Study sets matching "mendel chapter 14"

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Study sets matching "mendel chapter 14"

22 terms
Chapter 14- Mendel
Mendel
Menel's 2 Laws of Genetics
Law of Segregation
Law of Independent Assortment
-same time as Darwin... -figured out "laws" for how things (trai…
-Law of Segregation... -Law of Independent Assortment
-When animals pass on their traits, their alleles separate/se…
the way chromosomes lines up in a cell can change the genetic…
Mendel
-same time as Darwin... -figured out "laws" for how things (trai…
Menel's 2 Laws of Genetics
-Law of Segregation... -Law of Independent Assortment
10 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel
Law of segregation
Law of independent assortment
Homozygous recessive
Incomplete dominance
Allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, a…
Allele pairs separate independently during the formation of g…
What is the unknown crossed with in a test cross?
When 2 alleles combine into an intermediate phenotype
Law of segregation
Allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, a…
Law of independent assortment
Allele pairs separate independently during the formation of g…
22 terms
Chapter 14- Mendel
monohybrid cross
what was the blending hypothesis?
define the Particle Theory
what is the phenotype?
breeding experiments involving one trait at a time
theory that offspring has traits that were a blended version…
hereditary traits act like discrete units as they are passed…
the physical characteristic, what you see
monohybrid cross
breeding experiments involving one trait at a time
what was the blending hypothesis?
theory that offspring has traits that were a blended version…
43 terms
Chapter 14- Mendel & Genetics
Gregor Mendel
True-Breeding
Hybridization
P Generation
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
describes organisms or genotypes that are homozygous for a sp…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Parental generation, the first two individuals that mate in a…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
True-Breeding
describes organisms or genotypes that are homozygous for a sp…
27 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel and The Gene
Gene
Allele
Dominant allele
Recessive allele
...
...
...
...
Gene
...
Allele
...
38 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel/Genetics
Gregor Mendel
True-breeding
P generation
F1 generation
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
Organisms that, when reproducing, create offspring of all the…
Parental generation, the first two individuals that mate in a…
the first generation of offspring obtained from an experiment…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
True-breeding
Organisms that, when reproducing, create offspring of all the…
20 terms
Chapter 14 Mendel and Genetics
trait
Garden Pea
true breeding
F1
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
What did Gregor Mendel use to study genetics?
Plants that produce offspring of the same variety when they s…
the first generation of offspring obtained from an experiment…
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Garden Pea
What did Gregor Mendel use to study genetics?
Chapter 14: Mendel and Genes
Mendel's basic principles of heredity
why did Mendel use peas?
Mendel's technique
Mendel's conclusion
law of segregation... law of independent assortment
many varieties... short generation time... large number of offsprin…
remove stamens from male purple flowers (to hinder it from se…
the factor for white flowers wasn't diluted or destroyed beca…
Mendel's basic principles of heredity
law of segregation... law of independent assortment
why did Mendel use peas?
many varieties... short generation time... large number of offsprin…
21 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel
Law of Segregation
Trait units
color character
punnet square
disproved the theory of blending
alleles
gene
used to predict genotype frequencies
Law of Segregation
disproved the theory of blending
Trait units
alleles
Chapter 14: Mendel
Gene
Allele
Hybridization
P-Generation
Unit of heredity.
Multiple forms of the same gene.
Crossing by mating.
Parent generation.
Gene
Unit of heredity.
Allele
Multiple forms of the same gene.
18 terms
Chapter 14 Mendel
Blending hypothesis
Particulate hypothesis
True breeding
P generation
Idea that the genetic material from the teo parents blends to…
Idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units
Plants that produce offspring of the same variety when they s…
True breeding parents
Blending hypothesis
Idea that the genetic material from the teo parents blends to…
Particulate hypothesis
Idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units
Chapter 14 mendel
homozygous
Heterozygous
Phenotype
Genotype
two identical alleles
two different alleles
genes physical appearance
genetic makeup
homozygous
two identical alleles
Heterozygous
two different alleles
Chapter 14 - Mendel
Character
Trait
True-breeding
Hybridization
A heritage feature that varies among individuals
Each variant for a character
Seeds produced by self-pollinatiom in successive generations…
Mating of two true-breeding varieties
Character
A heritage feature that varies among individuals
Trait
Each variant for a character
16 terms
Chapter 14 Mendel
Allele
F1 Generation
Trait
hybridization
Alternative form of a gene
the hybrid offspring of the parental generation
heritable features that varies
the crossing of two true breeding
Allele
Alternative form of a gene
F1 Generation
the hybrid offspring of the parental generation
Chapter 14 - Mendel and the Gene Idea
Blending hypothesis
particulate hypothesis
Mendel
Why peas?
