Study sets matching "memory mbb learning"

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Study sets matching "memory mbb learning"

MBB Final - Learning and Memory Lecture 17/18
learning
memory
function of learning and memory
iconic memories
the process of acquiring new information.
The ability to store and retrieve information.... The specific i…
Provides flexibility and adjusts the ... behavior of an individu…
are the briefest and store sensory impressions (visual). Sens…
learning
the process of acquiring new information.
memory
The ability to store and retrieve information.... The specific i…
113 terms
Memory- MBB 3
Cognitive Psychology
Cognitive science
4 Important Concepts
William Wundt
Theoretical approach that focuses on thought processes and kn…
interdisciplinary field that focuses on internal representati…
1. Cognition is active (sponge has to be submerged to work)... 2…
Introspection
Cognitive Psychology
Theoretical approach that focuses on thought processes and kn…
Cognitive science
interdisciplinary field that focuses on internal representati…
MBB: Memory 2
MTL anatomy (4)
Recollection
Familialarity
fMRI vs TMS to diffrentiate betwee rec…
1) hippocampus... 2) parahippocampal cortex... 3) perirhinal cortex…
vivid re-experiencing of a memory and details of the context…
feeling of knowing that an item was encountered but without a…
fMRI because the MTL is deep and TMS doesn't go deep
MTL anatomy (4)
1) hippocampus... 2) parahippocampal cortex... 3) perirhinal cortex…
Recollection
vivid re-experiencing of a memory and details of the context…
MBB: Memory 1
Clive Wearing; Impaired, Spared
Short term memory
Long term memory
T/F: short term memory has unlimited c…
Impaired: long term knowledge. Spared: short term memory, gen…
information currently in your mind
stored information
False
Clive Wearing; Impaired, Spared
Impaired: long term knowledge. Spared: short term memory, gen…
Short term memory
information currently in your mind
260 terms
Learning and Memory
acquistion
ACT
action potential
activation
The process by which new memories are encoded into long-term…
J. R. Anderson's theory of how declarative and procedural rep…
The sudden change in electrical potential that travels down t…
An abstract concept in cognitive psychology used to refer to…
acquistion
The process by which new memories are encoded into long-term…
ACT
J. R. Anderson's theory of how declarative and procedural rep…
17 terms
Learning and Memory
Modal model of memory
Nondeclarative memory
Nonsense syllables
Organization
A general model of memory proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin i…
Also termed implicit or procedural memory. Refers to unconsci…
Meaningless but readable combinations of letters and vowels,…
A memory strategy involving grouping items to be remembered i…
Modal model of memory
A general model of memory proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin i…
Nondeclarative memory
Also termed implicit or procedural memory. Refers to unconsci…
96 terms
MBB1 Unimelb Learning&Cognition
Classical Conditioning
Extinction of CC
Term of Operant Conditioning by Skinner
Continuous Reinforcement
involves reflex behavior with association
gradually weaken CR, once it occurs > relearning is faster
behavior operates on the environment to generate consequences
Reward price every time the desired behavior is performed
Classical Conditioning
involves reflex behavior with association
Extinction of CC
gradually weaken CR, once it occurs > relearning is faster
Learning and Memory
What is long term memory composed of?
What is short term memory composed of?
What is in both long term and short te…
What are episodic memories?
Procedural memories (implicit)... Semantic memories
Sensory memories... Working memory
Episodic memories
Autobiographical/descriptive events.
What is long term memory composed of?
Procedural memories (implicit)... Semantic memories
What is short term memory composed of?
