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Study sets matching "method of argument"

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Study sets matching "method of argument"

13 terms
Argument- Method of Argument
Front of Card: Yvette responds to Xavi…
Front of Card: Carla does which one of…
Front of Card: Aiesha responds to Adam…
Front of Card: Ruth uses which one of…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
Front of Card: Yvette responds to Xavi…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
Front of Card: Carla does which one of…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
8 terms
Methods of argument
Analogy
Example
Counter examples
Appeal to authority
In which an aithor draws parallels between two unrelated (but…
In which an author cites specific cases in order to justify a…
In which an author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument…
In which an author cites an expert or another figure as suppo…
Analogy
In which an aithor draws parallels between two unrelated (but…
Example
In which an author cites specific cases in order to justify a…
28 terms
Argument Methods
Description
Objective Description
Subjective Description
Dominant Impression
Draws on sensory details ( 5 senses )
Explain with precision and objectivity, without emotion
Draws on emotions, presents state of mind though sensory deta…
Central purpose or goal
Description
Draws on sensory details ( 5 senses )
Objective Description
Explain with precision and objectivity, without emotion
Methods of Argument
scare tactics
Either - or choices
Slippery slope
Sentimental appeals
People like politicians, advertisers and public figures who p…
A way to simplify arguments and give them power is to reduce…
Today's tiny miss step turns into tomorrow slide of disaster.…
Arguments that use the tender emotions excessively to distrac…
scare tactics
People like politicians, advertisers and public figures who p…
Either - or choices
A way to simplify arguments and give them power is to reduce…
13 terms
Methods of Argument
Yvette responds to Xavier by
Carla does which one of the following…
Aiesha responds to Adam's argument by
Ruth uses which one of the following a…
ID the Conclusion and evidence and then focus on the structur…
...
...
...
Yvette responds to Xavier by
ID the Conclusion and evidence and then focus on the structur…
Carla does which one of the following…
...
31 terms
Arguments and Methods
Rhetoric
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text author is trying to…
Rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
Primary Sources
original, firsthand accounts
24 terms
Argumentative methods
Ethos
Pathos
Logos
Main idea
Based on the appeal amd seeming expertise of the speaker
Based on emotion
Based on effective presentation of logical arguments
The important points in the text, most important idea
Ethos
Based on the appeal amd seeming expertise of the speaker
Pathos
Based on emotion
18 terms
Methods of Argumentation
Classical: Introduction
Classical: Statement of Background
Classical: Proposition
Classical: Confirmation
Capture the audience's attention. Introduce the claim and its…
Give context and background information for the claim.
State the claim/thesis, based on presented information and ou…
Present reasons, subclaims, and evidence. Uses a lot of logos
Classical: Introduction
Capture the audience's attention. Introduce the claim and its…
Classical: Statement of Background
Give context and background information for the claim.
31 terms
Arguments and methods
Rheroric
Primary sources
Secondary sources
Central idea
Using language persuasively
Original, first hand accounts
Descriptions based on primary sources
Most important point with in the text that the author is tryi…
Rheroric
Using language persuasively
Primary sources
Original, first hand accounts
31 terms
Argumentative Methods
Rhetoric
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
Rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
Primary Sources
original, firsthand accounts
31 terms
Arguments and Methods
Rhetoric
Primary sources
Secondary sources
Central idea
The art of using language persuasively.
Original, firsthand accounts.
Descriptions based on primary sources.
The most important point within the text that the author is t…
Rhetoric
The art of using language persuasively.
Primary sources
Original, firsthand accounts.
