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Study sets matching "metabolism 5"

37 terms
Metabolism (5)
Metabolism (Biotransformation)
Biotransformation
Inactivation, Facilitating Excretion
Hydrophilic
Enzymatic modification or inactivation of endogenous signalin…
What word is used interchangeably with Metabolism?
What is the biological significance of Metabolism/Biotransfor…
What type of drugs are eliminated unchanged via the urine?
Metabolism (Biotransformation)
Enzymatic modification or inactivation of endogenous signalin…
Biotransformation
What word is used interchangeably with Metabolism?
58 terms
(5) Metabolism
Fementation
4 types of chemical reactions
Metabolism
Anabolism
-signifigant to bacterial organisms... -cows have a lot of bacte…
-metabolism... -anabolism... -oxidation... -reduction
-the sum of all chemical reactions in an organism... -cellular r…
-building molecules like muscles... -energy is needed
Fementation
-signifigant to bacterial organisms... -cows have a lot of bacte…
4 types of chemical reactions
-metabolism... -anabolism... -oxidation... -reduction
46 terms
Metabolism 5
Thiamin (B1)
Ribolavin (B2)
Niacin (B3)
Pantothenic acid
-energy transformation... -conversion of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA…
-dehydrogenase reactions... -component of FAD... -reactions: acyl-C…
-energy production (esp. mitochondrial metabolism) ... -componen…
-component of coenzyme A (synthesis and oxidation of fatty ac…
Thiamin (B1)
-energy transformation... -conversion of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA…
Ribolavin (B2)
-dehydrogenase reactions... -component of FAD... -reactions: acyl-C…
26 terms
Ch 5 Microbial Metabolism
d. oxidation of glucose.
c. It is oxidized in the Krebs cycle
a. Oxygen
e. competition with the substrate for…
Energy is released during a cell's:... a. oxidation of oxygen…
What is the fate of pyruvic acid in an organism that uses aer…
In prokaryotes, which of the following is not essential for g…
Competitive inhibition of enzyme action involves ________.…
d. oxidation of glucose.
Energy is released during a cell's:... a. oxidation of oxygen…
c. It is oxidized in the Krebs cycle
What is the fate of pyruvic acid in an organism that uses aer…
20 terms
Metabolism (2.5)
Catabolism
Anabolism
Energy
Kinetic E
This refers to the breaking down of a molecule.
This is the assembly of molecules.
Has the ability to facilitate transformation
This is the energy of movemen
Catabolism
This refers to the breaking down of a molecule.
Anabolism
This is the assembly of molecules.
18 terms
chapter 5 Metabolism/metabolic pathway
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Catalyze
the sume of all chemical reactions within a living organism
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
Metabolic pathways that break down molecules, releasing energy.
substances that can speed up a chemical reaction without bein…
Metabolism
the sume of all chemical reactions within a living organism
Anabolism
Metabolic pathways that construct molecules, requiring energy.
5)carbohydrate metabolism
carbohydrate metabolism
Energy currency of the cell?
Glucose breakdown
1 glucose molecule =
generates ATP by breakdown of carbohydrates(digestion)
ATP
Occurs in small steps which release energy to convert ADP to…
36 ATP
carbohydrate metabolism
generates ATP by breakdown of carbohydrates(digestion)
Energy currency of the cell?
ATP
31 terms
Metabolism 5 - Glycogen and Glycogen Metabolism
Glycogen is composed of glycosyl resid…
True or False. The liver stores about…
True or False. Muscle glycogen is used…
Muscle can store about ___g of glycoge…
alpha-1,4-glycosidic linkage and alpha-1,6-glycosidic linkage
True
False - muscle glycogen is mobilized during exercise. Because…
400g
Glycogen is composed of glycosyl resid…
alpha-1,4-glycosidic linkage and alpha-1,6-glycosidic linkage
True or False. The liver stores about…
True
26 terms
Ch 5 Microbial Metabolism
d. oxidation of glucose.
c. It is oxidized in the Krebs cycle
a. Oxygen
e. competition with the substrate for…
Energy is released during a cell's:... a. oxidation of oxygen…
What is the fate of pyruvic acid in an organism that uses aer…
In prokaryotes, which of the following is not essential for g…
Competitive inhibition of enzyme action involves ________.…
d. oxidation of glucose.
