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Study sets matching "medieval music"

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Study sets matching "medieval music"

11 terms
Medieval Music
Crumhorn
Pipe and tabor
Rebec
Hurdy Gurdy
What curved Medieval wind instrument is this?
What pair of Medieval instruments is this?
What Medieval string instrument is this?
What Medieval string and keyboard instrument is this?
Crumhorn
What curved Medieval wind instrument is this?
Pipe and tabor
What pair of Medieval instruments is this?
12 terms
Medieval Music
Crumhorn
Pipe and tabor
Rebec
Hurdy Gurdy
What curved Medieval wind instrument is this?
What pair of Medieval instruments is this?
What Medieval string instrument is this?
What Medieval string and keyboard instrument is this?
Crumhorn
What curved Medieval wind instrument is this?
Pipe and tabor
What pair of Medieval instruments is this?
4 terms
Medieval Music
Neumes
Plainsong
Plainchant
Plainchant texture
basic element of Western and Eastern systems of Music Notatio…
sacred and secular music consisting of a single melodic line
sacred music consisting of a single melodic line
monophonic
Neumes
basic element of Western and Eastern systems of Music Notatio…
Plainsong
sacred and secular music consisting of a single melodic line
16 terms
Medieval Music
Neumes
Plainsong
Plainchant
Plainchant texture
basic element of Western and Eastern systems of Music Notatio…
sacred and secular music consisting of a single melodic line
sacred music consisting of a single melodic line
monophonic
Neumes
basic element of Western and Eastern systems of Music Notatio…
Plainsong
sacred and secular music consisting of a single melodic line
8 terms
Medieval Music
Years of The Middle Ages
Anonymous
Pope Gregory
Monks
450 - 1450AD (1,000 years)
Unknown author
wrote down medieval musical chants
The most educated people in Medieval Society
Years of The Middle Ages
450 - 1450AD (1,000 years)
Anonymous
Unknown author
8 terms
Medieval Music
Sacred
Secular
Monophonic
Unison
Holy/Religious
Non religious
One single melody line with no accompaniment
When everybody sings the main tune together
Sacred
Holy/Religious
Secular
Non religious
69 terms
Medieval Music
Date:Gregorian Chant
Date:Organum
Definition: polyphonic
Date: Medieval Period
450-1450
890-1450
having two or more voice parts, each with an independent melo…
450-1450
Date:Gregorian Chant
450-1450
Date:Organum
890-1450
12 terms
Medieval Music
Sacred Music
Secular
Ars Nova
Ars Antiqua
Music for religious purposes
Music for nonreligious purposes
New art
Old art
Sacred Music
Music for religious purposes
Secular
Music for nonreligious purposes
27 terms
Medieval Music
Date: Medieval Period
Characteristics: Gregorian Chant
Definition: monophonic
Characteristics: Organum
450-1450
-Latin (Sacred)... -All male... -no meter (most notes equal in leng…
a single melodic line
-polyphonic... -Latin (sacred)... -all male... -metered... -composers: Le…
Date: Medieval Period
450-1450
Characteristics: Gregorian Chant
-Latin (Sacred)... -All male... -no meter (most notes equal in leng…
17 terms
Music: Medieval
Hildegard of Bingen
She wrote, drew, composed and was a mu…
She was a very important woman in medi…
Secular music is non-holy.
Who is this?
What did Hildegard of Bingen do?
Why was Hildegard of Bingen so important?
What is secular music?
Hildegard of Bingen
Who is this?
She wrote, drew, composed and was a mu…
What did Hildegard of Bingen do?
42 terms
Medieval Music
Date:Gregorian Chant
Date:Organum
Definition:homophonic
Definition: polyphonic
450-1450
890-1450
having the same sound, all parts move together
having two or more voice parts, each with an independent melo…
Date:Gregorian Chant
450-1450
Date:Organum
890-1450
76 terms
Medieval Music
Trivium
Quadrivium
St. Augustin of Hippo
Boethius
Grammar... Rhetoric... Logic
Arithmetic... Geometry... Music... Astronomy
4th Century... Medieval forerunner... Not necessarily theorist
6th Century... Primarily worked to preserve Ancient Greek music…
Trivium
Grammar... Rhetoric... Logic
Quadrivium
Arithmetic... Geometry... Music... Astronomy
23 terms
Medieval Music
historical event that marks the beginn…
define the "Dark Ages"
significance of the early Christian ch…
name and describe the Medieval chant
the fall of Rome
life was bleak, there was the "fatalistic attitude", and the…
all of the music during this time was Christian; the church w…
chant -- 1... organum -- 2... motet -- 4+
historical event that marks the beginn…
the fall of Rome
define the "Dark Ages"
life was bleak, there was the "fatalistic attitude", and the…
111 terms
Medieval Music ****
Troubadour
Trouvere
Minnesinger
Love (dawww)
Poet-composer of monophonic song in Old Occitan popular in 12…
Poet composer of monophonic song in Old French in 12th and 13…
Composer and/or singer of medieval, secular German songs. Pop…
Minnesingers sang songs generally focused on what subject?
