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148 terms
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
Aut/o
Bi/o
Coni/o
Crypt/o
Self
Life
Dust
Hidden
Aut/o
Self
Bi/o
Life
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Ligament
Tendons
Abduction
Adduction
-very strong bands of connective tissue that bind bones toget…
-the strong connective tissue cords that attach skeletal musc…
directional term meaning to move away from the median or midd…
movement towards the body
Ligament
-very strong bands of connective tissue that bind bones toget…
Tendons
-the strong connective tissue cords that attach skeletal musc…
148 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Aut/o
Bi/o
Coni/o
Crypt/o
Self
Life
Dust
Hidden
Aut/o
Self
Bi/o
Life
112 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Upper respiratory tract
Lower respiratory tract
andenoid/o (root)
laryng/o (root)
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea
left and right bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, lungs
adenoids
larynx (voice box)
Upper respiratory tract
nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea
Lower respiratory tract
left and right bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, lungs
67 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
carp/o
cost/o
cutane/o
dactyl/o
wrist bones
rib
skin
fingers, toes
carp/o
wrist bones
cost/o
rib
160 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
muscle fibers
fascia
myofascial
tendon
long, slender cells that make up muscles
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
pertaining to muscle tissue and fascia
Connects muscle to bone
muscle fibers
long, slender cells that make up muscles
fascia
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
115 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
a,an
ab
ad
ana
without
away from
toward
up, apart
a,an
without
ab
away from
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
benign
contra-
odont-
-esthesia
mild, not cancerous
against, counter
tooth
sensation, feeling
benign
mild, not cancerous
contra-
against, counter
47 terms
Medical terminology Chapter 4
anastomosis
caud/o
cauterize
cervic/o
Formation of an opening between two hollow vessels
Tail
Process of burning tissue by thermal heat, electricity, laser…
neck, cervix
anastomosis
Formation of an opening between two hollow vessels
caud/o
Tail
101 terms
chapter 4, medical terminology
homeostasis
disease
pathological
signs
stable environment that provides a narrow range of temperatur…
the condition when homeostatis is disrupted, cells, tissues,…
involving, caused by, or of the nature of a physical or menta…
objective indicators that are observable
homeostasis
stable environment that provides a narrow range of temperatur…
disease
the condition when homeostatis is disrupted, cells, tissues,…
60 terms
Medical terminology chapter 4
abduction
adduction
adhesion
ataxia
the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body.
the movement of a limb toward the midline of the body.
a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnor…
the lack of muscle coordination during voluntary movement
abduction
the movement of a limb away from the midline of the body.
adduction
the movement of a limb toward the midline of the body.
79 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Abdominocentesis
Abduct
Abduction
Aberrant
surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove fluid.
move away from the midline (verb)
movement away from the midline, e.g., arm abducted from side.
wandering from normal location, process, or behavior
Abdominocentesis
surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove fluid.
Abduct
move away from the midline (verb)
23 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 4
aperture
cavity
constriction
dilation
opening
hollow place
make something narrow
make widened
aperture
opening
cavity
hollow place
chapter 4 medical terminology
abdomain
aden
aer
alveol
abdomer
gland
air, oxygen:gas
aveolus
abdomain
abdomer
aden
gland
100 terms
Medical terminology Chapter 4
Carp/o
Cis/o
Cib/o
Cost/o
wrist bones
to cut
meals
rib
Carp/o
wrist bones
Cis/o
to cut
218 terms
chapter 4 medical terminology
carp/o
cib/o
cis/o
cost/o
wrist bones
meals
to cut
rib
carp/o
wrist bones
cib/o
meals
32 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Dx
Px
Acute
Chronic
Diagnosis/Identification of disease
Prognosis/Outcome of disease
Lasting a short period of time
Lasting a long period of time
Dx
Diagnosis/Identification of disease
Px
Prognosis/Outcome of disease
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
kinesi/o
-cele
fibr/o
fasci/o
movement, motion
hernia, swelling
fibrous connective tissue
fascia
kinesi/o
movement, motion
-cele
hernia, swelling
20 terms
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
abductor
adductor
anteflexion
anoxia
one who away from the lead; leads away from the body
one who toward to lead; leads toward the body
process of forward bending
condition of no oxygen
abductor
one who away from the lead; leads away from the body
