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Study sets matching "medical terminology digestive system"

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Study sets matching "medical terminology digestive system"

25 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
gastric body
gastric fundus
(gastric) cardia (also called cardia (…
duodenum
main portion of the stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
the opening which provides a pathway for food to pass down in…
the first part of the small intestine
gastric body
main portion of the stomach
gastric fundus
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
Medical Terminology Digestive System
Mouth
Structures of the Tongue and Oral Cavity
Pharynx
Esophagus
•Primary Function ... -Begins preparation of food for digestion
•Primary Function ... -Transports food from the mouth to the eso…
•Primary Function ... -Transports food from the pharynx to the s…
Mouth
•Primary Function ... -Begins preparation of food for digestion
Structures of the Tongue and Oral Cavity
41 terms
Digestive System Medical Terminology
an/o
append/o
appendic/o
bar/o
anus
appendix
appendix
weight
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
56 terms
Medical Terminology Digestive System
Mouth
Structures of the Tongue and Oral Cavity
Pharynx
Esophagus
•Primary Function ... -Begins preparation of food for digestion
•Primary Function ... -Transports food from the mouth to the eso…
•Primary Function ... -Transports food from the pharynx to the s…
Mouth
•Primary Function ... -Begins preparation of food for digestion
Structures of the Tongue and Oral Cavity
21 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
gastric body
gastric fundus
(gastric) cardia (also called cardia (…
duodenum
main portion of the stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
the opening which provides a pathway for food to pass down in…
the first part of the small intestine
gastric body
main portion of the stomach
gastric fundus
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
34 terms
Medical Terminology: The Digestive System
amyl-
an-
ana-
cata-
starch
lack of
a building up
a casting down
amyl-
starch
an-
lack of
15 terms
Medical Terminology Digestive System
chole-
cirrh-
colo-
cyst-
Gall, bile
Reddish, yellowish
Colon
Sac, bladder
chole-
Gall, bile
cirrh-
Reddish, yellowish
147 terms
Medical Terminology: The Digestive System
Anorexia
Cachexia
Emaciation
Pica
A lack of appetite.
Wasting of muscle tissue due to weight loss that occurs with…
The state of being abnormally thin.
Abnormal craving for non-food substances that lasts for at le…
Anorexia
A lack of appetite.
Cachexia
Wasting of muscle tissue due to weight loss that occurs with…
25 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
gastric body
gastric fundus
(gastric) cardia (also called cardia (…
duodenum
main portion of the stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
the opening which provides a pathway for food to pass down in…
the first part of the small intestine
gastric body
main portion of the stomach
gastric fundus
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
25 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
gastric body
gastric fundus
(gastric) cardia (also called cardia (…
duodenum
main portion of the stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
the opening which provides a pathway for food to pass down in…
the first part of the small intestine
gastric body
main portion of the stomach
gastric fundus
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
31 terms
Digestive System - Medical Terminology
hem/occult
hepat/itis
aliment
cholecyst/itis
hidden blood
inflammation of the liver
food
inflammation of the gallbladder
hem/occult
hidden blood
hepat/itis
inflammation of the liver
137 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
anti
dia
dys
endo
against
through, across
abnormal, difficult, painful, bad
inner, within, inside
anti
against
dia
through, across
30 terms
Medical Terminology for the Digestive System
emesis
-phagia
-pepsia
jaundice
vomit
eating, swallowing
digestion
a yellowish discoloration of the skin
emesis
vomit
-phagia
eating, swallowing
82 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive system
Digestive System
Functions of Digestive system
Organ of Digestive System
Mouth... Stomat/o... Or/o -> oral cavity
-From mouth to anus... -AKA: alimentary canal & gastrointestinal…
-Ingestion: taking in of nutrients... -Digestion: chemical & mec…
-Mouth... -Pharynx (throat)... -Esophagus... -Stomach... -Small intestine…
-opening that food passes through into the body... -breaks food…
Digestive System
-From mouth to anus... -AKA: alimentary canal & gastrointestinal…
Functions of Digestive system
-Ingestion: taking in of nutrients... -Digestion: chemical & mec…
100 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
