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Study sets matching "medical terminology 2 chapter 5"

28 terms
Chapter 5- Medical Terminology
abduction
adduction
anterior
apex (pleural space)
motion of a limb away from the midline
motion of a limb toward the midline
the front surface of the body; the side facing you in the sta…
the pointed extremity of a conical structure
abduction
motion of a limb away from the midline
adduction
motion of a limb toward the midline
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Aorta
Artery
Arterioles
Capillary Beds
-Granddaddy... -the largest artery in the body. It is located in…
-Daddy... -the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
-Baby... -the smallest branches of the arteries. They carry bloo…
-this is where perfusion occurs... -perfusion: what goes into th…
Aorta
-Granddaddy... -the largest artery in the body. It is located in…
Artery
-Daddy... -the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
ovar-
-centesis
oto-
bili-
egg (egg the female reproductive cell)
puncture
ear
bile
ovar-
egg (egg the female reproductive cell)
-centesis
puncture
26 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Osteocyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Osteocyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
38 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Oste/o/cyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Oste/o/cyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
26 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Osteocyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Osteocyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
35 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
cutane/o
hidr/o
hydr/o
ichthy/o
Skin
Sweat
water
dry, scaly (fish-like)
cutane/o
Skin
hidr/o
Sweat
30 terms
Medical terminology Chapter 5.2
dual-photon absorptiometry
osteomalacia
closed reduction
bone marrow aspiration
Noninvasive procedure using a small amount of radiation to me…
Softening of the bone:
Process of aligning fractured bones through manual manipulati…
Removing a sample of bone marrow using an aspiration needle:
dual-photon absorptiometry
Noninvasive procedure using a small amount of radiation to me…
osteomalacia
Softening of the bone:
157 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
angi/o (root)
aneurysm/o (root)
aort/o (root)
arteri/o (root)
vessel, usually blood or lymph
widening, widened blood vessel
aorta
artery
angi/o (root)
vessel, usually blood or lymph
aneurysm/o (root)
widening, widened blood vessel
30 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
angi/o
aorta
Artery
plaque or fatty substance
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
aort/o
aorta
arteri/o
Artery
171 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
Acidosis
Acne Vulgaris
Addiction
Alkalosis
an abnormal increase in the acidity of body fluids
a skin condition that occurs due to the overproduction of oil…
physical or psychological dependence on a chemical substance,…
an abnormally high alkalinity of the blood
Acidosis
an abnormal increase in the acidity of body fluids
Acne Vulgaris
a skin condition that occurs due to the overproduction of oil…
222 terms
Chapter 5 - Medical Terminology
Nose
Nasal Septum
Paranasal sinuses
pharynx
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
air cavities within the cranial bones that open into the nasa…
serves as a food and air passageway. Air enters from the nasa…
Nose
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
Nasal Septum
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
16 terms
Chapter 5-2 medical terminology
pharynx
pharyngoplegia
pharyngomycosis
pharyngitis
the throat
paralysis of throat
fungal infection of throat
inflammation of throat
pharynx
the throat
pharyngoplegia
paralysis of throat
62 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 5
uni
bi
di
tri
one
two
double
three
uni
one
bi
two
42 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5.2
Pathology of the Digestive System
Anorexia
Ascites
Borborygmus (borborygmi)
Signs & Symptoms
Lack of appetite
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
Rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, f…
Pathology of the Digestive System
Signs & Symptoms
Anorexia
Lack of appetite
126 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
Introduction to the digestive or gastr…
Ingestion & Digestion
Absorption
Elimination
The digestive system has four main functions:... ∙Ingestion = to…
∙Ingestion = food material taken into the mouth.... ∙Digestion =…
∙Digested food passes into the bloodstream through lining cel…
∙The body eliminates solid waste materials that cannot be abs…
Introduction to the digestive or gastr…
The digestive system has four main functions:... ∙Ingestion = to…
Ingestion & Digestion
∙Ingestion = food material taken into the mouth.... ∙Digestion =…
130 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
achondroplasia
ankylosis
arthritis
arthrochondritis
abnormal slow growth of long bones; results in unusually shor…
abnormal condition of joint stiffness
inflammation and degeneration of a joint
inflammation of cartilages within joints
achondroplasia
abnormal slow growth of long bones; results in unusually shor…
ankylosis
abnormal condition of joint stiffness
220 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
kerat/o
vuls/o
xer/o
plasty
horn
