Study sets matching "meteorology atmosphere"

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Study sets matching "meteorology atmosphere"

18 terms
Atmosphere - Meteorology
Weather satellites
weather maps
Doppler radar
forecast
satellites that help meteorologists predict weather and warn…
maps providing overall picture of weather activity across Ear…
tracking system that sends out pulses of radio waves to provi…
a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
Weather satellites
satellites that help meteorologists predict weather and warn…
weather maps
maps providing overall picture of weather activity across Ear…
Meteorology/Atmosphere
Alto
barometer
barometric pressure
cirrus cloud
prefix to indicate middle height clouds
an instrument used to measure air pressure
air pressure (high pressure is an area of high atmospheric pr…
a high, feathery cloud made of ice crystals
Alto
prefix to indicate middle height clouds
barometer
an instrument used to measure air pressure
42 terms
The Atmosphere and Meteorology
Humidity
Relative humidity
Condensation
Precipitation
Moisture in the air
The amount of moisture in the air compared to the amount of m…
Clouds form as a result of...
Water falling from the clouds as either a solid or a liquid
Humidity
Moisture in the air
Relative humidity
The amount of moisture in the air compared to the amount of m…
73 terms
Meteorology - The Atmosphere
What is the troposphere?
What is the stratosphere?
What is the ozone layer?
What are the holes in the ozone layer…
only layer with water vapor (only layer with water)
contains the ozone layer, causes temperature increase
absorbs UV light that would give us skin cancer
they are caused by CFCs (Chloro Fluro Carbons) and there are 2
What is the troposphere?
only layer with water vapor (only layer with water)
What is the stratosphere?
contains the ozone layer, causes temperature increase
53 terms
The Atmosphere and Meteorology
Humidity
Relative humidity
Condensation
Stratosphere
Moisture in the air
The amount of moisture in the air compared to the amount of m…
Clouds form as a result of...
What layer has the ozone layer in it?
Humidity
Moisture in the air
Relative humidity
The amount of moisture in the air compared to the amount of m…
Meteorology Atmosphere
Troposphere
Magentosphere
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Weather Happens Here
A layer, in space, around an object
Made of 78 percent _______
Made of 21 percent_______
Troposphere
Weather Happens Here
Magentosphere
A layer, in space, around an object
17 terms
Meteorology - Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Thermosphere
Layer of atmosphere where all weather takes place
Layer of atmosphere containing ozone layer
Layer of atmosphere where meteors start to disintegrate
Layer of atmosphere with high temperature but low heat
Troposphere
Layer of atmosphere where all weather takes place
Stratosphere
Layer of atmosphere containing ozone layer
Atmosphere- Meteorology
Weather satellites
weather maps
Doppler radar
Forecast
satellites that help meteorologists study weather patterns ar…
maps providing overall picture of weather activity across Ear…
tracking system that sends out pulses of radio waves to provi…
a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
Weather satellites
satellites that help meteorologists study weather patterns ar…
weather maps
maps providing overall picture of weather activity across Ear…
10 terms
Atmosphere- Meteorology
Weather satellites
weather maps
Doppler radar
Forecast
satellites that help meteorologists study weather patterns ar…
maps providing overall picture of weather activity across Ear…
tracking system that sends out pulses of radio waves to provi…
a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
Weather satellites
satellites that help meteorologists study weather patterns ar…
weather maps
maps providing overall picture of weather activity across Ear…
34 terms
Atmosphere and Meteorology
nitrogen
greenhouse
mesosphere
stratosphere
The most common gas in the atmosphere
Elevated levels of carbon dioxide is the main cause of the __…
60 km above Earth's surface would put you in the _________.
The layer of the atmosphere where ozone is the most dense is…
nitrogen
The most common gas in the atmosphere
greenhouse
Elevated levels of carbon dioxide is the main cause of the __…
47 terms
Atmosphere and Meteorology
Nitrogen
Oxygen
Variable gases
Layers of the Atmosphere
78% of the atmosphere is composed of Nitrogen.
21% of the atmosphere is composed of Oxygen.
Atmospheric gases such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, methan…
The Layers of the Atmosphere are Troposphere, Stratosphere, M…
Nitrogen
78% of the atmosphere is composed of Nitrogen.
Oxygen
21% of the atmosphere is composed of Oxygen.
