age and lean body mass
31 terms
Surgery 12 - Fluids and Electrolytes (p35-36)
Surgical causes of Metabolic Acidosis
Surgical causes of - Hypokalemic hypoc…
Surgical causes of Metabolic Alkalosis
Surgical causes of Respiratory acidosis
Loss of bicarb: diarrhea, ileus, fistula, high-output ileos…
- NGT suction, vomiting... - Loss of gastric fluid --> loss…
- NGT suction... - vomiting... - diuretics... - mineralcorticoid ex…
- Hypoventilation... - drugs (morphine)... - PTX... - pleural effus…
Surgical causes of Metabolic Acidosis
Loss of bicarb: diarrhea, ileus, fistula, high-output ileos…
Surgical causes of - Hypokalemic hypoc…
- NGT suction, vomiting... - Loss of gastric fluid --> loss…
Block 7 Surgery - Fluids/Electrolytes
Under ideal body weight, what are TBW,…
Of the 5L average which make up blood…
TBW of a: ... Preterm neonate... Term neonat…
ECF is what in ideal body weight?... ECF…
Of body weight:... 60%... 40%... 20%
3L, 2L
90%... 80%... 60%
20%.... 75% Interstitial fluid and 25% Plasma fluid (4:1)
Under ideal body weight, what are TBW,…
Of body weight:... 60%... 40%... 20%
Of the 5L average which make up blood…
3L, 2L
Surgery 12 - Fluids and Electrolytes (p35-36)
Surgical causes of Metabolic Acidosis
Surgical causes of - Hypokalemic hypoc…
Surgical causes of Metabolic Alkalosis
Surgical causes of Respiratory acidosis
Loss of bicarb: diarrhea, ileus, fistula, high-output ileos…
- NGT suction, vomiting... - Loss of gastric fluid --> loss…
- NGT suction... - vomiting... - diuretics... - mineralcorticoid ex…
- Hypoventilation... - drugs (morphine)... - PTX... - pleural effus…
Surgical causes of Metabolic Acidosis
Loss of bicarb: diarrhea, ileus, fistula, high-output ileos…
Surgical causes of - Hypokalemic hypoc…
- NGT suction, vomiting... - Loss of gastric fluid --> loss…
105 terms
Fluid and Electrolytes for Medical Surgical Nursing
Acidosis
metabolic acidosis
Respiratory Acidosis
ascites
increase in H+ concentration (decreased blood pH)
low arterial pH due to reduced bicarbonate concentration
low arterial pH due to increased ... PCO 2
a type of edema in which fluid accumulates in the peritoneal…
Acidosis
increase in H+ concentration (decreased blood pH)
metabolic acidosis
low arterial pH due to reduced bicarbonate concentration
10 terms
Medications - fluid and electrolytes
Bismuth subsalicylate
Loperamide
Promethazine
Metoclopramide
Can have black stools (temporary and harmless).... Prevents H. p…
Decreases peristalsis.... Can cause drowsiness.... Discontinue if 4…
Dopamine anatagonist.... Antiemetic.... Induces sedation, respirato…
Prokinetic agents. ... Antiemetic enhances gastric emptying.... Ext…
Bismuth subsalicylate
Can have black stools (temporary and harmless).... Prevents H. p…
Loperamide
Decreases peristalsis.... Can cause drowsiness.... Discontinue if 4…
94 terms
fluids and electrolytes - medic copy
Intracellular fluid:
In a 175-lb man, intravascular fluid a…
Solutes are defined as:
Cations are electrolytes that have an…
is the water contained inside the cells.
8
the dissolved particles contained in a solvent.
positive, negative
Intracellular fluid:
is the water contained inside the cells.