to pull
dry
surgical repair
kerat/o
horn
vuls/o
to pull
289 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
vascul
cardio
ar
apex
blood vessels
heart
pretaining to
vascul
blood vessels
cardio
heart
284 terms
medical terminology chapter 5
cardiovascular
cardi/o
vascul
blood
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
means heart
mean blood vessels
a tissue that transports oxygen and nutrients to the body tis…
cardiovascular
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
cardi/o
means heart
158 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
stem cells
somatic cell
muscular system
skeletal system
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
all the body's cells except for the reproductive cells; has 2…
makes movement possible
provides protection, form, and shape for the body; stores min…
stem cells
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
somatic cell
all the body's cells except for the reproductive cells; has 2…
20 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
amylase
cecum
celiac
colonoscopy
an enzyme of starch
a structure of the first part of the colon
pertaining to the abdomen (belly)
visual examination of a portion of the large intestine
amylase
an enzyme of starch
cecum
a structure of the first part of the colon
128 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
lord/o
zygo-
carp/o
ped/o
swayback, curve
joined (yoked) together
wrist
foot, child
lord/o
swayback, curve
zygo-
joined (yoked) together
60 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
angina
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wall…
chest pain
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
42 terms
Chapter 5 - Medical Terminology
syndrome
tympanoplasty
dyspnea
pathogenic
symptoms that occur together
surgical repair of the eardrum
difficult or painful breathing
disease producing
syndrome
symptoms that occur together
tympanoplasty
surgical repair of the eardrum
62 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Lacrimation
Acral
Blepharal
Dacryolithiasis
crying
pertaining to extremities
pertaining to the eyelid
presence of tear stones
Lacrimation
crying
Acral
pertaining to extremities
178 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 5 Terms, The Cardiovascular System
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
aneurysmectomy
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
a lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
a localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wa…
the surgical removal of an aneurysm
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
a lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
55 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 5
an/o
append/o
appendic/o
bucc/o
anus
appendix
appendix
cheek
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
224 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
abdomen/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen
take away; destroy
create an opening between two structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomen/o-
abdomen
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
112 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5-Digestive System
gastrointestinal tract
ingest
digest
digestive enzymes
Portion of the body that begins at the mouth and ends at the…
Food taken in the mouth
Food is mechanically or chemically broken down
They speed up the chemical reaction to aid in the breakdown o…
gastrointestinal tract
Portion of the body that begins at the mouth and ends at the…
ingest
Food taken in the mouth
Medical Terminology chapter 5
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
arther/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
artery
plaque,fatty substance
angi/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
32 terms
Chapter 5 - Medical Terminology
Abdominal Quadrants
Anatomic Position
Anatomy
Anterior
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
The study of body structure
The front of the body or body part
Abdominal Quadrants
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
Anatomic Position
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
artery
plaque, fatty substance
angi/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
30 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
angina
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wall…
chest pain
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
73 terms
Chapter 5: Medical Terminology
Abdominal Quadrants
Anatomic Position
Anatomy
Anterior
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
The study of body structure.
The front of the body or body part.
Abdominal Quadrants
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
Anatomic Position
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
32 terms
Chapter 5: Medical Terminology
Abdominal Quadrants
Anatomic Position
Anatomy
Anterior
Four Divisions of the Abdomen Used to Pinpoint the Location o…
The Standard Reference Position for the Body in the Study of…
The Study of Body Structure
The Front of the Body or Body Part
Abdominal Quadrants
Four Divisions of the Abdomen Used to Pinpoint the Location o…
Anatomic Position
The Standard Reference Position for the Body in the Study of…
42 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5-Cardiology
Cardiology
Chambers of the heart
circulat/o
Cardiac
Study of the heart.
