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Study sets matching "meiosis biology mitosis"

74 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
71 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
52 terms
AP Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
two
genome
chromosomes
chromatin
How many daughter cells are produced in mitosis?
-consists of all the DNA in a cell... -holds specific genetic tr…
-packages in a cell which contain DNA molecules... -humans have…
-makes up chromosomes... -complex of DNA and protein
two
How many daughter cells are produced in mitosis?
genome
-consists of all the DNA in a cell... -holds specific genetic tr…
20 terms
AP Biology mitosis and meiosis
Meiosis
Somatic Cells
Prophase I
Kinetechores
Produces unique haploid gamete cells
Identical cells produced during Mitosis
The stage in which chromosomes Cross over
Responsible for moving spindle fibers
Meiosis
Produces unique haploid gamete cells
Somatic Cells
Identical cells produced during Mitosis
71 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
45 terms
Biology Mitosis, Meiosis, Reproduction
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Gametes
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
A cell with n number of chromosomes. Comes from the Greek wor…
Sex cells that have half the number of chromosomes. Each game…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
Diploid
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
45 terms
Biology Mitosis, Meiosis, Reproduction
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Gametes
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
A cell with n number of chromosomes. Comes from the Greek wor…
Sex cells that have half the number of chromosomes. Each game…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
Diploid
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
39 terms
WHS Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis Vocabulary
Amino Acid
Anaphase
Anticodon
Asexual Reproduction
compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group…
phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule that are complementar…
process of reproduction involving a single parent that result…
Amino Acid
compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group…
Anaphase
phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes separate and move t…
Biology Unit 06 - Mitosis/Meiosis
anaphase
asexual reproduction
cell cycle
cell plate
the third phase of mitosis, during which the chromosome pairs…
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
cycle of growth and asexual reproduction of a cell, consistin…
location where new plant cell wall that forms during cell div…
anaphase
the third phase of mitosis, during which the chromosome pairs…
asexual reproduction
process by which a single parent reproduces by itself
22 terms
Biology-Meiosis vs. Mitosis
The letter N
Somatic (body) cells
Diploid (2N) cells in a human
Gametes-Have ___ set of chromosomes
Represents one set of chromosomes
Diploid cells-have 2 sets of chromosomes; one set from each p…
46 diploid cells in humans
Gametes have 1 set of chromosomes
The letter N
Represents one set of chromosomes
Somatic (body) cells
Diploid cells-have 2 sets of chromosomes; one set from each p…
42 terms
AP Biology; Meiosis and Mitosis
Prophase One
Metaphase One
Anaphase One
Telophase and Cytokinesis One
* Chromosomes condense ... * Paired homologous chromosomes becom…
* Pairs of homologous chromosomes are lined at the metaphase…
* Breakdown of proteins allow chromosomes to separate ... * The…
* Completion of the duplication of chromosomes. Cytokinesis i…
Prophase One
* Chromosomes condense ... * Paired homologous chromosomes becom…
Metaphase One
* Pairs of homologous chromosomes are lined at the metaphase…
30 terms
BIOLOGY Mitosis and Meiosis Test
Mitosis
Organelles in a Cell Undergoing Mitosis
Chromatin
Chromatids
substance found in eukaryotic chromosomes that consists of DN…
one of the two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chrom…
Mitosis
Organelles in a Cell Undergoing Mitosis
25 terms
Biology Genetics and Mitosis/Meiosis
Allele
heterozygous
Homozygous
Genotype
Different form of a gene
Different Allele Tt
Same Allele TT
Genetic Makeup
Allele
Different form of a gene
heterozygous
Different Allele Tt
35 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
Gonad
Independent Assortment
S-Phase
Oogenesis
an organ in a multicellular organism which is able to produce…
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
2nd stage of interphase, where the cells' nuclear DNA is repl…
production of eggs, development of ova
Gonad
an organ in a multicellular organism which is able to produce…
Independent Assortment
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
46 terms
Biology Chapter 5 Mitosis and Meiosis
prophase
prophase
telophase
telophase
Chromatids form during
spindle fibers form during
nuclear membrane reforms during
Chromosomes lose form
prophase
Chromatids form during
prophase
spindle fibers form during
24 terms
Biology (Mandziara) - Mitosis and Meiosis
Cell cycle
Interphase
Mitosis
Cytokinesis
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
first stage of the cell cycle during which a cell grows, matu…
second main stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's r…
third main stage of the cell cycle during which the cell's cy…
Cell cycle
process of cellular reproduction, occurring in three main sta…
Interphase
first stage of the cell cycle during which a cell grows, matu…
71 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
45 terms
Biology Mitosis, Meiosis, Reproduction
Meiosis
Diploid
Haploid
Gametes
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
A cell with n number of chromosomes. Comes from the Greek wor…
Sex cells that have half the number of chromosomes. Each game…
Meiosis
A type of cell division that reduces the number of chromosome…
Diploid
A cell that contains 2n number of chromosomes.
