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Study sets matching "mendelian genetics"

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Study sets matching "mendelian genetics"

35 terms
Mendelian & Non-Mendelian Genetics
allele
genotype
phenotype
dominant
one form or version of a gene
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
allele
one form or version of a gene
genotype
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
25 terms
Mendelian & Non-Mendelian Genetics
allele
genotype
phenotype
dominant
one form or version of a gene
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
allele
one form or version of a gene
genotype
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
8 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Genotype
Phenotype
Homozygous Dominant
Homozygous Recessive
Genetic Code, represented with letters Dd
Physical Trait, ex. Brown Hair
Contains two dominant alleles. TT
Contains two recessive alleles. tt
Genotype
Genetic Code, represented with letters Dd
Phenotype
Physical Trait, ex. Brown Hair
34 terms
Mendelian & Non-Mendelian Genetics
allele
genotype
phenotype
dominant
one form or version of a gene
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
allele
one form or version of a gene
genotype
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
14 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
Allele
Gene
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
The science of heredity.
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Functional unit that controls inherited trait expression that…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
Genetics
The science of heredity.
27 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Trait
True-Breeding
hybridization
P Generation
A characteristic that is attributable to a certain genetic se…
Referring to organisms that produce offspring of the same var…
In genetics, the mating, or crossing, of two true-breeding va…
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
Trait
A characteristic that is attributable to a certain genetic se…
True-Breeding
Referring to organisms that produce offspring of the same var…
10 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Punnett Squares
Alleles
Dominant Trait
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
A diagram that can be used to predict the genotype and phenot…
Different forms of the same gene
An observable trait of an organism that masks the recessive f…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
Punnett Squares
A diagram that can be used to predict the genotype and phenot…
26 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Complete Dominance
Monohybrid cross
Multifactorial
Carrier
The situation in which the phenotypes of the heterozygote and…
A cross between two organisms that are heterozygous for the c…
Phenotypic character influenced by multiple genes and environ…
Individual who is heterozygous at a locus for a recessively i…
Complete Dominance
The situation in which the phenotypes of the heterozygote and…
Monohybrid cross
A cross between two organisms that are heterozygous for the c…
12 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Dominant allele
Recessive
allele
heredity
stronger allele - often masks or hides recessive alleles
Weaker allele - often masked if dominant allele is present
version of a gene passed from parent to offspring
passing of traits from parent to offspring
Dominant allele
stronger allele - often masks or hides recessive alleles
Recessive
Weaker allele - often masked if dominant allele is present
45 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Homozygous
Heterozygous
Allele
Dominant allele
Having two identical alleles for a trait
Having two different alleles for a trait
the different forms of a gene.
an allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when th…
Homozygous
Having two identical alleles for a trait
Heterozygous
Having two different alleles for a trait
8 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Genotype
Phenotype
Homozygous Dominant
Homozygous Recessive
Genetic Code, represented with letters Dd
Physical Trait, ex. Brown Hair
Contains two dominant alleles. TT
Contains two recessive alleles. tt
Genotype
Genetic Code, represented with letters Dd
Phenotype
Physical Trait, ex. Brown Hair
32 terms
Mendelian & Non-Mendelian Genetics
allele
genotype
phenotype
dominant
one form or version of a gene
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
allele
one form or version of a gene
genotype
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
26 terms
Mendelian & Non-Mendelian Genetics
allele
genotype
phenotype
dominant
one form or version of a gene
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
allele
one form or version of a gene
genotype
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
34 terms
Mendelian & Non-Mendelian Genetics
allele
genotype
phenotype
dominant
one form or version of a gene
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
allele
one form or version of a gene
genotype
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
Mendelian genetics
chromatid
genes
gametes
somatic cells
one of two identical chromosomal strands into which a chromos…
segments of DNA that code for the basic units of heredity and…
reproductive cells
cells that are not gametes
chromatid
one of two identical chromosomal strands into which a chromos…
genes
segments of DNA that code for the basic units of heredity and…
34 terms
Mendelian & Non-Mendelian Genetics
allele
genotype
phenotype
dominant
one form or version of a gene
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
allele
one form or version of a gene
genotype
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
34 terms
Mendelian & Non-Mendelian Genetics
allele
genotype
phenotype
dominant
one form or version of a gene
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
allele
one form or version of a gene
genotype
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
20 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Genetics
Allele
Dominant
Recessive
The science of heredity.
