Study sets matching "mendel"

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Study sets matching "mendel"

18 terms
Mendel
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
passing of physical characteristics to parents to offsprings
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
heredity
passing of physical characteristics to parents to offsprings
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Mendel
monohybrid
dihybrid
homozygous
heterozygous
one set of traits crossed
two sets of traits crossed
two the same allele
two different alleles
monohybrid
one set of traits crossed
dihybrid
two sets of traits crossed
10 terms
Mendel
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
passing of physical characteristics to parents to offsprings
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
heredity
passing of physical characteristics to parents to offsprings
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
20 terms
Mendel
Fertilization
True-Breeding
Gene
Hybrid
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Section of DNA that determines trait
An animal or plant that is produced from two animals or plant…
Fertilization
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
True-Breeding
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
20 terms
Mendel
Fertilization
True-Breeding
Gene
Hybrid
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Section of DNA that determines trait
An animal or plant that is produced from two animals or plant…
Fertilization
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
True-Breeding
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
13 terms
Mendel
Law of Segregation
Law of Independent Assortment
Law of Ind Assortment
meiosis
members of a pair of homologous chromosomes separate during t…
each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates ind…
Mendel examined 7 different chromos. traits... -must understand…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
Law of Segregation
members of a pair of homologous chromosomes separate during t…
Law of Independent Assortment
each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates ind…
14 terms
Mendel
monohybrid
dihybrid
homozygous
heterozygous
one set of traits crossed
two sets of traits crossed
two the same allele
two different alleles
monohybrid
one set of traits crossed
dihybrid
two sets of traits crossed
18 terms
Mendel
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
passing of physical characteristics to parents to offsprings
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
heredity
passing of physical characteristics to parents to offsprings
trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
16 terms
Mendel
Heterozygous
Homozygous
Alleles
Dominant
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
Different forms of a gene
An allele that is always expressed
Heterozygous
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
Homozygous
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
10 terms
Mendel
Genotype
Phenotype
Gregor Mendel ... Father of Modern Genetics
Heterozygous
Gene combination...Bb or BB or bb
Physical appearance black hair or blue eyes or tall
Studied pea plants law of independent assortment & segregation
Different alleles in pair Bb or Tt or Rr
Genotype
Gene combination...Bb or BB or bb
Phenotype
Physical appearance black hair or blue eyes or tall
Mendel
Heredity
Trait
How many traits did Mendel study & wha…
"Pure" for specific trait
Transmission of traits from parent to offspring
Specific characteristic
3 contrasting traits ... Peas
Same type of allele 100%
Heredity
Transmission of traits from parent to offspring
Trait
Specific characteristic
Mendel
heredity
genetics
monohybrid cross
true-breeding
Passing traits from parents to offspring.
scientific study of heredity
cross involving one pair of contrasting traits
all offspring will display only the characters it's parent sh…
heredity
Passing traits from parents to offspring.
genetics
scientific study of heredity
Mendel
Law of Segregation
Law of Independent Assortment
meiosis
Homologous chromosomes
members of a pair of homologous chromosomes separate during t…
each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates ind…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
Law of Segregation
members of a pair of homologous chromosomes separate during t…
Law of Independent Assortment
each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates ind…
Mendel
Law of Segregation
Law of Independent Assortment
gene
allele
members of a pair of homologous chromosomes separate during t…
each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates ind…
unit of inheritance ... -DNA sequence codes for a protein
-an alternate form of a gene... slightly diff DNA sequence
Law of Segregation
members of a pair of homologous chromosomes separate during t…
Law of Independent Assortment
each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates ind…
8 terms
Mendel
heredity
genetics
fertilization
purebred
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
the field of science which studies the passing of traits from…
the union of male and female gametes
the condition in which an offspring has the same form of a tr…
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
genetics
the field of science which studies the passing of traits from…
14 terms
Mendel
Law of Segregation
Law of Independent Assortment
meiosis
Homologous chromosomes
members of a pair of homologous chromosomes separate during t…
each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates ind…
(genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in…
chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have t…
Law of Segregation
members of a pair of homologous chromosomes separate during t…
Law of Independent Assortment
each member of a pair of homologous chromosomes separates ind…
25 terms
Mendel
monohybrid
dihybrid
homozygous
heterozygous
one set of traits crossed
two sets of traits crossed
two the same allele
two different alleles
monohybrid
one set of traits crossed
dihybrid
two sets of traits crossed
8 terms
Mendel
allele
fertilization
gamete
gene
different form of a gene
process in which male and female gametes join to produce anew…
cell used for reproduction; egg or sperm
information about an individual's characteristics that is pas…
allele
different form of a gene
fertilization
process in which male and female gametes join to produce anew…
20 terms
Mendel
Fertilization
True-Breeding
Gene
Hybrid
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Section of DNA that determines trait
An animal or plant that is produced from two animals or plant…
Fertilization
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
True-Breeding
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Mendel
Genetics
Fertilization
True Breeding
Trait
Scientific study of heredity
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Term used to describe organisms that produce offspring identi…
Specific characteristics that varies from one individual to a…
Genetics
Scientific study of heredity
Fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female repro…
Mendel
Mendel
Dihybrid cross
Independent assortment
Genotype
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
cross, or mating, between organisms involving two pairs of co…
Independent segregation of genes during the formation of game…
An organism's genetic makeup
Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
Dihybrid cross
cross, or mating, between organisms involving two pairs of co…
Mendel
Fertilization
True-Breeding
Gene
Hybrid
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Section of DNA that determines trait
An animal or plant that is produced from two animals or plant…
Fertilization
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
True-Breeding
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Mendel
Mendel
Pea Plant
Parental Generation
Dominant
Who is considered the Father of Heredity?
