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Study sets matching "medical microbiology"

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Study sets matching "medical microbiology"

143 terms
Medical Microbiology
Microbiology
The most common organisms in microbiol…
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
is the study of organisms too small to be clearly seen by the…
viruses, bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
Prokaryotes have a relatively simple morphology and lack a tr…
Eukaryotes are morphologically complex and have a true, membr…
Microbiology
is the study of organisms too small to be clearly seen by the…
The most common organisms in microbiol…
viruses, bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
13 terms
Medical Microbiology
Snyder Test
Biofilm
Significance of Biofilms in the Medica…
Biofilms Test
Purpose: Culture of bacteria of the Oral Cavity... Media Compone…
matrix of microorganisms and microbial products affixed to a…
Biofilms attached to medical indwelling instruments... Induces n…
Culture bacteria in test tube.... Decant Broth... Stain with 1% Cry…
Snyder Test
Purpose: Culture of bacteria of the Oral Cavity... Media Compone…
Biofilm
matrix of microorganisms and microbial products affixed to a…
382 terms
Medical Microbiology
Adenovirus characteristics
Adenovirus capsid structure
Proteins of the Adenovirus capsid
How do Adenoviruses replicate?
Adenoviruses are medium-sized, non-enveloped DNA viruses with…
The basic structure of adenoviruses is an icosahedral capsid.…
1. II, Hexon, monomer Structural... 2. III, Penton base, Penetra…
Within the cell, the DNA becomes uncoated starting with the p…
Adenovirus characteristics
Adenoviruses are medium-sized, non-enveloped DNA viruses with…
Adenovirus capsid structure
The basic structure of adenoviruses is an icosahedral capsid.…
130 terms
Medical Microbiology
A
A
B
D
The acid-fast stain is used to stain:... A. bacteria with waxy c…
Which of the following is an accurate description of viruses?…
Species and strains of microbes can be distinguished from one…
Hydrogen bonds are found in all of the following except:... A. b…
A
The acid-fast stain is used to stain:... A. bacteria with waxy c…
A
Which of the following is an accurate description of viruses?…
64 terms
Medical Microbiology
flagella
pili
capsule
endospore
-protein fibrils attached to the cytoplasmic membrane that ex…
-hair like protein structure... -specific adhesion to target mol…
-produced by some not all bacteria... -production dependent on n…
-spore inside bacterial cell, dormant structure... -survival str…
flagella
-protein fibrils attached to the cytoplasmic membrane that ex…
pili
-hair like protein structure... -specific adhesion to target mol…
159 terms
Medical Microbiology
"Disease"
"Opportunistic"
"Commensal"
Three types of Cells
Presence indicative of disease... (e.g. Mycobacteria, Salmonella)
Can cause disease depending on dose & host affected... (e.g. Clo…
Not harmful Bacteria... (e.g. Lactobacillus, Bacillus)
Eukaryote (Animals, Plants, Fungi), Eubacter Bacterial (Proka…
"Disease"
Presence indicative of disease... (e.g. Mycobacteria, Salmonella)
"Opportunistic"
Can cause disease depending on dose & host affected... (e.g. Clo…
10 terms
Medical Microbiology
STERILIZATION
Physical sterilants
Filtration
chemical sterilants
Sterilization is the total destruction of all microbes, inclu…
moist、dry heat、Filtration、 ultraviolet or ionizing radiation、…
removing bacteria and fungi from air (with high-efficiency pa…
peracetic acid、glutaraldehyde.
STERILIZATION
Sterilization is the total destruction of all microbes, inclu…
Physical sterilants
moist、dry heat、Filtration、 ultraviolet or ionizing radiation、…
27 terms
Medical Microbiology
Fungi-Growth Requirements
Characteristics of Fungi
Spores
Spores
-All are chemoheterotrophs-> require organic compounds for en…
-Identified by appearance... -Mold Structure-> Thallus (Body of…
Reproductive structures!... Asexual spores...... -arise from the hy…
Sexual Spores...... -Sexual spores result from the fusion of nuc…
Fungi-Growth Requirements
-All are chemoheterotrophs-> require organic compounds for en…
Characteristics of Fungi
-Identified by appearance... -Mold Structure-> Thallus (Body of…
88 terms
Medical Microbiology
What is Normal Microbial Flora?
What are the two most common types of…
What does normal flora do?
What are the two types of flora?
population of organisms that inhabit the skin and mucous memb…
strep and staph
-provide a first line of defense against microbial pathogens…
resident and transient
What is Normal Microbial Flora?
population of organisms that inhabit the skin and mucous memb…
What are the two most common types of…
strep and staph
138 terms
Medical Microbiology
What bacteria causes whooping cough?
