How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Study sets matching "mendel"

Study sets
Classes
Users

Study sets matching "mendel"

12 terms
mendel
principle of Dominance
dominant allele
segregation
independent assortment
some alleles are dominant and others are recessive
an organism with a dominant allele for a particular form of a…
alleles for a trait segregate, seperate, from each other duri…
allele pairs seperate independently during gamete production
principle of Dominance
some alleles are dominant and others are recessive
dominant allele
an organism with a dominant allele for a particular form of a…
22 terms
Mendel
mendel
true breeding/homozygous
genotype
phenotype
established mechanisms of inheritance
AA or aa
AA or Aa (genetic composition)
physical characteristics
mendel
established mechanisms of inheritance
true breeding/homozygous
AA or aa
17 terms
Mendel
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
Transmission from characteristics from parents to off spring
A characteristic or quality
The science of heredity
When the sperm cell and the egg cell combine
Heredity
Transmission from characteristics from parents to off spring
Trait
A characteristic or quality
13 terms
Mendel
codominance
incomplete dominance
pleiotropy
effect of # genes responsible for trai…
both phenotypes expressed equally (AB blood)
intermediate phenotype - both phenotypes expressed unequally…
one gene affects multiple phenotypic traits... ex: PKU - lack of…
increase in # = increase in variability of expression... ex: hei…
codominance
both phenotypes expressed equally (AB blood)
incomplete dominance
intermediate phenotype - both phenotypes expressed unequally…
19 terms
Mendel
Allele
Anther
Dominant
Fertilization
Genes that exist in alternative forms (different gene forms).
Male part of the flower where sperm (pollen) are produced by…
The trait that appears.
The uniting of male and female gametes.
Allele
Genes that exist in alternative forms (different gene forms).
Anther
Male part of the flower where sperm (pollen) are produced by…
14 terms
Mendel
codominance
multiple alleles
incomplete dominance
pleiotrophy
both phenotypes expressed in heterozygotes
more than just 2 kinds of alleles for a single gene
the heterozygote phenotype is the intermediate between the tw…
one gene is able to effect multiple phenotypic characters
codominance
both phenotypes expressed in heterozygotes
multiple alleles
more than just 2 kinds of alleles for a single gene
23 terms
Mendel
Gregor Mendel
Theory of Inheritance
characteristics of garden peas that ma…
Mendel's 4 postulates - 1
studied garden peas --> discovered modes of inheritance throu…
parents pass on to their offspring discrete genes that retain…
easy to grow, controllable mating mechanisms (self- or cross…
1) genetic expression of a trait controlled by alleles
Gregor Mendel
studied garden peas --> discovered modes of inheritance throu…
Theory of Inheritance
parents pass on to their offspring discrete genes that retain…
17 terms
Mendel
Allele
Dominant
Fertilization
Gametes
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
Observed trait of an organism that masks the recessive trait
Fusion of male and female gamete
Male an female sex cells
Allele
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
Dominant
Observed trait of an organism that masks the recessive trait
21 terms
Mendel
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
hybrids
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
something that is allowed to self-pollinate and produce offsp…
specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
fertilization
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
true-breeding
something that is allowed to self-pollinate and produce offsp…
10 terms
Mendel
True breeders
Phenotype
F1
Gene
(P generation) the organisms that always have the same genotype
The physical appearance of the organism
First filial generation; recessive allele; 1st hybrid
Location ( physical location) for a characteristic/ trait on…
True breeders
(P generation) the organisms that always have the same genotype
Phenotype
The physical appearance of the organism
30 terms
Mendel
Allele
Phenotype
Genotype
Dominant
A letter to describe a trait
Physical characteristic
2 alleles
TT homozygous
Allele
A letter to describe a trait
Phenotype
Physical characteristic
20 terms
Mendel
Fertilization
True-Breeding
Gene
Hybrid
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote... A new organism beg…
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
