Study sets matching "metabolism chapter 6"

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Study sets matching "metabolism chapter 6"

Chapter 6 Metabolism
endergonic
exergonic
active site
allosteric site
a chemical reaction that stores energy. (products have more e…
a chemical reaction that releases energy. (products have less…
the groove on the enzyme where the substrate fits.
the area on an enzyme that can influence the shape of the enz…
endergonic
a chemical reaction that stores energy. (products have more e…
exergonic
a chemical reaction that releases energy. (products have less…
25 terms
Chapter 6: Energy & Metabolism
Thermodynamics
Energy exists in 2 states: __________…
A boulder on top of a hilltop is an ex…
The unit of heat most commonly employe…
Branch of chemistry concerned with energy changes
Energy exists in 2 states: ___KINETIC energy or the energy of…
POTENTIAL ENERGY (FROM GRAVITY)
The unit of heat most commonly employed in biology is the __K…
Thermodynamics
Branch of chemistry concerned with energy changes
Energy exists in 2 states: __________…
Energy exists in 2 states: ___KINETIC energy or the energy of…
61 terms
Chapter 6-Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolic
Anabolic
Enzyme
All of the chemical reactions in a cell that either release e…
Break apart large molecules to release energy from them.
Consume energy to build large molecules from smaller ones.
Proteins that act as a catalyst, speeding up a cells metaboli…
Metabolism
All of the chemical reactions in a cell that either release e…
Catabolic
Break apart large molecules to release energy from them.
16 terms
CHAPTER 6: Metabolism
kinetic energy
Potential energy
Chemical energy
Reactant
is the energy of motion (ex. the movement of muscle and the m…
is stored energy; its capacity to accomplish work is not bein…
it contains energy in the chemical bonds of organic molecules…
the starting materials of chemical reactions/ substance that…
kinetic energy
is the energy of motion (ex. the movement of muscle and the m…
Potential energy
is stored energy; its capacity to accomplish work is not bein…
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Bioenergenetics
metabolism
anabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
study of energy flowing through living systems
all the chemical reactions that take place inside cells, incl…
pathways that require an input of energy to synthesize comple…
pathways in which complex molecules are broken down into simp…
Bioenergenetics
study of energy flowing through living systems
metabolism
all the chemical reactions that take place inside cells, incl…
29 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Energy
Chemical transformation
Energy transformation
Kinetic energy
- The capacity to do work, a force operating on an object ove…
Chemical reactions involving the breaking and forming of cova…
- Conversion of energy from one form to another... - Energy can…
The relative motion of objects
Energy
- The capacity to do work, a force operating on an object ove…
Chemical transformation
Chemical reactions involving the breaking and forming of cova…
24 terms
Chapter 6 Metabolism
Bioenergetics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
flow of energy through living systems, such as your cells.
chemical reactions that occur inside a cell .
-Requires energy from the sun to make sugar from CO2 and H2O.…
Breaks down sugar to release energy to make ATP
Bioenergetics
flow of energy through living systems, such as your cells.
Metabolism
chemical reactions that occur inside a cell .
48 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Where do organisms get food?
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Metabolism
Heterotrophs & Autotrophs
Like us, eat it
Make food in photosynthesis [plants, some bacteria, some prot…
All the chemical reactions in the cell
Where do organisms get food?
Heterotrophs & Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Like us, eat it
31 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Define metabolism. Draw an example of…
Metabolic pathway that builds things u…
Metabolic pathway that breaks things d…
__________ is the capacity to cause ch…
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions an emergent p…
Anabolic
Catabolic
Energy
Define metabolism. Draw an example of…
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions an emergent p…
Metabolic pathway that builds things u…
Anabolic
77 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Define metabolism:
Molecule that cells use for immediate…
Chemical energy is also stored in:
Kinetic energy:
all the chemical reactions necessary to transfer/store energy…
ATP
glucose, starch (plants), glycogen (animals)
energy of movement... energy in motion... (transport, muscle contra…
Define metabolism:
all the chemical reactions necessary to transfer/store energy…
Molecule that cells use for immediate…
ATP
30 terms
Bio Chapter 6 Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
Hydrocarbon bond
Anabolism
Totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Release of energy through the breakdown of complex molecules…
Electrons are shared by carbon and hydrogen, a lot of potenti…
Consume energy to build complex macromolecules
Metabolism
Totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Catabolism
Release of energy through the breakdown of complex molecules…
40 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
What is the Metabolism?
What catalyzes the metabolism?