adductor
one who toward to lead; leads toward the body
219 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
chromatin
chromosome
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
diaphragm
structural component of the nucleus, composed of nucleic acid
threadlike structures within the nucleus composed by deoxyrib…
molecule that holds genetic information of replicating and pr…
muscular wall that divides the thoracic cavity from the abdom…
chromatin
structural component of the nucleus, composed of nucleic acid
chromosome
threadlike structures within the nucleus composed by deoxyrib…
215 terms
medical terminology chapter 4
musculoskeletal system
muscle fibers
fascia (plural, fasciae or fascias)
myofascial
the muscular and skeletal system combined
the long, slender cells that make up muscles. they are connec…
a band of connective tissue that envelops, separates, or bind…
means pertaining to muscle tissue and fascia
musculoskeletal system
the muscular and skeletal system combined
muscle fibers
the long, slender cells that make up muscles. they are connec…
10 terms
Medical Terminology chapter 4
coccyx
cartilage
scoliosis
osteomyelitis
tailbone
connective tissue
condition
inflammation
coccyx
tailbone
cartilage
connective tissue
45 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
my/o, myos/o
fasci/o
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
tendon
muscle
fascia
tendons
attaches muscle to bone
my/o, myos/o
muscle
fasci/o
fascia
78 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Pulmonary
respiration
thoracic
vascular
pertaining to the lungs or respiratory system
molecular exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the bo…
pertaining to the thorax or thoracic cage (bony enclosure for…
pertaining to blood vessels
Pulmonary
pertaining to the lungs or respiratory system
respiration
molecular exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the bo…
16 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 4
cardiopuliminary
respiratory system
nasal cavity
respiratory
pertaining to the heart and lungs... cardi/o - heart... pulmun/o lu…
Body system that bring oxygen into the body and expels carbon…
hollow area inside the nose
re- again and again... spir/o- breathe... -atory pertaining to
cardiopuliminary
pertaining to the heart and lungs... cardi/o - heart... pulmun/o lu…
respiratory system
Body system that bring oxygen into the body and expels carbon…
219 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
The outer covering of the cell which h…
The 3 most common parts of the cell are
3 functions of the cell's nucleus
an unspecialized cell that can turn it…
cell membrane
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
1. metabolism... 2. growth... 3. reproduction
embryonic cell
The outer covering of the cell which h…
cell membrane
The 3 most common parts of the cell are
1. cell membrane... 2. cytoplasm... 3. nucleus
197 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
muscle fibers
fascia
myofascial
myo/ muscul
long, slender cells that make up muscles
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
pertaining to muscle tissue and fascia
muscle
muscle fibers
long, slender cells that make up muscles
fascia
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, sup…
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
lobo
emesis
contra
iasis
section
vomiting
against
condition
lobo
section
emesis
vomiting
148 terms
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
Aut/o
Bi/o
Coni/o
Crypt/o
Self
Life
Dust
Hidden
Aut/o
Self
Bi/o
Life
148 terms
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
Aut/o
Bi/o
Coni/o
Crypt/o
Self
Life
Dust
Hidden
Aut/o
Self
Bi/o
Life
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Diagnosis
Prognosis
acute
chronic
identification of a disease or condition by scientific evalua…
predicted outcome
short and severe
exists over long time
Diagnosis
identification of a disease or condition by scientific evalua…
Prognosis
predicted outcome
137 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Epidermis
Keratin
melanin
Dermis (also called the true skin)
Outer layer of skin
horny, or cornified, layer composed of protein. It is contain…
color, or pigmentation, of the skin
inner layer of skin
Epidermis
Outer layer of skin
Keratin
horny, or cornified, layer composed of protein. It is contain…
124 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Cardi/o-
Pulmon/o-
Spir/o-
Mucos/o-
heart
lung
breathe
mucous
Cardi/o-
heart
Pulmon/o-
lung
48 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
aut
crin
esthe
gen
self
secrete, secretion
sensation, sensitivity, sense
come into being, produce
aut
self
crin
secrete, secretion
99 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 4
Cell
Cell Membrane
Nucleus
Chromosomes
Smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter.
Cell's outer covering. Semipermeable barrier that allows cert…
Enclosed within the cell Membrane.
Molecules of deoxyribonucleic acid (A.K.A. DNA) controls func…
Cell
Smallest and most numerous structural unit of living matter.
