How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "medsurg lecture"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "medsurg lecture"

10 terms
Medsurg Medications - Lecture 1
Salicylates (aspirin)
Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil)
Penicillins (amoxicillin)
anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet... Side Effects: upper GI bleed…
NOT anti-inflammatory, NOT anti-platelet... Side Effects: anemia…
anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet... Side Effects: drowsiness, se…
cell wall, URI, ENT... Side Effects: glossitis/stomatitis, gastr…
Salicylates (aspirin)
anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet... Side Effects: upper GI bleed…
Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
NOT anti-inflammatory, NOT anti-platelet... Side Effects: anemia…
24 terms
Medsurg Lecture: Transfusion Therapy
Transfusion Fatalities
Blood Admin Options
Universal Donor
Universal Recipient
Second highest cause of fatality in hospitals except for infe…
A can receive A, O... B can receive B, O... AB can receive A, B, AB…
O-
AB+
Transfusion Fatalities
Second highest cause of fatality in hospitals except for infe…
Blood Admin Options
A can receive A, O... B can receive B, O... AB can receive A, B, AB…
28 terms
Medsurg Lecture: Hematology
Changes with Aging
Know lab values!
Red Blood Cell Disorders
Anemia Definition
- Dec production RBCs and WBCs... - Dec blood volume... - Fewer pla…
- RBCs: actual count of RBCs, 4.2-6.1million/uL, low level =…
...
- A clinical sign, not a disease... - Multiple types, different…
Changes with Aging
- Dec production RBCs and WBCs... - Dec blood volume... - Fewer pla…
Know lab values!
- RBCs: actual count of RBCs, 4.2-6.1million/uL, low level =…
8 terms
Medsurg Endocrine Lecture
Hormone Regulations and Functions
Pituitary Gland
Anatomy and Physiology of the Pituitar…
Nursing Assessment of the Pituitary Gl…
a
...
...
...
Hormone Regulations and Functions
a
Pituitary Gland
...
35 terms
medsurg ch. 1 lecture
the joint commission
national patient safety goals
medical harm
rapid response teams
offers peer evaluation for accreditation every 3 years for al…
goals require health care organizations to focus on specific…
refers not only to physician incidents but also to errors cau…
also called medical emergency team (MET); save lives and decr…
the joint commission
offers peer evaluation for accreditation every 3 years for al…
national patient safety goals
goals require health care organizations to focus on specific…
Medsurg Cardiac Lecture
Acute Coronary Syndrome-Assessment Fin…
Labs and Diagnostic tests for ACS
Chest xrays do not diagnoe ACS buyt does
Unstable Angina Labs and Diagnostics
chest pain or other pain(referred pain sites)... tachycardia and…
EKG within 10minutes of admission or onset of symptoms... labs (…
myopathy,
EKG changes (multiple can happen but not an ST segment elevat…
Acute Coronary Syndrome-Assessment Fin…
chest pain or other pain(referred pain sites)... tachycardia and…
Labs and Diagnostic tests for ACS
EKG within 10minutes of admission or onset of symptoms... labs (…
40 terms
MEDSURG 1 Lecture 1 Vocab
Acidosis
Alkalosis
Acid
Base
A condition that makes the blood too acidic
A condition that tends to make the blood relatively too basic…
Any substance that has a pH lower than 7.0
Substances that take up hydrogen ions in detectable amounts
Acidosis
A condition that makes the blood too acidic
Alkalosis
A condition that tends to make the blood relatively too basic…
48 terms
MEDSURG 1 Lecture 1 & Vocab
Acidosis
Alkalosis
Acid
Base
A condition that makes the blood too acidic
A condition that tends to make the blood relatively too basic…
Any substance that has a pH lower than 7.0
Substances that take up hydrogen ions in detectable amounts
Acidosis
A condition that makes the blood too acidic
Alkalosis
A condition that tends to make the blood relatively too basic…
21 terms
Medsurg Ch. 27 Lecture 1
atherosclerosis
occlusion of coronary arteries
collateral circulation
younger person
blockage of coronary artery due to buildup of plaque/ cholest…