idea that genetic material from the two parents blends together
idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
demonstrated basic principles of heredity in carefully planne…
many varieties - each with distinct heritable characteristics…
Blending hypothesis
idea that genetic material from the two parents blends together
particulate hypothesis
idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
31 terms
Chapter 14 Mendel and Gene Idea
character
trait
true-breeding
hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
Each variant of a character.
Organisms that, when reproducing, create offspring of all the…
The crossing of two different true-breeding parents.
character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
trait
Each variant of a character.
Chapter 14 Mendel
Gregor Mendel was interested in the tr…
Define: Trait
What question was Mendel trying to ans…
During Mendel's time, what were the tw…
Heredity
is any characteristic of an individual
1. why offspring resemble their parents ... 2. How transmission…
1. Blending inheritance ... 2. Acquired characteristics
Gregor Mendel was interested in the tr…
Heredity
Define: Trait
is any characteristic of an individual
127 terms
Chapter 14:Mendel Genetics
An organism that is heterozygous with…
The ability of a single gene to have m…
A technique associated with prenatal d…
an additive effect two or more genes o…
dybrid
pleiotropy
chorionic villus sampling
polygenic inheritance
An organism that is heterozygous with…
dybrid
The ability of a single gene to have m…
pleiotropy
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene
Inheritance of Acquired characteristics
Monohybrid Cross
Reciprocal Cross
Autosomal Inheritance
Hypothesis proposed by Mendel. This competed with the idea of…
-In Mendel's study, parents were pure line... Single trait studi…
Mendel used this to determine if gender influenced the inheri…
Genes on non-sex chromosomes show this
Inheritance of Acquired characteristics
Hypothesis proposed by Mendel. This competed with the idea of…
Monohybrid Cross
-In Mendel's study, parents were pure line... Single trait studi…
31 terms
(Chapter 14) Mendel and the Gene Idea
Character
Trait
True-breeding
Hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals, such as fl…
Each variant for a character, such as purple or white color f…
An organism that is true-breeding; sometimes also called a pu…
Mating, or crossing, of two true-breeding varieties (like pur…
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals, such as fl…
Trait
Each variant for a character, such as purple or white color f…
35 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene
Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance
Blending Hypothesis
Inheritance of Acquired Characters
Gene
- Explains how genetic information is transmitted from one ge…
Traits observed in offspring result from a combination of the…
Traits present in parents are modified through use and passed…
A hereditary factor that influences a particular trait
Chromosomal Theory of Inheritance
- Explains how genetic information is transmitted from one ge…
Blending Hypothesis
Traits observed in offspring result from a combination of the…
35 terms
Chapter 14 - Mendel
evolution
Mendel
advantages of peas
traits
this makes sense of everything we know about living organisms…
discovered the basic principles of heredity by breeding garde…
1) many varieties with distinct heritable features or charact…
character variants (such as purple and white for flower colour)
evolution
this makes sense of everything we know about living organisms…
Mendel
discovered the basic principles of heredity by breeding garde…
17 terms
Chapter 14 Mendel
genotype
heterozygous
homozygous
phenotype
alleles; total DNA content of an organism
2 different alleles of the same gene
2 copies of the same allele
physical trait
genotype
alleles; total DNA content of an organism
heterozygous
2 different alleles of the same gene
Chapter 14 (Mendel & the Gene Idea)
Terms: **
Gregor Mendel
P Generation
F1 Generation
"Father of Genetics"... -Studied meiosis in pea plants
True- Breeding Parents "Parents"
Hybrid Offspring "Kids"
Terms: **
Gregor Mendel
"Father of Genetics"... -Studied meiosis in pea plants
Chapter 14/15: Mendel and Genetics
Gregor Mendel
True-Breeding
Hybridization
P Generation
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
describes organisms or genotypes that are homozygous for a sp…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Parental generation, the first two individuals that mate in a…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
True-Breeding
describes organisms or genotypes that are homozygous for a sp…
43 terms
Chapter 14/15: Mendel and Genetics
Gregor Mendel
True-breeding
Hybridization
P generation
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Parental generation, the first two individuals that mate in a…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