Cell Membrane
Cell's outer covering. Semipermeable barrier that allows cert…
122 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
ankyl/o
articul/o
brachi/o
cervic/o
crooked or stiff
joint
arm
neck
ankyl/o
crooked or stiff
articul/o
joint
41 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Trich-
Capit-
Cephal-
Faci-
Hair
Head
Head
Face
Trich-
Hair
Capit-
Head
62 terms
Chapter 4: Medical Terminology
ATP
Carbohydrate
Cell
Chromosome
The energy compound of the cell that stores energy needed for…
The category of organic compounds that includes sugars and st…
The basic structural and functional unit of the living organi…
A thread like body in a cell's nucleus that contains genetic…
ATP
The energy compound of the cell that stores energy needed for…
Carbohydrate
The category of organic compounds that includes sugars and st…
100 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4 - Key Terms
3 layers of skin
type of tissue in epidermis
type of tissue in dermis
type of tissue in subcutaneous layer
epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer
epithelial tissue
connective tissue
adipose tissue
3 layers of skin
epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous layer
type of tissue in epidermis
epithelial tissue
13 terms
Chapter 4 Medical Terminology
ech/o, son/o
electr/o
fluor/o
radi/o
sound
electricity
emitting or reflecting light
radiant energy (sometimes, a bone of the forearm)
ech/o, son/o
sound
electr/o
electricity
110 terms
Medical terminology chapter 4
Carp/o
Cib/o
Cis/o
Cost/o
Wrist bones
Meals
To cut
Rib
Carp/o
Wrist bones
Cib/o
Meals
44 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Cardiopulmonary
Respiratory System
Mucosa
Nasal Cavity
pertain to the heart and lungs
Know as respiratory tract, brings oxygen into the body and ge…
Mucous membrane that lines the entire respiratory system. It…
hollow are inside the nose
Cardiopulmonary
pertain to the heart and lungs
Respiratory System
Know as respiratory tract, brings oxygen into the body and ge…
15 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Bi-
-cele
Dys-
Fasci/o
Twice, double, two
Protrusion (hernia)
Bad, difficult, or painful
Fascia, fibrous band
Bi-
Twice, double, two
-cele
Protrusion (hernia)
101 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 4
carpo
cibo
ciso
costo
wrist bones
meals
to cut
rib
carpo
wrist bones
cibo
meals
158 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Epidermis
Dermis
Subcutaneous Layer
Adipocytes
Outer layer of skin; waterproof layer that functions as prote…
Deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; al…
Layer of loose connective tissue that connects the skin to th…
Fat cells that make up most of the subcutaneous layer.
Epidermis
Outer layer of skin; waterproof layer that functions as prote…
Dermis
Deep layer of skin that contains the sweat and oil glands; al…
183 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 4
In anatomical positionn, the:
What cellular structure provides a spe…
What tissue type covers surfaces on or…
Which directional term refers to lying…
Body is erect and the eyes are looking forward
Organelle
Epithelial
Prone
In anatomical positionn, the:
Body is erect and the eyes are looking forward
What cellular structure provides a spe…
Organelle
22 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
Levels of Organization
Cell
Cytology is...
Cell Membrane
-Cell ... -Tissue... -Organ... -System... -Organism
-Smallest structural and functional unit of life... -Perform all…
The study of the body at the cellular level
Acts as a barrier that supports and protects the intracellula…
Levels of Organization
-Cell ... -Tissue... -Organ... -System... -Organism
Cell
-Smallest structural and functional unit of life... -Perform all…
87 terms
Medical Terminology chapter 4
closed reduction
open reduction
complicated break
comminuted
surgery where bone is broken but is not coming through skin
surgery where a bone has been broken and is breaking through…
an extensive soft tissue injury such as a broken rib piercing…
bone is crushed in several place
closed reduction
surgery where bone is broken but is not coming through skin
open reduction
surgery where a bone has been broken and is breaking through…
93 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
cervical
thoracic
lumbar and sacral
brachio
neck section
chest/upper back section
lower back
upper arm
cervical
neck section
thoracic
chest/upper back section
63 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 4
abdomen/o
anter/o
brachi/o
cardi/o
abdomen
front
arm
heart
abdomen/o
abdomen
anter/o
front
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