Metabolic Pathway
What is the formula for metabolism?
all the chemical reactions taking place in an organism
Enzyme
anabolic reactions + catabolic reactions
What is the Metabolism?
all the chemical reactions taking place in an organism
What catalyzes the metabolism?
Enzyme
131 terms
Microbial metabolism (Chapter 6)
Catabolism
Anabolism
ATP
Enzymes
Breakdown - providing building blocks and energy for anabol…
Build-up
Energy for chemical reactions along with enzyme aid
Allows for series of reactions > output of one reaction is us…
Catabolism
Breakdown - providing building blocks and energy for anabol…
Anabolism
Build-up
24 terms
Chapter 6: Microbial Metabolism
Physical Requirements (Growth)
Chemical Requirements (Growth)
Temperature
Minimum Growth Temperature (MGT)
Ph, temperature and Osmotic Pressure
Carbon and Oxygen
Affects the growth of the organism
The lowest temperature which the organism can grow
Physical Requirements (Growth)
Ph, temperature and Osmotic Pressure
Chemical Requirements (Growth)
Carbon and Oxygen
37 terms
HHB Chapter 6 - Metabolism
enzyme induction
Cell metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolism
The process of switching on a gene only when the enzyme that…
The sum of all biochemical reactions within a living cell
The biochemical steps upon which life depends. Consists of se…
the breakdown of complex molecules to simpler ones, usually r…
enzyme induction
The process of switching on a gene only when the enzyme that…
Cell metabolism
The sum of all biochemical reactions within a living cell
31 terms
Chapter 6- Cellular Metabolism
metabolism
anabolic metabolism
dehydration synthesis
catabolic metabolism
all the chemical reactions that occur within cells
all of the constrictive processes used to manufacture substan…
the taking away of a water molecule to unite or bond two mole…
processes by which larger molecules are broken down into smal…
metabolism
all the chemical reactions that occur within cells
anabolic metabolism
all of the constrictive processes used to manufacture substan…
Chapter 6 Energy & Metabolism
Enzymes
Active Site
Substrate
Active Site & Substrate
-Kind of protein... -Perform work... -Speed up cell's chemical reac…
-The place where the specific substrate binds... -Very specific…
-Whatever molecule the enzyme works on... -Very specific shapes
-Example: Lock & Key... -Lock: Active Site... -Key: Substrate
Enzymes
-Kind of protein... -Perform work... -Speed up cell's chemical reac…
Active Site
-The place where the specific substrate binds... -Very specific…
49 terms
Chapter 6: Intro to Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
anabolism
energy
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones "…
1. capacity to cause change; ability to rearrange a collectio…
Metabolism
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
Catabolism
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
49 terms
Chapter 6: Intro to Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
anabolism
energy
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones "…
1. capacity to cause change; ability to rearrange a collectio…
Metabolism
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
Catabolism
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
49 terms
Chapter 6: Intro to Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
anabolism
energy
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones "…
1. capacity to cause change; ability to rearrange a collectio…
Metabolism
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
Catabolism
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
28 terms
Chapter 6 Intro to Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathways
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
all the chemical reactions that occur in a cell
start with a particular molecule that is turned into a produc…
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
consume energy to build complicated molecules from simpler on…
Metabolism
all the chemical reactions that occur in a cell
Metabolic Pathways
start with a particular molecule that is turned into a produc…
131 terms
Microbial Metabolism, Microbial Metabolism, Chapter 6 Microbiology
Catabolism
Anabolism
ATP
Enzymes
Breakdown - providing building blocks and energy for anabol…
Build-up
Energy for chemical reactions along with enzyme aid
Allows for series of reactions > output of one reaction is us…
Catabolism
Breakdown - providing building blocks and energy for anabol…
Anabolism
Build-up
Chapter 6 - Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
kinetic energy
sum of all chemical reactions
building process
breaking down process
energy in motion
metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions
catabolism
building process
26 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
metabolism
free energy
energy can be transferred but never created or destroyed
entropy, energy can't be changed from one form to anther with…
sum of all chemical reactions within a cell that modifies a m…
amount of energy left to do work after a chemical reaction ha…
1st law of thermodynamics
energy can be transferred but never created or destroyed
2nd law of thermodynamics
entropy, energy can't be changed from one form to anther with…
chapter 6 Metabolism
All cells need to accomplish two funda…
Synthesize new parts
Harvest energy
Catabolism
Synthesize... Harvest energy
Cell walls... membranes... ribosomes... nucleic acids
to power reactions and maintain life.... Sum total these is call…
Processes that degrade compounds to release energy.... Cells cap…
All cells need to accomplish two funda…
Synthesize... Harvest energy
Synthesize new parts
Cell walls... membranes... ribosomes... nucleic acids
Chapter 6- Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
The totaily of an organisms chemical reactions. It is an emer…
A specific molecule is altered in a series of definite steps,…
...