Section of DNA that determines trait
An animal or plant that is produced from two animals or plant…
Fertilization
Joining of sperm and egg to produce zygote... A new organism beg…
True-Breeding
A term used to describe organisms that produce offspring iden…
16 terms
Mendel
Heterozygous
Genotype
Allele
First Hypothesis
The paired genes for the trait are not the same (Rr)
The particular combination of genes and organism has (heteroz…
Alternate form of a single gene
Genes with in the plants controlled the traits
Heterozygous
The paired genes for the trait are not the same (Rr)
Genotype
The particular combination of genes and organism has (heteroz…
11 terms
Mendel
homozygous
heterozygous
phenotype
genotype
a gene has two alleles that are the same
a gene that has two different alleles
the physical appearance of an organism
genetic constitution
homozygous
a gene has two alleles that are the same
heterozygous
a gene that has two different alleles
11 terms
Mendel
Genetics
Gene
Allele
Chromosome
The study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Threadlike structure containing the DNA that is passed from o…
Genetics
The study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
Gene
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
23 terms
Mendel
Genetics
Gene
Allele
Trait
The study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
One of a number of different forms of a gene
Specific characteristics that varies from one individual to a…
Genetics
The study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
Gene
Sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
12 terms
Mendel
Heterozygous
Traits
Genetics
Heredity
An individual has inherited one of each trait
Are genetic characteristics you have inherited
Is the study of heredity
Is the passing of traits from one generation to the next
Heterozygous
An individual has inherited one of each trait
Traits
Are genetic characteristics you have inherited
8 terms
Mendel
Incomplete dominance
Codominance
Multiple alleles
Polygenic
Cases in which one allele is not completely dominant over ano…
Cases in which both alleles are dominant
Situations in which gene has several different forms
Traits that are produced by the action of several different g…
Incomplete dominance
Cases in which one allele is not completely dominant over ano…
Codominance
Cases in which both alleles are dominant
14 terms
Mendel
Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Garden pea
True-breeding
Study of inheritance
Father of genetics
Produce a large number of offspring in a short period of time
Self-pollinating, produced offspring identical to themselves
Genetics
Study of inheritance
Gregor Mendel
Father of genetics
11 terms
Mendel
particulate... mechanism of... inheritance
True Breeding
Monohybrid cross
Genes
"discrete... particles"... now known... as genes
When self-fertilization... always produces same... offspring
a... cross to study only 2... variations of a single trait
Molecular unit of inheritance
particulate... mechanism of... inheritance
"discrete... particles"... now known... as genes
True Breeding
When self-fertilization... always produces same... offspring
8 terms
Mendel
Dominance and Recessiveness
Unit Characters
Segregation
Independent Assortment
Some traits can hide or mask others (D) and some traits can B…
There are two factors which control every trait (1 from mom 1…
Seperation- the TWO factors are separated when sex cells are…
Every trait is inherited independently
Dominance and Recessiveness
Some traits can hide or mask others (D) and some traits can B…
Unit Characters
There are two factors which control every trait (1 from mom 1…
14 terms
Mendel
Heredity
Trait
Genetics
Fertilization
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
Different form of characteristics
The scientific study of Heredity
The process in which a new organism begins to form when the e…
Heredity
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offsp…
Trait
Different form of characteristics
20 terms
MEndel
trait
true breeding
hybridization
P generation
characteristic, purple or white flower
AA
AA*aa
Parents
trait
characteristic, purple or white flower
true breeding
AA
13 terms
Mendel
heredity
genetics
trait
gamete
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
branch of biology that studies heredity.
characteristic that is inherited; can be either dominant or r…
male and female sex cells; sperm and eggs.
heredity
passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring.
genetics
branch of biology that studies heredity.
