Study sets matching "medical terminology endocrine system diagnostic"

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Study sets matching "medical terminology endocrine system diagnostic"

Medical Terminology Chapter 12 - Endocrine System Common Diagnostic Tests and Procedures
fasting blood glucose (FBG)
finger stick blood sugar (fsbs)
glycosylated hemoglobin (Hb A1c)
radioactive iodine uptake
test of blood glucose levels after a fast of 8 to 12 hours, u…
test of blood glucose from a drop of capillary blood obtained…
reflection of the average blood glucose lever over the past 3…
nuclear medicine study which measures how rapidly radioactive…
fasting blood glucose (FBG)
test of blood glucose levels after a fast of 8 to 12 hours, u…
finger stick blood sugar (fsbs)
test of blood glucose from a drop of capillary blood obtained…
87 terms
Medical Terminology Endocrine System
acr/o
adren/o
crin/o
-dipsia
extremities
adrenal glands
secrete
thirst
acr/o
extremities
adren/o
adrenal glands
80 terms
Endocrine System - Medical Terminology
hormone
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
adrenal cortex
substance that is produced by endocrine gland
secrete these hormones directly into the bloodstream
send chemical substances via ducts to the outside of the body
outer section of the gland near or toward the kidney (cortex:…
hormone
substance that is produced by endocrine gland
Endocrine Glands
secrete these hormones directly into the bloodstream
15 terms
Medical Terminology of Endocrine System
Hormones
Growth & Development
Reproduction
Secrete
Chemical messengers or signals from endocrine glands
maturing from infancy through adulthood
fertilization of female ova forms into a new individual human
to discharge a substance from a gland
Hormones
Chemical messengers or signals from endocrine glands
Growth & Development
maturing from infancy through adulthood
34 terms
Medical Terminology: The Endocrine System
ad-
endo-
epi-
exo-
toward
within
upon
out; away from
ad-
toward
endo-
within
medical terminology endocrine system
dips/o
gluc/o, glucose/o, glyc/o
hormone/o
ket/o, keton/o
Thirst
glucose sugar
hormone
ketone bodies
dips/o
Thirst
gluc/o, glucose/o, glyc/o
glucose sugar
75 terms
Medical Terminology Endocrine System
acr/o
adren/o
crin/o
-dipsia
extremities
adrenal glands
secrete
thirst
acr/o
extremities
adren/o
adrenal glands
65 terms
Medical Terminology - Endocrine System
Pituitary (hypophysis)
anterior pituitary lobe
posterior pituitary lobe
pineal
master gland; has regulatory effects on other endocrine glands
influences growth and sexual development, thyroid function, a…
stimulates the reabsorption of water and elevates blood press…
helps regulate the release of gonadotropin and controls body…
Pituitary (hypophysis)
master gland; has regulatory effects on other endocrine glands
anterior pituitary lobe
influences growth and sexual development, thyroid function, a…
11 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
cortic/o
crin/o
gland
adrenal glands
cortex
secrete
aden/o
gland
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal glands
Medical Terminology Endocrine System
acromegaly
Addison's disease
adrenalitis
aldosteronism
enlargement of the extremities
Occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the h…
Inflammation of the adrenal glands
abnormality of electrolyte balance caused by the excessive se…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities
Addison's disease
Occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of the h…
Medical Terminology-Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Endocrine structures
acr/o
adren/o
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
extremities
adrenal glands
Endocrine glands
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
Endocrine structures
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
Endocrine System Medical Terminology
acro-
adreno-
ante-
-crine
body extremity
adrenal gland
before, in front of
secrete
acro-
body extremity
adreno-
adrenal gland
186 terms
Medical Terminology Endocrine System
kali
adren/o
crin/o
-dipsia
potassium
adrenal glands
secrete
thirst
kali
potassium
adren/o
adrenal glands
101 terms
Medical Terminology - The endocrine system
Acid/o
Acr/o
Aden/o
adenohypophysis
(combining form) acid
(combining form) extremity, point
(combining form) gland
anterior lobe of the pituitary
Acid/o
(combining form) acid
Acr/o
(combining form) extremity, point
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
The Endocrine System
The Pituitary Gland
Anterior Lobe: adenohypophysis
Prolactin (PRL)
Produces chemicals (hormones) that trigger body responses tha…
Also called the "master gland"
A pituitary gland, where the anterior pituitary hormones are…
Milk production.