Sensory memories... Working memory
25 terms
Learning and memory
Compare and contrast explicit (declara…
Where are explicit memories stored
Explicit memory
Implicit Memory
Association cortices in the frontal, parietal, temporal and o…
Episodic (autobiographical) knowledge involves prefrontal cor…
Implicit memories are ones that we are not consciously aware…
Compare and contrast explicit (declara…
Where are explicit memories stored
Association cortices in the frontal, parietal, temporal and o…
50 terms
Learning and Memory
is the process by which experiences ch…
(Blank) bring about change within our…
One stimulus becomes associated with a…
Between a particular response and a st…
Learning
Memories
Associative learning
Instrumental learning
is the process by which experiences ch…
Learning
(Blank) bring about change within our…
Memories
61 terms
Learning and Memory
definition of learning
definition of memory
we have the ability to learn what two…
different types of memory
acquisition of new info or knowledge
retention of learned information
- various types of info from facts... - ingrained motor pattern…
- declarative (explicit memory)... - nondeclarative (implicit me…
definition of learning
acquisition of new info or knowledge
definition of memory
retention of learned information
47 terms
Learning & Memory
Learning
Path
Neuron
Piaget
When the next signal travels faster & easier
Analogy that explains how the brain learns; faster & easier w…
Also called a "Nerve Cell"
Developed the 4 stages of child development
Learning
When the next signal travels faster & easier
Path
Analogy that explains how the brain learns; faster & easier w…
19 terms
Learning and memory (skill memory)
Skill memories
Events and facts memories
Definition of expert
What does expertise seem to involve?
-are difficult to convey except by direct demonstration ... -may…
-can be communicated flexibly, in different formats ... -have co…
-has mastered a skill better than most people
-Perceptual learning that lets the expert see the world diffe…
Skill memories
-are difficult to convey except by direct demonstration ... -may…
Events and facts memories
-can be communicated flexibly, in different formats ... -have co…
41 terms
Brown MBB - Ch 6 Learning
habituation
classical (Pavlovian) conditioning
unconditioned stimulus
conditioned response
process of responding less strongly to repeated stimuli
form of learning in which animals come to respond to previous…
stimulus that elicits automatic response
response previously associated with a non-neutral stimulus th…
habituation
process of responding less strongly to repeated stimuli
classical (Pavlovian) conditioning
form of learning in which animals come to respond to previous…
38 terms
Memory and Learning
Memory
recall
Recognition
Relearning
memory is learning that has persisted over time -- informatio…
is how you reach back in your mind and bring up information,…
meanwhile, is more like a multiple-choice test -- you only ne…
refreshing or reinforcing old information. So when you study…
Memory
memory is learning that has persisted over time -- informatio…
recall
is how you reach back in your mind and bring up information,…
29 terms
Memory and Learning
Alzheimer's disease
association
brain
brainstem
a disease, found especially in older... adults, that damages or…
broad category of learning that involves forming... mental conne…
control center of the nervous system, located within... the skul…
structure that connects the rest of... the brain to the spinal c…
Alzheimer's disease
a disease, found especially in older... adults, that damages or…
association
broad category of learning that involves forming... mental conne…
Memory/Learning
comes back to me
bear something in mind
make a mental note
rack your brain
is remembered... Ex. I had forgotten about the problem last yea…
think about or consider something as you make a decision... Ex.…
decide to remember something in the future (ie, without writi…
try hard to remember something... Ex. I was __________ing my br…
comes back to me
is remembered... Ex. I had forgotten about the problem last yea…
bear something in mind
think about or consider something as you make a decision... Ex.…
175 terms
learning and memory
PROCEEDURAL MEMORY
