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Study sets matching "memory mbb learning"

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Study sets matching "memory mbb learning"

34 terms
MBB Final - Learning and Memory Lecture 17/18
learning
memory
function of learning and memory
iconic memories
the process of acquiring new information.
The ability to store and retrieve information.... The specific i…
Provides flexibility and adjusts the ... behavior of an individu…
are the briefest and store sensory impressions (visual). Sens…
learning
the process of acquiring new information.
memory
The ability to store and retrieve information.... The specific i…
113 terms
Memory- MBB 3
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive science
4 Important Concepts
William Wundt
Theoretical approach that focuses on thought processes and kn…
interdisciplinary field that focuses on internal representati…
1. Cognition is active (sponge has to be submerged to work)... 2…
Introspection
Cognitive Psychology
Theoretical approach that focuses on thought processes and kn…
Cognitive science
interdisciplinary field that focuses on internal representati…
26 terms
MBB: Memory 2
MTL anatomy (4)
Recollection
Familialarity
fMRI vs TMS to diffrentiate betwee rec…
1) hippocampus... 2) parahippocampal cortex... 3) perirhinal cortex…
vivid re-experiencing of a memory and details of the context…
feeling of knowing that an item was encountered but without a…
fMRI because the MTL is deep and TMS doesn't go deep
MTL anatomy (4)
1) hippocampus... 2) parahippocampal cortex... 3) perirhinal cortex…
Recollection
vivid re-experiencing of a memory and details of the context…
30 terms
MBB: Memory 1
Clive Wearing; Impaired, Spared
Short term memory
Long term memory
T/F: short term memory has unlimited c…
Impaired: long term knowledge. Spared: short term memory, gen…
information currently in your mind
stored information
False
Clive Wearing; Impaired, Spared
Impaired: long term knowledge. Spared: short term memory, gen…
Short term memory
information currently in your mind
260 terms
Learning and Memory
acquistion
ACT
action potential
activation
The process by which new memories are encoded into long-term…
J. R. Anderson's theory of how declarative and procedural rep…
The sudden change in electrical potential that travels down t…
An abstract concept in cognitive psychology used to refer to…
acquistion
The process by which new memories are encoded into long-term…
ACT
J. R. Anderson's theory of how declarative and procedural rep…
17 terms
Learning and Memory
Modal model of memory
Nondeclarative memory
Nonsense syllables
Organization
A general model of memory proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin i…
Also termed implicit or procedural memory. Refers to unconsci…
Meaningless but readable combinations of letters and vowels,…
A memory strategy involving grouping items to be remembered i…
Modal model of memory
A general model of memory proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin i…
Nondeclarative memory
Also termed implicit or procedural memory. Refers to unconsci…
14 terms
Memory/Learning
comes back to me
bear something in mind
make a mental note
rack your brain
is remembered... Ex. I had forgotten about the problem last yea…
think about or consider something as you make a decision... Ex.…
decide to remember something in the future (ie, without writi…
try hard to remember something... Ex. I was __________ing my br…
comes back to me
is remembered... Ex. I had forgotten about the problem last yea…
bear something in mind
think about or consider something as you make a decision... Ex.…
163 terms
Learning and Memory
What is long term memory composed of?
What is short term memory composed of?
What is in both long term and short te…
What are episodic memories?
Procedural memories (implicit)... Semantic memories
Sensory memories... Working memory
Episodic memories
Autobiographical/descriptive events.
What is long term memory composed of?
Procedural memories (implicit)... Semantic memories
What is short term memory composed of?