In a 175-lb man, intravascular fluid a…
8
304 - Fluid/Electrolytes and Medication
Homeostasis
Function of Fluids
Water
Intracellular fluid compartment (ICF)
Body fluids travel between compartments, separated by semiper…
- Transport hormones, enzymes, blood cells... - Transport nutrie…
Universal solvent; greatest bulk of body fluid... Intra and Extr…
contains water inside the cells and account for 2/3 of total…
Homeostasis
Body fluids travel between compartments, separated by semiper…
Function of Fluids
- Transport hormones, enzymes, blood cells... - Transport nutrie…
94 terms
fluids and electrolytes - medic copy
Intracellular fluid:
In a 175-lb man, intravascular fluid a…
Solutes are defined as:
Cations are electrolytes that have an…
is the water contained inside the cells.
8
the dissolved particles contained in a solvent.
positive, negative
Intracellular fluid:
is the water contained inside the cells.
In a 175-lb man, intravascular fluid a…
8
301 - Fluid/Electrolytes and Medication
Homeostasis
Function of Fluids
Water
Intracellular fluid compartment (ICF)
Body fluids travel between compartments, separated by semiper…
- Transport hormones, enzymes, blood cells... - Transport nutrie…
Universal solvent; greatest bulk of body fluid... Intra and Extr…
contains water inside the cells and account for 2/3 of total…
Homeostasis
Body fluids travel between compartments, separated by semiper…
Function of Fluids
- Transport hormones, enzymes, blood cells... - Transport nutrie…
Surgery 12 - Fluids and Electrolytes (p35-36)
Surgical causes of Metabolic Acidosis
Surgical causes of - Hypokalemic hypoc…
Surgical causes of Metabolic Alkalosis
Surgical causes of Respiratory acidosis
Loss of bicarb: diarrhea, ileus, fistula, high-output ileos…
- NGT suction, vomiting... - Loss of gastric fluid --> loss…
- NGT suction... - vomiting... - diuretics... - mineralcorticoid ex…
- Hypoventilation... - drugs (morphine)... - PTX... - pleural effus…
Surgical causes of Metabolic Acidosis
Loss of bicarb: diarrhea, ileus, fistula, high-output ileos…
Surgical causes of - Hypokalemic hypoc…
- NGT suction, vomiting... - Loss of gastric fluid --> loss…
27 terms
Fluid and Electrolytes Medication Quiz
Furosemide (Lasix) ... Fluid Volume Excess
Spiranolactone (Aldactone) ... Fluid Vol…
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)... NSAIDS may…
Potassium Chloride (Klor-Con)... Nursing…
Classification: diuretic ... Purpose: inhibits the reabsorption…
Classification: diuretic ... Purpose:Management of primary hyper…
Classification: anti hypertensives, diuretic... Purpose: Managem…
Classification: mineral and electrolyte replacement/supplemen…
Furosemide (Lasix) ... Fluid Volume Excess
Classification: diuretic ... Purpose: inhibits the reabsorption…
Spiranolactone (Aldactone) ... Fluid Vol…
Classification: diuretic ... Purpose:Management of primary hyper…
75 terms
Surgery, Exam #1- IV Fluid Administration + Electrolytes
TBW comprises approx:
T/F TBW decreases with age and is lowe…
represents about 2/3 TBW or 40% of bod…
contains K+ and Phosphate
45-60% of body weight generally, but varies dependent on age…
TRUE
ICF
ICF
TBW comprises approx:
45-60% of body weight generally, but varies dependent on age…
T/F TBW decreases with age and is lowe…
TRUE
Fluid and Electrolytes Medications
Furosemide (Lasix)
spironolactone (Aldactone)
hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)
sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexala…
- Diuretic ... - Inhibits reabsorption of Na & Cl ... - dizziness,…
-Diuretic... - potassium-sparing diuretic (water pill) that prev…
-Diuretic + Antihypertensive... - increases excretion of water a…
- Hypokalemic, Electrolyte modifier... - exchanges sodium ions f…
Furosemide (Lasix)
- Diuretic ... - Inhibits reabsorption of Na & Cl ... - dizziness,…
spironolactone (Aldactone)
-Diuretic... - potassium-sparing diuretic (water pill) that prev…
