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26 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Osteocyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Osteocyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
ovar-
-centesis
oto-
bili-
egg (egg the female reproductive cell)
puncture
ear
bile
ovar-
egg (egg the female reproductive cell)
-centesis
puncture
38 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Oste/o/cyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Oste/o/cyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
28 terms
Chapter 5- Medical Terminology
abduction
adduction
anterior
apex (pleural space)
motion of a limb away from the midline
motion of a limb toward the midline
the front surface of the body; the side facing you in the sta…
the pointed extremity of a conical structure
abduction
motion of a limb away from the midline
adduction
motion of a limb toward the midline
26 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Osteocyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Osteocyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Aorta
Artery
Arterioles
Capillary Beds
-Granddaddy... -the largest artery in the body. It is located in…
-Daddy... -the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
-Baby... -the smallest branches of the arteries. They carry bloo…
-this is where perfusion occurs... -perfusion: what goes into th…
Aorta
-Granddaddy... -the largest artery in the body. It is located in…
Artery
-Daddy... -the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
39 terms
CHAPTER 5 Medical Terms
anesthesiology
clinical
colitis
dermatology
Study of how to administer agents capable of bringing about l…
pertaining to the bedside or clinic; involving patient care
Inflammation of the colon
Study of the skin and its diseases
anesthesiology
Study of how to administer agents capable of bringing about l…
clinical
pertaining to the bedside or clinic; involving patient care
157 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
angi/o (root)
aneurysm/o (root)
aort/o (root)
arteri/o (root)
vessel, usually blood or lymph
widening, widened blood vessel
aorta
artery
angi/o (root)
vessel, usually blood or lymph
aneurysm/o (root)
widening, widened blood vessel
112 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5-Digestive System
gastrointestinal tract
ingest
digest
digestive enzymes
Portion of the body that begins at the mouth and ends at the…
Food taken in the mouth
Food is mechanically or chemically broken down
They speed up the chemical reaction to aid in the breakdown o…
gastrointestinal tract
Portion of the body that begins at the mouth and ends at the…
ingest
Food taken in the mouth
178 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 5 Terms, The Cardiovascular System
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
aneurysmectomy
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
a lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
a localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wa…
the surgical removal of an aneurysm
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
a lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
74 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 The Cardiovascular System
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
artery
plaque, fatty substance
angi/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
113 terms
Chapter 5 -Integumentary System - Wingerd Medical Terminology
aden/o
aut/o
cutane/o
cyan/o
gland
self
skin
blue
aden/o
gland
aut/o
self
222 terms
Chapter 5 - Medical Terminology
Nose
Nasal Septum
Paranasal sinuses
pharynx
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
air cavities within the cranial bones that open into the nasa…
serves as a food and air passageway. Air enters from the nasa…
Nose
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
Nasal Septum
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
39 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terms
anesthesiology
clinical
colitis
dermatology
Study of how to administer agents capable of bringing about l…
pertaining to the bedside or clinic; involving patient care
Inflammation of the colon
Study of the skin and its diseases
anesthesiology
Study of how to administer agents capable of bringing about l…
clinical
pertaining to the bedside or clinic; involving patient care
130 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
achondroplasia
ankylosis
arthritis
arthrochondritis
abnormal slow growth of long bones; results in unusually shor…
abnormal condition of joint stiffness
inflammation and degeneration of a joint
inflammation of cartilages within joints
achondroplasia
abnormal slow growth of long bones; results in unusually shor…
ankylosis
abnormal condition of joint stiffness
126 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
Introduction to the digestive or gastr…
Ingestion & Digestion
Absorption
Elimination
The digestive system has four main functions:... ∙Ingestion = to…
∙Ingestion = food material taken into the mouth.... ∙Digestion =…
∙Digested food passes into the bloodstream through lining cel…
∙The body eliminates solid waste materials that cannot be abs…
Introduction to the digestive or gastr…
The digestive system has four main functions:... ∙Ingestion = to…
Ingestion & Digestion
∙Ingestion = food material taken into the mouth.... ∙Digestion =…
17 terms
CHAPTER 5 MEDICAL
Analyzing the shape of the P waves to…
Pacemaker function are effective based…
Measuring the PR interval requires the…
Sinus bradycardia (SB)has the same cri…
the atrial current is moving in the same pathway
fastest the pacemaker of the heart will control the heart rate
beginning of the P wave to the beginning of the QRS complex
heart rate is slower
Analyzing the shape of the P waves to…
the atrial current is moving in the same pathway
Pacemaker function are effective based…
fastest the pacemaker of the heart will control the heart rate
20 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
amylase
cecum
celiac
colonoscopy
an enzyme of starch
a structure of the first part of the colon
pertaining to the abdomen (belly)
visual examination of a portion of the large intestine
amylase
an enzyme of starch
cecum
a structure of the first part of the colon
158 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
stem cells
somatic cell
muscular system
skeletal system
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
all the body's cells except for the reproductive cells; has 2…
makes movement possible
provides protection, form, and shape for the body; stores min…
stem cells
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
somatic cell
all the body's cells except for the reproductive cells; has 2…
289 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
vascul
cardio
ar
apex
blood vessels
heart
pretaining to
vascul
blood vessels
cardio
heart
128 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
lord/o
zygo-
carp/o
ped/o
swayback, curve
joined (yoked) together
wrist
foot, child
lord/o
swayback, curve
zygo-
joined (yoked) together
42 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5-Cardiology
Cardiology
Chambers of the heart
circulat/o
Cardiac
Study of the heart.