what did BADDELELY say memory was
what to psychologsits call photographi…
what is the normal layout to measure f…
motor perception skills , ie driving, perception gudies motor…
a storehouse, with specific contents , memory processes used…
EIDETIC MEMORY
learning stage- retention interval- test MEMORY
PROCEEDURAL MEMORY
motor perception skills , ie driving, perception gudies motor…
what did BADDELELY say memory was
a storehouse, with specific contents , memory processes used…
62 terms
Learning/Memory
mental
actively
passive
store
Psychology is the study of __________ life. = relating to the…
He was ___________ participating in the discussion. = involve…
Learning is not a ____________ process. = being present but n…
Psychologists look at how people ___________ their memories.…
mental
Psychology is the study of __________ life. = relating to the…
actively
He was ___________ participating in the discussion. = involve…
18 terms
Learning & Memory
positive reinforcement
negative reinforcement
positive punishment
negative punishment
apply happy stimulus
remove aversive stimulus
apply aversive stimulus
remove happy stimulus
positive reinforcement
apply happy stimulus
negative reinforcement
remove aversive stimulus
74 terms
Learning/Memory
Learning
Classical conditioning
unconditioned stimulus (US)
conditioned stimulus (CS)
practice resulting in permanent change in behavior
naturally elicited by stimuli by different formerly neutral s…
stimulus that cause organism to respond in a certain way
is paired with unconditioned stimulus and produces desired re…
Learning
practice resulting in permanent change in behavior
Classical conditioning
naturally elicited by stimuli by different formerly neutral s…
66 terms
Memory & Learning
memory
3 processes involved with memory
encoding
memories are
ability to store and retrieve information over time
-encoding ... -storage ... -retrieval
the process of turning perceptions, thoughts, feelings into m…
constructed not recorded
memory
ability to store and retrieve information over time
3 processes involved with memory
-encoding ... -storage ... -retrieval
46 terms
Learning & Memory
Types of Memory
Declarative memory system
Nondeclarative memory
Declarative ... Nondeclarative
has a conscious component and it includes the memories of fac…
also called implicit memory... includes the types of memory sys…
Types of Memory
Declarative ... Nondeclarative
Declarative memory system
has a conscious component and it includes the memories of fac…
27 terms
Learning & Memory
Working Memory
Long-term Memory
Explicit memory
Implicit memory
Short term memory... rapidly accessible, brief duration
Explicit and implicit memory
Episodic and semantic memory
Binding, conditioning, skill learning
Working Memory
Short term memory... rapidly accessible, brief duration
Long-term Memory
Explicit and implicit memory
6 terms
Learning & Memory
Procedural Memories
Declarative Memories
Anterograde Amnesia
Retrograde Amnesia
procedural memories can be performed without conscious recoll…
declarative memories accessed from conscious recollection ... d…
An inability to form new memories following brain trauma
Memory loss for events prior to the trauma
Procedural Memories
procedural memories can be performed without conscious recoll…
Declarative Memories
declarative memories accessed from conscious recollection ... d…
learning and memory
learning
memory
Aristotle
Aristotle and associationism
process by which changes in behavior arise as a result of exp…
the record of our past experiences, which are acquired throug…
lover of data ( the facts and figures from which he could inf…
the principle that memory depends on the formation of linkage…
learning
process by which changes in behavior arise as a result of exp…
memory
the record of our past experiences, which are acquired throug…
30 terms
Learning & Memory
Learning
Declarative Learning
All types!
Memory
What term describes the acquiring of new information and skil…
What type of learning occurs consciously?
What types of learning requires experience?
What scientific term refers to the encoding, storing, and ret…
Learning
What term describes the acquiring of new information and skil…
Declarative Learning
What type of learning occurs consciously?