accessory organs
alanine transaminase (ALT)
alimentary canal
amylase
The accessory organs are the liver, pancreas, gall bladder, a…
An enzyme normally present in the blood. Blood levels are inc…
Also known as the gastrointestinal system or digestive system…
Digestive enzyme found in saliva that begins the digestion of…
accessory organs
The accessory organs are the liver, pancreas, gall bladder, a…
alanine transaminase (ALT)
An enzyme normally present in the blood. Blood levels are inc…
36 terms
Medical Terminology Digestive System
mouth
tongue
pharynx
esophagus
where food enters to start the digestive process, formed by t…
moves food during mastication, chewing
also called the throat, allows food, water & air to pass thro…
receives food from pharynx, passes through diaphragm in to ab…
mouth
where food enters to start the digestive process, formed by t…
tongue
moves food during mastication, chewing
10 terms
Digestive System Medical Terminology
Or/o
Pharyng/o
Esophag/o
gastr/o
Mouth - begins preparation of food for digestion
Pharynx - transports food from the mouth to the esophagus
Esophagus - transports food from the pharynx to the stomach
stomach- breaks down food and mixes it with digestive juices
Or/o
Mouth - begins preparation of food for digestion
Pharyng/o
Pharynx - transports food from the mouth to the esophagus
115 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
Absorpt/o
Aliment/o
Amyl/o
Amylopsin
(Combining Form) take in
(Combining Form) nourishment
(Combining Form) starch
Pancreatic enzyme that breaks down starches
Absorpt/o
(Combining Form) take in
Aliment/o
(Combining Form) nourishment
41 terms
Digestive System Medical Terminology
an/o
append/o
appendic/o
bar/o
anus
appendix
appendix
weight
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
35 terms
Medical Terminology: Digestive System
an/o
appendic/o
bucc/o
cec/o
anus
appendix
cheek
cecum
an/o
anus
appendic/o
appendix
36 terms
Digestive System {Medical Terminology}
mouth
tongue
palate
soft palate
opening through which food passes into the body;breaks food i…
consists mostly of skeletal muscle; attached in the posterior…
separates the nasal cavity from the oral cavity
posterior portion, not supported by bone
mouth
opening through which food passes into the body;breaks food i…
tongue
consists mostly of skeletal muscle; attached in the posterior…
18 terms
Medical Terminology: Digestive System
append/o
appendic/o
chol/e
cyst/o
appendix
appendix
bile
bladder
append/o
appendix
appendic/o
appendix
40 terms
Medical terminology-Digestive system
oro/o... stomat/o
gloss/o... lingu/o
bucc/o
cheil/o... labi/o
mouth
skin
cheek
lip
oro/o... stomat/o
mouth
gloss/o... lingu/o
skin
41 terms
Digestive System, Medical Terminology
an/o
append/o
appendic/o
bar/o
anus
appendix
appendix
weight
an/o
anus
append/o
appendix
15 terms
Digestive System Medical Terminology
chole-
cirrh-
colo-
cyst-
gall, bile
reddish, yellowness
colon
sac, bladder
chole-
gall, bile
cirrh-
reddish, yellowness
87 terms
Medical Terminology Digestive System
an/o
chol/e
cholecyst/o
col/o
anus, ring
bile, gall
gallbladder
colon, large intestine
an/o
anus, ring
chol/e
bile, gall
60 terms
Medical Terminology ( The Digestive System )
or/o, stomat/o
pharyng/o
esophag/o
gastr/o
mouth
phaynx
esophagus
stomach
or/o, stomat/o
mouth
pharyng/o
phaynx
63 terms
Medical Terminology ( The Digestive System )
or/o, stomat/o
pharyng/o
esophag/o
gastr/o
mouth
phaynx
esophagus
stomach
or/o, stomat/o
mouth
pharyng/o
phaynx
40 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
Or/o ... Stomat/o
Gloss/o ... Lingu/o
Bucc/o
Cheil/o... Labi/o
Mouth
Tongue
Cheek
Lip
Or/o ... Stomat/o
Mouth
Gloss/o ... Lingu/o
Tongue
10 terms
MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY DIGESTIVE SYSTEM STRUCTURES
MOUTH
PHARYNX
ESOPHAGUS
STOMACH
BEGINS PREPARATION OF FOOD FOR DIGESTION. FIRST STRUCTURE OF…
TRANSPORTS FOOD FROM THE MOUTH TO THE ESOPHAGUS
TRANSPORTS FOOD FROM THE PHARYNX TO THE STOMACH
BREAKS DOWN FOOD AND MIXES IT WITH DIGESTIVE JUICES
MOUTH
BEGINS PREPARATION OF FOOD FOR DIGESTION. FIRST STRUCTURE OF…
PHARYNX
TRANSPORTS FOOD FROM THE MOUTH TO THE ESOPHAGUS
25 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
gastric body
gastric fundus
(gastric) cardia (also called cardia (…
duodenum
main portion of the stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
the opening which provides a pathway for food to pass down in…
the first part of the small intestine
gastric body
main portion of the stomach
gastric fundus
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
Medical Terminology- Digestive System
Mouth
Tongue
Palate
Soft palate
Opening through which food passes into the body; breaks food…
Consists mostly of skeletal muscle; attached in the posterior…
Separates the nasal cavity from the oral cavity.
Posterior portion, not supported by bone.