31 terms
Arguments and Methods
Rhetoric
Primary Source
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
The art of using language persuasively
Original, Firsthand accounts
Descriptions based on primary sources
The most important point within the text that the author is t…
Rhetoric
The art of using language persuasively
Primary Source
Original, Firsthand accounts
31 terms
Arguments and Methods
Rhetoric
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text author is trying to…
Rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
Primary Sources
original, firsthand accounts
8 terms
Method of Argument - The How
Method of Argument/Analogy
Method of Argument/Illustration-Example
Method of Argument/Counter Example
Method of Argument/Appeal to Authority
Using an analogy to make a point
A specific case used to make a generalization
author seeks to discredit an argument by citing a specific ca…
Author cites an expert or appeal to authority
Method of Argument/Analogy
Using an analogy to make a point
Method of Argument/Illustration-Example
A specific case used to make a generalization
30 terms
Argumentation method- phrases
This is a topical subject
This is a burning issue
at present... currently
This is an issue worh discussing
C'est un sujet d'actualité
C'est un sujet brûlant
actuellement
C'est un problème qui vaut la peine d'être débattu
This is a topical subject
C'est un sujet d'actualité
This is a burning issue
C'est un sujet brûlant
11 terms
Methods of developing an argument
Examples
Specific details
Comparison and contrast
Cause and effect
The use of specific evidence to prove a point
The use of description or narration to illustrate an argument
A technique where an author examines things for their resembl…
When certain actions have a clear outcome, these are discusse…
Examples
The use of specific evidence to prove a point
Specific details
The use of description or narration to illustrate an argument
Common Methods of Argument
What are the seven common methods of a…
Analogy
Example
Counterexamples
Analogy, Example, Counterexamples, Ad Hominem Attack, Elimina…
Draws parallels between two unrelated situations
Cites specific cases to justify a generalization
Discredits an opponent's argument by citing a specific case i…
What are the seven common methods of a…
Analogy, Example, Counterexamples, Ad Hominem Attack, Elimina…
Analogy
Draws parallels between two unrelated situations
8 terms
Toulmin Method of Argumentation
Claim
Stated Reason(s)
Grounds
Warrants
Your Thesis, the main point you're trying to make
Your because clause(s) in support of your thesis
The evidence that supports your because clause(s). The ground…
The unstated assumption supporting your enthymeme(s).
Claim
Your Thesis, the main point you're trying to make
Stated Reason(s)
Your because clause(s) in support of your thesis
11 terms
Scientific Method & Scientific Argumentation
Scientific Method
Questions
Observation
Hypothesis
A way of answering questions you might have. There are specif…
drive scientific inquiry, they are based on observations
When you use your senses to gather and record information abo…
A suggested answer to the scientific question
Scientific Method
A way of answering questions you might have. There are specif…
Questions
drive scientific inquiry, they are based on observations
10 terms
LSAT Argument Methods
main point
necessary assumption
sufficient assumption
weaken
- conclusion and premise... - why test... - don't fall for opposite…
- conclusion and premise... - look for gap between 2 different i…
conclusion and premise... eliminate answers that bring in new in…
conclusion, premise, and assumption... look for large leap in lo…
main point
- conclusion and premise... - why test... - don't fall for opposite…
necessary assumption
- conclusion and premise... - look for gap between 2 different i…
9 terms
Methods of Reasoning/ Forms of Argumentation
Listing options/choices available and…
Stating a rule or principle that is ge…
Using a figure of authority to support…
Rejecting Alternatives
Applying a General Principle
Appealing to an Authority
Listing options/choices available and…
Rejecting Alternatives
Stating a rule or principle that is ge…
Applying a General Principle
28 terms
argument and additional methods
description
objective description
subject description
dominant impression
use words to depict or re-create a scene, object, person, or…
convey the subject impersonally, without emotion
description that draws explicitly on your emotions, giving an…
central theme/idea about the subject to which the readers can…
description
use words to depict or re-create a scene, object, person, or…
objective description
convey the subject impersonally, without emotion
24 terms
Arguments and Methods Vocab
main idea
supporting detail
primary source
secondary source
the important points within the text
information and details that support the main idea
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
main idea
the important points within the text
supporting detail
information and details that support the main idea
23 terms
Arguments and Methods Vocab
main idea
supporting details
primary source
secondary source
important points within the text; the most important point in…
info and details about support the main idea
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary soure
main idea
important points within the text; the most important point in…
supporting details
info and details about support the main idea
21 terms
Argument Methods Test Flashcards
Description
Objective Description
Subjective Description
Dominant Impression
Draws on the five senses - sight, hearing, smell, taste, and…
strives for precision and objectivity, strives to convey subj…
draws on emotions, presents state of mind through sensory det…
central purpose or goal of DESCRIPTION- all details connect t…
Description
Draws on the five senses - sight, hearing, smell, taste, and…
Objective Description
strives for precision and objectivity, strives to convey subj…
13 terms