20 terms
mendel
heredity
genetics
dominant
recessive
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring
a genetic factor that blocks another genetic factor
a genetic factor that is blocked by the presence of another f…
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
genetics
the study of how traits are passed from parents to offspring
31 terms
Mendel
blending theory of inheritance
character
trait
phenotype
what people used to think
specific inheritable property
or character difference... alternate forms of a character
forms taken by character
blending theory of inheritance
what people used to think
character
specific inheritable property
16 terms
Mendel
Gene
Allele
Locus
Genotype
Are arranged in linear order along microscopic bodies called…
Alternate form of genes
specific location or position of a gene
pair of alleles present at a given locus
Gene
Are arranged in linear order along microscopic bodies called…
Allele
Alternate form of genes
27 terms
Mendel
geneticsthe
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
study of heredity
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
something that is allowed to self-pollinate and produce offsp…
specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height
geneticsthe
study of heredity
fertilization
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
31 terms
Mendel
The pea plants were advantageous for m…
Mendel's law of segregation
incomplete dominance
codominance
easily categorized traits
each of 2 alleles for a given trait segregate into different…
phenotype of a heterozygote appears to be an intermediate ble…
a heterozygote has a phenotype that exhibits characteristics…
The pea plants were advantageous for m…
easily categorized traits
Mendel's law of segregation
each of 2 alleles for a given trait segregate into different…
25 terms
MENDEL
Mendel: "the gene is...."
Spontaneous Generation
Preformation
Inheritance of Acquired Characteristics
a unit of heredity
pre-mendelian concept of heredity stating that new life can a…
pre-mendelian concept of heredity stating that the egg or spe…
pre-mendelian concept of heredity stating that characteristic…
Mendel: "the gene is...."
a unit of heredity
Spontaneous Generation
pre-mendelian concept of heredity stating that new life can a…
42 terms
Mendel
Genetics
Gene
Allele
Trait
the study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
One of a number of different forms of a gene
specific characteristic that varies from one individual to an…
Genetics
the study of gene transfer from parent to offspring
Gene
sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and determines a trait
16 terms
mendel
Who was Mendel?
What organism did Mendel choose? Why?
Alleles (factors)
Homozygous
formulated theory of inheritance
Pea because it was easy to grow, easy to hybridize, self-fert…
Alternative versions of genes that account for variations in…
Has identical alleles
Who was Mendel?
formulated theory of inheritance
What organism did Mendel choose? Why?
Pea because it was easy to grow, easy to hybridize, self-fert…
17 terms
Mendel
alleles
blending inheritance hypothesis
dihybrid cross
dominant
different version of a gene
the hypothesis that offspring were a "mix" of their parents
a cross in which the inheritance of 2 characteristics are tra…
the allele that is expressed when 2 separate alleles are inhe…
alleles
different version of a gene
blending inheritance hypothesis
the hypothesis that offspring were a "mix" of their parents
18 terms
mendel
Heredity
Traits
Genetics
Chromosome's
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Characteristics that are inherited
Scientific study of heredity.
22 pairs of somatic chromosomes and 1 pair of sex chromosomes…
Heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
Traits
Characteristics that are inherited
12 terms
Mendel
When?
Where?
Pisum Sativa
Allele
Mid mineteenth century
Czech Republic
A piece of garden pea
One allele for a gene resides on one chromosome... The other res…
When?
Mid mineteenth century
Where?
Czech Republic
16 terms
MENDEL
genetics
Heredity
trait
gene
the study of heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
a form of your characteristics
a characteristic that controls a trait
genetics
the study of heredity
Heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
27 terms
Mendel
geneticsthe
fertilization
true-breeding
trait
study of heredity
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
something that is allowed to self-pollinate and produce offsp…
specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height
geneticsthe
study of heredity
fertilization
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
79 terms
Mendel
What were Mendel's two innovations to…
What is a monohybrid cross?
Define monohybrid
Describe the Law of Dominance
Any change in appearance (phenotype) suggests a change in pro…
A cross between 2 homozygotes for different alleles at the sa…
The offspring of two parents that are homozygotes for alterna…
Interaction of the two alleles results in expression of only…
What were Mendel's two innovations to…
Any change in appearance (phenotype) suggests a change in pro…
What is a monohybrid cross?
