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Study sets matching "medicine pathology"

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Study sets matching "medicine pathology"

20 terms
Medicine : Pathologies
Tumeur (ex: métastase)
Maladie infectieuse (ex: herpès génital)
Néphrologie (ex: infection urinaire)
Infection virale (ex: VIH)
Tumor (metastasis)
Infectious disease (genital herpes)
Nephrology (urinary infection)
Viral infection (HIV)
Tumeur (ex: métastase)
Tumor (metastasis)
Maladie infectieuse (ex: herpès génital)
Infectious disease (genital herpes)
17 terms
Medicine pathologies
Asthma
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease…
Respiratory Failure
Carcinoma of the Bronchus
Signs and symptoms- recent upper respiratory tract infection,…
...
...
...
Asthma
Signs and symptoms- recent upper respiratory tract infection,…
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease…
...
108 terms
Oral medicine and pathology midterm
Risk factors for CVD
Risk factors for HTN
Risk factors for CAD
Risk factors for Arrhythmia
HTN, obesity, dyslipidemia, DM, smoking, physical inactivity,…
CKD, narrowing of aorta, cushings, long-term steroid therapy,…
atherosclerosis, coronary artery thrombosis, reduced O2 carry…
CV disease, pulmonary disorders, autonomic/systemic disorders…
Risk factors for CVD
HTN, obesity, dyslipidemia, DM, smoking, physical inactivity,…
Risk factors for HTN
CKD, narrowing of aorta, cushings, long-term steroid therapy,…
108 terms
Pathology: Transfusion Medicine
ABO and Rh factor
the presence of antibodies
we need to identify them
mixing patient plasma with donor RBCs…
what are the two types we're concerned with in blood?
besides blood type, what do we need to check for?
if antibodies are present, what do we do?
what is a crossmatch?
ABO and Rh factor
what are the two types we're concerned with in blood?
the presence of antibodies
besides blood type, what do we need to check for?
49 terms
Forensic Medicine: Forensic Pathology
Abrasions
Brush Abrasion
Bruises
Tramline Bruising
scraping of the skin surface, only epidermis is affected but…
angular contact with rough surface, skin tags
leaking of blood from damaged vessels, intact epidermis, red…
caused by rectangular objects or cylindrical objects , centra…
Abrasions
scraping of the skin surface, only epidermis is affected but…
Brush Abrasion
angular contact with rough surface, skin tags
Pathology 2 - Laboratory Medicine
Define an electrochemical assay and wh…
Define a spectrophotometric assay
Define an immunoassay
Define a point of care test
These assays are used to determine the amount of a given ion,…
This assay is used to measure a color change with regards to…
This assay uses antibodies to bind to some target and then on…
POC tests are qualitative assays (yes/no) that measures the p…
Define an electrochemical assay and wh…
These assays are used to determine the amount of a given ion,…
Define a spectrophotometric assay
This assay is used to measure a color change with regards to…
43 terms
The Language of Medicine Pathology
anorexia
ascites
borborygmus (mi:pl)
constipation
Lack of appetite
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
Rumbling/gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, flui…
Difficulty passing stool
anorexia
Lack of appetite
ascites
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
11 terms
lab medicine/clinical pathology
Analyte
ReferenceRange
QuantitativeandQualitativeAnalysis
Panel
The substance to be measured in blood or body fluids
Astatistically determined measure of a value or range of valu…
Numericornon- numeric test results
Group of tests generally giving information on the physiologi…
Analyte
The substance to be measured in blood or body fluids
ReferenceRange
Astatistically determined measure of a value or range of valu…
125 terms
Pathology: Transfusion Medicine(*)
ABO and Rh factor
the presence of antibodies
we need to identify them
mixing patient plasma with donor RBCs…
what are the two types we're concerned with in blood?
besides blood type, what do we need to check for?
if antibodies are present, what do we do?
what is a crossmatch?
ABO and Rh factor
what are the two types we're concerned with in blood?
the presence of antibodies
besides blood type, what do we need to check for?