24 terms
The Atmosphere (Meteorology)
What are some characteristics of a hig…
What are some characteristics of a low…
What are some characteristics of a war…
What are some characteristics of a col…
-Clockwise spin... -Nice weather... -Anticyclone... -Fast moving ... -Ris…
-Counterclockwise spin... -Stormy weather... -Cyclone... -Slow moving…
-Warmer temperatures... -Warm air rising over cold air
-Colder temperatures... -Cold air forcing warm air to rise
What are some characteristics of a hig…
-Clockwise spin... -Nice weather... -Anticyclone... -Fast moving ... -Ris…
What are some characteristics of a low…
-Counterclockwise spin... -Stormy weather... -Cyclone... -Slow moving…
18 terms
Meteorology/Atmosphere
Meteorology
Weather
Climate
Water Cycle
The study of the atmosphere. Forecasting the weather and unde…
condition of the atmosphere at any given time. Occurs in the…
The average weather for an area over time. It's dependent on…
Uses all 3 states of water. Precipitation, canopy interceptio…
Meteorology
The study of the atmosphere. Forecasting the weather and unde…
Weather
condition of the atmosphere at any given time. Occurs in the…
Atmosphere/Meteorology
Atmosphere
Methane and Ammonia
Sunlight
Oxygen
is the envelope of gas that surrounds the Earth which is held…
Four billion years ago the Earth's atmosphere contained two d…
3.8 billion years ago the ancient atmosphere changed because…
started to form and this was very important because ozone abs…
Atmosphere
is the envelope of gas that surrounds the Earth which is held…
Methane and Ammonia
Four billion years ago the Earth's atmosphere contained two d…
25 terms
Meteorology-Atmosphere
Air pollution
Fossil Fuels
Primary
Secondary
is defined as anything that is small enough to be carried in…
The most common contributor to air pollution is burning of
Pollutants that are placed into the air straight from the sou…
Pollutants that are formed when reactions take place between…
Air pollution
is defined as anything that is small enough to be carried in…
Fossil Fuels
The most common contributor to air pollution is burning of
Meteorology-atmosphere
Six pollutants
What the atmosphere is consisted of
How ground level ozone is created
Ground level ozone cause
Ozone, Particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, lead, Nitrogen oxi…
78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, .9% argon, .03% carbon dioxide
created by chemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen (NOx…
Emissions from industrial facilities and electric utilities,…
Six pollutants
Ozone, Particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, lead, Nitrogen oxi…
What the atmosphere is consisted of
78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, .9% argon, .03% carbon dioxide
45 terms
Atmosphere & Meteorology
Heat
Temperature
Conduction
Convection
the quality of being hot; high temperature
a degree or intensity of heat present in an object usually sh…
transfer of heat from one object to another through touch
transfer of heat from place to another through circulation.
Heat
the quality of being hot; high temperature
Temperature
a degree or intensity of heat present in an object usually sh…
Atmosphere/ Meteorology
Atmosphere
Composed of?
How much Nitrogen is i the air?
How much Oxygen is in the air?
the mass of air surrounding the Earth
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other gases such as carbon dioxide, wat…
78%
21%
Atmosphere
the mass of air surrounding the Earth
Composed of?
Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other gases such as carbon dioxide, wat…
Meteorology- Atmosphere
Exosphere
Thermosphere
Mesosphere
Stratosphere
Highest/Escaping
Second Highest/Tried
Third Highest/Mouse
Fourth Highest/Silly
Exosphere
Highest/Escaping
Thermosphere
Second Highest/Tried
10 terms
Meteorology: Atmosphere
What is the atmosphere made up of?
What are the layers (in order) of the…
In which layer is the thickness of the…
Which layer is clear and dry?
78% Nitrogen... 21% Oxygen... not even 1% Argon and Carbon Dioxide
- Troposphere... - Stratosphere... - Mesosphere... - Thermosphere... - Io…
Troposphere
Stratosphere
What is the atmosphere made up of?
