Study sets matching "meteorology flow"

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Study sets matching "meteorology flow"

34 terms
Meteorology
Atmosphere
Air density
Air pressure
Altitude
An envelope of gaseous mass surrounding a celestial body
The amount of air molecules per volume. How tightly packed th…
Force applied by the air density in a given area
Height above sea level
Atmosphere
An envelope of gaseous mass surrounding a celestial body
Air density
The amount of air molecules per volume. How tightly packed th…
21 terms
Meteorology Chapter 6
aerovane
air pressure
barometer
anticyclone
a device like a wind mill to detect wind speed and direction
the force exerted by the weight of a column of air above a gi…
is an instrument used to measure atmospheric pressure
is a weather phenomenon in which there is a descending moveme…
aerovane
a device like a wind mill to detect wind speed and direction
air pressure
the force exerted by the weight of a column of air above a gi…
24 terms
Meteorology Chapter 4
adiabatic temperature
condensation
convergence
deposition
the cooling or warming of air caused when air is allowed to e…
when water vapor turns into liquid water.
when two air masses meet and the force moves them vertically.
the process of gas transformation into solid
adiabatic temperature
the cooling or warming of air caused when air is allowed to e…
condensation
when water vapor turns into liquid water.
20 terms
Meteorology
Atmosphere
troposphere
Ozone layer
Ultraviolet Radiation
All the gas that surrounds the Earth.
The lowest layer of the Atmosphere. This is where all the Ear…
Layer of gas in the stratosphere that reflects ultraviolet ra…
A form of energy that comes from the sun.
Atmosphere
All the gas that surrounds the Earth.
troposphere
The lowest layer of the Atmosphere. This is where all the Ear…
meteorology
weather
climate
temperature
relative humidity
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
A measure of how fast the particles in an object are moving
The amount of water vapor in the air at any given time is usu…
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
climate
The average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
Meteorology Terms
Weather
Atmosphere
Composition of the Atmosphere
Water Vapor
the state of the atmosphere at a given time and place
the gaseous portion of a planet
78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 1% other gases
most important gas for the atmosphere
Weather
the state of the atmosphere at a given time and place
Atmosphere
the gaseous portion of a planet
20 terms
Meteorology Set 1
Argon
Atmosphere
Atmospheric Pressure
Carbon Dioxide
Permanent gas in the atmosphere - makes up 0.9%
Thin layers of gases that surrounds the planet and makes cond…
The force exerted by the gases pushing on an area or surface.
A Greenhouse gas that traps heat in the Troposphere. Plants m…
Argon
Permanent gas in the atmosphere - makes up 0.9%
Atmosphere
Thin layers of gases that surrounds the planet and makes cond…
Meteorology Unit Part 1
climate
weather
air pressure
barometer
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The pressure caused by the weight of a column of air pushing…
An instrument used to measure changes in air pressure
climate
Overall weather in an area over a long period of time
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
Meteorology Unit Vocabulary
ozone
troposphere
stratosphere
mesosphere
form of oxygen that combines three oxygen atoms forming O3; t…
lowest atmospheric layer on Earth; all weather phenomenon occ…
(20-50km) layer above the troposphere; contains the ozone layer
middle layer of the atmosphere; meteors form here
ozone
form of oxygen that combines three oxygen atoms forming O3; t…
troposphere
lowest atmospheric layer on Earth; all weather phenomenon occ…
Meteorology Unit Vocabulary
Meteorology
Atmosphere
Air Pressure
Wind
the study of Earth's atmosphere and weather
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth - it holds in the…
the measure of the force with which air molecules push on a s…
the movement of air from an area of high pressure to low pres…
Meteorology
the study of Earth's atmosphere and weather
Atmosphere
a mixture of gases that surround the Earth - it holds in the…
25 terms
Meteorology
Unit used to measure temperature
fog
condensation nuclei
cirro-
degrees Celsius
A cloud very near the surface of the Earth.
