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Study sets matching "metabolism"

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Study sets matching "metabolism"

55 terms
metabolism
metabolism
acetyl CoA
ATP
ADP
fint språk för ämnesomsättning, består av två cykler - en ned…
the acetylated form of coenzyme A, formed as an intermediate…
adenosintrifosfat
adenosindifosfat
metabolism
fint språk för ämnesomsättning, består av två cykler - en ned…
acetyl CoA
the acetylated form of coenzyme A, formed as an intermediate…
12 terms
Metabolism
Define metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Enzymes
all the chemical reactions in cell... all the building and break…
Constructive metabolism; the process of building up larger mo…
Biological processes which primarily break down large storage…
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
Define metabolism
all the chemical reactions in cell... all the building and break…
Anabolism
Constructive metabolism; the process of building up larger mo…
25 terms
Metabolism
Emulsify
Gallbladder secretes
micelle
micelles are soluble in aqueous soluti…
to break down (fats)
bile
Micelles are lipid molecules that arrange themselves in a sph…
yes
Emulsify
to break down (fats)
Gallbladder secretes
bile
35 terms
metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
energy
organism's chemical processes
breakdown of complex molecules to simple molecules
build complex molecules from simple molecules
capacity to do work
metabolism
organism's chemical processes
catabolism
breakdown of complex molecules to simple molecules
16 terms
metabolism
glycogenesis
glycogenolysis
lipolysis
lipogenesis
formation of glycogen from glucose
breakdown of glycogen into glucose
breakdown of lipids (triglycerides)
formation of lipids from proteins or sugars
glycogenesis
formation of glycogen from glucose
glycogenolysis
breakdown of glycogen into glucose
Metabolism
Gene
Calorie
Fruit
Vegatable
Gene
Calorie
142 terms
Metabolism
Oxidation
What are the regulation mechanisms of…
What are the similarities and differen…
Which of the following happen inside t…
release energy
Coordinated pathways, Copartmentalization, Enzyme regulation,…
Same: reversible, non competitive, Different need enzyme to a…
In: TCA, Ox Phos, B-oxidation, Ketone body, Pyruvate dehydrog…
Oxidation
release energy
What are the regulation mechanisms of…
Coordinated pathways, Copartmentalization, Enzyme regulation,…
20 terms
metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
fate of glucose
catabolism and anabolism; key rxn types incl redox, isomeriza…
extraction of energy and reducing pwr from environment
synthesis of building blocks or macromolecules
G6P can enter glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway, or glyco…
metabolism
catabolism and anabolism; key rxn types incl redox, isomeriza…
catabolism
extraction of energy and reducing pwr from environment
48 terms
Metabolism
glycolysis
intermembrane space
glucose
hexokinase
the process by which glucose is broken down initially
the location where glycolysis occurs
the initial substrate in glycolysis
the enzyme that catalyzes the reaction of glucose and ATP to…
glycolysis
the process by which glucose is broken down initially
intermembrane space
the location where glycolysis occurs
69 terms
Metabolism
Primary roles of macronutrients
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Carbohydrates: fuel source for basic life functions and exerc…
4 kcal/g... Circulated in blood as glucose... Stored in muscle, liv…
4 kcal/g... Some AAs are inessential (the body makes them) and s…
9 kcal/g... Stored in muscle and adipose tissue... Most are triglyc…
Primary roles of macronutrients
Carbohydrates: fuel source for basic life functions and exerc…
Carbohydrates
4 kcal/g... Circulated in blood as glucose... Stored in muscle, liv…
174 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism and anabolism
catabolism
anabolism
sum total of all chemical reactions in living organisms; chan…
2 metabolic processes
metabolic process related to the degradation of complex molec…
metabolic process related to the synthesis of complex organic…
metabolism
sum total of all chemical reactions in living organisms; chan…
catabolism and anabolism
2 metabolic processes
16 terms
Metabolism
Metabolic network
Basic functions of metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
The sum of all biochemical reactions takin g place in an orga…
To obtain energy from fuel molecules/ sunlight.... To convert nu…
Large complex organic molecules are decomposed into smaller m…
Small molecules are used to construct large complex organic m…
Metabolic network
The sum of all biochemical reactions takin g place in an orga…
Basic functions of metabolism
To obtain energy from fuel molecules/ sunlight.... To convert nu…
112 terms
Metabolism
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Glucose; fats/fatty acids
Oxygen, water - to make muscles work, aerobic for sustained w…
Glycogen, ATP (drives muscle contraction), Creatine phosphate…
Enzymes (used to help convert)
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Glucose; fats/fatty acids
Fuels and energy production for muscle…
