Study sets matching "metabolism"

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Study sets matching "metabolism"

Metabolism
Starch
Glucose
Protein
Amino Acid
A polysaccharide.
A monosaccharide and the monomer of starch. Found in sweet su…
Used to build muscle, hair, skin and enzymes.
The monomer of protein.
Starch
A polysaccharide.
Glucose
A monosaccharide and the monomer of starch. Found in sweet su…
12 terms
Metabolism
Define metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Enzymes
all the chemical reactions in cell... all the building and break…
Constructive metabolism; the process of building up larger mo…
Biological processes which primarily break down large storage…
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
Define metabolism
all the chemical reactions in cell... all the building and break…
Anabolism
Constructive metabolism; the process of building up larger mo…
metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
energy
organism's chemical processes
breakdown of complex molecules to simple molecules
build complex molecules from simple molecules
capacity to do work
metabolism
organism's chemical processes
catabolism
breakdown of complex molecules to simple molecules
25 terms
Metabolism
Emulsify
Gallbladder secretes
micelle
micelles are soluble in aqueous soluti…
to break down (fats)
bile
Micelles are lipid molecules that arrange themselves in a sph…
yes
Emulsify
to break down (fats)
Gallbladder secretes
bile
metabolism
glycogenesis
glycogenolysis
lipolysis
lipogenesis
formation of glycogen from glucose
breakdown of glycogen into glucose
breakdown of lipids (triglycerides)
formation of lipids from proteins or sugars
glycogenesis
formation of glycogen from glucose
glycogenolysis
breakdown of glycogen into glucose
69 terms
Metabolism
Primary roles of macronutrients
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Carbohydrates: fuel source for basic life functions and exerc…
4 kcal/g... Circulated in blood as glucose... Stored in muscle, liv…
4 kcal/g... Some AAs are inessential (the body makes them) and s…
9 kcal/g... Stored in muscle and adipose tissue... Most are triglyc…
Primary roles of macronutrients
Carbohydrates: fuel source for basic life functions and exerc…
Carbohydrates
4 kcal/g... Circulated in blood as glucose... Stored in muscle, liv…
16 terms
Metabolism
Metabolic network
Basic functions of metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
The sum of all biochemical reactions takin g place in an orga…
To obtain energy from fuel molecules/ sunlight.... To convert nu…
Large complex organic molecules are decomposed into smaller m…
Small molecules are used to construct large complex organic m…
Metabolic network
The sum of all biochemical reactions takin g place in an orga…
Basic functions of metabolism
To obtain energy from fuel molecules/ sunlight.... To convert nu…
112 terms
Metabolism
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Glucose; fats/fatty acids
Oxygen, water - to make muscles work, aerobic for sustained w…
Glycogen, ATP (drives muscle contraction), Creatine phosphate…
Enzymes (used to help convert)
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Glucose; fats/fatty acids
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Oxygen, water - to make muscles work, aerobic for sustained w…
174 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism and anabolism
catabolism
anabolism
sum total of all chemical reactions in living organisms; chan…
2 metabolic processes
metabolic process related to the degradation of complex molec…
metabolic process related to the synthesis of complex organic…
metabolism
sum total of all chemical reactions in living organisms; chan…
catabolism and anabolism
2 metabolic processes
142 terms
Metabolism
Oxidation
What are the regulation mechanisms of…
What are the similarities and differen…
Which of the following happen inside t…
release energy
Coordinated pathways, Copartmentalization, Enzyme regulation,…
Same: reversible, non competitive, Different need enzyme to a…
In: TCA, Ox Phos, B-oxidation, Ketone body, Pyruvate dehydrog…
Oxidation
release energy
What are the regulation mechanisms of…
Coordinated pathways, Copartmentalization, Enzyme regulation,…
48 terms
Metabolism
glycolysis
intermembrane space
glucose
hexokinase
the process by which glucose is broken down initially
the location where glycolysis occurs
the initial substrate in glycolysis
the enzyme that catalyzes the reaction of glucose and ATP to…
glycolysis
the process by which glucose is broken down initially
intermembrane space
the location where glycolysis occurs
Metabolism
endergonic
exergonic
activation energy
enzyme inhibitors
The reaction ADP + P --> ATP is a(n) _____ reaction. (it abso…
The reaction A --> B + C + heat is released in a(n) _____ rea…
the minimum amount of energy required to start a chemical rea…
DDT, antibiotics, (compitative and non competitive)... Certain m…
endergonic
The reaction ADP + P --> ATP is a(n) _____ reaction. (it abso…
exergonic
The reaction A --> B + C + heat is released in a(n) _____ rea…
129 terms
METABOLISM
metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
