Study sets matching "medical terminology body chapter 2"

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Study sets matching "medical terminology body chapter 2"

66 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 - Body Organization
Adip/o
Anter/o
Brachi/o
Cardi/o
fat
front
arm
heart
Adip/o
fat
Anter/o
front
95 terms
Medical Terminology: Organization of the Body Chapter 2
Elements Found in the Human Body
Anatomical Reference - Sagittal (Midsa…
Anatomical Reference - Transverse Plane
Anatomical Reference - Coronal (Fronta…
Aluminum (Al); Carbon (C); Calcium (Ca); Chlorine (Cl); Cobal…
Bisects the body vertically (up and down) through the mid-lin…
Bisects the body horizontally (left to right) while diving th…
Bisects the body vertically (up and down) while diving the bo…
Elements Found in the Human Body
Aluminum (Al); Carbon (C); Calcium (Ca); Chlorine (Cl); Cobal…
Anatomical Reference - Sagittal (Midsa…
Bisects the body vertically (up and down) through the mid-lin…
43 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 2, Terms Pertaining to the Body
abdomin/o
adip/o
anter/o
bol/o
abdomen
fat
front
to cast (throw)
abdomin/o
abdomen
adip/o
fat
78 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2-Terms Pertaining to the Body as a Whole
Dorsal
Inferior
Coronal Plane
Anterior
Pertaining to the posterior of the body.
Pertaining to the lower section of the human body, an organ o…
The front of the body. Also known as ventral.
Dorsal
Pertaining to the posterior of the body.
Inferior
Pertaining to the lower section of the human body, an organ o…
85 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 The Body in Health
abdominal cavity
abdominopelvic cavity
anatomical position
anatomy
Cavity that is surrounded by the diaphragm superiorly, the ab…
Continuous cavity formed by the abdominal and pelvic cavities
Standard position of the body for the purpose of study. The b…
The study of the structures of the human body
abdominal cavity
Cavity that is surrounded by the diaphragm superiorly, the ab…
abdominopelvic cavity
Continuous cavity formed by the abdominal and pelvic cavities
14 terms
Medical Terminology - Body Position (Chapter 2)
Superficial... example: the cut was super…
Deep
Apex... example: we hear the heart beat b…
Base... example: on the x-ray, a fracture…
more toward the surface of the body
further away from the surface of the body
tip or summit of an organ
bottom or lower part of an organ
Superficial... example: the cut was super…
more toward the surface of the body
Deep
further away from the surface of the body
26 terms
Medical Terminology - Body Systems (Chapter 2)
Nervous System
Nervous System Specialties
Special Senses (Nervous System)... -ophth…
Special Senses (Nervous System)... -otorh…
Structures: brain, spinal cord nerves... Function: receives sens…
-neurology... -neurosurgery
Structures: eye... Function: vision
Structures: ear... Function: hearing & balance
Nervous System
Structures: brain, spinal cord nerves... Function: receives sens…
Nervous System Specialties
-neurology... -neurosurgery
organization of the body chapter 2 medical terminology
cells
tissue
organs
systems
individual units found in all parts of the human body
similar cells grouped together to do a specific job
structures composed of several kinds of tissue
groups of organs working together to perform complex functions
cells
individual units found in all parts of the human body
tissue
similar cells grouped together to do a specific job
54 terms
Body Structure Chapter 2 Medical Terminology
abdomin/o
anter/o
caud/o
cephal/o
abdomen
anterior, front
tail
head
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
anterior, front
12 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 - Body
Abdominal cavity
cranial cavity
diaphragm
dorsal (posterior)
space below the chest containing organs such as the liver, st…
space in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the…
muscle separating the abdomen and thoracic cavities. The diap…
pertaining to the back
Abdominal cavity
space below the chest containing organs such as the liver, st…
cranial cavity
space in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the…
52 terms
Medical Terminology 1 Chapter 2 - Body Organization
abdomin/o
adip/o
anter/o
brachi/o
abdomen
fat
front
arm
abdomin/o
abdomen
adip/o
fat
24 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 (Body Structure Terms)
cytogenic
cytoid
cytology
cytoplasm
producing cells
resembling a cell
study of cells
cell substance
cytogenic
producing cells
cytoid
resembling a cell
87 terms
Chapter 2: Body Structure - Medical Terminology Simplified
chondr/o
cyt/o
hist/o
nucle/o
cartilage... chondr/oma: tumor composed of cartilage
cell... cyt/o/meter: instrument for counting and measuring cells
tissue... hist/o/lysis: separation; destruction; or loosening of…
nucleus... nucle/ar: pertaining to a nucleus
chondr/o
cartilage... chondr/oma: tumor composed of cartilage
cyt/o
cell... cyt/o/meter: instrument for counting and measuring cells
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 (Body Cavities)
Cranial Cavity
Spinal Cavity
Thoracic or chest cavity
Abdominal Cavity
Space inside the skull (cranium) containing the brain.
