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Study sets matching "medical terminology chapter 5 body"

126 terms
Medical Terminology, Cohen Chapter 5 (Body Structure)
cephal/o-
cervic/o-
thorac/o-
abdomin/o-
head
neck
chest or thorax
abdomen
cephal/o-
head
cervic/o-
neck
72 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5 (Body Structure)
anatomical position
frontal plane/coronal plane
sagittal plane
midsagittal/medial plane
upright, face front, arms at side with palms forward, and fee…
divides body into anterior and posterior parts
divides body into left and right portions
plane passes through midline
anatomical position
upright, face front, arms at side with palms forward, and fee…
frontal plane/coronal plane
divides body into anterior and posterior parts
33 terms
SLMagMac Cohen, Medical Terminology, Chapter 5 (Body Structure)
cephal/o-
cervic/o-
thorac/o-
abdomin/o-
head
neck
chest or thorax
abdomen
cephal/o-
head
cervic/o-
neck
119 terms
Medical Terminology-Chapter 5 Body Structure
anatomic position
decubitus position
dorsal recumbent position
Fowler position
standing erect, facing forward arms at sides, palm forward, l…
lying down, specifically according to the part of the body re…
on back, with legs bent and separated, feet flat, used for ob…
on back, head of bed raised about 18 inches, knees elevated;…
anatomic position
standing erect, facing forward arms at sides, palm forward, l…
decubitus position
lying down, specifically according to the part of the body re…
28 terms
Chapter 5- Medical Terminology
abduction
adduction
anterior
apex (pleural space)
motion of a limb away from the midline
motion of a limb toward the midline
the front surface of the body; the side facing you in the sta…
the pointed extremity of a conical structure
abduction
motion of a limb away from the midline
adduction
motion of a limb toward the midline
49 terms
chapter 5 medical terminology: body organization
superior or cranial
inferior or caudal
anterior or ventral
posterior or dorsal
above; toward the head
below; toward the lower
front surface of the body; belly side of the body
back surface of the body
superior or cranial
above; toward the head
inferior or caudal
below; toward the lower
33 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 Roots Parts of the body
an/o
append/o, appendic/o
bucc/o
cec/o
anus
appendix
cheek
cecum
an/o
anus
append/o, appendic/o
appendix
26 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Osteocyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Osteocyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
25 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
ovar-
-centesis
oto-
bili-
egg (egg the female reproductive cell)
puncture
ear
bile
ovar-
egg (egg the female reproductive cell)
-centesis
puncture
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Aorta
Artery
Arterioles
Capillary Beds
-Granddaddy... -the largest artery in the body. It is located in…
-Daddy... -the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
-Baby... -the smallest branches of the arteries. They carry bloo…
-this is where perfusion occurs... -perfusion: what goes into th…
Aorta
-Granddaddy... -the largest artery in the body. It is located in…
Artery
-Daddy... -the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
39 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5 Part of The Body
an/o
append/o
appendic/o
bucc/o
anus
appendix
appendix
cheek
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
38 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Oste/o/cyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Oste/o/cyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
13 terms
Chapter 5 Academic Knowledge: Medical Terminology and Body Organization
abdominal region
anatomy
body cavity
body plane
one of nine equal areas of the abdomen that are named and use…
the physical structures or parts of the body
a hollow space within the body that is lined by a membrane an…
a flat or level surface seen by cutting away part of the body…
abdominal region
one of nine equal areas of the abdomen that are named and use…
anatomy
the physical structures or parts of the body
37 terms
chapter 5 medical terminology parts of the body
an/o
append/o... appendic/o
bucc/o
cec/o
anus
appendix
cheek
cecum
an/o
anus
append/o... appendic/o
appendix
12 terms
medical terminology: chapter 5 the body as a whole
aplasia
dysplasia
hypoplasia
hyperplasia
lack of development of an organ or tissue
any abnormal development of tissues
underdevelopment of an organ or a tissue
an abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in tissues
aplasia
lack of development of an organ or tissue
dysplasia
any abnormal development of tissues
26 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Osteocyte
Osteo-
cyte
Atrophy
Mature Bone Cell
bone
cell
wasting of bone tissue
Osteocyte
Mature Bone Cell
Osteo-
bone
128 terms
Chapter 5 Medical terminology systems a body system approach
integument
androgen
ductule
homeostasis
the skin (the largest organ in the body)
generic term for an agent that stimulates development of male…
very small duct
state in which the regulatory mechanisms of the body maintain…
integument
the skin (the largest organ in the body)
androgen
generic term for an agent that stimulates development of male…