Sensory memories... Working memory
25 terms
Learning and memory
Compare and contrast explicit (declara…
Where are explicit memories stored
Explicit memory
Implicit Memory
Association cortices in the frontal, parietal, temporal and o…
Episodic (autobiographical) knowledge involves prefrontal cor…
Implicit memories are ones that we are not consciously aware…
Compare and contrast explicit (declara…
Where are explicit memories stored
Association cortices in the frontal, parietal, temporal and o…
29 terms
Memory and Learning
Alzheimer's disease
association
brain
brainstem
a disease, found especially in older... adults, that damages or…
broad category of learning that involves forming... mental conne…
control center of the nervous system, located within... the skul…
structure that connects the rest of... the brain to the spinal c…
Alzheimer's disease
a disease, found especially in older... adults, that damages or…
association
broad category of learning that involves forming... mental conne…
50 terms
Learning and Memory
is the process by which experiences ch…
(Blank) bring about change within our…
One stimulus becomes associated with a…
Between a particular response and a st…
Learning
Memories
Associative learning
Instrumental learning
is the process by which experiences ch…
Learning
(Blank) bring about change within our…
Memories
61 terms
Learning and Memory
definition of learning
definition of memory
we have the ability to learn what two…
different types of memory
acquisition of new info or knowledge
retention of learned information
- various types of info from facts... - ingrained motor pattern…
- declarative (explicit memory)... - nondeclarative (implicit me…
definition of learning
acquisition of new info or knowledge
definition of memory
retention of learned information
96 terms
MBB1 Unimelb Learning&Cognition
Classical Conditioning
Extinction of CC
Term of Operant Conditioning by Skinner
Continuous Reinforcement
involves reflex behavior with association
gradually weaken CR, once it occurs > relearning is faster
behavior operates on the environment to generate consequences
Reward price every time the desired behavior is performed
Classical Conditioning
involves reflex behavior with association
Extinction of CC
gradually weaken CR, once it occurs > relearning is faster
175 terms
learning and memory
PROCEEDURAL MEMORY
what did BADDELELY say memory was
what to psychologsits call photographi…
what is the normal layout to measure f…
motor perception skills , ie driving, perception gudies motor…
a storehouse, with specific contents , memory processes used…
EIDETIC MEMORY
learning stage- retention interval- test MEMORY
PROCEEDURAL MEMORY
motor perception skills , ie driving, perception gudies motor…
what did BADDELELY say memory was
a storehouse, with specific contents , memory processes used…
16 terms
Learning and Memory
Semantic memory
Procedural memory
Episodic memory
Sensory memory
Knowledge of the world, meaning of words
Memory for how to do something... Quicker reaction times for re…
Description of specific event (time and place), re-experience…
short-term processing of sensory information
Semantic memory
Knowledge of the world, meaning of words
Procedural memory
Memory for how to do something... Quicker reaction times for re…
41 terms
Brown MBB - Ch 6 Learning
habituation
classical (Pavlovian) conditioning
unconditioned stimulus
conditioned response
process of responding less strongly to repeated stimuli
form of learning in which animals come to respond to previous…
stimulus that elicits automatic response
response previously associated with a non-neutral stimulus th…
habituation
process of responding less strongly to repeated stimuli
classical (Pavlovian) conditioning
form of learning in which animals come to respond to previous…
22 terms
Learning & memory
Learning
Memory
Human memory
Modification in behaviour due to an increase in knowledge or…
Ability to recall information and experiences
...
Learning
Modification in behaviour due to an increase in knowledge or…
Memory
Ability to recall information and experiences
19 terms
Learning and memory (skill memory)
Skill memories
Events and facts memories
Definition of expert
What does expertise seem to involve?
