Study sets matching "mendel"

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Study sets matching "mendel"

Mendel
Genetics
Heredity
Gregor Mendel
Why did Mendel study peas?
The science of heredity and the mechanisms by which traits ar…
The passing of genetic traits from parents to offspring
•began to observe the growth of many plants ... •studied plants…
•they had easy traits to study ... •produces quickly ... •can contr…
Genetics
The science of heredity and the mechanisms by which traits ar…
Heredity
The passing of genetic traits from parents to offspring
23 terms
Mendel
Allele
Autosome
Carrier
Codominant
An alternative form of a gene
A chromosome that is not directly involved in determining gen…
An individual who is heterozygous for a recessive gene that p…
Phenotypic situation in which both alleles are expressed in t…
Allele
An alternative form of a gene
Autosome
A chromosome that is not directly involved in determining gen…
7 terms
Mendel
Dominant
Genetics
Law of independent assortment
Law of segregation
To have a commanding influence over something
The study of heredity and the variations of inherited charact…
Stating that when two or more genetics are inherited they ass…
Saying that during the production of gametes that they are to…
Dominant
To have a commanding influence over something
Genetics
The study of heredity and the variations of inherited charact…
Mendel
Allele
Dominant
Fertilization
Gametes
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
Observed trait of an organism that masks the recessive trait
Fusion of male and female gamete
Male an female sex cells
Allele
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
Dominant
Observed trait of an organism that masks the recessive trait
Mendel
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
hybrids
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
something that is allowed to self-pollinate and produce offsp…
specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
fertilization
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
true-breeding
something that is allowed to self-pollinate and produce offsp…
21 terms
Mendel
Seven characteristics of plants
Principle of dominance
principle of segregation
principle of independent assortment
height, pod shape, seed shape, seed color, flower position, f…
one allele masked another , one allele was dominant over the…
when gametes are formed, the pairs of hereditary factors beco…
members of 1 gene pair segregate independently from other gen…
Seven characteristics of plants
height, pod shape, seed shape, seed color, flower position, f…
Principle of dominance
one allele masked another , one allele was dominant over the…
Mendel
Law of segregation
alternative versions of a gene are cal…
phenotype
geno type
two alleles for a heritable character separate during gamete…
alleles
physical appearance
genetic makeup
Law of segregation
two alleles for a heritable character separate during gamete…
alternative versions of a gene are cal…
alleles
Mendel
Probability
Punnet squares
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Mathmatical expectations for offspring
User to show the outcomes in heredity
Same allele
Different allele
Probability
Mathmatical expectations for offspring
Punnet squares
User to show the outcomes in heredity
17 terms
Mendel
genes
alleles
character
cross-fertilization (hybridization)
inheritable factors, DNA that codes for a specific character
variant of a gene... blue vs brown eyes
heritable feature that varies among individuals... physically ex…
using two different plants
genes
inheritable factors, DNA that codes for a specific character
alleles
variant of a gene... blue vs brown eyes
11 terms
Mendel
Genetics
Gene
Allele
Chromosome
The study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Threadlike structure containing the DNA that is passed from o…
Genetics
The study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
Gene
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
23 terms
Mendel
Genetics
Gene
Allele
Trait
The study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Specific characteristics that varies from one individual to a…
Genetics
The study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
Gene
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
Mendel
Incomplete dominance
Codominance
Multiple alleles
Polygenic
Cases in which one allele is not completely dominant over ano…
Cases in which both alleles are dominant
Situations in which gene has several different forms
Traits that are produced by the action of several different g…
Incomplete dominance
Cases in which one allele is not completely dominant over ano…
Codominance
Cases in which both alleles are dominant
Mendel
Dominance and Recessiveness
Unit Characters
Segregation
Independent Assortment
Some traits can hide or mask others (D) and some traits can B…
There are two factors which control every trait (1 from mom 1…
Seperation- the TWO factors are separated when sex cells are…
Every trait is inherited independently
Dominance and Recessiveness
Some traits can hide or mask others (D) and some traits can B…
Unit Characters
There are two factors which control every trait (1 from mom 1…
8 terms
Mendel
Heredity
Genetics
Blended Inheritance
Cross-pollination
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
The study of how traits are inherited
The idea that the traits of parents mixed together makes the…
The pollen of one plant fertilizes eggs in the flower of a di…
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetics
The study of how traits are inherited
Mendel
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
Different form of characteristics
The scientific study of Heredity
The process in which a new organism begins to form when the e…
Heredity
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
Trait
Different form of characteristics
16 terms
Mendel
Self Pollination
true breeding
Cross pollination
Homologous chromosomes
When pollen from a flower is used to pollonate the same flower
An organism bred to another of the same type, will produce th…
when pollen from one flower is used to fertilize a flower on…
chromosomes come in pairs that are homologous; one came from…
Self Pollination
When pollen from a flower is used to pollonate the same flower
true breeding
An organism bred to another of the same type, will produce th…
Mendel
Mendles Proposition of 2 fundamental p…
Advantages of pea plants for genetic s…
Description of pea plant
Cross pollenation
law of segregation and the law of independent assortment
available in many varieties, flower colour, short generation…
sperm producing organs (stamens), egg producing organs (carpe…
is achieved by dusting one plant with pollen from another
Mendles Proposition of 2 fundamental p…
law of segregation and the law of independent assortment
Advantages of pea plants for genetic s…
available in many varieties, flower colour, short generation…
15 terms
Mendel
True-Breeding
Gene
Hybrid
Allele
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Section of DNA that determines trait
An animal or plant that is produced from two animals or plant…
The different forms of a gene
True-Breeding
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Gene
Section of DNA that determines trait
20 terms
MEndel
trait
true breeding
hybridization
P generation
characteristic, purple or white flower
AA
AA*aa
Parents
trait
characteristic, purple or white flower
true breeding
AA
13 terms
Mendel
heredity
genetics
trait
gamete
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
branch of biology that studies heredity.
characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
male and female sex cells; sperm and eggs.
heredity
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
genetics
branch of biology that studies heredity.
Mendel
Allele
Dominant trait
Recessive trait
Homozygous
Different form of a gene
The trait that you can see
The trait that is masked by the dominant trait
Have 2 of the same alleles (letters)
Allele
Different form of a gene
Dominant trait
The trait that you can see
34 terms
mendel
mendel's central contribution
mendel was one of the first scientists…
Mendel hypothesis is what
inheritance or heredity
factors (genes) retain individuality generation after generat…
To use rigorus expirements and mathmitial analysis as means t…
There are 2 alternate forms of genes (alleles) ... there are 2 a…
the passing of traits from one generation is called inheritance
mendel's central contribution
factors (genes) retain individuality generation after generat…
mendel was one of the first scientists…
To use rigorus expirements and mathmitial analysis as means t…
20 terms
mendel
heredity
genetics
dominant
recessive
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
a genetic factor that is blocked by the presence of another f…
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
genetics
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring
Mendel
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Garden pea
True-breeding
Study of inheritance
Father of genetics
Produce a large number of offspring in a short period of time
Self-pollinating, produced offspring identical to themselves
Genetics
Study of inheritance
Gregor Mendel
Father of genetics
37 terms
Mendel
Law of segregatity
The principle of independent assortment
Statistically
Monk
Heredity is controlled by paired factors that segrigated when…
Indicates that the segregation of one pair of factor or allel…
Many parts are ____________ based
Mendel was a __________
Law of segregatity
Heredity is controlled by paired factors that segrigated when…
The principle of independent assortment
Indicates that the segregation of one pair of factor or allel…
Mendel
Allele
autosome
carrier
codominant
an alternative form of a gene.
a chromosome that is not directly involved in determining gen…
individual who is heterozygous for recessive gene that predis…
phenotypic situation in which both alleles are expressed in t…
Allele
an alternative form of a gene.
autosome
a chromosome that is not directly involved in determining gen…
7 terms
Mendel
Gene
Allele
Phenotype
Genotype
section on a chromosome that has genetic information for one…
The different forms of a gene are called allele. Each chromos…
Geneticists call how a trait appears, or is expressed, the tr…
The two alleles the control the phenotype of a trait are call…
Gene
section on a chromosome that has genetic information for one…
Allele
The different forms of a gene are called allele. Each chromos…
Mendel
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
Transmission from characteristics from parents to off spring
A characteristic or quality
The science of heredity
When the sperm cell and the egg cell combine
Heredity
Transmission from characteristics from parents to off spring
Trait
A characteristic or quality
14 terms
Mendel
codominance
multiple alleles
incomplete dominance
pleiotrophy
both phenotypes expressed in heterozygotes
more than just 2 kinds of alleles for a single gene
the heterozygote phenotype is the intermediate between the tw…
one gene is able to effect multiple phenotypic characters
codominance
both phenotypes expressed in heterozygotes
multiple alleles
more than just 2 kinds of alleles for a single gene
Mendel
Allele
Phenotype
Genotype
Dominant
A letter to describe a trait
Physical characteristic
2 alleles
TT homozygous
Allele
A letter to describe a trait
Phenotype
Physical characteristic
Mendel
Fertilization
True-Breeding
Gene
Hybrid
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote... A new organism beg…
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Section of DNA that determines trait
An animal or plant that is produced from two animals or plant…
Fertilization
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote... A new organism beg…
True-Breeding
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
16 terms
Mendel
Heterozygous
Genotype
Allele
First Hypothesis
The paired genes for the trait are not the same (Rr)
The particular combination of genes and organism has (heteroz…
Alternate form of a single gene
Genes with in the plants controlled the traits
Heterozygous
The paired genes for the trait are not the same (Rr)
Genotype
The particular combination of genes and organism has (heteroz…
Mendel
The pea plants were advantageous for m…
Mendel's law of segregation
incomplete dominance
codominance
easily categorized traits
each of 2 alleles for a given trait segregate into different…
phenotype of a heterozygote appears to be an intermediate ble…
a heterozygote has a phenotype that exhibits characteristics…
The pea plants were advantageous for m…
easily categorized traits
Mendel's law of segregation
each of 2 alleles for a given trait segregate into different…
25 terms
MENDEL
Mendel: "the gene is...."