52 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5: The Body As A Whole
ana-
-plasia
anter/o
poster/o
upward, excessive, or again
development or formation of tissue
front, ventral
back, dorsal
ana-
upward, excessive, or again
-plasia
development or formation of tissue
157 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
angi/o (root)
aneurysm/o (root)
aort/o (root)
arteri/o (root)
vessel, usually blood or lymph
widening, widened blood vessel
aorta
artery
angi/o (root)
vessel, usually blood or lymph
aneurysm/o (root)
widening, widened blood vessel
128 terms
Chapter 5 Medical terminology systems a body system approach
integument
androgen
ductule
homeostasis
the skin (the largest organ in the body)
generic term for an agent that stimulates development of male…
very small duct
state in which the regulatory mechanisms of the body maintain…
integument
the skin (the largest organ in the body)
androgen
generic term for an agent that stimulates development of male…
35 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
cutane/o
hidr/o
hydr/o
ichthy/o
Skin
Sweat
water
dry, scaly (fish-like)
cutane/o
Skin
hidr/o
Sweat
112 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 5-The Body as a Whole
Organization of the body
stem cells
somatic cells
4 main types of tissue
atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, body sy…
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
cells of the body
epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous
Organization of the body
atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, body sy…
stem cells
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
44 terms
Medical terminology chapter 5 The Body as a Whole - MTC
Somatic cell
Ana
Plasia
Anter/o, anterior
Nerve cells, muscle cells, and blood cells at different types…
Upward, excessive or again
Development or formation of tissue
Nearer to or toward the front; ventral
Somatic cell
Nerve cells, muscle cells, and blood cells at different types…
Ana
Upward, excessive or again
171 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
Acidosis
Acne Vulgaris
Addiction
Alkalosis
an abnormal increase in the acidity of body fluids
a skin condition that occurs due to the overproduction of oil…
physical or psychological dependence on a chemical substance,…
an abnormally high alkalinity of the blood
Acidosis
an abnormal increase in the acidity of body fluids
Acne Vulgaris
a skin condition that occurs due to the overproduction of oil…
17 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 5: Integumentary (connecting Body Systems)
Blood, lymph & immune
cardiovascular
Digestive
Endocrine
skin is the first line of defense against the invasion of pat…
cutaneous blood vessels dilate & constrict to help regulate t…
Skin absorbs vitamin D (produced when skin is exposed to sunl…
subcutaneous layer of the skin stores adipose tissue when ins…
Blood, lymph & immune
skin is the first line of defense against the invasion of pat…
cardiovascular
cutaneous blood vessels dilate & constrict to help regulate t…
84 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5 The Body as a Whole
anter/o
poster/o
vent/o
dors/o
anterior - nearer to or toward the front; ventral
posterior - nearer to or toward the back; dorsal; situated be…
ventral - belly side; same as anterior surface in humans
dorsal - directed toward or situated on the beside; same as p…
anter/o
anterior - nearer to or toward the front; ventral
poster/o
posterior - nearer to or toward the back; dorsal; situated be…
222 terms
Chapter 5 - Medical Terminology
Nose
Nasal Septum
Paranasal sinuses
pharynx
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
air cavities within the cranial bones that open into the nasa…
serves as a food and air passageway. Air enters from the nasa…
Nose
lined with mucous membrane and fine hairs; it acts as a filte…
Nasal Septum
partition separating the right and left nasal cavities
62 terms
Medical Terminology, Chapter 5
uni
bi
di
tri
one
two
double
three
uni
one
bi
two
126 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
Introduction to the digestive or gastr…
Ingestion & Digestion
Absorption
Elimination
The digestive system has four main functions:... ∙Ingestion = to…
∙Ingestion = food material taken into the mouth.... ∙Digestion =…
∙Digested food passes into the bloodstream through lining cel…
∙The body eliminates solid waste materials that cannot be abs…
Introduction to the digestive or gastr…
The digestive system has four main functions:... ∙Ingestion = to…
Ingestion & Digestion
∙Ingestion = food material taken into the mouth.... ∙Digestion =…
30 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
angi/o
aorta
Artery
plaque or fatty substance
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
aort/o
aorta
arteri/o
Artery
130 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
achondroplasia
ankylosis
arthritis
arthrochondritis
abnormal slow growth of long bones; results in unusually shor…
abnormal condition of joint stiffness
inflammation and degeneration of a joint
inflammation of cartilages within joints
achondroplasia
abnormal slow growth of long bones; results in unusually shor…
ankylosis
abnormal condition of joint stiffness
220 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