Space inside the spinal column containing the spinal cord.
Space containing the heart, aorta, lungs, esophagus trachea,…
Space containing the stomach, intestines, kidneys, adrenal gl…
Cranial Cavity
Space inside the skull (cranium) containing the brain.
Spinal Cavity
Space inside the spinal column containing the spinal cord.
91 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 - Body Structure
Body Cavities
Body Plane
Median, Midsagittal Plane
Horizontal, Transverse, Cross-sectiona…
Dorsal contains Cranial & Spinal ... Ventral contains Thoracic…
imaginary flat surface that divides body into two sections
Body Cavities
Dorsal contains Cranial & Spinal ... Ventral contains Thoracic…
Body Plane
imaginary flat surface that divides body into two sections
146 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2-Body Organization
abdomin/o
adip/o
brachi/o
cardi/o
abdomen
fat
arm
heart
abdomin/o
abdomen
adip/o
fat
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 Body Position Prefixes
ambi-:
amphi:
ante-:
anter/o-:
both
both sides
before
before
ambi-:
both
amphi:
both sides
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 Body Directions
ab-:
ad-:
circum-:
peri-:
from, away from
to, toward, near
around
around
ab-:
from, away from
ad-:
to, toward, near
MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY - CHAPTER 2 - BODY CAVITIES
BODY CAVITY
Ventral
Dorsal
Dorsal Cavities
Space within body with internal organs
Front
Back
Cranial, Spinal
BODY CAVITY
Space within body with internal organs
Ventral
Front
10 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 (Body Systems)
Integumentary System
Respiratory System
Urinary System
Reproductive System
Composed of skin, nails, and glands. Forms a protective cover…
Composed of nose, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trach…
Composed of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Removes w…
Female reproductive system is composed of ovaries iterine tub…
Integumentary System
Composed of skin, nails, and glands. Forms a protective cover…
Respiratory System
Composed of nose, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trach…
27 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 (Body Systems Only)
Skeletal System
Muscular System
Cardiovascular System
Lymphatic System
Bones, joints, cartilage
Muscles, fascia, and tendons
Heart, arteries, veins, capillaries, and blood
Lymph, lymphatic vessels, and lymph nodes
Skeletal System
Bones, joints, cartilage
Muscular System
Muscles, fascia, and tendons
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 Organization Of The Body
urinary system
endocrine system
musculoskeletal system
digestive system
produces urine and sends it out of the body
secretes hormones that are carried by blood to other organs
supports the body and helps it move
takes food into the body and breaks it down to be absorbed in…
urinary system
produces urine and sends it out of the body
endocrine system
secretes hormones that are carried by blood to other organs
123 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Anatomic Position
Midsagittal
Sagittal
Frontal
Standing straight, palms facing forward
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
This vertical plane divides the body into unequal left and ri…
This vertical plane aka the coronal divides the body into ant…
Anatomic Position
Standing straight, palms facing forward
Midsagittal
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
24 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2: Organization of the body.
abdomen/o
anter/o
bronch/o
cervic/o
abdomen
front
bronchial tubes (leading from the windpipe to the lungs)
neck of the body or neck (cervix) of the uterus.
abdomen/o
abdomen
anter/o
front
71 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2: Body Structure
combining form: chondr/o
combining form: cyt/o
suffix: -oma
combining form: hist/o
means: cartilage
means: cell
means: tumor
means: tissue
combining form: chondr/o
means: cartilage
combining form: cyt/o
means: cell
Medical Terminology Chapter 2: Body Cavities
Cranial cavity
Spinal cavity
Thoracic, or chest, cavity
Abdominal cavity
Space inside the skull (cranium) containing the brain.