Mouth
Opening through which food passes into the body; breaks food…
Tongue
Consists mostly of skeletal muscle; attached in the posterior…
168 terms
Medical Terminology of the Digestive System
a-
abdomin/o
-algia
aliment/o
not, without
abdomen
pain
nutrition
a-
not, without
abdomin/o
abdomen
27 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
gastric body
gastric fundus
gastric cardia
duodenum
main portion of the stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
the opening which provides a pathway for food to pass down in…
the first part of the small intestine
gastric body
main portion of the stomach
gastric fundus
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
25 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
gastric body
gastric fundus
(gastric) cardia (also called cardia (…
duodenum
main portion of the stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
the opening which provides a pathway for food to pass down in…
the first part of the small intestine
gastric body
main portion of the stomach
gastric fundus
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
20 terms
Digestive System - Medical Terminology
soft palate
uvula
absportion
tonsils
separates the mouth from the throat
aids the production of sounds and speech
takes place in small and large intestines
filters to protect the body from germs
soft palate
separates the mouth from the throat
uvula
aids the production of sounds and speech
115 terms
Medical Terminology: Digestive System
Bilirubin
Bolus
Exocrine
Sphincter
Orange-yellow pigment formed during destruction of erythrocyt…
Mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed
Gland that secretes its products through excretory ducts to t…
Circular band of muscle fibers that constricts a passage or c…
Bilirubin
Orange-yellow pigment formed during destruction of erythrocyt…
Bolus
Mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed
10 terms
Medical Terminology: Digestive System
Ascites
Barium Enema
Cirrhosis
Crohns Disease
Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
X-ray of the intestines and colon using barium as the contras…
Chronic liver disease
Chronic inflammatory bowel disease with mucus membrane ulcers…
Ascites
Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
Barium Enema
X-ray of the intestines and colon using barium as the contras…
30 terms
Medical Terminology Digestive System
Absorption
Amino acids
Amylase
Anus
Passage materials through the walls of the small intestine in…
Small building blocks of proteins released when proteins are…
Enzyme secreted by the pancreas and salivary glands to digest…
Terminal end or opening of the digestive tract to the outside…
Absorption
Passage materials through the walls of the small intestine in…
Amino acids
Small building blocks of proteins released when proteins are…
76 terms
Medical Terminology Digestive System
An/o
Append/o
Appendic/o
Bucc/o
Anus
Appendix
Appendix
Cheek
An/o
Anus
Append/o
Appendix
185 terms
Digestive System Medical Terminology
alimentary canal
digestion
accessory organs
buccal cavity
gastrointestinal tract (GI) Medical Terminology pg 106
one of the functions of the GI tract-MT pg 106
liver, gallbladder, & pancreas-MT pg 106, 109 figure 6-3
oral cavity-MT pg 106
alimentary canal
gastrointestinal tract (GI) Medical Terminology pg 106
digestion
one of the functions of the GI tract-MT pg 106
167 terms
Medical Terminology Digestive System
bilirubin
alimentary canal
bolus
exocrine
orange-yellow pigment formed during destruction of erythrocyt…
another name for GI tract
mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed
gland that secretes its products through excretory ducts to t…
bilirubin
orange-yellow pigment formed during destruction of erythrocyt…
alimentary canal
another name for GI tract
38 terms
Medical Terminology: Digestive System
or/o... stomat/o
gloss/o... lingu/o
bucc/o
cheil/o... labi/o
mouth
tongue
cheek
lip
or/o... stomat/o
mouth
gloss/o... lingu/o
tongue
23 terms
digestive system medical terminology
Sigmoid/o
-tripsy
Hepat/o
Sial/o
Sigmoid colon
Intentional crushing
Liver
Saliva
Sigmoid/o
Sigmoid colon
-tripsy
Intentional crushing
25 terms
Medical Terminology: Digestive System
Chol/e
Cyst/o
Emes/o
Lith/o
Gallbladder, bile
Bladder, sac. cholecystectomy (removal of gallbladder)
Vomit. Emesis (vomiting), emetic (stimulating vomiting), anti…
Stone. e.g. Cholelithotomy (removal of gall stones)
Chol/e
Gallbladder, bile
Cyst/o
Bladder, sac. cholecystectomy (removal of gallbladder)
12 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
body of stomach
fundus of stomach
cardia of stomach
duodenum
main portion of the stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
the opening which provides a pathway for food to pass down in…
the first part of the small intestine
body of stomach
main portion of the stomach
fundus of stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
25 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
gastric body
gastric fundus
cardia
duodenum
main portion of the stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
the opening which provides a pathway for food to pass down in…
the first part of the small intestine
gastric body
main portion of the stomach
gastric fundus
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
gastric body
gastric fundus
(gastric) cardia (also called cardia (…
duodenum
main portion of the stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
the opening which provides a pathway for food to pass down in…
the first part of the small intestine
gastric body
main portion of the stomach
gastric fundus
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
137 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
anti
dia
dys
endo
against
through, across
abnormal, difficult, painful, bad
inner, within, inside
anti
against
dia
through, across
25 terms
Medical Terminology - Digestive System
gastric body
gastric fundus
(gastric) cardia (also called cardia (…
duodenum
main portion of the stomach
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
the opening which provides a pathway for food to pass down in…
the first part of the small intestine
gastric body
main portion of the stomach
gastric fundus
the part of the stomach that is to the left and above the lev…
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