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Study sets matching "medical anatomy physiology system"

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Study sets matching "medical anatomy physiology system"

9 terms
Medical Anatomy/Physiology (skeletal system)
Cranium
Clavicle
Sternum
Scapula
the part that encloses the brain
a bone of the vertebrate pectoral girdle typically serving to…
a compound ventral bone or cartilage of most vertebrates othe…
either of a pair of large triangular bones lying one in each…
Cranium
the part that encloses the brain
Clavicle
a bone of the vertebrate pectoral girdle typically serving to…
28 terms
Medical Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System
Peripheral Nerves
Neuron
Neuroglia
Oligodendrocytes
Nerves going into appendages
Nerve cells responsible for special functions of the nervous…
Nervous system cells that support, nurture, and protect neurons
Small cells that form a supporting network around the neurons…
Peripheral Nerves
Nerves going into appendages
Neuron
Nerve cells responsible for special functions of the nervous…
10 terms
Medical Terminology and Anatomy/Physiology (Systems)
Musculoskeletal System
Urinary/Excretory System
Nervous System
Reproductive System (Female)
Muscles, bones, and joints.
Kidney, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra.
Brain, spinal cord, nerves, and collection of nerves.
Ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands.
Musculoskeletal System
Muscles, bones, and joints.
Urinary/Excretory System
Kidney, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra.
21 terms
Anatomy & Physiology III: Endocrine System Medical Terminology
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
andr/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
male
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
21 terms
Medical Anatomy/Physiology Unit 3 Integumentary System
Skin
Sebaceous Glands
sudoriferous glands
Hair
regulates body temperature, protects, receives stimuli, excre…
secrete an oily substance called sebum, keeps hair and skin f…
sweat is produced, regulates body temperature
protects from UV light and trauma
Skin
regulates body temperature, protects, receives stimuli, excre…
Sebaceous Glands
secrete an oily substance called sebum, keeps hair and skin f…
61 terms
Anatomy, Physiology, and Medical Terminology
Anatomy
Physiology
Anatomical Position
Supine Position
Structure of the body and the relationship of its parts to ea…
Function 0f the living body and its parts.
How the body is positioned.
Lying face up on back.
Anatomy
Structure of the body and the relationship of its parts to ea…
Physiology
Function 0f the living body and its parts.
46 terms
The Cardiovascular System: Anatomy, Physiology, & Medical (AOHS)
Aorta (A)
Apex (A)
Arteries (A)
Atrium (A)
Large artery that transports blood from the left ventricle to…
The tip, or bottom, of the heart that points slightly to the…
Blood vessel that carry blood away from the heart.
One of the upper chambers of the heart.
Aorta (A)
Large artery that transports blood from the left ventricle to…
Apex (A)
The tip, or bottom, of the heart that points slightly to the…
274 terms
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Hard Palate
Soft Palate
Uvula
Palatine Tonsils
Letter A represents
Letter B represents
Leter C represents
Letter D represents
Hard Palate
Letter A represents
Soft Palate
Letter B represents
29 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Medical Terminology - Urinary System
Anuria
Catheter
Cystoscope
Dialysis
absence of urine
tube for injecting or removing fluids
instrument used to examine the urinary bladder
The separation of smaller molecules from larger molecules in…
Anuria
absence of urine
Catheter
tube for injecting or removing fluids
29 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Medical Terminology - Urinary System
Anuria
Catheter
Cystoscope
Dialysis
absence of urine
tube for injecting or removing fluids
instrument used to examine the urinary bladder
The separation of smaller molecules from larger molecules in…
Anuria
absence of urine
Catheter
tube for injecting or removing fluids
38 terms
Medical Terminology Systems: Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology
oxygen
Carbon dioxide
Breathing (ventilation)