Spontaneous Generation
Preformation
Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics
a unit of heredity
pre-mendelian concept of heredity stating that new life can a…
pre-mendelian concept of heredity stating that the egg or spe…
pre-mendelian concept of heredity stating that characteristic…
Mendel: "the gene is...."
a unit of heredity
Spontaneous Generation
pre-mendelian concept of heredity stating that new life can a…
11 terms
Mendel
homozygous
heterozygous
phenotype
genotype
a gene has two alleles that are the same
a gene that has two different alleles
the physical appearance of an organism
genetic constitution
homozygous
a gene has two alleles that are the same
heterozygous
a gene that has two different alleles
11 terms
Mendel
particulate... mechanism of... inheritance
True Breeding
Monohybrid cross
Genes
"discrete... particles"... now known... as genes
When self-fertilization... always produces same... offspring
a... cross to study only 2... variations of a single trait
Molecular unit of inheritance
particulate... mechanism of... inheritance
"discrete... particles"... now known... as genes
True Breeding
When self-fertilization... always produces same... offspring
10 terms
Mendel
epistasis
character
trait
pleiotropic
expression of one gene affects another gene
heritable feature that varies among individuals
variant for a character
single gene has multiple effects
epistasis
expression of one gene affects another gene
character
heritable feature that varies among individuals
31 terms
Mendel
blending theory of inheritance
character
trait
phenotype
what people used to think
specific inheritable property
or character difference... alternate forms of a character
forms taken by character
blending theory of inheritance
what people used to think
character
specific inheritable property
16 terms
Mendel
Gene
Allele
Locus
Genotype
Are arranged in linear order along microscopic bodies called…
Alternate form of genes
specific location or position of a gene
pair of alleles present at a given locus
Gene
Are arranged in linear order along microscopic bodies called…
Allele
Alternate form of genes
Mendel
Genetics
Gene
Allele
Trait
the study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
One of a number of different forms of a gene
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Genetics
the study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
Gene
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
17 terms
Mendel
alleles
blending inheritance hypothesis
dihybrid cross
dominant
different version of a gene
the hypothesis that offspring were a "mix" of their parents
a cross in which the inheritance of 2 characteristics are tra…
the allele that is expressed when 2 separate alleles are inhe…
alleles
different version of a gene
blending inheritance hypothesis
the hypothesis that offspring were a "mix" of their parents
18 terms
mendel
Heredity
Traits
Genetics
Chromosome's
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Characteristics that are inherited
Scientific study of heredity.
22 pairs of somatic chromosomes and 1 pair of sex chromosomes…
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Traits
Characteristics that are inherited
16 terms
MENDEL
genetics
Heredity
trait
gene
the study of heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
a form of your characteristics
a characteristic that controls a trait
genetics
the study of heredity
Heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
30 terms
Mendel
Genetics
trait
heredity
During mendels time, there were 2 hypo…
branch of biology that focuses on inheritance
any characteristic of an indivudal
transmission of traits from parent to offspring
1. blending inheritance... 2. inheritance of acquired characteri…
Genetics
branch of biology that focuses on inheritance
trait
any characteristic of an indivudal
Mendel
geneticsthe
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
study of heredity
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
something that is allowed to self-pollinate and produce offsp…
specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height
geneticsthe
study of heredity
fertilization
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
20 terms
Mendel
heredity
Gregor Mendel
Why use peas plants?
character
the passing of traits of parents to offspring
the father of genetics
1. several characteristics... 2. male and female parts same plan…
inherited characteristics
heredity
the passing of traits of parents to offspring
Gregor Mendel
the father of genetics
11 terms
Mendel
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
each different form of a characteristic
scientific study of heredity
the joining of a sperm cell and an egg cell
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
each different form of a characteristic
7 terms
mendel
law of segregation
testcross
testcross
true breeding
2 copies of each gene. these copies separate randomly during…
always homozygous recessive
to tell genotype
always homozygous
law of segregation
2 copies of each gene. these copies separate randomly during…
testcross
always homozygous recessive
35 terms
Mendel
Homunculus (late 1600s)
Blending hypothesis (1800s)
Mendel
Particulate hypothesis
sperm contained a mini adult
genetic material from the parents mixes or blends into each o…
- look at inheritance quantitatively ... - sound study model (Pe…
parents pass on traits to their offspring by specific region…
Homunculus (late 1600s)
sperm contained a mini adult
Blending hypothesis (1800s)
genetic material from the parents mixes or blends into each o…
22 terms
Mendel
fertilization
trait
hybrids
genes
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
the chemical factors that determine traits
fertilization
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
trait
specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height
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