...
Metabolism
The totaily of an organisms chemical reactions. It is an emer…
Metabolic pathway
A specific molecule is altered in a series of definite steps,…
22 terms
Chapter 6: Energy and Metabolism
Kinetic vs Potential Energy
The flow of energy
Oxidation vs Reduction
First law of thermodynamics
Kinetic: the energy of motion ... Potential: the energy that is…
...
Oxidation: lose of an electron... Reduction: Gain of an electron
Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can only undergo c…
Kinetic vs Potential Energy
Kinetic: the energy of motion ... Potential: the energy that is…
The flow of energy
...
28 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
activation energy
active site
allosteric inhibition
anabolic
energy necessary for reactions to occur
specific region of the enzyme to which the substrate binds
inhibition by a binding event at a site different from the ac…
pathways that require an input of energy to synthesize comple…
activation energy
energy necessary for reactions to occur
active site
specific region of the enzyme to which the substrate binds
51 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathway
Catabolic
Anabolic
the sum total of all chemical reactions in an organism
begins with a starting molecule which is then altered in a se…
pathways which release energy together when complex molecules…
pathways which requires energy to put together complex molecu…
metabolism
the sum total of all chemical reactions in an organism
metabolic pathway
begins with a starting molecule which is then altered in a se…
Chapter 6-Metabolism
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
Photosynthesis
Metabolism
energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can be changed fro…
energy cannot be changed from one form to another without a l…
energy + 6CO2 + 6H2O -> C6H12O6 + 6O2
the sum of all the chemical reactions that occur in a cell
1st law of thermodynamics
energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can be changed fro…
2nd law of thermodynamics
energy cannot be changed from one form to another without a l…
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Chemical energy
The ability to do work or cause change
Anything moving
Stored energy
Form of potential energy stored in molecules (dependent on bo…
Energy
The ability to do work or cause change
Kinetic energy
Anything moving
51 terms
Chapter 6 Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism (biosynthesis)
Metabolism
Photosynthetic organisms
set of chemical reactions that degrade compounds, releasing t…
set of chemical reactions that cells use to synthesize and as…
sum total of all the catabolic and anabolic reactions
Harvest the energy of sunlight and use it to power the synthe…
Catabolism
set of chemical reactions that degrade compounds, releasing t…
Anabolism (biosynthesis)
set of chemical reactions that cells use to synthesize and as…
34 terms
Chapter 6 Metabolism
Cell:
Organisms:
Tissues:
Organ Systems:
The basic unit of a living organism or within a cell.
Can be single cell or multicellular.
Cells can be organized into tissues.
Are organized into organisms.
Cell:
The basic unit of a living organism or within a cell.
Organisms:
Can be single cell or multicellular.
22 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
activation energy
active site
anabolic
ATP
energy necessary for reactions to occur
specific region of the enzyme to which the substrate binds
pathways that require an input of energy to synthesize comple…
the cell's energy currency
activation energy
energy necessary for reactions to occur
active site
specific region of the enzyme to which the substrate binds
32 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Chemical energy
Mechanical energy
energy of motion
stored energy
energy associated with chemical breakdown of stuff (food)
kinetic energy with motion and position of an object
Kinetic energy
energy of motion
Potential energy
stored energy
Chapter 6 Metabolism
Energy
Laws of Thermodynamics
Chemical Reactions-Catabolic
Chemical Reactions-Anabolic
Kilocalories... -amount of energy required to raise the temp. of…
First law- Energy in universe is always constant, energy can'…
-can be called Exergonic... -energy is released (Product=reactan…
-can be called Endergonic... -energy taken in (Reactants=product…
Energy
Kilocalories... -amount of energy required to raise the temp. of…
Laws of Thermodynamics
First law- Energy in universe is always constant, energy can'…
Chapter 6 Metabolism
bioenergetics
metabolism
metabolic pathway
anabolic
concepts of energy flow through living systems
all chemical reactions that take place inside cells, includin…
series of interconnected biochemical reactions that converted…
pathways require an input of energy to synthesize complex mol…
bioenergetics
concepts of energy flow through living systems
metabolism
all chemical reactions that take place inside cells, includin…
21 terms
Chapter 6 metabolism
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
Cellular metabolism
Kinetic energy
Release energy by breaking down complex molecule (ie. cellula…
Energy stored becomes available to do work in the cell-consum…
Totality of a cells chemical reactions
Energy in movement
Catabolic pathways
Release energy by breaking down complex molecule (ie. cellula…
Anabolic pathways
Energy stored becomes available to do work in the cell-consum…
Chapter 6: Metabolism
activation energy
active site
allosteric inhibition
anabolic
small amount of energy necessary for all reactions to occur
specific site of the enzyme where the substrate binds
inhibition by a binding event at a site different from the ac…
pathway that requires an input of energy to synthesize comple…
activation energy
small amount of energy necessary for all reactions to occur
active site
specific site of the enzyme where the substrate binds
Chapter 6 Energy and Metabolism
Thermodynamics
Energy
Redox Reactions
First Law of Themordynamics
Branch of chemistry concerned with energy changes.... Cells are…
Capacity to do work. Exists in two states... -Kinetic Energy: En…
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions (Redox). Reactions always paire…
- Energy cannot be created or destroyed... - Energy can only cha…
Thermodynamics
Branch of chemistry concerned with energy changes.... Cells are…
Energy
Capacity to do work. Exists in two states... -Kinetic Energy: En…
Chapter 6-Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathways
Enzymes
Catabolic Pathways
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions
The Chemistry of life is organized into...