cartilage
tasteless, odorless, colorless gas essential for human respir…
tasteless, odorless, colorless gas produced by body cells dur…
moves air into and out of the lungs
tough, elastic connective tissue that is more rigid than liga…
oxygen
tasteless, odorless, colorless gas essential for human respir…
Carbon dioxide
tasteless, odorless, colorless gas produced by body cells dur…
38 terms
Medical Terminology Systems: Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology
oxygen
Carbon dioxide
Breathing (ventilation)
cartilage
tasteless, odorless, colorless gas essential for human respir…
tasteless, odorless, colorless gas produced by body cells dur…
moves air into and out of the lungs
tough, elastic connective tissue that is more rigid than liga…
oxygen
tasteless, odorless, colorless gas essential for human respir…
Carbon dioxide
tasteless, odorless, colorless gas produced by body cells dur…
11 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Nervous System Medical Terms
mater
cephalo-
cerebro-
vagus(-)
mother
head
brain
wanderer
mater
mother
cephalo-
head
9 terms
Anatomy and Physiology - Skeletal System Medical Terms
skeleto-
ortho-
-blast
-clast
dried body
straight
forming
breakdown
skeleto-
dried body
ortho-
straight
29 terms
Anatomy & Physiology: Medical Terminology - Urinary System
Anuria
Catheter
Cystoscope
Dialysis
absence of urine
tube for injecting or removing fluids
instrument used to examine the urinary bladder
The separation of smaller molecules from larger molecules in…
Anuria
absence of urine
Catheter
tube for injecting or removing fluids
11 terms
male reproductive system Anatomy, physiology, and medical terminology
Prostate gland
Urethra
Penis
Scrotum
Secretes an alkaline fluid that aids in maintaining the viabi…
Structure transmits urine and semen out of the body.
Acts as a male organ of copulation and urination; site of the…
Acts as a natural climate control center for the testicles in…
Prostate gland
Secretes an alkaline fluid that aids in maintaining the viabi…
Urethra
Structure transmits urine and semen out of the body.
42 terms
The Immune System: Anatomy, Physiology, & Medical (AOHS)
Antibodies (A)
Antigen-presenting cell (A)
B cells (A)
Complement proteins (A)
proteins that bind with specific antigens and neutralize them
a cell, often a macrophage or a B cell, that engulfs an invad…
lymphocytes that begin maturing in the bone. When they encoun…
proteins in the blood that bind to the membranes of foreign c…
Antibodies (A)
proteins that bind with specific antigens and neutralize them
Antigen-presenting cell (A)
a cell, often a macrophage or a B cell, that engulfs an invad…
50 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
12 terms
Anatomy & Physiology III Male Reproductive System Medical Terminology
andr/o
balan/o
crypt/o
epididym/o
male
glans penis
hidden
epididymis
andr/o
male
balan/o
glans penis
10 terms
Anatomy and Physiology, Muscular System
Bicep
Tricep
Pectorals
Abdominals
This muscle is located on the front of the upper arm.
This muscle is located on the back of the upper arm.
These muscles are located at the front of the chest.
These muscles are in the middle of the body below the pectora…
Bicep
This muscle is located on the front of the upper arm.
Tricep
This muscle is located on the back of the upper arm.
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
46 terms
Anatomy and Physiology The Integumentary System
Functions of skin
Protective elements of skin
Thermoregulation
Vitamin D synthesis
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
Controls internal temp
You need Vitamin D to absorb calcium
Functions of skin
Protection, Thermoregulation, Cutaneous Sensation, Vitamin D…
Protective elements of skin
Keratin, Lipids, Glandular Secretions, Melanin
53 terms
The Digestive System: Anatomy, Physiology, Medical, & Professional (AOHS)
Anus (A)
Duodenum (A)
Esophagus (A)
Gallbladder (A)
a muscular structure at the end of the gastrointestinal tract…
the first section of the small intestine, about 2 feet long.
a muscular tube that goes from the pharynx to the top of the…
A small organ under the liver that holds bile and delivers bi…
Anus (A)
a muscular structure at the end of the gastrointestinal tract…
Duodenum (A)
the first section of the small intestine, about 2 feet long.
