Study sets matching "method of argument"

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Study sets matching "method of argument"

Argument- Method of Argument
Front of Card: Yvette responds to Xavi…
Front of Card: Carla does which one of…
Front of Card: Aiesha responds to Adam…
Front of Card: Ruth uses which one of…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
Front of Card: Yvette responds to Xavi…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
Front of Card: Carla does which one of…
METHOD OF ARGUMENT ... STRATEGY:... ID the Conclusion and evidenc…
5 terms
Method of Argument
Strategy
Common argument techniques
Predictions
Common wrong
ID conclusion/evidence... Focus on structure... "How is author gett…
Ruling out alternatives/using examples/analogies/
Cut out content focus on structure... I.e. Author uses counter e…
Outside scope/distortion - something author does not do
Strategy
ID conclusion/evidence... Focus on structure... "How is author gett…
Common argument techniques
Ruling out alternatives/using examples/analogies/
7 terms
Methods of Argument
Analogy
Example
Counterexample
Appeal to Authority
draws parallels between two unrelated (but purportedly simila…
cites specific cases in order to justify a generalization
discredit an opponent's argument by citing a specific case in…
cites an expert or another figure as support for her conclusion
Analogy
draws parallels between two unrelated (but purportedly simila…
Example
cites specific cases in order to justify a generalization
Methods of argument
Analogy
Example
Counter examples
Appeal to authority
An author draws parallels between two unrellated (but purpote…
An author cites specific cases in order to justify a generali…
An author seeks to discredit an opponents argument by citing…
An author cites an expert or another figure as support for he…
Analogy
An author draws parallels between two unrellated (but purpote…
Example
An author cites specific cases in order to justify a generali…
8 terms
Methods of argument
Analogy
Example
Counter examples
Appeal to authority
In which an aithor draws parallels between two unrelated (but…
In which an author cites specific cases in order to justify a…
In which an author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument…
In which an author cites an expert or another figure as suppo…
Analogy
In which an aithor draws parallels between two unrelated (but…
Example
In which an author cites specific cases in order to justify a…
Method of Argument Stratergies
Example
Counter examples
Ad hominem attack
Eliminating Alternatives
In which an author cites specific cases in order to justify a…
In which an author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument…
In which an author attacks her opponent's personal credibilit…
In which an author lists possibilities and discredits all but…
Example
In which an author cites specific cases in order to justify a…
Counter examples
In which an author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument…
Methods of Arguments
Argument by analogy
Use of examples
Use of counterexamples
Appeal to authority
author draws parallel between 2 unrelated situations
author cites specific cases in order to justify a generalizat…
author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument by citing a…
author cites an expert or authority figure as support for her…
Argument by analogy
author draws parallel between 2 unrelated situations
Use of examples
author cites specific cases in order to justify a generalizat…
18 terms
Methods of Argumentation
Classical: Introduction
Classical: Statement of Background
Classical: Proposition
Classical: Confirmation
Capture the audience's attention. Introduce the claim and its…
Give context and background information for the claim.
State the claim/thesis, based on presented information and ou…
Present reasons, subclaims, and evidence. Uses a lot of logos
Classical: Introduction
Capture the audience's attention. Introduce the claim and its…
Classical: Statement of Background
Give context and background information for the claim.
Methods of Argument
Yvette responds to Xavier by
Carla does which one of the following…
Aiesha responds to Adam's argument by
Ruth uses which one of the following a…
ID the Conclusion and evidence and then focus on the structur…
...
...
...
Yvette responds to Xavier by
ID the Conclusion and evidence and then focus on the structur…
Carla does which one of the following…
...
Arguments and Methods
Rhetoric
Primary sources
Secondary sources
Central idea
The art of using language persuasively.
Original, firsthand accounts.
Descriptions based on primary sources.
The most important point within the text that the author is t…
Rhetoric
The art of using language persuasively.
Primary sources
Original, firsthand accounts.
