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Study sets matching "medical terminology chapter 10"

25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
mechano-
dynam-
osmo-
traumat-
machine
power
odor
wound
mechano-
machine
dynam-
power
20 terms
Chapter 10 Medical Terminology
ataxia
bradykinesia
cephalgia
cerebellar
a condition of no (decreased) activity
a condition of slow movement
pain in the head (headache)
pertaining to the posterior part of the brain that coordinate…
ataxia
a condition of no (decreased) activity
bradykinesia
a condition of slow movement
22 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 10
nucleus
chromosomes
tissue
connective tissue
"kernel" inside each cell that contains genes
DNA strands that contain the genes
group of specialized cells which function together
fibrous, binds together (i.e. skin, bone, muscle)
nucleus
"kernel" inside each cell that contains genes
chromosomes
DNA strands that contain the genes
41 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
RBC
WBC
anemia
Type AB
Red blood Cell
White Blood Cell
Condition where there is not enough red blood cells to carry…
Universal recipient
RBC
Red blood Cell
WBC
White Blood Cell
87 terms
Chapter 10 Medical Terminology
penis
glands penis
prepuce
scrotum
used in urination and sexual intercourse
bulbous tip of penis
skin covering glands penis
enclosed testes and epididymis
penis
used in urination and sexual intercourse
glands penis
bulbous tip of penis
39 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
Acetylcholine
Afferent nerve
Arachnoid membrane
Astrocyte
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerves.
Nerve that carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord.
Middle, spider like layer surrounding the brain and spinal co…
Glial cell that transports water and salts.
Acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerves.
Afferent nerve
Nerve that carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord.
222 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 10
Angi/o
Aort/o
Arteri/o
Ather/o
Vessel, vascular
Aorta
Artery
Fatty, fatty deposit
Angi/o
Vessel, vascular
Aort/o
Aorta
42 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
RBC
WBC
anemia
Type AB
Red blood Cell
White Blood Cell
Condition where there is not enough red blood cells to carry…
Universal recipient
RBC
Red blood Cell
WBC
White Blood Cell
84 terms
Chapter 10 Medical Terminology
arthr/o... (Combining form)
lamin/o... (Combining form)
myel/o... (Combining form)
orth/o... (Combining form)
Joint
Lamina
Bone marrow; spinal cord
Straight
arthr/o... (Combining form)
Joint
lamin/o... (Combining form)
Lamina
102 terms
Medical terminology chapter 10
function of the nervous system
EEG
sensory input
motor output
sensory imput, motor output, evaluation and integration, home…
Electroencephalogram
Afferent
efferent
function of the nervous system
sensory imput, motor output, evaluation and integration, home…
EEG
Electroencephalogram
100 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10 Vocab
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
arachnoid membrane
astrocyte
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
middle layer of the three membranes (meninges) that surround…
type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports water and sal…
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
53 terms
Unlocking Medical Terminology Chapter 10
brady-
endo-
epi-
inter-
slow
within
upon, over, above, on top
between
brady-
slow
endo-
within
31 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
CNS
PNS
nerve
neuron
Brain and Spinal Cord, Abbreviation for central nervous syste…
Peripheral Nervous System
any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tiss…
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
CNS
Brain and Spinal Cord, Abbreviation for central nervous syste…
PNS
Peripheral Nervous System
52 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
brady-
endo-
epi-
inter-
slow
within
upon, over, above, on top
between
brady-
slow
endo-
within
145 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
affer/o-
autonom/o-
nerv/o-
effer/o-
toward the center
independent; self-governing
nerve
away from the center
affer/o-
toward the center
autonom/o-
independent; self-governing
45 terms
Online Medical Terminology Chapter 10
A group of genetic diseases characteri…
The type of fracture that results when…
Opposite of osteosclerosis
Plural word
Muscular dystrophy
Impacted
Osteomalacia
Bursae
A group of genetic diseases characteri…
Muscular dystrophy
The type of fracture that results when…
Impacted
68 terms
Chapter 10 Medical Terminology
Cerebr
Concuss
Encephala
Mening
Cerebrum, brain
Shaken together, violently agitated
Brain
Membranes, meninges
Cerebr
Cerebrum, brain
Concuss
Shaken together, violently agitated
32 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
amyl
angin
aort
arct
starch
choking pain
aorta
compress
amyl
starch
angin
choking pain
77 terms
Chapter 10 medical terminology
Alges/o
Angi/o
Cause/o
Cephal/o
Sensitivity to pain
Pain
Burning
Head
Alges/o
Sensitivity to pain
Angi/o
Pain
30 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 10
cerebello
cerebro
duro
encephalo
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura matter
brain
cerebello
cerebellum
cerebro
cerebrum
153 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 10
Acetylcholine
Afferent nerves
Akinetic
Analgesia
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells.