66 terms
learning & memory
learning
memory
how to study memory
types of Neurons
potential for behavior change... relatively stable change... learni…
-1000 of cells linked together that have been stimulated thro…
1st person was Ebbinghhouse = non sense syllables ... 2nd More r…
sensory - info from senses ... inner- connect sensory to motor…
learning
potential for behavior change... relatively stable change... learni…
memory
-1000 of cells linked together that have been stimulated thro…
Learning and Memory
Semantic Memory
Typicality Effect
Category
Exemplar
knowledge of general facts and concepts without recollection…
typical instances of a concept come to mind more easily than…
General concept, such as "bird"
Ten within a category, such as "canary"
Semantic Memory
knowledge of general facts and concepts without recollection…
Typicality Effect
typical instances of a concept come to mind more easily than…
103 terms
Learning & Memory
Learning
Learning by Association
Observational Learning
Classical Conditioning
Relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to…
Learning to associate two stimuli with one another
Learning by witnessing others
Learning that occurs when a neutral stimulus is paired with a…
Learning
Relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to…
Learning by Association
Learning to associate two stimuli with one another
Learning & Memory
Learning
Memory
Non-associative learning
Associative learning
Acquisition of information about the world, which is evident…
The storage of information in the brain as the result of expe…
Experience-dependent modifications of behavior, which do not…
Experience-dependent modification of a behavior that involves…
Learning
Acquisition of information about the world, which is evident…
Memory
The storage of information in the brain as the result of expe…
Learning & Memory
Extinction
Conditioning
Forgetting
Blocking
When the operant behavior that was being reinforced is no lon…
When we reinforce a desired behavior with a reward or punishm…
Not an active process. This is temporally graded, and simply…
When a second stimulus is added during conditioning, its effe…
Extinction
When the operant behavior that was being reinforced is no lon…
Conditioning
When we reinforce a desired behavior with a reward or punishm…
21 terms
Learning & Memory
Habituation
Sensitization
Aplysia
gill-withdrawal reflex
refers to a decrease in responding to a frequent but innocuou…
refers to increased responding to noxious or arousing stimuli.
-Model organism for studying learning and memory (Eric Kandel…
Habituation
refers to a decrease in responding to a frequent but innocuou…
Sensitization
refers to increased responding to noxious or arousing stimuli.
Learning & Memory
Learning
Stimulus
Habituation
Dishabituation
Specifically refers to the way in which we acquire new behavi…
Defined as anything to which an organism can respond, includi…
Repeated exposure to the same stimulus can cause a decrease i…
Defined as the recovery of a response to a stimulus after hab…
Learning
Specifically refers to the way in which we acquire new behavi…
Stimulus
Defined as anything to which an organism can respond, includi…
22 terms
Learning & Memory
learning
memory
memory trace
Patient H.M
process of acquiring new information
ability to recall or recognize previous experiences (you can'…
mental representation of a previous experience ... -web definiti…
had epilepsy so they removed amygdala, hippocampus, & some co…
learning
process of acquiring new information
memory
ability to recall or recognize previous experiences (you can'…
Learning and memory
Serial Posititon effect
Primacy Effect
Recency Effect
Episodic Memory
demonstration that Dewey rundus researched in 1971 about how…
occurs when items at the beginning are recalled better
Occurs when items at the bottom of the list are recalled better
Memory of a specific event, flashbulb memory fits under this
Serial Posititon effect
demonstration that Dewey rundus researched in 1971 about how…
Primacy Effect
occurs when items at the beginning are recalled better
Memory and Learning
learning
memory
how are memories represented in the br…
four types of learning
process by which experiences change our capacity for behavior…
product of changes in nervous system and behavior
a memory is a specific pattern of activity across a network o…
1) perceptual... 2) stimulus response... 3) motor... 4) relational
learning
process by which experiences change our capacity for behavior…
memory
product of changes in nervous system and behavior
16 terms
Learning and Memory
Semantic memory
Procedural memory
Episodic memory
Sensory memory
Knowledge of the world, meaning of words
Memory for how to do something... Quicker reaction times for re…
Description of specific event (time and place), re-experience…
short-term processing of sensory information
Semantic memory
Knowledge of the world, meaning of words
Procedural memory
Memory for how to do something... Quicker reaction times for re…
91 terms
Learning and Memory
learning
stimulus
habituation
dishabituation
the way in which we acquire new behaviors
anything to which an organism can respond
decrease in response due to repeated exposure to the same sti…
the recovery of a response to a stimulus after habituation ha…
learning
the way in which we acquire new behaviors
stimulus
anything to which an organism can respond
18 terms
Learning and Memory
Habituation
sensitization
observational learning
associative learning
the process of becoming used to a stimulus
opp of habituation, the more triggered the more you feel it
the acquisation of behavior by watching others (Skinner)
pairing together stimuli and responses, or behaviors and cons…
Habituation
the process of becoming used to a stimulus
sensitization
opp of habituation, the more triggered the more you feel it
Memory & Learning
Human Memory
Memory
cognitive psychologists
human memory is good at:
an information processing system that works constructively to…
Any system-human, animal, or machine that encodes, stores and…
see human memory more as an interpretation system, such as an…
1) information on which our attention is focused ... 2) informat…
Human Memory
an information processing system that works constructively to…
Memory
Any system-human, animal, or machine that encodes, stores and…
Learning and Memory
types of LTM
types of explicit memory
explicit memory
implicit memory
explicit, implicit, emotional
episodic ... semantic
declarative
unconscious - can influence behaviour w/out awareness
types of LTM
explicit, implicit, emotional
types of explicit memory
episodic ... semantic
52 terms
Memory and Learning
Explain the process and the areas of t…
two aspects to communication
The process of speech involves two sta…
Cortical areas involved in language
...
