Study sets matching "medical terminology 2 chapter 5"

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Study sets matching "medical terminology 2 chapter 5"

Chapter 5- Medical Terminology
abduction
adduction
anterior
apex (pleural space)
motion of a limb away from the midline
motion of a limb toward the midline
the front surface of the body; the side facing you in the sta…
the pointed extremity of a conical structure
abduction
motion of a limb away from the midline
adduction
motion of a limb toward the midline
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
ovar-
-centesis
oto-
bili-
egg (egg the female reproductive cell)
puncture
ear
bile
ovar-
egg (egg the female reproductive cell)
-centesis
puncture
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Aorta
Artery
Arterioles
Capillary Beds
-Granddaddy... -the largest artery in the body. It is located in…
-Daddy... -the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
-Baby... -the smallest branches of the arteries. They carry bloo…
-this is where perfusion occurs... -perfusion: what goes into th…
Aorta
-Granddaddy... -the largest artery in the body. It is located in…
Artery
-Daddy... -the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Osteocyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Osteocyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Oste/o/cyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Oste/o/cyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Osteocyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Osteocyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
62 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 5
uni
bi
di
tri
one
two
double
three
uni
one
bi
two
75 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
artery
plague, fatty substance
angi/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
35 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
cutane/o
hidr/o
hydr/o
ichthy/o
Skin
Sweat
water
dry, scaly (fish-like)
cutane/o
Skin
hidr/o
Sweat
16 terms
Chapter 5-2 medical terminology
pharynx
pharyngoplegia
pharyngomycosis
pharyngitis
the throat
paralysis of throat
fungal infection of throat
inflammation of throat
pharynx
the throat
pharyngoplegia
paralysis of throat
30 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
angi/o
aorta
Artery
plaque or fatty substance
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
aort/o
aorta
arteri/o
Artery
157 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
angi/o (root)
aneurysm/o (root)
aort/o (root)
arteri/o (root)
vessel, usually blood or lymph
widening, widened blood vessel
aorta
artery
angi/o (root)
vessel, usually blood or lymph
aneurysm/o (root)
widening, widened blood vessel
171 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
Acidosis
Acne Vulgaris
Addiction
Alkalosis
an abnormal increase in the acidity of body fluids
a skin condition that occurs due to the overproduction of oil…
physical or psychological dependence on a chemical substance,…
an abnormally high alkalinity of the blood
Acidosis
an abnormal increase in the acidity of body fluids
Acne Vulgaris
a skin condition that occurs due to the overproduction of oil…
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
kerat/o
vuls/o
xer/o
plasty
horn
to pull
dry
surgical repair
kerat/o
horn
vuls/o
to pull
222 terms
Chapter 5 - Medical Terminology
Nose
Nasal Septum
Paranasal sinuses
pharynx
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
air cavities within the cranial bones that open into the nasa…
serves as a food and air passageway. Air enters from the nasa…
Nose
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
Nasal Septum
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
158 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
stem cells
somatic cell
muscular system
skeletal system
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
all the body's cells except for the reproductive cells; has 2…
makes movement possible
provides protection, form, and shape for the body; stores min…
stem cells
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
somatic cell
all the body's cells except for the reproductive cells; has 2…
130 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
achondroplasia
ankylosis
arthritis
arthrochondritis
abnormal slow growth of long bones; results in unusually shor…
abnormal condition of joint stiffness
inflammation and degeneration of a joint
inflammation of cartilages within joints
achondroplasia
abnormal slow growth of long bones; results in unusually shor…
ankylosis
abnormal condition of joint stiffness
284 terms
medical terminology chapter 5
cardiovascular
cardi/o
vascul
blood
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
means heart
mean blood vessels
a tissue that transports oxygen and nutrients to the body tis…
cardiovascular
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
cardi/o
means heart
20 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
amylase
cecum
celiac
colonoscopy
an enzyme of starch
a structure of the first part of the colon
pertaining to the abdomen (belly)
visual examination of a portion of the large intestine
amylase
an enzyme of starch
cecum
a structure of the first part of the colon
289 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
vascul
cardio
ar
apex
blood vessels
heart
pretaining to
vascul
blood vessels
cardio
heart
55 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 5
an/o
append/o
appendic/o
bucc/o
anus
appendix
appendix
cheek
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
lord/o
zygo-
carp/o
ped/o
swayback, curve
joined (yoked) together
wrist
foot, child
lord/o
swayback, curve
zygo-
joined (yoked) together
Chapter 5: Medical Terminology
abduction
adduction
anterior
apex (plural apices)
Motion of a limb away from the midline.
Motion of a limb toward the midline.
The front surface of the body; the side facing you in the sta…
The pointed extremity of a conical structure.
abduction
Motion of a limb away from the midline.
adduction
Motion of a limb toward the midline.