True-breeding
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
37 terms
HONORS CHAPTER 14 MENDEL & GENES
Mendel discovered a __________ for inh…
character
trait
true breeding
particulate mechanism
detectable inheritable feature of an organism; determined by…
variant of an inheritable character
always produces offspring with the same traits as the parents…
Mendel discovered a __________ for inh…
particulate mechanism
character
detectable inheritable feature of an organism; determined by…
Chapter 14-15: Mendel and Genetics
Gregor Mendel
True-breeding
Hybridization
P generation
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Parental generation, the first two individuals that mate in a…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
True-breeding
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
43 terms
Chapter 14/15: Mendel and Genetics
Gregor Mendel
True-Breeding
Hybridization
P Generation
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
Organisms that, when reproducing, create offspring of all the…
crossing dissimilar individuals to bring together the best of…
Parental generation, the first two individuals that mate in a…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
True-Breeding
Organisms that, when reproducing, create offspring of all the…
26 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Idea
Character
Trait
True-breeding
Hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
The specific variants of a heritable feature.
Organisms that produce offspring of the same variety as the p…
The mating, or crossing, of two true-breeding varieties.
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
Trait
The specific variants of a heritable feature.
43 terms
Chapter 14/15- Mendel and Genetics
Gregor Mendel
True-breeding
hybridization
P generation
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
Parental generation, the first two individuals that mate in a…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
True-breeding
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
55 terms
Chapter 14 - Mendel and the Gene Idea
Blending hypothesis
particulate hypothesis
Mendel
Why peas?
idea that genetic material from the two parents blends together
idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
demonstrated basic principles of heredity in carefully planne…
many varieties - each with distinct heritable characteristics…
Blending hypothesis
idea that genetic material from the two parents blends together
particulate hypothesis
idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
44 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Idea
character
trait
true-breeding (pure)
hybridization
a heritable feature that varies among individuals (i.e. flowe…
each variant for a character (i.e. purple, white)
An individual that only produces offspring of its same variet…
a cross (or mating) between two true-breeding individuals
character
a heritable feature that varies among individuals (i.e. flowe…
trait
each variant for a character (i.e. purple, white)
38 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel Genetics
P generation
F1 Generation
F2 generation
Purple Flower
True breeding parents- one parent purple (PP) and one parent…
offspring of p generation (Pp)
offspring of the f1 generation (Pp by Pp) 3:1 ratio
Dominant
P generation
True breeding parents- one parent purple (PP) and one parent…
F1 Generation
offspring of p generation (Pp)
47 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Ideal
Blending Hypothesis
Particulate Hypothesis
Professors that Influenced Mendel's Work
Character
Idea that genetic material contributed by two parents mixes.…
Parents pass on discrete heritable units that retain their se…
Physicist Christian Doppler and botanist Franz Unger
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
Blending Hypothesis
Idea that genetic material contributed by two parents mixes.…
Particulate Hypothesis
Parents pass on discrete heritable units that retain their se…
26 terms
Chomicz's Chapter 14 Mendel
character
trait
true-breeding
hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
describes organisms or genotypes that are homozygous for a sp…
Breeding technique that involves crossing dissimilar individu…
character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
29 terms
Chapter 14 (Mendel)
What is a mono hybrid cross?
Define phenotype?
Different alleles are responsible for…
Alleles found in a particular individu…
Taking two different genetic determinants and crossing their…
Observable traits results from interaction of genotype.
True; alleles are referred to as genotype.
True; genotype has profound effect on phenotype (observable c…
What is a mono hybrid cross?
Taking two different genetic determinants and crossing their…
Define phenotype?
Observable traits results from interaction of genotype.