Energy is released during a cell's:... a. oxidation of oxygen…
c. It is oxidized in the Krebs cycle
What is the fate of pyruvic acid in an organism that uses aer…
38 terms
W5 Calcium metabolism
where is calcium stored?
why do we need calcium?
what are the main cells of the bone?
what do osteoblasts produce?
99% bones/ teeth... 1% blood
- bone structure... - neuronal comm... - muscle contr... - blood clott…
- osteoblasts: deposition of bone/ minerals, immature bone ce…
organic matter mostly collagen, these fibres harden after bei…
where is calcium stored?
99% bones/ teeth... 1% blood
why do we need calcium?
- bone structure... - neuronal comm... - muscle contr... - blood clott…
60 terms
Microbiology Ch. 5: Microbial Metabolism
Define metabolism
Define catabolism
Define anabolism
The energy of ____________ reactions i…
The sum of all chemical reactions within a living organism
BREAKDOWN; The chemical reactions that result in the breakdow…
BUILDUP; The chemical reactions in which simpler substances a…
catabolic; anabolic
Define metabolism
The sum of all chemical reactions within a living organism
Define catabolism
BREAKDOWN; The chemical reactions that result in the breakdow…
34 terms
Ch. 5- Metabolism
Glycolysis ... 1) # ATP used?... 2) # ATP ma…
Location of Glycolysis
Location of Photosynthesis
Location of Fermentation
1) Two (2)... 2) Four (4)
- Cytoplasm
- inside plant cells in small things called chloroplasts. Chl…
- cytoplasm
Glycolysis ... 1) # ATP used?... 2) # ATP ma…
1) Two (2)... 2) Four (4)
Location of Glycolysis
- Cytoplasm
22 terms
5 METABOLIC
Inherited metabolic disorder
Metabolic Alkalosis
Metabolic Acidosis
Metabolic Alkalosis vs acidosis... 1) ___…
1) PKU - elevated phenylaline, infants ID... 2) Tay-sachs dz = a…
bicarbinate accumulation/loss of acids... associated with VOMIT…
associated with RENAL FAILURE, lactic acidosis, starvation, d…
1) alkalosis = hypokalemia; acidosis = hyperkalemia... 2) alkalo…
Inherited metabolic disorder
1) PKU - elevated phenylaline, infants ID... 2) Tay-sachs dz = a…
Metabolic Alkalosis
bicarbinate accumulation/loss of acids... associated with VOMIT…
53 terms
Wk 5- Nucleotide Metabolism
Name the purines and pyrimidines
To which phase in the cell cycle is de…
What is the parent purine? To what two…
T/F: de novo purine synthesis involves…
Purines: ... A, G, hypoxanthine... Pyrimidines: ... C, T, U
S- phase
Parent = IMP ... Converted to AMP and GMP
false - de novo synth involves building a two-ring structure…
Name the purines and pyrimidines
Purines: ... A, G, hypoxanthine... Pyrimidines: ... C, T, U
To which phase in the cell cycle is de…
S- phase
Topic 5: Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathway
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
totality of an organism's chemical reactions
specific molecule, which is then altered in a series of steps…
complex molecules to simpler compounds... ex. Cellular Respirati…
Simple compounds to complex compounds... ex. Synthesis of protei…
Metabolism
totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Metabolic Pathway
specific molecule, which is then altered in a series of steps…
23 terms
Module 5: Metabolism
Complex carbohydrates are absorbed:... a…
The result of lipase activity in diges…
The transport of lipids in the lymph i…
The emulsification of lipids requires…
as they are converted to glucose and simple sugars.
monoacylgycerol and two free fatty acids.
chylomicrons.
bile salts
Complex carbohydrates are absorbed:... a…
as they are converted to glucose and simple sugars.