Troubadour
Poet-composer of monophonic song in Old Occitan popular in 12…
Trouvere
Poet composer of monophonic song in Old French in 12th and 13…
72 terms
Medieval Music
antiphon
antiphonal
ars nova
ars antiqua
short syllabic pieces that precede and follow a psalm or cant…
singing or playing in alternating choruses
derives from c.1325 treatise on notation by Philippe de Vitry…
historian-used term to refer to the 13th century
antiphon
short syllabic pieces that precede and follow a psalm or cant…
antiphonal
singing or playing in alternating choruses
11 terms
Medieval Music
Responsorial Chant
Melisma
strophe/stanza
register
A type of plainchant in which a soloist's passage is followed…
A syllable of text sung to many notes
a verse of poetry or the music corresponding to that verse
The range of a pitch or series of pitches, usually described…
Responsorial Chant
A type of plainchant in which a soloist's passage is followed…
Melisma
A syllable of text sung to many notes
61 terms
Medieval Music
Date:Gregorian Chant
Organum Influence
Definition:homophonic
Definition: polyphonic
450-1450
890-1450; transition from monophonic to polyphonic textures…
having the same sound, all parts move together
having two or more voice parts, each with an independent melo…
Date:Gregorian Chant
450-1450
Organum Influence
890-1450; transition from monophonic to polyphonic textures…
Medieval Music
Medieval Period
Educated Musicians
Education centered in _______________…
Sole purpose for much music at beginni…
ca. 476 - ca. 1450
church people
monastery; cathedral
glorification of God
Medieval Period
ca. 476 - ca. 1450
Educated Musicians
church people
15 terms
Medieval Music Vocabulary
Gregorian Chant
Motet
sacred music
secular music
Early sacred music of the Roman Catholic Church that was sung…
Sacred homophonic song that is based on a preexisting chant t…
music of a religious nature
music that is not of a religious nature
Gregorian Chant
Early sacred music of the Roman Catholic Church that was sung…
Motet
Sacred homophonic song that is based on a preexisting chant t…
7 terms
Medieval Music
Time period of Medieval music
What did Guido d'arezzo invent in the…
Who was the first female composer?
What time period is the Consort of Vio…
1150-1400
staff
Hildegard
Medieval
Time period of Medieval music
1150-1400
What did Guido d'arezzo invent in the…
staff
17 terms
Medieval Music
Gregorian chant
Guido d'Rezzo
Neume
A capella
first music that was written down. It doesn't use measures. O…
Invented notes in 1025
Original name for a note
Music without instruments. Meaning "in the manner of the chap…
Gregorian chant
first music that was written down. It doesn't use measures. O…
Guido d'Rezzo
Invented notes in 1025
12 terms
Medieval Music
What were the years of Medieval Music?
What is Gregorian Chant?
Name the four time periods of Medieval…
What is the Divine Office.
1000-1450
A type of singing where everyone sings one line of melody wit…
1. Ars Antiqua - Early Christian ... 2. Romanesque... 3. Gothic... 4.…
The 8 times during the day where monks and priests were requi…
What were the years of Medieval Music?
1000-1450
What is Gregorian Chant?
A type of singing where everyone sings one line of melody wit…
20 terms
Medieval Music Vocabulary
sacred
secular
Gregorian Chant
monophonic
religious
not religious
simple sacred song that is monophonic and a cappella
one independent melody; a single line of music
sacred
religious
secular
not religious
11 terms
medieval music
score
octave
plainsong
parallel organum
written notation
series of 8 notes in a row
music with no strict meter
compositional method in which two voice parts sing the same m…
score
written notation
octave
series of 8 notes in a row
26 terms
Medieval Music
Troubadours
Troubadours
Love, pain
Troubadours
French musicians
Has secular music (church doesn't care)
Trobadours talks about
Pop music
Troubadours
French musicians
Troubadours
Has secular music (church doesn't care)
14 terms
Medieval Music
Frowned upon
Conflict... Religious services
1,000
Gregorian chant... Without
Insturments were ______ _______due to the use of them earlier.
Instruments became a source of ______ when composers wanted t…
For over ______ years, Gregorian chant has been the official…
Consists of a melody that is set to a sacred Latin text and s…
Frowned upon
Insturments were ______ _______due to the use of them earlier.