English Arguments and Methods
Argument
Rhetoric
Pathos
Logos
a reason or set of reasons given to persuade others that an i…
The art of using language persuasively
An appeal to the audiences emotion
An appeal to logical reasoning
Argument
a reason or set of reasons given to persuade others that an i…
Rhetoric
The art of using language persuasively
17 terms
Methods of Argumentation & Logical Fallacies
Doublespeak
Defensive/Offensive
Generalities
Anticipating Audience Response
-Language that deliberately disguises, distorts, or reverses…
- A defensive argument's goal is to prevent the other side fr…
A vague word or phrase used to evoke positive feelings rather…
If you know the biases or outlook of your audience, you can p…
Doublespeak
-Language that deliberately disguises, distorts, or reverses…
Defensive/Offensive
- A defensive argument's goal is to prevent the other side fr…
31 terms
Arguments and Methods English II
rhetoric
primary sources
secondary sources
central idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts (ex: constitution)
descriptions based on primary sources (ex: textbook)
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
primary sources
original, firsthand accounts (ex: constitution)
31 terms
Arguments and Methods Terms
rhetoric
primary sources
secondary sources
central idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
primary sources
original, firsthand accounts
28 terms
Research Methods/Arguments 2
arguments for deception
arguments against deception
animal research
descriptive methods
1. help control placebo effects as well as to study issues th…
1. lying is inherently immoral 2. they argue it could undermi…
some argue that many of the studies are trivial, it is unethi…
observational studies, self reports, and case studies; cannot…
arguments for deception
1. help control placebo effects as well as to study issues th…
arguments against deception
1. lying is inherently immoral 2. they argue it could undermi…
19 terms
Arguments and Methods Terms
main idea
supporting details
primary source
secondary source
most important points in the text
information and details that support main idea
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on original, firsthand accounts
main idea
most important points in the text
supporting details
information and details that support main idea
14 terms
Recognizing Arguments & Good and Bad Argument Methods Review
I believe that Jesus lived on the eart…
Cookies are sooooo good in my tummy- C…
Navy blue shirts are great. Your shirt…
All men are mortal. Socrates is a man.…
b
a
c
c
I believe that Jesus lived on the eart…
b
Cookies are sooooo good in my tummy- C…
a
31 terms
Arguments and Methods Terms
Rhetoric
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
The art of using language persuasively
Original, firsthand accounts
Descriptions based on primary sources
The most important point within the text that the author is t…
Rhetoric
The art of using language persuasively
Primary Sources
Original, firsthand accounts
31 terms
english arguments and methods
rhetoric
primary sources
secondary sources
central idea
the art of using language persuasively.
original, firsthand accounts(ex: Constitution).
descriptions based on primary sources(ex: textbook).
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively.
primary sources
original, firsthand accounts(ex: Constitution).
31 terms
arguments and methods vocab
rhetoric
primary sources
secondary sources
central idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important text that tg
rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
primary sources
original, firsthand accounts
24 terms
Arguments and Methods Terms
main idea
supporting details
primary source
secondary source
the important points within the texts; the most important poi…
information and details that support the main idea
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
main idea
the important points within the texts; the most important poi…
supporting details
information and details that support the main idea
31 terms
Arguments and Methods Callahan
rhetoric
primary sources
secondary sources
central idea
the art of using language persuasively
original first hand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
primary sources
original first hand accounts
31 terms
Arguments and Methods Academic Terms
Rhetoric
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
the art of using language persuasively
Original, firsthand accounts
Descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
Rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
Primary Sources
Original, firsthand accounts
22 terms
Arguments and Methods Academic Terms
Main idea
Supporting Details
Primary Source
Secondary Source
most important points within the text; the most important poi…
information and details that support the main idea
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
Main idea
most important points within the text; the most important poi…
Supporting Details
information and details that support the main idea
16 terms
Philosophical Methods and Argumentation
What are the two tools philosophers us…
premises
affirming the antecendent
denying the consequent
Arguments and thought experiments
claims that can be true or false. they are never questions or…
(i) If F, then G... (ii) F... (iii) Therefore, G
(i) If F, then G... (ii) Not F... (iii) Therefore, not F
What are the two tools philosophers us…
Arguments and thought experiments
premises
claims that can be true or false. they are never questions or…
18 terms
Arguments and Methods Test
A reason or set of reasons to persuade…
A statement presented as truth
A statement that disagrees with a claim
the art of using language persuasively
Argument
Claim
counterclaim
Rhetoric
A reason or set of reasons to persuade…
Argument
A statement presented as truth
Claim
13 terms
Eng. Arguments & Methods Test
Argument
Claim
Counterclaim
Rebuttal
A reason or set of reasons given to persuade others than an i…
A statement presented as truth.