Oxygen, water - to make muscles work, aerobic for sustained w…
24 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
organic compounds
all the reactions that take place in cells, and therefore in…
when large molecules are broken down into small molecules. Th…
when small molecules are built up into larger ones. They requ…
compounds have large molecules and always contain carbon
metabolism
all the reactions that take place in cells, and therefore in…
catabolism
when large molecules are broken down into small molecules. Th…
31 terms
Metabolism
Organic
Inorganic
Atom
Element
"living" (contains carbon)
"non-living" (does not contain carbon)
smallest unit of matter
substance such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen that only contains…
Organic
"living" (contains carbon)
Inorganic
"non-living" (does not contain carbon)
129 terms
METABOLISM
metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
confirmational change
is largely a story of chemical bonds, more specifically the e…
a reaction that involves the synthesis of new molecules
reactions occur when molecules are broken down into smaller a…
when a protein changes its shape
metabolism
is largely a story of chemical bonds, more specifically the e…
anabolism
a reaction that involves the synthesis of new molecules
26 terms
Metabolism
Photosynthesis
Respiration
ATP
metabolism
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... A process plants use to…
Metabolic processes that produce energy (ATP) for all the lif…
(adenosine triphosphate) main energy source that cells use fo…
All of the chemical reactions that occur within an organism
Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2... A process plants use to…
Respiration
Metabolic processes that produce energy (ATP) for all the lif…
15 terms
metabolism
Protein compounds
Deamination
Lipid compounds
Lipogenesis
Polypeptides - large protein structures, Dipeptides - Links o…
removal of the amino radical from an amino acid or other amin…
Triglycerides: Fatty acids + Glycerol... Steroids: cholesterol... P…
Formation of triglycerides from food - move out of bloodstrea…
Protein compounds
Polypeptides - large protein structures, Dipeptides - Links o…
Deamination
removal of the amino radical from an amino acid or other amin…
50 terms
metabolism
metabolism
anabolism
catabolism
energy efficiency
all chemical reactions performed by cells
synthesis metabolic reactions
decomposition metabolic reactions
40 % of the energy in glucose is ultimately transferred to ATP
metabolism
all chemical reactions performed by cells
anabolism
synthesis metabolic reactions
35 terms
Metabolism
Metabolism
metabolism
Energy
Forms of Energy
Biosynthesis... Harvest energy... Convert food into usable energy (…
The sum total of chemical reactions of biosynthesis and energ…
is the capacity to do work
Potential- stored
Metabolism
Biosynthesis... Harvest energy... Convert food into usable energy (…
metabolism
The sum total of chemical reactions of biosynthesis and energ…
20 terms
Metabolism
__a__ is the ability to cause a change…
What does the first law of thermodynam…
Every time energy is transferred, some…
Dehydration synthesis is an example of…
a. energy... b. kinetic... c. potential
Energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transferred or tr…
a. heat... b. entropy
a. anabolic... b. endergonic
__a__ is the ability to cause a change…
a. energy... b. kinetic... c. potential
What does the first law of thermodynam…
Energy cannot be created or destroyed, only transferred or tr…
60 terms
Metabolism
free energy
deltaG
cellular respiration formula
cellular respiration deltaG
utilized by biological systems and molecular building blocks…
the difference between the free energy of the final state and…
C6H12O6+6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 30-32 ATP
-686 kcal/mol
free energy
utilized by biological systems and molecular building blocks…
deltaG
the difference between the free energy of the final state and…
20 terms
Metabolism
Fed vs. Fasted States
Gluconeogenesis primarily occurs in wh…
Orexia vs. Anorexia
The peptide CCK (source = small intest…
Fed - immediately after eating/ hormone secretion/ digestion…
Liver
Orexia - hunger... Anorexia - no hunger... *The peptide orexin (so…
Food.
Fed vs. Fasted States
Fed - immediately after eating/ hormone secretion/ digestion…
Gluconeogenesis primarily occurs in wh…
Liver
27 terms
metabolism
catabolism
anabolism
metabolism
aerobic respiration
"a throwing down"... the process of breaking down substrates... gen…
"a throwing up"... biosynthesis - making larger molecules from s…
regulation of catabolism and anabolism to maintain the stabil…
process of respiration that uses O2 as the final electron acc…
catabolism
"a throwing down"... the process of breaking down substrates... gen…
anabolism
"a throwing up"... biosynthesis - making larger molecules from s…
17 terms
Metabolism
What is Metabolism?
2 types of chemical reactions
What is Catabolism?
What is Anabolism?
Sum of all the chemical reactions in the body
Catabolism and Anabolism
Breaking a larger molecule into a smaller one
Taking a smaller molecule and making it into a bigger one
What is Metabolism?
