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123 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Anatomic Position
Midsagittal
Sagittal
Frontal
Standing straight, palms facing forward
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
This vertical plane divides the body into unequal left and ri…
This vertical plane aka the coronal divides the body into ant…
Anatomic Position
Standing straight, palms facing forward
Midsagittal
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
113 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Anatomic Position
Midsagittal
Sagittal
Frontal
Standing straight, palms facing forward
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
This vertical plane divides the body into unequal left and ri…
This vertical plane aka the coronal divides the body into ant…
Anatomic Position
Standing straight, palms facing forward
Midsagittal
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
154 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
A
a
a.c.
AD
assessment
before
before meals
right ear
A
assessment
a
before
136 terms
Chapter 2 medical term
abdomin/o
adpi/o
anter/o
brachi/o
abdomen
fat
front
arm
abdomin/o
abdomen
adpi/o
fat
171 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Anatomic Position
Midsagittal
Sagittal
Frontal
Standing straight, palms facing forward
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
This vertical plane divides the body into unequal left and ri…
This vertical plane aka the coronal divides the body into ant…
Anatomic Position
Standing straight, palms facing forward
Midsagittal
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
20 terms
Chapter 2 Medical Terminology
adipose
anterior
anabolism
cervical
pertaining (full of) fat
pertaining to the front
the process of casting up (building up process in a cell)
pertaining to the neck
adipose
pertaining (full of) fat
anterior
pertaining to the front
24 terms
Medical Term Chapter 2
abdomin/o
anter/o
bronch/o
cervic/o
abdomen
front
bronchial tubes
neck of the body or neck of the uterus
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
front
56 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
cell membrane
nucleus
chromosomes
anabolism
surrounds and protects the cell
controls the operations of
Rod shaped structures in the nucleus containing DNA.
Process of building up complex materials such as proteins tha…
cell membrane
surrounds and protects the cell
nucleus
controls the operations of
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
hyster-
crani-
chondr-
-algia
uterus
skull
cartilage
pain
hyster-
uterus
crani-
skull
34 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 2
abdomin/o
aden/o
angi/o
appendage
abdomen
gland
blood or lymph vessel
attached to or outgrowth
abdomin/o
abdomen
aden/o
gland
14 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 2 Medical Terms
anatomy
bloodborne transmission
communicable disease
congenital disorder
the study of structures in the body
spread of disease through contact with blood or other body fl…
contagious disease
an abnormal condition that exists at the time of birth
anatomy
the study of structures in the body
bloodborne transmission
spread of disease through contact with blood or other body fl…
68 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
abdomin/o
anter/o
caud/o
cephal/o
abdomen
anterior, front
tail
head
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
anterior, front
32 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
adip/o
aden/o
home/o
cephal/o
fat
gland
constant
relating to the head
adip/o
fat
aden/o
gland
75 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 Medical Terms
abdominal cavity
adenectomy
adenocarcinoma
adenoma
Contains primarily the major organs of digestion. Frequently…
surgical removal of a gland
carcinoma derived from glandular tissue
benign tumor that arises from, or resembles, glandular tissue
abdominal cavity
Contains primarily the major organs of digestion. Frequently…
adenectomy
surgical removal of a gland
190 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Used to describe the locations of the…
Anatomy
Physiology
Physi-
Anatomic Reference Systems
Study of the structure of the body
Study of the functions of the structures of the body
Nature
Used to describe the locations of the…
Anatomic Reference Systems
Anatomy
Study of the structure of the body
51 terms
Chapter 2: Introduction to Medical Terminology
Aden/o
Adip/o
Anter/o
Col/o
Gland
Fat
Before, front
colon, large intestine
Aden/o
Gland
Adip/o
Fat
30 terms
Chapter 2 medical terms
cytology
histology
urinary
anatomy
study of cells
study of tissue
pertaining to urine
condition or process of up/apart to cut
cytology
study of cells
histology
study of tissue
60 terms
Chapter 2 Medical Terms
abdominal cavity
adenoma
anaplasia
anterior
The body cavity that contains primarily the major organs of d…
benign tumor that arises from, or resembles, glandular tissue.
a change in the structure of cells and in their orientation t…
Situated in front.
abdominal cavity
The body cavity that contains primarily the major organs of d…
adenoma
benign tumor that arises from, or resembles, glandular tissue.