78% Nitrogen... 21% Oxygen... not even 1% Argon and Carbon Dioxide
What are the layers (in order) of the…
- Troposphere... - Stratosphere... - Mesosphere... - Thermosphere... - Io…
15 terms
Meteorology-The Atmosphere
air pollutant
conduction
convection
heat
any airborne gas or particle that occurs at a concentration c…
transfer of heat energy through collisions of the atoms or mo…
transfer of heat energy in a liquid or gas through the motion…
total kinetic energy of all of the particles of the substance
air pollutant
any airborne gas or particle that occurs at a concentration c…
conduction
transfer of heat energy through collisions of the atoms or mo…
67 terms
The Atmosphere and Meteorology
Cumulonimbus
Sleet
Hot air ______ as it warms up
Cold air _________ as it cools down
Type of cloud in which thunderstorms occur
Precipitation that melts, and refreezes BEFORE it reaches the…
Expands
Contracts
Cumulonimbus
Type of cloud in which thunderstorms occur
Sleet
Precipitation that melts, and refreezes BEFORE it reaches the…
40 terms
The Atmosphere and Meteorology
Nitrogen and Oxygen
The Ozone Layer
Troposphere
Troposphere
These two elements make up 99% of our Earths atmosphere... .
Found in the Stratosphere, and is made up of and oxygen eleme…
The layer of our atmosphere that is closest to our Earth.
The layer of the atmosphere that contains most of the mass of…
Nitrogen and Oxygen
These two elements make up 99% of our Earths atmosphere... .
The Ozone Layer
Found in the Stratosphere, and is made up of and oxygen eleme…
Meteorology: The atmosphere
78 nitrogen... 21 oxygen... argon CO2 water…
Water
Mobility ... Expansion ... Compression
expansion
Gasses of air
Most important gas in relation to weather
Properties of the atmosphere
Most important property of the atmospere
78 nitrogen... 21 oxygen... argon CO2 water…
Gasses of air
Water
Most important gas in relation to weather
18 terms
Atmosphere and Meteorology
sea breeze
jet stream
condensation
dew point
movement of air masses from sea to land
narrow belt of strong winds that blows near the top of the tr…
process in which water vapor changes to liquid
temperature at which air with a given amount of moisture will…
sea breeze
movement of air masses from sea to land
jet stream
narrow belt of strong winds that blows near the top of the tr…
34 terms
Meteorology: The Atmosphere
What is the troposphere?
What is the stratosphere?
What is the mesosphere?
What is the thermosphere?
The troposphere is the first layer of the atmosphere. It's th…
The stratosphere is the second layer of the atmosphere. It co…
The mesosphere is the third layer of the atmosphere. It break…
The thermosphere is the last layer of the atmosphere. It's di…
What is the troposphere?
The troposphere is the first layer of the atmosphere. It's th…
What is the stratosphere?
The stratosphere is the second layer of the atmosphere. It co…
14 terms
Meteorology Atmosphere
Aerovane
Aneroid barometer
Anticyclone
Anticyclonic flow
A device that resembles a wind vane with a propeller at one e…
An instrument for measuring air pressure, it consists of evac…
An Area of high atmospheric pressure characterized by divergi…
Winds blow out and flow clockwise about an anticyclone on the…
Aerovane
A device that resembles a wind vane with a propeller at one e…
Aneroid barometer
An instrument for measuring air pressure, it consists of evac…
30 terms
Meteorology Unit 1: Atmosphere
troposphere
Doldrums
ozone layer
Trade Winds
the lowest layer of the atmosphere
the dead, windless zone nearest the Equator
the layer of the atmosphere that traps UV radiation
winds that blow to the west and guided early sailors
troposphere
the lowest layer of the atmosphere
Doldrums
the dead, windless zone nearest the Equator
15 terms
Atmosphere and meteorology
As temperature increases, capacity ___…
90% of the gases in the atmosphere are…
Air pressure_________ with altitude
Temperature _____________ with altitud…
Increases
Troposphere
Decreases
Decreases
As temperature increases, capacity ___…
Increases
90% of the gases in the atmosphere are…
Troposphere
18 terms
Meteorology: The Atmosphere
Explain the evolution of Earth's atmos…
4 gases and their % in our modern atmo…
4 main layers of the atmosphere and im…
Locate the ionosphere and what it does
earliest atmosphere was hydrogen and helium; its escaped into…
78% nitrogen... 21% oxygen... 1% argon... 0.04% CO2
Troposphere - weather and greenhouse effect... Stratosphere - oz…
sublayer where magnetic field overlaps the atmosphere; reflec…
Explain the evolution of Earth's atmos…
earliest atmosphere was hydrogen and helium; its escaped into…
4 gases and their % in our modern atmo…
78% nitrogen... 21% oxygen... 1% argon... 0.04% CO2
23 terms
Meteorology Atmosphere Test Review
Dew Point
Relative Humidity
Leeward Side
Windward Side
The temperature at which relative humidity is 100% and water…
The percentage of water vapor in the air compared to the maxi…
This side of the mountain is warmer and drier because of the…
This side of the mountain is cooler and wetter because of the…
Dew Point
The temperature at which relative humidity is 100% and water…
Relative Humidity
The percentage of water vapor in the air compared to the maxi…
27 terms
Atmosphere/Meteorology Test Review
conduction
Heat
wind
troposphere
The transfer of thermal energy by direct contact. Example - A…
_______ is transferred in three ways in the atmosphere, radia…
The whole atmosphere was the same temperature, there would be…
Weather occurs in this layer of the atmosphere.