Space inside the spinal column containing the spinal chord.
Space containing the heart, aorta, lungs, esophagus, trachea,…
Space containing the stomach, intestines, kidneys, adrenal gl…
Cranial cavity
Space inside the skull (cranium) containing the brain.
Spinal cavity
Space inside the spinal column containing the spinal chord.
Medical Terminology: Body Movements; Chapter 2
Abduction
Adduction
Extension
Flexion
a movement away from the base or core
a movement back in toward toward base or core
an opening or straightening of a limb or muscle
a bending or contraction of a limb or muscle
Abduction
a movement away from the base or core
Adduction
a movement back in toward toward base or core
Medical Terminology: Body Positions; Chapter 2
Supine or horizontal recumbent
Dorsal recumbent
Prone
Erect
lying flat in the back with the arms at the sides or above th…
lying on the back with the knees bent and feet flat on bed
lying on the stomach with the head turned to one side and the…
vertical or straight
Supine or horizontal recumbent
lying flat in the back with the arms at the sides or above th…
Dorsal recumbent
lying on the back with the knees bent and feet flat on bed
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 (Body Structure)
chondr/o
cyt/o
hist/o
nucle/o
cartilage
cell
tissue
nucleus
chondr/o
cartilage
cyt/o
cell
52 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2: Body Structure
Anterior (Ventral)
Anteroposterior
Inferior
Scan
Toward the front of the body, organ, or structure
Pertaining to the front and back of the body or passing from…
Pertaining to below, lower, or toward the tail
Process of using a moving device or a sweeping beam of radiat…
Anterior (Ventral)
Toward the front of the body, organ, or structure
Anteroposterior
Pertaining to the front and back of the body or passing from…
Medical Terminology - Chapter 2: Body Organization
Levels of Body Organization
Tissue
Muscle Tissue
Epithelial Tissue
Cells, tissues, organs, systems, the body
group of cells that does something specific for you
tissue that provides or produces movement, contracts, lengthe…
throughout the body and packed cells, covers and lines, prote…
Levels of Body Organization
Cells, tissues, organs, systems, the body
Tissue
group of cells that does something specific for you
5 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 2: Body Structure--Suffixes
-ac, -al, -ar, -iac, -ic, -ior
-ad
-logist
-logy
pertaining to
towards
specialist in study of
study of
-ac, -al, -ar, -iac, -ic, -ior
pertaining to
-ad
towards
38 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 2 Organization of the Body
abdomin/o
anter/o
bronch/o
cervic/o
abdomen
front
bronchial tubes
neck of the body or neck of the uterus
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
front
Medical Terminology: Chapter 2 Body Organization
abdomino
adipo
antero
branchio
abdomen
fat
front
arm
abdomino
abdomen
adipo
fat
Medical Terminology Chapter 2- Body Structure
cyt/o/genic
cyt/oid
cty/o/logy
cyt/o/plasm
producing cells
resembling a cell
study of a cell
cell substance
cyt/o/genic
producing cells
cyt/oid
resembling a cell
Medical Terminology Chapter 2: Body Structure
abdomin/o
anter/o
caud/o
cervic/o
abdomen
anterior, front
tail
neck; cervix uteri
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
anterior, front
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 Terms Describing Body Positions
superior
cephalic
inferior
caudal
above; pertaining to
head; pertaining to
below; pertaining to
tail; pertaining to
superior
above; pertaining to
cephalic
head; pertaining to
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Anatomic Position
Midsagittal
Sagittal
Frontal
Standing straight, palms facing forward
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
This vertical plane divides the body into unequal left and ri…
This vertical plane aka the coronal divides the body into ant…
Anatomic Position
Standing straight, palms facing forward
Midsagittal
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
Medical Terminology Chapter 2 Body Planes and Directions
coron/o
anter/o
dors/o
poster/0
structure that encircles like a crown
before /front