75 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Aden/o
Adip/o
Anter/o
Caud/o
gland
fat
Before/ front
Lower part of body
Aden/o
gland
Adip/o
fat
Chapter 2 Medical Terms
Malignant
Benign
Lesion
Recurrent
Dangerous, a problem... Cancerous... Very bad or harmful; likely to…
Safe... Harmless
Diseased tissue... an area of pathologically altered tissue
To have again... happening repeatedly
Malignant
Dangerous, a problem... Cancerous... Very bad or harmful; likely to…
Benign
Safe... Harmless
55 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
adeno/o
adip/o
anter/o
caud/o
gland
fat
before,front
lower part of body, tail
adeno/o
gland
adip/o
fat
37 terms
chapter 2 medical term
fat
front
gland
specialist
adipo
antero
adeno
ologist
fat
adipo
front
antero
158 terms
Chapter 2 Medical Terms
Anatomy
Physiology
Body Planes
Anatomic position
The study of the body structure
The study of the functions of the structures of the body
imaginary vertical and horizontal lines used the divide the b…
describes the body standing in the standard position
Anatomy
The study of the body structure
Physiology
The study of the functions of the structures of the body
69 terms
Chapter 2 - Medical Terminology
a-
ana-
cyt/o-
Anatomy
without
excessive
cell
Study of body structures
a-
without
ana-
excessive
75 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 2
abdomen
abdominal
abdominopelvic
adenectomy
In humans and other mammals, it is bounded by the diaphragm a…
relating to the abdomen, muscle
relating to the abdominal and pelvic cavities of the body
surgical removal of a gland
abdomen
In humans and other mammals, it is bounded by the diaphragm a…
abdominal
relating to the abdomen, muscle
18 terms
Medical Terminology, 7th Ed: Chapter 2 Terms
abrasion
anesthetize
arousal
asymmetrical
Process of scraping away from a surface, such as skin or teet…
To induce a loss of feeling or sensation with the administrat…
Pertaining to a state of alertness or consciousness
Unequal in size or shape
abrasion
Process of scraping away from a surface, such as skin or teet…
anesthetize
To induce a loss of feeling or sensation with the administrat…
75 terms
Medical Terminology-Chapter 2 Key Medical Terms
abdomen
abdominal
abdominopelvic
adenectomy
contains primarily the major organs of digestion
referring to the abdomen, which contains primarily the major…
Cavity that contains the organs of digestion and reproduction…
surgical removal of a gland
abdomen
contains primarily the major organs of digestion
abdominal
referring to the abdomen, which contains primarily the major…
190 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Used to describe the locations of the…
Anatomy
Physiology
Physi-
Anatomic Reference Systems
Study of the structure of the body
Study of the functions of the structures of the body
Nature
Used to describe the locations of the…
Anatomic Reference Systems
Anatomy
Study of the structure of the body
81 terms
Chapter 2: Medical Terminology
cell
cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
cell membrane
nucleus
fundamental unit of all living things
what are the 3 basic parts the cell is composed of?
surrounds and protects the cell
chromosomes that contain genes made of DNA
cell
fundamental unit of all living things
cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm
what are the 3 basic parts the cell is composed of?
60 terms
Chapter 2 Medical terms
abdominal cavity
adenectomy
adenocarcinoma
adenoma
A number of important organs including the lower part of the…
Surgical removal of the glands
a malignant tumor formed from glandular structures in epithel…
a benign tumor formed from glandular structures in epithelial…
abdominal cavity
A number of important organs including the lower part of the…
adenectomy
Surgical removal of the glands
154 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
aden/o
adip/o
anter/o
caud/o
gland
fat
front
lower part of body; tail
aden/o
gland
adip/o
fat
75 terms
Medical Terms Chapter 2 CCMA
A-, An-
Ambi-
Bi-, Di-
Brady
without
both
Two
Slow
A-, An-
without
Ambi-
both
198 terms
medical terminology chapter 2
anatomic reference system
body systems
4 ways to describe the location and fu…
anatomy
used to describe the location of the structural units of the…
body parts that work together to perform a related function
body planes, body directions, body cavities, and structural u…
study of the structures of the body
anatomic reference system
used to describe the location of the structural units of the…
body systems
body parts that work together to perform a related function
73 terms
Chapter 2- Medical Terminology
aden/o
adip/o
caud/o
cephal/o
gland
relating to fat or fatty tissue
tail; lower part of the body
head
aden/o
gland
adip/o
relating to fat or fatty tissue
103 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Level of organization (small to big)
anterior (ventral)
anteroposterior
inferior
cellular level, tissue level, organ level, system level, orga…
towards the front
pertaining to the front and back of the body or passing from…
pertaining to below, lower, or toward the tail
Level of organization (small to big)
cellular level, tissue level, organ level, system level, orga…
anterior (ventral)
towards the front
334 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Abdominal Cavity ... (Location and organs)
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Anatomical Position... (What is it used f…
Anatomy
Within the abdomen, surrounded by the diaphragm superiorly, t…
Continuous Cavity formed by the abdominal and pelvic cavities.
