Study sets matching "medical microbiology"

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Study sets matching "medical microbiology"

143 terms
Medical Microbiology
Microbiology
The most common organisms in microbiol…
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
is the study of organisms too small to be clearly seen by the…
viruses, bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
Prokaryotes have a relatively simple morphology and lack a tr…
Eukaryotes are morphologically complex and have a true, membr…
Microbiology
is the study of organisms too small to be clearly seen by the…
The most common organisms in microbiol…
viruses, bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
Medical Microbiology
Snyder Test
Biofilm
Significance of Biofilms in the Medica…
Biofilms Test
Purpose: Culture of bacteria of the Oral Cavity... Media Compone…
matrix of microorganisms and microbial products affixed to a…
Biofilms attached to medical indwelling instruments... Induces n…
Culture bacteria in test tube.... Decant Broth... Stain with 1% Cry…
Snyder Test
Purpose: Culture of bacteria of the Oral Cavity... Media Compone…
Biofilm
matrix of microorganisms and microbial products affixed to a…
Medical Microbiology
Fungi-Growth Requirements
Characteristics of Fungi
Spores
Spores
-All are chemoheterotrophs-> require organic compounds for en…
-Identified by appearance... -Mold Structure-> Thallus (Body of…
Reproductive structures!... Asexual spores...... -arise from the hy…
Sexual Spores...... -Sexual spores result from the fusion of nuc…
Fungi-Growth Requirements
-All are chemoheterotrophs-> require organic compounds for en…
Characteristics of Fungi
-Identified by appearance... -Mold Structure-> Thallus (Body of…
88 terms
Medical Microbiology
What is Normal Microbial Flora?
What are the two most common types of…
What does normal flora do?
What are the two types of flora?
population of organisms that inhabit the skin and mucous memb…
strep and staph
-provide a first line of defense against microbial pathogens…
resident and transient
What is Normal Microbial Flora?
population of organisms that inhabit the skin and mucous memb…
What are the two most common types of…
strep and staph
382 terms
Medical Microbiology
Adenovirus characteristics
Adenovirus capsid structure
Proteins of the Adenovirus capsid
How do Adenoviruses replicate?
Adenoviruses are medium-sized, non-enveloped DNA viruses with…
The basic structure of adenoviruses is an icosahedral capsid.…
1. II, Hexon, monomer Structural... 2. III, Penton base, Penetra…
Within the cell, the DNA becomes uncoated starting with the p…
Adenovirus characteristics
Adenoviruses are medium-sized, non-enveloped DNA viruses with…
Adenovirus capsid structure
The basic structure of adenoviruses is an icosahedral capsid.…
138 terms
Medical Microbiology
What bacteria causes whooping cough?
What type of cell is Bordetella pertus…
What vaccine is associated with pertus…
What type of respiratory infection is…
Bordetella Pertussis
Gram negative coccobacillus
DTaP
LRT
What bacteria causes whooping cough?
Bordetella Pertussis
What type of cell is Bordetella pertus…
Gram negative coccobacillus
Medical Microbiology
STERILIZATION
Physical sterilants
Filtration
chemical sterilants
Sterilization is the total destruction of all microbes, inclu…
moist、dry heat、Filtration、 ultraviolet or ionizing radiation、…
removing bacteria and fungi from air (with high-efficiency pa…
peracetic acid、glutaraldehyde.
STERILIZATION
Sterilization is the total destruction of all microbes, inclu…
Physical sterilants
moist、dry heat、Filtration、 ultraviolet or ionizing radiation、…
Medical Microbiology Lab Exam
Alpha Hemolysis
Beta Hemolysis
Gamma Hemolysis
Acidic dyes/stains (what they do/bind…
Is indicated by a greenish-brown discoloration of the blood a…
Indicated by a clear area around the colony on the blood agar…
There is no observable change in the agar around the colony.…
Acidic stains are negatively charged. This is repelled by the…
Alpha Hemolysis
Is indicated by a greenish-brown discoloration of the blood a…
Beta Hemolysis
Indicated by a clear area around the colony on the blood agar…
Medical Microbiology
How long do you rotate the label card…
Antibody components in the RPR test
Biological false positives of the RPR…
False negative RPR reactions
8 minutes at 100 rpm
cardiolipin, lecithin, cholesterol, charcoal, and choline chl…
Yaws, pinta, nonveneral endemic syphilis, Leprosy, Toxoplasmo…
Infection is too recent, treatment is underway, disease is la…
How long do you rotate the label card…
8 minutes at 100 rpm
Antibody components in the RPR test
cardiolipin, lecithin, cholesterol, charcoal, and choline chl…
23 terms
Medical Microbiology
Know the material and answers to quest…
Which type of symbiosis does infectiou…
What are the normal microbiota?