confirmational change
is largely a story of chemical bonds, more specifically the e…
a reaction that involves the synthesis of new molecules
reactions occur when molecules are broken down into smaller a…
when a protein changes its shape
metabolism
is largely a story of chemical bonds, more specifically the e…
anabolism
a reaction that involves the synthesis of new molecules
35 terms
Metabolism
Metabolism
metabolism
Energy
Forms of Energy
Biosynthesis... Harvest energy... Convert food into usable energy (…
The sum total of chemical reactions of biosynthesis and energ…
is the capacity to do work
Potential- stored
Metabolism
Biosynthesis... Harvest energy... Convert food into usable energy (…
metabolism
The sum total of chemical reactions of biosynthesis and energ…
15 terms
metabolism
Protein compounds
Deamination
Lipid compounds
Lipogenesis
Polypeptides - large protein structures, Dipeptides - Links o…
removal of the amino radical from an amino acid or other amin…
Triglycerides: Fatty acids + Glycerol... Steroids: cholesterol... P…
Formation of triglycerides from food - move out of bloodstrea…
Protein compounds
Polypeptides - large protein structures, Dipeptides - Links o…
Deamination
removal of the amino radical from an amino acid or other amin…
Metabolism
free energy
deltaG
cellular respiration formula
cellular respiration deltaG
utilized by biological systems and molecular building blocks…
the difference between the free energy of the final state and…
C6H12O6+6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 30-32 ATP
-686 kcal/mol
free energy
utilized by biological systems and molecular building blocks…
deltaG
the difference between the free energy of the final state and…
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Cellular Respiration... (aerobic respirat…
Cellular Respiration Functions
-synthetic, constructive, energy requiring reactions... -buildin…
decomposing, energy yielding reactions
-Glycolysis, Krebs Cycle, Electron Transport Chain
-catabolize glucose into co2 and h20... -produce large numbers o…
Anabolism
-synthetic, constructive, energy requiring reactions... -buildin…
Catabolism
decomposing, energy yielding reactions
45 terms
metabolism
nutrients
What are the three macromolecules?
Monosaccharides
Amino acids
most biomolecules, vitamins and minerals
Carbohydrates, lipids and proteins
Smallest units of carbohydrates
Smallest units of proteins
nutrients
most biomolecules, vitamins and minerals
What are the three macromolecules?
Carbohydrates, lipids and proteins
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
metabolism
aerobic respiration
"a throwing down"... the process of breaking down substrates... gen…
"a throwing up"... biosynthesis - making larger molecules from s…
regulation of catabolism and anabolism to maintain the stabil…
process of respiration that uses O2 as the final electron acc…
catabolism
"a throwing down"... the process of breaking down substrates... gen…
anabolism
"a throwing up"... biosynthesis - making larger molecules from s…
Metabolism
Organic
Inorganic
Atom
Element
"living" (contains carbon)
"non-living" (does not contain carbon)
smallest unit of matter
substance such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen that only contains…
Organic
"living" (contains carbon)
Inorganic
"non-living" (does not contain carbon)
Metabolism
_____ = all of the chemical reactions…
____ builds large polymers (macromolec…
Monosaccharides (simple carbs) ----->…
3 Fatty Acids + 1 Glycerol -----> ____…
Metabolism
Anabolism
polysaccharides
triglyceride
_____ = all of the chemical reactions…
Metabolism
____ builds large polymers (macromolec…
Anabolism
17 terms
Metabolism
What is Metabolism?
2 types of chemical reactions
What is Catabolism?
What is Anabolism?
Sum of all the chemical reactions in the body
Catabolism and Anabolism
Breaking a larger molecule into a smaller one
Taking a smaller molecule and making it into a bigger one
What is Metabolism?
Sum of all the chemical reactions in the body
2 types of chemical reactions
Catabolism and Anabolism
12 terms
Metabolism
metabolism is
2 types of reactions
Catabolic
Exergonic
the sum of all chemical reactions in the body
Catabolic & Anabolic
Exergonic
reactions that generally release more energy than they consume
metabolism is
the sum of all chemical reactions in the body
2 types of reactions
Catabolic & Anabolic
26 terms
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Respiration
ATP
metabolism
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... A process plants use to…
Metabolic processes that produce energy (ATP) for all the lif…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... A process plants use to…
Respiration
Metabolic processes that produce energy (ATP) for all the lif…
42 terms
Metabolism
how are we deriving energy from food?
Metabolic Pathways
Catabolic pathways
Anabolic Pathways
Break CC bonds!
substrates, enzymes, intermediates, products
breakdown into smaller molecules (destroy stuff!)
build larger molecules, require energy use (build stuff!)
how are we deriving energy from food?
Break CC bonds!