The Endocrine System
Produces chemicals (hormones) that trigger body responses tha…
The Pituitary Gland
Also called the "master gland"
85 terms
Medical Terminology-Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Endocrine structures
acr/o
adren/o
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
extremities
adrenal glands
Endocrine glands
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
Endocrine structures
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
Medical Terminology- Endocrine System
Pituitary Gland or Hypophysis Cerebri
Anterior Lobe or Adenohypophysis
Growth Hormone (GH)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH)
Approximately the size of a pea and located at the base of th…
Produces and secretes the following hormones: GH, ACTH, TSH,…
Regulates the growth of the body.
Stimulates the adrenal cortex.
Pituitary Gland or Hypophysis Cerebri
Approximately the size of a pea and located at the base of th…
Anterior Lobe or Adenohypophysis
Produces and secretes the following hormones: GH, ACTH, TSH,…
21 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
adren/o... adrenal/o
calc/o
crin/o
gluc/o... glyc/o... glycos/o
adrenal glands
calcium
secrete
sugar,... sweetness
adren/o... adrenal/o
adrenal glands
calc/o
calcium
21 terms
Endocrine System Medical, Surgical, and Diagnostic Procedures
exophthalmometrey
parathyroidectomy
transsphenoidal hypophysectomy
thymectomy
Measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball as…
Excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands, usually to…
Endoscopic procedure to surgically remove a pituitary tumor t…
Excision of the thymus gland
exophthalmometrey
Measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball as…
parathyroidectomy
Excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands, usually to…
62 terms
Medical Terminology- Endocrine System
antagonistic
electrolyte
glucagon
glucose
Acting in opposition; mutually opposing
Mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
Hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates th…
Simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
antagonistic
Acting in opposition; mutually opposing
electrolyte
Mineral salt (sodium, potassium, and calcium) that carries an…
100 terms
Medical Terminology - Endocrine System
adeno
adreno, adrenalo
andro
crino
gland
adrenal gland
male
to secrete
adeno
gland
adreno, adrenalo
adrenal gland
Endocrine System - Medical, Surgical and Diagnostic Procedures
exophthalmometry
parathyroidectomy
transsphenoidal hypophysectomy
thymectomy
measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball as…
exicision of one or more of the parathyroid glands, usually t…
endoscopic procedure to surgically remove a pituitary tumor t…
excision of the thymus gland
exophthalmometry
measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball as…
parathyroidectomy
exicision of one or more of the parathyroid glands, usually t…
11 terms
Medical Terminology Simplified (Gylys) Ch. 9: Endocrine and Nervous System: Diagnostic Procedures, Medical and Surgical Procedures, Pharmacology
adrenalectomy
thyroidectomy
craniotomy
thalamotomy
Surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands to remove a be…
Excision of one lobe (subtotal thyroidectomy) or the entire t…
Surgical procedure that creates an opening in the skull to ga…
Partial destruction of the thalamus to treat psychosis or int…
adrenalectomy
Surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands to remove a be…
thyroidectomy
Excision of one lobe (subtotal thyroidectomy) or the entire t…
128 terms
MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY: Endocrine System
acr/o
aden/o
adren/o
calc/o
extremities
gland
adrenal gland
calcium
acr/o
extremities
aden/o
gland
33 terms
Medical Terminology (11) - Endocrine - Symptomatic/Diagnostic
exophthalmos or exophthalmus
glucosuria , glycosuria
hirsutism
hypercalcemia
protrusion of one or both eyeballs often because of thyroid d…
glucose (sugar) in the urine
shaggy; an excessive growth of hair especially in unusual pla…
an abnormally high level of calcium in the blood
exophthalmos or exophthalmus
protrusion of one or both eyeballs often because of thyroid d…
glucosuria , glycosuria