What type of cell is Bordetella pertus…
What vaccine is associated with pertus…
What type of respiratory infection is…
Bordetella Pertussis
Gram negative coccobacillus
DTaP
LRT
What bacteria causes whooping cough?
Bordetella Pertussis
What type of cell is Bordetella pertus…
Gram negative coccobacillus
84 terms
Medical Microbiology Lab Exam
Alpha Hemolysis
Beta Hemolysis
Gamma Hemolysis
Acidic dyes/stains (what they do/bind…
Is indicated by a greenish-brown discoloration of the blood a…
Indicated by a clear area around the colony on the blood agar…
There is no observable change in the agar around the colony.…
Acidic stains are negatively charged. This is repelled by the…
Alpha Hemolysis
Is indicated by a greenish-brown discoloration of the blood a…
Beta Hemolysis
Indicated by a clear area around the colony on the blood agar…
16 terms
Medical Microbiology
Bacilli
Cocci
Contagious
Culture
Bacterial that have a rod shape.
Bacteria that have a round shape.
Capable of being transmitted directly or indirectly from one…
The growth and propagation of microorganisms in a culture med…
Bacilli
Bacterial that have a rod shape.
Cocci
Bacteria that have a round shape.
188 terms
Medical Microbiology
fungi and parasites are ______ (prokar…
chitin
do parasites have a cell wall?
ribosomal structure (prokaryotes versu…
eukaryotic
component of fungal cell wall only
no
prokaryotes = 70S, eukaryotes = 80S
fungi and parasites are ______ (prokar…
eukaryotic
chitin
component of fungal cell wall only
100 terms
Medical Microbiology
Microorganisms
Germ
Microbes in our lives
Naming & Classifying Organisms
Are organisms that are too small to be seen with the unaided…
Refers to a rapidly growing cell
-Pathogenic (disease-causing)... -Decompose organic waste... -Produ…
-Linneaus established the system of scientific nomenclature... -…
Microorganisms
Are organisms that are too small to be seen with the unaided…
Germ
Refers to a rapidly growing cell
143 terms
Medical Microbiology
Microbiology
The most common organisms in microbiol…
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
is the study of organisms too small to be clearly seen by the…
viruses, bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
Prokaryotes have a relatively simple morphology and lack a tr…
Eukaryotes are morphologically complex and have a true, membr…
Microbiology
is the study of organisms too small to be clearly seen by the…
The most common organisms in microbiol…
viruses, bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
Medical Microbiology
Acquired immunnity
Leukocytes
phagocytosis
T-lymphocytes
Acquired either by having the disease or through vaccination
Also known as white blood cells; part of the immune system th…
When white blood cells kill bacteria by actually ingesting them
*They mature in the thymus... *responsible for cell-mediated imm…
Acquired immunnity
Acquired either by having the disease or through vaccination
Leukocytes
Also known as white blood cells; part of the immune system th…
55 terms
Medical Microbiology
How long do you rotate the label card…
Antibody components in the RPR test
Biological false positives of the RPR…
False negative RPR reactions
8 minutes at 100 rpm
cardiolipin, lecithin, cholesterol, charcoal, and choline chl…
Yaws, pinta, nonveneral endemic syphilis, Leprosy, Toxoplasmo…
Infection is too recent, treatment is underway, disease is la…
How long do you rotate the label card…
8 minutes at 100 rpm
Antibody components in the RPR test
cardiolipin, lecithin, cholesterol, charcoal, and choline chl…
153 terms
Medical Microbiology
Infectious aerosols
Describing colonial appearaces
Gram stain procedure
Gram +ve
minute, bacteria-laden particles liberated into atmosphere du…
name, growth medium, size, shape, edge, elevation, opaque/tra…
1) emulsify slide in saline... 2) fix bacteria on slide, blue bu…
Blue black
Infectious aerosols
minute, bacteria-laden particles liberated into atmosphere du…
Describing colonial appearaces
name, growth medium, size, shape, edge, elevation, opaque/tra…
500 terms
Medical Microbiology
What is microbiology?
A cell is capable of all or many of wh…
Chemical composition of a cell
Metabolism
The study of Life Forms too small to see with the naked eye.
Metabolism.... Reproduction.... Differentiation.... Communication.... Sel…
4%: ions, small molecules.... 2%: phospholipids.... 1%: DNA.... 6%: RN…
Uptake of chemicals from the environment, their transformatio…
What is microbiology?