conduction
The transfer of thermal energy by direct contact. Example - A…
Heat
_______ is transferred in three ways in the atmosphere, radia…
6 terms
Meteorology Layers of Atmosphere
weather
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
What happens in the atmosphere with water, wind, clouds and t…
We live in this, FIRST, layer of the atmosphere.
Layer two of the atmosphere. It has ozone that protects us fr…
Layer three of the atmosphere. Meteors burn here.
weather
What happens in the atmosphere with water, wind, clouds and t…
Troposphere
We live in this, FIRST, layer of the atmosphere.
40 terms
7-Atmosphere: Meteorology
Weather
Temperature
Dew Point
Relative humidity
Day to day changes in the air and temperature.
A measure of the average energy of random motion of the parti…
The temperature at which condensation begins.
The amount of water vapor in the air at any given time is usu…
Weather
Day to day changes in the air and temperature.
Temperature
A measure of the average energy of random motion of the parti…
7 terms
Meteorology - Atmosphere in Motion
Air Pressure
Isobar
High Pressure
Low Pressure
the pressure exerted by the weight of air in the atmosphere o…
a line connecting points of equal atmospheric pressure.
is a region where the atmospheric pressure at the surface of…
is a region where the atmospheric pressure is lower than that…
Air Pressure
the pressure exerted by the weight of air in the atmosphere o…
Isobar
a line connecting points of equal atmospheric pressure.
60 terms
SO Meteorology (Weather and Atmosphere)
mesosphere
auroras
thermosphere
convection
The middle layer and the coldest layer of the atmosphere
Bright displays in the sky in polar regions of Earth when cha…
The uppermost layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature i…
The transfer of thermal energy by the circulation or movement…
mesosphere
The middle layer and the coldest layer of the atmosphere
auroras
Bright displays in the sky in polar regions of Earth when cha…
15 terms
Meteorology - layers of the atmosphere & instraments
Meteorology
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesophere
is the study of the atmosphere.
is the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere and site of all wea…
is the 2nd major layer of Earth's atmosphere. It contains ozo…
the 3rd layer of the earth's atmosphere above the stratospher…
Meteorology
is the study of the atmosphere.
Troposphere
is the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere and site of all wea…
19 terms
Meteorology: Water in Atmosphere
Freezing
Melting
Condensation
Evaporation
The change of state from a liquid to a solid
The change in state from a solid to a liquid
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
The change of state from a liquid to a gas
Freezing
The change of state from a liquid to a solid
Melting
The change in state from a solid to a liquid
9 terms
Meteorology, Atmosphere Layers!
Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
The __________ is divided into layers according to major chan…
0 to 12 km - Contains 75% of the gases in the atmosphere. Thi…
Stratosphere - 12 to 50 km - in the lower part of the stratos…
50 to 80 km - in the lower part of the stratosphere. The temp…
Atmosphere
The __________ is divided into layers according to major chan…
Troposphere
0 to 12 km - Contains 75% of the gases in the atmosphere. Thi…
23 terms
Atmosphere, Climate, & Meteorology
conduction
convection
ozone
radiation
Heat transfer by direct contact
Process by which, in a fluid being heated, the warmer part of…
A gas that absorbs ultraviolet solar radiation, found in the…
Heat transferred from one object through space/atmosphere to…
conduction
Heat transfer by direct contact
convection
Process by which, in a fluid being heated, the warmer part of…
25 terms
Meteorology -atmosphere (heat )
ozone
troposphere
stratosphere
mesosphere
atmospheric gas (O3) that absorbs ultraviolet radiation, shie…
the layer closest to Earth, where almost all weather occurs;…
The layer of the atmosphere that lies between the troposphere…
coldest layer of atmosphere, between stratosphere and thermos…
ozone
atmospheric gas (O3) that absorbs ultraviolet radiation, shie…
troposphere
the layer closest to Earth, where almost all weather occurs;…
15 terms
SMS Atmosphere & Meteorology
Weather
Climate
Cyanobacteria
Troposphere
Day-to-day changes in atmospheric conditions.