Metabolic Pathways
substrates, enzymes, intermediates, products
17 terms
Metabolism
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Cellular respiration
Sum of all biochemical reactions inside cell involving nutrie…
Synthesis of large molecules molecules from small ones ( maki…
Hydrolysis of complex structures to simpler ones ( breakdown…
Catabolic breakdown of food fuels whereby energy from food is…
Metabolism
Sum of all biochemical reactions inside cell involving nutrie…
Anabolism
Synthesis of large molecules molecules from small ones ( maki…
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Cellular Respirations
Anaerobic Glucose Catabolism
Breakdown of complex compounds into simpler components
Building of simple compounds into substances needed for cellu…
Energy that is released from nutrients in a series of reactions
First steps in the breakdown of glucose; does not require oxy…
Catabolism
Breakdown of complex compounds into simpler components
Anabolism
Building of simple compounds into substances needed for cellu…
Metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathway
anabolic pathway
the biochemical reactions involved in building and breaking d…
series of enzymatic reactions involved in making/breaking mol…
reaction involved in breakdown (glycolysis, TCA/krebs, fermen…
reactions in synthesis of molecules (protein, lipid, glycogen…
metabolism
the biochemical reactions involved in building and breaking d…
metabolic pathway
series of enzymatic reactions involved in making/breaking mol…
Metabolism
Metabolism
Anabolism
Dehydration
Anabolism
set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to…
the synthesis of complex organic compounds from simple molecu…
taking water away to synthesize compounds
What uses dehydration to build compounds?
Metabolism
set of chemical reactions that happen in living organisms to…
Anabolism
the synthesis of complex organic compounds from simple molecu…
Metabolism
4 main functions of liver (think Recyc…
What does albumin do? (think Al Pacino)
What does bile do? (think bus)
bilirubin
1) Produce Albumin, Bile, & Coagulation Factors... 2) Detox ETOH…
attracts fluids, transports drugs, & binds with calcium
transports bilirubin & cholesterol
breakdown of old RBCs
4 main functions of liver (think Recyc…
1) Produce Albumin, Bile, & Coagulation Factors... 2) Detox ETOH…
What does albumin do? (think Al Pacino)
attracts fluids, transports drugs, & binds with calcium
28 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
cellular respiration
biochemical reactions incside cells involving nutrients
synthesis of large molecules from small ones; amino acids to…
hydrolysis of complex structures to simpler ones; proteins to…
catabolism of food fuels; capture of energy to form ATP in ce…
metabolism
biochemical reactions incside cells involving nutrients
anabolism
synthesis of large molecules from small ones; amino acids to…
Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolic Pathways
Anabolic Pathways
Dehydration Synthesis
Totality of an organisms chemical reactions (manages material…
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
Consume energy to build complex molecules and rebuild proteins
Taking away water in order to create a new compound
Metabolism
Totality of an organisms chemical reactions (manages material…
Catabolic Pathways
Release energy by breaking down complex molecules into simple…
24 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
organic compounds
all the reactions that take place in cells, and therefore in…
when large molecules are broken down into small molecules. Th…
when small molecules are built up into larger ones. They requ…
compounds have large molecules and always contain carbon
metabolism
all the reactions that take place in cells, and therefore in…
catabolism
when large molecules are broken down into small molecules. Th…
57 terms
Metabolism
Glycolysis
First half of glycolysis
Second half of glycolysis
Net yield from glycolysis
Breakdown of 6-carbon glucose molecule into two 3-carbon mole…
Two phosphate groups from two different ATP molecules are add…
Energy output phase... AKA 3 carbon phase... Two ATP produced per 3…
2 ATP and 2 NADPH
Glycolysis
Breakdown of 6-carbon glucose molecule into two 3-carbon mole…
First half of glycolysis
Two phosphate groups from two different ATP molecules are add…
18 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
amino acids
glucose
molecule
the body's use of molecules for energy and growth
molecules that are the building blocks of proteins
a molecule that organisms can use to release energy, and that…
a group of atoms joined together in a particular way
metabolism
the body's use of molecules for energy and growth
amino acids
molecules that are the building blocks of proteins
109 terms
Metabolism
Absorptive state
Post- absorptive state
Anabolism
Catabolism
Fed stage. Storage of excess molecules
Unfed stage. Mobilisation of stores
Building of complex molecules
Breaking down of complex molecules to make energy
Absorptive state
Fed stage. Storage of excess molecules
Post- absorptive state
Unfed stage. Mobilisation of stores
30 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
catabolic
anabolic
first law of thermodynamics
collection of chemical reactions that occur in an organism
metabolic pathway that breaks down; high energy to low energy…
metabolic pathway that builds; low energy to high energy mole…
energy cannot be created nor destroyed; "conservation of ener…
metabolism
collection of chemical reactions that occur in an organism
catabolic
metabolic pathway that breaks down; high energy to low energy…
47 terms
Metabolism
Glycolysis
Pyruvate
Substrate - Level Phosphorylation
Fermentation
- the breakdown of glucose into pyruvate... - fructose and gluco…
- a 3 carbon molecule two of which are formed from glucose
- production of ATP by the transfer of a phosphate molecule t…
- metabolism in the absence of oxygen... - the reduction of pyru…
Glycolysis
- the breakdown of glucose into pyruvate... - fructose and gluco…
Pyruvate
- a 3 carbon molecule two of which are formed from glucose
metabolism
Each NADH yields.......
