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Study sets matching "mendel biology genetics"

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Study sets matching "mendel biology genetics"

26 terms
AP Biology Mendel Genetics
Character
Trait
True-breeding
Hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
Each variant for a character
Over many generations, it had produced only the same variety…
Mating of two true-breeding parents
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
Trait
Each variant for a character
24 terms
Biology Mendel, Meiosis, and Genetics
Chromosomes in Human Diploid
Chromosomes in Human Haploid
End result of Meiosis
Gametes
46
23
4 Gametes
Haploid cells
Chromosomes in Human Diploid
46
Chromosomes in Human Haploid
23
31 terms
Biology/Genetics/Mendel
During the course of his first experim…
Mendel first allowed each variety of g…
What did Mendel find in the F1 generat…
Which ratio of plants expressing contr…
three generations of plants
P generation
100% of the plants expressed the dominant trait
3:1
During the course of his first experim…
three generations of plants
Mendel first allowed each variety of g…
P generation
52 terms
Biology I: Mendel Genetics
Allele
Genotype
Phenotype
Recessive
1 of a number of different forms of a gene; 1 from each paren…
Genetic makeup of an organism; made up of an allele pair
Physical characteristics of an organism, expression of genotype
Trait expressed only when dominant allele is absent
Allele
1 of a number of different forms of a gene; 1 from each paren…
Genotype
Genetic makeup of an organism; made up of an allele pair
22 terms
9th Grade Biology: Mendel and Genetics
Genetics
Gregory Mendel
Heredity
Trait
The study of heredity.
•The father of genetics... • An Austrian monk who enjoyed garden…
The passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
A hereditable characteristic.... Examples: Height, Hair color, S…
Genetics
The study of heredity.
Gregory Mendel
•The father of genetics... • An Austrian monk who enjoyed garden…
58 terms
Biology (Mendel and Genetics)
Haploid cells
Gametes are
Diploid cells
Diploids are
They have (n) number of chromosomes
Haploid (n)
They have (2n) number of chromosomes
Body cells (2n)
Haploid cells
They have (n) number of chromosomes
Gametes are
Haploid (n)
19 terms
Biology Unit 8: Gregor Mendel & Genetics
allele
dominant allele
genetics
genotype
one of two or more different versions of the same gene
allele that masks the presence of another allele for the same…
the science of heredity
alleles an individual inherits at a particular genetic locus
allele
one of two or more different versions of the same gene
dominant allele
allele that masks the presence of another allele for the same…
20 terms
AP Biology Mendel Genetics
Trait
True Breeding
Hybridization
P Generation
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
organism from a family of same color, If an organism has a ce…
The crossing of two true-breeding parents. Dissimilar
the first two individuals that mate in a genetic cross
Trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
True Breeding
organism from a family of same color, If an organism has a ce…
41 terms
AP Biology Mendel Genetics
Character
Trait
True-breeding
Hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
Each variant for a character
Over many generations, it had produced only the same variety…
Mating of two true-breeding parents
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
Trait
Each variant for a character
56 terms
Biology Mendel & Genetics Schwanekamp
the tendency for traits to be passed f…
was an Austrian monk who studied scien…
was the 1st to systematically study he…
"father of genetics"
heredity (inheritance)
Gregor Mendel
Mendel
Mendel
the tendency for traits to be passed f…
heredity (inheritance)
was an Austrian monk who studied scien…
Gregor Mendel
46 terms
Biology (Mendel Genetics)
Sickle Cell Disease
Blending Theory of Inheritance
Characters
Trait
When a person has received two copies of a gene that codes fo…
Where hereditary traits blend evenly in offspring through mix…
Heritable characteristics such as flower colour or seed shape.
A variation in a character.
Sickle Cell Disease
When a person has received two copies of a gene that codes fo…
Blending Theory of Inheritance
Where hereditary traits blend evenly in offspring through mix…
35 terms
Biology: Mendel/Genetics
1:2:1
genotype
9:3 3:1
capital
F1 monohybrid genotypic ratio
gene combination in the offspring
F1 dihybrid phenotypic ratio
letter used to represent a dominant allele
1:2:1
F1 monohybrid genotypic ratio
genotype
gene combination in the offspring
19 terms
Biology- Mendel Genetics
Proposes that meiosis causes the patte…
The branch of biology that focuses on…
The transmission of traits from parent…
Any characteristic of an individual
Chromosome theory of inheritance
Genetics
Heredity
Trait
Proposes that meiosis causes the patte…
Chromosome theory of inheritance
The branch of biology that focuses on…
Genetics
34 terms
Biology-Genetics & Gregor Mendel
Who was Gregor Mendel?