The study of Life Forms too small to see with the naked eye.
A cell is capable of all or many of wh…
Metabolism.... Reproduction.... Differentiation.... Communication.... Sel…
34 terms
Medical Microbiology Practical 3
Balantidium coli
Plasmodium malariae
Amoeba proteus
Leischmania donovani
Balantidium coli
Plasmodium malariae
135 terms
Medical Microbiology
What are the 3 Domains of Life?
Which kingdoms are eukaryotes?
Which kingdoms are prokaryotes?
Characteristics of Prokaryotes
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya
Plantae, Fungi, Animalia, Protists
Bacteria and Archaea
- DNA is naked, not wrapped around histones... - DNA is circular…
What are the 3 Domains of Life?
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya
Which kingdoms are eukaryotes?
Plantae, Fungi, Animalia, Protists
24 terms
Medical Microbiology
Influenza
Common cold
Streptococcal pharyngitis
Diptheria
Respiratory, viral
Respiratory, viral
Respiratory, bacterial
Respiratory, bacterial
Influenza
Respiratory, viral
Common cold
Respiratory, viral
100 terms
Medical microbiology
Folliculitis
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Necrotizing Fascilitis
Impetigo & Erysipetas
Hair follicle infection. Red swollen follicle with pus filled…
Dermal layer separates from underlying tissue. Begin with win…
Flu-like symptom with intense pain, swelling and discolorizat…
Contagious, small, flatten patches on face and limb. Oozing p…
Folliculitis
Hair follicle infection. Red swollen follicle with pus filled…
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Dermal layer separates from underlying tissue. Begin with win…
207 terms
Medical Microbiology
Microbes normally grow on and in the b…
True or False... In utero: Fetus are free…
During birth it begins the establishme…
There are __x more bacteria than cells…
Higher; Large
True
Flora
10x
Microbes normally grow on and in the b…
Higher; Large
True or False... In utero: Fetus are free…
True
37 terms
Medical Microbiology
Ubiquity
Growth
Broth
Agar
Microorganisms are everywhere
...
...
...
Ubiquity
Microorganisms are everywhere
Growth
...
17 terms
Introduction to Medical Microbiology
3 kingdom system:... Bacteria... Archaeabact…
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family,…
Family, genus, and species.
Class, genus, and species.
Originally there were two kingdoms, then 5. How many are ther…
What is the taxonomy classification scheme in descending order?
What taxonomy classifications are typically used for bacteria?
What taxonomy classifications are typically used for fungi?
3 kingdom system:... Bacteria... Archaeabact…
Originally there were two kingdoms, then 5. How many are ther…
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family,…
What is the taxonomy classification scheme in descending order?
121 terms
Medical Microbiology
The counterstain used in the Gram stai…
cytopathic effect (CPE).
Polyclonal antibody
Monoclonal Antibody
Saphranin
-Viral host cell damage
inject antigen into the host... the antigen stimulates an immune…
Can be produced in large quantity. ... One clone, identifies one…
The counterstain used in the Gram stai…
Saphranin
cytopathic effect (CPE).
-Viral host cell damage
217 terms
Medical Microbiology Final
Anaerobe general characteristics
Anaerobe media
ID of suspected anaerobes
Clostridium Spp
NF skin, mouth URT, colon, vagina... Clinical infections usually…
CDC Anaerobic BAP or Brucella BAP... Bacteriodes Bile Esculin ag…
Presumptive: ... Growth/no growth in selective media... colony morp…
Gram positive Rods, spore formers... NF colon... endospores either…
Anaerobe general characteristics
NF skin, mouth URT, colon, vagina... Clinical infections usually…
Anaerobe media
CDC Anaerobic BAP or Brucella BAP... Bacteriodes Bile Esculin ag…
34 terms
Medical Microbiology
Epidemiology
Epidemiology is an important aspect of…
Epidemiology includes:
Transmission
The study of disease within populations, or groups of people…
risk factors, preventative medicine, vaccinations, and even p…
-The causes of disease (ex: pathogens)... -How diseases are spre…
Spread of disease from one host to another. Can occur through…
Epidemiology
The study of disease within populations, or groups of people…
Epidemiology is an important aspect of…
risk factors, preventative medicine, vaccinations, and even p…
60 terms
medical microbiology
microbiology
what are the stages of infections?