102 terms
Clinical Medicine & Pathology II
three purposes of lab tests
screening and lab tests
diagnosis and lab tests
monitoring and lab tests
screening, diagnosis, monitoring
done when no signs or symptoms of a particular disease/condit…
done when signs and/or symptoms of a particular disease/condi…
progression of condition/disease, effect of medication on con…
three purposes of lab tests
screening, diagnosis, monitoring
screening and lab tests
done when no signs or symptoms of a particular disease/condit…
14 terms
Pathologies for Internal Medicine
Common Cold
Cough
Lung Absess
Wheezing
1. Wind Cold... 2. Wind Heat ... 3. Wind-Cold with Interior Heat... 4.…
1. Wind cold... 2. Wind Heat... 3. Wind Dryness... 4. Lung Heat... 5. Phl…
Toxic Heat
1. Wind Cold... 2. Wind Cold with phlegm fluids... 3. Wind-cold wit…
Common Cold
1. Wind Cold... 2. Wind Heat ... 3. Wind-Cold with Interior Heat... 4.…
Cough
1. Wind cold... 2. Wind Heat... 3. Wind Dryness... 4. Lung Heat... 5. Phl…
98 terms
Sports Medicine medical pathology
Sports Medicine
Cervical spine
Vertebrae
Disc
What is the field of dealing with extremities and injuries th…
Made up of seven vertebrae
Bones in the spine are called...
Between each vertebrae is a... made up of fibrocartilage
Sports Medicine
What is the field of dealing with extremities and injuries th…
Cervical spine
Made up of seven vertebrae
110 terms
Pathology, Inflammation, Preventative medicine
histopathology
etiology
prognosis
morphologic
evaluation of tissue with a microscope
study of cause of disease and sometimes disease itself
expected outcome stated as good, guarded, or poor
anatomic diagnosis
histopathology
evaluation of tissue with a microscope
etiology
study of cause of disease and sometimes disease itself
18 terms
Cancer Medicine Pathology
cystic
fungating
inflammatory
medullary
forming large open spaces filled with fluid
mushrooming pattern of growth in which tumor cells pile one o…
having features of inflammation-redness, swelling, and heat
large, soft, fleshy tumors
cystic
forming large open spaces filled with fluid
fungating
mushrooming pattern of growth in which tumor cells pile one o…
44 terms
Clinical Medicine - Pathology
Ockham's razor
Pathology
Disease
Lesions
when two competing theories that make exactly the same predic…
study of etiologies, mechanisms, manifestations of disease
state in which an individual exhibits an anatomical, physiolo…
structural or morphological alterations associated with a dis…
Ockham's razor
when two competing theories that make exactly the same predic…
Pathology
study of etiologies, mechanisms, manifestations of disease
25 terms
Clinical Medicine: Pathology
Mitosis
Cell types
Labile cells
Stable cells
Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
labile, stable, and permanent
cells that multiply constantly throughout life. They spend li…
cells that multiply only when needed. They spend most of the…
Mitosis
Prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Cell types
labile, stable, and permanent
91 terms
General pathology and medicine
Neoplasia
Neoplastic
Neoplasm
Benign
abnormal cell growth unresponsive to normal control mechanism…
abnormal cells in with mutations in genes that regulate cell…
abnormal growth
neoplasm that does not invade surrounding tissue ... more common…
Neoplasia
abnormal cell growth unresponsive to normal control mechanism…
Neoplastic
abnormal cells in with mutations in genes that regulate cell…
40 terms
Asian Medicine Pathology
Lung Qi Deficiency
Lung Qi Deficiency
Lung Heat/Fire
Lung Heat/Fire
- Feeble cough/asthma ... - SOB, < exertion ... - Low and/or hoarse…
- Tonify lung Qi, warm yang ... - LU9 - Source point, tonifies l…
- Cough... - Asthma ... - Yellow sticky sputum ... - Thirst ... - Sore th…
- Clear lung heat, restore descending of lung Qi ... - LU5 & LU1…
Lung Qi Deficiency
- Feeble cough/asthma ... - SOB, < exertion ... - Low and/or hoarse…
Lung Qi Deficiency
- Tonify lung Qi, warm yang ... - LU9 - Source point, tonifies l…
45 terms
Pathology, Laboratory, Medicine
Qualitative
Quantitative
specimen
block
measuring the presence or absence of
measuring the presence or absence of an the amount of
sample of tissue or fluid