Small particles in the atmosphere around which cloud droplets…
High altitude, wispy clouds.
Unit used to measure temperature
degrees Celsius
fog
A cloud very near the surface of the Earth.
Meteorology test 3
What year did the Storm of the Century…
What is the primary weather producer i…
boundary surfaces that sparate air mas…
Can a front form between any two contr…
1993
midlatitude cyclone
front
yes
What year did the Storm of the Century…
1993
What is the primary weather producer i…
midlatitude cyclone
24 terms
Meteorology
Coriolis effect
jet stream
land breeze
sea breeze
the curving of the path of the winds and ocean currents due t…
a narrow band of strong wind that blows near the top of the t…
cool air that moves from an area of high pressure over land t…
cool air that flows from an area of high pressure over the oc…
Coriolis effect
the curving of the path of the winds and ocean currents due t…
jet stream
a narrow band of strong wind that blows near the top of the t…
61 terms
Meteorology Exam 3
Air Pressure
Ideal Gas Law
high pressure
low pressure
The mass of air above a given level
Pressure = Temperature x Density x Contant
Warm air aloft is associated with?
cold air aloft is associated with?
Air Pressure
The mass of air above a given level
Ideal Gas Law
Pressure = Temperature x Density x Contant
28 terms
Meteorology
Tropopasuse
Stratosphere
Mesosphere
Thermoshpere
Part of the atmosphere where weather is.
Second layer of the atmosphere : has ozone layer
Middle layer of atmosphere
Temperature increase with altitude in this layer of atmosphere.
Tropopasuse
Part of the atmosphere where weather is.
Stratosphere
Second layer of the atmosphere : has ozone layer
40 terms
Meteorology Test
Name 3 ways that heat is transferred:
Which method of heat transfer carries…
Which method of heat transfer involves…
What is convection?
1. Conduction... 2. Convection... 3. Radiation
Radiation
Conduction
Movement of heated particles up while cooled particles move d…
Name 3 ways that heat is transferred:
1. Conduction... 2. Convection... 3. Radiation
Which method of heat transfer carries…
Radiation
Meteorology Exam 3
Tightly packed isobars on a weather ma…
The atmospheric layer that is influenc…
​The Coriolis force is the force that…
Flights from San Francisco to New York…
High Winds
Planetary boundary
False
True
Tightly packed isobars on a weather ma…
High Winds
The atmospheric layer that is influenc…
Planetary boundary
33 terms
Meteorology
atmosphere
cumulus cloud
tornado
weather map
mass of air surrounding the earth, like a blanket
a cloud with a flattened base, but puffed appearance, fair we…
very fast spiraling wind caused by temperature drop which for…
shows the principal weather conditions in a region
atmosphere
mass of air surrounding the earth, like a blanket
cumulus cloud
a cloud with a flattened base, but puffed appearance, fair we…
135 terms
HRA Science Olympiad Meteorology
air mass
continental polar (cP)
microburst
continental tropical (cT)
a huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, an…
cold, dry stable air mass that forms over land
sudden downward burst of wind from the base of a thunderstorm…
unstable, warm, dry air mass that forms over land... Winter -war…
air mass
a huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, an…
continental polar (cP)
cold, dry stable air mass that forms over land
23 terms
Meteorology
Thermometer
Sling Pyschrometer
Barometer
Rain Gauge
An instrument used to measure temperature
Used to measure Dry Bulb (Temp) and Wet Bulb (Temp) to find R…
An instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
An instrument used to measure precipitation.