Infection
incubation
study of microorganism & their activities. Microorganism are…
infection, incubation period, prodromal peroid, acute period,…
invasion & multiplication of pathogenic microorganism in body.
interval of time between invasion by pathogenic microorganism…
microbiology
study of microorganism & their activities. Microorganism are…
what are the stages of infections?
infection, incubation period, prodromal peroid, acute period,…
21 terms
Medical Microbiology
Sanitation
Disinfection
Antisepsis
Sterilization
controlling microbial growth in food-related contexts
controlling microbial growth on inanimate objects or surfaces
controlling microbial growth on living tissues or surfaces
the killing of all microorganisms on an object or surface
Sanitation
controlling microbial growth in food-related contexts
Disinfection
controlling microbial growth on inanimate objects or surfaces
61 terms
Medical Microbiology
What are Koch's postulates?
What are some problems with Koch's pos…
What is Koch's fifth postulate?
What are opportunistic pathogens?
1. Microbe found in diseased but not healthy animals. 2. Micr…
1. Sometimes microbes cause the disease in some animals but n…
Information about the microbe should enable scientists to des…
They are normal human flora that typically are not harmful. I…
What are Koch's postulates?
1. Microbe found in diseased but not healthy animals. 2. Micr…
What are some problems with Koch's pos…
1. Sometimes microbes cause the disease in some animals but n…
39 terms
Medical Microbiology
What is epidemiology?
Epidemiology is an important aspect of…
Epidemiology includes what?
In medical microbiology what is transm…
The study of disease within populations, or groups of people…
1.) risk factors... 2.) preventative medicine... 3.) vaccinations... 4…
1.) The causes of disease (ex: pathogens)... 2.) How diseases ar…
Spread of disease from one host to another.
What is epidemiology?
The study of disease within populations, or groups of people…
Epidemiology is an important aspect of…
1.) risk factors... 2.) preventative medicine... 3.) vaccinations... 4…
26 terms
Medical microbiology
bacillus
coccus
spiral 3 types
Arrangements Pairs:
rod shaped
spherical
spirillum (helical rigid) vibrio (straight curvy) spirochete…
diplo...
bacillus
rod shaped
coccus
spherical
16 terms
MICROBIOLOGY: Introduction to Medical Microbiology
3 major components of immunity and res…
4 important parasite evasion strategies
Interferons
3 classes of interferons used against…
1. Innate response... - Physical barriers... - Mononuclear phagocyt…
1. Elicit minimal host response... - Herpes simplex virus remain…
Glycoproteins produced by leukocytes... Bind to host cell surfa…
1. IFN-α ... 2. IFN-β... 3. IFN-γ
3 major components of immunity and res…
1. Innate response... - Physical barriers... - Mononuclear phagocyt…
4 important parasite evasion strategies
1. Elicit minimal host response... - Herpes simplex virus remain…
63 terms
Medical Microbiology
What species of microbes make up norma…
What are the 4 subdivisions of microbes?
Viruses
Bacteria
Staph and strep (both gram positive)
-Viruses... -Bacteria... -Fungi... -Parasites
-Not living (contain either DNA or RNA)... -Require host cell fo…
-Prokaryotic organisms... -2 basic types of cell walls (gram + a…
What species of microbes make up norma…
Staph and strep (both gram positive)
What are the 4 subdivisions of microbes?
-Viruses... -Bacteria... -Fungi... -Parasites
21 terms
Microbiology & Immunology (Systematic Medical Microbiology)
Bacterial Growth Curve
binary fission
the growth curve consists of four stages
oxygen requirements of microorganisms
the growth cycle of bacteria results from binary fission
...
- lag phase (initial)) - the metabolite starved bacteria begi…
- obligate aerobes ... - obligate anaerobes... - facultative anaero…
Bacterial Growth Curve
the growth cycle of bacteria results from binary fission
binary fission
...