25 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Interphase
Prophase
28 terms
Biology Final: Mitosis & Meiosis
Sister chromatids
Homologous chromosomes
Allele
Haploid
Identical chromosomes joined by a centromere
Chromosomes that contain the same genes but may have differen…
Variation of a gene
Possesses one copy of each chromosome
Sister chromatids
Identical chromosomes joined by a centromere
Homologous chromosomes
Chromosomes that contain the same genes but may have differen…
8 terms
AP Biology; Meiosis and Mitosis
Prophase One
Metaphase One
Anaphase One
Telophase and Cytokinesis One
* Chromosomes condense ... * Paired homologous chromosomes becom…
* Pairs of homologous chromosomes are lined at the metaphase…
* Breakdown of proteins allow chromosomes to separate ... * The…
* Completion of the duplication of chromosomes. Cytokinesis i…
Prophase One
* Chromosomes condense ... * Paired homologous chromosomes becom…
Metaphase One
* Pairs of homologous chromosomes are lined at the metaphase…
32 terms
SAT II Biology - Mitosis & Meiosis
Meiosis
Mitosis
Sister chromatids
centromere
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
Replicated forms of a chromosome joined together by the centr…
Area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
Meiosis
A type of cell division that results in two daughter cells ea…
Mitosis
Cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei contai…
49 terms
Biology EOC Mitosis & Meiosis
mitosis
as a cell grows its surface area to vo…
cell division
asexual reproduction
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
as a cells size increases what happens to the ratio of surfac…
the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divide…
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and prod…
mitosis
A process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells conventiona…
as a cell grows its surface area to vo…
as a cells size increases what happens to the ratio of surfac…
49 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
two
four
one
two
number of daughter cells in mitosis?
number of daughter cells in meiosis?
number of cell divisions in mitosis?
number of cell divisions in meiosis?
two
number of daughter cells in mitosis?
four
number of daughter cells in meiosis?