How do normal microbes benefit the hum…
...
Parasitism- one organism benefits by deriving nutrients at th…
Microbes that live on or in our bodies without causing diseas…
mutualistic symbionts-both benefits microbe symbiont and huma…
Know the material and answers to quest…
...
Which type of symbiosis does infectiou…
Parasitism- one organism benefits by deriving nutrients at th…
130 terms
Medical Microbiology
A
A
B
D
The acid-fast stain is used to stain:... A. bacteria with waxy c…
Which of the following is an accurate description of viruses?…
Species and strains of microbes can be distinguished from one…
Hydrogen bonds are found in all of the following except:... A. b…
A
The acid-fast stain is used to stain:... A. bacteria with waxy c…
A
Which of the following is an accurate description of viruses?…
16 terms
Medical Microbiology
Bacilli
Cocci
Contagious
Culture
Bacterial that have a rod shape.
Bacteria that have a round shape.
Capable of being transmitted directly or indirectly from one…
The growth and propagation of microorganisms in a culture med…
Bacilli
Bacterial that have a rod shape.
Cocci
Bacteria that have a round shape.
24 terms
Medical Microbiology
Influenza
Common cold
Streptococcal pharyngitis
Diptheria
Respiratory, viral
Respiratory, viral
Respiratory, bacterial
Respiratory, bacterial
Influenza
Respiratory, viral
Common cold
Respiratory, viral
Medical Microbiology
flagella
pili
capsule
endospore
-protein fibrils attached to the cytoplasmic membrane that ex…
-hair like protein structure... -specific adhesion to target mol…
-produced by some not all bacteria... -production dependent on n…
-spore inside bacterial cell, dormant structure... -survival str…
flagella
-protein fibrils attached to the cytoplasmic membrane that ex…
pili
-hair like protein structure... -specific adhesion to target mol…
188 terms
Medical Microbiology
fungi and parasites are ______ (prokar…
chitin
do parasites have a cell wall?
ribosomal structure (prokaryotes versu…
eukaryotic
component of fungal cell wall only
no
prokaryotes = 70S, eukaryotes = 80S
fungi and parasites are ______ (prokar…
eukaryotic
chitin
component of fungal cell wall only
159 terms
Medical Microbiology
"Disease"
"Opportunistic"
"Commensal"
Three types of Cells
Presence indicative of disease... (e.g. Mycobacteria, Salmonella)
Can cause disease depending on dose & host affected... (e.g. Clo…
Not harmful Bacteria... (e.g. Lactobacillus, Bacillus)
Eukaryote (Animals, Plants, Fungi), Eubacter Bacterial (Proka…
"Disease"
Presence indicative of disease... (e.g. Mycobacteria, Salmonella)
"Opportunistic"
Can cause disease depending on dose & host affected... (e.g. Clo…
Medical microbiology
Folliculitis
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Necrotizing Fascilitis
Impetigo & Erysipetas
Hair follicle infection. Red swollen follicle with pus filled…
Dermal layer separates from underlying tissue. Begin with win…
Flu-like symptom with intense pain, swelling and discolorizat…
Contagious, small, flatten patches on face and limb. Oozing p…
Folliculitis
Hair follicle infection. Red swollen follicle with pus filled…
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Dermal layer separates from underlying tissue. Begin with win…
Medical Microbiology
What is microbiology?
A cell is capable of all or many of wh…
Chemical composition of a cell
Metabolism
The study of Life Forms too small to see with the naked eye.
Metabolism.... Reproduction.... Differentiation.... Communication.... Sel…
4%: ions, small molecules.... 2%: phospholipids.... 1%: DNA.... 6%: RN…
Uptake of chemicals from the environment, their transformatio…
What is microbiology?
The study of Life Forms too small to see with the naked eye.
A cell is capable of all or many of wh…
Metabolism.... Reproduction.... Differentiation.... Communication.... Sel…
207 terms
Medical Microbiology
Microbes normally grow on and in the b…
True or False... In utero: Fetus are free…
During birth it begins the establishme…
There are __x more bacteria than cells…
Higher; Large
True
Flora
10x
Microbes normally grow on and in the b…
Higher; Large
True or False... In utero: Fetus are free…
True
121 terms
Medical Microbiology
The counterstain used in the Gram stai…
cytopathic effect (CPE).
