Study sets matching "medical pharmacology"

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Study sets matching "medical pharmacology"

216 terms
Pharmacology Medications
Bethanechol... (Direct acting parasympath…
Pilocarpine (Salagen)... (Direct acting p…
Cevimeline (Evoxac)... (Direct acting par…
Carbachol (Miostat)... (Direct acting par…
Prevents urinary retention and increases intestinal motility…
Treats xerostomia usually in head and neck radiation and sjog…
Drug for xerostomia that is more specific to receptors on sal…
Miosis (pupil constriction) for eye surgery, glaucoma
Bethanechol... (Direct acting parasympath…
Prevents urinary retention and increases intestinal motility…
Pilocarpine (Salagen)... (Direct acting p…
Treats xerostomia usually in head and neck radiation and sjog…
Medications: Pharmacology
high ceiling (loop) diuretic
Thiazide Diuretic
Potassium-Sparing Diuretic: aldosteron…
Potassium-Sparing Diuretic: non-aldost…
Furosemide (Lasix) ... MOA: blocks Na/Cl in loop of Henle, ... Used…
Hydrochlorothiazide... MOA: blocks Na/Cl in early segment of dis…
Spironolactone... What it does: disrupts aldosterone in distal n…
Triamterene ... What it does: disrupts Na-K exchange in distal n…
high ceiling (loop) diuretic
Furosemide (Lasix) ... MOA: blocks Na/Cl in loop of Henle, ... Used…
Thiazide Diuretic
Hydrochlorothiazide... MOA: blocks Na/Cl in early segment of dis…
100 terms
Medical Terminology Pharmacology Abbreviations
before meals
twice per day
dram
grain
a.c.
bid
or dr
gr
before meals
a.c.
twice per day
bid
34 terms
Medications and Pharmacology Medical Suffixes
Antacids
Antianemics
Anticholinergics
Anticoagulants
Reduce hydrochloric acid located in the stomach.
Increases the production of red blood cells
Decreases oral secretions
Prevents the formation of clots
Antacids
Reduce hydrochloric acid located in the stomach.
Antianemics
Increases the production of red blood cells
119 terms
Pharmacology Medications
Pharmacology defined:
Drugs or medications
When is a drug considered a medication?
When were drug regulations created?
The study of medicine... Includes how drugs are administered and…
-chemical agents that produces biologic responses within the…
After it is administered.
Until 19th century few standards/guidelines to protect the pu…
Pharmacology defined:
The study of medicine... Includes how drugs are administered and…
Drugs or medications
-chemical agents that produces biologic responses within the…
100 terms
Medical Terminology Pharmacology Abbreviations
before meals
twice per day
dram
grain
a.c.
bid
or dr
gr
before meals
a.c.
twice per day
bid
17 terms
Pharmacology - Medications
phenelzine... Nardil
methylphenidate... Ritalin
epinephrine... (Adrenalin)
bethanechol... Duvoid, Urecholine
Protype drug pg 196... MAOI - antidepressant... Used for anxiety…
Prototype drug pg. 205... Schedule II drug... Used for ADHD... Monit…
*Nonselective adrenergic agonist, stimulating both alpha and…
Therapeutic Class: Nonobstructive urinary retention agent... Pha…
phenelzine... Nardil
Protype drug pg 196... MAOI - antidepressant... Used for anxiety…
methylphenidate... Ritalin
Prototype drug pg. 205... Schedule II drug... Used for ADHD... Monit…
Medical Pharmacology Exam 2
Cosyntropin
Mecasermin
Somatropin
Pegvisomant
Recombinant analog of ACTH. Used to distinguish between prima…
Recombinant IGF-1. Used to treat GH insensitivity (the liver…
recombinant GH given in daily IM or subcutaneous injections.…
GH receptor antagonist. used to treat acromegaly
Cosyntropin
Recombinant analog of ACTH. Used to distinguish between prima…
Mecasermin
Recombinant IGF-1. Used to treat GH insensitivity (the liver…
196 terms
Pharmacology Medications
amikacin
amoxicillin
ampicillin
azithromycin
Amikin
Amoxil
...
Zithromax
amikacin
Amikin
amoxicillin
Amoxil
Pharmacology: medications
Unit 1
Chapter 6
*Norepinephrine: Levophed
**Brimonidine: Alphagan P
...
Sympathetic nervous system
Alpha-adrenergics (hypotension)
Alpha - 2 selective... Indication: glaucoma
Unit 1
...