The result of lipase activity in diges…
monoacylgycerol and two free fatty acids.
43 terms
Ch. 5 Microbial Metabolism
Microbial Metabolism
Basic Chemical Reactions... -Metabolism=…
Oxidation-reduction reactions
Oxidation cont...... -An electron accepto…
-A collection of controlled biochemical reactions that take p…
-Catabolic pathways release energy- exergonic... -Some released…
-Also known as redox reactions... - A metabolism reaction that i…
OILRIG... Oxidation involves loss; reduction involves gain... -Thes…
Microbial Metabolism
-A collection of controlled biochemical reactions that take p…
Basic Chemical Reactions... -Metabolism=…
-Catabolic pathways release energy- exergonic... -Some released…
38 terms
Biochem metabolism 3.5
What shuttle does fatty acid synthesis…
mitochondria, cytosol, cytosol, mitoch…
Systemic 1 creatinine deficiency
medium chain acyl -coA dehydrogenase
citrate, carnitine (systrate-synthesis, CARnitine-carnage of…
Fatty acid synthesis involves tranport of citrate from ___ to…
inherited defect in transport of LCFAs into the mitochondriat…
bility to break down fatty acids into acetyl-CoAaccumulation…
What shuttle does fatty acid synthesis…
citrate, carnitine (systrate-synthesis, CARnitine-carnage of…
mitochondria, cytosol, cytosol, mitoch…
Fatty acid synthesis involves tranport of citrate from ___ to…
15 terms
1.5 - Nitrogen Metabolism
bacteria in the large intestine
muscle metabolism
glutamine
ammonium
most waste ammonia comes from...
most alanine comes from...
name this compound
name this compound
bacteria in the large intestine
most waste ammonia comes from...
muscle metabolism
most alanine comes from...
20 terms
Microbio Ch. 5 (Metabolism)
Oxidation
Reduction
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NAD+)
Phosphorylation
Removal of (e-)
Gain (e-)
Converts to NADH
addition of a phosphate group (Pi)
Oxidation
Removal of (e-)
Reduction
Gain (e-)
5 terms
5 steps of metabolism
obtain nutrition
Digestion
respiration
synthesis
eat food
breaking down the food
breathing
building and repairing cells
obtain nutrition
eat food
Digestion
breaking down the food
24 terms
Ch. 5 Metabolism
metabolism
4 types of metabolism
chemoautotrophs
photoautotrophs
sum of all chemical reactions in an organism
chemoautotrophs ... photoautotrophs... chemoheterotrophs... photoheter…
use inorganic compounds to produce energy... - found in the bott…
photosynthesize to produce energy... - cyanobacteria... ex: plants,…
metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions in an organism
4 types of metabolism
chemoautotrophs ... photoautotrophs... chemoheterotrophs... photoheter…
46 terms
Ch. 5 -- Microbial Metabolism
Metabolism
Enzymes
Catabolic
Anabolic
The buildup + breakdown of nutrients within a cell; these che…
Catalyze reactions for specific molecules called substrates
Pathways break down macromolecules into simple component part…
Pathways build up macromolecules by combining simpler molecul…
Metabolism
The buildup + breakdown of nutrients within a cell; these che…
Enzymes
Catalyze reactions for specific molecules called substrates
76 terms
Ch. 5 Microbial metabolism
metabolism
autotrophs
heterotrophs
catabolism
the sum of all the chemical processes carried out by living…
-"Self feeders"... -use carbon dioxide (inorganic substance) a…
-use carbon from ready-made organic molecules... -known as "ot…
-breaks down chemical bonds... -release energy
metabolism
the sum of all the chemical processes carried out by living…
autotrophs
-"Self feeders"... -use carbon dioxide (inorganic substance) a…
Metabolism 5 - Glycogen
• Identify the two tissues with the hi…
Describe the different roles of muscle…
Predict the impact of impaired hepatic…
• Predict the impact of impaired muscl…
Liver... Muscle
Liver glycogen is stored and converted to glucose as needed d…
Hypoglycemia since muscle doesn't directly contribute to bloo…
No change in blood glucose but impaired exercise tolerance.