Carry nervous impulses toward the brain and spinal cord; sens…
Pertaining to loss or absence of voluntary movement.
Absence of sensitivity to pain.
Acetylcholine
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells.
Afferent nerves
Carry nervous impulses toward the brain and spinal cord; sens…
50 terms
Chapter 10 - Medical Terminology
1/100, 0.01, one hundredth
one
none
1,000 or one thousand
centi
uni-, mono-
nulli-
kilo-
1/100, 0.01, one hundredth
centi
one
uni-, mono-
103 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
Areola
Pubic Region
Mammary Glands
Bartholin's Glands
The pigmented area around the nipple of the breast
the genital region of the body
milk producing glands to provide nutrition for the newborn
glands located on either side of the vaginal opening that sec…
Areola
The pigmented area around the nipple of the breast
Pubic Region
the genital region of the body
27 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 10
Rhin-
Nas-
Sept-
Sin- Sinus-
Nose
Nost
Septum
Sinus
Rhin-
Nose
Nas-
Nost
220 terms
Chapter 10 -- Medical Terminology
a-
actin-
allo-
an-
without
ray, radiation
other, different
without
a-
without
actin-
ray, radiation
214 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 10
Cardiac Cycle
Cardiovascular System
Heart
Apex
One complete heartbeat that includes contraction and relaxati…
Composed of the heart and blood vessels that deliver oxygen a…
Hollow muscular organ that receives blood from the veins and…
The lower pointed end of the heart formed by the left ventricle
Cardiac Cycle
One complete heartbeat that includes contraction and relaxati…
Cardiovascular System
Composed of the heart and blood vessels that deliver oxygen a…
44 terms
Chapter 10 Medical Terminology
ab-
aniso-
auto-
centi-
away from
unequal
self
one hundredth
ab-
away from
aniso-
unequal
344 terms
medical terminology chapter 10
central nervous system
peripheral nervous system
nerve
tract
includes the brain and spinal cord. it receives and processes…
includes the 12 pairs of cranial nerves extending from the br…
one or more bundles of neurons that connect the brain and the…
a bundle or group of nerve fibers located within the brain or…
central nervous system
includes the brain and spinal cord. it receives and processes…
peripheral nervous system
includes the 12 pairs of cranial nerves extending from the br…
174 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 10 Musculoskeletal System
ligaments
tendon
adduction/abduction
flexion/extension
-connect bone to bone... -stabilize joints... -composed mostly of l…
-connect muscle to bone... -tough, yet flexible, bands of fibrou…
ligaments
-connect bone to bone... -stabilize joints... -composed mostly of l…
tendon
-connect muscle to bone... -tough, yet flexible, bands of fibrou…
101 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 10
acetylcholine
afferent nerve
-ferent
arachnoid membrane
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
carrying
middle layer of the three membranes (meninges) that surround…
acetylcholine
neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends of nerve cells
afferent nerve
carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
163 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10-Nervous System
Neurology
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Study of the nerves.
Made of the brain and spinal cord.
Made of the cranial and spinal nerves and their branches ther…
A branch of the peripheral nervous system that reaches the he…
Neurology
Study of the nerves.
Central Nervous System
Made of the brain and spinal cord.
57 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
Tendon
Ligament
Kinesi/o
Kinesiology
Connective tissue fibers that form a cord (attaches muscles t…
Connective tissue (attaches one bone to another)
Movement
Study of movement
Tendon
Connective tissue fibers that form a cord (attaches muscles t…
Ligament
Connective tissue (attaches one bone to another)
15 terms
Chapter 10 Medical Terminology
Caus/o
Cerebr/o
Concuss/o
Contus/o
Burning, bum
Cerebrum, brain
Shaken together, violently agitated
Bruise
Caus/o
Burning, bum
Cerebr/o
Cerebrum, brain
161 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
Gynecology
Neonatology
Obstetrics
Amenorrhea
Branch of medicine specializing in conditions of the female r…
Study of the newborn.