Surgery Exam I (except fluids and electrolytes)
What is surgery
when was the term surgery introduced
what were the earliest attempts of sur…
What is the Babylonian medicine legacy…
- controlled trauma
approximately 1300 AD - during the linguistic period called M…
-minor: for alleviating nuisances ... - major: trephination. (50…
The code of Hammurabi
What is surgery
- controlled trauma
when was the term surgery introduced
approximately 1300 AD - during the linguistic period called M…
6 terms
Medications: Fluid & Electrolytes
Thiazide Diuretics... *HCTZ (Hydrochlorot…
Would you expect a thiazide diuretic t…
Loop Diuretics ... Lasix (Furosemide)
Thiazide & Loop Diuretics
- Most prescribed for for mild HTN & edema... - For patients wit…
NO
- Acts on Loop of Henle to excretion of Na and water and othe…
Digitalis Toxicity... - Hypokalemia enhances action of digoxin…
Thiazide Diuretics... *HCTZ (Hydrochlorot…
- Most prescribed for for mild HTN & edema... - For patients wit…
Would you expect a thiazide diuretic t…
NO
Medication Admin. And Fluid and Electrolytes
Chemical name
Generic Name
Trade Name
Classification
exact description of meds composition and molecular structure
manufacturer who 1st develops med gives it its generic or non…
brand name or proprietary name. name under which a manufactur…
indicates (desired) effect of medication on body system; symp…
Chemical name
exact description of meds composition and molecular structure
Generic Name
manufacturer who 1st develops med gives it its generic or non…
1/14 Surgery 2 - Fluids & Electrolytes
Water is about _____ of your total bod…
_____ decreases the % of total body wa…
_____ increases the % of total body wa…
Extracellular Body Water Volume is mad…
40 - 60%
Obestity.
Lean Muscle
25% plasma... 75% interstitial fluid
Water is about _____ of your total bod…
40 - 60%
_____ decreases the % of total body wa…
Obestity.
Fluid/Electrolyte Medications
Conivaptan (Vaprisol)
Tolvaptan (Samsca)
Kayexalate
IV regular insulin
blocks activity of ADH ... tx: hyponatremia... increased urine outp…
blocks activity of ADH... tx: hyponatremia associated w/ HF, liv…
binds K for Na and is excreted in feces; must have bowel func…
tx: hyperkalemia... must be administered with glucose
Conivaptan (Vaprisol)
blocks activity of ADH ... tx: hyponatremia... increased urine outp…
Tolvaptan (Samsca)
blocks activity of ADH... tx: hyponatremia associated w/ HF, liv…
31 terms
Fluid & Electrolyte Medications
What patients are most prescribed Thia…
What electrolytes are lost when taking…
What electrolytes are saved when takin…
How do Thiazide Diurectics work on the…
Mild HTN & edema... Normal renal fx
Sodium (Na+)... Potassium (K+)... Maganese (Mg+)
Calcium (Ca+)
-INCREASES excretion of Sodium & water and other electrolytes…
What patients are most prescribed Thia…
Mild HTN & edema... Normal renal fx
What electrolytes are lost when taking…
Sodium (Na+)... Potassium (K+)... Maganese (Mg+)
45 terms
Medical Surgical Nursing (fluid & electrolyte)
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
Active transport
Osmosis
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
Process of which molecules move against concentration gradien…
Movement of water between two compartments by a membrane perm…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Facilitated Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
Medications That Affect Fluid/Electrolytes
> DIURETICS
* Lasix (Furosemide) : Loop diuretic/p…
*Bumex (Bumetanide) : Loop diuretic/po…
* Aldactone (Spironolactone) : Aldoste…
ROUTE
Oral, IV
Oral, IV
Oral
> DIURETICS
ROUTE
* Lasix (Furosemide) : Loop diuretic/p…
Oral, IV
40 terms
Surgery: Fluid and Electrolyte Management of the Surgical Patient
60%
50%
newborns, with approximately 80%
adenosine triphosphate-driven sodium-p…
young adult male, TBW accounts for ?
young adult female,tbw?