• Identify the two tissues with the hi…
Liver... Muscle
Describe the different roles of muscle…
Liver glycogen is stored and converted to glucose as needed d…
89 terms
CH. 5: Microbial Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
collision theory
the sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism
Process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form si…
The process that synthesizes a complex molecule from simpler…
For a reaction to occur, the particles must collide, they mus…
metabolism
the sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism
catabolism
Process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form si…
74 terms
biochem 5 AA metabolism
body and excess AA
determines the extent that a particula…
essential AA
conditionally essential AA
doesn't store
amount of protein consumed... amount of AA present... amount of eac…
phe... val... thr... trp... ile... met... leu... lys
arg... gln... gly... pro... tyr... His
body and excess AA
doesn't store
determines the extent that a particula…
amount of protein consumed... amount of AA present... amount of eac…
52 terms
Ch. 5 - Microbial Metabolism
Flagellum
Peritrichous
Monotrichous / Single Polar
Tuft / Lophotricus
-Thin, long appendage made up of protein... -Used for swimming
-Having many flagellar arrangements (uniformly distributed)
-Having a single flagellum at only one pole or end... -Used of c…
-Several flagella can extend from one end or both ends of the…
Flagellum
-Thin, long appendage made up of protein... -Used for swimming
Peritrichous
-Having many flagellar arrangements (uniformly distributed)
67 terms
Chap. 5 Microbial Metabolism
Metabolism:
Metabolic Pathways:
metabolic pathways:
Types of Energy Exchanges
sum total of all energy exchanges that occur in cells
sequence of steps... each step catalyzed by an enzyme... Create Int…
anabolism and catabolism... Anabolism and Anabolic Pathways "up…
exergonic and endergonic ... Exergonic... Net Release of Free Ener…
Metabolism:
sum total of all energy exchanges that occur in cells
Metabolic Pathways:
sequence of steps... each step catalyzed by an enzyme... Create Int…
27 terms
Ch. 5 : Microbial Metabolism
Metabolism
8 statements about metabolism:
2 major classes of metabolic reactions:
Catabolic reactions
The sum of all chemical reactions in an organism
1. Every cell acquires nutrients for metabolism... 2. Metabolism…
1. Catabolism... 2. Anabolism
-Larger molecules are broken down into smaller products... -Exer…
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical reactions in an organism
8 statements about metabolism:
1. Every cell acquires nutrients for metabolism... 2. Metabolism…
60 terms
Lecture 5: Cell Metabolism
Cellular respiration is a set of _____…
Cellular respiration is an intricate r…
The 2 general classes of reaction are…
Aerobic requires ____ and _____ _____
reactions, ATP
families
aerobic and anaerobic
oxygen and endurance exercise
Cellular respiration is a set of _____…
reactions, ATP
Cellular respiration is an intricate r…
families
33 terms
Lecture #5 Cells+ Metabolism
Cell theory
relative sizes
biology is the science of life
what is a cell?
.all organisms are composed of one or more cells. ex: sexual…
electron microscopes, light microscope, human eye, no microsc…
. basic characteristics of living organisms... - celluar organi…
each cell has a plasma membrane, cytoplasm, and a nucleus
Cell theory
.all organisms are composed of one or more cells. ex: sexual…
relative sizes
electron microscopes, light microscope, human eye, no microsc…
64 terms
Week 5: Glycogen Metabolism
Glycogen
Glycogen is stored primarily in the
Fed state in the liver
Basal State in the liver
high molecular weight, branched polymer of glucose... storage ve…
liver and skeletal muscle cells
Liver is absorbing glucose ---> to make glycogen... glycogenesis…
the liver hydrolyzes glycogen to release glucose that can be…
Glycogen
high molecular weight, branched polymer of glucose... storage ve…
Glycogen is stored primarily in the
liver and skeletal muscle cells
10 terms
6.5 metabolism
Why is regulation necessary?