Polyclonal antibody
Monoclonal Antibody
Saphranin
-Viral host cell damage
inject antigen into the host... the antigen stimulates an immune…
Can be produced in large quantity. ... One clone, identifies one…
The counterstain used in the Gram stai…
Saphranin
cytopathic effect (CPE).
-Viral host cell damage
22 terms
Medical Microbiology
Human Microbiome
Colonization
Dry Skin
Moist skin
The collection of all the microorganisms living in associatio…
The growth of microorganisms after it has gained access to ho…
- High numbers of betaproteobacteria, then cornyebacteria... - M…
- High numbers of cornyebacteria and staphylococci... - Most are…
Human Microbiome
The collection of all the microorganisms living in associatio…
Colonization
The growth of microorganisms after it has gained access to ho…
Medical Microbiology
Microbiology
The most common organisms in microbiol…
Prokaryotes
Eukaryotes
is the study of organisms too small to be clearly seen by the…
viruses, bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
Prokaryotes have a relatively simple morphology and lack a tr…
Eukaryotes are morphologically complex and have a true, membr…
Microbiology
is the study of organisms too small to be clearly seen by the…
The most common organisms in microbiol…
viruses, bacteria, archaea, protozoa, algae, and fungi
17 terms
Introduction to Medical Microbiology
3 kingdom system:... Bacteria... Archaeabact…
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family,…
Family, genus, and species.
Class, genus, and species.
Originally there were two kingdoms, then 5. How many are ther…
What is the taxonomy classification scheme in descending order?
What taxonomy classifications are typically used for bacteria?
What taxonomy classifications are typically used for fungi?
3 kingdom system:... Bacteria... Archaeabact…
Originally there were two kingdoms, then 5. How many are ther…
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family,…
What is the taxonomy classification scheme in descending order?
60 terms
medical microbiology
microbiology
what are the stages of infections?
Infection
incubation
study of microorganism & their activities. Microorganism are…
infection, incubation period, prodromal peroid, acute period,…
invasion & multiplication of pathogenic microorganism in body.
interval of time between invasion by pathogenic microorganism…
microbiology
study of microorganism & their activities. Microorganism are…
what are the stages of infections?
infection, incubation period, prodromal peroid, acute period,…
16 terms
MICROBIOLOGY: Introduction to Medical Microbiology
3 major components of immunity and res…
4 important parasite evasion strategies
Interferons
3 classes of interferons used against…
1. Innate response... - Physical barriers... - Mononuclear phagocyt…
1. Elicit minimal host response... - Herpes simplex virus remain…
Glycoproteins produced by leukocytes... Bind to host cell surfa…
1. IFN-α ... 2. IFN-β... 3. IFN-γ
3 major components of immunity and res…
1. Innate response... - Physical barriers... - Mononuclear phagocyt…
4 important parasite evasion strategies
1. Elicit minimal host response... - Herpes simplex virus remain…
30 terms
Medical Microbiology Fall Semster
Problem
Hypothesis
Materials
Procedure
The reason for the experiment
The guess that you predict before experimenting
The items you need to perform an experiment
The steps that explain exactly how you carried out the experi…
Problem
The reason for the experiment
Hypothesis
The guess that you predict before experimenting
26 terms
Medical microbiology
bacillus
coccus
spiral 3 types
Arrangements Pairs:
rod shaped
spherical
spirillum (helical rigid) vibrio (straight curvy) spirochete…
diplo...
bacillus
rod shaped
coccus
spherical
Medical Microbiology
What species of microbes make up norma…
What are the 4 subdivisions of microbes?
Viruses
Bacteria
Staph and strep (both gram positive)
-Viruses... -Bacteria... -Fungi... -Parasites
-Not living (contain either DNA or RNA)... -Require host cell fo…
-Prokaryotic organisms... -2 basic types of cell walls (gram + a…
What species of microbes make up norma…
Staph and strep (both gram positive)
What are the 4 subdivisions of microbes?
