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Study sets matching "medical anatomy & physiology chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "medical anatomy & physiology chapter 2"

373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
53 terms
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY CHAPTER 2
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
PROTON
NEUTRON
ATOMIC NUMBER
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
UNCHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
NUMBER OF PROTONS IN NUCLEUS
ATOM'S NUCLEUS
CENTRAL CORE OF THE ATOM
PROTON
POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE IN NUCLEUS
477 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water (60-80%)
Solvent
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
High heat capacity (absorb or release heat w/o changing tempe…
usually water in which other substances can be dissolved or s…
Inorganic Compounds
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Organic Compounds
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
127 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons - Positive... Neutrons - Neutral/uncharged... Electrons - N…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest stable unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
30 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
loose ct reticular
dense ct regular
areolar
adipose
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
The Chemical Level of Organization
Energy
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Chemistry studies nature of matter... *Very important for unders…
Ability to do work
Stored energy
Energy in motion
The Chemical Level of Organization
Chemistry studies nature of matter... *Very important for unders…
Energy
Ability to do work
112 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Anatomical position
Prone position
Supine position
Trendelenburg
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
The patient is laying face upward on the back.
The head of the bed is lower than the patients feet. This pos…
Anatomical position
A human standing erect, face forward, with feet parallel and…
Prone position
The patient is laying face downward on the stomach.
133 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
solid, liquid, and gas
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
what are the three states of matter?
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
94 terms
Chapter 2: Anatomy & Physiology
respiration
inspriation
expiration
alveoli
the exchange of gas between an organism and its environment
breathing in
breathing out
small hallows or cavities in a structure
respiration
the exchange of gas between an organism and its environment
inspriation
breathing in
48 terms
Anatomy/Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
element
atom
the study of matter and how it changes
Anything that has mass and takes up space
A pure substance made of only one kind of atom
Smallest particle of an element
chemistry
the study of matter and how it changes
matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
54 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
organic molecules
inorganic molecules
water, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and ino…
water
contain carbon and hydrogen carbohydrates, proteins, lipids,…
generally do not contain carbon and hydrogen. Usually smaller…
inorganic substances
most abundant compound in living material. major component of…
organic molecules
contain carbon and hydrogen carbohydrates, proteins, lipids,…
inorganic molecules
generally do not contain carbon and hydrogen. Usually smaller…
361 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
201 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 2
Chemistry
Matter
Mass
Weight
Is the science of the structure and interactions of matter
Which is anything that occupies space and has mass
Mass is the amount of matter in any object which does not cha…
The force of gravity acting on matter does change
Chemistry
Is the science of the structure and interactions of matter
Matter
Which is anything that occupies space and has mass
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 2
Skeletal System
Periosteum
Compact Bone
Spongy Bone
the bones of the body
outside layer of the bone
thick hard second layer of bone
network of pores and tunnels in center of bone
Skeletal System
the bones of the body
Periosteum
outside layer of the bone
73 terms
Anatomy&Physiology Chapter 2
Chemistry
Why is chemistry essential for anatomy…
Matter
Elements
The branch of science that considers the composition of matte…
Body structures and functions result from chemical changes wi…
-Anything that has mass(weight) and takes up space... -Comes in…
Make up all matter
Chemistry
The branch of science that considers the composition of matte…
Why is chemistry essential for anatomy…
Body structures and functions result from chemical changes wi…
134 terms
Hole's Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2: Chemistry
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
27 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
areolar
adipose
dense regular
dense irregular
areolar
adipose
106 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Chapter 2
Matter
Mass
Atom
Subatomic Particles
Anything that takes up space and has mass
The amount of material in matter
Smallest stable unit of matter
Protons, neutrons, and electrons
Matter
Anything that takes up space and has mass
Mass
The amount of material in matter
130 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
solid, liquid, and gas
solids
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
what are the three states of matter?