lesions developing, becoming clots, and then hardening of the…
our body in an attempt to compensate for the reduction of blo…
older or younger person is more likely to have a SEVERE MI
atherosclerosis
blockage of coronary artery due to buildup of plaque/ cholest…
occlusion of coronary arteries
lesions developing, becoming clots, and then hardening of the…
19 terms
Medsurg Ch. 27 Lecture 2
stable angina
unstable angina
intractable angina
Prinzmetal's or variant
patient is exercising, develops chest pain, but pain goes awa…
patient is doing activity, doing exercise and feels chest pai…
patient is experiencing pain DESPITE being on med therapy (ni…
chest pain that is due to a coronary artery SPASM; can occur…
stable angina
patient is exercising, develops chest pain, but pain goes awa…
unstable angina
patient is doing activity, doing exercise and feels chest pai…
85 terms
Medsurg Lecture: Adult Cardiovascular Disorders
Cardiovascular Diseases
Comorbidities Influencing CVD
Heart Failure
Left Sided Heart Failure
- Heart Failure (CHF)... - Vascular Disease... - Hypertension... - Cor…
- Diabetes (Die of same thing as rest of pop., but changes in…
- AKA Pump Failure... - Left sided... - Right sided... - High Output…
- CHF is the old term... - High pressure system
Cardiovascular Diseases
- Heart Failure (CHF)... - Vascular Disease... - Hypertension... - Cor…
Comorbidities Influencing CVD
- Diabetes (Die of same thing as rest of pop., but changes in…
47 terms
Video Lecture 1140 (MEDSURGE)
Trans-cellular Fluid
Intracelluar space
Extracellular Space
Potassium
Fluids seperate of cell fluids (not in cells), include synovi…
[(ICF) Intracellular fluids]... About 25 liters
[(ECF) Extracellular fluids]... Interstitial space... -10-12 liter…
Kidneys are major regulator of water and sodium balance, main…
Trans-cellular Fluid
Fluids seperate of cell fluids (not in cells), include synovi…
Intracelluar space
[(ICF) Intracellular fluids]... About 25 liters
52 terms
Medsurg Lecture: Pulmonary Part 2/2
Obstructive and Restrictive Lung Disea…
Categories of Lung Diseases
Obstructive Lung Diseases
Restrictive Lung Diseases
...
- Obstructive lung disease... - Restrictive lung disease... - Pulmo…
- Chronic bronchitis and emphysema... - Asthma... - Cystic Fibrosis
- Acute bronchitis... - Bacterial or fungal infections: TB, pneu…
Obstructive and Restrictive Lung Disea…
...
Categories of Lung Diseases
- Obstructive lung disease... - Restrictive lung disease... - Pulmo…
81 terms
Medsurg Lecture: Pulmonary Part 1/2
Respiratory Changes with Aging
Change in Size and Shape of Chest Wall
Entire Pulmonary Tree Less Elastic
Dec Capacity for Gas Exchange
- Changes in size and shape of the chest wall... - Entire pulmon…
- Kyphotic appearance: lose height... - Alter ability to breathe…
- Less able to adequately clear secretions from lungs... - More…
- More prone to hypoxemia... - Can become confused more easily d…
Respiratory Changes with Aging
- Changes in size and shape of the chest wall... - Entire pulmon…
Change in Size and Shape of Chest Wall
- Kyphotic appearance: lose height... - Alter ability to breathe…
17 terms
Questions from medsurg lecture weeks 1 and 2
True or False?... the intraoperative phas…
Which medication classifications must…
True or False?... The primary goal of wit…
True or False?... The circulating nurse i…
False
Diuretics
True
True
True or False?... the intraoperative phas…
False
Which medication classifications must…
Diuretics
12 terms
Class Lecture: Elect. and Fluids 1140 MEDSURGE
Barriers to infection
Empric Theory
Classes of Antibiotics
Sulfomanides
Intact skin, ciliated mucsoa, phagocytic cells, healthy immun…
Admin. of antibiotics based on practitioners judgement of pat…
Distinguished by mechanism of action, potency, toxicity and p…
One of the first antibiotic groups... Bacteriostatic by preventi…
Barriers to infection
Intact skin, ciliated mucsoa, phagocytic cells, healthy immun…
Empric Theory
Admin. of antibiotics based on practitioners judgement of pat…
98 terms
Medsurg C final- important stuff from lectures that she said "test"