Left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, right ventricle.
Movement through a circular route (Combining Form).
Pertaining to the heart.
Cardiology
Study of the heart.
Chambers of the heart
Left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, right ventricle.
60 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
angina
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wall…
chest pain
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
27 terms
Chapter 5 medical terminology vocabulary.
Adip/o
Lip/o
Steat/o
Cutane/o
Fat
Fat
Fat
Skin
Adip/o
Fat
Lip/o
Fat
121 terms
Medical terminology Chapter 5
absorption
amino acids
amylase
anus
Passage of materials through the wall of the small intestine…
Small building blocks of proteins, released when proteins are…
enzyme (-ase) secreted by the pancreas and salivary glands to…
Terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside…
absorption
Passage of materials through the wall of the small intestine…
amino acids
Small building blocks of proteins, released when proteins are…
80 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
Anesthesiology
Dermatology
Emergency medicine
Family practice
Administration of agents capable of bringing about a loss of…
Diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders
Care of patients that requires sudden and immediate action
Primary care of all members of the family on a continuing basis
Anesthesiology
Administration of agents capable of bringing about a loss of…
Dermatology
Diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders
224 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
abdomen/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen
take away; destroy
create an opening between two structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomen/o-
abdomen
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
30 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
angina
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wall…
chest pain
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
42 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
Right Atrium
Left Atrium
Left Ventricle
Right Ventricle
A chamber of the heart that receives oxygen depleted blood fr…
Chamber that receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary vei…
the chamber of the heart that receives arterial blood from th…
the chamber of the heart that receives venous blood from the…
Right Atrium
A chamber of the heart that receives oxygen depleted blood fr…
Left Atrium
Chamber that receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary vei…
110 terms
Medical Term Chapter 5 terms
aortic
arterial
arteriole
atrial
pertaining to the aorta
pertaining to an artery
a small artery
pertaining to an atrium
aortic
pertaining to the aorta
arterial
pertaining to an artery
25 terms
medical terminology chapter 5
ovar-
-centesis
oto-
bili
egg
puncture
ear
bile
ovar-
egg
-centesis
puncture
110 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
What are the structures of the skin?
What is the function of the skin?
What does the term integument mean?
What are the accessory structures of t…
Epidermis... Dermis... -- subcutaneous tissue... Accessory organs... -gla…
Covers and protects the body from pathogens and other harmful…
Refers to skin
These structures are hair, nails,, and glands (sweat and oil)
What are the structures of the skin?
Epidermis... Dermis... -- subcutaneous tissue... Accessory organs... -gla…
What is the function of the skin?
Covers and protects the body from pathogens and other harmful…
73 terms
Chapter 5: Medical Terminology
Abdominal Quadrants
Anatomic Position
Anatomy
Anterior
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
The study of body structure.
The front of the body or body part.