Chapter 6
Sympathetic nervous system
115 terms
Pharmacology Medications
L-Dopa
Carbidopa
Sinement (carbidopa-levodopa)
Entacapone (Comtan)
Parkinson's Med
Parkinson's Med
Parkinson's Med
Parkinson's Med
L-Dopa
Parkinson's Med
Carbidopa
Parkinson's Med
20 terms
NCLEX Pharmacology Medical Suffixes
MIL
CAINE
DINE
DONE
Calcium Channel Blockers
Local Anesthetics
Anti-Ulcer Agents (H2 Histamine Blockers)
Opoid Analgesics
MIL
Calcium Channel Blockers
CAINE
Local Anesthetics
Pharmacology for the Medical Assistant
Anesthetic
Scabicide
Immunization
Expectorant
causes a loss of feeling or sensation
destroys mites and scabies ... medication used to kill mites ass…
induces immunity ... Administration of an agent to provide immun…
promotes mucous removal from respiratory tract... Assists in the…
Anesthetic
causes a loss of feeling or sensation
Scabicide
destroys mites and scabies ... medication used to kill mites ass…
46 terms
Medications/Pharmacology
• By what pharmacologic mechanism due…
• Other than carbamazepine list 3 othe…
• Other than TCAs (the first line drug…
• What are the two most common SEs of…
1) Modulate serotonin and NE... 2) per Sessle "exert descending…
1) Oxcarbazepine... 2) Lamotrigine (Lamictal) - combination ther…
Add NNTs... 1) Gabapentin (Neurontin) or Pre-gabalin (Lyrica)…
1) Dry mouth... 2) Weight gain... Sedation is also a safe bet... Not…
• By what pharmacologic mechanism due…
1) Modulate serotonin and NE... 2) per Sessle "exert descending…
• Other than carbamazepine list 3 othe…
1) Oxcarbazepine... 2) Lamotrigine (Lamictal) - combination ther…
19 terms
Pharmacology and Medication
drug
medications
stimulants
depressant
any chemical taken into the body that alters normal body proc…
licensed drugs taken to cure or reduce symptoms of an illness…
drugs that induce temporary improvements in either mental or…
drugs that lower nerve transmission, which is to depress or r…
drug
any chemical taken into the body that alters normal body proc…
medications
licensed drugs taken to cure or reduce symptoms of an illness…
39 terms
Pharmacology medications
Lisinopril (Zestril)
Diazepam (Valium)
Ibuprofen
HCTZ (hydrochlorothiazide)
Blocks the conversion of angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2. Decr…
Facilitates the action of GABA (an inhibitory neurotransmitte…
Inhibits cyclooxegenase which reduces the formation of prosta…
A diuretic drug that inhibits sodium reabsorption from the di…
Lisinopril (Zestril)
Blocks the conversion of angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2. Decr…
Diazepam (Valium)
Facilitates the action of GABA (an inhibitory neurotransmitte…
Pharmacology medical terms
aer/o
alges/o
bronch/o
chem/o
air
sensitivity to pain
bronchial tube
drug
aer/o
air
alges/o
sensitivity to pain
27 terms
Pharmacology Medications
MOM
NTG
PCN
SMZ/TMP
milk of magnesia
nitroglycerin
penicillin
sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim
MOM
milk of magnesia
NTG
nitroglycerin
30 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 21 Pharmacology
aer/o
alges/o
bronch/o
chem/o
air
sensitivity to pain
bronchial tube
drug
aer/o
air
alges/o
sensitivity to pain
Pharmacology--> Medications
Statins
Inhibitors of bile acid absorption
Inhibitors of cholesterol absorption
ACE inhibitors
competitively inhibit HMG-CoA reductase (important step in ch…
sequester bile acids and force the creation of new bile acids…
reduce cholesterol absorption by the small intestine by inhib…
inhibit angiotensin converting enzyme and prevent the convers…
Statins
competitively inhibit HMG-CoA reductase (important step in ch…
Inhibitors of bile acid absorption
sequester bile acids and force the creation of new bile acids…
50 terms
Pharmacology: Medications
Epinephrine
Fentanyl
Demerol
Morphine
Category: Adrenergics... Action: Causes vasoconstriction, resul…
Category: Analgesics (narcotic analgesics)... Action: Stimulate…
Category: Analgesics... Action: Stimulates the opioid receptors…
Category: Analgesics... Action: Stimulates the opioid receptors…