A cross between 2 homozygotes for different alleles at the sa…
Mendel
The inheritance of traits
Hybrids
Prevent self-pollination
An allele for tallness from the tall p…
Gregor Mendel used pea plants to study
Offspring that result from crosses between true-breeding pare…
Gregor Mendel removed the male parts from the flowers of some…
When Gregor Mendel crossed a tall plant with a short plant, t…
The inheritance of traits
Gregor Mendel used pea plants to study
Hybrids
Offspring that result from crosses between true-breeding pare…
14 terms
Mendel
Phenotypes
Genotype
Monohybrid
Haploid
Physical appearence formed by genetics and environment
Genetic make up
Inheritance of single trait 3:1-
Contains only one set of complete chromosomes( sperm and ova)…
Phenotypes
Physical appearence formed by genetics and environment
Genotype
Genetic make up
30 terms
Mendel
Genetics
trait
heredity
During mendels time, there were 2 hypo…
branch of biology that focuses on inheritance
any characteristic of an indivudal
transmission of traits from parent to offspring
1. blending inheritance... 2. inheritance of acquired characteri…
Genetics
branch of biology that focuses on inheritance
trait
any characteristic of an indivudal
35 terms
Mendel
Homunculus (late 1600s)
Blending hypothesis (1800s)
Mendel
Particulate hypothesis
sperm contained a mini adult
genetic material from the parents mixes or blends into each o…
- look at inheritance quantitatively ... - sound study model (Pe…
parents pass on traits to their offspring by specific region…
Homunculus (late 1600s)
sperm contained a mini adult
Blending hypothesis (1800s)
genetic material from the parents mixes or blends into each o…
28 terms
MENDEL
CROSS
HYBRID
TRUE-BREEDING
ALLELS
...
OFFSPRING THAT RESULTS FROM THE MATING OF INDIVIDUALS FROM 2…
...
ANY ALTERNATIVE VARIATION OF A GENE THAT MAY PRODUCE DISTINGU…
CROSS
...
HYBRID
OFFSPRING THAT RESULTS FROM THE MATING OF INDIVIDUALS FROM 2…
10 terms
Mendel
Gregor Mendel
Mendel's experiments
Mendel's results
Why he chose pea plants
Father of genetics... Found patterns of inheritance... Used pea pla…
Mendel was the first to perform experiments by correctly appl…
F1 generation to self-fertilized... Result:... F2 was composed of…
They could self fertilize... He could manipulate them... They repro…
Gregor Mendel
Father of genetics... Found patterns of inheritance... Used pea pla…
Mendel's experiments
Mendel was the first to perform experiments by correctly appl…
20 terms
Mendel
heredity
Gregor Mendel
Why use peas plants?
character
the passing of traits of parents to offspring
the father of genetics
1. several characteristics... 2. male and female parts same plan…
inherited characteristics
heredity
the passing of traits of parents to offspring
Gregor Mendel
the father of genetics
11 terms
Mendel
heredity
trait
genetics
fertilization
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
each different form of a characteristic
scientific study of heredity
the joining of a sperm cell and an egg cell
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
trait
each different form of a characteristic
22 terms
Mendel
fertilization
trait
hybrids
genes
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height
offspring of crosses between parents with different traits
the chemical factors that determine traits
fertilization
during sexual reproduction, male and female reproductive cell…
trait
specific characteristic, such as seed color or plant height
16 terms
Mendel
Heredity
Purebred tall plants are crossed with…
F1 offspring are all ___________
F1 offspring are allowed to __________
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Short
tall
Self polinate
Heredity
The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Purebred tall plants are crossed with…
Short
32 terms
Mendel
Heredity
George Mendel
Phenotype
Genotype
Passing of characteristics from parent to offspring through t…
First person to comprehend some of the most basic principles…
Outward apperance of an individual
Genetic Composition
Heredity
Passing of characteristics from parent to offspring through t…
George Mendel
First person to comprehend some of the most basic principles…
94 terms
Mendel
Gene
Alleles
Genotype
Phenotype
A section of DNA that determines a particular trait
Different versions of the same gene
The two specific alleles inherited by an organism for a certa…
The outward appearance of the inherited genotype
Gene
A section of DNA that determines a particular trait
Alleles
Different versions of the same gene
3 of 10