Abdominal Quadrants
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
Anatomic Position
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
32 terms
Chapter 5: Medical Terminology
Abdominal Quadrants
Anatomic Position
Anatomy
Anterior
Four Divisions of the Abdomen Used to Pinpoint the Location o…
The Standard Reference Position for the Body in the Study of…
The Study of Body Structure
The Front of the Body or Body Part
Abdominal Quadrants
Four Divisions of the Abdomen Used to Pinpoint the Location o…
Anatomic Position
The Standard Reference Position for the Body in the Study of…
58 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 5
atrium
ventricles
valves
perfusion
each of the two upper cavities of the heart from which blood…
One of the two lower chambers of the heart. The right ventric…
any of the valves that control blood flow to and from the hea…
the process of a body delivering blood to a capillary bed in…
atrium
each of the two upper cavities of the heart from which blood…
ventricles
One of the two lower chambers of the heart. The right ventric…
10 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
anxiolytic
paresis
neuralgia
syncope
a drug used to decrease anxiety
partial paralysis with varying degree of sensation and motor…
nerve pain
fainting or a loss of consciousness
anxiolytic
a drug used to decrease anxiety
paresis
partial paralysis with varying degree of sensation and motor…
68 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
perianal
appendectomy
appendicitis
buccal mucosa
Pertaining to surrounding the anus
removal (resection) of the appendix.
Inflammation of the appendix
The mucous membrane (mucosa) lining the cheek.
perianal
Pertaining to surrounding the anus
appendectomy
removal (resection) of the appendix.
279 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Musculoskeletal System
a-
an-
brady-
Bones and Muscles work together to support the body and produ…
without, absence of
without, absence of
slow
Musculoskeletal System
Bones and Muscles work together to support the body and produ…
a-
without, absence of
102 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
ana-
-plasia
anter/o (anterior)
poster/o (posterior)
upward, excessive or again
development or formation of tissue
toward the front; ventral
toward the back; dorsal
ana-
upward, excessive or again
-plasia
development or formation of tissue
Chapter 5 Medical terminology
Dyslexia
Hemiplegia
Microcephaly
Myelomeningocele
difficulty reading
paralysis on half the body
abnormally small head
a hernia of the spinal cord and meninges
Dyslexia
difficulty reading
Hemiplegia
paralysis on half the body
41 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
anter/o
caud/o
dors/o
infer/o
front
tail
back
inferior
anter/o
front
caud/o
tail
Chapter 5: Medical Terminology
anatomy
physiology
anatomic position
plane
the study of body structure
the study of body function
the standard reference position for the body in the study of…
a flat surface formed when slicing through an object
anatomy
the study of body structure
physiology
the study of body function
143 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
skin
melanin
keratin
keratinization
the external covering of the body
the pigment that gives color to the skin, is formed in this l…
a protein substance
process where cells lose their nuclei and become hard or horny
skin
the external covering of the body
melanin
the pigment that gives color to the skin, is formed in this l…
86 terms
chapter 5 medical terms
angioplasty... angi/o: vessel... -plasty: su…
arteries
capillaries
congenital
surgical procedure that opens a blocked artery by inflating a…
large blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the…
Microscopic blood vessels joining arterioles and venules
pertaining to presence of a disorder at the time of birth, wh…
angioplasty... angi/o: vessel... -plasty: su…
surgical procedure that opens a blocked artery by inflating a…
arteries
large blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the…
53 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
gemin-
tetra-
quint-
sext-
double
four
five
six
gemin-
double
tetra-
four
71 terms
Medical Terms Chapter 5
Bi
Cele
Dys
Fasci
Twice
Hernia, tumor
Bad, difficult
Fascia
Bi
Twice
Cele
Hernia, tumor
193 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology: Abbreviations
AC, ac
AD
Adeno- CA
Ad lib
Accommodation, before meals
Right ear
Adenocarcinoma
As desired
AC, ac
Accommodation, before meals
AD
Right ear
82 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 Cardiology
Cardiopulmonary
Cardiothoracic
Cardiovascular system
Circulatory System
Pertaining to the hear and the lungs
Pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
Body system that includes the heart and the blood vessels
Circular route that the blood take as it moves through the bo…
Cardiopulmonary
Pertaining to the hear and the lungs
Cardiothoracic
Pertaining to the heart and thoracic cavity
57 terms
Medical Anatomy Chapter 5
Skin
Integumentary System
Functions of Skin
Body Temperature Regulation
Largest organ in the body; regulates body temperature, protec…
The system that consists of the skin and its derivatives (hai…
regulates body temperature, protection, reception of stimuli,…
Skin produces perspiration by the sudoriferous glands to help…
Skin
Largest organ in the body; regulates body temperature, protec…
Integumentary System
The system that consists of the skin and its derivatives (hai…
73 terms
Chapter 5 - Medical Terminology
Abdominal Quadrants
Anatomic Position
Anatomy
Anterior
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
The study of body structure.
The front of the body or body part.
Abdominal Quadrants
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
Anatomic Position
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
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