back dorsum
back part
coron/o
structure that encircles like a crown
anter/o
before /front
Medical Terminology: Chapter 2 Body Organization at a Glance
Body Organizational Levels
cells
tissues
systems
cells, tissues, organs, systems, body
basic units of life
group of identical cells working together
collection of organs working together
Body Organizational Levels
cells, tissues, organs, systems, body
cells
basic units of life
Medical Terminology Chapter 2: Body Systems
Integumentary System
Respiratory System
Urinary System
Reproductive System
Composed of skin, nails, and glands. Forms a protective cover…
Composed of nose, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trach…
Composed of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Removes w…
Female reproductive system is composed of ovaries, uterine tu…
Integumentary System
Composed of skin, nails, and glands. Forms a protective cover…
Respiratory System
Composed of nose, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trach…
Medical Terminology Chapter 2: Body Direction
Body direction
Ventral
Dorsal
Anterior
describes location of the body or organ
front, or belly side, of the body or organ
the back of the body or organ
in the front, on the front or forward part of an organ (anter…
Body direction
describes location of the body or organ
Ventral
front, or belly side, of the body or organ
Medical Terminology Chapter 2: Major Body Cavities
Body cavities
Dorsal cavity
Cranial cavity
Spinal cavity
the back (dorsal) and the front (ventral) cavities are spaces…
Made up of the cranial and spinal cavity, located along the b…
located within the skull, surrounding and protecting the skull
located within the spinal column, surrounding and protecting…
Body cavities
the back (dorsal) and the front (ventral) cavities are spaces…
Dorsal cavity
Made up of the cranial and spinal cavity, located along the b…
113 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 2
Anatomic Position
Midsagittal
Sagittal
Frontal
Standing straight, palms facing forward
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
This vertical plane divides the body into unequal left and ri…
This vertical plane aka the coronal divides the body into ant…
Anatomic Position
Standing straight, palms facing forward
Midsagittal
This vertical plane, aka the midline divides the body into eq…
Medical Terminology Chapter 2: Body Skin and Structure
Chondr/o
Cyt/o
Hist/o
Nucle/o
Cartilage
Cell
Tissue
nucleus
Chondr/o
Cartilage
Cyt/o
Cell
Medical Terminology Chapter 2- Body Structure
chondr/o
cyt/o
hist/o
nucle/o
cartilage
cell
tissue
nucleus
chondr/o
cartilage
cyt/o
cell
Medical Terminology Chapter 2: Body Structure
abdomin/o
anter/o
caud/o
cervic/o
abdomen
anterior, front
tail
neck; cervix uteri
abdomin/o
abdomen
anter/o
anterior, front
Medical Terminology: Chapter 2 - Body Cavities
Cranial cavity
Thoracic cavity
Pleural cavity
Mediastinum cavity
Brain, pituitary gland
Has 2 smaller cavities within it; Pleural and Mediastinum... Lun…
the space surrounding each lung; the pleura is a double-membr…
centrally located space outside of and between the lungs; con…
Cranial cavity
Brain, pituitary gland
Thoracic cavity
Has 2 smaller cavities within it; Pleural and Mediastinum... Lun…
Medical Terminology Chapter 2-Anatomy, body systems, body cavities
Cell
Cell Membrane
cytoplasm
nucleus
Basic Unit of all living things.
Form the boundary of the cell
gel-like fluid inside the cell
largest structure of cell, spherical and centrally located. c…
Cell
Basic Unit of all living things.
Cell Membrane
Form the boundary of the cell
Chapter 2 - - Systems of the body - Medical Terminology 206 -
integumentary
musculoskeletal
blood and lymphatic
cardiovascular
the skin, hair, sweat, and sebaceous glands provide a coverin…
bones form the framework of the body, support organs, and pro…
blood carries oxygen and other substances to body parts; the…
the heart pumps blood through the arteries and veins
integumentary
the skin, hair, sweat, and sebaceous glands provide a coverin…
musculoskeletal
bones form the framework of the body, support organs, and pro…
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