Sum of all the chemical reactions in the body
2 types of chemical reactions
Catabolism and Anabolism
30 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
catabolic
anabolic
first law of thermodynamics
collection of chemical reactions that occur in an organism
metabolic pathway that breaks down; high energy to low energy…
metabolic pathway that builds; low energy to high energy mole…
energy cannot be created nor destroyed; "conservation of ener…
metabolism
collection of chemical reactions that occur in an organism
catabolic
metabolic pathway that breaks down; high energy to low energy…
18 terms
Metabolism
passive transport
diffusion
facilitated diffusion
active transport
energy independent ... no ATP required
movement of a substance down the concentration gradient from…
diffusion across a biological membrane through an integral pr…
energy dependent ... needs ATP
passive transport
energy independent ... no ATP required
diffusion
movement of a substance down the concentration gradient from…
47 terms
metabolism
Each NADH yields.......
Each FADH2 yields.......
because erythrocytes do not have mitoc…
Coenzyme Q is also known as... ubiquinone.
3 ATP
2 ATP
...
...
Each NADH yields.......
3 ATP
Each FADH2 yields.......
2 ATP
11 terms
metabolism
metabolism
Calorie
energy content of carbohydrate
energy content of protein
overall energy economy of a cell or organism
the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 liter…
4kcal/g
4 kcal/g
metabolism
overall energy economy of a cell or organism
Calorie
the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 liter…
28 terms
Metabolism
Isocitrate dehydrogenase
Carbomyl phosphate synthase 1
Acetyl CoA carboxylase
Carnitine acyltransferase 1
Determines rate of TCA cycle
Determines rate of urea cycle
Determines rate of fatty acid synthesis
Determines rate of fatty acid degradation
Isocitrate dehydrogenase
Determines rate of TCA cycle
Carbomyl phosphate synthase 1
Determines rate of urea cycle
86 terms
Metabolism
Beta oxidation is the initial phase of…
The increased use of noncarbohydrate m…
Except for lactose and some glycogen,…
The term essential nutrient refers to…
False
True
False
False
Beta oxidation is the initial phase of…
False
The increased use of noncarbohydrate m…
True
Metabolism
Metabolism
Energy
Kinetic Energy
Potential energy
the chemical activities that maintain life in an organism's b…
your body's ability to do work, but does not
energy that moves matter and does work
stored energy, could do work but does not
Metabolism
the chemical activities that maintain life in an organism's b…
Energy
your body's ability to do work, but does not
34 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
catabolic
anabolic
energy
all of an organism's chemical reactions
reactions that break down complex to simple
reactions that build complex from simple
ability to cause change
metabolism
all of an organism's chemical reactions
catabolic
reactions that break down complex to simple
46 terms
Metabolism
absorption spectrum
accessory pigment
acetyl coA
action spectrum
The range of a pigment's ability to absorb various wavelength…
compound other than chlorophyll that absorbs light at differe…
Acetyl coenzyme A; the entry compound for the citric acid cyc…
A profile of the relative performance of the different wavele…
absorption spectrum
The range of a pigment's ability to absorb various wavelength…
accessory pigment
compound other than chlorophyll that absorbs light at differe…
57 terms
Metabolism
Absorption
Anorexia
Anthropometric
Aspiration
process by which drugs are transferred from the site of entry…
lack or loss of appetite for food
measurements of the body and body parts
misdirection of oropharyngeal secretions or gastric contents…
Absorption
process by which drugs are transferred from the site of entry…
Anorexia
lack or loss of appetite for food
11 terms
Metabolism
Metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Anabolic chemical reaction
All of the chemical reactions in the body... glucose-for energy…
Produce chemical bonds to create complex molecules by bonding…
Breaking of chemical bonds of a complex molecule making a num…
If nutrients cannot be used immediately they are stored... -must…
Metabolism
All of the chemical reactions in the body... glucose-for energy…
Anabolism
Produce chemical bonds to create complex molecules by bonding…
69 terms
Metabolism
Primary roles of macronutrients
Carbohydrates
Proteins
Lipids
Carbohydrates: fuel source for basic life functions and exerc…
4 kcal/g... Circulated in blood as glucose... Stored in muscle, liv…
4 kcal/g... Some AAs are inessential (the body makes them) and s…
9 kcal/g... Stored in muscle and adipose tissue... Most are triglyc…
Primary roles of macronutrients
Carbohydrates: fuel source for basic life functions and exerc…
Carbohydrates
4 kcal/g... Circulated in blood as glucose... Stored in muscle, liv…
14 terms
Metabolism
Metabolism
2 types of metabolic reactions
Enzymes
How enzymes work
All the chemical reactions that take place in a cell
Catabolic reactions (catabolism)... • Large molecules broken int…
• Enzymes are proteins... • Act as organic catalysts - speed up…
Enzymes are SPECIFIC as they only catalyse one type of reacti…
Metabolism
All the chemical reactions that take place in a cell
2 types of metabolic reactions