Epinephrine
Category: Adrenergics... Action: Causes vasoconstriction, resul…
Fentanyl
Category: Analgesics (narcotic analgesics)... Action: Stimulate…
19 terms
Pharmacology Medications
Naproxen, ibuprofen, valdecoxib
Metformin
Lorazepam
Lidocaine
NSAID
Endocrine Medication
Muscle Relaxant
Cardiac Medication... (Antiarrhythmic)
Naproxen, ibuprofen, valdecoxib
NSAID
Metformin
Endocrine Medication
Pharmacology & Medications
Prochlorperazine
Metoclopramide
Ondansetron
Paracetamol
Indications... - Nausea & vomiting... Pharmacodynamics... - Dopamine…
Indications... - Nausea & vomiting... Pharmacodynamics... - Dopamine…
Indications... - Nausea and vomiting... Pharmacodynamics... - Seroton…
Indications... - Mild pain... - Fever... Pharmacodynamics... - Blocks PG…
Prochlorperazine
Indications... - Nausea & vomiting... Pharmacodynamics... - Dopamine…
Metoclopramide
Indications... - Nausea & vomiting... Pharmacodynamics... - Dopamine…
44 terms
Pharmacology Medications
Digoxin, Amrinone, Primacor, Natrecor
Imdur and Nitrostat
Atenolol (Selective) & Inderal and Cor…
Norvase, CArdizem, Plendil, Procardia,…
Cardiac Glycosides and Inotropic Agents
Nitrates
Beta Blockers
Calcium Channel Blockers
Digoxin, Amrinone, Primacor, Natrecor
Cardiac Glycosides and Inotropic Agents
Imdur and Nitrostat
Nitrates
Medications and Pharmacology
Who is responsible for overseeing all…
Schedule 1 drugs cannot be prescribed.…
Schedule 2 through 5 have limitation o…
What is drug abuse
The DEA
True
True
Drug abuse is the use of a drug in a manner that leads to phy…
Who is responsible for overseeing all…
The DEA
Schedule 1 drugs cannot be prescribed.…
True
Pharmacology Vet. medical assistant
Solution
Suspension
Analgestics
Opioids... Controlled Substances... For pa…
A drug dissolved in a carrier (Will look clear/No floaties)
A drug mixed in a solution where large particles are suspende…
Reduce perception of pain
(Side effects: Sedation)... -hydromorphone (given IV or IM/For…
Solution
A drug dissolved in a carrier (Will look clear/No floaties)
Suspension
A drug mixed in a solution where large particles are suspende…
Pharmacology Medications
ACTIONS?... -benzoyl peroxide... -Retinoids…
Examples of Retinoids
ACTIONS? ... -Sulfur... -Antibiotics ... -Kerat…
Antibiotic used to kill bacteria in Ac…
-inhibits bacterial growth... -reduces oil production and kerati…
tretinoin, tazarotene
-removes infected skin ... -kills bacteria associated with acne…
tetracyclines
ACTIONS?... -benzoyl peroxide... -Retinoids…
-inhibits bacterial growth... -reduces oil production and kerati…
Examples of Retinoids
tretinoin, tazarotene
Medic pharmacology
Activated Charcoal dose
Albuterol indications:
Albuterol dosing:
Aspirin dosing
Adult:/Ped 1 gram/kg
Asthma, COPD, Allergic Rxns, Toxic Inhallation
Nebulizer: 2.5 mg in 2-3mL of NS... Metered dose: 90 micrograms
162-325 mg non-enteric coated tablets
Activated Charcoal dose
Adult:/Ped 1 gram/kg
Albuterol indications:
Asthma, COPD, Allergic Rxns, Toxic Inhallation
41 terms
Pharmacology Medications
Sitagliptin
Ezetimibe
Pregabalin
Sildenafil
What is the generic name for Januvia?
What is the generic name for Zetia?
What is the generic name for Lyrica?
What is the generic name for Viagra?
Sitagliptin
What is the generic name for Januvia?
Ezetimibe
What is the generic name for Zetia?
pharmacology medications
ampicillin
ampicillin assessments and teaching
tylenol
tylenol assessments and teaching
anti-infectives... -"treats skin and skin structure infection, s…
assessments: observe for s/s of severe reactions; monitor bow…
(acetaminophen)... -antipyretics, non opioid analgesics... -mild pa…
assessment- avoid alcohol usage; assess amount, frequency, ty…
ampicillin
anti-infectives... -"treats skin and skin structure infection, s…
ampicillin assessments and teaching
assessments: observe for s/s of severe reactions; monitor bow…
Pharmacology and medications
Hydralazine
Aspirin
Lovenox
Warfarin
...
...
...
...
Hydralazine
...
Aspirin
...