Heredity
Trait
Molecular Genetics
-Austrian Monk... -experimented with garden peas
-transmission of characteristics... -parent to offspring
-specific characteristic... -e.g: hair or eye color
-study of structure and function of chromosomes and genes
Who was Gregor Mendel?
-Austrian Monk... -experimented with garden peas
Heredity
-transmission of characteristics... -parent to offspring
26 terms
AP Biology Mendel Genetics
Character
Trait
True-breeding
Hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
Each variant for a character
Over many generations, it had produced only the same variety…
Mating of two true-breeding parents
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
Trait
Each variant for a character
9 terms
Biology Mendel genetics
Pollination
fertilization
zygote
alleles
transfer of pollen to the ova
fusion of an egg and sperm into a zygote
fertilized egg
twos forms of a gene (dominant and recessive)
Pollination
transfer of pollen to the ova
fertilization
fusion of an egg and sperm into a zygote
38 terms
Biology- Genetics Beyond Mendel
test cross
incomplete dominance
codominance
crossing of homo recessive with unknown dominant to find out…
each trait contributes and the phenotype is and intermediate…
both alleles expressed at the same time. Heterotype shows bot…
test cross
crossing of homo recessive with unknown dominant to find out…
incomplete dominance
each trait contributes and the phenotype is and intermediate…
17 terms
Biology Mendel genetics vocabulary
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Cross or test cross
Genotype
If 2 alleles of a particular gene present in an individual ar…
If 2 alleles of a particular gene present to be different
An individual whose phenotype is dominant but whose genotype…
Set of alleles that an individual has for a character
Homozygous
If 2 alleles of a particular gene present in an individual ar…
Heterozygous
If 2 alleles of a particular gene present to be different
37 terms
Biology - Mendel Genetics Unit
IA IB, IA i, IA IA
IA IB, IB i
50
law of independent assortment
Two parents had a child with type blood A. If one of the pare…
Two parents had a child with type blood AB. If one of the par…
Mendel was experimenting with seed color and crossed recessiv…
Mendel found that the inheritance of one trait had no effect…
IA IB, IA i, IA IA
Two parents had a child with type blood A. If one of the pare…
IA IB, IB i
Two parents had a child with type blood AB. If one of the par…
21 terms
Biology: Genetics- mendel and beyond
Who is Gregor Mendal?
Mendel studied seven basic traits (con…
What is a monohybrid cross?
Mendel developed four hypotheses from…
Was the first person to analyze patterns of inheritance stati…
flower color, position, seed color, seed shape, pod shape, po…
cross between parent plants that differ in only one... character…
-There are alternative forms of genes, now called alleles... -Fo…
Who is Gregor Mendal?
Was the first person to analyze patterns of inheritance stati…
Mendel studied seven basic traits (con…
flower color, position, seed color, seed shape, pod shape, po…
26 terms
AP Biology Mendel Genetics
Character
Trait
True-breeding
Hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
Each variant for a character
Over many generations, it had produced only the same variety…
Mating of two true-breeding parents
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
Trait
Each variant for a character
37 terms
Biology - Mendel Genetics Unit
IA IB, IA i, IA IA
IA IB, IB i
50
law of independent assortment
Two parents had a child with type blood A. If one of the pare…
Two parents had a child with type blood AB. If one of the par…
Mendel was experimenting with seed color and crossed recessiv…
Mendel found that the inheritance of one trait had no effect…
IA IB, IA i, IA IA
Two parents had a child with type blood A. If one of the pare…
IA IB, IB i
Two parents had a child with type blood AB. If one of the par…
22 terms
Biology Mendel and Genetics
trait
genetics
purebred
cross
distinguishing characteristic that are inherited
the study of biological inheritance patterns and variation of…
types of organism who's ancestors are genetically uniform
breeding two organisms
trait
distinguishing characteristic that are inherited
genetics
the study of biological inheritance patterns and variation of…
9 terms
biology genetics: extending mendel
carrier
sex-linked gene
x chromosome inactivation
incomplete dominance
organism whose genome contains a gene for a certain trait or…
gene that is located on a sex chromosome
process that occurs in female mammals in which one of the x c…
heterozygous phenotype that is a blend of the two homozygous…
carrier
organism whose genome contains a gene for a certain trait or…
sex-linked gene
gene that is located on a sex chromosome
25 terms
Biology Mendel and Genetics Vocabulary
Monohybrid cross
Autosome
Mutation
Homozygous