Thermometer
An instrument used to measure temperature
Sling Pyschrometer
Used to measure Dry Bulb (Temp) and Wet Bulb (Temp) to find R…
32 terms
Meteorology Ch2 Book Notes
Two principle motions of Earth
Rotation
Revolution
perihelion
Rotation and Revolution
spinning of Earth on its axis that produces the daily cycle o…
Earth's movement in a slightly elliptical orbit around the sun.
our planet closer to the sun than at any other time, January…
Two principle motions of Earth
Rotation and Revolution
Rotation
spinning of Earth on its axis that produces the daily cycle o…
Meteorology test 2
cirrus clouds
cumulus clouds
stratus clouds
high clouds
are high, white, and thin, form delicate veil-like patches or…
consist of globular cloud masses that are described as cotton…
sheets or layers that cover much or most of the sky, close to…
cirrus, cirrostratus, cirrcoumulus, 6,000 m or above
cirrus clouds
are high, white, and thin, form delicate veil-like patches or…
cumulus clouds
consist of globular cloud masses that are described as cotton…
37 terms
Meteorology
meteorology
troposphere
Tropopause
stratosphere
the study of Earths atmosphere
the lowest layer of the atmosphere, where we live, and where…
the top of the troposphere, 4-10 miles up.
cold, clear and dry. Where jets fly
meteorology
the study of Earths atmosphere
troposphere
the lowest layer of the atmosphere, where we live, and where…
50 terms
Meteorology Review
The primary source of moisture for the…
Most weather occurs in what layer of t…
When isobars are far apart on a weathe…
On the windward side of a mountain , t…
Ocean
troposphere
a gradual wind
cool by expansion
The primary source of moisture for the…
Ocean
Most weather occurs in what layer of t…
troposphere
21 terms
Meteorology Vocabulary List
weather
barometer
condensation
microclimate
Current state of the atmosphere, including short-term variati…
Weather instrument used to measure air pressure.
Process by which a cooling gas changes into a liquid and rele…
Localized climate that differs from the surrounding regional…
weather
Current state of the atmosphere, including short-term variati…
barometer
Weather instrument used to measure air pressure.
22 terms
Meteorology Vocab. Review
Air Mass
Air Pressure
Anemometer
Barometer
large body of air that is characterized by similar temperatur…
force of column of air above a given point
measures wind speed
measures atmospheric pressure
Air Mass
large body of air that is characterized by similar temperatur…
Air Pressure
force of column of air above a given point
Meteorology
Absolute stability
Convergence
Deposition
Dew point
Air that is forced to rise and is cooler than the surrounding…
Air near the ground flows together and rises
A phase change from vapor directly to a solid
Temp to which air would be cooled to reach saturation
Absolute stability
Air that is forced to rise and is cooler than the surrounding…
Convergence
Air near the ground flows together and rises
94 terms
Science Olympiad Meteorology Severe Storms Vocab
Advisory
Anemometer
Anticyclone
Atmosphere
A forecast issued by the National Weather Service to highligh…
A weather instrument that measures the wind speed.
A high-pressure system that moves in a clockwise motion. Thes…
A layer of gases surrounding a planet.It's divided into five…
Advisory
A forecast issued by the National Weather Service to highligh…
Anemometer
A weather instrument that measures the wind speed.
Meteorology Terms Part Five
Water Cycle
Surface Runoff
Ground Water
Evaportation
Ongoing movement of water between hydrosphere, lithosphere, &…
Precipitation flowing downhill over land, to streams and rive…
Unlike water you can see on Earth's surface in streams and la…
Process of liquid changing to vapor.
Water Cycle
Ongoing movement of water between hydrosphere, lithosphere, &…
Surface Runoff
Precipitation flowing downhill over land, to streams and rive…
Meteorology Today Ch.5
Dew
Frost
Fog Formed by cooling
Radiation fog
condensation of water vapor on objects near ground formed by…
ice crystals formed by deposition where water vapor turns int…
Radiation fog, Advection fog, Upslope (Orographic) fog
Fog formed by radiational cooling on clear nights, and create…
Dew
condensation of water vapor on objects near ground formed by…
Frost
ice crystals formed by deposition where water vapor turns int…
25 terms
meteorology
weather
climate
temperature
relative humidity
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
The average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
A measure of how fast the particles in an object are moving
The amount of water vapor in the air at any given time is usu…
weather
The condition of Earth's atmosphere at a particular time and…
climate
The average weather conditions in an area over a long period…
16 terms
Meteorology
Front
Pressure Center
Trade Winds
Thermometer
Boundary between two air masses of differing densities.