31 terms
Arguments and Methods
Rhetoric
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text author is trying to…
Rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
Primary Sources
original, firsthand accounts
31 terms
Arguments and Methods
Rhetoric
Primary Source
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
The art of using language persuasively
Original, Firsthand accounts
Descriptions based on primary sources
The most important point within the text that the author is t…
Rhetoric
The art of using language persuasively
Primary Source
Original, Firsthand accounts
31 terms
Arguments and methods
Rheroric
Primary sources
Secondary sources
Central idea
Using language persuasively
Original, first hand accounts
Descriptions based on primary sources
Most important point with in the text that the author is tryi…
Rheroric
Using language persuasively
Primary sources
Original, first hand accounts
31 terms
Argumentative Methods
Rhetoric
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
Rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
Primary Sources
original, firsthand accounts
31 terms
Arguments and Methods
Rhetoric
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text author is trying to…
Rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
Primary Sources
original, firsthand accounts
24 terms
Argumentative methods
Ethos
Pathos
Logos
Main idea
Based on the appeal amd seeming expertise of the speaker
Based on emotion
Based on effective presentation of logical arguments
The important points in the text, most important idea
Ethos
Based on the appeal amd seeming expertise of the speaker
Pathos
Based on emotion
Method of Argument - The How
Method of Argument/Analogy
Method of Argument/Illustration-Example
Method of Argument/Counter Example
Method of Argument/Appeal to Authority
Using an analogy to make a point
A specific case used to make a generalization
author seeks to discredit an argument by citing a specific ca…
Author cites an expert or appeal to authority
Method of Argument/Analogy
Using an analogy to make a point
Method of Argument/Illustration-Example
A specific case used to make a generalization
LSAT methods of argument
Analogy
Example
Counterexamples
Appeal to authority
The author draws parallels between two unrelated (but purport…
The author site specific cases in order to justify a generali…
The author seeks to discredit an opponent argument by citing…
The author cites an expert or another figure as support for h…
Analogy
The author draws parallels between two unrelated (but purport…
Example
The author site specific cases in order to justify a generali…
Common Methods of Argument
Analogy
Example
Counter Example
Appeal to Authority
In which an author draws parallels betw. 2 unrelated (but sim…
Author cites specific case to justify a generalization
An attempt to discredit an opponents position by citing a spe…
Author cites expert as support for conclusion
Analogy
In which an author draws parallels betw. 2 unrelated (but sim…
Example
Author cites specific case to justify a generalization
Common Methods of Argument
Argument by Analogy
Use of Examples
Use of counterexamples
Appeal to Authority
In which an author draws parallels between two unrelated (but…
In which an author cites specific cases in order to justify a…
In which an author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument…
In which an author cites an expert or other authority figure…
Argument by Analogy
In which an author draws parallels between two unrelated (but…
Use of Examples
In which an author cites specific cases in order to justify a…
7 terms
Common methods of argument
Analogy
Example
Counter example
Appeal to Authority
When an author draes parallels between two unrelated (but pur…
When an author cites specific cases in order to justify a gen…
When an author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument by c…
When an author cites an expert of another figure as support f…
Analogy
When an author draes parallels between two unrelated (but pur…
Example
When an author cites specific cases in order to justify a gen…
7 terms
LSAT- Common Methods of Argument
Argument by analogy
Use of Examples
Use of Counterexamples
Appeal to Authority
An author draws parallels between two unrelated (but purporte…
An author cites specific cases in order to justify a generali…
An author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument by citing…
An author cites an expert or other authority figure as suppor…
Argument by analogy
An author draws parallels between two unrelated (but purporte…
Use of Examples
An author cites specific cases in order to justify a generali…
8 terms
Toulmin Method of Argumentation
Claim
Stated Reason(s)
Grounds
Warrants
Your Thesis, the main point you're trying to make
Your because clause(s) in support of your thesis
The evidence that supports your because clause(s). The ground…
The unstated assumption supporting your enthymeme(s).