Crossing involving one pair of contrasting traits
A chromosome that is not directly involved in determining sex
Change in the DNA of a gene or chromosome
Refers to an individual with two identical alleles for a trait
Monohybrid cross
Crossing involving one pair of contrasting traits
Autosome
A chromosome that is not directly involved in determining sex
40 terms
Mendel Genetics Burch Biology
Gene
Trait
Allele
Dominant Allele
A unit of heredity, stretch of DNA that codes for a specific…
A genetically determined characteristic
A variant form of a gene, coding for a version of a trait
An allele that is always expressed when present
Gene
A unit of heredity, stretch of DNA that codes for a specific…
Trait
A genetically determined characteristic
23 terms
Biology Mendel's Genetics
True breeding ... True TALL + true SHORT…
Self-pollination
Genotype
Phenotype... Ex. ... Tall, yellow seeds... Shor…
When a certain charastic is ALWAYS passed to the offspring
The process of a plant sexually reproducing with itself
Two letter set that represents the alleles an organism posses…
The observable expression of an organisms genes (What it look…
True breeding ... True TALL + true SHORT…
When a certain charastic is ALWAYS passed to the offspring
Self-pollination
The process of a plant sexually reproducing with itself
13 terms
Biology Mendel & Genetics
genetics
what is heredity
traits
what are the 2 types of alleles
Study of heredity
passing traits (characteristics) from parents to offspring
inherited characteristics
dominant and recessive
genetics
Study of heredity
what is heredity
passing traits (characteristics) from parents to offspring
24 terms
Biology Mendel, Meiosis, and Genetics
Chromosomes in Human Diploid
Chromosomes in Human Haploid
End result of Meiosis
Gametes
46
23
4 Gametes
Haploid cells
Chromosomes in Human Diploid
46
Chromosomes in Human Haploid
23
17 terms
Biology Mendel Genetics Test
Homozygous
Alleles
Law of Segregation
Fertilization
matching allels
alternative forms of a gene shown by mutation
alleles separate so each gamete has only one type of allel
fusion of a male and female gametes to make a zygote
Homozygous
matching allels
Alleles
alternative forms of a gene shown by mutation
38 terms
Biology Mendel and Genetics
Who is Gregor Mendel?
define alleles
what is a dominant gene?
what is a reccesive gene?
person who discovered genetics through pea plants. created th…
alternate forms of a trait
anytime it is present it will express itself
the only way to express is if there are both of them
Who is Gregor Mendel?
person who discovered genetics through pea plants. created th…
define alleles
alternate forms of a trait
81 terms
Mendel and Genetics Biology Quiz
What are the two major cell type group…
What is another name for gametes?
What is another name for somatic cells?
What organs are gametes located in?
Somatic Cells and Gametes
Germ Cells
Body cells
Reproductive organs
What are the two major cell type group…
Somatic Cells and Gametes
What is another name for gametes?
Germ Cells
Biology Chapter 8: Mendel Genetics
Genetics
Traits
Genome
Gene
The study of inheritance patterns and variations
Distinguishing characteristics that are inherited
The entire genetic molecule
Segment of DNA that contains the information for the trait
Genetics
The study of inheritance patterns and variations
Traits
Distinguishing characteristics that are inherited
21 terms
Biology Genetic basics and Mendel
genetics
Gregor Mendel
P generation
F1
science of heredity
first discovered the basic principles of genetics working wit…
the parental generation; the first breeding that takes place
the "first filial" generation; the offspring resulting from t…
genetics
science of heredity
Gregor Mendel
first discovered the basic principles of genetics working wit…
15 terms
Biology Chapter 11 Mendel and genetics
Gregor Mendel
gene
allele
dominant
father of genetics ... by preventing self pollination and manual…
is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity.... which…
alternative form of a gene... b = blue (recessive)... B = brown (do…
capital letter, masks or conceals the allele for the other tr…
Gregor Mendel
father of genetics ... by preventing self pollination and manual…
gene
is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity.... which…
37 terms
Mendel Genetics
GENETICS
HEREDITY
Gregor Mendel
TRAIT
The scientific study of heredity.
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Father of Genetics who studied sexual reproduction in pea pla…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
GENETICS
The scientific study of heredity.
HEREDITY
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
83 terms
Mendel and Genetics
Who is the father of heredity?
Mendel's law that states that each all…
Mendel's law that indicates that each…
Two chromosomes that code for the same…
Mendel
Law of Independent Assortment
Law of Segregation
Homologous
Who is the father of heredity?