Catabolic reactions (catabolism)... • Large molecules broken int…
29 terms
Metabolism
Substrate of FA synthesis
Site of FA synthesis. How does substra…
Enzyme of rate limiting step in FA syn…
Regulation of FA synthesis
Acetyl-CoA in mitochondria
Cytosol... Acetyl-CoA + OAA --> Citrate... Citrate is shunted out…
Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase - In cytosol... Require BIOTIN
- ATP block isocitrate dehydrogenase/TCA --> increase citrate…
Substrate of FA synthesis
Acetyl-CoA in mitochondria
Site of FA synthesis. How does substra…
Cytosol... Acetyl-CoA + OAA --> Citrate... Citrate is shunted out…
50 terms
Metabolism
Matter
Energy
Two types of energy
Kinetic
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Ability to do work
kinetic and potential
Energy of motion; heat light & anything in motion
Matter
Anything that has mass and takes up space
Energy
Ability to do work
12 terms
Metabolism
Define metabolism
Anabolism
Catabolism
Enzymes
all the chemical reactions in cell... all the building and break…
Constructive metabolism; the process of building up larger mo…
Biological processes which primarily break down large storage…
Catalysts for chemical reactions in living things
Define metabolism
all the chemical reactions in cell... all the building and break…
Anabolism
Constructive metabolism; the process of building up larger mo…
28 terms
Metabolism
anabolic reactions
catabolic reactions
external respiration
Internal respiration
The chemical reactions in the body that build up versus break…
break down large, complex molecules to provide energy and sma…
the act of bringing air into and out of the lungs and exchang…
Exchange of gases between cells of the body and the blood
anabolic reactions
The chemical reactions in the body that build up versus break…
catabolic reactions
break down large, complex molecules to provide energy and sma…
19 terms
Metabolism
Fluid Mosaic Model
Concentration Gradient
Diffusion
Osmosis
The currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
difference in concentration of a substance on two sides of a…
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to…
Diffusion of water
Fluid Mosaic Model
The currently accepted model of cell membrane structure, whic…
Concentration Gradient
difference in concentration of a substance on two sides of a…
Metabolism
Metabolism - overview
Metabolism
Metabolism - supplies needed
Role of cardiovascular system
Body stores energy reserves when nutrients are abundant. Body…
All chemical reactions that occur in an organism. Cells break…
Nutrients: amino acids, simple sugars - monosaccharides, lipi…
Carries these substances throughout the body, they diffuse fr…
Metabolism - overview
Body stores energy reserves when nutrients are abundant. Body…
Metabolism
All chemical reactions that occur in an organism. Cells break…
17 terms
Metabolism
Metabolism
Catabolism
Anabolism
Energy transfer
functions of food... source of energy... essential nutrients... stored…
catabolic reactions break down complex organic compounds... -pro…
anabolic reactions synthesize complex molecules ... requiring en…
energy is found in the bonds between atoms... -oxidation is a de…
Metabolism
functions of food... source of energy... essential nutrients... stored…
Catabolism
catabolic reactions break down complex organic compounds... -pro…
47 terms
Metabolism
Glycolysis
Fermentation
2,3-BPG
Regulation of glycolysis and gluconeog…
takes place in cytoplasm... 2ATP (net) , 2NADH, 2 Pyruvate... - 3 i…
anaerobic, pyruvate and pyruvic acid are the same thing
decreases Hb affinity to oxygen, binds B subunit... - good at hi…
glycolysis: generates ATP... gluconeogenesis: uses ATP ... - draw a…
Glycolysis
takes place in cytoplasm... 2ATP (net) , 2NADH, 2 Pyruvate... - 3 i…
Fermentation
anaerobic, pyruvate and pyruvic acid are the same thing
45 terms
Metabolism
Glycolysis
Glucose - ring
Glucose - straight
Glucose 6-P
Glycolysis
Glucose - ring
25 terms
Metabolism
Free energy
Activation energy
Enzyme
Active site
Energy that is available to do work
Energy needed to get a reaction started
Complex protein serving as a catalyst that changes the rate o…
Region of an enzyme into which a particular substrate fits
Free energy
Energy that is available to do work
Activation energy
Energy needed to get a reaction started
22 terms
Metabolism
metabolism
metabolic pathway
catabolic pathways
anabolic pathways
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
[breakdown pathways]... release energy by breaking down complex…
[biosynthetic pathways]... consume energy to build complicated m…
metabolism
the totality of an organism's chemical reactions
metabolic pathway
begins with a specific molecule, which is then altered in a s…
69 terms
Metabolism
anabolism definition
catabolic definition
metabolism
why atp is better for energy than c-c…
all of the synthesis reactions in an organism taken together
all of the decomposition reactions in an organism taken toget…
the sum of all the chemical reactions both anabolic and catab…
atp is useable while c-c bonds of glucose are not, c-c would…
anabolism definition
all of the synthesis reactions in an organism taken together
catabolic definition
all of the decomposition reactions in an organism taken toget…
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