34 terms
Chapter 14- Mendel and the gene idea
character
trait
true-breeding
hybridization
heritable feature that varies among individuals
each variant of a character
organisms that are all homozygous for a particular trait ex:…
crossing of 2 true breeding varieties
character
heritable feature that varies among individuals
trait
each variant of a character
39 terms
Chapter 14 - Mendel and the Gene Idea
Character
Trait
Somatic Cell
Homolog
A heritable feature among individuals, such as flower color.
Each variant for a character, such as purple or white color f…
...
...
Character
A heritable feature among individuals, such as flower color.
Trait
Each variant for a character, such as purple or white color f…
49 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel and Gene Idea
Character
Trait
True-Breeding
Hybridization
An observable heritable feature that may vary among individuals
1 of 2 or more detectable variants in a genetic character
Referring to organisms that produce offspring of the same var…
In genetics, the mating, or crossing, or 2 true-breeding vari…
Character
An observable heritable feature that may vary among individuals
Trait
1 of 2 or more detectable variants in a genetic character
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene idea
character
trait
true-breeding
dihybrid cross
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
A cross between individuals that have different alleles for t…
character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Chapter 14- mendel and the gene idea
blending hypothesis
particulate hypothesis
character
trait
idea that genetic material from the two parents blends together
idea that parents pass on discrete heritable untis
a heritable feature that varies among individuals
each variant for a character
blending hypothesis
idea that genetic material from the two parents blends together
particulate hypothesis
idea that parents pass on discrete heritable untis
48 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Idea
character
trait
allele
dominant allele
an observable heritable feature that may vary among individua…
One of two or more detectable variants in a genetic character…
any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
An allele that is fully expressed in the phenoype of a hetero…
character
an observable heritable feature that may vary among individua…
trait
One of two or more detectable variants in a genetic character…
Chapter 14 Mendel and the Gene Idea
mendel's theory
alleles
law of independent assortment
phenotype
1. alleles are why there is variations in the inherited chara…
different versions of genes; resulting from slightly differen…
Mendel's second law, stating that allele pairs separate from…
physical appearance
mendel's theory
1. alleles are why there is variations in the inherited chara…
alleles
different versions of genes; resulting from slightly differen…
Chapter 14 - Mendel and the Gene Idea
Character
Trait
True-breeding
Hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
Each variant for a character
Homozygous for a given trait
The mating or crossing of two true-breeding parents
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals
Trait
Each variant for a character
17 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Idea
Trait
True-breeding
Hybridization
Alleles
The specific variants of a heritable feature.
Organisms that produce offspring of the same variety as the p…
The mating, or crossing, of two true-breeding varieties.
The alternative versions of a gene.
Trait
The specific variants of a heritable feature.
True-breeding
Organisms that produce offspring of the same variety as the p…
Chapter 14 : Mendel and the Gene Idea
Blending Hypothesis
Particulate Hypothesis
Character
Trait
Genetic material from the two parents blends together ... ex. gr…
Parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)... ex. collecti…
A heritable feature that varies among individual (color)
Variant for a character (purple or white)
Blending Hypothesis
Genetic material from the two parents blends together ... ex. gr…
Particulate Hypothesis
Parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)... ex. collecti…
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Idea
character
trait
allele
dominant allele
an observable heritable feature that may vary among individua…
One of two or more detectable variants in a genetic character…
any of the alternative versions of a gene that may produce di…
An allele that is fully expressed in the phenoype of a hetero…
character
an observable heritable feature that may vary among individua…
trait
One of two or more detectable variants in a genetic character…
16 terms
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Idea
Character
Trait
Advantages of working with peas
Hybrids
A heritable feature that varies among individuals, such as fl…
Each variant for a character, such as purple or white colors…
Many variaties... Short generation time and the large number of…
offspring that are the result of mating between two genetical…
Character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals, such as fl…
Trait
Each variant for a character, such as purple or white colors…
20 terms
Chapter 14- Mendel and the Gene Idea
Gregor Mendel
Why did Mendel use pea plants?
P generation
F1 generation
-Australian monk... -Brought experimental and quantitative appro…
-Control mating (self vs. cross pollination)... -Many varieties…
First set of parents crossed, their genotype is the basis for…
Offspring of P generation
Gregor Mendel
-Australian monk... -Brought experimental and quantitative appro…
Why did Mendel use pea plants?
-Control mating (self vs. cross pollination)... -Many varieties…
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