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Study sets matching "metabolism chapter 6"

Chapter 6 Metabolism
endergonic
exergonic
active site
allosteric site
a chemical reaction that stores energy. (products have more e…
a chemical reaction that releases energy. (products have less…
the groove on the enzyme where the substrate fits.
the area on an enzyme that can influence the shape of the enz…
endergonic
a chemical reaction that stores energy. (products have more e…
exergonic
a chemical reaction that releases energy. (products have less…
25 terms
Chapter 6: Energy & Metabolism
Thermodynamics
Energy exists in 2 states: __________…
A boulder on top of a hilltop is an ex…
The unit of heat most commonly employe…
Branch of chemistry concerned with energy changes
Energy exists in 2 states: ___KINETIC energy or the energy of…
POTENTIAL ENERGY (FROM GRAVITY)
The unit of heat most commonly employed in biology is the __K…
Thermodynamics
Branch of chemistry concerned with energy changes
Energy exists in 2 states: __________…
Energy exists in 2 states: ___KINETIC energy or the energy of…
37 terms
HHB Chapter 6 - Metabolism
enzyme induction
Cell metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolism
The process of switching on a gene only when the enzyme that…
The sum of all biochemical reactions within a living cell
The biochemical steps upon which life depends. Consists of se…
the breakdown of complex molecules to simpler ones, usually r…
enzyme induction
The process of switching on a gene only when the enzyme that…
Cell metabolism
The sum of all biochemical reactions within a living cell
18 terms
Chapter 6 - Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
kinetic energy
sum of all chemical reactions
building process
breaking down process
energy in motion
metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions
catabolism
building process
26 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
1st law of thermodynamics
2nd law of thermodynamics
metabolism
free energy
energy can be transferred but never created or destroyed
entropy, energy can't be changed from one form to anther with…
sum of all chemical reactions within a cell that modifies a m…
amount of energy left to do work after a chemical reaction ha…
1st law of thermodynamics
energy can be transferred but never created or destroyed
2nd law of thermodynamics
entropy, energy can't be changed from one form to anther with…
61 terms
Chapter 6-Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolic
Anabolic
Enzyme
All of the chemical reactions in a cell that either release e…
Break apart large molecules to release energy from them.
Consume energy to build large molecules from smaller ones.
Proteins that act as a catalyst, speeding up a cells metaboli…
Metabolism
All of the chemical reactions in a cell that either release e…
Catabolic
Break apart large molecules to release energy from them.
16 terms
CHAPTER 6: Metabolism
kinetic energy
Potential energy
Chemical energy
Reactant
is the energy of motion (ex. the movement of muscle and the m…
is stored energy; its capacity to accomplish work is not bein…
it contains energy in the chemical bonds of organic molecules…
the starting materials of chemical reactions/ substance that…
kinetic energy
is the energy of motion (ex. the movement of muscle and the m…
Potential energy
is stored energy; its capacity to accomplish work is not bein…
23 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Bioenergenetics
metabolism
anabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
study of energy flowing through living systems
all the chemical reactions that take place inside cells, incl…
pathways that require an input of energy to synthesize comple…
pathways in which complex molecules are broken down into simp…
Bioenergenetics
study of energy flowing through living systems
metabolism
all the chemical reactions that take place inside cells, incl…
34 terms
chapter 6 Metabolism
All cells need to accomplish two funda…
Synthesize new parts
Harvest energy
Catabolism
Synthesize... Harvest energy
Cell walls... membranes... ribosomes... nucleic acids
to power reactions and maintain life.... Sum total these is call…
Processes that degrade compounds to release energy.... Cells cap…
All cells need to accomplish two funda…
Synthesize... Harvest energy
Synthesize new parts
Cell walls... membranes... ribosomes... nucleic acids
29 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Energy
Chemical transformation
Energy transformation
Kinetic energy
- The capacity to do work, a force operating on an object ove…
Chemical reactions involving the breaking and forming of cova…
- Conversion of energy from one form to another... - Energy can…
The relative motion of objects
Energy
- The capacity to do work, a force operating on an object ove…
Chemical transformation
Chemical reactions involving the breaking and forming of cova…
24 terms
Chapter 6 Metabolism
Bioenergetics
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Cellular Respiration
flow of energy through living systems, such as your cells.
chemical reactions that occur inside a cell .
-Requires energy from the sun to make sugar from CO2 and H2O.…
Breaks down sugar to release energy to make ATP
Bioenergetics
flow of energy through living systems, such as your cells.
Metabolism
chemical reactions that occur inside a cell .
48 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Where do organisms get food?
Heterotrophs
Autotrophs
Metabolism
Heterotrophs & Autotrophs
Like us, eat it
Make food in photosynthesis [plants, some bacteria, some prot…
All the chemical reactions in the cell
Where do organisms get food?