-are difficult to convey except by direct demonstration ... -may…
-can be communicated flexibly, in different formats ... -have co…
-has mastered a skill better than most people
-Perceptual learning that lets the expert see the world diffe…
Skill memories
-are difficult to convey except by direct demonstration ... -may…
Events and facts memories
-can be communicated flexibly, in different formats ... -have co…
71 terms
Learning + Memory
MEMORY DIAGRAM
learning
stimulus
habituation
specifically in which we require new behaviors
anything to which an organism can respond
process of becoming used to a stimulus
MEMORY DIAGRAM
learning
specifically in which we require new behaviors
6 terms
Learning & Memory
Procedural Memories
Declarative Memories
Anterograde Amnesia
Retrograde Amnesia
procedural memories can be performed without conscious recoll…
declarative memories accessed from conscious recollection ... d…
An inability to form new memories following brain trauma
Memory loss for events prior to the trauma
Procedural Memories
procedural memories can be performed without conscious recoll…
Declarative Memories
declarative memories accessed from conscious recollection ... d…
44 terms
Learning & Memory
Learning
Memory
Non-associative learning
Associative learning
Acquisition of information about the world, which is evident…
The storage of information in the brain as the result of expe…
Experience-dependent modifications of behavior, which do not…
Experience-dependent modification of a behavior that involves…
Learning
Acquisition of information about the world, which is evident…
Memory
The storage of information in the brain as the result of expe…
17 terms
Learning & Memory
Extinction
Conditioning
Forgetting
Blocking
When the operant behavior that was being reinforced is no lon…
When we reinforce a desired behavior with a reward or punishm…
Not an active process. This is temporally graded, and simply…
When a second stimulus is added during conditioning, its effe…
Extinction
When the operant behavior that was being reinforced is no lon…
Conditioning
When we reinforce a desired behavior with a reward or punishm…
21 terms
Learning & Memory
Habituation
Sensitization
Aplysia
gill-withdrawal reflex
refers to a decrease in responding to a frequent but innocuou…
refers to increased responding to noxious or arousing stimuli.
-Model organism for studying learning and memory (Eric Kandel…
Habituation
refers to a decrease in responding to a frequent but innocuou…
Sensitization
refers to increased responding to noxious or arousing stimuli.
46 terms
Learning & Memory
Types of Memory
Declarative memory system
Nondeclarative memory
Declarative ... Nondeclarative
has a conscious component and it includes the memories of fac…
also called implicit memory... includes the types of memory sys…
Types of Memory
Declarative ... Nondeclarative
Declarative memory system
has a conscious component and it includes the memories of fac…
27 terms
Learning & Memory
Working Memory
Long-term Memory
Explicit memory
Implicit memory
Short term memory... rapidly accessible, brief duration
Explicit and implicit memory
Episodic and semantic memory
Binding, conditioning, skill learning
Working Memory
Short term memory... rapidly accessible, brief duration
Long-term Memory
Explicit and implicit memory
66 terms
Memory & Learning
memory
3 processes involved with memory
encoding
memories are
ability to store and retrieve information over time
-encoding ... -storage ... -retrieval
the process of turning perceptions, thoughts, feelings into m…
constructed not recorded
memory
ability to store and retrieve information over time
3 processes involved with memory
-encoding ... -storage ... -retrieval
103 terms
Learning & Memory
Learning
Learning by Association
Observational Learning
Classical Conditioning
Relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to…
Learning to associate two stimuli with one another
Learning by witnessing others
Learning that occurs when a neutral stimulus is paired with a…
Learning
Relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to…
Learning by Association
Learning to associate two stimuli with one another
96 terms
Learning & Memory
Learning
Stimulus
Habituation
Dishabituation
Specifically refers to the way in which we acquire new behavi…
Defined as anything to which an organism can respond, includi…
Repeated exposure to the same stimulus can cause a decrease i…
Defined as the recovery of a response to a stimulus after hab…
Learning
Specifically refers to the way in which we acquire new behavi…
Stimulus
Defined as anything to which an organism can respond, includi…
22 terms
Learning & Memory
learning
memory
memory trace
Patient H.M
process of acquiring new information
ability to recall or recognize previous experiences (you can'…
mental representation of a previous experience ... -web definiti…
had epilepsy so they removed amygdala, hippocampus, & some co…
learning
process of acquiring new information
memory
ability to recall or recognize previous experiences (you can'…
53 terms
Learning and Memory
learning
memory
amnesia
operant conditioning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
the ability to store and retrieve information; the specific i…
loss of memory
-association between behavior and its consequences/reward... -re…
learning
the process of acquiring new and relatively enduring informat…
memory
the ability to store and retrieve information; the specific i…
52 terms
Memory and Learning
Explain the process and the areas of t…
two aspects to communication
The process of speech involves two sta…
Cortical areas involved in language
...
first, the sensory aspect (language input), involving the ear…
formation in the mind of thoughts to be expressed, as well as…
Wernicke's Area is important for language comprehension and i…
Explain the process and the areas of t…
...