41 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Endochondral ossification
Intramembranous ossification
Osteoporosis
Maintenance of blood calcium levels
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
Weakening of bones due to a lack of calcium-created density.
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) is secreted into the bloodstream, c…
Endochondral ossification
cartilaginous formation of long bones such as the femur, tibi…
Intramembranous ossification
within membranes of bones, changes mesenchyme into bone direc…
24 terms
The Respiratory System: Anatomy, Physiology, Medical, & Chemistry (AOHS)
Alveoli (sing. alveolus) (A)
Bronchi (sing. bronchus) (A)
Diaphragm (A)
Epiglottis (A)
microscopic structures within the lungs shaped like bunches o…
the tubes that lead directly into the lungs, branching into s…
the dome-shaped muscle below the lungs that contracts, creati…
a small flap of cartilage at the top of the larynx. When you…
Alveoli (sing. alveolus) (A)
microscopic structures within the lungs shaped like bunches o…
Bronchi (sing. bronchus) (A)
the tubes that lead directly into the lungs, branching into s…
55 terms
RHS Anatomy & Physiology: Lymphatic System
What is the function of Thymosin
What is the function of the Spleen
What is the action of the mast cell
Immunoglobulins
creates T-cells
Filters the blood and removes damaged blood cells and bacteria
release histamine and leukotrienes
Antibodies that constitute the gamma globulin fraction of the…
What is the function of Thymosin
creates T-cells
What is the function of the Spleen
Filters the blood and removes damaged blood cells and bacteria
177 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Nervous System
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
Occipital Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Frontal Lobe
Parietal Lobe
434 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Medical Terminology
a-, an-
ab-
acou-
ac-, acro-
absence, lack
departing from, away from
hearing
extreme or extremity, peak
a-, an-
absence, lack
ab-
departing from, away from
38 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Nervous System (anatomy)
cerebrum
corpus callosum
corpus callosum
frontal lobe
cerebrum
corpus callosum
17 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Circulatory System
Circulatory System
Arteries
Veins
Arterioles
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
Carry blood to the heart (blue)
Little arteries
Circulatory System
the system that circulates blood and lymph through the body,…
Arteries
Carry blood away from the heart (red)
437 terms
Nervous system // Anatomy& Physiology
PNS
nerve
Ganglion
Endoneurium
Nerves and ganglia outside the central nervous system
Bundle of neuron fibers in PNS
group of nerve cell bodies in PNS
connective tissue sheath that surrounds each fiber
PNS
Nerves and ganglia outside the central nervous system
nerve
Bundle of neuron fibers in PNS
32 terms
Chemistry- Medical Anatomy and Physiology
Four states of matter
Proton
Electron
Cation
solid, liquid, gas, plasma
A positively charged particle
A negatively charged particle
A positively charged ion
Four states of matter
solid, liquid, gas, plasma
Proton
A positively charged particle
70 terms
Medical Terminology-Anatomy & Physiology
logist
leuc, leuk
Mela, melan
iso
One who studies
White
Black, dark
Equal, same
logist
One who studies
leuc, leuk
White
10 terms
Digestive System Anatomy and Physiology
Digestive System
stomach
esophagus
small intestine
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
A muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
Long hollow tube where most absorption of nutrients occurs
Digestive System
Breaks down food into smaller molecules to be absorbed and us…
stomach
The major organ of the digestive system where the breaking do…
165 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Skeletal system
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
Coronal Suture
Occipital Bone
Frontal Bone
Parietal Bone
39 terms
Cell- Medical Anatomy and Physiology
Passive Transport
Diffusion
Osmosis
Facilitated Diffusion
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Diffusion of water
Movement of specific molecules across cell membranes through…
Passive Transport
Requires NO energy, Movement of molecules from high to low co…
Diffusion
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
28 terms
Anatomy & Physiology - Endocrine System
Pineal Gland
Hypothalamus
Pituitary Gland
Thyroid Gland
1
2
3
4
Pineal Gland
1
Hypothalamus
2
134 terms
Medical Anatomy & Physiology Review
What cavity holds the liver?