Mendel
Mendel's law that states that each all…
Law of Independent Assortment
Biology: Mendel Genetics Test Outline
True or False
A homozygous individual could have a B…
In Mendel's experiments, purple flower…
Heredity is the science of genetics.
...
False
True
False
True or False
...
A homozygous individual could have a B…
False
25 terms
6th period Biology, Mendel Genetics
Heredity
Genetics
Monohybrid cross
True-breeding
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in…
a cross between individuals that involves one pair of contras…
all offspring display only one form of a particular trait
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetics
the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in…
43 terms
AP Biology Chapter 14/15: Mendel and Genetics
Gregor Mendel
True Breeding
Hybridization
P Generation
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
If an organism has a certain characteristic that is always pa…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Parental generation, the first two individuals that mate in a…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
True Breeding
If an organism has a certain characteristic that is always pa…
Mendel Genetics
genetics
heredity
fertilization
trait
scientific study of heredity
delivery of characteristics from parent to offspring
sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cells join…
specific characteristic of an individual such as seed color o…
genetics
scientific study of heredity
heredity
delivery of characteristics from parent to offspring
69 terms
Biology: Chapter 14/Mendel and Genetics
Blending hypothesis
Particulate hypothesis
Why did Mendel choose peas?
Character
Genetic material contributed by the two parents mixes just as…
The gene idea ... - Parents pass on discrete heritable units (ge…
Many varieties: purple flowers and white flowers ... - Short gen…
Heritable feature that varies among individuals (flower color)
Blending hypothesis
Genetic material contributed by the two parents mixes just as…
Particulate hypothesis
The gene idea ... - Parents pass on discrete heritable units (ge…
47 terms
AP Biology- Genetics- The Work of Mendel
Who was Gregor Mendel?
What made Mendel's studies so profound?
What does the P (in P generation) mean?
What does the F (in F1 and F2) mean?
A monk who documented inheritance in peas
he focused more on quantatative analysis
Parent
Filial
Who was Gregor Mendel?
A monk who documented inheritance in peas
What made Mendel's studies so profound?
he focused more on quantatative analysis
24 terms
Biology I (Genetics: Mendel) Vocab
Gregor Mendel
Allele
Phenotype
Genotype
father of genetics
letter that represents a trait
physical appearance of an organism due to genes
genetic makeup of an organism
Gregor Mendel
father of genetics
Allele
letter that represents a trait
19 terms
AP Biology Vocabulary MENDEL GENETICS
gene
• allele
• dominant
• recessive
hereditary unit transferred from a parent to offspring, deter…
1 of 2 or more alternative forms of a gene, arise by mutation…
alleles that take priority over recessive alleles, will alway…
alleles that appear in a phenotype when paired with another r…
gene
hereditary unit transferred from a parent to offspring, deter…
• allele
1 of 2 or more alternative forms of a gene, arise by mutation…
19 terms
Mendel Genetics
genetics
heredity
Gregor Mendel
trait
The scientific study of heredity or the passing of traits fro…
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Father of Genetics who studied the passing of traits in pea p…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
genetics
The scientific study of heredity or the passing of traits fro…
heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
47 terms
AP Biology- Genetics- The Work of Mendel
Who was Gregor Mendel?
What made Mendel's studies so profound?
What does the P (in P generation) mean?
What does the F (in F1 and F2) mean?
A monk who documented inheritance in peas
he focused more on quantatative analysis
Parent
Filial
Who was Gregor Mendel?
A monk who documented inheritance in peas
What made Mendel's studies so profound?
he focused more on quantatative analysis
12 terms
Honors Biology: Genetics (Gregor Mendel)
Allele
Trait
Genetics
Heredity
Different forms of a gene
Variation of a characteristic
Study of heredity
Passing of traits through the generations
Allele
Different forms of a gene
Trait
Variation of a characteristic
34 terms
Mendel genetics honors biology review
Fathers of genetics
Distinguishing characteristics that ar…
Study of biological inheritance
What traits did he observe
Mendel
Traits
Genetics
Inherited
Fathers of genetics
Mendel
Distinguishing characteristics that ar…
Traits
22 terms
Mendel & Genetics
GENETICS
HEREDITY
Gregor Mendel
TRAIT
The scientific study of heredity.
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
Father of Genetics who studied sexual reproduction in pea pla…
A different forms of a characteristic that an organism can pa…
GENETICS
The scientific study of heredity.
HEREDITY
The passing of traits from parents to offspring.
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