72 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
11 terms
Biology- Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Meiosis
Homologous Chromosome
Mitosis responsible for
Is the cell cycle process by which chromosomes in a cell nucl…
A specialized type of cell division which reduces the chromos…
Chromosome pairs inherited from each parents
Replacing cells
Mitosis
Is the cell cycle process by which chromosomes in a cell nucl…
Meiosis
A specialized type of cell division which reduces the chromos…
16 terms
biology chromosomes mitosis meiosis
chromosomes
homologous pairs
somatic cells
gametes
threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the geneti…
a pair of chromosomes, 1 maternal and 1 paternal
Any cells in the body other than reproductive cells
cells of reproduction
chromosomes
threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the geneti…
homologous pairs
a pair of chromosomes, 1 maternal and 1 paternal
Biology- Meiosis, Mitosis, Genetics
Homologous Chromosomes
Karyotype
Mitosis can create a new individual
2 ways to reproduce
the same of one pair (partners)
a map/listing of all chromosomes of a specific organism
false
sexual, asexual
Homologous Chromosomes
the same of one pair (partners)
Karyotype
a map/listing of all chromosomes of a specific organism
21 terms
Biology- Mitosis/Meiosis
Mitosis
Mitosis
Mitosis
Mitosis
used for growth
Used for asexual reproduction
creates identical offspring
creates diploid cells
Mitosis
used for growth
Mitosis
Used for asexual reproduction
26 terms
Biology Meiosis/Mitosis Review
gamete
somatic cell
karyotype
XX
haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine wit…
any cell of a living organism other than the reproductive cel…
a picture of your chromosomes. micro-graph in which the pair…
female sex chromosomes
gamete
haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can combine wit…
somatic cell
any cell of a living organism other than the reproductive cel…
65 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of mitosis
producing new gametes
function of meiosis
32 terms
meiosis and mitosis biology
As a cell becomes larger
The rate wastes are produced by a cel…
Excess oxygen
Large cells have more trouble
its volume increases faster than its surface area
volume
is NOT a problem for cells
moving needed materials in and waste out
As a cell becomes larger
its volume increases faster than its surface area
The rate wastes are produced by a cel…
volume
46 terms
Biology mitosis/ meiosis
which increases faster volume or surfa…
cells can not continue to grow and gro…
T/ Fcell size and function are related
T/F There is no limit to how much cyto…
volume
the nucleus cant control so much cytoplasm
True
False
which increases faster volume or surfa…
volume
cells can not continue to grow and gro…
the nucleus cant control so much cytoplasm
16 terms
H. Biology - Mitosis/Meiosis
Anaphase
Chromatid
Chromosome
Centriole
Phase of mitosis where the chromosome is split and moved to o…
One half of a double stranded chromosome
Structure found in the nucleus that is made of DNA
Organelle responsible for cell division
Anaphase
Phase of mitosis where the chromosome is split and moved to o…
Chromatid
One half of a double stranded chromosome
31 terms
Irish Biology Mitosis/Meiosis
anaphase
anaphase
anaphase
prophase
Centromeres divide
Sister chromatids separate
Paired sister chromatids separate from one another to form in…
1st phase of mitosis
anaphase
Centromeres divide
anaphase
Sister chromatids separate
46 terms
Biology test (Meiosis and mitosis)
asexual
rapidly changing
constant
2
which is faster: asexual or sexual
the offspring of sexual reproduction can survive in what sort…
the offspring of asexual reproduction can survive in what sor…
how many parents are included in sexual reproduction
asexual
which is faster: asexual or sexual
rapidly changing
the offspring of sexual reproduction can survive in what sort…
34 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
Hypothesis
Independent Assortment
S-Phase
Oogenesis
a possible answer to a scientific question.
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
* 2nd stage of interphase. -Cell DNA is copied.
production of eggs., development of ova
Hypothesis
a possible answer to a scientific question.
Independent Assortment
During meiosis the random distribution of genes from differen…
55 terms
Biology Benchmark-Meiosis Mitosis
Mitosis
Cell Cycle
Interphase
Prophase
The dividing of the cell membrane and cytoplasm to create two…
Interphase, G1, S, G2, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telopha…
The cell is not dividing going through regular cell duties
The Centrioles double and separate and more to opposite side…
Mitosis
The dividing of the cell membrane and cytoplasm to create two…
Cell Cycle
Interphase, G1, S, G2, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telopha…
15 terms
Biology mitosis/ meiosis vocab
cell cycle
meiosis
chromosome
mitosis
is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to…
is a process where a single cell divides twice to produce fou…
-In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged in…
is nuclear division plus cytokinesis, and produces two identi…
cell cycle
is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to…
meiosis
is a process where a single cell divides twice to produce fou…
20 terms
biology mitosis/meiosis
monomer of DNA
middles
a copy of ones chromosome
XY
what is a nucleotide?
what part of the DNA is where the instructions are stored?
what is a karyotype?
what is the sex chromosomes for a male?
monomer of DNA
what is a nucleotide?
middles
what part of the DNA is where the instructions are stored?