The highest percentage... of TBW is found in?
The concentration gradient between compartments is... maintained…
60%
young adult male, TBW accounts for ?
50%
young adult female,tbw?
Surgery Lecture 3: fluids, electrolytes, a/b balance
Total body water makes up ______% of b…
_________ is extracellular and _______…
Intracellular compartment
Of the extracellular water, __________…
60
1/3, 2/3
30-40% of weight... 65% of total body water... Most is in skeletal…
2/3, 1/3
Total body water makes up ______% of b…
60
_________ is extracellular and _______…
1/3, 2/3
45 terms
Medical Surgical Nursing (fluid & electrolyte)
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
Active transport
Osmosis
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
Process of which molecules move against concentration gradien…
Movement of water between two compartments by a membrane perm…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Facilitated Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
12 terms
Q4 Surgery: Fluid & Electrolyte Keys
Na+ is highest in what body fluid?
K+ is highest in what body fluid?
K+ intracellular or extracellular?
Na+ & proteins: intracellular or extra…
plasma (extracellular)
colon
intracellular
extracellular
Na+ is highest in what body fluid?
plasma (extracellular)
K+ is highest in what body fluid?
colon
122 terms
3. First Aid for Surgery - Fluids, Electrolytes, Burns and Neurosurg
CNS manifestations of dehydration: mod…
GI manifestations of dehydration: mode…
CV manifestations of dehydration: mode…
Tissue manifestations of dehydration:…
Moderate: sleepiness, apathy, slow responses, anorexia... Severe…
Moderate: progressive decrease in food consumption... Severe: N/…
Moderate: orthostasis, tachycardia, collapsed veins... Severe: c…
Moderate: soft small tongue with longitudinal wrinkles, decre…
CNS manifestations of dehydration: mod…
Moderate: sleepiness, apathy, slow responses, anorexia... Severe…
GI manifestations of dehydration: mode…
Moderate: progressive decrease in food consumption... Severe: N/…
47 terms
Session 4 Surgery L9 Fluids & Electrolytes Part 2
orthostatic hypotension, or a decrease…
perioperative fluid loss:
bowel prep may result in up to how muc…
clinical evaluation of fluid replaceme…
6-8% body weight.... will be tachy and if not they may have aut…
1. # of hours NPO deficit x maintenance fluid requirements.…
1 liter
1. urine output: at least 1.0 ml/kg/hr.... 2. vital signs.... 3. PE…
orthostatic hypotension, or a decrease…
6-8% body weight.... will be tachy and if not they may have aut…
perioperative fluid loss:
1. # of hours NPO deficit x maintenance fluid requirements.…
Medical Surgical Nursing (fluid & electrolyte)
Diffusion
Facilitated Diffusion
Active transport
Osmosis
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
Process of which molecules move against concentration gradien…
Movement of water between two compartments by a membrane perm…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration. Require…
Facilitated Diffusion
Movement of molecules from high to low concentration without…
nurr 201 Fluid and electrolyte medications
Minerals/Electrolytes/pH Modifiers- Ex…
Minerals/Electrolytes/pH Modifiers- MOA
Minerals/Electrolytes/pH Modifiers- Uses
Minerals/Electrolytes/pH Modifiers- ni…
Alkalinizing agents... sodium bicarbonate (Baking Soda, Neut)... Ca…
These medications correct imbalances minerals and electrolyte…
Prevent and treat deficiencies or excesses of electrolytes.…
Calcium carbonate is a cost-effective calcium supplement that…
Minerals/Electrolytes/pH Modifiers- Ex…
Alkalinizing agents... sodium bicarbonate (Baking Soda, Neut)... Ca…
Minerals/Electrolytes/pH Modifiers- MOA
These medications correct imbalances minerals and electrolyte…
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