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Study sets matching "meiosis mendel"

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Study sets matching "meiosis mendel"

36 terms
Mendel & Meiosis
allele
autosome
cross
crossing over
any of the alternative forms of a gene that occurs at a speci…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
mating of two organisms
exchange of chromosome segments between homologous chromosome…
allele
any of the alternative forms of a gene that occurs at a speci…
autosome
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
36 terms
MEIOSIS AND MENDEL
SOMATIC CELL
GAMETE
HOMOLOGOUS CHROMOSOMES
AUTOSOME
A somatic cell is any cell of the body except sperm and egg c…
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to uni…
One chromosome of each homologous pair comes from the mother…
An autosome is a chromosome that is not an allosome (a sex ch…
SOMATIC CELL
A somatic cell is any cell of the body except sperm and egg c…
GAMETE
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to uni…
31 terms
Mendel & Meiosis
allele
autosome
cross
crossing over
any of the alternative forms of a gene that occurs at a speci…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
mating of two organisms
exchange of chromosome segments between homologous chromosome…
allele
any of the alternative forms of a gene that occurs at a speci…
autosome
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
37 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
gamete
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
15 terms
Mendel and Meiosis
Diploid
Heredity
Dominant
Gamete
cell with 2 kinds of each chromosome (2n)
passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring
observed trait
sex cell (egg or sperm)
Diploid
cell with 2 kinds of each chromosome (2n)
Heredity
passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring
60 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Gene
Homologous Chromosomes
gametes
haploid
Segment of DNA that codes for a specific trait, or protein
Chromosomes that code for the same genes, have the same lengt…
sex cells; in animals these are the eggs and the sperm
a cell with only one set of chromosomes (n); gametes are hapl…
Gene
Segment of DNA that codes for a specific trait, or protein
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromosomes that code for the same genes, have the same lengt…
36 terms
Mendel & Meiosis
allele
autosome
cross
crossing over
any of the alternative forms of a gene that occurs at a speci…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
mating of two organisms
exchange of chromosome segments between homologous chromosome…
allele
any of the alternative forms of a gene that occurs at a speci…
autosome
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
8 terms
Mendel & Meiosis
Gregor Mendel
Observed _________ _________
Cross Pollenation
Mono-hybrid Cross
Father of genetics
inherited traits
Purple flowering plant crossed with white flowering plant
Testing traits one at a time
Gregor Mendel
Father of genetics
Observed _________ _________
inherited traits
26 terms
Mendel & Meiosis
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Gamete
Passing of traits from parent to offspring
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Scientific study of heredity
Sex cells, haploid reproductive cells
Heredity
Passing of traits from parent to offspring
Trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
43 terms
Mendel & Meiosis
Heredity
Genetics
Traits
Gametes
passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring
study of heredity
inherited characteristics
sex cells (sperm and egg)
Heredity
passing on of characteristics from parent to offspring
Genetics
study of heredity
37 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all the body tissues and organs, except ga…
gamete
sex cell; an egg or a sperm.
13 terms
Mendel and Meiosis
Somatic Cell
Gametes
homologous chromosome
autosome
Cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
a haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Somatic Cell
Cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
Gametes
a haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
36 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
a cell that makes up all the bodies tissues and organs, excep…
sex cell; egg or sperm cell.
chromosome that have the same length, appearance, copies of g…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Somatic cell
a cell that makes up all the bodies tissues and organs, excep…
gamete
sex cell; egg or sperm cell.
36 terms
meiosis and mendel
Somatic cell
Gemete
Homologous chromosome
Autosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex cell; an egg or a sperm cell.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
Gemete
sex cell; an egg or a sperm cell.
37 terms
Meiosis And Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex cell ; an egg or a sperm cell.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
gamete
sex cell ; an egg or a sperm cell.
36 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous chromosomes
Autosomes
any cell of a living organism other than the reproductive cells
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to uni…
containing a maternal and paternal chromatid joined to togeth…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Somatic cell
any cell of a living organism other than the reproductive cells
Gamete
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to uni…
35 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous chromosome
Autosome chromosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex cell; an egg or sperm cell
chromosome that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
that contains genes for characteristics not directly related…
Somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
Gamete
sex cell; an egg or sperm cell
meiosis and mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell make up all of the body
somatic cell
cell make up all of the body
gamete
36 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous chromosome
Autosome
cell that makes up all of the body
sex cells; egg and sperm
chromsomes that are simular in shape, size, and genetic conte…
1-22 pair of matched chromosomes that contain traits that don…
Somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body
Gamete
sex cells; egg and sperm
11 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Heredity
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Father of Modern genetics
Passing down of information from parents to offspring
The study of heredity
The scientist instrumental in he study of genetics
Mendels nickname
Heredity
Passing down of information from parents to offspring
Genetics
The study of heredity
23 terms
meiosis and mendel
gamete
homologous chromosome
sex chromosome
sexual reproduction
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual... X and Y…
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combine…
gamete
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
homologous chromosome
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Meiosis and Mendel
Somatic Cell
Gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex cell; an egg or a sperm cell.