have definite shape and volume
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
76 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
Element
What 4 elements make up 96% of all liv…
What is oxygen responsible for in an a…
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Any of 112 known substances that can not be separated into sm…
Oxygen, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen
Necessary for cellular energy
Matter
Anything that occupies space and has mass
Element
Any of 112 known substances that can not be separated into sm…
184 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy and Physiology
The part or organelle of the cell cons…
The building blocks of all living matt…
The thymus gland is located in the ___…
The umbilicus is located on the ______…
Mitochondria
Cells
Thoracic
Ventral
The part or organelle of the cell cons…
Mitochondria
The building blocks of all living matt…
Cells
68 terms
Anatomy & Physiology- Chapter 2
biochemistry
elements
compounds
bulk elements
field of life science that helps explain physiological proces…
fundamental substances that make up all matter
chemical combinations made up of two or more elements
elements that the body requires in large amounts
biochemistry
field of life science that helps explain physiological proces…
elements
fundamental substances that make up all matter
50 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy Physiology
electrons
ions
negative
positive
an ionic bond is formed when atoms gain or lose
an atom that has lost or gained electrons is called
an anion is an ion with a ___ charge
a cation is an ion with a ___ charge
electrons
an ionic bond is formed when atoms gain or lose
ions
an atom that has lost or gained electrons is called
31 terms
Anatomy & physiology Chapter 2
element
compound
atom
molecule
a substance composed of only one type of atom
is a chemical combination of two or more elements
is the fundamental unit of an element. It consists of the nuc…
is formed when two or more atoms are joined
element
a substance composed of only one type of atom
compound
is a chemical combination of two or more elements
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Functional protein.
Nucleotide
Monosaccharide
Polymer
2
4
1
3
Functional protein.
2
Nucleotide
4
95 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
States of matter:
Solid (describe)
Liquid (describe)
Anything that has mass and occupies space (with some exceptio…
1) Solid—definite shape and volume (i.e, bones, teeth)... 2) Liq…
definite shape and volume
definite volume, changeable shape
Matter
Anything that has mass and occupies space (with some exceptio…
States of matter:
1) Solid—definite shape and volume (i.e, bones, teeth)... 2) Liq…
55 terms
Anatomy & Physiology chapter 2
matter
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
- anything that occupies space and has mass
- capacity to do work or put matter into motion... > energy can…
- energy in action
- stored ( inactive ) energy
matter
- anything that occupies space and has mass
energy
- capacity to do work or put matter into motion... > energy can…
52 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Atoms
Subatomic particles
Protons
Neutrons
Smallest unit of matter the retain the properties of an eleme…
Protons, neutrons, electrons
Subatomic particle with a positive charge
Subatomic particle with a neutral charge
Atoms
Smallest unit of matter the retain the properties of an eleme…
Subatomic particles
Protons, neutrons, electrons
20 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
Elements
Atom
Atoms are composed of
anything that has weight and occupies space
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance
the smallest unit of an element
Protons (+), Electrons (-), and neuron (0)
Matter
anything that has weight and occupies space
Elements
a substance that cannot be broken down into a simpler substance
124 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Matter
matter exists in
physical changes
chemical changes
the "stuff" of the universe; anything that occupies space and…
solid, liquid, and gaseous states
do not alter the basic nature of a substance (ex. cutting foo…
do alter the composition of the substance (ex. fermenting gra…
Matter
the "stuff" of the universe; anything that occupies space and…
matter exists in
solid, liquid, and gaseous states
27 terms
Chapter 2: Anatomy & Physiology
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Anaerobic
Anabolism
Androgens
Provides energy for cells and muscle contractions
Functioning without Oxygen (O2 is not always required for mus…
Making larger molecules from smaller ones (Part of digestive…
Hormone for male development
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
Provides energy for cells and muscle contractions
Anaerobic
Functioning without Oxygen (O2 is not always required for mus…
26 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy Physiology
Dorsal Cavity
Cranial Cavity
Spinal Cavity
Ventral cavity
Located near the dorsal (back) surface of the body.
Part of dorsal cavity. Formed by the cranial bones and contai…
Part of the dorsal cavity. Vertebral (spinal) Canal contains…
Located near the anterior (ventral) surface of the body.
Dorsal Cavity
Located near the dorsal (back) surface of the body.
Cranial Cavity
Part of dorsal cavity. Formed by the cranial bones and contai…
36 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy and Physiology
anatomy
physiology
bone marrow
cardiac muscle
解剖学
生理学
骨髄
心筋
anatomy
解剖学
physiology
生理学
115 terms
Anatomy and physiology chapter 2
What is the simplest level of organiza…
The human body is composed ___.
what is matter composed of
Matter can come in three forms
Atoms, ions and molecules aka chemical level
Matter
Atoms
Solid, liquid, and gas
What is the simplest level of organiza…
Atoms, ions and molecules aka chemical level
The human body is composed ___.