Heterotrophs & Autotrophs
Heterotrophs
Like us, eat it
31 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Define metabolism. Draw an example of…
Metabolic pathway that builds things u…
Metabolic pathway that breaks things d…
__________ is the capacity to cause ch…
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions an emergent p…
Anabolic
Catabolic
Energy
Define metabolism. Draw an example of…
The totality of an organisms chemical reactions an emergent p…
Metabolic pathway that builds things u…
Anabolic
77 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Define metabolism:
Molecule that cells use for immediate…
Chemical energy is also stored in:
Kinetic energy:
all the chemical reactions necessary to transfer/store energy…
ATP
glucose, starch (plants), glycogen (animals)
energy of movement... energy in motion... (transport, muscle contra…
Define metabolism:
all the chemical reactions necessary to transfer/store energy…
Molecule that cells use for immediate…
ATP
66 terms
Chapter 6 - Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic pathways
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
-building and breaking of molecules... -totality of an organisms…
-a specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down…
A metabolic pathway that consumes energy to build complic…
Metabolism
-building and breaking of molecules... -totality of an organisms…
Metabolic pathways
-a specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
49 terms
Chapter 6: Intro to Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
anabolism
energy
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones "…
1. capacity to cause change; ability to rearrange a collectio…
Metabolism
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
Catabolism
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
40 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
What is the Metabolism?
What catalyzes the metabolism?
Metabolic Pathway
What is the formula for metabolism?
all the chemical reactions taking place in an organism
Enzyme
anabolic reactions + catabolic reactions
What is the Metabolism?
all the chemical reactions taking place in an organism
What catalyzes the metabolism?
Enzyme
24 terms
Chapter 6: Microbial Metabolism
Physical Requirements (Growth)
Chemical Requirements (Growth)
Temperature
Minimum Growth Temperature (MGT)
Ph, temperature and Osmotic Pressure
Carbon and Oxygen
Affects the growth of the organism
The lowest temperature which the organism can grow
Physical Requirements (Growth)
Ph, temperature and Osmotic Pressure
Chemical Requirements (Growth)
Carbon and Oxygen
131 terms
Microbial Metabolism, Microbial Metabolism, Chapter 6 Microbiology
Catabolism
Anabolism
ATP
Enzymes
Breakdown - providing building blocks and energy for anabol…
Build-up
Energy for chemical reactions along with enzyme aid
Allows for series of reactions > output of one reaction is us…
Catabolism
Breakdown - providing building blocks and energy for anabol…
Anabolism
Build-up
31 terms
Chapter 6- Cellular Metabolism
metabolism
anabolic metabolism
dehydration synthesis
catabolic metabolism
all the chemical reactions that occur within cells
all of the constrictive processes used to manufacture substan…
the taking away of a water molecule to unite or bond two mole…
processes by which larger molecules are broken down into smal…
metabolism
all the chemical reactions that occur within cells
anabolic metabolism
all of the constrictive processes used to manufacture substan…
49 terms
Chapter 6: Intro to Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
anabolism
energy
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones "…
1. capacity to cause change; ability to rearrange a collectio…
Metabolism
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
Catabolism
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
49 terms
Chapter 6: Intro to Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
anabolism
energy
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones "…
1. capacity to cause change; ability to rearrange a collectio…
Metabolism
1. sum of all the "breaking down" and "building up" reactions…
Catabolism
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
30 terms
Chapter 6 Energy & Metabolism
Enzymes
Active Site
Substrate
Active Site & Substrate
-Kind of protein... -Perform work... -Speed up cell's chemical reac…
-The place where the specific substrate binds... -Very specific…
-Whatever molecule the enzyme works on... -Very specific shapes
-Example: Lock & Key... -Lock: Active Site... -Key: Substrate
Enzymes
-Kind of protein... -Perform work... -Speed up cell's chemical reac…
Active Site
-The place where the specific substrate binds... -Very specific…
28 terms
Chapter 6 Intro to Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic Pathways
Catabolic Pathway
Anabolic Pathway
all the chemical reactions that occur in a cell
start with a particular molecule that is turned into a produc…
release energy by breaking down complex molecules to simpler…
consume energy to build complicated molecules from simpler on…
Metabolism
all the chemical reactions that occur in a cell
Metabolic Pathways
start with a particular molecule that is turned into a produc…
89 terms
Chapter 6-Bacterial Metabolism
involves both catabolism and anabolism…
involves breaking things down and rele…
involves building things up requiring…
what is the capacity to do work?
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
energy
involves both catabolism and anabolism…
metabolism
involves breaking things down and rele…
catabolism
22 terms
Chapter 6: Energy and Metabolism
Kinetic vs Potential Energy
The flow of energy
Oxidation vs Reduction
First law of thermodynamics
Kinetic: the energy of motion ... Potential: the energy that is…
...