An area of earth's atmosphere with high or low pressure that…
Global wind systems that move westerly and flow near the equa…
Instrument used to measure temperature
Front
Boundary between two air masses of differing densities.
Pressure Center
An area of earth's atmosphere with high or low pressure that…
29 terms
Meteorology Chapter 6
Air Pressure
Barometer
Mercury Barometer
Height and Pressure
The weight of the column of air over an area
Tool for measuring pressure
First scientific way of measuring air pressure. (Pressure inc…
Pressure will stay uniform with the elevation changes
Air Pressure
The weight of the column of air over an area
Barometer
Tool for measuring pressure
39 terms
Meteorology
What is weather?
List weather variables
In what layer of the atmosphere does m…
What is insolation?
the state or condition of the variables of the atmosphere at…
temperature... pressure... moisture... wind
troposphere because most water vapor in the atmosphere is fou…
incoming solar radiation ( energy for from the sun.)
What is weather?
the state or condition of the variables of the atmosphere at…
List weather variables
temperature... pressure... moisture... wind
111 terms
Meteorology
Weather
Atmosphere
Atmospheric Composistion
Water Vapor
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place
Gaseous portion of a planet
78% Nitrogen... 21% Oxygen... 1% Other Gases
Important gas for process ... Source of all clouds and precipita…
Weather
State of the atmosphere at a given time and place
Atmosphere
Gaseous portion of a planet
16 terms
meteorology chapter 11
Streamlines
Topical Wave
Easterly wave
Hurricane
Depict wind flow on a weather map
A weak trough of low pressure
moves east to west
intense storm of tropical origin, with sustained winds exceed…
Streamlines
Depict wind flow on a weather map
Topical Wave
A weak trough of low pressure
51 terms
Meteorology chapter 9
Coriolis effect
Atmospherics planetary circulation -No…
Atmospherics planetary circulation -So…
Convergent
Forces air parcels to the right in the Northern Hemisphere an…
Avg surface winds are from the northeast between the equator…
Average surface winds are from the southeast between the equa…
Leads to rising air, expansional cooling, cloud development a…
Coriolis effect
Forces air parcels to the right in the Northern Hemisphere an…
Atmospherics planetary circulation -No…
Avg surface winds are from the northeast between the equator…
24 terms
Meteorology
Coriolis effect
jet stream
land breeze
sea breeze
the curving of the path of the winds and ocean currents due t…
a narrow Stream band of strong wind that blows near the top o…
Breeze of air that moves from an area of high pressure over l…
cool air that flows from an area of high pressure over the oc…
Coriolis effect
the curving of the path of the winds and ocean currents due t…
jet stream
a narrow Stream band of strong wind that blows near the top o…
24 terms
Meteorology
Coriolis effect
jet stream
land breeze
sea breeze
the curving of the path of the winds and ocean currents due t…
a narrow band of strong wind that blows near the top of the t…
cool air that moves from an area of high pressure over land t…
cool air that flows from an area of high pressure over the oc…
Coriolis effect
the curving of the path of the winds and ocean currents due t…
jet stream
a narrow band of strong wind that blows near the top of the t…
24 terms
Meteorology
Coriolis effect
jet stream
land breeze
sea breeze
the curving of the path of the winds and ocean cuurrents due…
a narrow Stream band of strong wind that blows near the top o…
Breeze of air that moves from an area of high pressure over l…
cool air that flows from an area of high pressure over the oc…
Coriolis effect
the curving of the path of the winds and ocean cuurrents due…
jet stream
a narrow Stream band of strong wind that blows near the top o…
71 terms
Meteorology
Hydrosphere
Evaporation
Transpiration
Condensation
All water on earth's surface
Water from earth's surface that changes into vapor