An alternate form of a single gene
The form of the trait that is expressed in the presence of tw…
The form of the trait that is masked by the dominant allele.
Genetics
The science of heredity.
Allele
An alternate form of a single gene
39 terms
Mendelian Genetics
What is Mendelian Genetics?
What was Mendel ignorant to?
What organism did Mendel work with?
What is the scientific name of the org…
Classical Genetics, aka Transmission genetics dealing with pa…
Mitosis and Meiosis
Green peas, which is not a model organism
Pisum sativum
What is Mendelian Genetics?
Classical Genetics, aka Transmission genetics dealing with pa…
What was Mendel ignorant to?
Mitosis and Meiosis
24 terms
MENDELIAN GENETICS
Gregor Mendel
Gene
Allele
Trait
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
Alternative forms of a gene for each variation of a trait of…
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
18 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Genotype
Phenotype
Homozygous Dominant
Homozygous Recessive
Genetic Code, represented with letters
Physical Trait, ex. Brown Hair
Contains two dominant alleles. TT
Contains two recessive alleles. tt
Genotype
Genetic Code, represented with letters
Phenotype
Physical Trait, ex. Brown Hair
22 terms
Mendelian and Non-Mendelian Genetics
Genetics
Fertilization
Trait
Genotype
the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living…
the action or process of fertilizing an egg, female animal, o…
a specific characteristic of an organism
the genetic makeup of an individual organism
Genetics
the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living…
Fertilization
the action or process of fertilizing an egg, female animal, o…
25 terms
Mendelian Genetics
allele
genotype
phenotype
dominant
one form or version of a gene
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
allele
one form or version of a gene
genotype
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
16 terms
Mendelian Genetics
genetics
allele
dominant
recessive
The study of heredity, the science that studies how character…
Different forms that a single gene may have for a particular…
Describes a trait that covers over, or dominates, another for…
Describes a trait that is covered over, or dominated, by anot…
genetics
The study of heredity, the science that studies how character…
allele
Different forms that a single gene may have for a particular…
12 terms
Mendelian Genetics
alleles
Gregor Mendel
Independent Assortment
dominant
variant versions of a gene (each human has only two copies bu…
an austrian monk who experimented with pea plants in the 19th…
term to describe genes for different traits randomly sorting…
a trait or gene which is expressed even if only one copy is p…
alleles
variant versions of a gene (each human has only two copies bu…
Gregor Mendel
an austrian monk who experimented with pea plants in the 19th…
42 terms
Mendelian Genetics
character
trait
true-breeding
hybridization
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
Each variant of a character.
Organisms that, when reproducing, create offspring of all the…
The crossing of two different true-breeding parents.
character
A heritable feature that varies among individuals.
trait
Each variant of a character.
22 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Genotype
Phenotype
Allele
Mutation
An organisms alleles
An organism's appearance or other detectable characteristic
An alternative form of a gene.
A change in a gene or chromosome. May include addition, delet…
Genotype
An organisms alleles
Phenotype
An organism's appearance or other detectable characteristic
10 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Codominance
Incomplete dominance
Genotype
Phenotype
A condition in which both alleles for a gene are fully expres…
Situation in which one allele is not completely dominant over…
An organism's genetic makeup, or allele combinations.
An organism's physical appearance, or visible traits.