kerat/o
vuls/o
xer/o
plasty
horn
to pull
dry
surgical repair
kerat/o
horn
vuls/o
to pull
158 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
stem cells
somatic cell
muscular system
skeletal system
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
all the body's cells except for the reproductive cells; has 2…
makes movement possible
provides protection, form, and shape for the body; stores min…
stem cells
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
somatic cell
all the body's cells except for the reproductive cells; has 2…
289 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
vascul
cardio
ar
apex
blood vessels
heart
pretaining to
vascul
blood vessels
cardio
heart
20 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
amylase
cecum
celiac
colonoscopy
an enzyme of starch
a structure of the first part of the colon
pertaining to the abdomen (belly)
visual examination of a portion of the large intestine
amylase
an enzyme of starch
cecum
a structure of the first part of the colon
55 terms
Phlebotomy: chapter 5: basic medical terminology: body system
Anter/o
Dist/o
Dors/o
Katy/o
Front, before
Distant
Back
Nucleus
Anter/o
Front, before
Dist/o
Distant
128 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
lord/o
zygo-
carp/o
ped/o
swayback, curve
joined (yoked) together
wrist
foot, child
lord/o
swayback, curve
zygo-
joined (yoked) together
60 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
angina
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wall…
chest pain
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
62 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
Lacrimation
Acral
Blepharal
Dacryolithiasis
crying
pertaining to extremities
pertaining to the eyelid
presence of tear stones
Lacrimation
crying
Acral
pertaining to extremities
42 terms
Chapter 5 - Medical Terminology
syndrome
tympanoplasty
dyspnea
pathogenic
symptoms that occur together
surgical repair of the eardrum
difficult or painful breathing
disease producing
syndrome
symptoms that occur together
tympanoplasty
surgical repair of the eardrum
42 terms
Medical Terminology Chapter 5-Cardiology
Cardiology
Chambers of the heart
circulat/o
Cardiac
Study of the heart.
Left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, right ventricle.
Movement through a circular route (Combining Form).
Pertaining to the heart.
Cardiology
Study of the heart.
Chambers of the heart
Left atrium, right atrium, left ventricle, right ventricle.
32 terms
Chapter 5 - Medical Terminology
Abdominal Quadrants
Anatomic Position
Anatomy
Anterior
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
The study of body structure
The front of the body or body part
Abdominal Quadrants
Four divisions of the abdomen used to pinpoint the location o…
Anatomic Position
The standard reference position for the body in the study of…
55 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 5
an/o
append/o
appendic/o
bucc/o
anus
appendix
appendix
cheek
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
90 terms
Medical Terminology: Chapter 5-The Body as a Whole
Organization of the body
stem cells
somatic cells
4 main types of tissue
atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, body sy…
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
cells of the body
epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous
Organization of the body
atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organs, body sy…
stem cells
cells that have the ability to divide without limit and give…
224 terms
Chapter 5 Medical Terminology
abdomen/o-
ablat/o-
anastom/o-
aneurysm/o-
abdomen
take away; destroy
create an opening between two structures
aneurysm (dilation)
abdomen/o-
abdomen
ablat/o-
take away; destroy
284 terms
medical terminology chapter 5
cardiovascular
cardi/o
vascul
blood
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
means heart
mean blood vessels
a tissue that transports oxygen and nutrients to the body tis…
cardiovascular
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
cardi/o
means heart
Medical Terminology chapter 5
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
arther/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
artery
plaque,fatty substance
angi/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
30 terms
Medical Terminology - Chapter 5
ACE inhibitor
anemia
aneurysm
angina
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
localized weak spot, or balloon-like enlargement, of the wall…
chest pain
ACE inhibitor
blocks the action of the enzyme that causes the blood vessels…
anemia
lower than normal number of erythrocytes in the blood
32 terms
Chapter 5: Medical Terminology
Abdominal Quadrants
Anatomic Position
Anatomy
Anterior
Four Divisions of the Abdomen Used to Pinpoint the Location o…
The Standard Reference Position for the Body in the Study of…
The Study of Body Structure
The Front of the Body or Body Part
Abdominal Quadrants
Four Divisions of the Abdomen Used to Pinpoint the Location o…
Anatomic Position
The Standard Reference Position for the Body in the Study of…
Medical Terminology Chapter 5
angi/o
aort/o
arteri/o
ather/o
blood or lymph vessel
aorta
artery
plaque, fatty substance
angi/o
blood or lymph vessel
aort/o
aorta
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