Pharmacology Medications
Naproxen
Aspirin (ASA)
Penicillin
Ibuprofen
Brand: Aleve, Naprosyn... Class: NSAID (non-steroidal anti-infla…
Brand: bayer... Class: NSAID... Use: pain relief, blood thinner... Sch…
Brand: PenVK, Pen G... Class: Beta-lactam antibiotic... Use: anti-i…
Brand: Advil, Motrin... Class: NSAID... Use: mild/moderate pain and…
Naproxen
Brand: Aleve, Naprosyn... Class: NSAID (non-steroidal anti-infla…
Aspirin (ASA)
Brand: bayer... Class: NSAID... Use: pain relief, blood thinner... Sch…
Pharmacology Medications
Warfarin
Amiodarone (Cordarone)
Enoxaparin (Lovenox)
Diltiazem (Cardizem)
Helps to prevent new blood clots from forming, and helps to k…
Potassium channel blocker.
blood thinner
antianginal. CCBS. inhibits the transport of calcium into myo…
Warfarin
Helps to prevent new blood clots from forming, and helps to k…
Amiodarone (Cordarone)
Potassium channel blocker.
63 terms
Pharmacology Medications
AC
PC
QID
TID
Before meals
Post meals
4 times a day
three times a day
AC
Before meals
PC
Post meals
222 terms
Pharmacology Medications
Synthroid, Levoxyl
K-Dur, Klor-Con
Adipex-P
Actonel
levothyroxine; underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
potassium chloride; low potassium (hypokalemia)
phentermine C-IV; weight loss
risedronate; osteoporosis treatment/ prevention
Synthroid, Levoxyl
levothyroxine; underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
K-Dur, Klor-Con
potassium chloride; low potassium (hypokalemia)
Pharmacology (medications)
Analgesics
Antibiotics
Antibiotic Prophylaxis
Antifungal agents
Prescribed for relief of acute pain, postoperative pain, and/…
bactericidal (penicillin, kill infecting organism) or bacteri…
Prevent bacterial colonization. People with heart problems us…
Fungal infections occur less often. Who has them: immunocompr…
Analgesics
Prescribed for relief of acute pain, postoperative pain, and/…
Antibiotics
bactericidal (penicillin, kill infecting organism) or bacteri…
8 terms
Pharmacology Medications
Suffix for angiotensin Converting Enzy…
Suffix for angiotensin II receptor blo…
Suffix for calcium channel blockers; a…
Suffix for beta blockers
-pril
-sartan
-dipine... diltiazem... verapamil
-olol
Suffix for angiotensin Converting Enzy…
-pril
Suffix for angiotensin II receptor blo…
-sartan
156 terms
Medication & Pharmacology
Absorption
Adverse Effect
Antagonism
Contraindication
Movement of medication from the site of administration into t…
Undesirable & potentionally harmful side effect of a drug
Administering 2 medications together causes the meds to be le…
Conditions in which the drug should not be used
Absorption
Movement of medication from the site of administration into t…
Adverse Effect
Undesirable & potentionally harmful side effect of a drug
28 terms
Pharmacology Medications
Oxygen
0.9% Sodium Chloride(Normal Saline)
Lactated Ringer's Solution
5% Dextrose in Water(D5W)
CLASS: Gas... ACTION: Necessary for cellular metablism... INDICATIO…
CLASS: Isotonic electrolyte... ACTION: Fluid and sodium replacem…
CLASS: Isotonic crystalloid... ACTION: Approximates the electrol…
CLASS: Sugar solution... ACTION: Glucose nutrient solution... INDIC…
Oxygen
CLASS: Gas... ACTION: Necessary for cellular metablism... INDICATIO…
0.9% Sodium Chloride(Normal Saline)
CLASS: Isotonic electrolyte... ACTION: Fluid and sodium replacem…
95 terms
Pharmacology Medications
Xanax
Valium
Ativan
Restoril
alprazolam ... (Antianxiety)
diazepam... (Antianxiety)
lorazepam... (Antianxiety)
temazepam... (Antianxiety)
Xanax
alprazolam ... (Antianxiety)
Valium
diazepam... (Antianxiety)
11 terms
Pharmacology Medications
Activated Charcoal
Aspirin
Albuterol, Proventil and Ventolin (Fas…
Epinephrine or EpiPen
Absorbs substances in the digestive system, used for most ora…
Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Fever, used for relief of mild pai…
Something inhaled that Stimulates the Nervous System, causing…
Stimulates Nervous System (Intromuscular)... Causing Bronchodila…
Activated Charcoal