Allosteric regulators
allosteric regulation
allosteric enzymes
chemical chaos would ensue bc all cell's metabolic pathways a…
molecules tht naturally regulate enzyme activity in a cell... -b…
describes any case in which a protein's fx @ one site is affe…
most allosterically regulated enzymes are constructed from 2/…
Why is regulation necessary?
chemical chaos would ensue bc all cell's metabolic pathways a…
Allosteric regulators
molecules tht naturally regulate enzyme activity in a cell... -b…
13 terms
Ch. 5 Metabolism and Energetics
Why is it important to study microbial…
Potential Energy
Kinetic Energy
Catabolism
...
...
...
Breaking down, energy lost as heat (exergonic)
Why is it important to study microbial…
...
Potential Energy
...
10 terms
D.5 Hormones and metabolism
Anterior pituitary gland
Endocrine glands
Exocrine glands
Oxytocin
the front portion of the pituitary that secrets hormones that…
glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, h…
glands that releases its secretions through a duct, such as a…
a peptide hormone, released from the posterior lobe of the pi…
Anterior pituitary gland
the front portion of the pituitary that secrets hormones that…
Endocrine glands
glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, h…
70 terms
Ch. 5 Microbial Metabolism
Collision theory
Activation energy
Reaction rate
What are some ways to increase the rea…
The principle that chemical reactions occur be because energy…
The minimum collision energy required for a chemical reaction…
Frequency of collisions containing sufficient energy to bring…
Raise the temperature... Increase the pressure... Enzymes ... optimum pH
Collision theory
The principle that chemical reactions occur be because energy…
Activation energy
The minimum collision energy required for a chemical reaction…
21 terms
Microbiology: Chapter 5: Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism (degradative)
Anabolism (biosynthetic)
how ATP is made
The sum of all chemical reactions within a living organism…
provide building blocks for anabolic reactions and furnish th…
generate the materials for cell growth... The building of compl…
(3 ways)... o Substrate-level Phosphorylation... o Oxidative Phosph…
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical reactions within a living organism…
Catabolism (degradative)
provide building blocks for anabolic reactions and furnish th…
20 terms
Chapter 5: Energy and Metabolism
Endergonic-
Exergonic-
Activation Energy-
Catalyst-
A chemical reaction in which energy is absorbed.
A chemical reaction in which energy is released.
The minimum amount of energy needed for a chemical reaction t…
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction wi…
Endergonic-
A chemical reaction in which energy is absorbed.
Exergonic-
A chemical reaction in which energy is released.
20 terms
Chapter 5-Microbial Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic Strategies
Metabolic Strategies of Life on Earth
Metabolism Cycle
-Def: all the chemical reactions within a cell... -deals with h…
Organisms obtain their chemical building blocks (carbon) via:…
All Organisms--->... Chemical <-----Energy Source-----> Light
Catabolism: releases energy by oxidation of molecules ... Anabo…
Metabolism
-Def: all the chemical reactions within a cell... -deals with h…
Metabolic Strategies
Organisms obtain their chemical building blocks (carbon) via:…
15 terms
Chapter 5 Metabolism
Metabolism
Energy
Chemical energy
Heat (thermal energy)
sum of all reactions in cells (for life & to maintain homeost…
capacity to cause change (do work)
stored in chemical bonds
often released in this form when energy transfer occurs
Metabolism
sum of all reactions in cells (for life & to maintain homeost…
Energy
capacity to cause change (do work)
173 terms
Week 5 Energy Metabolism
NAD requires which vitamin?
Deficiency in niacin (B3)?
What fuel source do RBCs use?
What kind of transport does GLUT do?
niacin (B3)... Create NAD from niacin: add ribose P, add AMP fro…
Pellagra
ONLY glucose
glucose by facilitated transport - no energy needed
NAD requires which vitamin?
niacin (B3)... Create NAD from niacin: add ribose P, add AMP fro…
Deficiency in niacin (B3)?