A statement that disagrees with a claim.
Evidence showing a claim is false.
Argument
A reason or set of reasons given to persuade others than an i…
Claim
A statement presented as truth.
15 terms
English Methods and Arguments Test
Argument
Claim
Counterclaim
Rebuttal
a reason or set of reasons given to persuade others that an i…
A statement presented as truth
A statement that disagrees with a claim
Evidence showing a Claim is false
Argument
a reason or set of reasons given to persuade others that an i…
Claim
A statement presented as truth
7 terms
Methods of Argument Common on LSAT
Argument by analogy
Use of example
Use of counterexamples
Appeal to authority
Author draws parallels between two unrelated situations
Author cites specific cases in order to justify a generalizat…
Author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument by citing a…
Author cites an expert or other authority figure as support f…
Argument by analogy
Author draws parallels between two unrelated situations
Use of example
Author cites specific cases in order to justify a generalizat…
10 terms
Argument cp 4 - methods of delivery
Delivery
Volume
Pitch
Rates
The way to use your voice and body to present a speech to an…
The loudness or softness of sound
The placement of your voice on the musical scale; the highnes…
The speed at which you speak
Delivery
The way to use your voice and body to present a speech to an…
Volume
The loudness or softness of sound
13 terms
English Terms for Arguments and Methods Test
argument
claim
counterclaim
rebuttal
a reason or set of reasons given to persuade others that an i…
a statement presented as truth
a statement that disagrees with a claim
evidence showing a claim is false
argument
a reason or set of reasons given to persuade others that an i…
claim
a statement presented as truth
16 terms
PSYCH 230: Research Methods, Bad Arguments
Ad hominem
Appeal to Emotion
Straw Man
False Dichotomy
-Attacking the person, instead of the argument... -Example: Afte…
-Using emotionally-charged statements, rather than logically-…
-Arguing against a position that does not actually exist... -Mis…
Offering a biased choice that will undermine an opponent
Ad hominem
-Attacking the person, instead of the argument... -Example: Afte…
Appeal to Emotion
-Using emotionally-charged statements, rather than logically-…
9 terms
Common Methods for Weakening Arguments: Cause & Effect
Typically...
Cause and Effect Arguments
Show That the Proposed Cause & Effect…
Show That Something Else is Responsibl…
1) offer an explanation for an observed phenomenon 2) propose…
For these arguments, must show why the posited cause/ reason…
"People who pay for expensive cars are generally more success…
"Children who grow up to be basketball players usually start…
Typically...
1) offer an explanation for an observed phenomenon 2) propose…
Cause and Effect Arguments
For these arguments, must show why the posited cause/ reason…
21 terms
Logical Reasoning Method and Argument Based Questions (Chpt. 8-9)
Structure of logical resoning questions
stimulus
question stem
Logical reasoning method
1.stimulus... 2.question stem... 3. answer choices
the beginning of the LR question... -paragraph length argument
the specific task relating to the stimulus
1. identify question type... 2.untangle the stimulus... 3.predict t…
Structure of logical resoning questions
1.stimulus... 2.question stem... 3. answer choices
stimulus
the beginning of the LR question... -paragraph length argument
Argument-Based Questions: Parallel Reasoning, Main Point, Role of Statement, Point at Issue, Method of Argument (LR)
What are the 6 conclusion types?
when answering parallel reasoning ques…
what conclusion type example is this:…
a conditional prediction, recommendati…
value judgement... if/then... assertion of fact... prediction... comparis…
(1) identify the conclusion type in the the stimulus ... (2) ide…
value judgement (an evaluative statement)
if/then (usually in if/then format)
What are the 6 conclusion types?
value judgement... if/then... assertion of fact... prediction... comparis…
when answering parallel reasoning ques…
(1) identify the conclusion type in the the stimulus ... (2) ide…
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