Left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, right ventricle.
Movement through a circular route (Combining Form).
Pertaining to the heart.
Cardiology
Study of the heart.
Chambers of the heart
Left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, right ventricle.
41 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
anter/o
caud/o
dors/o
infer/o
front
tail
back
inferior
anter/o
front
caud/o
tail
42 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
Right Atrium
Left Atrium
Left Ventricle
Right Ventricle
A chamber of the heart that receives oxygen depleted blood fr…
Chamber that receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary vei…
the chamber of the heart that receives arterial blood from th…
the chamber of the heart that receives venous blood from the…
Right Atrium
A chamber of the heart that receives oxygen depleted blood fr…
Left Atrium
Chamber that receives oxygenated blood from the pulmonary vei…
Chapter 5: Medical Terminology
anatomy
physiology
anatomic position
plane
the study of body structure
the study of body function
the standard reference position for the body in the study of…
a flat surface formed when slicing through an object
anatomy
the study of body structure
physiology
the study of body function
10 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
anxiolytic
paresis
neuralgia
syncope
a drug used to decrease anxiety
partial paralysis with varying degree of sensation and motor…
nerve pain
fainting or a loss of consciousness
anxiolytic
a drug used to decrease anxiety
paresis
partial paralysis with varying degree of sensation and motor…
102 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
ana-
-plasia
anter/o (anterior)
poster/o (posterior)
upward, excessive or again
development or formation of tissue
toward the front; ventral
toward the back; dorsal
ana-
upward, excessive or again
-plasia
development or formation of tissue
68 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
perianal
appendectomy
appendicitis
buccal mucosa
Pertaining to surrounding the anus
removal (resection) of the appendix.
Inflammation of the appendix
The mucous membrane (mucosa) lining the cheek.
perianal
Pertaining to surrounding the anus
appendectomy
removal (resection) of the appendix.
279 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Musculoskeletal System
a-
an-
brady-
Bones and Muscles work together to support the body and produ…
without, absence of
without, absence of
slow
Musculoskeletal System
Bones and Muscles work together to support the body and produ…
a-
without, absence of
143 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
skin
melanin
keratin
keratinization
the external covering of the body
the pigment that gives color to the skin, is formed in this l…
a protein substance
process where cells lose their nuclei and become hard or horny
skin
the external covering of the body
melanin
the pigment that gives color to the skin, is formed in this l…
Chapter 5 Medical terminology
Dyslexia
Hemiplegia
Microcephaly
Myelomeningocele
difficulty reading
paralysis on half the body
abnormally small head
a hernia of the spinal cord and meninges
Dyslexia
difficulty reading
Hemiplegia
paralysis on half the body
90 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Angi/o
Aort/o
Arteri/o
Ather/o
blood vessel
aorta (largest artery)
arteries
plaque, fatty substance
Angi/o
blood vessel
Aort/o
aorta (largest artery)
51 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
ana-
-plasia
anter/o
poster/o
upward, excessive, or again
development or formation of tissue
front, ventral
back, dorsal
ana-
upward, excessive, or again
-plasia
development or formation of tissue
121 terms
Medical terminology Chapter 5
absorption
amino acids
amylase
anus
Passage of materials through the wall of the small intestine…
Small building blocks of proteins, released when proteins are…
enzyme (-ase) secreted by the pancreas and salivary glands to…
Terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside…
absorption
Passage of materials through the wall of the small intestine…
amino acids
Small building blocks of proteins, released when proteins are…
80 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
Anesthesiology
Dermatology
Emergency medicine
Family practice
Administration of agents capable of bringing about a loss of…
Diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders
Care of patients that requires sudden and immediate action
Primary care of all members of the family on a continuing basis
Anesthesiology
Administration of agents capable of bringing about a loss of…
Dermatology
Diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders
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