71 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
function of mitosis
function of meiosis
location of mitosis
location of meiosis
growth and regeneration of cells
producing new gametes
all body cells
sex cells
function of mitosis
growth and regeneration of cells
function of meiosis
producing new gametes
17 terms
Biology Mitosis vs. Meiosis
Describe the purpose of mitosis
How many times does the cell divide du…
What kind of cells are produced at the…
What are sister chromatids?
Duplication division of nucleus in somatic cells
1
diploid identical daughter cells
exact copy of the chromosome - S phase during interphas
Describe the purpose of mitosis
Duplication division of nucleus in somatic cells
How many times does the cell divide du…
1
36 terms
Biology: Mitosis and Meiosis
Mitosis
Why do cells reproduce?
Cell types
Somatic cells
Cell division, what's happening to chromosomes, division
replace dead cells, growth, repair
Somatic, Germ
reproduce via mitosis
Mitosis
Cell division, what's happening to chromosomes, division
Why do cells reproduce?
replace dead cells, growth, repair
20 terms
Biology Terms(Mitosis and Meiosis)
diploid
haploid
homologous chromosome
gamete
full set of chromosomes(2n)
half set of chromosomes(n)
chromosomes that are similar in shape, size, and in kinds of…
reproductive cell... can be sperm or egg cell, haploid, sex cell
diploid
full set of chromosomes(2n)
haploid
half set of chromosomes(n)
27 terms
Biology Meiosis + Mitosis
what type of cells undergoes mitosis?
Purpose of mitosis
equation:
2n =?
Somatic Cells
Produce new body cells from old ones
start of with a diploid cell - 2n>2n>2n
6 chromosomes 3 pairs
what type of cells undergoes mitosis?
Somatic Cells
Purpose of mitosis
Produce new body cells from old ones
28 terms
Biology one- Mitosis and Meiosis
two types of cell division
Meiosis
Mitosis
Diploid
Both go through Cytokinesis mitosis and meiosis
sex cell division
body cells (liver, kidney, etc) ... divided into 5 phase... -Propha…
2N- daughter cells are genetically identical to the parent ce…
two types of cell division
Both go through Cytokinesis mitosis and meiosis
Meiosis
sex cell division
30 terms
Biology test (Meiosis and mitosis)
asexual
rapidly changing
constant
how many parents are included in sexua…
which is faster: asexual or sexual
the offspring of sexual reproduction can survive in what sort…
the offspring of asexual reproduction can survive in what sor…
2
asexual
which is faster: asexual or sexual
rapidly changing
the offspring of sexual reproduction can survive in what sort…
12 terms
Biology-mitosis/meiosis
Mitosis: prophase
Mitosis: metaphase
Mitosis: anaphase
Mitosis: telophase ... (includes cytokine…
Our chromosomes condense and become visible, our nucleus disa…
Our chromosomes line up in the center of the cell called the…
Spindle proteins shorten, therefore pulling the sister chroma…
Everything that happened in prophase is undone, nuclear membr…
Mitosis: prophase
Our chromosomes condense and become visible, our nucleus disa…
Mitosis: metaphase
Our chromosomes line up in the center of the cell called the…
86 terms
Biology Mitosis and Meiosis
cyclin
chromatin
chromosomes
centriole
protein that cycles in quantity as the cell cycle progresses;…
network of fibers consisting of DNA and associated proteins w…
composed of condensed chromatin and contains the hereditary u…
cell organelle, existing in pairs, that occurs in the centros…
cyclin
protein that cycles in quantity as the cell cycle progresses;…
chromatin
network of fibers consisting of DNA and associated proteins w…
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