Claim
Your Thesis, the main point you're trying to make
Stated Reason(s)
Your because clause(s) in support of your thesis
Argumentation method- phrases
This is a topical subject
This is a burning issue
at present... currently
This is an issue worh discussing
C'est un sujet d'actualité
C'est un sujet brûlant
actuellement
C'est un problème qui vaut la peine d'être débattu
This is a topical subject
C'est un sujet d'actualité
This is a burning issue
C'est un sujet brûlant
10 terms
LSAT Argument Methods
main point
necessary assumption
sufficient assumption
weaken
- conclusion and premise... - why test... - don't fall for opposite…
- conclusion and premise... - look for gap between 2 different i…
conclusion and premise... eliminate answers that bring in new in…
conclusion, premise, and assumption... look for large leap in lo…
main point
- conclusion and premise... - why test... - don't fall for opposite…
necessary assumption
- conclusion and premise... - look for gap between 2 different i…
15 terms
Scientific Argumentation and Scientific Method
Claim
Evidence
Reasoning
Scientific Method
A statement or conclusion answering the original question or…
Data or facts that support your claim. Often times requires m…
Statement(s) that link the evidence to the claim. Explains ho…
A way of answering questions you may have
Claim
A statement or conclusion answering the original question or…
Evidence
Data or facts that support your claim. Often times requires m…
11 terms
Scientific Method & Scientific Argumentation
Scientific Method
Questions
Observation
Hypothesis
A way of answering questions you might have. There are specif…
drive scientific inquiry, they are based on observations
When you use your senses to gather and record information abo…
A suggested answer to the scientific question
Scientific Method
A way of answering questions you might have. There are specif…
Questions
drive scientific inquiry, they are based on observations
11 terms
Methods of developing an argument
Examples
Specific details
Comparison and contrast
Cause and effect
The use of specific evidence to prove a point
The use of description or narration to illustrate an argument
A technique where an author examines things for their resembl…
When certain actions have a clear outcome, these are discusse…
Examples
The use of specific evidence to prove a point
Specific details
The use of description or narration to illustrate an argument
Common Methods of Argument
What are the seven common methods of a…
Analogy
Example
Counterexamples
Analogy, Example, Counterexamples, Ad Hominem Attack, Elimina…
Draws parallels between two unrelated situations
Cites specific cases to justify a generalization
Discredits an opponent's argument by citing a specific case i…
What are the seven common methods of a…
Analogy, Example, Counterexamples, Ad Hominem Attack, Elimina…
Analogy
Draws parallels between two unrelated situations
17 terms
Methods of Argumentation & Logical Fallacies
Doublespeak
Defensive/Offensive
Generalities
Anticipating Audience Response
-Language that deliberately disguises, distorts, or reverses…
- A defensive argument's goal is to prevent the other side fr…
A vague word or phrase used to evoke positive feelings rather…
If you know the biases or outlook of your audience, you can p…
Doublespeak
-Language that deliberately disguises, distorts, or reverses…
Defensive/Offensive
- A defensive argument's goal is to prevent the other side fr…
Methods of Reasoning/ Forms of Argumentation
Listing options/choices available and…
Stating a rule or principle that is ge…
Using a figure of authority to support…
Rejecting Alternatives
Applying a General Principle
Appealing to an Authority
Listing options/choices available and…
Rejecting Alternatives
Stating a rule or principle that is ge…
Applying a General Principle
14 terms
Recognizing Arguments & Good and Bad Argument Methods Review
I believe that Jesus lived on the eart…
Cookies are sooooo good in my tummy- C…
Navy blue shirts are great. Your shirt…
All men are mortal. Socrates is a man.…
b
a
c
c
I believe that Jesus lived on the eart…
b
Cookies are sooooo good in my tummy- C…
a
28 terms
Research Methods/Arguments 2
arguments for deception
arguments against deception
animal research
descriptive methods
1. help control placebo effects as well as to study issues th…
1. lying is inherently immoral 2. they argue it could undermi…
some argue that many of the studies are trivial, it is unethi…
observational studies, self reports, and case studies; cannot…
arguments for deception
1. help control placebo effects as well as to study issues th…
arguments against deception
1. lying is inherently immoral 2. they argue it could undermi…
Arguments and Methods Terms
Rhetoric
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
The art of using language persuasively
Original, firsthand accounts
Descriptions based on primary sources
The most important point within the text that the author is t…
Rhetoric
The art of using language persuasively
Primary Sources
Original, firsthand accounts
31 terms
english arguments and methods
rhetoric
primary sources
secondary sources
central idea
the art of using language persuasively.
original, firsthand accounts(ex: Constitution).
descriptions based on primary sources(ex: textbook).