frozen piece of a sample
Qualitative
measuring the presence or absence of
Quantitative
measuring the presence or absence of an the amount of
79 terms
Clinical Pathology- Emergency Medicine
triage
change in mental status
prolonged QT
TCA
major goal of emergency medicine
ELM:... - CBC with differential... - complete chemistry panel... - uri…
causes:... - CNS disease (subarachnoid hemorrhage, strke, trauma…
signs of overdose are anti-cholinergic:... - change in mental st…
triage
major goal of emergency medicine
change in mental status
ELM:... - CBC with differential... - complete chemistry panel... - uri…
191 terms
Clinical Pathology- Transfusion Medicine
antigen
antiboy
alloantibody
autoantibody
a substance that stimulates your immune system t raise antibo…
an immunoglobulin produced in response to an antigenic stimulus
binds someone else's antigens
binds one's own antigens
antigen
a substance that stimulates your immune system t raise antibo…
antiboy
an immunoglobulin produced in response to an antigenic stimulus
9 terms
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology
Director anatomical/surgical pathology
Supervisor, Point of Care
Supervisor, Blood Bank Immuno/hematology
Supervisor, Chemistry
Histology, Cytology and Surgical Pathology
Outpatient Service and Nursing POCT
Transfusion Medicine
Toxicology, Therapeutic drug monitoring and Molecular diagnos…
Director anatomical/surgical pathology
Histology, Cytology and Surgical Pathology
Supervisor, Point of Care
Outpatient Service and Nursing POCT
Language of Medicine 11: Pathology
arrhythmias
bradycardia and heart block (atriovent…
flutter
fibrillation
Abnormal heart rhythms
Failure of proper conduction of impulses from SA node through…
Rapid but regular contractions, usually of the atria
Very rapid, random, inefficient, and irregular contractions o…
arrhythmias
Abnormal heart rhythms
bradycardia and heart block (atriovent…
Failure of proper conduction of impulses from SA node through…
12 terms
Pathology - Personalized Medicine
what is personalized medicine?
Benefits of personalized medicine
Challenges facing personalized medicine?
What is personalized cancer vaccine?
selecting treatment based on genetic and environmental factor…
- more effective (everybody has varied responses to medicatio…
1) requires large and expensive clinical trials... 2) ethics... 3)…
patient's tumor cell + dendritic cells is injected into patie…
what is personalized medicine?
selecting treatment based on genetic and environmental factor…
Benefits of personalized medicine
- more effective (everybody has varied responses to medicatio…
56 terms
Liver (Foundation, Medicine, Pathology)
What is CLD?
Acute hepatitis definition? ... -definiti…
What if the patient has Hep B core Ab…
Common causes of acute liver injury:
When a healthy liver changes to cirrhosis due to damage from…
Elevation of serum transaminase enzymes (ALT found in hepatoc…
Patient has had Previous hepatitis B infection... Anti-surface…
1) Acute viral hepatitis ... 2) Drug related... 3) Ischaemic hepati…
What is CLD?
When a healthy liver changes to cirrhosis due to damage from…
Acute hepatitis definition? ... -definiti…
Elevation of serum transaminase enzymes (ALT found in hepatoc…
24 terms
PAEDIATRIC ORAL MEDICINE/ PATHOLOGY
Gingival cysts of infants and newborns
Pathogenesis-alveolar ridge cysts (Boh…
Pathogenesis-midline raphe cysts (Epst…
New born oral pathology (2)
Gingival cysts of infancy (Bohn's nodules, gingival cyst of n…
•Earliest epithelium to grow into ectomesenchyme is the denta…
•Development of the palate... •Inclusions in the line of fusion…
•Congenital Epulis of the newborn... •Melanotic neuroectodermal…
Gingival cysts of infants and newborns
Gingival cysts of infancy (Bohn's nodules, gingival cyst of n…
Pathogenesis-alveolar ridge cysts (Boh…
•Earliest epithelium to grow into ectomesenchyme is the denta…
24 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 13 - Pathology
dyscrasia
anemia
iron deficiency anemia
aplastic anemia
disease
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin, only affect blood c…
caused by lack of iron
failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
dyscrasia
disease
anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin, only affect blood c…
14 terms
Language of Medicine - Ch. 7 - Pathology
glomerulonephritis
interstitial nephritis
nephrolithiasis
nephrotic syndrome (nephrosis)
Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney
Inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the r…
Kidney stones (renal calculi)
Groups of clinical signs and symptoms caused by excessive pro…
glomerulonephritis
Inflammation of the glomeruli within the kidney
interstitial nephritis
Inflammation of the connective tissue that lies between the r…
10 terms
Oral pathology and oral medicine framework
hard tissue pathology, soft tissue dis…
disorders of development of the teeth…
mucosal infections; non-infective stom…
anaemias, leukaemias and lymphomas; ha…
basic divisions? (3)
subdivisions of hard tissue pathology? (10)
subdivisions of soft tissue disease? (10)
subdivisions of the medically compromised patient? (15)
hard tissue pathology, soft tissue dis…
basic divisions? (3)
disorders of development of the teeth…
subdivisions of hard tissue pathology? (10)
40 terms
Clinical Medicine: Duval Pathology
Ventral opening of urethra... May be cons…
Balanitis
inflammation of glans and prepuce
inability to retract prepuce
hypospadias
inflammation of the glans penis
Balanoposthitis
phimosis
Ventral opening of urethra... May be cons…
hypospadias
Balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
30 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 18- Pathology
goiter
endemic goiter
adenomatous goiter
hyperthyroidism
enlargement of the thyroid gland
enlargement of the thyroid gland occurring in certain regions…
enlargement of the thyroid gland with hyperplasia, nodules, a…
overactivity of the thyroid gland; thyrotoxicosis; most commo…
goiter
enlargement of the thyroid gland
endemic goiter
enlargement of the thyroid gland occurring in certain regions…
17 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 14- Pathology
AIDS
Allergy
Lymphoma
Hodgkin Disease
Group of clinical signs and symptoms associated with suppress…
Abnormal hypersensitivity acquired by exposure to an antigen
Malignant tumor of lymph nodes and lymph tissue
Malignant tumor of lymphoid tissue in the spleen and lymph no…
AIDS
Group of clinical signs and symptoms associated with suppress…
Allergy
Abnormal hypersensitivity acquired by exposure to an antigen
23 terms
Language of Medicine chapter 13- Pathology
Anemia
Dyscrasia
iron deficiency anemia
Aplastic Anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Any abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood
Caused by a lack of iron, which is required for hemoglobin pr…
Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
Anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
Dyscrasia
Any abnormal or pathologic condition of the blood
44 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 16- Pathology
basal cell carcinoma
squamous cell carcinoma
malignant melanoma
callus
malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells in the epide…
Cancerous growth composed of melanocytes; due to intense expo…
increased growth of cells in the keratin layer of the epiderm…
basal cell carcinoma
malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
squamous cell carcinoma
malignant tumor of the squamous epithelial cells in the epide…
77 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 11 Pathology
arrhythmias
bradycardia and heart block
flutter
fibrillation
abnormal heart rhythms
failure of proper conduction of impulses from the SA node thr…
rapid but regular contractions, usually of the atria
rapid, random and ineffective contractions of the heart (350…
arrhythmias
abnormal heart rhythms
bradycardia and heart block
failure of proper conduction of impulses from the SA node thr…
32 terms
Precision Medicine: Applications in Pathology
What is precision medicine?
translocation causing CML
In CML, what occurs genetically?
How is BCR/ABL translocation identified?
tailoring of medical treatment to the individual characterist…
t(9;22) or philadelphia chromosome
Abl1 is translocated into the BCR of chromosome 22. This new…
FISH with a dual fusion probe
What is precision medicine?