Obstetrics- Branch of medicine that treats women during pregn…
Absence of menstruation, which can be the result of many fact…
Gynecology
Branch of medicine specializing in conditions of the female r…
Neonatology
Study of the newborn.
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
mechano-
dynam-
osmo-
traumat-
machine
power
odor
wound
mechano-
machine
dynam-
power
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
mechano-
dynam-
osmo-
traumat-
machine
power
odor
wound
mechano-
machine
dynam-
power
89 terms
Introduction to Medical Terminology, Chapter 10
Brain
Spinal Cord
Nerves (job)
Sensory Organs
coordinates all body activities by receiving and transmitting…
transmits nerve impulses between the brain, arms, legs and lo…
receives and transmits messages to and from all parts of the…
receives external stimulation and transmits this stimuli to t…
Brain
coordinates all body activities by receiving and transmitting…
Spinal Cord
transmits nerve impulses between the brain, arms, legs and lo…
240 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
arthro
catatonic schizophrenia
cerebello
paranoid schizophrenia
articulation
featuring catatonia
cerebellum (little brain)
featuring delusions, most often persecutory or grandiose types
arthro
articulation
catatonic schizophrenia
featuring catatonia
42 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 10
cyst/o
glomerul/o
hemat/o
hydr/o
bladder, sac
glomerulus
blood
water, fluid
cyst/o
bladder, sac
glomerul/o
glomerulus
147 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 10
nerv/o
peripher/o
crani/o
cav/o
nerve
outer aspects
cranium; skull
hollow space
nerv/o
nerve
peripher/o
outer aspects
100 terms
Chapter 10 Medical Terminology
esthet/o
encephal
contus/o
psych/o
feeling
brain
bruise
mind
esthet/o
feeling
encephal
brain
113 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
ova
breasts
internal genitalia
external genitalia
female reproductive cells; egg
provide nourishment for the newborn
___ ____ consist of the uterus, two ovaries, two uterine tube…
___ ___ consist of the vulva
ova
female reproductive cells; egg
breasts
provide nourishment for the newborn
127 terms
Medical terminology chapter 10
Acetylcholine
Afferent nerve
Arachnoid membrane
Astrocyte
Neurotransmitters chemicals released at the ends of nerve cells
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
Middle layer of the three membranes (meninges) that surround…
Type of glial (neuroglial) cell that transports water and sal…
Acetylcholine
Neurotransmitters chemicals released at the ends of nerve cells
Afferent nerve
Carries messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory ne…
15 terms
Chapter 10: Medical Terminology
caus/o
concuss/o
contus/o
encephal/o
burning, burn
shaken together, violently agitated
bruise
brain
caus/o
burning, burn
concuss/o
shaken together, violently agitated
161 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 10: Pulmonology
Pulmonology
alveol/o
bronch/o
bronchi/o
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting…
alveolus (air sac)
bronchus
bronchus
Pulmonology
Diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting…
alveol/o
alveolus (air sac)
105 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
cost/o
-osis
steth/o
-logist
ribs
condition
chest
specialist in the study of
cost/o
ribs
-osis
condition
140 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
dia-
dys-
re-
bil/i
through (prefix)
bad, abnormal, painful, difficult (prefix)
back (prefix)
bile
dia-
through (prefix)
dys-
bad, abnormal, painful, difficult (prefix)
medical terminology chapter 10
caus/o
cerebr/o
concuss/o
contus/o
burning, burn
cerebrum, brain
shaken together, violently agitated
bruise
caus/o
burning, burn
cerebr/o
cerebrum, brain
100 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 10
Erythropoetin
Urea
Urology
-ation
Protein triggering RBC production
Final product of protein metabolism, major nitrogenous waste…
Studies the male genital tract and male/female urinary tracts
Process
Erythropoetin
Protein triggering RBC production
Urea
Final product of protein metabolism, major nitrogenous waste…
33 terms
medical terminology: chapter 10
cerebell/o
cerebr/o
dur/o
encephal/o
cerebellum
cerebrum
dura mater
brain
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum
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