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
Chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Somatic Cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
Gamete
sex cell; an egg or a sperm cell.
36 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
Any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg ce…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
A chromosome that is not directly involved in determining sex…
Somatic cell
Any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg ce…
gamete
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Meiosis and Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex cell, an egg or a sperm cell
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
chromosomes that contains genes for characteristics not direc…
somatic cell
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
gamete
sex cell, an egg or a sperm cell
36 terms
MEIOSIS AND MENDEL
Somatic Cell
Gamete
Homologous Chromosomes
Autosome
is any cell of the body except sperm and egg cells. Somatic c…
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to uni…
are similar but not identical. Each carries the same genes in…
is a chromosome that is not an allosome (a sex chromosome).
Somatic Cell
is any cell of the body except sperm and egg cells. Somatic c…
Gamete
a mature haploid male or female germ cell that is able to uni…
11 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Somatic Cells (body cells)
Germ cells
Gametes
homologous pair
cells that make up most of your body tissues and organs
Cells in your reproductive organs (ovaries/testes)
Sex cells
Each pair of chromosomes is called this
Somatic Cells (body cells)
cells that make up most of your body tissues and organs
Germ cells
Cells in your reproductive organs (ovaries/testes)
36 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
Any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg ce…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
somatic cell
Any cell in a multicellular organism except a sperm or egg ce…
gamete
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
36 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous Chromosome
autosome
Body cells
Sex cell
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Somatic cell
Body cells
Gamete
Sex cell
35 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Allele
Somatic cells
Gametes
Autosomes
any of the alternative forms of a gene that occurs at a speci…
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
sex cells, ova or eggs in female and spermatozoa or sperm cel…
chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Allele
any of the alternative forms of a gene that occurs at a speci…
Somatic cells
cell that makes up all of the body tissues and organs, except…
16 terms
Mendel and meiosis
homozygous
heterozygous
allele
recessive
two alleles for the trait are the same
two alleles are different from each other
different gene forms
the trait that dissappears
homozygous
two alleles for the trait are the same
heterozygous
two alleles are different from each other
41 terms
Mendel and Meiosis
Herdity
genetics
trait
gametes
passing of characteristics from parents to offspring
branch of biology that studies heredity
characteristics that are inherited
another name for the sex cells
Herdity
passing of characteristics from parents to offspring
genetics
branch of biology that studies heredity
36 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Somatic cell
Gamete
Homologous chromosome
Autosome
Any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive…
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
Pair of chromosomes that are the same size, same appearance a…
Any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
Somatic cell
Any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive…
Gamete
A haploid cell such as an egg or sperm. Gametes unite during…
27 terms
Mendel and Meiosis
genetics
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
the scientific study of heredity
process in which male and female reproductive cells (gametes)…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
fertilization
process in which male and female reproductive cells (gametes)…
20 terms
Mendel and Meiosis
Gametes
Autosomes
Sex chromosomes
Meiosis
Sex cells
Chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
Chromosome that directly controls the development of sexual c…
Form of nuclear division that divides diploid cells into hapl…
Gametes
Sex cells
Autosomes
Chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not direct…
10 terms
mendel and meiosis
mendel rules
results in mitosis vs meiosis
1 prophase
1 metaphase
1)the inheritance of biological characteristics is determined…
mitosis produces 2 identical cells. meiosis produces 4 differ…
chromatids pair and condense, chromosomes cross over, nuclear…
chromatid pairs align along the center of the cell
mendel rules
1)the inheritance of biological characteristics is determined…
results in mitosis vs meiosis
mitosis produces 2 identical cells. meiosis produces 4 differ…
13 terms
Mendel and Meiosis
Gregor Mendel
Pea plants
Gametes
Zygote
Studied genetics, the branch of biology that studies how trai…
Type of sexually reproducing plants that Mendel studied
Sex cells in a sexually reproducing organism
Resulting cell when a male gamete fertilizes a female gamete
Gregor Mendel
Studied genetics, the branch of biology that studies how trai…
Pea plants
Type of sexually reproducing plants that Mendel studied
20 terms
Mendel and meiosis
The type of cell division that produce…