Typical weather patterns for a certain location over many yea…
Blue green algae; a simple photosynthetic life form that help…
The layer of the atmosphere closest to the earth's surface.
Weather
Day-to-day changes in atmospheric conditions.
Climate
Typical weather patterns for a certain location over many yea…
Meteorology -atmosphere (heat )
ozone
troposphere
stratosphere
mesosphere
atmospheric gas (O3) that absorbs ultraviolet radiation, shie…
the layer closest to Earth, where almost all weather occurs;…
The layer of the atmosphere that lies between the troposphere…
coldest layer of atmosphere, between stratosphere and thermos…
ozone
atmospheric gas (O3) that absorbs ultraviolet radiation, shie…
troposphere
the layer closest to Earth, where almost all weather occurs;…
19 terms
Meteorology (Ch. 14 The Atmosphere)
Atmosphere
Air pressure
Troposphere
Stratosphere
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon
A measure of the force with which air molecules push on a sur…
The lowest layer of the atmosphere, in which temperature decr…
The layer of the atmosphere that is above the troposphere and…
Atmosphere
A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon
Air pressure
A measure of the force with which air molecules push on a sur…
43 terms
Meteorology: Structure of the Atmosphere
Troposphere
Stratosphere
Ozone Layer
Mesosphere
weather occurs... Oxygen and nitrogen... 75% of atmosphere(most den…
ozone layer... less water vapor... absorbs solar energy... air is 1000…
A layer of oxygen atoms (O3 - 3 atoms) in the stratosphere, w…
lack of ozone... the thermosphere isn't dense enough for the the…
Troposphere
weather occurs... Oxygen and nitrogen... 75% of atmosphere(most den…
Stratosphere
ozone layer... less water vapor... absorbs solar energy... air is 1000…
86 terms
Meteorology - Water in the Atmosphere
How much of the Earth is covered by wa…
How much of the water is salt water (o…
How much of the water is fresh water?
How much of the fresh water is frozen?
71%
97%
3%
2% (frozen in glaciers and icebergs)
How much of the Earth is covered by wa…
71%
How much of the water is salt water (o…
97%
12 terms
Meteorology Atmosphere Test Review
Dew Point
Relative Humidity
Leeward Side
Windward Side
The temperature at which relative humidity is 100% and water…
The percentage of water vapor in the air compared to the maxi…
This side of the mountain is warmer and drier because of the…
This side of the mountain is cooler and wetter because of the…
Dew Point
The temperature at which relative humidity is 100% and water…
Relative Humidity
The percentage of water vapor in the air compared to the maxi…
40 terms
Final Review: Meteorology and Atmosphere
radiation
Koppen Climate Classification
temperate climate
tropical climate
the direct transfer of energy through space by electromagneti…
a system for classifying climates that is based on mean month…
a mild climate between tropical and subarctic climates.
a type of climate found in the areas just north or south of t…
radiation
the direct transfer of energy through space by electromagneti…
Koppen Climate Classification
a system for classifying climates that is based on mean month…
Meteorology-water in the atmosphere
Freezing
Melting
Condensation
Evaportation
The phase change from liquid to solid.
The phase change from solid to liquid
The phase change from gas to liquid
The phase change from liquid to gas
Freezing
The phase change from liquid to solid.
Melting
The phase change from solid to liquid
22 terms
Atmosphere Meteorology Chapter 7
Microscale winds
Mesoscale winds
Local winds
Macroscale winds
Small, often chaotic winds that normally lasts for seconds
Lasts for several minutes and may last for hours, include str…
Mesoscale winds
Divided into two categories: planetary scale and synoptic sca…
Microscale winds
Small, often chaotic winds that normally lasts for seconds
Mesoscale winds
Lasts for several minutes and may last for hours, include str…
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