Absorbs substances in the digestive system, used for most ora…
Aspirin
Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Fever, used for relief of mild pai…
Pharmacology Medications
Statins
Nicotinic Acid
Bile Acid Sequestrants
Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitors (Eze…
Cholesterol Medication... Mechanism: HMG CoA Reductase Inhibito…
Cholesterol Medication... Mechanism: Inhibits secretion of VLDL…
Cholesterol Medication... Mechanism: Bind bile acids and preven…
Cholesterol Medication... Mechanism: Inhibit the intestinal tra…
Statins
Cholesterol Medication... Mechanism: HMG CoA Reductase Inhibito…
Nicotinic Acid
Cholesterol Medication... Mechanism: Inhibits secretion of VLDL…
Pharmacology medication
Antiasthmatic Agents
Antiinfective Agents
Andrenergic Agents
Anticholingeric Angerts
Cromolyn Sodium... Montelukast... Omanuzukast... Zafirukast... Zileuton
Aztreonam... Pentamidine... Ribavirin... Tobramycin... Zanamivir
Albuteral... Arformoterol... Formoterol... Levalbuteral... Metaproterenol…
Ipratopium Bromide... Tiopium bromide
Antiasthmatic Agents
Cromolyn Sodium... Montelukast... Omanuzukast... Zafirukast... Zileuton
Antiinfective Agents
Aztreonam... Pentamidine... Ribavirin... Tobramycin... Zanamivir
Pharmacology Medical Suffixes
-amil
-caine
-dine
-done
Calcium Channel Blockers
Local Anesthetics
anti-ulcer agents (H2 histamine blockers)
Opiod analgesics
-amil
Calcium Channel Blockers
-caine
Local Anesthetics
Pharmacology Medications
Morphine
Fentanyl
Codeine
Tramadol
- Poor oral bioavailability, variable between individuals, hi…
- 1-1.5 hr duration of analgesia, low potency
- analgesic prodrug, higher bioavailability orally
- opioid and non-opioid (norepi and serotonin) methods for an…
Morphine
- Poor oral bioavailability, variable between individuals, hi…
Fentanyl
- 1-1.5 hr duration of analgesia, low potency
32 terms
Pharmacology medications
(P) estradiol... (Estrace)
estrogens, conjugated... (C.E.S. Premarin)
estropipate... (Ortho-est, ogen)
desogestrol... (Kariva, Cyclessa)
Estrogen sex hormone... -palliation of signs and symptoms of me…
Estrogen sex hormone... -palliation of signs and symptoms of me…
Estrogen sex hormone... -palliation of signs and symptoms of me…
Progestin sex hormone... -available only in combination for use…
(P) estradiol... (Estrace)
Estrogen sex hormone... -palliation of signs and symptoms of me…
estrogens, conjugated... (C.E.S. Premarin)
Estrogen sex hormone... -palliation of signs and symptoms of me…
Pharmacology medications
Albuterol
Terbutaline
Epinephrine
Dopamine
Proventil - beta-adrenergic agonist
Breathaire beta--adrenergic agonist
Adrenaline -hormone
Intropin -adrenergeic agonist
Albuterol
Proventil - beta-adrenergic agonist
Terbutaline
Breathaire beta--adrenergic agonist
Pharmacology -Medications
Adrenergics
Adrenergic-Blocking Agents
Analgesics
Anesthetics
Constricts blood vessels; stops bleeding... epinephrine... phenylep…
Decreases blood pressure ... "lol"... lisinopril - Prinivil... amlodip…
Pain relief... Nonnarctoic... aspirin... acetaminophen - Tylenol... ibup…
Blocks all sensations- general/local anesthesia... "caine"... bupiv…
Adrenergics
Constricts blood vessels; stops bleeding... epinephrine... phenylep…
Adrenergic-Blocking Agents
Decreases blood pressure ... "lol"... lisinopril - Prinivil... amlodip…
295 terms
Pharmacology: Medications
Penicillin
Ampicillin/Amoxicillin
Piperacillin/Ticarcillin
Methicillin/Nafcillin
Structural analogs of D-Ala-D-Ala... Cocci (both gram + and -…
Penicillinase sensitive: Often add Clavulanic acid or sulbact…
Tx for pseudomonas... Given with Tazobactam (beta lactamase inhi…
Penicillinase resistant... So MRSA is something that has altera…
Penicillin
Structural analogs of D-Ala-D-Ala... Cocci (both gram + and -…
Ampicillin/Amoxicillin
Penicillinase sensitive: Often add Clavulanic acid or sulbact…
35 terms
Medical Terminology- Pharmacology
aer/o
bucc/o
chem/o
cutane/o
air
cheek
drug
skin
aer/o
air
bucc/o
cheek
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