Oxidation: lose of an electron... Reduction: Gain of an electron
Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but can only undergo c…
Kinetic vs Potential Energy
Kinetic: the energy of motion ... Potential: the energy that is…
The flow of energy
...
Chapter 6 Energy and Metabolism
Thermodynamics
Energy
Redox Reactions
First Law of Themordynamics
Branch of chemistry concerned with energy changes.... Cells are…
Capacity to do work. Exists in two states... -Kinetic Energy: En…
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions (Redox). Reactions always paire…
- Energy cannot be created or destroyed... - Energy can only cha…
Thermodynamics
Branch of chemistry concerned with energy changes.... Cells are…
Energy
Capacity to do work. Exists in two states... -Kinetic Energy: En…
42 terms
Chapter 6: Energy and Metabolism
energy
kinetic energy
potential energy
kilocalories
the capacity to do work
the energy of motion
stored energy
measurement of heat energy
energy
the capacity to do work
kinetic energy
the energy of motion
23 terms
Mader (2016) Chapter 6: Metabolism: Energy and Enzymes
Kinetic Energy
Potential energy
First Law of Thermodynamics
Second Law of Thermodynamics
The energy of motion
Stored Energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed
Energy cannot be changed from one form to another without a l…
Kinetic Energy
The energy of motion
Potential energy
Stored Energy
74 terms
chapter 6: microbial metabolism
what are the requirement for microbial…
temperature 2 know
what are different types of bacteria i…
what temperature do Psychrophiles pref…
physical requirement:... -temperature... -PH... -osmotic pressure... che…
o 4°C- Refrigerator... o 25°C- Room Temp.... o 37°C- Internal Body…
• Psychrophile... • Psychrotroph... • Mesophile... • Thermophiles... • Hy…
Optimum temp: -5°C to 15°C+ Found in Arctic and Antarctic reg…
what are the requirement for microbial…
physical requirement:... -temperature... -PH... -osmotic pressure... che…
temperature 2 know
o 4°C- Refrigerator... o 25°C- Room Temp.... o 37°C- Internal Body…
51 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathway
Catabolic
Anabolic
the sum total of all chemical reactions in an organism
begins with a starting molecule which is then altered in a se…
pathways which release energy together when complex molecules…
pathways which requires energy to put together complex molecu…
metabolism
the sum total of all chemical reactions in an organism
metabolic pathway
begins with a starting molecule which is then altered in a se…
25 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
anabolic
bioenergetics
catabolic
metabolism
pathways that require an input of energy to synthesize comple…
study of energy flowing through living systems
pathways in which complex molecules are broken down into simp…
all the chemical reactions that take place inside cells, incl…
anabolic
pathways that require an input of energy to synthesize comple…
bioenergetics
study of energy flowing through living systems
29 terms
Chapter 6 (Metabolism Terms)
Activation Energy
Active Site
Anabolic
ATP
Energy necessary for reactions to occur ... Ex. glucose molecul…
Specific region of the enzyme to which the substrate binds... E…
Pathways that require an input of energy to synthesize comple…
Adenosine triphosphate, the cell's energy currency... EX. Creat…
Activation Energy
Energy necessary for reactions to occur ... Ex. glucose molecul…
Active Site
Specific region of the enzyme to which the substrate binds... E…
38 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism Vocab
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex mol…
releases energy; complex molecules to simpler molecules
consumes energy; simple molecules to complex molecules
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions, consisting…
metabolic pathway
series of chemical reactions that either builds a complex mol…
28 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Anabolic
Bioenergetics
Catabolic
Metabolism
Pathways that require an input of energy to synthesize comple…
Study of energy flowing through living systems
Pathways in which complex molecules are broken down into simp…
All the chemical reactions that take place inside cells, incl…
Anabolic
Pathways that require an input of energy to synthesize comple…
Bioenergetics
Study of energy flowing through living systems
40 terms
Chapter 6; Energy and Metabolism
calorie
Kilocalorie
Joule
Calorie
the heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of wat…
1000 calories. Unit of heat
all units for energy. 1J = .239 cal.