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively.
primary sources
original, firsthand accounts(ex: Constitution).
23 terms
Arguments and Methods Vocab
main idea
supporting details
primary source
secondary source
important points within the text; the most important point in…
info and details about support the main idea
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary soure
main idea
important points within the text; the most important point in…
supporting details
info and details about support the main idea
22 terms
Arguments and Methods Academic Terms
Main idea
Supporting Details
Primary Source
Secondary Source
most important points within the text; the most important poi…
information and details that support the main idea
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
Main idea
most important points within the text; the most important poi…
Supporting Details
information and details that support the main idea
Arguments and Methods English II
rhetoric
primary sources
secondary sources
central idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts (ex: constitution)
descriptions based on primary sources (ex: textbook)
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
primary sources
original, firsthand accounts (ex: constitution)
31 terms
Arguments and Methods Terms
rhetoric
primary sources
secondary sources
central idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
primary sources
original, firsthand accounts
19 terms
Arguments and Methods Terms
main idea
supporting details
primary source
secondary source
most important points in the text
information and details that support main idea
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on original, firsthand accounts
main idea
most important points in the text
supporting details
information and details that support main idea
31 terms
Arguments and Methods Callahan
rhetoric
primary sources
secondary sources
central idea
the art of using language persuasively
original first hand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
primary sources
original first hand accounts
31 terms
arguments and methods vocab
rhetoric
primary sources
secondary sources
central idea
the art of using language persuasively
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
the most important text that tg
rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
primary sources
original, firsthand accounts
Arguments and Methods Academic Terms
Rhetoric
Primary Sources
Secondary Sources
Central Idea
the art of using language persuasively
Original, firsthand accounts
Descriptions based on primary sources
the most important point within the text that the author is t…
Rhetoric
the art of using language persuasively
Primary Sources
Original, firsthand accounts
24 terms
Arguments and Methods Vocab
main idea
supporting detail
primary source
secondary source
the important points within the text
information and details that support the main idea
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
main idea
the important points within the text
supporting detail
information and details that support the main idea
24 terms
Arguments and Methods Terms
main idea
supporting details
primary source
secondary source
the important points within the texts; the most important poi…
information and details that support the main idea
original, firsthand accounts
descriptions based on primary sources
main idea
the important points within the texts; the most important poi…
supporting details
information and details that support the main idea
16 terms
Philosophical Methods and Argumentation
What are the two tools philosophers us…
premises
affirming the antecendent
denying the consequent
Arguments and thought experiments
claims that can be true or false. they are never questions or…
(i) If F, then G... (ii) F... (iii) Therefore, G
(i) If F, then G... (ii) Not F... (iii) Therefore, not F
What are the two tools philosophers us…
Arguments and thought experiments
premises
claims that can be true or false. they are never questions or…
13 terms
Eng. Arguments & Methods Test
Argument
Claim
Counterclaim
Rebuttal
A reason or set of reasons given to persuade others than an i…
A statement presented as truth.
A statement that disagrees with a claim.
Evidence showing a claim is false.
Argument
A reason or set of reasons given to persuade others than an i…
Claim
A statement presented as truth.
18 terms
Arguments and Methods Test
A reason or set of reasons to persuade…
A statement presented as truth
A statement that disagrees with a claim
the art of using language persuasively
Argument
Claim
counterclaim
Rhetoric
A reason or set of reasons to persuade…
Argument
A statement presented as truth
Claim
15 terms
English Methods and Arguments Test
Argument
Claim
Counterclaim
Rebuttal
a reason or set of reasons given to persuade others that an i…
A statement presented as truth
A statement that disagrees with a claim
Evidence showing a Claim is false
Argument
a reason or set of reasons given to persuade others that an i…
Claim
A statement presented as truth
Logical Reasoning : Common Methods of Argument
Argument by analogy
Uses of examples
Use of counterexamples
appeal to authority
the author draws parallels between two unrelated but purporte…
the author cites specific cates to justify a generalization
an author seeks to discredit an opponent's argument by citing…
the author cites an expect or other authority figure as suppo…
Argument by analogy
the author draws parallels between two unrelated but purporte…
Uses of examples
the author cites specific cates to justify a generalization
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