The cell produced when a male gamete f…
The uniting of the male and female gam…
The exchange of genetic material betwe…
Meiosis
Zygote
Fertilization
Crossing over
The type of cell division that produce…
Meiosis
The cell produced when a male gamete f…
Zygote
56 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Sex chromosome
Egg
Genotype
Dihybrid cross
One pair of chromosomes, controlled the sex of an organism
Female gamete
The genetic makeup of a specific set of genes
Crosses that examine the inheritance of two different traits
Sex chromosome
One pair of chromosomes, controlled the sex of an organism
Egg
Female gamete
11 terms
Mendel & Meiosis
Gene
Chromosome
Locus
Synapsis
Unit od DNA/RNA
Large bunches of DNA wound around histone proteins
Location of a gene on a chromosome
Homologous chromosomes pair up ... Form a tetrad
Gene
Unit od DNA/RNA
Chromosome
Large bunches of DNA wound around histone proteins
31 terms
Meiosis & Mendel
somatic cell
gamete
homologous chromosome
autosome
make up most of your body tissues and organs
sex cells
two chromosomes- one from the mom and one from the dad that h…
chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not direct…
somatic cell
make up most of your body tissues and organs
gamete
sex cells
8 terms
Meiosis & Mendel
Diploid
Haploid
Meiosis
Dihybrid cross
A cell that has 2 haploid sets of a chromosome
A cell that has only 1 set of chromosomes
Asexual : HC (diploid) copied into 2 sister chromatids, cross…
Heterozygous traits are crossed
Diploid
A cell that has 2 haploid sets of a chromosome
Haploid
A cell that has only 1 set of chromosomes
21 terms
Mendel & Meiosis
heterozygous
gametes
genes
phenotype
organism that has different forms of the same gene (Tt)
reproductive cells (egg & sperm cells) that carry generic info
specific portions of the DNA molecule that determines the cha…
the physical appearance of an organism
heterozygous
organism that has different forms of the same gene (Tt)
gametes
reproductive cells (egg & sperm cells) that carry generic info
11 terms
Mendel & Meiosis
Boveri & Sutton Theory (Chromosome The…
Thomas Morgan Hunt
Homologous Chromosomes
Cell Cycle
correctly explains the underlying mechanism of Mendelian gene…
work on inheritance and genetic linkage in the fruit fly. The…
paired chromosomes having genes for the same trait located at…
series of events that takes place in a cell leading to cell d…
Boveri & Sutton Theory (Chromosome The…
correctly explains the underlying mechanism of Mendelian gene…
Thomas Morgan Hunt
work on inheritance and genetic linkage in the fruit fly. The…
15 terms
Mendel & Meiosis
Four
Individual 4 is recessive
2 and 3
3 out of 4 are purple
At the end of meiosis, how many haploid cells have been forme…
Which of the following is true?
Which of the following have the Tt genotype?
If T is the allele for purple flowers and t is the allele for…
Four
At the end of meiosis, how many haploid cells have been forme…
Individual 4 is recessive
Which of the following is true?
10 terms
Mendel / Meiosis
alleles
amniocentesis
anaphase I, II
aneuploidy
an alternative form of a gene
14-16th week of pregnancy - physician inserts needle and remo…
I: homologs separate, sister chromatids remain attached. II:…
condition having an abnormal number of certain chromosomes
alleles
an alternative form of a gene
amniocentesis
14-16th week of pregnancy - physician inserts needle and remo…
29 terms
Mendel & Meiosis
Law of Segregation
Law of Independent assortment
Linked Genes
When can linked genes be separated fro…
-alleles of the same trait "segregate" into their own gamete…
-different traits are inherited independently of each other…
genes that tend to be segregated together on a chromosome
during cross-over
Law of Segregation
-alleles of the same trait "segregate" into their own gamete…
Law of Independent assortment
-different traits are inherited independently of each other…
60 terms
Bloomer Biology-Meiosis and Mendel
Gene
Homologous Chromosomes
gametes
haploid
Segment of DNA that codes for a specific trait, or protein
Chromosomes that code for the same genes, have the same lengt…
sex cells; in animals these are the eggs and the sperm
a cell with only one set of chromosomes (n); gametes are hapl…
Gene
Segment of DNA that codes for a specific trait, or protein
Homologous Chromosomes
Chromosomes that code for the same genes, have the same lengt…
30 terms
Meiosis & Mendel
somatic cells
gamete
homologous chromosomes
autosome
cells that make up all of the body tissues and organs (except…
a haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies…
any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
somatic cells
cells that make up all of the body tissues and organs (except…
gamete
a haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid…
20 terms
Mendel and Meiosis
Heterozygous
Gametes
Genes
Phenotype
organisms that has different forms of the same gene (Tt)
reproductive cells (egg and sperm cells) that carry genetic i…
specific portions of the DNA molecule that determines the cha…
the physical appearance of an organism
Heterozygous
organisms that has different forms of the same gene (Tt)
Gametes
reproductive cells (egg and sperm cells) that carry genetic i…
24 terms
Meiosis and Mendel
Gregor Mendel
peas
trait
true breeding
"Father of genetics"
What did gregor mendel study for 7 years
characteristic that can vary from one individual to the next
offspring always has same trait as parent
Gregor Mendel
"Father of genetics"
peas
What did gregor mendel study for 7 years
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