Matter
31 terms
Chapter 2 Anatomy & Physiology
Amino acids
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
Building blocks of protein
The single most important fuel source for body cells
Contain C,H, and O in the ratio CH20
Primary components of bread and lollipops
Amino acids
Building blocks of protein
Carbohydrates
The single most important fuel source for body cells
209 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 2
Matter
What are the three forms of matter?
atom
element
a substance that has mass and occupies space
solid, liquid, and gas
the smallest particle that exhibits the chemical properties o…
substance composed of only one atom
Matter
a substance that has mass and occupies space
What are the three forms of matter?
solid, liquid, and gas
93 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Chapter 2
elements
compounds
atoms
subatomic particles
substance composed of only one type of atom that cannot be br…
chemical combination of two or more elements
smallest particle of a chemical element that retains the prop…
particles that make up atoms; neutrons, protons, electrons
elements
substance composed of only one type of atom that cannot be br…
compounds
chemical combination of two or more elements
75 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
matter
types of matter
mass
weight
anything that occupies space and has mass
solid, liquid, gas
amount of matter in an object
gravitational force acting on an object
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
types of matter
solid, liquid, gas
36 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 2
What is the difference between energy…
What is the difference between kinetic…
What are the major forms of energy?
Elements
Matter-anything that occupies space and has mass... Energy-the…
Kinetic-energy in motion... Potential-stored energy
1. chemical-energy stored in chemical bond... 2. electrical-resu…
substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances…
What is the difference between energy…
Matter-anything that occupies space and has mass... Energy-the…
What is the difference between kinetic…
Kinetic-energy in motion... Potential-stored energy
175 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Chapter 2
Atoms
What are the three important subatomic…
What is the charge of the three subato…
What determines the mass of an atom an…
Smallest unit of matter
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
Protons- Positive... Neutrons- Neutral/No charge... Electrons- Nega…
Protons and neutrons because electrons are very light
Atoms
Smallest unit of matter
What are the three important subatomic…
Protons... Neutrons... Electrons
23 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Anion
Atom
Cation
Compound
Negatively charged ion
The most basic building block of all substance in the univers…
Positively charged ions
Molecule that may be formed by the combination of two or more…
Anion
Negatively charged ion
Atom
The most basic building block of all substance in the univers…
13 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Electrolytes
Colloid
Suspension
Acid
Inorganic ions that conduct electricity in solution
A solution of very large organic molecules that do not settle…
A solution in which particles settle as sediment
Proton donor
Electrolytes
Inorganic ions that conduct electricity in solution
Colloid
A solution of very large organic molecules that do not settle…
79 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Ch2
Atom
26
13
13
the smallest stable unit of matter
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
how many atoms are considered abundant
how many atoms are considered trace elements
Atom
the smallest stable unit of matter
26
96 different atoms are found in nature, how many occur in the…
89 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Basic Chemistry
Matter
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Study of matter and how its building blocks interact and are…
Has mass and occupies space; exists in solid, liquid and gase…
Capacity to do work
Energy of motion; water moving once dam is open
Basic Chemistry
Study of matter and how its building blocks interact and are…
Matter
Has mass and occupies space; exists in solid, liquid and gase…
43 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 2
Elements
Atoms
Electrons
Protons
92 naturally occurring elements; substances that cannot be br…
smallest part of an element that can enter into a chemical re…
orbit the nucleus. Negative electrical charge; No mass
found in the nucleus. Positive charge; weighs 1 atomic mass u…
Elements
92 naturally occurring elements; substances that cannot be br…
Atoms
smallest part of an element that can enter into a chemical re…
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
477 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
Inorganic Compounds
Organic Compounds
Water (60-80%)
Solvent
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
High heat capacity (absorb or release heat w/o changing tempe…
usually water in which other substances can be dissolved or s…
Inorganic Compounds
No carbon, except CO2, water salts and many acids and bases,
Organic Compounds
Have carbon, ONLY covalently bonded, many are large, carbohyd…
85 terms
anatomy and Physiology chapter 2
chemistry
biochemistry
matter
elements
considers composition of substances and how they change; stud…
branch of science dealing with chemistry of living organisms
anything that has weight and takes up space; solid, liquid, gas
fundamental substance made of atoms that are chemically ident…
chemistry
considers composition of substances and how they change; stud…
biochemistry
branch of science dealing with chemistry of living organisms
373 terms
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 2
chemistry
matter
mass
weight
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
the amount of matter in any object
the force of gravity acting on matter
chemistry
the science of the structure and interactions of matter
matter
anything that occupies space and has mass
134 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter 2
Body functions depend on
Cellular functions result from
Biochemistry helps to explain
Structure of matter
cellular functions
chemical changes
physiological processes
matter... elements... atoms
Body functions depend on
cellular functions
Cellular functions result from
chemical changes
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