60 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
angina
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wall…
chest pain
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
42 terms
Chapter 5 - Medical Terminology
syndrome
tympanoplasty
dyspnea
pathogenic
symptoms that occur together
surgical repair of the eardrum
difficult or painful breathing
disease producing
syndrome
symptoms that occur together
tympanoplasty
surgical repair of the eardrum
62 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Lacrimation
Acral
Blepharal
Dacryolithiasis
crying
pertaining to extremities
pertaining to the eyelid
presence of tear stones
Lacrimation
crying
Acral
pertaining to extremities
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Angi/o
Aort/o
Arteri/o
Ather/o
blood vessel
aorta (largest artery)
arteries
plaque, fatty substance
Angi/o
blood vessel
Aort/o
aorta (largest artery)
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
ovar-
-centesis
oto-
bili-
egg (egg the female reproductive cell)
puncture
ear
bile
ovar-
egg (egg the female reproductive cell)
-centesis
puncture
112 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5-Digestive System
gastrointestinal tract
ingest
digest
digestive enzymes
Portion of the body that begins at the mouth and ends at the…
Food taken in the mouth
Food is mechanically or chemically broken down
They speed up the chemical reaction to aid in the breakdown o…
gastrointestinal tract
Portion of the body that begins at the mouth and ends at the…
ingest
Food taken in the mouth
29 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
Componets that comprise medical terms
Root
Prefix
Suffix
word root (or just root)... prefix... suffix... combing vowels
A word root conveys the essential meaning of the word and fre…
Part of a term that appears at the beginning of a word.... Gener…
At the end of words. ... Indicate a procedure, condition, diseas…
Componets that comprise medical terms
word root (or just root)... prefix... suffix... combing vowels
Root
A word root conveys the essential meaning of the word and fre…
Chapter 5 Medical terminology
Dyslexia
Hemiplegia
Microcephaly
Myelomeningocele
difficulty reading
paralysis on half the body
abnormally small head
a hernia of the spinal cord and meninges
Dyslexia
difficulty reading
Hemiplegia
paralysis on half the body
90 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Angi/o
Aort/o
Arteri/o
Ather/o
blood vessel
aorta (largest artery)
arteries
plaque, fatty substance
Angi/o
blood vessel
Aort/o
aorta (largest artery)
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
anxiolytic
paresis
neuralgia
syncope
a drug used to decrease anxiety
partial paralysis with varying degree of sensation and motor…
nerve pain
fainting or a loss of consciousness
anxiolytic
a drug used to decrease anxiety
paresis
partial paralysis with varying degree of sensation and motor…
Medical Terminology chapter 5
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
arther/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
artery
plaque,fatty substance
angi/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
Chapter 5 - Medical Terminology
Abdominal Quadrants
Anatomic Position
Anatomy
Anterior
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
The study of body structure
The front of the body or body part
Abdominal Quadrants
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
Anatomic Position
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Musculoskeletal System
a-
an-
brady-
Bones and Muscles work together to support the body and produ…
without, absence of
without, absence of
slow
Musculoskeletal System
Bones and Muscles work together to support the body and produ…
a-
without, absence of
51 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
ana-
-plasia
anter/o
poster/o
upward, excessive, or again
development or formation of tissue
front, ventral
back, dorsal
ana-
upward, excessive, or again
-plasia
development or formation of tissue
30 terms
Medical terminology Chapter 5.2
dual-photon absorptiometry
osteomalacia
closed reduction
bone marrow aspiration
Noninvasive procedure using a small amount of radiation to me…
Softening of the bone:
Process of aligning fractured bones through manual manipulati…
Removing a sample of bone marrow using an aspiration needle:
dual-photon absorptiometry
Noninvasive procedure using a small amount of radiation to me…
osteomalacia
Softening of the bone:
Chapter 5: Medical Terminology
Abdominal Quadrants
Anatomic Position
Anatomy
Anterior
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
The study of body structure.
The front of the body or body part.
Abdominal Quadrants
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
Anatomic Position
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
53 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
gemin-
tetra-
quint-
sext-
double
four
five
six
gemin-
double
tetra-
four
244 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
a-, an-
eu-
tachy-
-al, -ar, -ary, -ic, -ous
without
normal, good
fast
pertaining to
a-, an-
without
eu-
normal, good
42 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5.2
Pathology of the Digestive System
Anorexia
Ascites
Borborygmus (borborygmi)
Signs & Symptoms
Lack of appetite
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
Rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, f…
Pathology of the Digestive System
Signs & Symptoms
Anorexia
Lack of appetite
41 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
anter/o
caud/o
dors/o
infer/o
front
tail
back
inferior
anter/o
front
caud/o
tail
Chapter 5: Medical Terminology
anatomy
physiology
anatomic position
plane
the study of body structure
the study of body function
the standard reference position for the body in the study of…
a flat surface formed when slicing through an object
anatomy
the study of body structure
physiology
the study of body function
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
skin
melanin
keratin
keratinization
the external covering of the body
the pigment that gives color to the skin, is formed in this l…
a protein substance
process where cells lose their nuclei and become hard or horny
skin
the external covering of the body
melanin
the pigment that gives color to the skin, is formed in this l…
25 terms
medical terminology chapter 5
ovar-
-centesis
oto-
bili
egg
puncture
ear
bile
ovar-
egg
-centesis
puncture
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
-tomy
-pexy
-scopy
endo-
cut into
surgical fixation
visual examination
within
-tomy
cut into
-pexy
surgical fixation
32 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
acous
amni
asc-ascit
cente
hear
fetal membrane, amniotic sac
bladder, sac, bag
pierce
acous
hear
amni
fetal membrane, amniotic sac
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
Angi/o
Aort/o
Arteri/o
Ather/o
Blood or lymph vessel
Aorta
Artery
Plaque, fatty substance
Angi/o
Blood or lymph vessel
Aort/o
Aorta
130 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
pulmonary circulation
systemic circulation
carbon dioxide
apex
transports deoxygenated blood to the lungs to get oxygen and…
carries oxygenated blood away from the heart to the tissues a…
waste transported by the cardiovascular system to the lungs,…
tip of the heart at the lower edge
pulmonary circulation
transports deoxygenated blood to the lungs to get oxygen and…
systemic circulation
carries oxygenated blood away from the heart to the tissues a…
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