pharmokinetic changes in aging: absorp…
Pharmokinetic changes in aging: distri…
Pharmokinetic changes in aging: metabo…
Pharmokinetic changes in aging: excret…
Movement of a drug from site of administration to... systemic ci…
• Movement of drug from systemic circulation to... site of actio…
With aging there is a decrease in hepatic blood flow... • This c…
Important implications for older adults: renal function decre…
pharmokinetic changes in aging: absorp…
Movement of a drug from site of administration to... systemic ci…
Pharmokinetic changes in aging: distri…
• Movement of drug from systemic circulation to... site of actio…
44 terms
medsurg 26
anastomosis
colostomy
continent
ileostomy
communication or connection between two organs or parts of or…
surgically created opening in the colon
capable of controlling natural impulses; in relation to an os…
surgically created opening in the colon
anastomosis
communication or connection between two organs or parts of or…
colostomy
surgically created opening in the colon
8 terms
EKG strips quiz nclex-rn major ones to know
regular sinus rhythm
sinus bradycardia
sinus tachycardia
atrial fibrillation
regular sinus rhythm
sinus bradycardia
21 terms
heart
pulmonary circuit
Arteries
veins
Capillaries
carries oxygen-poor (deoxygenated) blood from the heart to th…
carry blood away from the heart, thicker with more resistance
return blood to the heart, thinner with less resistance
tiny vessels between the smallest arteries and veins.
pulmonary circuit
carries oxygen-poor (deoxygenated) blood from the heart to th…
Arteries
carry blood away from the heart, thicker with more resistance
38 terms
Ch 19: Intraoperative Care Medical Surgical Nursing TEXT + Lecture notes
Most common surgeries
SCIP
unrestricted areas of surgical departm…
holding area
-opthalmologic... -gynecologic... -plastic surgery... -otorhinolaryngo…
-surgical care improvement project... Reduce incidence of surgic…
-personnel in street clothes interact with those in scrubs... -h…
-pre-op... -identify and assess patient... -insert IV... -being some S…
Most common surgeries
-opthalmologic... -gynecologic... -plastic surgery... -otorhinolaryngo…
SCIP
-surgical care improvement project... Reduce incidence of surgic…
12 terms
Cranial Nerves - detailed
Cranial Nerve I
Cranial Nerve II
Cranial Nerve III
Cranial Nerve IV
Olfactory... Sensory, smell. ... Passes through perforations in t…
Optic... Sensory, vision... Optic nerves from the right and left…
Oculomotor... Somatic Sensory: 2 branches:... 1. Superior Branch:…
Trochlear... Somatic motor: superior oblique muscles ... 1. Intor…
Cranial Nerve I
Olfactory... Sensory, smell. ... Passes through perforations in t…
Cranial Nerve II
Optic... Sensory, vision... Optic nerves from the right and left…
39 terms
Chapter 13 Overview of the Nervous System (Mader)
central nervous system (CNS)
somatic nervous system
peripheral nervous system (PNS)
autonomic nervous system
Brain and spinal cord
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscl…
Cranial nerves and spinal nerves
Regulates the activity of the *cardiac muscle, smooth muscle,…
central nervous system (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord
somatic nervous system
Controls voluntary activities (activation of skeletal muscl…
99 terms
Endocrine System Study Guide- A&P
acromegaly
addison disease
adrenal gland
adrenal medula
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
middle of adrenal gland, secretes catecholamines (epinephrine…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities. Hypersecretion of GH after lo…
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex: results in bronzing of…
50 terms
Electrolytes
Na+ normal value
K+ normal value
Cl- normal value
Ca+2 normal value
135-145 (140)
3.5-5.0 (4.4)
98-106 (104)
8.4-10.5 (9.4)
Na+ normal value
135-145 (140)
K+ normal value
3.5-5.0 (4.4)
896 terms
Mark Klimek Lecture Outlines Edited May 2015
If the pH and the BiCarb are both in t…
If the pH is up it is?
As the pH goes so goes my patient exce…
If the pH is down it is?