Each FADH2 yields.......
because erythrocytes do not have mitoc…
Coenzyme Q is also known as... ubiquinone.
3 ATP
2 ATP
...
...
Each NADH yields.......
3 ATP
Each FADH2 yields.......
2 ATP
Metabolism
Gene
Calorie
Fruit
Vegatable
Gene
Calorie
143 terms
Metabolism
Define metabolism:
Define catabolism:
Define anabolism:
Give examples of catabolism:
Totality of chemical reactions and physical changes that occu…
Metabolic breakdown of complex molecules into smaller products
Energy requiring part of metabolism- simpler transformed into…
glycolysis, lipolysis, glycogenolysis
Define metabolism:
Totality of chemical reactions and physical changes that occu…
Define catabolism:
Metabolic breakdown of complex molecules into smaller products
18 terms
Metabolism
passive transport
diffusion
facilitated diffusion
active transport
energy independent ... no ATP required
movement of a substance down the concentration gradient from…
diffusion across a biological membrane through an integral pr…
energy dependent ... needs ATP
passive transport
energy independent ... no ATP required
diffusion
movement of a substance down the concentration gradient from…
11 terms
metabolism
metabolism
Calorie
energy content of carbohydrate
energy content of protein
overall energy economy of a cell or organism
the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 liter…
4kcal/g
4 kcal/g
metabolism
overall energy economy of a cell or organism
Calorie
the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 liter…
34 terms
Metabolism
KVO= ? ml/hr
Cations
Anions
Iso-Osmolar
10 ml/hr
K+, Na+, Ca+, Mg+
Cl-, HCO3-, Phosphate PO4-, SulfateS04-
wt of particles = wt of water
KVO= ? ml/hr
10 ml/hr
Cations
K+, Na+, Ca+, Mg+
28 terms
Metabolism
Isocitrate dehydrogenase
Carbomyl phosphate synthase 1
Acetyl CoA carboxylase
Carnitine acyltransferase 1
Determines rate of TCA cycle
Determines rate of urea cycle
Determines rate of fatty acid synthesis
Determines rate of fatty acid degradation
Isocitrate dehydrogenase
Determines rate of TCA cycle
Carbomyl phosphate synthase 1
Determines rate of urea cycle
Metabolism
Metabolism
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential energy
the chemical activities that maintain life in an organism's b…
your body's ability to do work, but does not
energy that moves matter and does work
stored energy, could do work but does not
Metabolism
the chemical activities that maintain life in an organism's b…
Energy
your body's ability to do work, but does not
34 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
catabolic
anabolic
energy
all of an organism's chemical reactions
reactions that break down complex to simple
reactions that build complex from simple
ability to cause change
metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions
catabolic
reactions that break down complex to simple
46 terms
Metabolism
absorption spectrum
accessory pigment
acetyl coA
action spectrum
The range of a pigment's ability to absorb various wavelength…
compound other than chlorophyll that absorbs light at differe…
Acetyl coenzyme A; the entry compound for the citric acid cyc…
A profile of the relative performance of the different wavele…
absorption spectrum
The range of a pigment's ability to absorb various wavelength…
accessory pigment
compound other than chlorophyll that absorbs light at differe…
57 terms
Metabolism
Absorption
Anorexia
Anthropometric
Aspiration
process by which drugs are transferred from the site of entry…
lack or loss of appetite for food
measurements of the body and body parts
misdirection of oropharyngeal secretions or gastric contents…
Absorption
process by which drugs are transferred from the site of entry…
Anorexia
lack or loss of appetite for food
Metabolism
Fed vs. Fasted States
Gluconeogenesis primarily occurs in wh…
Orexia vs. Anorexia
The peptide CCK (source = small intest…
Fed - immediately after eating/ hormone secretion/ digestion…
Liver
Orexia - hunger... Anorexia - no hunger... *The peptide orexin (so…
Food.
Fed vs. Fasted States
Fed - immediately after eating/ hormone secretion/ digestion…
Gluconeogenesis primarily occurs in wh…
Liver
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