What did Mendel use to study Heredity?
What do we call the very first two plants Mendel used?
What do we call the stronger trait?
Mendel
Who is considered the Father of Heredity?
Pea Plant
What did Mendel use to study Heredity?
10 terms
Mendel
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
the passing of physical characteristics from parent to offspr…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
the scientific study of heredity
The process by which egg and sperm join to form a new organis…
Heredity
the passing of physical characteristics from parent to offspr…
Trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
17 terms
Mendel
genetics
true-breeding
trait
hybrids
the study of heredity
something that is allowed to self-pollinate and produce offsp…
specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
genetics
the study of heredity
true-breeding
something that is allowed to self-pollinate and produce offsp…
17 terms
Mendel
Fertilization
True-Breeding
Gene
Allele
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Section of DNA that determines trait
The different forms of a gene
Fertilization
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
True-Breeding
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Mendel
Allele
Hereditary
Gene
Homozygous
A version of a gene (represented in a punnet square by capita…
Study of how traits are passed down by inheritance from an an…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
Allele
A version of a gene (represented in a punnet square by capita…
Hereditary
Study of how traits are passed down by inheritance from an an…
20 terms
Mendel
geneticsthe
true-breeding
trait
hybrids
study of heredity
something that is allowed to self-pollinate and produce offsp…
specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
geneticsthe
study of heredity
true-breeding
something that is allowed to self-pollinate and produce offsp…
Mendel
Fertilization
True-Breeding
Gene
Hybrid
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Section of DNA that determines trait
An animal or plant that is produced from two animals or plant…
Fertilization
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote
True-Breeding
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
6 terms
MENDEL
mendel
mn
m
md
מענדל
מי
מ
מג
mendel
מענדל
mn
מי
Mendel
Gregor Mendel
what did he study?
heredity
trait
He was a mathematician, statistician, farmer, monk, and teacher
garden peas—-> pisum sativum
transmission of traits from parent to offspring
genetically determined variable of a characteristic such as f…
Gregor Mendel
He was a mathematician, statistician, farmer, monk, and teacher
what did he study?
garden peas—-> pisum sativum
8 terms
Mendel
If mendel was to cross a true bred gre…
What ever color they were, explain why…
If a hybrid purple flowered plant cros…
The purple flowered plant has genotype…
yellow
Yellow, because yellow is more dominate to green so it would…
it would be a purple plant because it's a 3:1 chance that it…
heterozygous
If mendel was to cross a true bred gre…
yellow
What ever color they were, explain why…
Yellow, because yellow is more dominate to green so it would…
Mendel
Mendels laws
Law of segregation
Law of dominance
Law of independent assortment
Independent assortement,law of dominance,law of segregation
allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, a…
one of the factors for a pair of inherited traits will be dom…
that allele pairs separate independently during the formation…
Mendels laws
Independent assortement,law of dominance,law of segregation
Law of segregation
allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, a…
38 terms
Mendel
The "blending" hypothesis
The "particulate" hypothesis
"particulate" mechanism
1. There are many varieties with disti…
the idea that genetic material from the two parents blend tog…
the idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes).
Which mechanism was documented through garden peas?
What are the advantages of using pea plants for genetic study?
The "blending" hypothesis
the idea that genetic material from the two parents blend tog…
The "particulate" hypothesis
the idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes).
9 terms
Mendel
Heredity
Gene
Allele
Dominant
The passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by…
An allele or a gene that is expressed in an organism's phenot…
Heredity
The passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetica…
Gene
A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offsp…
17 terms
Mendel
Character
Trait
Gene
Allele
Heretiable physical feature
Variation of character
DNA segments that are inherited from parents during reproduct…
Different version of a gene
Character
Heretiable physical feature
Trait
Variation of character
Mendel
Inheritance
Gene
Allele
Locus
Parents and offspring often share observable traits ... mechanis…
functioning region of DNA
Alternate forms of genes- difference in DNA sequence that alt…
location of the gene
Inheritance
Parents and offspring often share observable traits ... mechanis…
Gene
functioning region of DNA
20 terms
Mendel
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Hybrids
The scientific study of heredity.