same as kilocalorie; used on food labels
calorie
the heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of wat…
Kilocalorie
1000 calories. Unit of heat
9 terms
Chapter 6 Metabolism
Energy
Laws of Thermodynamics
Chemical Reactions-Catabolic
Chemical Reactions-Anabolic
Kilocalories... -amount of energy required to raise the temp. of…
First law- Energy in universe is always constant, energy can'…
-can be called Exergonic... -energy is released (Product=reactan…
-can be called Endergonic... -energy taken in (Reactants=product…
Energy
Kilocalories... -amount of energy required to raise the temp. of…
Laws of Thermodynamics
First law- Energy in universe is always constant, energy can'…
21 terms
Chapter 6 metabolism
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic pathways
Cellular metabolism
Kinetic energy
Release energy by breaking down complex molecule (ie. cellula…
Energy stored becomes available to do work in the cell-consum…
Totality of a cells chemical reactions
Energy in movement
Catabolic pathways
Release energy by breaking down complex molecule (ie. cellula…
Anabolic pathways
Energy stored becomes available to do work in the cell-consum…
35 terms
Chapter 6- Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism (biosynthesis)
Photosynthetic
sum of all chemical reactions in cell
set of chemical reactions that degrade compounds by secreting…
set of chemical reactions that cell sure to synthesize and as…
harvest energy from sunlight
Metabolism
sum of all chemical reactions in cell
Catabolism
set of chemical reactions that degrade compounds by secreting…
47 terms
Chapter 6: Energy and Metabolism
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential Energy
heat
The ability to do work.
- Energy of motion.... - Moving objects perform work by causing…
- Stored energy.... - Objects that are not actively moving but h…
______ is the most convenient way of measuring energy because…
Energy
The ability to do work.
Kinetic Energy
- Energy of motion.... - Moving objects perform work by causing…
56 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism (component of metabolism)
anabolism (component of metabolism)
potential energy
all cells need to synthesize new parts and harvest energy to…
processes that degrade compounds to release energy; cells cap…
biosynthetic processes; assemble subunits of macromolecules;…
stored energy (chemical bonds, rock on hill, water behind dam)
metabolism
all cells need to synthesize new parts and harvest energy to…
catabolism (component of metabolism)
processes that degrade compounds to release energy; cells cap…
100 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
All cells need to accomplish two funda…
Sum total of the bodily reactions is c…
Can separate metabolism into two parts:
Catabolism
- Synthesize new parts... - Harvest energy to power reactions
metabolism
catabolism and anabolism
• Processes that degrade compounds to release energy... • Cells…
All cells need to accomplish two funda…
- Synthesize new parts... - Harvest energy to power reactions
Sum total of the bodily reactions is c…
metabolism
37 terms
Chapter 6 - Metabolism
Energy
Kinetic or Mechanical
Potential or Chemical
Law of Conservation of Energy
The ability to do work or bring about change
Energy of motion
Stored energy
Energy cannot be created or destroyed but can be changed from…
Energy
The ability to do work or bring about change
Kinetic or Mechanical
Energy of motion
20 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Energy
Kinetic energy
Potential energy
Conservation of energy
The ability to do work
The energy of movement
stored energy
with no influx of energy, the amount of energy remains constant
Energy
The ability to do work
Kinetic energy
The energy of movement
20 terms
Chapter 6 Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathway
Anabolic pathway
The totality of an organism's chemical reaction; an merge t p…
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
A metabolic pathway that releases energy by breaking down com…
Metabolic pathway that consume energy to build complicated mo…
Metabolism
The totality of an organism's chemical reaction; an merge t p…
Metabolic pathway
A specific molecule is altered in a series of defined steps,…
Chapter 6- Metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
totality of a organism's chemical reactions. manages material…
a specific molecule is altered in a series of steps.
metabolic pathway. releases energy by breaking down complex m…
consumes energy to build complicated molecules from simpler o…
metabolism
totality of a organism's chemical reactions. manages material…
metabolic pathway
a specific molecule is altered in a series of steps.
32 terms
Chapter 6 - Metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; it's an eme…
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product; each…
released energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpl…
consume energy to build complex molecules from simpler ones
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions; it's an eme…
metabolic pathway
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product; each…
17 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Endergonic Reaction
Exergonic Reaction
Metabolism
Product
Chemical reaction that requires an input of energy; opposite…
Chemical reaction that releases energy; opposite of endergoni…
All of the chemical changes that occur within a cell.
Substance that forms as a result of a reaction.
Endergonic Reaction
Chemical reaction that requires an input of energy; opposite…
Exergonic Reaction
Chemical reaction that releases energy; opposite of endergoni…
49 terms
Chapter 6 Metabolism
Metabolism
Metabolic pathway
Catabolic pathways
Cellular respiration
Is the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product
releases energy by breaking down complex molecules into simpl…
the breakdown of glucose in the presence of oxygen, is an exa…
Metabolism
Is the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
Metabolic pathway
begins with a specific molecule and ends with a product
29 terms
Chapter 6: Metabolism
Activation Energy
Active Site
Allosteric Inhibition
Anabolic
Energy necessary for reactions to occur
Specific region of the enzyme to which the substrate binds
Inhibition by a binding event at a site different from the ac…
Pathways that require an input of energy to synthesize comple…
Activation Energy
Energy necessary for reactions to occur
Active Site
Specific region of the enzyme to which the substrate binds
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