-Viruses... -Bacteria... -Fungi... -Parasites
217 terms
Medical Microbiology Final
Anaerobe general characteristics
Anaerobe media
ID of suspected anaerobes
Clostridium Spp
NF skin, mouth URT, colon, vagina... Clinical infections usually…
CDC Anaerobic BAP or Brucella BAP... Bacteriodes Bile Esculin ag…
Presumptive: ... Growth/no growth in selective media... colony morp…
Gram positive Rods, spore formers... NF colon... endospores either…
Anaerobe general characteristics
NF skin, mouth URT, colon, vagina... Clinical infections usually…
Anaerobe media
CDC Anaerobic BAP or Brucella BAP... Bacteriodes Bile Esculin ag…
Medical Microbiology
Epidemiology
Epidemiology is an important aspect of…
Epidemiology includes:
Transmission
The study of disease within populations, or groups of people…
risk factors, preventative medicine, vaccinations, and even p…
-The causes of disease (ex: pathogens)... -How diseases are spre…
Spread of disease from one host to another. Can occur through…
Epidemiology
The study of disease within populations, or groups of people…
Epidemiology is an important aspect of…
risk factors, preventative medicine, vaccinations, and even p…
16 terms
Medical Microbiology
epidemiology
transmission
direct contact
indirect contact
study of disease within a population
spread of disease from one host to another
touching/spreading the disease through physical contact
transmission via droplets, vectors, soil, food, or water
epidemiology
study of disease within a population
transmission
spread of disease from one host to another
5 terms
Medical Microbiology: Bacterial Arrangements
Diplococcus
Streptococcus
Staphylococcus
Tetrad
Diplococcus
Streptococcus
61 terms
Medical Microbiology
What are Koch's postulates?
What are some problems with Koch's pos…
What is Koch's fifth postulate?
What are opportunistic pathogens?
1. Microbe found in diseased but not healthy animals. 2. Micr…
1. Sometimes microbes cause the disease in some animals but n…
Information about the microbe should enable scientists to des…
They are normal human flora that typically are not harmful. I…
What are Koch's postulates?
1. Microbe found in diseased but not healthy animals. 2. Micr…
What are some problems with Koch's pos…
1. Sometimes microbes cause the disease in some animals but n…
21 terms
Microbiology & Immunology (Systematic Medical Microbiology)
Bacterial Growth Curve
binary fission
the growth curve consists of four stages
oxygen requirements of microorganisms
the growth cycle of bacteria results from binary fission
...
- lag phase (initial)) - the metabolite starved bacteria begi…
- obligate aerobes ... - obligate anaerobes... - facultative anaero…
Bacterial Growth Curve
the growth cycle of bacteria results from binary fission
binary fission
...
6 terms
Medical Microbiology
active immunity
passive immunity
antibacterial agents
antiviral agents
if you have experienced the infection before, it gives you na…
direct transmission of antibodies from one source to another…
specific to bacteria... bactericidal agents: kill bacteria... bacte…
specific to viruses... more difficult b/c viruses are contained…
active immunity
if you have experienced the infection before, it gives you na…
passive immunity
direct transmission of antibodies from one source to another…
39 terms
Medical Microbiology
What is epidemiology?
Epidemiology is an important aspect of…
Epidemiology includes what?
In medical microbiology what is transm…
The study of disease within populations, or groups of people…
1.) risk factors... 2.) preventative medicine... 3.) vaccinations... 4…
1.) The causes of disease (ex: pathogens)... 2.) How diseases ar…
Spread of disease from one host to another.
What is epidemiology?
The study of disease within populations, or groups of people…
Epidemiology is an important aspect of…
1.) risk factors... 2.) preventative medicine... 3.) vaccinations... 4…
16 terms
Medical Microbiology
Epidemiology
Transmission
Direct Contact
Indirect Contact
The study of diseases within populations or groups of people
The spread of disease from one host to another
Transmission through touching the contaminated person and spr…
Transmission through droplets (particles suspended in fluid),…
Epidemiology
The study of diseases within populations or groups of people
Transmission
The spread of disease from one host to another
Medical microbiology
Aristotle
Francisco Redi
Anton Von Leeuwenhoek
John Needham
Spontaneous generation. He believed that rats came from hay.
Against the Spontaneous generation theory; he Had 3 jars with…
He Invented the first microscope; also known as the father of…
Questioned bacteria growth. Needham heated a flask but, did N…
Aristotle
Spontaneous generation. He believed that rats came from hay.