20 terms
medical microbiology
what bacteria can blood agar plate hel…
what do blood agar plates differentiate
define hemolysis
what results in dark green on blood ag…
Streptococcus pyogenes
if a bacteria does hemolysis
breaking down iron (in red blood cells)
partial (alpha) hemolysis
what bacteria can blood agar plate hel…
Streptococcus pyogenes
what do blood agar plates differentiate
if a bacteria does hemolysis
44 terms
Microbiology: Introduction to Medical Microbiology
symbiosis
mutualism
commensalism
parasitism
an intimate association between individuals from two species;…
organisms that live in an obligatory but mutually beneficial…
an unequal relationship in which one species derives benefit…
one organism lives at the expense of the other; one helped wh…
symbiosis
an intimate association between individuals from two species;…
mutualism
organisms that live in an obligatory but mutually beneficial…
52 terms
medical microbiology (microbiology rev)
what is normal flora and where is it f…
can normal flora also be found in the…
what is the main purpose of normal flo…
what does normal flora provide to help…
semi-permanent fluid found in the large intestine
yes
protects the body from pathogenic bacteria by fighting for sp…
bacteriocins
what is normal flora and where is it f…
semi-permanent fluid found in the large intestine
can normal flora also be found in the…
yes
Medical Microbiology
Medical Microbiology
Pathogenesis: Etiology of Disease
Reservoirs
Transmission
-Etiology of disease (how it comes about)... -Isolation and iden…
Links in the infectious disease chain... 1. Maintain a reservoi…
A place where pathogens are normally found.... 1. Humans: carrie…
-Air: moisture droplets... -Direct contact: Also includes STDs…
Medical Microbiology
-Etiology of disease (how it comes about)... -Isolation and iden…
Pathogenesis: Etiology of Disease
Links in the infectious disease chain... 1. Maintain a reservoi…
16 terms
Medical Microbiology
Epidemiology
Transmission
Direct Contact
Indirect Contact
The study of diseases within populations or groups of people
The spread of disease from one host to another
Transmission through touching the contaminated person and spr…
Transmission through droplets (particles suspended in fluid),…
Epidemiology
The study of diseases within populations or groups of people
Transmission
The spread of disease from one host to another
91 terms
Medical microbiology
Aristotle
Francisco Redi
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
John Needham
Spontaneous generation. He believed that rats came from hay.
Against the Spontaneous generation theory; he Had 3 jars with…
He Invented the first microscope; also known as the father of…
Questioned bacteria growth. Needham heated a flask but, did N…
Aristotle
Spontaneous generation. He believed that rats came from hay.
Francisco Redi
Against the Spontaneous generation theory; he Had 3 jars with…
12 terms
Medical microbiology
Direct Contact
Indirect contact
Sterilization
Disinfection
Physical contact between people
Droplets ... Vectors... Soil, food, water
Kills all pathogens... Heat, radiation, ethylene gas
Kills some but not all... Microwaves, pasteurization, alcohol,…
Direct Contact
Physical contact between people
Indirect contact
Droplets ... Vectors... Soil, food, water
12 terms
medical microbiology
epidemiology
vectors
disinfection
sterilization
study of a disease within populations, or groups of people wi…
intermediary living organisms such as ticks
kills some but not all microbes present ex: microwaves, paste…
kills all pathogens ex: extreme heat, radiation
epidemiology
study of a disease within populations, or groups of people wi…
vectors
intermediary living organisms such as ticks
118 terms
Medical Microbiology
microbiology
mutualism
parasitism
commensalism
the study of microorganisms or microbes- living things that a…
both organisms benefit
one organism benefits, the other is harmed
one organism benefits and the other is unaffected
microbiology
the study of microorganisms or microbes- living things that a…
mutualism
both organisms benefit
20 terms
Medical Microbiology
Microbiology
Mutualism
Spontaneous generation (Abiogenesis)
Bacteriology
is the study of microorganisms... or microbes ... (living things th…
it is when both organisms benefit
it is the outdated hypothesis that living organisms could ari…
is the study of bacteria
Microbiology
is the study of microorganisms... or microbes ... (living things th…
Mutualism
it is when both organisms benefit
20 terms
Medical Microbiology
host
microbe
mutualism
commensalism
organism that supports growth of microbe -- often large, mult…
unicelluar organism, or virus
type of host-microbe (symbiosis) interaction where both partn…
type of host-microbe (symbiosis) interaction where one partne…
host
organism that supports growth of microbe -- often large, mult…
microbe
unicelluar organism, or virus
35 terms
Medical Microbiology
aseptic technique
sheep's blood agar
differential
gram stain
Set of procedure that we use to prevent contamination.
differential media
distinguish one bacteria from another
depends on bacterial cell wall
aseptic technique
Set of procedure that we use to prevent contamination.
sheep's blood agar
differential media
60 terms
Medical microbiology
4 functions of complement
Chemotaxis
Diapedesis
Opsonization
Cytolysis, optimization, chemotsxis, activates macrophages an…
The process where by neutrophils are attracted to an inflamma…
The process where neutrophils leave the blood vessel.
The coating of an antigen with complement to make it more att…
4 functions of complement
Cytolysis, optimization, chemotsxis, activates macrophages an…
Chemotaxis
The process where by neutrophils are attracted to an inflamma…
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