Metabolc
Alkalosis
Potassium
Acidosis
If the pH and the BiCarb are both in t…
Metabolc
If the pH is up it is?
Alkalosis
37 terms
Ch 18: Preoperative Care Medical Surgical Nursing TEXT + Lecture notes
surgery
Purposes of surgery
elective surgery
emergency surgery
art and science of treating diseases, injuries, and deformiti…
-diagnosis (ex: biopsy)... -cure (ex. appendectomy)... -palliation…
-A surgical procedure that may be scheduled in advance, is no…
-must be performed immediately to save life or preserve funct…
surgery
art and science of treating diseases, injuries, and deformiti…
Purposes of surgery
-diagnosis (ex: biopsy)... -cure (ex. appendectomy)... -palliation…
30 terms
ECG Interpretation - Critical Care
Sinus Rhythm
SINUS BRADYCARDIA
Sinus Tachycardia
Sinus Arrhythmia
Rhythm - R-R and P-P intervals are regular... Rate - 60 to 100…
Rhythm - R-R and P-P intervals are regular... Rate - Less than…
Rhythm - R-R and P-P intervals are regular... Rate - 101 to 180…
Rhythm - Irregular and phasic with breathing; heart rate incr…
Sinus Rhythm
Rhythm - R-R and P-P intervals are regular... Rate - 60 to 100…
SINUS BRADYCARDIA
Rhythm - R-R and P-P intervals are regular... Rate - Less than…
33 terms
medsurge chapter 33 lewis
In a severely anemic patient, you expe…
When obtaining assessment data from a…
When caring for a patient with metasta…
You are caring for a patient with a di…
A. dyspnea and tachycardia.... Patients with severe anemia (hem…
B. dietary intake of iron.... Iron deficiency anemia is a type…
B. fatigue.... The patient with a low hemoglobin level and hema…
B. Brittle nails; smooth, shiny tongue; and cheilosis... Specif…
In a severely anemic patient, you expe…
A. dyspnea and tachycardia.... Patients with severe anemia (hem…
When obtaining assessment data from a…
B. dietary intake of iron.... Iron deficiency anemia is a type…
56 terms
Ch 20: Postoperative Care Medical Surgical Nursing TEXT + Lecture notes
PACU
post op period
care in the PACU phase I
care in the PACU phase II
post operative care unit... "recovery room"
-begins immediately after surgery... -nursing care= protecting t…
-care during immediate postanesthesia period... -ECG and more in…
-ambulatory surgery patients... -goal = prepare pt for transfer…
PACU
post operative care unit... "recovery room"
post op period
-begins immediately after surgery... -nursing care= protecting t…
32 terms
18 The Lymphatic and Immune Systems
Lymph
Lymphatic system
Name the three components of the lymph…
Steps of Lymph Flow
-Clear-to-white fluid made of white blood cells, especially l…
Returns leaked plasma to the blood stream... Screen lymph for fo…
Vessels... Organs... Cells
Capillaries... Vessels... Nodes... Trunks... Ducts... Venous Circulation
Lymph
-Clear-to-white fluid made of white blood cells, especially l…
Lymphatic system
Returns leaked plasma to the blood stream... Screen lymph for fo…
57 terms
Foundations - Medication Admin. Lecture (31)
federal regulations
Drug names
chemical drug name
generic
Pure Food & Drug Act, Food & Drug Administration, MedWatch pr…
chemical, generic, trade
provides the exact description of medication's composition &…
the manufacturer who first develops the drug assigns the name…
federal regulations
Pure Food & Drug Act, Food & Drug Administration, MedWatch pr…
Drug names
chemical, generic, trade
223 terms
HESI - Heart Terms
Angiogram
Angioplasty
Anoxia
Aorta
an X-ray representation of blood vessels made after the injec…
an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a co…
lack of oxygen
largest artery in the body
Angiogram
an X-ray representation of blood vessels made after the injec…
Angioplasty
an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a co…
896 terms
Mark Klimek Lecture Outlines Edited May 2015
If the pH and the BiCarb are both in t…
If the pH is up it is?
As the pH goes so goes my patient exce…
If the pH is down it is?