Francisco Redi
Against the Spontaneous generation theory; he Had 3 jars with…
12 terms
Medical microbiology
Direct Contact
Indirect contact
Sterilization
Disinfection
Physical contact between people
Droplets ... Vectors... Soil, food, water
Kills all pathogens... Heat, radiation, ethylene gas
Kills some but not all... Microwaves, pasteurization, alcohol,…
Direct Contact
Physical contact between people
Indirect contact
Droplets ... Vectors... Soil, food, water
153 terms
Medical Microbiology
Infectious aerosols
Describing colonial appearaces
Gram stain procedure
Gram +ve
minute, bacteria-laden particles liberated into atmosphere du…
name, growth medium, size, shape, edge, elevation, opaque/tra…
1) emulsify slide in saline... 2) fix bacteria on slide, blue bu…
Blue black
Infectious aerosols
minute, bacteria-laden particles liberated into atmosphere du…
Describing colonial appearaces
name, growth medium, size, shape, edge, elevation, opaque/tra…
12 terms
medical microbiology
epidemiology
vectors
disinfection
sterilization
study of a disease within populations, or groups of people wi…
intermediary living organisms such as ticks
kills some but not all microbes present ex: microwaves, paste…
kills all pathogens ex: extreme heat, radiation
epidemiology
study of a disease within populations, or groups of people wi…
vectors
intermediary living organisms such as ticks
7 terms
Medical Microbiology
Hans Christian Gram
Semmelweis
Lister
Nightingale
Developed gram staining technique in 1884- separates bacteria…
OB doc who observed increased rate of puerperal fever in woma…
Modified and advanced asepsis... Began spraying surgical incisio…
Nurse who introduced cleanliness and asepsis into practice... Ac…
Hans Christian Gram
Developed gram staining technique in 1884- separates bacteria…
Semmelweis
OB doc who observed increased rate of puerperal fever in woma…
Medical Microbiology
microbiology
mutualism
parasitism
commensalism
the study of microorganisms or microbes- living things that a…
both organisms benefit
one organism benefits, the other is harmed
one organism benefits and the other is unaffected
microbiology
the study of microorganisms or microbes- living things that a…
mutualism
both organisms benefit
61 terms
Medical Microbiology
H Antigen
K Antigen
O Antigen
O antigen (not all have H & K)
Flagellar Antigen (Enterobacteriaceae)
Capsular and/or fimbrial antigen (Enterobacteriaceae)
Somatic or cell wall antigen (Enterobacteriaceae)
All Enterobacteriaceae have which antigen?
H Antigen
Flagellar Antigen (Enterobacteriaceae)
K Antigen
Capsular and/or fimbrial antigen (Enterobacteriaceae)
20 terms
Medical Microbiology
host
microbe
mutualism
commensalism
organism that supports growth of microbe -- often large, mult…
unicelluar organism, or virus
type of host-microbe (symbiosis) interaction where both partn…
type of host-microbe (symbiosis) interaction where one partne…
host
organism that supports growth of microbe -- often large, mult…
microbe
unicelluar organism, or virus
35 terms
Medical Microbiology
aseptic technique
sheep's blood agar
differential
gram stain
Set of procedure that we use to prevent contamination.
differential media
distinguish one bacteria from another
depends on bacterial cell wall
aseptic technique
Set of procedure that we use to prevent contamination.
sheep's blood agar
differential media
Medical microbiology
4 functions of complement
Chemotaxis
Diapedesis
Opsonization
Cytolysis, optimization, chemotsxis, activates macrophages an…
The process where by neutrophils are attracted to an inflamma…
The process where neutrophils leave the blood vessel.
The coating of an antigen with complement to make it more att…
4 functions of complement
Cytolysis, optimization, chemotsxis, activates macrophages an…
Chemotaxis
The process where by neutrophils are attracted to an inflamma…
Medical Microbiology
Pathogens
Commensals/mutualistic bacteria
Symbiosis
Commensalism + example
Bacteria that cause disease
Live in the human body but do not cause disease. Benefit from…
Living together of 2 organisms. Types of symbiotic relationsh…
1 organism benefits and the other is neither helper nor harme…
Pathogens
Bacteria that cause disease
Commensals/mutualistic bacteria
Live in the human body but do not cause disease. Benefit from…
130 terms
Medical Microbiology
A
A
B
D
The acid-fast stain is used to stain:... A. bacteria with waxy c…
Which of the following is an accurate description of viruses?…
Species and strains of microbes can be distinguished from one…
Hydrogen bonds are found in all of the following except:... A. b…
A
The acid-fast stain is used to stain:... A. bacteria with waxy c…
A
Which of the following is an accurate description of viruses?…
30 terms
Medical Microbiology
Staphylococcus aureus
Streptococcus
Enterococcus
Enterobacteriaceae
gram positive... cocci in clusters
gram positive... cocci in pairs and chains... strep. throat
gram positive... cocci in pairs and chains... normal gut flora
gram negative... bacilli... PESSKY (proteus, E. coli, salmonella, s…
Staphylococcus aureus
gram positive... cocci in clusters
Streptococcus
gram positive... cocci in pairs and chains... strep. throat
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