Moisture carried through plants and evaporates
Water vapor cools water droplets forms clouds
Hydrosphere
All water on earth's surface
Evaporation
Water from earth's surface that changes into vapor
meteorology part 2
cold wave
cold wave formation
cold wave warning
cold wave adviory
an influx of unusually cold air into the middle and lower lat…
1. surface high pressure (anticyclone)... 2. long polar nights (…
life threatening for someone not prepared for the cold
dangerous for long exposure times to the cold
cold wave
an influx of unusually cold air into the middle and lower lat…
cold wave formation
1. surface high pressure (anticyclone)... 2. long polar nights (…
meteorology
Air Mass
Climate
Weather
Coriolis Effect
A large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the…
Average weather of a particular area over a long period of ti…
Current state of the atmosphere
deflects moving particles to the right above the equator and…
Air Mass
A large body of air that takes on the characteristics of the…
Climate
Average weather of a particular area over a long period of ti…
34 terms
Meteorology
air masses
fronts
cyclones
anticyclones
A huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, an…
Boundaries between air masses.... The boundary between two air m…
a violent, rotating wind storm
high pressure centers of dry air
air masses
A huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, an…
fronts
Boundaries between air masses.... The boundary between two air m…
95 terms
Meteorology
Adiabatic Process
Air Mass
Air Pressure
Albedo
Process that takes place without transfer of heat between sys…
A large body of air that has similar characteristics througho…
Pressure exerted by a mass of air at a given point
Percent of radiation being reflected by substance
Adiabatic Process
Process that takes place without transfer of heat between sys…
Air Mass
A large body of air that has similar characteristics througho…
30 terms
Meteorology Everyday Weather: Weather Conditions and Descriptors
Advection Fog
Blizzard
Blowing
Blustery or Breezy or Brisk
Fog that forms as warmer, moist air moves over a cold ground.…
A winter storm which produces the following conditions for at…
A descriptor used to amplify observed weather phenomena (dust…
15 to 25 mph winds.
Advection Fog
Fog that forms as warmer, moist air moves over a cold ground.…
Blizzard
A winter storm which produces the following conditions for at…
Meteorology
What hemispheres are we in?
What is Isoplething
Albedo
Permanent Gases
North and West
A way to sort data and find max & mins in certain areas, also…
Way to measure solar radiation reflectivity or absorption, sc…
Nitrogen... Oxygen... Argon
What hemispheres are we in?
North and West
What is Isoplething
A way to sort data and find max & mins in certain areas, also…
Meteorology Exam 2 SMU
Hydrologic cycle
Water State Changes
Change in Temperature
Water SH?
Evaporation, Precipitation, Infiltration, Runoff
Melting, Evaporation, Condensation, Freezing, Sublimation, De…
Q/(MxSH)
SH of 1
Hydrologic cycle
Evaporation, Precipitation, Infiltration, Runoff
Water State Changes
Melting, Evaporation, Condensation, Freezing, Sublimation, De…
95 terms
Meteorology chapter 10
Thunderstorms
Average thunderstorms
Severe Thunderstorms
Flash floods
Storms produced by a cumulonimbus cloud and is always accompa…
<45 minutes... 1/2 inch of rain
Winds >/= 57 mph... Hail >/= 1" diameter... Tornadoes
Lasts 2-4 hours... 3-5" rain
Thunderstorms
Storms produced by a cumulonimbus cloud and is always accompa…
Average thunderstorms
<45 minutes... 1/2 inch of rain
Meteorology
Air Mass
Air Pressure
Atmosphere
Barometer
A large body of air that has similar horizontal temperature a…
The force of the atmosphere on its surroundings.
The mass of air surrounding Earth.
An instrument used to measure air pressure.
Air Mass
A large body of air that has similar horizontal temperature a…
Air Pressure
The force of the atmosphere on its surroundings.
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