Codominance
A condition in which both alleles for a gene are fully expres…
Incomplete dominance
Situation in which one allele is not completely dominant over…
43 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Genetics
Heredity
Genome
Trait
Branch of biology that studies heredity
The passing of characteristics from... parents to offspring
The complete set of genes or genetic material present in a ce…
Characteristics that are inherited from parents (eye color, h…
Genetics
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Heredity
The passing of characteristics from... parents to offspring
28 terms
Mendelian Genetics
allele
dominant
recessive
homozygous
one form or version of a gene
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
the allele in a genotype that is frequently masked by a secon…
description of a genotype of an individual who has two of the…
allele
one form or version of a gene
dominant
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
25 terms
Mendelian Genetics
allele
genotype
phenotype
dominant
one form or version of a gene
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
an individual's observable traits, such as height, eye color,…
the allele in a genotype that masks the contribution of a sec…
allele
one form or version of a gene
genotype
the two alleles inherited for a particular gene; the genetic…
32 terms
Mendelian Genetics
genetics
heredity
trait
allele
Branch of biology that studies heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
An alternative form of a gene.
genetics
Branch of biology that studies heredity
heredity
Passing of traits from parents to offspring
36 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Trait
True-breeding organism
Hybrid
Cross
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
An organism that produces offspring that are genetically iden…
Offspring of two different true-breeding (species) organisms
The sucessful mating of two organisms from distinct genetic l…
Trait
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
True-breeding organism
An organism that produces offspring that are genetically iden…
16 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Acquired Trait
Inherited Trait
Gene
Variations
A trait that is the result of environmental influences.
A trait that is controlled by genes.
A section of DNA that codes for a protein that makes a trait.
A word that means different forms.
Acquired Trait
A trait that is the result of environmental influences.
Inherited Trait
A trait that is controlled by genes.
20 terms
Mendelian Genetics
gene
allele
homozygous (true breeding)
Heterozygous
piece of DNA that codes for a protein (it builds something)
an alternative form of a gene
having two of the same alleles, example, two genes for brown…
having two different alleles, example, having a gene for brow…
gene
piece of DNA that codes for a protein (it builds something)
allele
an alternative form of a gene
11 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Allele
Chromosome
Crossing-Over
Genetics
one form of a gene (Ex A or a), one of a number of different…
a strand of DNA wrapped around a protein
process in which homologous chromosomes exchange portions of…
scientific study of heredity
Allele
one form of a gene (Ex A or a), one of a number of different…
Chromosome
a strand of DNA wrapped around a protein
25 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Trait
True-Breeding
hybridization
P Generation
A characteristic that is attributable to a certain genetic se…
Referring to organisms that produce offspring of the same var…
In genetics, the mating, or crossing, of two true-breeding va…
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
Trait
A characteristic that is attributable to a certain genetic se…
True-Breeding
Referring to organisms that produce offspring of the same var…
20 terms
Mendelian Genetics+
True Breeding Strain
Monohybrid Cross
*Dihybrid Cross
*Allele
Organism where all traits appear unchanged generation after g…
Experimental mating of two individuals while looking at only…
Experimental mating of 2 individuals while looking at 2 indep…
Alternative forms of a gene which lead to different physical…
True Breeding Strain
Organism where all traits appear unchanged generation after g…
Monohybrid Cross
Experimental mating of two individuals while looking at only…
16 terms
Mendelian Genetics
genetics
allele
dominant
recessive
study of heredity
a trait passed from generation to generation Ex: green or yel…
An allele that is expressed (seen) in an organism's phenotype…
An allele that is masked (hidden) when a dominant allele is p…
genetics
study of heredity
allele
a trait passed from generation to generation Ex: green or yel…
15 terms
Mendelian Genetics
alleles
Gregor Mendel
unit factors
Independent Assortment
variant versions of a gene (each human has only two copies bu…
an austrian monk who experimented with pea plants in the 19th…
Mendels original term for genes
term to describe genes for different traits randomly sorting…
alleles
variant versions of a gene (each human has only two copies bu…
Gregor Mendel
an austrian monk who experimented with pea plants in the 19th…
23 terms
Mendelian Genetics
alleles
autosome
co-dominant alleles
dominant trait
The different forms of a gene. Y and y are different alleles…
Any chromosome that is NOT a sex chromosome.