two aspects to communication
first, the sensory aspect (language input), involving the ear…
122 terms
Learning and Memory
learning
classical conditioning
neutral stimulus
optimum delay
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning to associate one stimulus with another. ... Dominated b…
the object that does not yet receive a response... the bell/soun…
1/2 a second to 5 seconds after showing the neutral stimulus…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
classical conditioning
learning to associate one stimulus with another. ... Dominated b…
25 terms
Learning and Memory
learning
a stimulus
habituation
dishabituation
the way in which we acquire new behaviors
anything to which an organism can respond (including sensory…
repeated exposure to the same stimulus results in decreased r…
the recovery of a response to a stimulus after habituation ha…
learning
the way in which we acquire new behaviors
a stimulus
anything to which an organism can respond (including sensory…
24 terms
Learning and Memory
Hippocampus in coronal Section
EM scan of dendrite + Stimulation
Learning and memory
Declarative Memories
Hippocampus: Consolidation of memory... -Medial temporal lobe... -3…
LTP= Long term potentiation which is REPETITIVE stimulation o…
-Learning is the acquisition of NEW information... -Memory is t…
*Memories: facts and events that can be recalled and declared…
Hippocampus in coronal Section
Hippocampus: Consolidation of memory... -Medial temporal lobe... -3…
EM scan of dendrite + Stimulation
LTP= Long term potentiation which is REPETITIVE stimulation o…
39 terms
Learning and Memory
learning
memory
amnesia (2 types)
qualitative categories of learning/mem…
acquiring new information, knowledge, skills... can be conscious…
encoding, storing, retrieving learned information and skills
retrospective: failure to recall previously learned informati…
declarative/explicit... procedural (non-delclarative)/implicit
learning
acquiring new information, knowledge, skills... can be conscious…
memory
encoding, storing, retrieving learned information and skills
29 terms
Memory and Learning
How do we remember things?
Short Term vs. Long Term Memory
Basic Forms of learning
Perceptual Learning
Record, retain and retrieve information
Perceptual, stimulus response, relational learning and motor…
Visual Association cortex identifies names and labels. Throug…
How do we remember things?
Record, retain and retrieve information
Short Term vs. Long Term Memory
11 terms
Learning and Memory
learning
memory
amnesia
operant conditioning
-also known as acquisition... -the process of acquiring new and…
the ability to store and retrieve information
general term for loss of memeory
-instrumental... -association made between behavior (response) a…
learning
-also known as acquisition... -the process of acquiring new and…
memory
the ability to store and retrieve information
46 terms
Learning and Memory
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
spontaneous recovery
is a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior du…
we learn by association. Our minds naturally connect events t…
it was a Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov(father of C.C.) who…
After a rest period an extinguished CR (salivation) spontaneo…
learning
is a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior du…
associative learning
we learn by association. Our minds naturally connect events t…
18 terms
Learning & Memory
food, bell, salivation
classical conditioning
strengthen, weaken
operant conditioning
Pavlov: Classical Conditioning... Unconditioned Stimulus => U…
The Conditioned Placed Preference Box assess _____ ________
Operant Conditioning:... responses are followed by either... - r…
The Skinner Box assess _____ _____
food, bell, salivation
Pavlov: Classical Conditioning... Unconditioned Stimulus => U…
classical conditioning
The Conditioned Placed Preference Box assess _____ ________
27 terms
Learning and Memory
Non-associative Learning... Habituation…
Associative Learning ... Classical condi…
Emotional conditioning ... Where... What
short-term memory... Capacity?