Metabolc
Alkalosis
Potassium
Acidosis
If the pH and the BiCarb are both in t…
Metabolc
If the pH is up it is?
Alkalosis
14 terms
Angina Lecture
Stable Angina
Stable Angina tx
Unstable angina
Unstable Angina tx
-less than or = to 70% narrowing of coronary arteries... -pain r…
Priority is pain relief... -nitroglycerin- can prevent pain by p…
- also called pre-infarction angina or acute coronary syndrom…
-Priority is pain relief... -pt comes to Emergency ... continues to…
Stable Angina
-less than or = to 70% narrowing of coronary arteries... -pain r…
Stable Angina tx
Priority is pain relief... -nitroglycerin- can prevent pain by p…
90 terms
Lewis Med-Surg Ch 55
To determine the severity of the sympt…
A patient who has been recently diagno…
The health care provider prescribes fi…
A patient has an enlarged prostate det…
ANS: D... The American Urological Association (AUA) Symptom Inde…
ANS: D... ED is not a concern with TURP, although retrograde eja…
ANS: B... A decrease in libido is a side effect of finasteride b…
ANS: D... In a patient with an abnormal DRE and elevated PSA, tr…
To determine the severity of the sympt…
ANS: D... The American Urological Association (AUA) Symptom Inde…
A patient who has been recently diagno…
ANS: D... ED is not a concern with TURP, although retrograde eja…
134 terms
endocrine NCLEX
A nurse is collecting data regarding a…
A nurse is assisting with preparing a…
A nurse provides dietary instructions…
A nurse reinforces teaching with a cli…
1. Check for signs of bleeding.... 2. Administer calcium glucona…
1. Soak the feet in hot water.... 2. Avoid using soap to wash th…
1. "I'll eat a balanced meal plan."... 2. "I need to drink diet…
1. Polyuria... 2. Shakiness... 3. Blurred vision... 4. Fruity breath…
A nurse is collecting data regarding a…
1. Check for signs of bleeding.... 2. Administer calcium glucona…
A nurse is assisting with preparing a…
1. Soak the feet in hot water.... 2. Avoid using soap to wash th…
125 terms
Lewis: MED-SURG: Chapter 50: Endocrine Problems
A patient suspected of having acromega…
During assessment of the patient with…
A patient with acromegaly is treated w…
What findings are commonly found in a…
d. A normal response to growth hormone (GH) secretion... is stim…
c. The increased production of GH in acromegaly causes an inc…
a. A transsphenoidal hypophysectomy involves entry into the s…
d. Compression of the optic chiasm can cause visual problems…
A patient suspected of having acromega…
d. A normal response to growth hormone (GH) secretion... is stim…
During assessment of the patient with…
c. The increased production of GH in acromegaly causes an inc…
40 terms
Urinary System
bladder
anuria
diuretic
dysuria
Organ contains three layers of smooth muscle & two sphincters…
Condition of "no urine"; this condition will require dialysis…
This type of drug will increase urination.
Term meaning painful urination.
bladder
Organ contains three layers of smooth muscle & two sphincters…
anuria
Condition of "no urine"; this condition will require dialysis…
129 terms
Pathophys Chapter 8 Lecture
Bacteria characteristics
Virus characteristic
What is the 3rd line of defense of the…
Characteristics of adaptive immune res…
-larger than viruses... -living organisms that can reproduce... -si…
structre: may have outer envelope, all viruses have protein c…
adaptive immune response
- specificity... - memory cells capable of remembering antigen... -…
Bacteria characteristics
-larger than viruses... -living organisms that can reproduce... -si…
Virus characteristic
structre: may have outer envelope, all viruses have protein c…
44 terms
Acid, Base, Fluid and Electrolytes
Approximately what percentage of the b…
Intracellular fluid is located
Extracellular fluid is comprised of __…
Extracellular fluid is ____________ pe…
50-70%
within the cells.
Interstitial fluid and intravascular fluid.
15%
Approximately what percentage of the b…
50-70%
Intracellular fluid is located
within the cells.