The process in which male and female reproductive cells cross.
A specific characteristic of an individual
The offspring of crosses between parents of different traits.
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity.
Fertilization
The process in which male and female reproductive cells cross.
23 terms
mendel
true-breeding
homozygous
heterozygous
nondisjunction
self-fertilization produces offspring all identical to parent
two identical alleles
two different alleles
can occur in males and females
true-breeding
self-fertilization produces offspring all identical to parent
homozygous
two identical alleles
10 terms
Mendel
mendel's experimental method
character
trait
monohybrid cross vs. dihybrid cross
1 true breeding for certain traits.... 2. cross-fertilize -> hyb…
heritable trait
each variant of a character.
MONO:... cross between two true-breeding lines that differ for o…
mendel's experimental method
1 true breeding for certain traits.... 2. cross-fertilize -> hyb…
character
heritable trait
Mendel
Reciprocal cross
Seed color
Seed shape
Flower color
Indicates if sex matters
Yellow & green = yellow
Round & wrinkle = round
Purple & white = purple
Reciprocal cross
Indicates if sex matters
Seed color
Yellow & green = yellow
6 terms
Mendel
Genotype:
Phenotype:
Homozygous (Pure):
Heterozygous (Hybrid):
the genetic makeup of an organism for a given trait
the actual expression of the genes that exist for a trait
when both genes in a pair call for the same allele form, PP o…
when the genes in a pair call for different allele forms, Pp
Genotype:
the genetic makeup of an organism for a given trait
Phenotype:
the actual expression of the genes that exist for a trait
32 terms
Mendel
"blending" hypothesis
"particulate" hypothesis
cross-pollination
true-breeding
the idea that genetic material from two parents blends togeth…
the idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
fertilization between different plants
produced offspring of the same variety when they self pollinate
"blending" hypothesis
the idea that genetic material from two parents blends togeth…
"particulate" hypothesis
the idea that parents pass on discrete heritable units (genes)
12 terms
Mendel
3:1
9:3:3:1
homozygous
gamete
Ratio of dominant phenotype to recessive phenotype in a MONOh…
Ratio of dominant genotype to recessive phenotype combination…
Contain two identical alleles of the gene that determines the…
a mature haploid cell that is needed for reproduction
3:1
Ratio of dominant phenotype to recessive phenotype in a MONOh…
9:3:3:1
Ratio of dominant genotype to recessive phenotype combination…
20 terms
Mendel
Trait
True-breeding
Allele
Dominant Allele
Each variant for a character
Over many generations, it had produced only the same variety…
Alternative versions of a gene
Determine the organisms physical characteristics - A
Trait
Each variant for a character
True-breeding
Over many generations, it had produced only the same variety…
20 terms
Mendel
Trait
True-breeding
Allele
Dominant Allele
Each variant for a character
Over many generations, it had produced only the same variety…
Alternative versions of a gene
Determine the organisms physical characteristics - A
Trait
Each variant for a character
True-breeding
Over many generations, it had produced only the same variety…
Mendel
Mendel
Pollination
Dominant
Recessive
Austrian Monk who lived in the 1800s.
gametes are released by tiny grains of pollen. The female gam…
trait is controlled by two factors. He also concluded that on…
Opposite of dominant
Mendel
Austrian Monk who lived in the 1800s.
Pollination
gametes are released by tiny grains of pollen. The female gam…
12 terms
Mendel
Monohybrid Crosses
Dihybrid and Trihybrid Crosses
Phenotype
Genotype
Hybridized true breeding plants for each of the 2 forms of a…
Hybridized plants that combined more than 2 of one of the 7 c…
Observable trait that results from the biological activity of…
Total set of genes present in the cells of an organism.
Monohybrid Crosses
Hybridized true breeding plants for each of the 2 forms of a…
Dihybrid and Trihybrid Crosses
Hybridized plants that combined more than 2 of one of the 7 c…
mendel
law of segregation
test cross
law of independent assortment
p generation
the 2 alleles for each character seperate during gamete forma…
determine if dominant trait is homozygous or heterozygous by…
each pair of alleles segregates (seperates) independently dur…
true breeding parents
law of segregation
the 2 alleles for each character seperate during gamete forma…
test cross
determine if dominant trait is homozygous or heterozygous by…
mendel
gregor mendel
mendel's idea
mendel's model
probability calculations
interested in characterizing how traits were inherited in the…
-there is one heritable factor for white flowers and one for…
-alternate variation of genes account for variation in inheri…
p(a and b) = p(a) * p(b)... p(a or b) = p(a) + p(b) ... -this only…
gregor mendel
interested in characterizing how traits were inherited in the…
mendel's idea
-there is one heritable factor for white flowers and one for…
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