A type of learning... Lacks two stimulus ... habituation: decrease…
TIMING IS CRITICAL... Classical conditioning (Pavlovian): two s…
Amgdala... Neutral sensory stimuli + reinforcing stimuli inputs…
attention & working memory ... Seconds to minutes... limited in ca…
Non-associative Learning... Habituation…
A type of learning... Lacks two stimulus ... habituation: decrease…
Associative Learning ... Classical condi…
TIMING IS CRITICAL... Classical conditioning (Pavlovian): two s…
8 terms
learning and memory
Disorders which affect learning
conscious vs. unconscious memory
memory storage
Hippocampus
Disorders which affect learning
conscious vs. unconscious memory
79 terms
Learning and Memory ****
Learning
Stimulus
Habituation
Dehabituation
the way in which we acquire new behaviors
anything to which an organism can respond
repeated exposure to the same stimulus can cause a decrease i…
the recovery of a response to a stimulus after habituation ha…
Learning
the way in which we acquire new behaviors
Stimulus
anything to which an organism can respond
40 terms
Learning and Memory
Which two thalamic regions are importa…
Ventrolateral Nucleus (VA/VL)
Ventroposterolateral nucleus (VPL/VPM)
Anterior nucleus
1. Anterior thalamic nucleus... 2. Mediodorsal nucleus (dorsomed…
Involved in motor planning
Involved in sensory information processing
Memory consolidation... It is not representative of a position…
Which two thalamic regions are importa…
1. Anterior thalamic nucleus... 2. Mediodorsal nucleus (dorsomed…
Ventrolateral Nucleus (VA/VL)
Involved in motor planning
23 terms
Learning & Memory
Non-Associative Learning Types
Habituation
Dehabituation
Types of associative learning, and wha…
1. Habituation (and dehabituation) ... 2. Observational Learning
Repeated exposure to stimulus causes decrease in response to…
recovery of response to stimulus after habituation
Classical Conditioning and Operant conditioning... Pairing a st…
Non-Associative Learning Types
1. Habituation (and dehabituation) ... 2. Observational Learning
Habituation
Repeated exposure to stimulus causes decrease in response to…
260 terms
Learning and Memory
acquistion
ACT
action potential
activation
The process by which new memories are encoded into long-term…
J. R. Anderson's theory of how declarative and procedural rep…
The sudden change in electrical potential that travels down t…
An abstract concept in cognitive psychology used to refer to…
acquistion
The process by which new memories are encoded into long-term…
ACT
J. R. Anderson's theory of how declarative and procedural rep…
35 terms
Learning and Memory
Declarative memory
non declarative memory
Non-associative learning
Associative learning
explicit memory... memory for facts and events
implicit memory... memory of skills, habits, reflex and emotions
A change in the magnitude of response to environmental events…
A connection between two elements or events. ... Classical or in…
Declarative memory
explicit memory... memory for facts and events
non declarative memory
implicit memory... memory of skills, habits, reflex and emotions
34 terms
Learning and memory
Learning
Memory
Declarative memory (explicit)
Non-declarative memory (implicit)
acquisition of new information... No single brain structure or…
retention of learned information
Facts (semantic) and events (episodic)... Easy to form, easy to…
Procedural memory—motor skills, habits... Usually require repeti…
Learning
acquisition of new information... No single brain structure or…
Memory
retention of learned information
6 terms
Learning and Memory
Types of Learning
Types of Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning
Basic Process of Conditioning
1.Associative: associate b/w 2 stimulus or behavior and a res…
Classical Conditioning & Operant Conditioning
There must be:... unconditional stimulus... unconditional response…
-Acquisition: the initial stage of learning... -Extinction: The…
Types of Learning
1.Associative: associate b/w 2 stimulus or behavior and a res…
Types of Associative Learning
Classical Conditioning & Operant Conditioning
96 terms
Learning and Memory
learning
stimulus
habitulation
dishabitulation
refers specifically to the way in which we acquire new behavi…
defined as anything to which an organism responds to, includi…
repeated exposure to the same stimulus can cause a decrease i…
recovery of a response to a stimulus after habituation has oc…
learning
refers specifically to the way in which we acquire new behavi…
stimulus
defined as anything to which an organism responds to, includi…
25 terms
Learning and Memory
Habituation
Dishabituation
Classical Conditioning
Acquisiton
Repeated exposure to the same stimulus can cause a decrease i…
recovery of a response to a stimulus after habituation has oc…
Creates associations between 2 unrelated stimuli... ex: Pavlov'…
Process of obtaining the conditioned response in classical co…
Habituation
Repeated exposure to the same stimulus can cause a decrease i…
Dishabituation
recovery of a response to a stimulus after habituation has oc…
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