Conflict... Religious services
Instruments became a source of ______ when composers wanted t…
10 terms
Medieval Music
Hildegard
When was she around?
Secular Music
Sacred Music
Founded writing music down
12th Century
Not written for church
Written for church
Hildegard
Founded writing music down
When was she around?
12th Century
24 terms
Medieval Music
time period
gregorian chant (plainsong)
musical notation
syllabic singing
476-1450
unique collection of thousands of religious songs
how songs were preserved, aurally
one or two notes per syllable
time period
476-1450
gregorian chant (plainsong)
unique collection of thousands of religious songs
24 terms
Medieval Music Terms
neumes
Leonin
Perotin
Magnus Liber Organi
signs of early chant notation (ca 850-900)
pioneer of melismatic organum and measured organum (12th Cent…
younger contemporary of Leonin who added 3rd and4th voices to…
repertory of polyphonic works that could be interpolated (ins…
neumes
signs of early chant notation (ca 850-900)
Leonin
pioneer of melismatic organum and measured organum (12th Cent…
19 terms
Medieval music
How was medievvsl music viewed as?
When was the Medieval Era?
What was the melody like?
Was the there a divide between sacred…
Science not an art
450-1450
Step by step with a very narrow range
Yes a clear one
How was medievvsl music viewed as?
Science not an art
When was the Medieval Era?
450-1450
22 terms
Medieval Music
Chalumeau
Dulcimer
Flute
Harp
a simple rustic reed pipe, an
...
...
...
Chalumeau
a simple rustic reed pipe, an
Dulcimer
...
10 terms
Medieval music
Significance of medieval music
Notation
Chant
syllabic vs melismatic
shift from written culture to oral culture
innovations of rhythm
(gregorian chant or plain chant) monophobic
s - one pitch for syllable ... m - multiple pitch for syllable
Significance of medieval music
shift from written culture to oral culture
Notation
innovations of rhythm
38 terms
Medieval Music
Plainchant (Gregorian Chant)
Characteristics of plainchant:
Tritone C-F #
Text Setting: Syllabic
named for Pope Gregory I (540-604) who is credited with devel…
-All males voices (unaccompanied)... -Modal... -No clearly defined…
Considered to be the devil in music
One note of music per syllable of text
Plainchant (Gregorian Chant)
named for Pope Gregory I (540-604) who is credited with devel…
Characteristics of plainchant:
-All males voices (unaccompanied)... -Modal... -No clearly defined…
123 terms
Medieval Music
Charlemagne
Gregorian chant
Pope gregory II
Egeria
Great military leader of the middle ages. Replaced local and…
A combinationnof frankish and roman elements in music
Compiled all gregorian chants
Witnessed to plainchant practices
Charlemagne
Great military leader of the middle ages. Replaced local and…
Gregorian chant
A combinationnof frankish and roman elements in music
49 terms
Medieval music
Many of the mideval composers remain a…
The span of the middle ages covered al…
The church dominated the intellectual…
The scales on which they based the med…
True
True
True
True
Many of the mideval composers remain a…
True
The span of the middle ages covered al…
True
15 terms
Medieval Music
Ut queant laxis
Puer natus est nobis
Kyrie
Tecum principium and Dixit dominus
Guido of Arezzo (?), 1000, Italy (?), hymn
composer unknown, before 800, France (?), Introit-Mass Proper
composer unknown, 1000, France (?), Kyrie (Mass Ordinary)
composer unknown, before 800, France (?), antiphon and psalm…
Ut queant laxis
Guido of Arezzo (?), 1000, Italy (?), hymn
Puer natus est nobis
composer unknown, before 800, France (?), Introit-Mass Proper
17 terms
Medieval music
Victimae Paschali Laudes
Ordo virtutum, In Principio Omnes
Can vei la lauzeta mover
A chantar
Author: Wipo of Burgandy... Melody: Melody is wide(more than an…
Author: HIldegard of Bingen (1098-1179)... Genre: Sacred music d…
Author: Bernart de Ventadorn (1130-1200)... Genre: Canso (trouba…
Author: Comtessa de Dia (late 12th early 13th century)... Genre:…
Victimae Paschali Laudes
Author: Wipo of Burgandy... Melody: Melody is wide(more than an…
Ordo virtutum, In Principio Omnes
Author: HIldegard of Bingen (1098-1179)... Genre: Sacred music d…
26 terms
Medieval Music
Introit
Kyrie
Gloria
Gradual
1) Mass Proper
Greek (Not Latin), neumatic, Kyrie eeison, Criste eleison, Ky…
Syllabic or neumatic, omitted during Lent, Advent, and other…
4) Mass Proper
Introit
1) Mass Proper
Kyrie
Greek (Not Latin), neumatic, Kyrie eeison, Criste eleison, Ky…
Medieval music
Gregorian chant
Sacred music melody
Dates
Sacred music rhythm
plainsong
diatonic and chromatic notes... stepwise... small range... voices alte…