glucose (sugar) in the urine
32 terms
Endocrine System Medical Terminology
acro/o
megaly
adren
-al
body extremity
enlargement of
toward the kidney
pertaining to
acro/o
body extremity
megaly
enlargement of
45 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
Primary Function
Homeostasis
Hormones
13 major glands of the endocrine system
Produce hormones that work together to maintain homeostasis
Process through which the body maintains a constant internal…
Chemical messengers that are secreted by the endocrine glands…
1 Pituitary Gland... 1 Pineal Gland... 1 Thyroid Gland... 4 Parathyroi…
Primary Function
Produce hormones that work together to maintain homeostasis
Homeostasis
Process through which the body maintains a constant internal…
69 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
antagonistic
electrolyte
glucagen
glucose
action in opposing, mutually oposing
mineral salt that carries an electrical charge in solution
hormone produced by pancreatic alpha cells that stimulates th…
simple sugar that is the end product of carbohydrate digestion
antagonistic
action in opposing, mutually oposing
electrolyte
mineral salt that carries an electrical charge in solution
142 terms
medical terminology: endocrine system
adrenal glands
hypothalamus
islets of langerhans
ovaries
located above each kidney-hormones that aid in metabolism, el…
part of the brain located near the pituitary gland that secre…
endocrine cells inside the pancreas that secrete hormones (gl…
paired female reproductive organs that produce hormones
adrenal glands
located above each kidney-hormones that aid in metabolism, el…
hypothalamus
part of the brain located near the pituitary gland that secre…
100 terms
Medical Terminology Endocrine system
Adren/o
Acr/o
Gonad/o
-dipsia
Adrenal glands
Extremities
Ovaries or testicles
Thirst
Adren/o
Adrenal glands
Acr/o
Extremities
Medical Terminology, Endocrine System
acr/o
adren/o
calc/i
cortic/o
extremities
adrenal gland
calcium
cortex
acr/o
extremities
adren/o
adrenal gland
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
adren/o
adrenal/o
calc/o
crin/o
adrenal glands (adrenomegaly)
adreanal glands (adrenalectomy: excision of adrenal glands)
calcium (hypercalcemia: excision of on or both adrenal glands)
secrete (endocrinology: study of endocrine glands)
adren/o
adrenal glands (adrenomegaly)
adrenal/o
adreanal glands (adrenalectomy: excision of adrenal glands)
37 terms
The Endocrine System - Medical Terminology
acid/o
acr/o
calci/o
crin/o
having an acidic pH (lower than 7.0)
extremity, top
calcium
to secrete
acid/o
having an acidic pH (lower than 7.0)
acr/o
extremity, top
15 terms
Medical Terminology - Endocrine System
acro-
adreno-
ante-
-crine
body extremity
adrenal gland
before, in front of
secrete
acro-
body extremity
adreno-
adrenal gland
94 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
growth hormone (GH)
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. It promotes growth…
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates thyroid…
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates the adre…
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates growth a…
growth hormone (GH)
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. It promotes growth…
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
Produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Stimulates thyroid…
25 terms
Medical Terminology Systems 7E Gylys, Wedding Ch 14 Endocrine System - Medical, Surgical, and Diagnostic Procedures
exophthalmometry
exophthalmometer
exophthalmos
parathyroidectomy
measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball (e…
instrument used to measure the distance from the center of th…
protrusion of the eye(s)
excision of one or more of the parathyroid glands, usually to…
exophthalmometry
measures the degree of forward displacement of the eyeball (e…
exophthalmometer
instrument used to measure the distance from the center of th…
35 terms
Medical Terminology Endocrine system
acr/o
aden/o
adren/o, adrenal/o
calc/o
extremity
gland
adrenal glands
calcium
acr/o
extremity
aden/o
gland
13 terms
Medical Terminology- endocrine system
Endocrine system
Acro
Adeno
Gluco
The glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to con…
Extremity
Gland
Sugar
Endocrine system
The glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to con…
Acro
Extremity
18 terms
Medical Terminology - Endocrine System
acr/o
aden/o
adren/o
cortic/o
extremities
gland
adrenal glands
cortex
acr/o
extremities
aden/o
gland
83 terms
Medical Terminology, Endocrine System
Endocrine System
gland
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
Formed of group of glands which:... ➢ Secrete directly into the…
-an organ that secretes a substance... 2 different types of glan…
❖ Have no Duct (ductless)... ❖ Secrete Hormones
❖ Have ducts... ❖ Secrete different substance (sweat, tears..)... ➢…
Endocrine System
Formed of group of glands which:... ➢ Secrete directly into the…
gland
-an organ that secretes a substance... 2 different types of glan…
38 terms
Endocrine System - Medical Terminology
hormone
Endocrine Glands
Exocrine Glands
adrenal cortex
substance that is produced by endocrine gland
secrete these hormones directly into the bloodstream
send chemical substances via ducts to the outside of the body
outer section of the gland near or toward the kidney (cortex:…
hormone
substance that is produced by endocrine gland
Endocrine Glands
secrete these hormones directly into the bloodstream
64 terms
Endocrine System Medical Terminology
produces releasing hormones and produc…
located in the brain and has two lobes…
lobe of the pituitary gland that produ…
lobe of the pituitary gland that store…
hypothalamus
pituitary gland
anterior lobe
posterior lobe
produces releasing hormones and produc…
hypothalamus
located in the brain and has two lobes…
pituitary gland
8 terms
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
Adren/o, adrenal/o
Adrenocortic/o
Endocrine/o
Hypophys/o
Adrenal gland, epinephrine
Adrenal cortex
Endocrine glands or system
Pituitary gland, hypophysis
Adren/o, adrenal/o
Adrenal gland, epinephrine
Adrenocortic/o
Adrenal cortex
51 terms
Endocrine System Medical Terminology
Aden/o
Adren/0
Adrenal/o
Andr/o
Gland
Adrenal gland
Adrenal gland
Male
Aden/o
Gland
Adren/0
Adrenal gland
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
Acromegaly
Addison's Disease
Cretinism
Cushing's Disease
Disease characterized by bone enlargement
Disease resulting from deficiency of adrenocortical hormones
Congenital condition due to lack of thyroid secretion
Disease resulting from hypersecretion of glucocorticoids
Acromegaly
Disease characterized by bone enlargement
Addison's Disease
Disease resulting from deficiency of adrenocortical hormones
Medical Terminology (Endocrine System)
Acromegaly
Gigantism
Dwarfism
Graves's Disease
Excessive quantities of growth hormone AFTER puberty
hyper-secretion of growth hormone BEFORE puberty
Hypo-secretion of growth hormone
hypo-secretion- exopthalmus
Acromegaly
Excessive quantities of growth hormone AFTER puberty
Gigantism
hyper-secretion of growth hormone BEFORE puberty
Medical Terminology: Endocrine System
ary
crine
ectomy
emia
Pertaining to
To secrete
Surgical removal
Blood condition
ary
Pertaining to
crine
To secrete
The endocrine system medical terminology
Adrenal glands
Gonads
Male testicle
Female ovaries
regulate electrolyte levels and influence metabolism
gamete sex cells
sperm producing gland
ova egg producing glands
Adrenal glands
regulate electrolyte levels and influence metabolism
Gonads
gamete sex cells
15 terms
Medical Terminology - Endocrine System
diabetes mellitus (DM)
hyperglycemia
hypoglycemia
tetany
A disorder of glucose metabolism caused by deficiency of insu…
Excess glucose in the blood
Abnormally low level of glucose in the blood
Irritability and spasms of muscles; may be caused y low blood…
diabetes mellitus (DM)
A disorder of glucose metabolism caused by deficiency of insu…
hyperglycemia
Excess glucose in the blood
Medical Terminology-Endocrine System
Endocrine glands
Endocrine structures
acr/o
adren/o
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
extremities
adrenal glands
Endocrine glands
secrete hormones that regulate: metabolic rate, water,mineral…
Endocrine structures
adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas,parathyroid glands, pineal,…
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