Two different alleles at a locus are responsible for differen…
A trait expressed in the phenotype if the dominant allele is…
alleles
The different forms of a gene. Y and y are different alleles…
autosome
Any chromosome that is NOT a sex chromosome.
22 terms
Mendelian Genetics
GENE
ALLELE
TRAIT
DOMINANT ALLELE
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
An alternative form of a gene.
A characteristic that an organism can pass on to its offsprin…
an allele that has the same effect on the phenotype whether i…
GENE
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific tr…
ALLELE
An alternative form of a gene.
28 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Pedigree
Punnett square
What are the genetic causes of disease?
autosomal recessive (AR) pedigree
diagram of a family history, showing the family members, thei…
schematize the possible outcomes of matings for a gene in que…
o Deleterious mutations of a single gene in the nucleus ... o De…
disease is expressed only in one generation, in one sibship,…
Pedigree
diagram of a family history, showing the family members, thei…
Punnett square
schematize the possible outcomes of matings for a gene in que…
15 terms
Mendelian Genetics
gene
allele
homozygous
heterozygous
segment of DNA that provides instructions to build proteins.
alternative form of a trait.
two of the same alleles found on a chromosome.
two different alleles found on a chromosome.
gene
segment of DNA that provides instructions to build proteins.
allele
alternative form of a trait.
31 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Trait
True-Breeding
hybridization
P Generation
A characteristic that is attributable to a certain genetic se…
Referring to organisms that produce offspring of the same var…
In genetics, the mating, or crossing, of two true-breeding va…
The true-breeding (homozygous) parent individuals from which…
Trait
A characteristic that is attributable to a certain genetic se…
True-Breeding
Referring to organisms that produce offspring of the same var…
Mendelian Genetics
Haploid
Diploid
Gamete
Somatic
1(n) or having 1 set of chromosomes
2(n) or having 2 sets of chromosomes
Haploid cells such as sperm and egg.
Diploid cells and are considered "body cells"
Haploid
1(n) or having 1 set of chromosomes
Diploid
2(n) or having 2 sets of chromosomes
26 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Gregor Mendel
Genetics
Allele
Gene
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
The science of heredity.
Alternative form that a single gene may have for a particular…
Functional unit that controls inherited trait expression that…
Gregor Mendel
Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding g…
Genetics
The science of heredity.
28 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Who was Gregor Mendel?
Example of normal single-trait crosses
Example of dihybrid crosses
Example of co-dominance
He discovered the fundamental laws of inheritance. He deduced…
two alleles of a gene pair in a heterozygote that are both fu…
Who was Gregor Mendel?
He discovered the fundamental laws of inheritance. He deduced…
Example of normal single-trait crosses
15 terms
Mendelian Genetics
Genotype
Phenotype
Heredity
Law of Dominance
the pair of alleles for a trait
the physical expression of a trait
passing of characteristics from parent to offspring
Homozygous dominant traits will always appear in the next gen…
Genotype
the pair of alleles for a trait
Phenotype
the physical expression of a trait
152 terms
Mendelian Genetics
What was the Greek philosopher Hippocr…
Who is the 'father of genetics' ?
When did Gregor Mendel publish his pap…
What did C.Darwin publish Origin of th…
400BC, he proposes that tiny particles from every part of the…
Gregor Mendel... 1822-1884... Austrian Monk
1865
1859
What was the Greek philosopher Hippocr…
400BC, he proposes that tiny particles from every part of the…
Who is the 'father of genetics' ?
Gregor Mendel... 1822-1884... Austrian Monk
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