400-1475
no clear rhythm... triple meter... notes in equal value
Gregorian chant
plainsong
Sacred music melody
diatonic and chromatic notes... stepwise... small range... voices alte…
medieval music
parts of a mass
chant ... melodic contour
chant... rythym
chant... meter
high mass ... ordinary mass
conjunct for the most part, may have some skips
reflecting the natural inflection of the text
none
parts of a mass
high mass ... ordinary mass
chant ... melodic contour
conjunct for the most part, may have some skips
11 terms
Medieval Music
Score
Octave
Plainsong
Parallel Organum
written notation of music
8 notes in a row based on pitch
Music with no strict meter or accompanyment
Composition method in which two voice parts sing the same mel…
Score
written notation of music
Octave
8 notes in a row based on pitch
8 terms
Medieval Music
liturgy
linear polyphony
unison
a cappella
the text and formal arrangement of a religious service
polyphonic music conceived without an intention that the comb…
production of music by several voices or instruments at the s…
unaccompanied group singing
liturgy
the text and formal arrangement of a religious service
linear polyphony
polyphonic music conceived without an intention that the comb…
11 terms
Medieval Music
Octave
Score
Plainsong
Parallel organum
Series of eight notes in a row.
Written notation.
Music with no strict meter or accompaniment sung by a single…
A compositional method in which two voices sing the same melo…
Octave
Series of eight notes in a row.
Score
Written notation.
58 terms
Medieval Music
echoi
schola cantorum
Liber Usualis
Gregorian Chant
Conglomerate of different melodies
Singing schools to educate and organize the worship by priest…
A collection of prayers, verses, and songs for each day, writ…
A type of song with sacred subject matter and long notes
echoi
Conglomerate of different melodies
schola cantorum
Singing schools to educate and organize the worship by priest…
44 terms
Medieval music
Boethius
Roman liturgy standardized (when?)
Church modes
Quasi-sacred genres
Music mundana, music humana, musica instrumentalis
8th century
Ambitus, Final, Tenor
Conductus versus, goliard songs, epic poems (chansons de geste)
Boethius
Music mundana, music humana, musica instrumentalis
Roman liturgy standardized (when?)
8th century
Medieval Music
Medieval Music time period
Boethius (480-c.525)
The three types of music according to…
Mass
The end of the Roman empire (476) to the age of discovery (14…
professor. Studied the four mathematical sciences and wrote "…
Music of Sound, Music of Harmony, and Music of the World
Most important service in the church cycle. Reenactment of th…
Medieval Music time period
The end of the Roman empire (476) to the age of discovery (14…
Boethius (480-c.525)
professor. Studied the four mathematical sciences and wrote "…
24 terms
Medieval Music Terms II
sacred
liturgy
plainchant
monophonic texture
connected with God or dedicated to a religious purpose and so…
the prescribed body of text to be spoken or sung and ritual a…
consist of a single line melody, which is unaccompanied, mono…
an unaccompanied single vocal line, which could be presented…
sacred
connected with God or dedicated to a religious purpose and so…
liturgy
the prescribed body of text to be spoken or sung and ritual a…
15 terms
Medieval Music
Plainchant
Monophonic
melismatic
Organum
Chants used in church liturgies.... monophonic... started and ended…
one line of a melody
multiple notes per syllable
earliest form of polyphonic music.... two melodic lines... syllabic
Plainchant
Chants used in church liturgies.... monophonic... started and ended…
Monophonic
one line of a melody
5 terms
Medieval Music
Puer natus est nobis
Viderunt Omnes
Viderunt Omnes
Viderunt Omnes (part 1)
Written by: Anon, Genre: Greg. Chant, Date: 750s-800s
Written by: Anon, Genre: Greg.Chant, Date: 750s-800s
Written by: Leonin, Genre: Early Organum, Date: 1180s
Written by: Perotin, Genre: N.D. Organum, Date: 1200s
Puer natus est nobis
Written by: Anon, Genre: Greg. Chant, Date: 750s-800s
Viderunt Omnes
Written by: Anon, Genre: Greg.Chant, Date: 750s-800s
30 terms
Music medieval
medium aevum
Nobles, Clergy Peasants
Early Middle Ages
Roman Catholic Church
Means "middle age" and is source of english word medieval
Three social classes
Dark ages/chaotic period
Was the most powerful political, social and cultural institut…
medium aevum
Means "middle age" and is source of english word medieval
Nobles, Clergy Peasants
Three social classes
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