tailoring of medical treatment to the individual characterist…
translocation causing CML
t(9;22) or philadelphia chromosome
38 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 17- Pathology
astigmatism
hyperopia (hypermetropia)
myopia
presbyopia
defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye
farsightedness
nearsightedness
impairment of vision as a result of old age
astigmatism
defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye
hyperopia (hypermetropia)
farsightedness
45 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 8- Pathology
carcinoma of the cervix
cervicitis
carcinoma of the endometrium
endometriosis
malignant cells within the cervix (cervical cancer)
inflammation of the cervix
malignant tumor of the uterus (adenocarcinoma)
endometrial tissue located outside the uterus
carcinoma of the cervix
malignant cells within the cervix (cervical cancer)
cervicitis
inflammation of the cervix
Language of Medicine chapter 10-Pathology
hydrocephalus
spina bifida
subdural hematoma
epidural hematoma
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
results from the tearing of veins between the dura and arachn…
occurs between the skull and the dura as the result of a rupt…
hydrocephalus
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
spina bifida
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
16 terms
Chapt 14 pathology/medicine
Concussion
Contusion
Laceration
Stroke
Tramatic injury to the brain that produces no visible bruisin…
Bruising due to trauma of brain and includes the leakage of b…
A tear in the brain usually from a skull fracture or a gunsho…
Also named CVS characterized by abrupt onset of persisting ne…
Concussion
Tramatic injury to the brain that produces no visible bruisin…
Contusion
Bruising due to trauma of brain and includes the leakage of b…
80 terms
pathology test3 lecture1 (transfusion medicine)
when testing for blood "type" youre lo…
most common blood type is ____
the universal door type is _____
why do we do a "screen" when blood typ…
ABO and RH
O+
O-
to check if there are any unexpected antibodies
when testing for blood "type" youre lo…
ABO and RH
most common blood type is ____
O+
54 terms
Language of Medicine chapter 10-Pathology
hydrocephalus
spina bifida
subdural hematoma
epidural hematoma
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
results from the tearing of veins between the dura and arachn…
occurs between the skull and the dura as the result of a rupt…
hydrocephalus
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
spina bifida
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
15 terms
Introduction to pathology and laboratory medicine
What is a diagnostic test versus a scr…
What is a reference measurement proced…
What are the phases of diagnostic test…
Where are the vast majority (65-75%) o…
-Diagnostic tests are used to determine the presence or absen…
This is the gold standard measurement system for a particular…
-Pre-analytic phase (Clinician has clinical question, lab tes…
During the preanalytical phase!... -many variables with regards…
What is a diagnostic test versus a scr…
-Diagnostic tests are used to determine the presence or absen…
What is a reference measurement proced…
This is the gold standard measurement system for a particular…
18 terms
Cancer Medicine Pathological Descriptions
cystic
fungating
inflammatory
medullary
forming large open spaces filled with fluid
mushrooming pattern of growth in which tumor cells pile one o…
having features of inflammation-redness, swelling, and heat
large, soft, fleshy tumors
cystic
forming large open spaces filled with fluid
fungating
mushrooming pattern of growth in which tumor cells pile one o…
9 terms
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Order of Draw
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
Blood cultures; silver, red
Light blue
Dark Blue (Serum no additive)
Speckled (Red/grey)
1st
Blood cultures; silver, red
2nd
Light blue
33 terms
Medicine GU External Genitalia Pathology
Most important image modalities to dia…
Most common mass lesion within the scr…
Hydrocele
Congenital hydrocele
Inspection and palpation of the external genitalia along with…
Hydrocele
Accumulation of fluid between the visceral & parietal layers…
Results from a persistence of peritoneal fluid within 1 or mo…
Most important image modalities to dia…
Inspection and palpation of the external genitalia along with…
Most common mass lesion within the scr…
Hydrocele
29 terms
The language of medicine-Chapter 13 (pathology)
anemia
aplastic anemia
hemolytic anemia
pernicious anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vit…
anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin
aplastic anemia
failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow
22 terms
Language of Medicine - Ch. 8 - Pathology
carcinoma of the cervix (cervical canc…
cervicitis
carcinoma of the endometrium
endometriosis
malignant cells within the cervix; an infection with human pa…
inflammation of the cervix
malignant tumor of the uterine lining (adenocarcinoma)
endometrial tissue located outside the uterus
carcinoma of the cervix (cervical canc…
malignant cells within the cervix; an infection with human pa…
cervicitis
inflammation of the cervix
55 terms
Language of Medicine - Ch. 10 - Pathology
hydrocephalus
spina bifida
subdural hematoma
epidural hematoma
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
results from the tearing of veins between the dura and arachn…
occurs between the skull and the dura as the result of a rupt…
hydrocephalus
abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain
spina bifida
congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by impe…
38 terms
Language of Medicine Chapter 17- Pathology
astigmatism
hyperopia (hypermetropia)
myopia
presbyopia
defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye
farsightedness
nearsightedness
impairment of vision as a result of old age
astigmatism
defective curvature of the cornea or lens of the eye
hyperopia (hypermetropia)
farsightedness
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