Pellagra
24 terms
set 5 Metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
first law of thermodynamics
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
Metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down compl…
Metabolic pathways that consume energy to build complicated m…
Energy can be transferred and transformed, but it cannot be c…
metabolic pathway
Begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
catabolic pathways
Metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down compl…
8 terms
CHO Metabolism 1-5
5 Basic Pathways of Metabolism
Glycolysis
Gluconeogenesis
Glycogenesis
-Glycolysis... -Gluconeogenesis... -Glycogenesis... -Glycogenolysis... -P…
Breakdown of glucose to pyruvate
Synthesis of glucose from glucose-6-phosphate (glucogenic ami…
Synthesis of glycogen from glucose
5 Basic Pathways of Metabolism
-Glycolysis... -Gluconeogenesis... -Glycogenesis... -Glycogenolysis... -P…
Glycolysis
Breakdown of glucose to pyruvate
55 terms
Chapter 5 - Metabolism
Lactobacillus spp.
Metabolism
Cell's chemical work
Cell's transport work
"Lactid acid bacteria", common in normal human flora and prob…
The buildup and breakdown of nutrients within a cell in many…
Make and break chemical bonds (ex: make DNA and proteins)
Move molecules across concentration gradients
Lactobacillus spp.
"Lactid acid bacteria", common in normal human flora and prob…
Metabolism
The buildup and breakdown of nutrients within a cell in many…
54 terms
5 and 6: metabolism
metabolism
catabolsim
anabolism
main pathways
-all chemical reactions that occur in an organism... -metabolic…
-breakdown of organic substrates... -Exergonic... -Energy yielding
-synthesis of new organic molecules... -endergonic... -energy requi…
-triglycerides --> fatty acids --> acetyl-CoA --> citric acid…
metabolism
-all chemical reactions that occur in an organism... -metabolic…
catabolsim
-breakdown of organic substrates... -Exergonic... -Energy yielding
41 terms
Chapter 5: Microbial Metabolism
C) Coenzyme A
C) NAD+
B) Photoautotroph — CO2
A) It involves glycolysis only.
Which of the following compounds is NOT an enzyme? ... A) Dehydr…
Which compound is being reduced in the reaction shown in Figu…
Which organism is NOT correctly matched to its energy source?…
Which of the following statements about anaerobic respiration…
C) Coenzyme A
Which of the following compounds is NOT an enzyme? ... A) Dehydr…
C) NAD+
Which compound is being reduced in the reaction shown in Figu…
26 terms
Ch 5 Microbial Metabolism
d. oxidation of glucose.
c. It is oxidized in the Krebs cycle
a. Oxygen
e. competition with the substrate for…
Energy is released during a cell's:... a. oxidation of oxygen…
What is the fate of pyruvic acid in an organism that uses aer…
In prokaryotes, which of the following is not essential for g…
Competitive inhibition of enzyme action involves ________.…
d. oxidation of glucose.
Energy is released during a cell's:... a. oxidation of oxygen…
c. It is oxidized in the Krebs cycle
What is the fate of pyruvic acid in an organism that uses aer…
55 terms
Chapter 5 (Metabolism)
pyrimidines
aldose
cytosine
ketose
thymine and cytosine... nitrogenous bases made of one ring (thym…
If a carbohydrate has a terminal group Carbonyl what is it ca…
A component of nucleic acids that carries hereditary informat…
Ketone sugars. Carbonyl group is at the middle of the carbon…
pyrimidines
thymine and cytosine... nitrogenous bases made of one ring (thym…
aldose
If a carbohydrate has a terminal group Carbonyl what is it ca…
10 terms
MCB Metabolism: 5.3
Folic acid form in the diet
Tetrahydrofolate
Function of Tetrahydrofolate
Role of N5-methylH4folate
Poly-glutamate
The form of folic acid that we use in our bodies: remove all…
The N5 and/or N10 carry a one carbon unit-in varying oxidatio…
Recycles S-adenosyl methionine: homocysteine to methionine by…
Folic acid form in the diet
Poly-glutamate
Tetrahydrofolate
The form of folic acid that we use in our bodies: remove all…
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