first, the sensory aspect (language input), involving the ear…
formation in the mind of thoughts to be expressed, as well as…
Wernicke's Area is important for language comprehension and i…
Explain the process and the areas of t…
...
two aspects to communication
first, the sensory aspect (language input), involving the ear…
122 terms
Learning and Memory
learning
classical conditioning
neutral stimulus
optimum delay
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
learning to associate one stimulus with another. ... Dominated b…
the object that does not yet receive a response... the bell/soun…
1/2 a second to 5 seconds after showing the neutral stimulus…
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due t…
classical conditioning
learning to associate one stimulus with another. ... Dominated b…
58 terms
Learning and memory chapter 1
Associationism, 5
Behaviorism, 22
Blind Design, 18
Classical Conditioning, 19
memory depends on the formation of linkages ("associations")…
...
the participant does not know the hypothesis being tested or…
a form of learning in which an animal learns that one stimulu…
Associationism, 5
memory depends on the formation of linkages ("associations")…
Behaviorism, 22
...
70 terms
learning and memory
learning
the behavioral perpective
classical conditioning
Ivan Palov
a relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to…
the view that psychology should study behavior without refere…
an involuntary response in which one learns to link two or mo…
Salivating dog
learning
a relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior due to…
the behavioral perpective
the view that psychology should study behavior without refere…
61 terms
Learning and Memory
Operant Conditioning
Behaviorism
Reinforcement and Types
Escape Learning
-Links voluntary behaviors with consequences in an effort to…
-Theory that all behaviors are conditioned
-Process of increasing the likelihood that an individual will…
-Type of negative reinforcer... -Role of behavior is to reduce u…
Operant Conditioning
-Links voluntary behaviors with consequences in an effort to…
Behaviorism
-Theory that all behaviors are conditioned
29 terms
Memory and Learning
How do we remember things?
Short Term vs. Long Term Memory
Basic Forms of learning
Perceptual Learning
Record, retain and retrieve information
Perceptual, stimulus response, relational learning and motor…
Visual Association cortex identifies names and labels. Throug…
How do we remember things?
Record, retain and retrieve information
Short Term vs. Long Term Memory
46 terms
Learning and Memory
learning
associative learning
classical conditioning
spontaneous recovery
is a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior du…
we learn by association. Our minds naturally connect events t…
it was a Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov(father of C.C.) who…
After a rest period an extinguished CR (salivation) spontaneo…
learning
is a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior du…
associative learning
we learn by association. Our minds naturally connect events t…
79 terms
Learning and Memory ****
Learning
Stimulus
Habituation
Dehabituation
the way in which we acquire new behaviors
anything to which an organism can respond
repeated exposure to the same stimulus can cause a decrease i…
the recovery of a response to a stimulus after habituation ha…
Learning
the way in which we acquire new behaviors
Stimulus
anything to which an organism can respond
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