Standard position of the body for the purpose of study. Stand…
Study of the structures of the human body
Abdominal Cavity ... (Location and organs)
Within the abdomen, surrounded by the diaphragm superiorly, t…
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Continuous Cavity formed by the abdominal and pelvic cavities.
75 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
abdominal cavity
adenectomy
adenocarcinoma
adenomalacia
contains primarily the major organs of digestion
surgical removal of a gland
malignant tumor that originated in glandular tissue
abnormal softening of a gland
abdominal cavity
contains primarily the major organs of digestion
adenectomy
surgical removal of a gland
52 terms
Medical Terminology : Chapter 2
aden/o
adip/o
anter/o
caud/o
gland
fat
front or before
tail or lower part of the body
aden/o
gland
adip/o
fat
275 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 2
Health
Ways of dividing or organizing the bod…
Anatomical Position
Anatomical Position
a state of complete physical, mental and social well being (n…
1. Body planes and body directions... 2. Body cavities... 3. Body q…
Standard postion in which the body is standing erect, the hea…
Health
a state of complete physical, mental and social well being (n…
Ways of dividing or organizing the bod…
1. Body planes and body directions... 2. Body cavities... 3. Body q…
165 terms
Chapter 2: Medical Terminology
Word element
Root word element
Prefix word element
Suffix word element
Parts of a word.
Tells the primary meaning of a word; also called the base wor…
The word element that comes before the root word element.
The word element that comes after the root word element.
Word element
Parts of a word.
Root word element
Tells the primary meaning of a word; also called the base wor…
172 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Anatomic Position
Midsagittal
Sagittal
Frontal
Standing straight, palms facing forward
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
This vertical plane divides the body into unequal left and ri…
This vertical plane aka the coronal divides the body into ant…
Anatomic Position
Standing straight, palms facing forward
Midsagittal
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
algia
crani
end
hemi
pain
skull
inside
half
algia
pain
crani
skull
60 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 2 (Medical Terms)
abdominocentesis
acronym
acute
angiography
the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
a word formed from the initial letters of the major parts of…
a(n) _____ condition has a rapid onset, a severe course, and…
a radiographic study of the blood vessels after the injection…
abdominocentesis
the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
acronym
a word formed from the initial letters of the major parts of…
82 terms
Medical terminology chapter 2
5 Body cavities
Body cavity
1 Cranial cavity
2 Thoracic cavity
Is a space within the body that contains internal organs
Brain, pituitary gland
Lungs, heart, esophagus , trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gl…
5 Body cavities
Body cavity
Is a space within the body that contains internal organs
58 terms
CHAPTER 2 MEDICAL TERMS
cell
tissues
organs
systems
cyte
histo
viscero
Groups of organs working together
cell
cyte
tissues
histo
171 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Anatomic Position
Midsagittal
Sagittal
Frontal
Standing straight, palms facing forward
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
This vertical plane divides the body into unequal left and ri…
This vertical plane aka the coronal divides the body into ant…
Anatomic Position
Standing straight, palms facing forward
Midsagittal
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
37 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Cervical (neck) region
Thoracic (chest) region
Lumbar (loin or waist) region
Sacral (sacrum or lower back) region
7 bones C1-C7
12 bones T1-T12
5 bones L1-L5
5 fused bones S1-S5
Cervical (neck) region
7 bones C1-C7
Thoracic (chest) region
12 bones T1-T12
52 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2, Suffixes
-er, -ist
-iatrician
-logist
-ac, -al, -ic
one who
practitioner
one who studies; specialist
pertaining to
-er, -ist
one who
-iatrician
practitioner
104 terms
Chapter 2 Medical Terminology
-er, -ist
-iatrician
-iatrics, -iatry
-logist
one who
practitioner
medical profession or treatment
one who studies; specialist
-er, -ist
one who
-iatrician
practitioner
87 terms
Jones, Medical Terminology: Chapter 2
bi-
hemi-
milli-
mono-
two, double
half
one-thousandth
one, single
bi-
two, double
hemi-
half
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