Route Matter through the metabolic pathways by accelerating t…
metabolic pathways that release energy by breaking down compl…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Metabolic Pathways
The Chemistry of life is organized into...
42 terms
Chapter 6: Energy and Metabolism
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
kilocalories
the capacity to do work
the energy of motion
stored energy
measurement of heat energy
energy
the capacity to do work
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
100 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
All cells need to accomplish two funda…
Sum total of the bodily reactions is c…
Can separate metabolism into two parts:
Catabolism
- Synthesize new parts... - Harvest energy to power reactions
metabolism
catabolism and anabolism
• Processes that degrade compounds to release energy... • Cells…
All cells need to accomplish two funda…
- Synthesize new parts... - Harvest energy to power reactions
Sum total of the bodily reactions is c…
metabolism
19 terms
Chapter6- Metabolism
Metabolism
Phototrophs
Chemotrophs
Autotrophs
The sum of all chemical reactions in a cell/organism
Take energy from sunlight
Take energy from organic molecules
Get carbon from CO2
Metabolism
The sum of all chemical reactions in a cell/organism
Phototrophs
Take energy from sunlight
Chapter 6 Metabolism
Catbolism
Anabolism
Metabolism
Enzymes
Harvesting of energy, breakdown of big molecules to smaller m…
Biosynthesis, small molecules come together to form bigger mo…
Sum total of all catabolic and anabolic reactions
Highly specific biological catalysts, convert a substrate int…
Catbolism
Harvesting of energy, breakdown of big molecules to smaller m…
Anabolism
Biosynthesis, small molecules come together to form bigger mo…
37 terms
Chapter 6 - Metabolism
Energy
Kinetic or Mechanical
Potential or Chemical
Law of Conservation of Energy
The ability to do work or bring about change
Energy of motion
Stored energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed but can be changed from…
Energy
The ability to do work or bring about change
Kinetic or Mechanical
Energy of motion
20 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Conservation of energy
The ability to do work
The energy of movement
stored energy
with no influx of energy, the amount of energy remains constant
Energy
The ability to do work
Kinetic energy
The energy of movement
45 terms
Chapter 6-Metabolism
adenosine triphosphate
anabolism
catabolism
electron transport chain
(ATP) the energy currency of cells. hydrolysis of the bonds b…
processes that synthesize and assemble the subunits of macrom…
processes that harvest energy released during the breakdown o…
group of membrane-embedded electron carriers that pass electr…
adenosine triphosphate
(ATP) the energy currency of cells. hydrolysis of the bonds b…
anabolism
processes that synthesize and assemble the subunits of macrom…
47 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Energy
Potential energy
Kinetic energy
The law of conservation of energy
The ability to do work or bring about change
Stored energy/energy at rest
The energy of motion (chemical, solar, electrical, mechanical…
Energy cannot be created or destroyed but it can be changed f…
Energy
The ability to do work or bring about change
Potential energy
Stored energy/energy at rest
23 terms
Chapter 6 vocab : Metabolism
substrate
concentration
energy carrier molecules
ATP
the compounds that an enzyme "works" on
can push or pull a reversible reaction: decreasing=pull; incr…
transports energy in the form of high-energy chem. bonds or e…
the most universal and important of the energy carrier molecu…
substrate
the compounds that an enzyme "works" on
concentration
can push or pull a reversible reaction: decreasing=pull; incr…
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