306 terms
MedSurg Comprehensive Final with Rationales
A client admitted for acute pyelonephr…
Discharge instructions for a client tr…
A client is complaining of severe flan…
A client is diagnosed with cystitis. C…
RATIONAL: 2) The client may complain of pain on the affected…
RATIONALE: 2) The client needs to return for follow-up urine…
RATIONALE: 1) Urine should be strained for calculi and sent t…
RATIONALE: 2) Cotton underwear prevents infection because it…
A client admitted for acute pyelonephr…
RATIONAL: 2) The client may complain of pain on the affected…
Discharge instructions for a client tr…
RATIONALE: 2) The client needs to return for follow-up urine…
41 terms
Endocrine System Study Guide-
Adrenal gland
diabetes
Endocrine system
Glucose
either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near th…
A medical condition that can cause the body to require the en…
The system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that h…
The body's blood sugar; a simple form of carbohydrate
Adrenal gland
either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near th…
diabetes
A medical condition that can cause the body to require the en…
114 terms
Endocrine System Terminology & Pathologies
acromegaly
addison disease
adrenalectomy
adrenal gland
enlargement of the extremities
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex
surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands
either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near th…
acromegaly
enlargement of the extremities
addison disease
hypofunctioning of the adrenal cortex
33 terms
STD lecture
Bacterial vaginosis (BV)
BV S/S
Treatment of BV
Chlamydia
-A condition in women where the normal balance of bacteria in…
-Abnormal vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor. (strong…
Antibiotics -metronidazole or clindamycin... Male partners gener…
Caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis, which can dam…
Bacterial vaginosis (BV)
-A condition in women where the normal balance of bacteria in…
BV S/S
-Abnormal vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor. (strong…
54 terms
Heart Diagram
Aorta
Superior Vena Cava
Right Pulmonary Artery
Right Pulmonary Vein
A
B
C
D
Aorta
A
Superior Vena Cava
B
60 terms
EKG rhythms
Normal Sinus Rhythm
Sinus Arrest
Sinus arrhythmia
Sinus Bradycardia
60-100 bpm... all complexes normal and evenly spaced (P, QRS, T)
- SA node doesn't fire... - notice absence of P-wave for a comp…
all complexes normal but rhythmically irreg... - normal finding…
<60... normal sinus rhythm
Normal Sinus Rhythm
60-100 bpm... all complexes normal and evenly spaced (P, QRS, T)
Sinus Arrest
- SA node doesn't fire... - notice absence of P-wave for a comp…
19 terms
Lewis Med-Surg Ch 53
A 32-year-old man who has a profuse, p…
A 20-year-old woman who is being seen…
A 22-year-old patient with gonorrhea i…
A 46-year-old man who has had blood dr…
ANS: D... Information about sexual contacts is needed to help es…
ANS: A... Testing for Chlamydia is recommended for all sexually…
ANS: B... Because there is a high incidence of co-infection with…
ANS: A... Once antibody testing is positive for syphilis, the an…
A 32-year-old man who has a profuse, p…
ANS: D... Information about sexual contacts is needed to help es…
A 20-year-old woman who is being seen…
ANS: A... Testing for Chlamydia is recommended for all sexually…
145 terms
MedSurg Exam 1 - Fluid & Electrolytes
The Six Competencies
Patient Centered Care
Teamwork & Collaboration
Evidence Based Practice
Patient Centered Care, Teamwork and Collaboration, evidence-b…
Recognize the patient as the source of control and full partn…
Function effectively within nursing and inter-professional te…
Integrate best current evidence with clinical expertise and p…
The Six Competencies
Patient Centered Care, Teamwork and Collaboration, evidence-b…
Patient Centered Care
Recognize the patient as the source of control and full partn…
404 terms
Combo with "NURS 301 Cardiovascular Lecture 1 Test 2" and 3 others
What are the three layers of the heart?
What keeps the heart from rubbing agai…
What is the blood flow through the hea…
Blood flow into the two major coronary…
The endocardium (inner lining), myocardium (middle muscular l…
The pericardial fluid which is inside the pericardial sac lub…
1. The right atrium receives venous blood from the inferior a…
Diastole (relaxation of the myocardium)
What are the three layers of the heart?
The endocardium (inner lining), myocardium (middle muscular l…
What keeps the heart from rubbing agai…
The pericardial fluid which is inside the pericardial sac lub…
1 of 5