Describe anatomy.
What is the name of the mechanism that…
What plane divides you into right and…
abdominal cavity
the study of structure
negative feedback, homeostasis
sagittal plane (midsagittal)
What cavity holds the liver?
abdominal cavity
Describe anatomy.
the study of structure
24 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Skeletal System
Skull
Cranium
Face
Hyoid
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Skull
Cranium and face.... (22 bones in the skull)
Cranium
45 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Endocrine system
aden/o
adren/o
adrenal/o
andr/o
gland
adrenal glands
adrenal glands
male
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal glands
16 terms
Anatomy & Physiology III : Excretory/Urinary System Medical Terminology
azot/o
cyst/o
glomerul/o
glyc/o
nitrogen
urinary bladder
glomerulus
sugar
azot/o
nitrogen
cyst/o
urinary bladder
57 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: The Skeletal System
Skeletal system
5 functions of the bone:
Compositions of Bones
Periosteum
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
bone cells or osteocytes, blood vessels, connective tissues,…
covers and protects the bone and provide bone nourishment, de…
Skeletal system
consists of bones, cartilage and ligaments
5 functions of the bone:
Framework to support bony structures and give shape to the bo…
36 terms
Anatomy and Physiology: Cardiovascular System (anatomy)
myocardium
myocardium
membranous interventricular septum
muscular interventricular septum
[] of left ventricle
[] of right ventricle
myocardium
[] of left ventricle
myocardium
[] of right ventricle
61 terms
Anatomy & Physiology Sensory System
Stimulus
Sensation
Sensory receptor
Special sense
environmental change initiates a nerve impulse.
cerebral cortex interprets the nerve impulse received.
part of nervous system that detects stimulus
localized in a special sense organ
Stimulus
environmental change initiates a nerve impulse.
Sensation
cerebral cortex interprets the nerve impulse received.
22 terms
Human Anatomy & Physiology - Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Humidity
Mucus
Mucous Membranes
nose, trachea and lungs
water vapor in the air
sticky stuff in your lungs that dust and other bad things sti…
a special kind of tissue that produces mucus
Respiratory System
nose, trachea and lungs
Humidity
water vapor in the air
159 terms
Medical Terminology and Anatomy and Physiology
abdominal quadrants
acetabulum
acromioclavicular joint
acromion process
four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
the pelvic socket into which the ball at the proximal end of…
the joint where the acromion and the calvicle meet
the highest portion of the shoulder
abdominal quadrants
four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
acetabulum
the pelvic socket into which the ball at the proximal end of…
76 terms
Medical Assistant Anatomy and Physiology
Structure Hierarchy
Body Systems
Axilla
Brachial
Cells-Basic structural unit of all organisms.... Tissues-Col…
Integumentary... Skeletal... Muscular... Nervous... Sensory... Endocrine... Cir…
Armpit
Upper arm
Structure Hierarchy
Cells-Basic structural unit of all organisms.... Tissues-Col…
Body Systems
Integumentary... Skeletal... Muscular... Nervous... Sensory... Endocrine... Cir…
48 terms
Medical Anatomy & Physiology Unit 5 Muscular System Terminology
a
ab
ad
-algia
Without, absence of
Away from
Toward, to
Pain
a
Without, absence of
ab
Away from
136 terms
Physiology & Anatomy - Urinary System
calyx
detrudere
fenestra
glomus
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
a window ... (fenestrated capillaries)
a ball ... (glomerulus)
calyx
a cup of flowers ... (minor calyx)
detrudere
to push down ... (detrusor muscle)
31 terms
Anatomy and Physiology : Muscular System
Endomysium
Epimysium
perimysium
fascicle
skin around single muscle fiber ( between fibers)
connective tissue inciting the entire muscle.
connective tissue surronding a fascicle
A discrete bundle of muscle cells
Endomysium
skin around single muscle fiber ( between fibers)
Epimysium
connective tissue inciting the entire muscle.
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